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6M-79 26 APRIL 1979
This non-Government document was adopted on 26 April 1979 and is approved for use by the DoD and Federal Agencies. Metric heavy hex bolts shall conform t o this document and Appendix III. which establishes standard items for Government application. Appendix III, Table 4 shall be used for item selection in accordance with the part numbering system and size information contained therein. The indicated industry group has furnished the clearances required by existing regulations. Copies of the document are stocked by DoD Single Stock Point, Naval Publications and Forms Center, Philadelphia, PA, 19120, for issue to DoD activities and Federal Agencies only. Contractors and industry groups must obtain copies directly from: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers United Engineering Center, 345 E. 47th Street New York, NY 10017 or The American National Standards Institute 1430 Broadway,New York, NY 10018 Document: of Title
Bolt, Heavy Hex - Metric
ANSI Document No.: 26 Date of Specific Issue Adopted: Releasing Industry Group: The Custodians: Army - AR Navy - AS Air Force - 99 Review Activities: Army - AV,hlI, ER Naky - MC DLA - IS NSA - NS Civil Agencies: GSA-FSS
April 1979 American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Military Coordinating Activity Army - AR (Project 5306-06:! 1) User Activities: Army - ME, AT Navy - SH
NOTICE: When reaffirmation, amendment, revision, or cancellation of this standard is initially proposed, the industry group responsible for this standard shall inform the Military Coordinating Activity of the proposed action and request their participation.
No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Date of Issuance: August 31, 1979
Copyright 0 1 9 7 9 by THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS All Rights Reserved
THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS
COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services
2. 10017 April 1981 .6M-1979 METRIC HEAVY HEX BOLTS Page 2. for MATERIAL AND FINISH CODE A and B. 13M Page 9. New York.1 pm THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS 345 East 47 Street. 13 to read B l .3. change B l . Note 18. change 0. N.005 mm to read 5. f COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .Y.ERRATA to ANSI B18.
1 O 0 1 7 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .6M . Heavy Hex Metric - SECRETARIAT SOCIETY OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PUBLISHED BY T H EA M E R I C A NS O C I E T Y United Engineering Center OF M E C H A N I C A L ENGINEERS 3 4 5 East 47th Street York. New N.2.1979 Government Key Words: Bolt. Y.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Metric Heavy Hex Bolts ANSI B18.3.
Philadelphia.: Date of Specific Issue Adopted: Releasing Industry Group: Custodians: Army . 47th Street New York. AT Navy . of Title ANSI Document No. MI.99 Review Activities: Army . for issue to DoD activities and Federal Agencies only. the industry group responsible for this standard shall inform the Military Coordinating Activity of the proposed action an'd request their participation.S.3. Copies of the document are stocked by DoD Single Stock Point.A.2.2. piëZiZ1 No part of this document may be reproduced in any form. amendment.AR (Project 5306-0621) User Activities: A m y . ER Navy .3. Heavy Hex .NS Civil Agencies: GSA-FSS NOTICE: When reaffirmation.ME. 19120. Table 4 shall be used for item selection in accordance with the part numbering system and size information contained therein.NewYork.SH .IS NSA -.6M 77 M 0757670 0043325 O W ANSI B18. revision. which establishes standard items for Government application.MC DLA .ASME BLB*2.1979 THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL All Rights Reserved Printed in U. Copyright @ 1979 by ENGINEERS COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . NY 10018 Document: Bolt. Contractors and industry groups must obtain copies directly from: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers United Engineering Center.AV. in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise.Metric ANSI B18.6M-1979 26 April 1979 The American Society ofMechanical Engineers Military Coordinating Activity Army . 10017 NY or The American National Standards Institute 1430 Broadway. PA. The indicated industry group has furnished the clearances required by existing regulations.6M-79 26 APRIL 1979 ACCEPTANCE NOTICE This non-Government document was adopted on 26 April 1979 and is approved for use by the DoD and Federal Agencies. Date of Issuance: August 31. without the prior written permission of the publisher.AR Navy .AS Air Force . Appendix III.3. or cancellation of this standard is initially proposed. 345 E. Naval Publications and Forms Center. Metric heavy hex bolts shall conform to this document and Appendix III.
