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1. Introduction 1.1 Objective 1.2 Purpose 1.3 Approach 1.4 Selection Criteria Agricultural Farm land.
2.1 Methods and Materials 2.1.1 Facilitators 2.1.2 Teaching Aids and Accessories 2.1.3 Library 2.1.4 Research Lab 2.2 Pedagogy 2.2.1 Comparative learning 2.2.2 Assessment tests and Exams 3. Course overview 3.1.1 Horticulture 3.1.2 Agronomy 3.1.3 Agro-forestry 3.1.4 Farm Management 3.1.5 Agriculture extension and Rural Development 3.1.6 Human Nutrition 3.1.7 Animal Production
3.2 Theoretical Classes and lectures. 3.3 Research Work in Institute 4. Instruments and tools to be used
5. 6. 7. 7.1 7.2 8.
Features for sustainability and Growth Project funding Regions and zones in the Tanzania for setting up agriculture institutes Relevant ministries Existing Universities and Professional Training institutes. Tanzania Agricultural Background
All these geared towards making a contribution to sustainable food security in the area and creating self-reliance among communities. focused on promoting agricultural based education and producing better skilled agricultural workforce. 3 . research and inquiries. The project targets individuals and groups in the informal sector who have limited access to capital and cannot function to their full capacity in the modern market economy. 2) Equip the community with trained agriculture workers who will assist them identify opportunities available for sustainable agriculture. undertake new responsibilities.3 Approach of the Institute Information plays an important part in the wider learning process – helping farmers to understand the context of their work.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE INSTITUTE The purpose of this project is to positively respond to the Tanzania government policy on agricultural transformation. timely and effective university studies through training. The aim is to contribute to the government efforts toward poverty reduction and promoting sustainable economic development through modernizing the techniques and methods the agricultural sector and efficient use of natural resources. 1. 1. improved irrigation techniques and resource management. It is envisaged that the entry of such individuals and groups into the formal market economy will enhance their opportunities in using their assets to access capital and thus improve national economic growth and reduce individual household poverty.2 Purpose of the course The course has a broader mandate but simply put. improve their practice and remind them of basic concepts. The mission institute would be to engage its students and trainers in relevant. the main purpose of the training is to 1) Train agriculture workers who will transform the community through better yield or production of crops.Introduction 1. follow new approaches.
4 Selection Criteria and Admission Intake for the year Agriculture training centre would be done in collaboration with State Ministry of Agriculture. Children at Tanzania's tertiary level of education spend three or more years in school. practical experience. secondary and tertiary. leaflets. or arranging exhibitions. Agriculture institute can support a wide range of learning activities by making information available. By helping farmers learn. 4 . There will be demonstrations throughout different regions and trainers will be requested to interview and send their candidates to the training centre. reference books. handbooks. To further ascertain the illegibility of the trainee. Agriculture institute will have an important part to play in improving access to new methods and techniques for farming and providing vital information. they not only help people to find the materials they need. The agriculture institute will collect and organise materials that are useful to a particular group of students. Basic education consists of two years of pre-primary education and seven years of primary education. Secondary education consists of four years of junior secondary education and two years of senior secondary education. Agriculture institute staffs will encourage people to implement the new techniques and practices learned and better use of equipments. videos and samples of equipment. For example. but they also disseminate information in the institute by producing and distributing locally adapted and equipped methods and materials . 1. including training manuals. but also through discussions with fellow farmers from different regions. and books and audiovisual materials. holding training or discussion workshops.Learning takes place not only at workshops or on training courses. the centre offered a second interview after the one conducted by the local authorities. posters. However. directories. It actively seeks to share the information that it contains. the agriculture institute will be much more than a collection of well organised materials. they can play a valuable part in improving the economy of a nation. Tanzania's education system has three different levels: basic. Materials may be very varied. The initial target for this year will be around 300 trainees.
