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T DIAGNOSIS ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/13 ASSIGNMENT 01 INSTRUCTIONS (1) (2) (3) (4) This assignment is based on course material presented in Units 01, 02 & 03. Answer all questions. Write your registration number clearly on your answer script. Send your answer script under registered cover to the address given below or insert it to the assignment box available at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nawala. THE COURSE COORDINATOR IN MEX 4272, DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, THE OPEN UNIVERSITY OF SRI LANKA, P.O. BOX 21, NAWALA, NUGEGODA. (5) (6) Last date of submission: Please refer the Course Information Sheet. No late submissions will be accepted.

QUESTION 01 (i) Determine an expression for the natural frequency of the mass m shown in Fig. Q1(a). Assume that the pulley has negligible mass, that the cord does not stretch or slip on the pulley, and that it is always in tension.




k2 m

Fig. Q1(a) 1

(ii) Determine an expression for the natural frequency of the system shown in Fig. Q1(b) for small amplitudes of vibration. Assume that the mass of the rod is negligible. If m, k1, k2 and (a + b) are all fixed, specify the value of the dimension a at which the system is no longer stable (or at which the system will not vibrate). m b k1 k2

Fig. Q1(b)

QUESTION 02 Fig. Q2 shows a uniform beam of length 2a and mass m, supported horizontally by two equal springs, each of stiffness k , at points distant a1 and a2 from the middle. Derive the frequency equation giving two frequencies for small oscillations in the vertical plane. Show that the two frequencies are equal, if a = 3a1 = 3a 2 . 2a a1 G k k a2

Fig. Q2

QUESTION 03 Fig. Q3 shows a damped simple oscillator consisting of a mass m, spring of stiffness k and a damper of damping constant b. The mass is subjected to a linear displacement x. Answer the following questions. (i) Draw a free body diagram of the oscillator and determine the equations of motion. (ii) If m = 1 kg and k = 100 N/m, derive expressions for the free response of the system for the following three cases. (a) b = 40 Ns/m (b) b = 20 Ns/m (c) b = 16 Ns/m

& Assume that the initial conditions are: x(0) = 2 units , x (0) = 0.

k m

b Fig. Q3

QUESTION 04 Obtain the time response of the dynamic system described by the differential equation d2y dy + 3 + 3y = x 2 dt dt

where x (input) = sin 3t and y(0) = 0 and y (0) = 0 , by the following methods. (i) Solution using Laplace Transforms (ii) Direct solution (in the time domain) Show the following components of the total response separately. (a) Homogeneous solution and particular integral. (b) Free response and forced response. (c) Initial condition response and zero-initial condition response. .

QUESTION 05 A heavy machine, weighing 3000 N, is supported on a resilient foundation. The static deflection of the foundation due to the weight of the machine is found to be 75 mm. It is observed that the machine vibrates with an amplitude of 10 mm when the base of the foundation is subjected to harmonic oscillations at the undamped natural frequency of the system with an amplitude of 2.5 mm. Determine the following. (i) (ii) (iii) Damping constant of the foundation Dynamic force amplitude on the base Amplitude of the displacement of the machine relative to the base.