1978. Committee B18 established a cooperative program with the Department of Defense to draft American National Standards for metric fasteners in such a way that they could be used directly by the Government for procurement purposes. Subcommittee 2 was subsequently established and charged with the responsibility for technical content of standards covering wrench head bolts and nuts.1978. and was subsequently approved by the secretariat and submitted to the American National Standards Institute for designation as an American National Standard. This standard was approved by letter ballot of Committee B18 o n September 15. and Subcommittee 2 accepted this approach a t its meeting on June 27. screws. nuts. 1977 and drafting of this standard was started. Committee B18 authorized preparation of a series of standards for metric fasteners. At a meeting on September 22. 1976. The Department of Defense requested that each of theeight products be covered in separate standards.). At its meeting on December 4. In February 1978. final actions were taken. the American National Standards Institute.thenthe United States of American Standards Institute and. At ISO/TC2 meetings held in April 1977. as Sectional CommitteeB18 under the aegis of the American Engineering Standards Committee (later the American Standards Association. This was granted onApril 26. screws and nuts. withtheSociety of Automotive Engineers andthe American Society of Mechanical Engineers as joint sponsors. 1979. Subcommittee 2 was assigned responsibility for developing standards for metric hex bolts. rivets and similar fasteners was organized in March 1922. 1974. Subcommittee 2 clrganized the contents of a standard covering eight different hex head screw and bolt products. as of October 6. Actual drafting was postponed until ISOITC2 could reach final decisions relating to basic dimensions and characteristics of hex bolts. Inc.FOREWORD American National Standards Committee B18 for the standardization of bolts. iii " : COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . screws and nuts.Committee B18 affirmedtheTC2decisionsata meeting on June 29. 1969.
Inc. Milwaukee. WASHERS AND SIMILAR FASTENERS OFFICERS R. Ingersoll. Illinois R. R. Alternate. B. Secretary COMMITTEE PERSONNEL AMLtRICAN CHAIN ASSOCIATION L. Heldman. Alternate.B. Rock Falls. Adams. Kelly. Bellas. Burdsall & Ward. Alternate. Williams Company. Michigan C. P. THE A. Jr. B. Armco Steel Corporation. Wagner. Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company. H. <. The Lamson & Sessions Company. Illinois AMKRICAN HARDWARI: MANUb'ACTURERS ASSOCIATION Donald Wanek. P. J. Jenkintown. Bethlehem Steel Corporation. Massachusetts iv i COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . T. Inc. West Hartford. Cunmins Engine Company. Kansas City. New York INDUSTRIAL I'ASTIINERS INSTITUTE R. RIVETS. Breed. Connecticut Jack Shugart. Illinois D. Wisconsin AMI<RICANINSTITUTE 0 : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS 1 R. McCullough. Indianapolis. Derner. Rockford. Hitchcock Publishing Company. Buffalo. R. Illinois R. €manuell. St. Industrial 1:asteners Institute.. Missouri N. R. Kochester. Indiana I:ARM & INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT INSTITUTE E. Friesth. Ohio A. hientor. Levy. Inc. Moline Malleable Iron Company.. Greenfield Tap & Die.Illinois D. F. Burdsdll &Ward. E. R. Rockford Products Corporation. Illinois Tool Works. Elgin. Lebanon.. Friesth. Vice-chairman H. Illinois 1 AMERLCAN SOCII<TY0 : MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Holo-Krome Company. W. Lebanon. W.. Illinois AMERICAN SOCIKTY 0 : AGRICULTURAL ENGINEISRS 1 E. J.. New York F. California R.M Technical Center. Harris. Pennsylvania E. Illinois HAND TOOLS INSTITUTE C. M. R. Belford. P. Moline. Warren. Russell. Ohio METAL CUTTING TOOL INSTITUTE D. Trowbrìdge. Pennsylvania ANTI-I'RICTION BEARING MANUI'ACTURERS ASSOCIATION W. Virginia K. Hampel. SPS Technologies. Naylor. Columbus.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS COMMITTEE B18 STANDARDIZATION OF BOLTS. Ling. E. Groover. Cleveland. SCREWS. D. Bethlehem Steel Company. NUTS. Inc. Garrison. R. Illinois Tool Works. Cleveland. P. Indiana BNGINI: MANUI'ACTURERS ASSOCIATION K. Machel/. Ohio D. A. Wheaton. Alternate. Alternate. Russell. ]. Newport News. J . Wheeler. Greenfield. Pennsylvania F.MC Corporation. Xerox Corporation. Charles. Moline. h e r e & Company. Desert Hot Springs. Muenchìnger. Chairman J. vice-chairman Richard McGinnis. G. Elgin. J. Deere & Company. Trowbridge. Tisch. Wrought Washer Manufacturing Company.