Additionally there will be 100 uneducated trainees with a special course. The gender ratio is to be maintained at parity. surrounding the institute. initially which will gradually increased to around 2000 ha and more after the first year. a small power house and for other needs and amenities. Enrolments will go up to 700. Faculty housing. The farmlands would be used for teaching purpose. There will be designated area in the farmlands for specific purposes like storehouses for storage of yields. separate area for keeping livestocks. Trainees’ education background s/n Trainees Educational Level MEN: 1 Primary 2 Secondary 3 Tertiary 4 Illiterate WOMEN 5 Primary 6 Secondary 7 Tertiary 8 Illiterate TOTAL Number of Trainees 80 10(+10) if zero tertiary found 10 50 90 5(+5) if zero tertiary found 5 50 300 2. As the institute aims to provide 100% scholarships to every student the revenue generated from the cultivated crops will be put back in the development and growth of the institute. 5 . Agricultural Farm Land: College campus would comprise of 600 ha of farmlands. Besides the vocational purpose the farmland will play a significant role for revenue generation of the institute.1000 by year end and gradually more. demonstrations and practical implementation.The educational level of the trainees with a least of primary level would be given preference. The students will be divided among batches based on their education levels and interviews conducted.
Pamphlets and Handouts Tutors notes and information through internet sources. 20 sqm. Other teaching accessories included the farm tools and/ or equipment and inputs: Class will require audio visual equipments for presentation and demonstration activities. 400 sqm. labs and library Faculty Rooms Stores (For crops) 72 sqm.1 Facilitators Tutors for the year’s training will be 10 initially. 6 .1. Tutors and subject offered s/n Tutors’ names Subject handled 1 Agriculture Extension and Agroforestry Horticulture Nationality (Foreign) (Regional) (Foreign) (Regional) (Foreign) (Regional) (Foreign) (Regional) (Foreign) (Regional) 2 3 Animal Science and Livestock Farm Management and Agronomy Nutrition 4 5 2.2 Teaching Aids and Accessories The teaching aids include the following Blackboards and Chalk White boards. 08 05 11 15 2. pens. One for each subject will be from India whereas additionally one more for each subject would be regional or locals. Flip charts and Markers. 160 sqm.1.1 MATERIALS AND METHODS 2. Manila Papers Papers. pencils and rubbers Reference materials: this included Textbooks.Campus Rooms Hall.
or a mixture. Agriculture institute will provide exposure to trainees to ‘library’ to emphasise that it will be an active.1.2. The larger the agriculture institute becomes gradually. people from other organisations.3 Library and discussion room. 2. It may be staffed by a volunteer or someone for whom it is only part of their job or by a team of professional librarians who are responsible for different aspects of managing the collection and providing information services. members of the public.4 Agricultural Research and Testing Laboratories Labs would be facilitated with all the latest equipments and apparatus. attractive place where people can relax and enjoy themselves. It may serve staff within the same organisation. so it becomes necessary to classify materials in more detail and list them in a catalogue (for a medium-sized agriculture institute) or on a computer database (for a large agriculture institute). talk to each other and take part in meetings and training activities. Most of the internationally recognized professional journals in the rural and agricultural sciences also are available. The College library is well stocked with a wide range of books in the subject areas required by an agricultural college. the more important it is to have systems for knowing what materials it contains and where to find them. A well equipped research lab as well as a veterinary laboratory system for conducting various tests and experiments which will include: Plant Analysis Testing Soil Testing Soil Fertility Testing Pesticide Analysis Testing Fungicide Testing Manure Testing Vegetable Testing Fruit Testing Nut Testing Rice Testing Poultry Testing Seed Quality Testing 7 .1.
Every faculty has access to Internet. Internet search of websites Review of publications Consultation using telecommunication. discussing their work within groups as well as reporting their findings in groups. Final examination to assess the overall performance of trainees after three month intensive training will be held in the last week.2 Pedagogy. Conferences.2 Assessment Tests and Exams There will be quizzes offered monthly to trainees to assess their performances in the class.1 Comparative learning Trainees will be introduced to working in groups. They will be various sponsored Seminars. 2. Motivational talks as Seminar. The Institute is also planning to avail funds for faculty members in developing their own projects and if they needs some special instruments or tools for the purpose.2.2. 2.1. Audio visual system for giving presentations and organizing seminars. Two assessment tests will be given for each subject. This will be especially relevant in practical components of all subjects. Summer Schools.5 Computer lab and seminar hall A hall equipped with 50 computer systems with all the latest updated software. 8 . Teaching : Every Teaching faculty is encouraged to presume higher education and R&D activities. 2.2. Research • • • • • Discussions with relevant faculty on topics and papers Live experiments in research labs.
