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ME

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

COURSE INFORMATION (Jan May 2012)

IV SEM B.E.
PES Institute of Technology
(Autonomous Institute under VTU) 100 feet Ring Road, BSK III Stage, Bengaluru 560 085 Phone: (080) 2672 1983 Fax: (080) 2672 0886

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
4th SEM LESSON PLAN Session: Jan May 2012 INDEX
Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Subjects General Guidelines Methods of Applied Mathematics Engineering Dynamics Applied Thermodynamics Turbo Machines Metal Cutting And Machining Process Measurement Science and Engg. Material Characterization & Testing Lab Manufacturing Process II Lab Computer Aided Machine Drawing Lab Code -10MA251 10ME259 10ME252 10ME253 10ME254 10ME255 10ME256 10ME258 10ME206 Staff -Prof. NN / Prof. BK Prof. BR Prof. TRS / Prof. SVN Prof. VK/ Prof. JKP Prof. TPR/ Prof. AA Prof. CKS Prof. SVV Prof. NRM Prof. KM Page No. 03 04-05 06-07 08-10 11-14 15-16 17-19 20 21 22

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
GENERAL GUIDELINES
Dos Donts Possession of mobile phones strictly prohibited Do not attend the classes without the identity card Do not write on the desks, walls to avoid heavy penalty either to you individually, or to the entire class if the identity is not revealed If you secure less than 85% attendance in any individual subject the university will not allow you to take up the examinations Do not indulge in ragging which is punishable under Karnataka education act and subject to severe punishment. Do not alter the configuration of the system/ any software on the system Bring this course information booklet to the class daily. Be well on time every time Keep the classrooms, Laboratories, Workshops, amenities and the surroundings always clean Show due respect to all staff Maintain absolute discipline and decorum in campus Clarify your doubts in the respective subjects with faculty by taking prior appointment Inform your parents to follow up your progress at regular intervals with the college authorities Drop your suggestion in the box provided

SMILE AND BE PROUD OF BEING A PART OF THE P.E.S FAMILY

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
METHODS OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Subject Code: 10MA251 Faculty: Prof. NN / Prof. BK No. of Hours: 60

Class 1-2 3 4 5-7 8 9-10 11 12-13 14 15 16 17 18-19 20 21- 23 24 25 26 27-28 29-30 31-32

Title Reference

Portions to be covered Limits, continuity and differentiability of functions of complex variables Analytic Functions Problems Cauchy-Riemann equations in Cartesian and Polar forms Consequences of C-R equations Conformal Transformations:- z2 ,ez , z + a2/z (z 0) Problems Bilinear Transformations Line Integral-Problems Cauchys theorem, corollaries Cauchys Integral formula Problems Taylors and Laurents series expansion of functions Singularities Cauchys Residue theorem and Problems Roots of Transcendental Equations - Bisection Method Regula -Falsi Method Newton -Raphson Method Finite differences forward, backward & central differences Interpolation :- Newton- Gregory forward and backward interpolation formulae Stirling's formula & Bessel's formula

% Portions

UNIT 1 Complex Variables

21%

UNIT 2 Complex Integration

38%

UNIT 3 Numerical Analysis

71%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME

33-34 35 36 37-38 39 40-41 42 43 44 45-46 47-48 49-50 51-52 53-55 56-57 58 59-60 UNIT 5 PDE Part 2 UNIT 4 PDE Part 1 UNIT 3 Numerical Analysis

Lagrange's formula for unequal intervals inverse interpolation Problems Newton's divided difference interpolation formula Numerical integration - Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's 1/3 rule - problems Simpson's 3/8 rule, Weddle's rule problems Numerical solutions of first order ODE - Taylor's series method Modified Euler's method problems Runge - Kutta method of fourth order problems Introduction to Partial differential equations ( PDE ) Formation by eliminating arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions Solution by direct integration Solution of equations of the type Pp+Qq=R Charpits Method Solution of PDEs by the method of separation of variables, Solution of one dimensional heat and wave equations. Solution of two dimensional and three dimensional Laplace equations in Cartesian form Solution of two dimensional Laplace equation in Polar form Solution of Homogeneous and Non-Homogeneous Linear PDEs