Sjoberg.Cunnecticut Jack Trilling. US. E. Pennsylvania U.'ENSI< € / i Schwartz. Microdot Inc. Marion.Coernand. Wisconsin U. Army Armament R E'D. Parker-Kalon. Dover. Rockford.. Philadelphia. Massachusetts Louis Zanin. R. O. Ohio J. IBM Corporaticn.. Continental Screw Company. Muenchinger. GM lngineering Standards Sebion. Detroit. Piorrowski. 1. Screw Service Bureau. lllinois Pauf Foytho.S. Pheoll Manul'xturing Company. R. Clark Equipment Company. Zeratsky. New Vork F. -M. C.'TH1 NAVY J. . MACHINE CAP WOOD & TAPPING SCWW BUREAUS ' S. Boulder. E.Rennsylvmia . Illinois . ' R. Eaton. Alternate. THE A R M Y 1 M. Mallen. Cowlin. J. Great Lakes Screw.Dover.New43edford. E. Mahwah. Parker-Kalon.S. Weingruber.W. Department of the Navy.New Jersey SOCIETY 0 . Adamek. AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERS 1 H. Mack Trucks. D. New Jerscy Allen Herskovitz. Inc. Valley Bolt Company. BattleCrwk. Ringland. Orysh. Canton. F. . DI:PARTMl<NT 0 : THE AIR I:ORCI< 1 To be appointed . C. Michigan INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS C.Iar. Campbe~hille. W. Haefeli..S. S. Harvey Hubbel. IHinois R. Warren. G. 1:erry Screw Products Company. Defense Industrial Supply Center. National Electrical fdanufactllrms Association. B. Colurn. Levy. Connecticut COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . Hinudale.. Agnew.S. Reed & Prince Manufacturing Company. New York T. Badgley. Mingo Junction. Colorado J.F. Franklin. Taylor. Brid~eport. TEL1. Alternate. Vial. Tornow. S. Elco Industries. USM Corporation. Washington. TihiIade!phia-. U. Defense Industrial Supply Center. Illinois R.CLeveland.. Washington. . Seymour. Kenlucky R. Columbus. Worcester.ord Motor Company. Army Armament R & D Command. K. Michkan R. ¡:airfield..S.C. Pennsylvania f . Westinghouse Electric Corporatian.liUnois D.-Pennsylvania Lewis fieninck. R. N. Cummings. D. Bell Laboratories. Chicago. Otis Elevator Company. lowit F. New Jersey U. Carter. Michigan .Plttstrgh. DlPARTMENT OI. Jr. INC. Schaening. I. D1:PARTMENT 0 . R.PHONIC CROUP R.NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANU1:ACTURERS ASSOTlATIQN J. D. Alternate. International Harvester Company. H. Ohio E. Ruff. sertoia. CampbeUsville. Alternate. Dearborn. M. Department of the Navy.Ottio TUBULAR RIVET & MACHINE INSTITUTE J. The Allen Manufacturing Company. Chicago. US. U.. NATIONAL ELEVATOR INDUSTRY. F.. G. E. Dic. DI'PARTMENT 01"DI:I. W.Massachusetts K. Alternate. S.S. Pennsylvania U. Byrne.n:Michi&n R. The Ohio N u t &Washer Company. Ferry.. Chrysler Corporation. Kentucky ' H. Graves. National Rivet & Manufacturing Cbmpany. Ohio Casey Gordon. Western Electric Company.- . Michigan. Inc. W. Michigan SOCKET SCKI'W PRODUCTS BUREAU E. Warre. New York. J.fnc.tTurB. Jr. Allentown. A. Bell Laboratories..Waupun. 1i. GM Corporation.Connecticut INDIVIDUAL COMPANIES D. Chicago. Morse. Troy. Ohio H. Schenectady. Inc. Kitzantides. Ellison. Philadelphia. General Electric Company.bus. Alternate.