The detail of the practical in each subject will be carried out. By the end of the month. some vegetable for direct planting would have been sown.1 Demonstration plots and Practical Lessons The trainees will be provided with established demonstration plots for appropriate Horticulture.3. First digging of seed beds for agronomy crops will also be carried out at the same time 9 .1 Courses and related activities The trainees for the year will started to arrive at Agriculture Training Centre and will be given a two day briefing and orientation will be held in accommodation camps.0. 3. The institute will also organize voluntarily workshops and training camps in the campus as well as different regions which may vary from one day to a week’s program depending upon the participation and time viability. nursery bed establishment for horticultural crops and Agro forestry trees as well as cropland protection against the danger posed by roaming animal. Nutrition and Animal Production. Courses Overview There are different courses to be offered based on the education background and the interest of the trainees. They will start by nursery bed establishment for vegetable crops. Green-Grams and Cowpeas among others. Field crops planted would include. The trainees will be particularly introduced to the preliminary activities of land preparation. The institute is going to offer an extensive 3 months course program for the the trainees based on which they will be assessed and certified The curriculum is to be expected to be completed in a duration of 12 weeks and hence there will be a few number of batches for the 3 month program. 3. The duration of the courses will vary from 3 months to a year in the first year. Practical training will take most time in the first month of June. The 1 year degree courses will be full-fledged training programs that will also include research studies and the trainees will also be provided with OJT (on job training) in the campus farms itself. Each group of trainees will be allocated a plot for horticulture and Agronomy to manage work for Agroforestry. Groundnuts. Maize. Extension. Agronomy and agroforestry practices.
Egg plants. watering. carrots and cowpeas and other viable crops will be seeded directly in the field in the first week. Fig (a) Weeding of vegetable plots Fig (b) Trainees to be explained vegetable farming 10 . A combination of chemical methods and cultural methods will be used to control millipede infestation. Earthing up. Hoeing. Trainees will be able to establish horticulture demonstration plots 4 weeks later. Pest and disease control. spacing. thinning.1.Fig(a) Primary cultivation 3. The practices emphasized during management of horticultural crops included: Spacing. Crops in the nursery might include Cabbages. Staking. Pests especially Millipede infestation of the seedlings in the nursery will be tackled.1 Horticulture Fig(b) Preparation of beds Okra. Kales. Vegetables like Amarantus (Amarathus hybridus) and Cucumber (gherkin) will also be introduced into the demonstration plots later. Weeding. to the extent that reseeding should not necessary. Nurseries will also be prepared and planted in the first week itself. Tomatoes and Onion among others given the seasonal feasibility.
This program will serve the society by generating and disseminating knowledge in the economics and social sciences in order to provide the tools to both protect the Earth’s natural resources and ensure economic and ecological sustainability for future generations. Each trainee groups will be required individually to plant and manage Maize.2 Agronomy Different crops will be planted in demonstration plots in the third week . Agro-forestry will include trees seeds like Moringa orifiera.1. 11 . its thorny characteristics and its abundance.1. Other crops like Green-gram will be given to trainees after the 3rd week of for group management and comparative learning. The program should be able to invoke better management of food. Acacia sp and thou (Dinka). Sorghum. Beans and Cowpeas. Further a trial plot of boundary planting (hedges) will be established with the local thorny tree Thou (Dinka) an undertaking that will propose to take advantage of the tree species ability to tolerate excess heat conditions. Fig(a): Groundnuts planted in rows Fig (b) Maize crop planted in rows 3. Teak (Tectona Grandis) and Neem (Azandirachta indica) trees from local mother seed trees ang. agriculture. and natural resources system. Tree nurseries will be established.3 Agro-forestry Trainees will be prepared taxonomy albums detailing tree species in their homesteads and their importance. Calliadra calothyrsus.3.
