NURSING AS A PROFESSION Profession  It is a calling which its members profess to have acquired special knowledge, by training or by experience or both

, so that they may guide or advise others in that special field. Criteria of a Profession  Specialized education  Code of ethics  Research of orientation  Autonomy  Body of knowledge  Service orientation Definition of Nursing Nursing as an Art  The art of caring sick and well individual. Nursing as a Science  The scientific knowledge and skills in assisting individual to achieve optimal health. Florence Nightingale  The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery. Virginia Henderson  The act of assisting the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to a peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge, and to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible. Characteristics of Nursing as a Profession  Education  Theory  Service  Autonomy  Code of Ethics  Caring

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