Chairman. Indiana L. Philadelphia. Philadelphia. Belford. D. Cleveland. Garrison. Graues. Schaening. F. General Electric Company. Indiana D. Adamek. Pittsburgh. General Motors Corporation..PERSONNEL OF SUBCOMMITTEE NO. Army Armament R & D Command. Defense !ndustrial Supply Center. Ohio R. Continental Screw Company. Schenectady. Warren. Battle Creek. Alternate. Nagy. Ohio S. Rochester. Columbus. Badgley. Illinois F. T. Dearborn. f . The Lamson & Sessions Company. General Motors Corporation. Industrial Fasteners Instifute. Inc. Hinsdale. Michigan R R. McCullough. Ohio A. f. Hamilton. J. Ltd. Levy. Burdsall& Ward Inc. Michigan A. Connecticut R. Chicago. Russell. Rock t:alls. Kansas City. Warren. Byme.. f. Cleveland. SPS Technologies. East Peoria. Jr. Ontario. Michigan Lou Strang. A. Burdsall & Ward. f. New Bedford. U.. B. R. N. Illinois R. New York K. Xerox Corporation. I:ord Motor Company. Massachusetts J. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. C. Mohne. International Harvester Company. Illinois W. A. FMC Corporation. Harris. Derner. Clark Equipment Company. M. P. Federal Screw Works. C. G. Indianapolis. Pennsylvania J. Russell. Wheeler. M. Deere & Company. Mentor. Bell Telephone Laboratories. Vacca. New York Art Clever. Pennsylvania F. Defense Industrial Supply Center. I:airfield. Pennsylvania D. Michigan 1. Illinois M. Michigan P. Jenkintown. New York D. F. Park. Secretary. Muenchinger. New Jersey R. Pennsylvania J. New York. Trowbridge. 2 SQUARE AND HEX BOLTS AND NUTS R. Lebanon. The SteeI Company of Canada. Breed. Missouri Tony Nebesney. Pieninck. Armco Steel Corporation. Pennsylvania vi COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . Pheoll Manufacturing Company. Machel/. Indianapolis.. Bethlehem Steel Corporation. PMC Corporation. D. Canada C.S. Weingruber. Dover. Inc. R. M. B. Ohio H. Lipari. Caterpillar Tractor Company. Baustert.. U. Alternate. Detroit. Illinois . McMurray. Screw Service Bureau. G. Taylor.S. Sjoberg.
. . . ... . . . . .CONTENTS Page GeneralData . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. .. . ... . . ... . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . Appendixes 4 5 5 10 Appendix 1 Bolt Straightness Referee Gage and Gaging Procedure. . 2. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . 1 Tables .. .. . 6 7 8 vü COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . .. . . . . . . . . .Standard Sizes For Government Use . . . . . 1. .. . . . . . . 4.. . .. .. . . . . .. . I1 III .. . . .. . .. . .... . 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . Metric Heavy Hex Bolts . . .... . . .. . . . . . ... . . .. .. . .. . Recommended Clearance Holes For Bolts . .... .. ... . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . .. .. LengthTolerances. . . . . . . . . . Dimensions of Reduced Body Diameter. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... . . ..... . . . . . . Dimensions of Heavy Hex Bolts. . . ... . . . . .. Government Standard Items and Part Numbering System .. .