71%

86%

100%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
ENGINEERING DYNAMICS
Subject Code: 10ME259
Class Chapter Title / Reference Literature 1. Mass Moment of Inertia

Faculty: Prof. BR
Portions to be Covered Mass moment of Inertia about an axis Parallel axis theorem perpendicular axes theorem Rectilinear motion Plane curvilinear motion Rectangular co-ordinates Normal and tangential coordinates Polar coordinates Relative motion Translating axes Constrained motion of connecting particles and problems Force- mass acceleration Newtons second law Equations of motions Curvilinear motion Work energy equation Impulse and momentum Conservation of momentum Impact Generalized Newtons second law Equations of motion Work energy Impulse momentum Conservation of energy and momentum

No. of Hours: 52
% Portions Covered Reference Cumulative Chapter Appendix B 15%

1-8

9-18

2. Kinematics of particles

Chapter 2

34%

19-25

3. Kinetics of Particles

Chapter 3

48%

26-30

4. Kinetics of system particles

Chapter 4

57%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
5. Plane Kinetics of Rigid bodies General equations of motion Translation Fixed axis rotation and problems Problems on applications of Fly wheel Punching Press 4 stroke petrol engine. Extension of work-energy to include rotary effects Links, Joints and Kinematic chains, Four bar chain and single slider crank and their inversions Straight Line Mechanisms Peaucellier mechanism. Intermittent Mechanisms Geneva Mechanism, Pantograph 4 bar mechanism and slider crank mechanism and their velocity and acceleration analysis.

31-35

Chapter 6

67%

36-40

6. Rotary Work/Energy

Chapter 6

76%

41-46

7.Mechanisms and Machines

Chapter 1 Rattan

88%

47-52

8.Velocity and Acceleration analysis

Chapter 2 & 3- Rattan

100%

Text Books:

1. Engineering Mechanics Dynamics, L.Meriam & L G Kraige, Wiley India, 6th 2.


Edition. Theory of Machines, S.S.Ratttan, Tata McGrawhill Publishing Co. Ltd., Third Reprint, 2006.

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS
Subject Code: 10ME252
Class Chapter Title / Reference Literature UNIT: 1 Reciprocating Compressors R2:page 206 224

Faculty: Prof. TRS/Prof. SVN


Portions to be Covered Classification of reciprocating compressors; expression for work input and volumetric efficiency for a single stage compressor; effect of clearance; adiabatic, isothermal and mechanical efficiencies; analysis of an actual single stage compressor; need for multistage compressors; optimum intermediate pressure for a two-stage compressor with and without perfect inter cooling. Introduction; Important performance parameters of IC engines and their definitions; measurement of brake power, friction power, indicated power and fuel consumption; Morse test for multicylinder engines; Illustrative examples Carnot vapour power cycle and its draw back as a reference cycle, Analysis of a simple Rankine cycle, concept of thermodynamic mean temperature, expression for thermal efficiency of rankine cycle in terms of temperature, effects of pressure and temperature on the performance of rankine cycle. Analysis of modified rankine cycle like Reheat cycle ,Regenerative cycle-Types of feed water heaters, analysis of regenerative cycles with open type and closed type feed water heaters, Reheat regenerative cycle, Binary vapour cycle, process heat and by-product power, efficiencies of steam power plant.

