Physics Lab 9
To find the value of acceleration due to gravity by recording number of oscillations of a simple pendulum
Satish Ahuja XII-A Physics HL 2

3 12. uncertainty = 0. uncertainty = 0. IV. II.6 12.7 18. I. III. l ± 0. V.05/cm 1 20 Time for oscillation. I. I. III.4 15. uncertainty = 0.5 15.7 18. II. III.1 cm.5 9.4 21. V.9 15. IV. II.4 21. IV.5 2 40 3 60 4 80 5 100 6 120 7 140 .1 25.4 28.3 25. No. t ± 0.05cm Stopwatch: Least count = 1s. II.3 28. V.Aditya Sareen HL 1 Raw Data Meter Rule: Least count = 0. V. 9.7 9.5s Table 1 – DATA9 Sr. II. IV.3 25.7 15. Length of string. III.05cm Vernier Calipers: Least count = 0.5 9.05/s I.7 12. I. III. I.5 15. V.1cm. II.3 12.4 12. I. II. V.4 21.5 21.8 21.6 18.1 18.4 9. IV. III. IV.7 18.8 25 25.

the calculations were performed for other readings   An average of the time values(in s) for each reading was taken The calculation for the average time for string of length 20 cm is shown below: Calculation 2 Averaging the uncertainties: .7 IV.05 cm) and half the uncertainty of the Vernier Caliper (± 0.Aditya Sareen HL 1 III. and need only its radius.  The example calculation for the length of string 0. 28. 28. 28.525 cm Similarly.05/2 = 0.7 cm ± 0.7 V. the final value is: 21.2m is shown below: Example Calculation 1 Adding the uncertainties: Therefore.4 ± 0.05 cm) The number of oscillations = 10 Data Processing Uncertainty Calculation  The uncertainty of the ruler (± 0.025)  Half of the uncertainty for the Vernier Caliper has to be taken as we have the diameter of the steel bob.4   The length of the string does not include the diameter of the bob 3.

Aditya Sareen HL 1 Therefore.44 15.68 21.5/s 9.52   We then convert the time period for 10 oscillations to the time period for just one oscillation An example calculation using unitary method for the 1st time period is shown below Example Calculation 3 Similarly.54 18. our final answer stands as: 9. n ± 0.525/cm 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Average Time period for 10 oscillations.5 ± 0.22 28.5 12. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total Length. t ± 0.6 25.5s Rest of the calculations have been noted in the table below Table 1. calculations were performed for the other values of average time period and noted in the table below: .2 – Total Length and Average time for 10 oscillations Sr.

which would lead to the uncertainty being squared. n ± 0.95 1.244 1. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total Length. l l T T2   g g kl kl OR. k being a constant.3 – Total Length and Average time for 1 oscillation Sr. and also convert the values of length to metres. to obtain a value for g. we must square the time period for each length.554 1.5/s 0.525/cm 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Average Time period. t ± 0. which would also lead to the uncertainty being divided by 100: .Aditya Sareen HL 1 Table 1.868 2.852 Theory tells us that the calculation for the time period of a simple pendulum undergoing simple harmonic motion can be carried out by using a predefined formula: T = 2 l g Where T(s) stands for time period.160 2.  g T So. l(m) for length and g(ms -2) for the gravitational acceleration experienced by the object undergoing the motion. T2 = g = 2 .522 2.

00525/cm 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 (Average Time period)2.4 Sr.06x .Aditya Sareen HL 1 Table 1.467 4.656 6.8811 7 6 5 Series1 4 3 2 1 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Linear (Series1) .902 1.547 2.371 3.360 8. n ± 0.25/s 0. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total Length.133 9 8 y = 0.0. t ± 0.