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UNCERTAINTY

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AIR DENSITY

SOP 2 BUOYANCY CORRECTIONS (NISTIR 6969) MABC = V

2 u 2 u x s x 2 s u = ms u a + [m s (a n )] 4 4 s s x x 2 2 bc

Component Description Standard uncertainty for air density ua ue Standard uncertainty for air density equation ut Standard uncertainty for temperature urh up us ux

Reference

CIPM Air density paper, 0.0012 mg/cm3 HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.5 C; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for relative humidity HB 143 accuracy guideline, 5 %; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for pressure HB 143 accuracy guideline, 65 Pa; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for density of Calibration report, e.g., 0.008 g/cm3 standard (s) Standard uncertainty for density of Mfg. Estimate, 0.05 g/cm3 unknown (x)

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MASS

SOP 3 (DOUBLE SUBSTITUTION, EQUAL ARM) (NISTIR 6969) SOP 4 (DOUBLE SUBSTITUTION) (NISTIR 6969) SOP 5 (THREE IN ONE) (NISTIR 6969) SOP 6 (TRANSPOSITION) (NISTIR 6969) SOP 7 (SINGLE SUBSTITUTION) (NISTIR 6969) Cx = Cs + d + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Mx = Ms + d + a (Vx Vs) + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections

Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp Standard uncertainty for the process ubc ua ue

ut urh up us ux ud

Standard uncertainty for buoyancy correction Standard uncertainty for air density Standard uncertainty for air density equation CIPM Air density paper (Davis/Giacomo, 1992), 0.0012 mg/cm3 Standard uncertainty for temperature HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.5 C; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for relative humidity HB 143 accuracy guideline, 5 %; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for pressure HB 143 accuracy guideline, 65 Pa; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for density of standard Calibration report, e.g., 0.008 g/cm3 (s) Mfg. Estimate, 0.05 g/cm3 Standard uncertainty for density of unknown (x) Standard uncertainty for disparity due to Rectangular distribution and drift/bias reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty of the balance Typically not used if sp is used. Standard uncertainty due to sensitivity of OIML R111-1 balance Standard uncertainty due to digital OIML R111-1 resolution of balance Standard uncertainty due to eccentric OIML R111-1 loading Standard uncertainty due to magnetism OIML R111-1

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uo

SOP 8 (MODIFIED SUBSTITUTION) (NISTIR 6969) Cx = Cs + d + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp ubc ua ue Standard uncertainty for the process Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process Possibly: uncorrected systematic error

ut

urh up

us ux ud

Standard uncertainty for buoyancy correction Standard uncertainty for air density Standard uncertainty for air density equation CIPM Air density paper (Davis/Giacomo, 1992), 0.0012 mg/cm3 Standard uncertainty for temperature HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.5 C; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for relative humidity HB 143 accuracy guideline, 5 %; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for pressure HB 143 accuracy guideline, 65 Pa; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for density of standard Calibration report, e.g., 0.008 g/cm3 (s) Mfg. Estimate, 0.05 g/cm3 Standard uncertainty for density of unknown (x) Standard uncertainty for disparity due to Rectangular distribution drift/bias and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty of the balance Typically not used if sp is used. Standard uncertainty due to sensitivity of OIML R111 balance Standard uncertainty due to digital OIML R111 resolution of balance Standard uncertainty due to eccentric OIML R111 loading Standard uncertainty due to magnetism OIML R111 Standard uncertainty for other factors

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QUESTION: CAN ubc BE ASSUMED TO BE NEGLIGIBLE, AT THIS LEVEL? OR IS IT SAFER TO EVALUATE IT AND THEN DECIDE THE NEGLIGIBILITY OF IT AND HAVE IT DOCUMENTED?

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SOP 28 (ADVANCED WEIGHING DESIGNS) (NISTIR 5672) Mx = Ms + d + a (Vx Vs) + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp ubc ua ue Standard uncertainty for the process Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; control charts

ut

urh up

uCO2 ucce us ux ud

Standard uncertainty for buoyancy correction Standard uncertainty for air density Standard uncertainty for air density equation CIPM Air density paper (Davis/Giacomo, 1992), 0.0012 mg/cm3 Standard uncertainty for temperature HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.5 C; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for relative humidity HB 143 accuracy guideline, 5 %; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for pressure HB 143 accuracy guideline, 65 Pa; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for carbon dioxide determination Standard uncertainty for cubical coefficient of expansion Standard uncertainty for density of standard Calibration report, e.g., 0.008 g/cm3 (s) Standard uncertainty for density of Mfg. Estimate, 0.05 g/cm3 unknown (x) Standard uncertainty for disparity due to Rectangular distribution drift/bias and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty of the balance Typically not used if sp is used. Standard uncertainty due to sensitivity of OIML R111 balance Standard uncertainty due to digital OIML R111 resolution of balance Standard uncertainty due to eccentric OIML R111 loading Standard uncertainty due to magnetism OIML R111 Standard uncertainty for other factors