No. of Hours: 52
% Portions Covered Reference CumulaChapter tive

1-6

11%

11%

7-10

UNIT: 1 Testing of I.C.Engines R2:page 120 136 UNIT: 2 Vapour power cycles

8%

19%

11-15

T1: page 457 467 UNIT: 2 Vapour power cycles

10%

29%

16-20

T1: page 467 490

10%

39%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
UNIT: 3 Gas Power Cycles 21-26 T1: page 521 537 UNIT: 3 Gas Power Cycles T1: page 537 554 UNIT: 4 Refrigeration cycles 31-33 R1: page 623 632 R1:page 644 646 R2:page 230 234 UNIT: 4 Refrigeration cycles T1: page 580-597 Analysis of Carnot gas power cycle and its limitation. Analysis of air standard Otto, Diesel and Dual combustion cycles and their comparison; Analysis of simple GT cycle (Brayton cycle); Modifications of simple cycle like multistage expansion and multistage compression for increased work output; modifications to improve the thermal efficiency of the simple cycle; Analysis of practical gas turbine cycles; Analysis of Jet Propulsion cycles like turboprop and turbojet engine cycles. Analysis of a simple Gas Turbine cogeneration system. Carnot refrigeration cycle, Limitation of carnot cycle as reference cycle, Gas refrigeration cycles-analysis of an ideal air refrigeration cycle, deviation of practical cycle, analysis of practical air refrigeration cycles, Practical application of gas refrigeration cycles, Mechanical vapour compression cycles-analysis of an ideal vapour compression cycle, effect of sub cooling, deviations of practical vapour compression cycle, analysis of practical vapour compression cycles, analysis of vapour compression cycles with multiple evaporators and with multistage compression, absorption refrigeration systems-general expression for COP of a simple vapour absorption system, ammonia-water absorption (only description and no thermodynamic analysis)

11%

50%

27-30

8%

58%

6%

64%

34-36

6%

70%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

ME
Defnitions of terms used in thermodynamics of air-water vapour mixture, relation between specif humidity and relative humidity, T1:page analysis of various psychrometric 619-630 processes, adiabiatic mixing of streams of moist air, summer and winter air conditioning-condition line, apparatus dew point, coil bypass factor UNIT: 5 Introduction; Combustion equations; Thermodynami theoretical air; air fuel ratio ; cs of Reacting Products of combustion - flue gas Mixtures analysis-Orsat apparatus; latest methods of flue gas analysis; energy R1: page release in combustion constant 723 798 volume combustion, combustion in T1:page steady flow; enthalpy of formation; 659-666 adiabatic flame temperature; enthalpy of combustion, heating value; second law analysis of combustion process UNIT: 5 Introduction; Sonic velocity and Compressible Mach number; Stagnation properties Fluid Flow and their relation to static properties; analysis of one dimensional steady T1:page isentropic flow of an ideal gas; 696-707 critical properties choking in isentropic flow; dimensionless velocity M*; pressure distribution and choking in a nozzle UNIT: 4 Airconditioning

37-42

11%

81%

43-47

10%

91%

48-52

9%

100%

Text Book: 1. Basic and Applied Thermodynamics: P.K.Nag,Tata-McGraw-Hill Co., 2002

Reference Book: 1. 2. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, Yunus A Cengel & Michael A. Boles, TMH Edition, 2003 An Introduction to Energy Conversion-Volume II, Energy Conversion Cycles, V.Kadambi & Manohar Prasad, Wiley Eastern Pvt. Ltd., 1974.
IV Sem (Autonomous) 10

PESIT, Dept. of ME

ME
TURBOMACHINES
Subject Code: 10ME253
Chapter Title / Class Reference Chapter UNIT 1 Chapter 2: Thermodynamic Analysis of Compression and Expansion Process

Faculty: Prof. VK
Topics to be covered Introduction, Mach number, types flows, expression for stagnation properties in terms of static properties and Mach number; compression process overall isentropic efficiency of compression; stage efficiency; comparison and relation between overall efficiency and stage efficiency; Polytropic efficiency; pre-heat factor; Expansion process overall isentropic efficiency for a turbine; Stage efficiency for a turbine; comparison and relation between stage efficiency and overall for expansion process; polytropic efficiency of expansion; reheat factor for expansion process; problems

No. of Hours: 52
% of portions covered Reference Cumulative Chapter

1-2

4%

16%

3-5

4%

20%

6-7

UNIT 2 Chapter 3: Energy Exchange in Turbomachines Page: 41 49 Page: 49-64

The Euler Turbine Equation; Fluid Energy Changes;

4%

4%

8-9

10-11 Page: 64-70 12-13 14-16 --

Impulse and Reaction; Turbines, utilization factor; problems Radial and Axial Flow Compressors and pumps; Problems Axial and Radial Flow Turbines Problems

