# Redistricting Riverdale Park after the 2010 Census

12/17/2012 Alan K. Thompson, Ward 2

Dividing the Town into Wards
• • •
After each census, the Town is required to review the wards and ensure that they have approximately equal populations Federal courts have found that (for state-level legislative districts) a population range of up to 10 % between districts is allowed, if (and only if) there is a compelling reason. Preview: we aren’t there with the current wards.

Calculating number of residents in each Ward
• • • •
Census data is provided at “block level.” A “census block” is (usually) a piece of land bounded by streets, water, or other barriers to pedestrians. There are 196 census blocks in town (80 with residents). There are 6956 people in town. The census gives us the number of housing units and number of residents for each census block.

Example Census Blocks

Census block problems
• They don’t match our ideas of how wards
should be built.

• Some of them have more than one ward’s
blocks in some sensible way.

worth of residents in them (the block that contains Ward 5 has 1918 residents).

• This means we have to be able to split census

County/SDAT data
• The State Department of Assesments and
Taxation (SDAT) and Prince George’s county have extensive data on property.

• This data can be combined with census
blocks to build wards.

data to provide an estimate of residents for each address.

• With combined data, we can split census

PGAtlas Map

• • • • •

Generate list of properties with residences. Determine number of housing units for each property in list (apartments issue). Assign each property in list to census block. Divide residents in each census block by number of housing units to get block-averaged residents per housing unit. Associate block-average residents with each property in block.

Issues with estimates
• Census “housing units” and SDAT “housing
units” didn’t always match. units.

• “Fractional residents” in most housing • Both census and SDAT data had issues.

Existing Wards
As created in 2003

Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6

1219.74 1029.98 1128.97 1199.98 1174.15 1203.18

Existing Wards

Principles for Wards
• (These are mostly from the 2003
redistricting)

• Contiguous and compact • Able to easily walk through a Ward without
walking through another

• Minimize number of major barriers (RR

tracks, river, major streets) splitting wards

Redrawing principles
• Start from existing wards and adjust. • Ward 1 should be made as small as

practical because of expected population increases over the next decade (EYA/ Cafritz).

Proposed Redraw
• • • •
4700 blocks of Ravenswood, Rittenhouse moved from Ward 1 to Ward 2 4700 Block of Oglethorpe consolidated into Ward 3 (north side currently Ward 1) 54th between Riverdale and East-West consolidated into Ward 2 (east side currently Ward 4) Single-family houses on SE corner of Riverdale Road and 54th moved from Ward 4 to Ward 2

New (proposed) Wards
Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 1122.13 1125.84 1155.33 1175.42 1174.15 1203.21

Questions?