Availability.2. body diameters. 3 Dimensions . 2 2 Letter symbols designatingdimensional charac. except capitals have been used for data processing convenience instead of lower case letters used in IS0 standards. The top of head shall be full form and chamfered or rounded. However. standard for heavy hex bolts.5-1973.2. Comparison With IS0 Standards M24 are standard only in lengths longer than 150 mm or IOD.” 1 2 The inclusion of dimensional data in this standard . heavy hex screws in conformance with ANSI B18.formed hex.ANSI 818. 21 IS0 has not yet initiated development of an IS0 . Heavy hex bolts in sizesM12 thru 1..1 This standard covers the complete general and dimensional data for metric heavy hex bolts recognized as “American National Standard. Bearing Surface. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning lists of stock production heavy hex bolts. The head height is the distance. at manufacturer’s option. 13 Heavy hex bolts purchased for Government use . . i. Scope 1. 11. from the top of the head to the under head bearing surface. and additionally to the requirements of Appendix III. in accord with American National Standard. 31 All dimensions i this standard are in millimeters. 7. 5. measured at a corner of the hex. as measured parallel to the axis of the bolf. ANSI Y14. Dimensioning and Tolerancing. the plane closest to the top of head at which the widthacross corners of the hex is within its specified limits. Top of Head. shall conform to this standard. HeadHeight. whichever is shorter. head heights. thread lengths. Corner Fill. The wrenching height is the distance. When shorter lengths of these sizes are ordered. n unless stated otherwise.e. The rounding due to lack of f at the d six comers of the head shall be reasonably uniform. Wrenching Height. 8. True Position of Head. thread dimensions and nominal lengths are in accord with IS0 standards for related hex screws and bolts. is not intended to imply that all of the sizes in conjunction with the various options described herein are stock production items. a die seam across the bearing face shall be permissible. The bearing surface shall be reasonably flat. heavy hex screws maybe substituted for any diameterlength combination. Bolts need not be finished on any surface except the threads. from the plane of the bearing surface to the last plane of full .3M are normally supplied. Heavy hex bolts in sizes M30 and M36 are standard in all lengths. However. The axis of the hex head shall be located at true position with respect to the axis of the bolt (determined over a distance under the head equal to one bolt diameter) within a tolerance zone of diameter equal to 6 percent of the specified maximum width across flats.3.3.6M-1979 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX BOLTS GENERAL DATA 4. 2. 3 2 Symbols specifying geometric characteristics are . 1 IO. 6. teristics are in accord with those usedin IS0 standards. nominal diameters and thread pitches. 9. The diameter of the chamfer circle or the start of rounding shall be equal to the maximum width across flats within a tolerance of minus 15 percent. Bearing surface shall be COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . Surface Condition. however. widths across flats.
.008 mm/mm of bolt length for bolts having nominal lengths over 300 mm to 600 mm. and B plus 3%thread pitches for sizes larger than M24 shall be threaded full length. The referee gage and gaging procedure for checking bolt straightness is given in Appendix I. is the distance measured parallel to the axis of bolt. is a reference dimension.25 mm for M16 1. (Lg max = L .B). The class 6g tolerance shall apply to plainfinish (unplated or uncoated) bolts.4 Incomplete Thread Diameter. B. 17. the distance from the bearing surface of the head to the face of a noncounterbored or noncountersunk standard GO thread ring gage assembled by hand as far as the thread will permit. When a shoulder is supplied. 14. B. and 3%thread pitches for sizes largerthan M24. plus a length of 2%thread pitches for sizes up to and including M24. 12.4. and 2 deg for sizes larger than M24. the body diameter shall be within the limifs specified in Table 2. as calculated and rounded to one decimal place. Straightness. 17. i. 12.1 Bolts shall be furnished with full diameter body within the limits specified in Table 1 . 16. Where “reduced diameter body” is specified. from the extreme end of the bolt to the last complete (full form) thread. The major diameter of incomplete thread shall not exceed the actual major diameter of the full form thread.3 Bolts may be obtained with “reduced diameter body” if so specified.as specified in Table 1 . Length. 2 .2 Grip Gaging Length.SO mm for M20 thru M30 2.13. The length of the bolt shall be measured parallel to the axis of the bolt from the underside of head to the extreme end of the shank. ThreadLength 17.2 There may be a reasonable swell. 17. its diameter and length shall be as specified in Table 2. The fdlet at junction of head and shank Al bolts of nominal lengths equal to or shorter l than the sum of the basic thread length. Bolts need not be pointed. minus the basic thread length.6M-1979 perpendicular to the axis of the body within a tolerance of 3 deg for sizes M24 and smaller. L. or shallbe threaded to the head unless the purchaser specifies bolts with “reduced diameter body” (12. It represents the minimum design grip length of the bolt shall be used the criterion and as for inspection and for determining thread availability when selecting bolt lengths even though usable threads may extend beyond this point. Fillet. measured parallel to the axis of the bolt. shall be a smooth concave curve within an envelope of R minimum and a radius tangent to the shank and to the underside of the head at a point equal to onehalf of Da maximum from the axis of the bolt. bolts with nominal lengths shorter than 4D are not recommended. Body Diameter 12. Tolerances for bolt lengths are given in Table 3.e. foranybolt length shall be equal to the nominal bolt length.2 thru 17.006 mm/mm of bolt length for bolts having nominal lengths of 300 mm or shorter.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEXBOLTS ANSI B18. 18. as specified in Table 1. Point. or die seam on the body adjacent to the underside of head notto exceed the nominal bolt diameter by the following: 17. shall not exceed the equivalent of 2%thread pitches for sizes up to and including M24. 15.30 mm for M36 12. from the underside of the head to the face of a noncounterbored or noncountersunk standard GO thread ring gage assembled by hand as far as the thread will permit.1 The length of thread on bolts shall be controlled by the grip gaging length Lg max as set forth in 17. and is the distance.3. unless otherwise specified by the purchaser.2.3 Basic Thread Length B. the basic diameters shall apply to bolts after plating or coating. For bolts with additive finish.75 mm for M12 and M14 1.3). Lg max. and within 0. however. 13. Angularity measurement shall be taken at a location to avoid interference from a die seam. Thread Series. The maximum gripgaging length. the 6g diameters may be exceeded by the amount of the allowance. A shoulder under the head may be supplied at option of the manufacturer. Threads shall be metric coarse thread series conforming to dimensions for general purpose external threads given in ANSI B1. Shanks of bolts shall be straight within a maximum camber of 0. 0. fin. and to plated or coated bolts before plating or coating. Forbolts which are threaded full length. COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . intended for calculation purposes only.