Farm layout practical will be conducted and trainees will be introduced to measurements and setting out of farm layout.On multipurpose trees like.4 Farm Management Fig. Fig. open day (field day) and use of drama and storytelling to communicate agricultural methods. Hedgerow with local Thou tree seedlings 3. trainees will be taught a rice farming project to learn: Selection of suitable farm site Farm layout and design 3.5 Agriculture extension and Rural Development The practical will be carried out focussing on assessing trainees’ abilities in assessing farming challenges.1. Preparation of an organic pesticide from Neem tree leaves will be demonstrated.1. Appropriate irrigation methods and techniques will be taught. introducing and communicating new techniques to farmlands and recording and reporting. advising farmers. Practical training will involved farm visits (outreach) to selected farmers. 12 . his crops and his animals. Tree seedlings in a nursery Farm implementation use and care will be conducted. In the later part of the course. This will be further reign forced by group discussions and Presentations. Neem tree will be used to demonstrate the multiple benefits to man.
each working groups of trainees will be introduced to new group of farmers. assess the farmers’ challenges. after the initial contact. farmers will be invited for an exchange visit to the trainees’ demonstration plots.Farm Visits (Outreach) After eight weeks of training. Open day (field day) At the peak of outreach. The trainees are then suppose to initiate a group contact.. Trainee and farmers on field day activities Drama and story telling A group of trainees will compose a song or play dramatizing advocacy for promotion of agriculture. Trainees will design messages in the local language advertising the open day and inviting the public to attend. Vegetable seedlings like tomatoes and cabbages will also given out to farmers during the field day. There will 13 . more agro-forestry tree seedlings will be distributed to the 20 farmers.1. because of the limitation on the facilities needed for the practical. advise. Community leaders and many more farmers from neighbouring communities will be invited to attend the open day. The will be practical done was about food preparation. Detailed practical lessons will also be included in the curriculum. 3. The drama will consequently encourage the class to also come up with better versions of the presentation. At the end of the occasion.6 Human Nutrition Much has to be been done in terms of nutrition practical. encourage and assist with farm inputs especially planting materials (seedlings).
Livestock diseases and pest control drugs will be provided for the practical. The 1 year course will comprise of terms of examination. This is in addition to outreach programs that will serve people by providing continued improvements in the efficient and humane production of animals and associated animal products. Assessments of the examinations will be based on theoretical and practical performances both. Facilities like drenching gun. However there will be other practical needed for the subject. castration kit. and the role of animals in a changing society. These will be held daily in the institute as well as sometimes in the farms or demonstration plots as well. Explaining the different food values 3.7 Animal Science There will be practical done in this subject on topics like digestive system of animal. management systems for domestic animals. Trainees will be given one week to prepare for their exams. The program will also provide lifelong opportunities for students and farmers to learn about animal biology. It was observed that Animal production needs more attention at curriculum level. 14 .2 Theoretical classes and lectures.1. Different food staffs displayed 3. .be lectures and practical on how to prepare food in the manner that would preserve the nutritive value of the food.
3. short term lecturing and joint publications.3 Research work in the institute: Trainees taking part in the research work will be assigned different projects as well as they can come up with their own. o Livestock related disasters and pet animals. Research will be done on crops. indigenous technical knowledge. Other equipments and instruments required for: Outbound activities: 1) Tractor Trolleys and other material 2) Plough 3) Bullock carts 4) Motors 5) Threshers (Cutting machine) 6) Wooden ploughing and ridging tools 7) Electronic motor for water 5HP 8) PVC Line 9) Construction of bore well 10) Power Generator 15 . o Livestock products. joint supervision . joint training. o Organic livestock farming. o Biotechnology and bio-safety. registration and traceability.practical training. o Animal welfare. . 4. Priority setting is done in collaboration with stakeholders to identify areas of research and the entire process is spearheaded by the technical committee. There will be on going collaboration as in collaborative research. seeds. food safety. Research problem identification is achieved following value chain approach with students and faculty participation. livestock and other new challenges that might come up. o Animal genetic resource conservation. o Livestock stocking. Research alliances are viewed as a cost effective way of accessing utilizing research funds as the outputs can have wider implications Research on livestock would emphasize on specific key issues including: o Animal identification. o Emerging diseases.