4% 4% 4% 4%

8% 12% 16% 20%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

11

ME
UNIT 5 Chapter 7: Hydraulic Turbines Page: 258-263 Hydraulic power utilization; Hydrograph and water power; Classification of water turbines; Classification of water turbines; Pelton wheel; velocity triangles; Turbine efficiency and volumetric efficiency; Pelton wheel; velocity triangles; Turbine efficiency and volumetric efficiency; Working proportions of Pelton wheel; Francis and Deriaz Turbines; Velocity triangles and efficiencies; Design of Francis Turbine; Problems Draft tube; Problems Propeller and Kaplan Turbine; Problems

17

4%

32%

18

Page: 263-271

4%

34%

19 21 22

Page: 271-282 Page: 283-287 Page: 287-291

4% 2% 4%

36% 38% 42%

23

UNIT 5 Chapter 8: Centrifugal The Centrifugal pump; Some definitions Pumps and Axial Flow Pumps Page: 301-304 Pump output and efficiencies; multistage centrifugal pumps; problems axial flow pump; problems

4%

44%

24-25 Page: 304-315 26 Page: 315-319

6% 2%

48% 50%

Text Books: 1. An Introduction to Energy Conversion, Volume 3 Turbomachinery, V.Kadambi and Manohar Prasad, New Age International Publishers, 2004 2. Principles of Turbomachinery- D.G.Shepherd, The Macmillan company (1964)

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

12

ME
TURBOMACHINES
Subject Code:10ME253
Class Chapter Title / Reference Chapter

Faculty: Prof. JPK


Topics to be covered

No. of Hours: 52
% of portions covered Reference Cumulative Chapter 2% 2%

2-3 4-5 6-8 7

UNIT 1 The Turbomachine; Positive Chapter 1: Principles displacement machines and of Turbomachinery turbomachines; Page: 1-6 Static and stagnation states; Application of first and second Page:6-20 laws to turbomachines; Efficiency of turbomachines Performance characteristics Page:20-32 and dimensional analysis Page: 32-41 Problems UNIT 3 Chapter 4: Flow Introduction; Steady flow through nozzles through nozzles; and blade passages Page: 76-81 Area changes in one dimensional isentropic flow; Page: 89-97 Effects of friction in flow passages; problems Characteristics of convergentdivergent nozzles; Flow of wet steam through nozzles; Illustrative examples Diffusers; problems Impulse Staging; Velocity and Pressure Compounding; Effects of blade and nozzle losses; Reaction Staging; Problems
IV Sem (Autonomous)

4% 4% 2% 2%

6% 10% 12% 22%

2%

24%

9-10 11 12-13 14-15 16

Page: 97106 Page:106-108 UNIT 3 Chapter 5: Steam and Gas Turbines Page: 113-118 Page: 118-128 Page:133-135

4% 2% 2% 2% 2%

28% 30% 26% 28% 30%


13

PESIT, Dept. of ME

ME
17 UNIT 4 Chapter 6: Rotary Fans; Blowers and Compressors Page: 203-208 Page: 208-212 Page: 212-217 Introduction; Centrifugal Blower; Types of vane shape; Size and speed of machine; Vane shape and efficiency; Vane shape and stresses; Vane shape and characteristics; Actual performance characteristics; Slip coefficient; Fan laws and characteristics; Centrifugal compressor, performance of centrifugal compressor, compressibility and pre-whirl; Axial flow compressor; Compressor cascade performance; Axial flow compressor performance; Preheat in compressors. 2% 34%

18-19 20-22

4% 2%

40% 42%

23-24

Page: 217-229

2%

46%

25-26

Page: 233-248

4%

50%

Text Books : 1. An Introduction to Energy Conversion, Volume 3 Turbomachinery, V.Kadambi and Manohar Prasad, New Age International Publishers, 2004 2. Principles of Turbomachinery- D.G.Shepherd, The Macmillan company (1964)

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

14

ME
METAL FORMING AND MACHINING PROCES
Subject Code: 10ME254
Class Chapter Title / Reference Literature