unplated or uncoated. Steel bolts shall be marked with the property class symbol and with the manufacturer’s identification symbol. Pennsylvania 15096. seams.0 mm for M16 and larger bolts. screws and bolts shall be supplied with a natural (as processed) finish. Copies of referenced IS0 standards may be obtained from the American National Standards Institute. steel bolts shall conform to the requirements specified in SAE J1199 or ASTM F568.5 x 160.2. and total head height (head plus markings) shall not exceed the specified maximum head height plus 0.3. upon by the manufacturer and the purchaser. Glossary of Terms for Mechanical Fasteners. nominal diameter and threadpitch. ReferencedStandards Copies of referenced ASTM standards may be obtained from the American Society for Testing and Materials.12.M36 x 4 x 80. h .3 mm for M16 and larger bolts above the surface of thehead.6M-1979 19. 22. Designation 26.Warrendale. brass. Heavy hex bolt.g.3 mm for M12 and M14 bolts. ANSI B18. Copies of referenced SAE standards may be obtained from the Society of Automotive Engineers. 3 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .1 Heavy hex bolts shall be designated by the following data. zinc plated. Unless otherwise specified. Terminology.4 mm for M16 and larger bolts. 22.Y. Bolts of other materials such as stainless steel. When raised. bronze and aluminum alloys shall have properties as agreed . such as burrs. loose scale and otherirregularities. Minimum height of property class symbols shall be 3. 1430Broadway. and 0. 10018. steel property class or material identification. Bolts shall not contain an excess 25. where specified. Note It is common practice in IS0 standards to omit thread pitchfrom the productsize designation when screw threads are the metric coarse thread series.New York. Options. Philadelphia. and 0. Unless otherwise specified. 1916 Race Street.2 mm for M12 and M14 bolts. markings shall project not less than 0. .e. nominal length. Identification Symbols.M20 is M20 x 2. 400 Commonwealth Drive. M20 x 2. Clearance Holes. of surface imperfections which might affect their serviceability. Options. refer to American National Standard. Pennsylvania 19103. 23.1 mm for M12 and M14 bolts. if required. Workmanship.5. N. 26.AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX BOLTS ANSI 818. class 4. For defrnitions of terms relating to fastener or component features thereof used in this standard. and protective coating. Examples: Heavy hex bolt. preferably in the sequence shown: product name. and 4. Finish. The recommended sizes of clearance holes in material €obe assembled using heavy hex bolts are the normal series given in Appendix II.2 The Government part numbering system for metric heavy hex bolts is given in Appendix III. 20. laps. Material and Mechanical Properties.. 27. 24. Markingsshallbe located on the top ofthe head and may be raised or recessed unless otherwise ordered by the purchaser. shall be at the discretion of the manufacturerunless otherwise agreed upon by the manufacturer and the purchaser. silicon bronze 26.6.