P. Vacuum cleaners 16. Laboratory stools 11. Heat convectors 2. Encourage the use of information technology and healthcare Assist farmer to find relevant information and new communication techniques and suggest how they can use it in their work. 2. Thermometer 13. Refrigerators 300 Litre capacity 4. Laboratory tables 10. Hygrometers (dial type) 12.Indoor classes: 1. Mixer-cum-grinder 14. Organise participatory workshops that use the materials provided as tools for problem-solving. including district health management teams and community groups. with accessories 5. Other features of the institute for future sustainability and growth: 1. Provide access to materials that are up-to-date and relevant to users. Make information accessible Collect and organise materials. Provide information to those responsible for planning. Stereo binocular microscope 19. Air Conditioners with cooling & heating arrangements 3. Exhaust fans 15. Water distillation unit 17. Research microscope 18. Photo copier with fax 21. Hot air oven 5. Centrifuge 7.C. Work with teachers and trainers to identify new resource materials for training activities. Steel racks 9. 16 . Glasswares 20. Develop ways to reach potential trainees. Provide a pleasant environment for learning and training. Offer an information and enquiry service. managing and implementing health programmes. BOD incubators 6. Laminar flow station 8.
Agriculture institute aims to help the nation to achieve the following targets: a) b) c) d) e) f) Adequate and reliable food supplies. Fair and reasonable producer income. national. Strengthen links with other organisations List local. Adoption of appropriate technology in a farmlands. 17 . regional and international organisations working in health and related fields. Develop contacts between organisations working in similar fields. Thus will give an overall economy boost for the whole nation while generation of extra revenue and better employment opportunities.3. non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community organisations. Ministry of Water and Sanitation. Increase in the socio-economic level of the farmers. Identify other sources of information. such as the Ministry of Education. Development of the agricultural sector. Export of agricultural goods.
classrooms. thus the Tanzanian government would provide the funds for construction of the campus and grant the lease for the 1500 acre farmland The cost for setting up the institute with all the equipments. 18 .800.000. laboratories. purchase of seeds. Besides that additional annual funding for running of the institute: 2013-2016 Government of Tanzania Aid Grants & Sponsors Total (per year) US$2.6.000. like staff salaries.000 US$ 300.500. water and electricity. library and above stated facilities provided will be estimated to around 35 Million USD. Gradually for building additional dormitories.000 US$2.000 The largest portion of these funds will be used to finance the monthly expenditures of campus. and purchasing equipment in order to expand institute’s enrollment capacity.000 US$6.000. Project Funding: The institute after construction will be owned by the government of Tanzania. The funds are expected to cover the running expenses and transportation costs of the institute as well as the faculty members. The grant also included funding to send 5-10 trainees every years for overseas master’s degree training with the intent that they would return to institute as faculty members or volunteer trainers. labs. faculty housing.000 2017-2020 US$5. pesticides and other operation and maintenance of the institute.000 US$1.
Regions and zones in the Tanzania for setting up agriculture institutes 19 .7.
College of SUA.1 Relevant ministries The agriculture sector is guided by the Agriculture Sector Development Strategy (ASDS) which was adopted in 2001. Among universities who.Relevant Bodies Tanzania Farmers Association (TFA) This predominantly commercial consortium is engaged mostly in the supply of agricultural inputs. Ministry of Regional Administration and Local Government in the Prime Ministers’ Office (PMO-RALG) It is important to note high level training for the agricultural sector takes place in Universities and other similar institutions which fall under the Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology (MHEST). industry (including agro mechanization/agro-processing industries) and agricultural production. Industries and Marketing (MTIM). 7. Mzumbe University. Ministry of Trade. These are: Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) The University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) The Open University of Tanzania (OUT) Moshi University College of Cooperative and Business Studies (MUCCOBS).2 Existing Universities and Professional Training institutes. in the NARS. are mainly involved in research and training of professionals in agriculture and related fields include a number of institutions under the Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology (MHEST). the designated agriculture-sector lead ministries are: Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives (MAFC) Ministry of Livestock Development (MLD). 7. Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP) Ardhi University(AU). Tanzania Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture (TCCIA) The TCCIA is a consortium of individual members and/or companies engaged in trade. In the ASDS. 20 .