Faculty: Prof. TPR /Prof. AA


Portions to be Covered Introduction to metal cutting, basic elements of machining, orthogonal and oblique cutting, classification of cutting tools, Principal angles of single point tools, tool signature, reference planes, tool geometry in coordinate system, interrelationship between ASA and ORS systems, chip formation, types of chips, chip thickness ratio, chip control and chip breakers, velocity relationships, force relationships in orthogonal cutting, forces on a single point tool in turning, stress strain in the chip, work done in cutting, horse power calculation, ERNST- merchant cutting theorem, cutting speed, feed and depth of cut, sources of heat in metal cutting Numerical Problems. Tool failure, mechanism of wear, tool life, factors affecting tool life, characteristics of cutting tool materials, types of cutting tool materials, machinability, machinability index, numerical problems Introduction to lathe, taper turning calculations, screw cutting calculations, operations on lathe, speed, feed and depth of cut calculations for lathe operations, estimating machining time. Introduction to drilling, tools for
IV Sem (Autonomous)

No. of Hours: 39
% Portions Covered Reference Cumulative Chapter

19

Chapter: 1 Fundamentals of Metal Cutting

25%

25%

10-14

Chapter : 2 Cutting tools for Machining

10%

35%

15-24

Chapter: 3 Machine tools

25%

60%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

15

ME
drilling, speed, feed and depth of cut calculations for drilling, estimating machining time. Introduction to reaming, shaper machines, quick return mechanism, cutting speed, feed and depth calculations for shaping, estimating machining time. Introduction to milling, cutting speed and feed for milling, estimating machining time, indexing, introduction to grinding. Chapter : 4
25-32 Various metal removal operations Broaching Process, Machines, Techniques., Grinding process Introduction, Grinding Machines, Grinding wheels. Honing, Lapping, Super finishing and Burnishing Machines, Methods. Process, Applications, Advantages and Disadvantages of Electrical Discharge Machining, Electrochemical machining, Ultrasonic machining, Abrasive Jet machining, Laser Beam Machining, Numerical Problems. 85%

25 %

33-39

Chapter 5:
Non Traditional Machining

15%

100%

Text Book: 1. Workshop Technology, Volume II (Machine tools) by B S Raghuwanshi, 2003 Edition, Dhanpat Rai and Sons. 2. Manufacturing Science by Amitabha Ghosh, Ashok Kumar Mallik, 2004 Edition, East West Press.

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

16

ME
MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Subject Code: 10ME255
Chapter Title / Class Reference Literature

Faculty: Mr. CKS


Portions to be Covered Introduction, the significance of mechanical measurements, fundamental methods of measurements, the generalized measuring system, calibration, types of input quantities, standards, dimensions and unit of measurement, certainty/uncertainty, recording results. Introduction, legal status of the standards of measurement, the metric system, the standard of length, the standard of mass, time and frequency standards, temperature standards, electrical units. Introduction, problems in dimensional measurements, gage blocks, assembling gage block stacks, surface plates, temperature problems, use of gage blocks with special accessories, use of comparators, optical methods, monochromatic light, optical flats, interferometer, measuring microscopes, displacement transducers, surface roughness. Introduction, the electronic counter, analog electric meter indicators, meters with electronic amplification, digital read out meters, cathode ray oscilloscope, CRO recording techniques, oscillographs, galvanometer theory, X-Y plotter, the spectrum analyzer.
IV Sem (Autonomous)

No. of Hours: 39
% Portions Covered Reference CumulaChapter tive

Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Technical Measurement 1-8 Chapter 2: Standards and Dimensional units of Measurement

20%

20%

Chapter 3: Displacement and Dimensional Measurements 9-16

20%

40%

Chapter 4: Readout and Data Processing

PESIT, Dept. of ME

17

ME
Introduction, loading a signal source, the secondary transducer, classification of first stage transducer, variable resistance transducer elements, sliding contact devices, the resistance gage, thermistors, the thermocouple, variable transducer elements, the differential transducer, variable reluctance transducer, capacitive transducers, piezo type sensors, photo electric transducer, semiconductor sensors, light detecting transducers, hall effect sensors. Introduction, Use of biomaterials, pressure thermometers, thermoelectric thermometry, thermo resistive elements, thermocouples, the linear quartz thermometer, pyrometry, other methods of temperature indication, measurement of heat flux. Introduction, static and dynamic pressures, pressure measuring systems, pressure measuring transducers, gravitational type transducers, elastic type transducers, elastic diaphragms, strain gage pressure cells, measurement of high pressures, measurement of low pressures, dynamic characteristics of pressure measuring systems, calibration methods.