12 14.6 30 34 38 36 40 44 49 53 57 3 M14x2 M16x2 34.84 37.4 13 0.8 0.75 >200 7.3 65 73 85 97 52 y g 'w 2 2 s CD See Notes 12 .2 6.29 45.84 30.92 Ml2 24.70 13.8 1.3 74 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .40 15.34 57.80 39.20 55.30 21.75 12.7 15.00 20.5 13.25 22.8 8 22.55 7 21.00 23.56 x 1.00 40.VW SEE NOTE CLASS AND MANUIDENTIFICATION ON TOP OF HEAD 17.70 11.00 60.16 29.70 16.00 27.8 10.00 33.00 41.5 M36x4 20.6 0.30 M20 x 2.75 13.0 1.28 8.18 26.16 23.30 15.7 0.4 33.74 69.56 17.51 9.24 8.16 26.9 14.17 29.1 13.00 37.90 19.26 47.95 9.6 0.16 27. SEE NOTE 21 PROPERTY FACTURER’S TO APPEAR SEE NOTE P Table 1 Dimensions S Width Across Flats Corners Min Max Min Max Max E K of Heavy Hex Bolts 6 Wrenching Height Height Min Min Da R Radius of tion Dia Max Fillet Min Thread Fillet TransiHead Bolt Lengths 6 125 B (Refl Length Bolt Lengths > 125 end (Basic) Bolt Lengths D DS Nominal Body Bolt Size & Thread Diameter Width Across Pitch Max Min Q 200 7.4 26.5 M24x3 PA30 x 3.00 19.2 7.72 15.25 10.68 12.37 66.16 24.00 49.0 46 54 66 78 52 60 72 84 17.00 58.00 50.7 17.44 23.78 5.16 35.4 39.0 8.71 31.84 24.
77 14.50 14.0 .5 M24 x 3 11. 4.0 5.2.30 Max Min M12x 1.0 6.2. and Thread Pitch Ds Shoulder Diameter Dsi Body Diameter Lsh Shoulder Length Min Max 12.16 Note: Shoulder is optional.ASME B18.bM 77 Bs 0757670 OOq3135 3 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD METRIC HEAVY HEX BOLTS ANSI B18.70 14.5 6.75 M14 x 2 M16 x 2 M20 x 2.0 8.8 2.16 21.6M-1979 Table 2 Dimensions o Reduced Body Diameter f Nominal Bolt Dia .30 15.0 9.0 4.0 10.0 6.3. Table 3 LengthTolerances Nominal I Nominal Bolt Diameter Length to 50 mm over 50 to 80 mm over 80 to 120 mm over 120 to 180 mm over 180 to 240 mm over 240 mm 1.84 Min Max 10.1 3 13.95 12.0 11.0 All tolerances are plus and minus 5 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .0 12.3.0 5.0 3.0 23.84 24.30 19.5 3.0 7.50 7.0 13.0 18.77 18.70 20.0 4.80 8.49 22.16 10.70 16.68 12.0 4.
Any interference occurring between the product and the gage which is sufficient to prevent rotation shall indicate excessive camber. The product shall then be inserted between rails. The adjustable rail shall then b e locked in place by tightening securing screws. excluding fromthe gage any permissible length of swell or fillet under the head. The products shall be rotatedby hand through full 360 deg.APPENDIX I BOLT STRAIGHTNESS REFEREE GAGE AND GAGING PROCEDURE The conformance of bolts to shank straightness or camber limitations set forth in the respective product standards shall bechecked by using the gage illustrated below in accordance with the following procedure: Allowable total camber on the product to be inspected shall be calculated by multiplying the specified permissible camber per mm of length by the product length expressedas a one place decimal. The total camber thus derived shall be added to the specified maximum body diameter exclusive of allowance for swell or fin under head and the adjustable rail of gage shall be adjusted to provide a parallel space between the rails equal to this distance by obtaining common readings on both micrometer heads. TYPICAL STRAIGHTNESS GAGE 7 ADJUSTABLE \ RAIL REVERSE READING MICROMETER HEADS SECURING SCREWS \ \ . r 7 \ 2 TIMES BASIC BOLT DIAMETER 6 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .