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Page 6 of 12

LENGTH

SOP 10 (RIGID RULE) (NBS Handbook 145) Lx = Ls + d + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp ugr ud Standard uncertainty for the process Standard uncertainty for graduated reticle Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty due to resetting of the rules Standard uncertainty for other factors Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; range charts Rectangular distribution and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969)

ures uo

SOP 11 (BENCH METHOD) (NBS Handbook 145) SOP 23 (PI TAPES) (NBS Handbook 145) Lx = Ls + d + Ln [(t 20) ( - )] + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp ugr utc ut ulce (,) utw ud Standard uncertainty for the process Standard uncertainty for graduated reticle Standard uncertainty for temperature correction Standard uncertainty for temperature Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; range charts

ures uo

Standard uncertainty for linear coefficient of expansion Standard uncertainty for tension weights Standard uncertainty for disparity due to Rectangular distribution drift/bias and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty due to resetting of the tape Standard uncertainty for other factors

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SOP 12 (TAPE TO TAPE) Lx = Ls + d + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp ugp uss ud Standard uncertainty for the process Standard uncertainty for graph paper Standard uncertainty for spring scales Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty due to resetting of the tapes Standard uncertainty for other factors Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process

ures uo

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VOLUME - GRAVIMETRIC

SOP 13 (MECHANICAL BALANCE) SOP 14 (ELECTRONIC BALANCE) SOP 15 (EQUAL ARM BALANCE) 1 Vtref = (M F M E )(M S M R )1 a (1 (t t ref ) ) s w a

1 Vtref = ((O3 O2 ) O1 )M S 1 a (1 (t t ref ) ) s w a

Vx = d(F E) + a (Vx Vs) + [1 - (t tref)] + bias/drift + other corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; control chart or range chart and d2*

ubc ua ue

ut

urh up

us ux utc ut

Standard uncertainty for the measuring process to determine mass difference between filled and empty container; recorded in volume units on charts to be converted to grams by dividing a Z constant of 1.003; represents all weighing operations Standard uncertainty for buoyancy correction Standard uncertainty for air density Standard uncertainty for air density equation CIPM Air density paper (Davis/Giacomo, 1992), 0.0012 mg/cm3 Standard uncertainty for temperature HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.5 C; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for relative humidity HB 143 accuracy guideline, 5 %; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for pressure HB 143 accuracy guideline, 65 Pa; SOP 2 (NISTIR 6969) Standard uncertainty for density of standard Calibration report, e.g., 0.008 g/cm3 (s) Standard uncertainty for density of Mfg. Estimate, 0.05 g/cm3 unknown (x) Standard uncertainty for temperature correction Standard uncertainty for temperature HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.05 C

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uw

ucce (,) Standard uncertainty for cubical coefficient of expansion Standard uncertainty for density of water ue Standard uncertainty for water density equation and uncorrected systematic error due to air-free vs air-saturated water densities ut Standard uncertainty for temperature Standard uncertainty for reading meniscus Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty of the balance usens uresol uecc load umag Standard uncertainty due to sensitivity of balance Standard uncertainty due to digital resolution of balance Standard uncertainty due to eccentric loading Standard uncertainty due to magnetism Standard uncertainty for other factors

NBS Report 10 081, 5 x 10-6 /F (0.000009 / C) Metrologia, Patterson/Morris (1994), 7 ppm (0.000007 g/cm3) HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.1 C, SOPs (ASTM E694); GMP 3 Rectangular distribution and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) Typically not used if sp is used. OIML R111-1 OIML R111-1 OIML R111-1 OIML R111-1

uread men ud

uba

uo

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VOLUME TRANSFER

SOP 16 (FLASKS) Vx = VsP + VsB + V [1 + ( - ) (t tref)] + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp Standard uncertainty for the process Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; control chart or range chart and d2*

utc ut

ud

ucce (,) Standard uncertainty for cubical coefficient of expansion Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty for reading meniscus Standard uncertainty due to drain time Standard uncertainty for time piece Standard uncertainty for other factors

HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.05 C; SOPs NBS Report 10 081, 5 x 10-6 /F (0.000009 / C) Rectangular distribution and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) (ASTM E694)

SOP 18 (GRADUATED NECK) Vx = Vs + disparity (bias/drift) + unrelated corrections Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp Standard uncertainty for the process Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process; control chart or range chart and d2* Rectangular distribution and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) (ASTM E694); GMP 3

ud

Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty for reading meniscus Standard uncertainty due to drain time Standard uncertainty for time piece Standard uncertainty for other factors

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Vx = w s { Vs [ 1 + ( t t ref w x [ 1 + ( t t ref

Reference Calibration report, divide by k Measurement assurance process

Component Description us Standard uncertainty for standards sp utc ut Standard uncertainty for standards Standard uncertainty for temperature correction Standard uncertainty for temperature

uw

ucce (,) Standard uncertainty for cubical coefficient of expansion Standard uncertainty for density of water ue Standard uncertainty for water density equation ut Standard uncertainty for temperature Standard uncertainty for disparity due to drift/bias Standard uncertainty for reading meniscus Standard uncertainty due to drain time Standard uncertainty for time piece Standard uncertainty for other factors

HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.05 C NBS Report 10 081, 5 x 10-6 /F (0.000009 / C) Metrologia, Patterson/Morris (1994), 7 ppm (0.000007 g/cm3) HB 143 accuracy guideline, 0.05 C Rectangular distribution and reasons, 0.577 d, 0.29 d; SOP 29 (NISTIR 6969) (ASTM E694)

ud

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