17-24

Chapter 5: Sensors

20%

60%

Chapter 6: Temperature measurements

25-32 Chapter 7: Measurement of pressure

20%

80%

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

18

ME
Introduction, strain measurement, electrical type strain gages, the electrical resistance strain gage, the metallic resistance strain gage, selection and installation factors for bonded metallic strain gage, the strain gage ballast circuit, the strain gage bridge circuit, temperature compensation, calibration, the semiconductor or piezoelectric strain gage, strain gage, switching, use of strain gages on rotating shaft, stress strain relations. Introduction, measuring methods, mechanical weighing machine, elastic transducers, strain gage load cells, piezo type load cells, ballistic weighing, hydraulic and pneumatic systems, torque measurements, torque measurements, transmission dynamometers, combined force and moment measurement.

Chapter 8: Strain and stress measurement 32-39

20%

100%

Chapter 9: Force, torque and strain measurements

Text Book : 1. Mechanical Measurements, Thomas G. Beckwith, Pearson Education, 5th Edition.

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

19

ME
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION & TESTING LABORATORY
Subject Code: 10ME256
Experiment # 1 2&3 4 7 11& 9 13 10 11 12 5 14 8

Faculty: Prof. SVV


Description

No. of Hours: 13
Class # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Introduction Cycle I Tension Test Izod Impact Test & Rockwell Hardness Test Torsion test Shear Test Wear Test & Vickers Hardness Test Fatigue Test Cycle II Bending test Charpy Impact test Brinell Hardness test Compression test Non-destructive test Preparation of Specimen for Metallographic Examination.

Reference:Manual prepared by the college.

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

20

ME
MANUFACTURING PROCESS LABORATORY II
Subject Code: 10ME258 Faculty: Prof. NRM No. of Hours: 13

Sl. No.

List of experiments PART-A : Preparation of Models on Lathe Machine

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

MODEL 1 Plain Turning MODEL 2 Taper Turning MODEL 3 Step Turning, Knurling MODEL 4 Thread Cutting, Knurling MODEL 5 Facing, Chamfering MODEL 6 Drilling using Lathe Machine MODEL 7 Eccentric turning PART-B : Preparation of Models on Shaping Machine MODEL 8 - Rectangular Block MODEL 9 - Cutting of V-groove MODEL 10 - Rectangular groove PART C : Preparation of Models on Milling Machine

11.

MODEL 11 - Spur Gear Teeth cutting

Reference Material Lab Manual Prepared by the department

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

21

ME
COMPUTER AIDED MACHINE DRAWING LABORATORY
Subject Code: 10ME206 Faculty: Prof. KM No. of Hours: 13

UNIT I CAD Packages: Introduction to CAD Tools Orthographic View of Machine Parts using CAD tool Rivets and Riveted Joints Single Riveted, Double Riveted (Chain Riveting only) Lap joint, and Butt joint (Single and Double Cover Plates) UNIT II Assembly of Couplings: Solid Muff Coupling Flanged Coupling (protected type) Universal Coupling UNIT III Assembly Drawings Three views of ISO threaded Hexagonal Bolt, Nut, and Washer Flanged Coupling (Unprotected) Knuckle Joint Screw Jack Plummer Block Reference Books 1. 2. Machine Drawing by K.R.Gopalakrishna, 5th edition, Subhash Publications 2003. A text book of Engineering Graphics by K.R.Goplakrishna, Subhas Publications, 2003

PESIT, Dept. of ME

IV Sem (Autonomous)

22