accounting for over 20 percent of the total agricultural GDP. The recent annual average growth rates of export crops. sorghum and wheat. consumption and export. tobacco and tea. cashew.1%.5% of total GDP. mostly residing in the rural areas. Importance of agriculture in Tanzania Agriculture is the foundation of the Tanzanian economy.1% and the contribution of livestock to the agriculture sector was estimated to be 8. Agriculture has linkages with the non-farm sector through forward linkages to agro processing. The agricultural sector constitutes nearly half of the value of the national income (GDP) and about three quarters of the national export revenue.9 percent. The contribution of livestock to GDP was 4. The most important cash crops. which are deemed to have high or medium potential. Maize is the most important food crop in Tanzania. and livestock accounting for 6. are coffee. beans. Food crop production dominates the agricultural economy contributing about 36. 21 . averaging at forty people per square kilometre. There are over seven million hectares of irrigation land.8 Tanzania Agriculture Background The dominant group in Tanzania agriculture is small-holder subsistence farmers who utilize about 85% of the land cultivating not more than 2. Still. followed by rice/paddy. The advantage is that Tanzania has enough land to allow agricultural expansion and the population density across the country is still low. cotton. provides raw materials to industries and a market for manufactured goods. The main types of livestock raised in Tanzania are cattle.0 ha. three quarters of merchandise exports and is source of food and provides employment opportunities to about 80 percent of Tanzanians. pigs and poultry. small‐scale farming dominates the agricultural production and farming system. sheep. ranked by export value. 4. cassava. food crops and livestock have been estimated at about 6. and 3 percent respectively. The challenge is to increase the irrigated acreages and to achieve the existing potential. goats. It accounts for about half of the national income.
According to the Household Budget Survey (2001/02). In urban and peri-urban areas urban agriculture is practiced as household – level coping strategies against economic hardships as a result of raising cost of living and/or simply to income. The National Sample Census of Agriculture and Livestock (2002/2003) estimated 4.901. broiler and local chicken are raised. Livestock keeping is also practiced quite widely in urban and peri-urban areas where dairy cattle. particularly maize. Main Agricultural Activities and Households Involved Main Crops by type and areas planted Source: Tanzania Agriculture Sample Census 2003 22 . to 80 percent of adults in most regions reported agriculture as their main livelihood activity. In addition there were 580 large scale farmers who also kept livestock. layer. Urban agriculture is practiced in Tanzanian towns and cities and often consists of vegetable gardens and fruit trees and growing of selected field crops. Most rural households (about 89 percent) reported owning land for agriculture or grazing. goats. Main agricultural activities and livelihood systems Agriculture incorporating Crop farming. livestock keeping and pastoralism and fishing are the main livelihood systems in the rural areas of Tanzania.837 households are engaged in agriculture and crop farming is more important than livestock keeping..
Agricultural production statistics Source: FAOSTAT (FAO 2009) 23 .
Crop Yields 24 .
Production Quantity 25 .
Land and population distribution across regions and farm households Source: MINAG (2004. 2006) Economy wide growth-linkage effect of agriculture under the agriculture scenario Source: Results from the Tanzania DCGE 26 .
increased access to irrigation. productivity and profitability through dissemination of viable farm production technologies that permit increased use of land by smallholder farmers and livestock keepers as a matter of priority so as to revolutionize the current situation and eventually commercialize agriculture. enhanced crop marketing and education to small‐ scale farmers” Use of Inputs in Mainland Tanzania Source: Tanzania Agriculture Sample Census 2003 Important technical considerations to achieving better profitability and sustainability include improved management of agricultural resources. efficiency in managing inputs and outputs. 27 . range management. improved inputs. animal health and post-harvest handling and value addition technologies. Given the abundant available land. soil and water conservation including water harvesting and irrigation. there is huge potential for increasing the area being utilized for agriculture. crop protection.To support agricultural transformation in Tanzania. This investment should be directed towards a number of key areas such as advancements in technology and innovation. the current president stated clearly that: “I believe that the only way in which we as a nation can combat poverty effectively is through sustained investment within agriculture in order to increase productivity and create greater employment opportunities. adoption of new technologies and increased use of existing technologies on improved land husbandry practices.
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