Normal clearance hole sizes are preferred for generalpurposeapplications.andshouldbe specified unless special design considerations dictate the need for either a close or loose clearance hole.4 mm for boltdizmeters M20 thru M36.5 17. CloseClearance. Loose Clearance M12 x 1.5 13.g.0 14. 60 33. wall thickness or other limitations necessitate use of a minimal hole.5 16. ters given in thetableare minimum sizes. When close clearance holes arespecified. is 4 RecommendedTolarances.0 15.i A S N E B 1 8 . countersinking) must provideda t the be bolt entry side t c permit proper seating of the bolt head.5 3 3.5 2 .Closeclearance hole sizes shouldbe specified only where conditions such as critical alignment of assembled parts.0 Notes: 1.0 2..0 39.0 28.b H7 7 H 075. Loose clearance hole sizes should be specified only for applications where maximum adjustment capability between components being assembled necessary. Recommended tolerances are plus 0 3 mm for bolt diameters M12 thru . Thread Pitch - Close Clearance Normal Clearance (Preferrd.Theclearance hole diame.5 4 24. Normal Clearance. 7 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services . Loose Clearance.75 M14 x 2 M16 x 2 M20 x M24 x M30 x M36 x 2.3 .o 1 25.0 35.O 37.and plus 0. M16.7'b-70 0043137 7 U m APPENDIX II RECOMMENDED CLEARANCE HOLES FOR BOLTS Dh t-+--I- Clearance Holes for Bolts Dh-Clearance Hole Diameter.2 .0 31 . special provision (e.5 18.0 42.5 13.0 22. 3. 2. Basic Nom Bolt Dia and .0 15.0 17.
in The following variationsarestandard: .tion and application engineering documents. Property Class 10. c. Material-Steel. b.APPENDIX t41 Government Standard I t e m s and Part bJumbermg Note . provides a part numbering system for identifica. TheGovernmentencourages the general use of this'appendix to achieve maximum parts standardization. Cap.Diameter/ThreadPitchandLengthCombinations-as specified in Table 4.' ment codes in the order shown: d. Nominal Diameter This appendix establishes the standard items for Governmentapplicationselectedfrom the possible variations of items within the scope of the stan'dard and. a. Finish-Cadmium platingor zinc plating coded as in Part Numbering System. a Document Identifier . Nominal Length e. The part number shall consist of the following ele. 8 COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services " . 'Material and Finish c. Hardware (Fasteners and Related Items). d. . . Special Featwes-drilled head or self-locking.9. less decimal points b.non-standard diameter and length combinations. Packaging and Packing for Shipment and Storage of.a k g g Packaging shall be in Pca i : n accordancewith PPP-H-1581. Special Features Note The Part Numbering System may also be used for . b Quality AburanCe Provisions: Quality assurance provisions shall be in accordance with FF-S-85 Screw.as specified.ANSI Standard Number . Slotted and Hexagon Head.
Class 3 (0. Type II. NOTE: B A - Steel w/Cadmium Plating per QQ-P-416. I made of cadmium plated steel. heavy with no special feature. 180 mm in length.005 mm Plating Thickness).005 mm Plating Thickness). l Details . hex-metric. ENCOURAGES THE GENERAL USE OF THIS SYSTEM TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM PARTS NUMBERING SYSTEM COVERING STANDARD ITEMS FOR GOVERNMENT USE COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services 1 mm 8 2 3 6 A 1 6 1 8 mm 0 N MATERIAL AND FINISH CODE N DL C SPECIAL NONE Drilled Head* Self-Locking* Drilled Head and Self-Lockinf 1. EXAMPLE: BlB236A16180N diameter. Type II.9.16 mm in FEATURE CODE indicates a bolt.9.PART THE GOVERNMENT STANDARDIZATION. will be provided when wallable. Property Class 10.9. Property Class 10. Class 3 (0. B - Steel w/Zinc Plating per QQ-f-325. property class 10.
5 I M24x3 M30x3.TaMe 4 Metric Heavy Hex Bolts-Standard Sizes For Government Use Nominal Length 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 FOR SELECTION WITHIN THIS AREA. Nominal Diameter and Thread Pitch M2x1.2.3M. USE ANSI 818. TABLE 8.5 I M36x4 70 75 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 180 200 220 240 260 24300 20300 300 14300 16300 12300 1 36080 '141501 201 16160 60 24160 STANDARD DIAMETER AND LENGTH COMBINATION 36300 30300 10 R=-" .3. APPENDIX III.H a COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers Licensed by Information Handling Services .75 M14x2 M16x2 M20x2. METRIC HEAVY HEX HEAD SCREW SELECTION CRITERIA.