BONDS & STOCKS

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Vocabulary Article of Association (Br) = Bylaws (AmE) Audited report (n) Authorized share capital (n) Barometer stock (n) Bear market (n) Blue chip (n) Bond indenture (n) Book runner (n) Brokerage (n) Bull market (n) Bunch (n) Capitalize (v) Common stock (n) Conservative investor (n) Covenant (n)

Pronunciation /'ɑ:tikl/ /ɔv/ /ə,sousi'ei∫n/ /'ɔ:ditid/ /ripɔ:t/ /'ɔ:θəraizd/ /∫eə/ /'kæpitl/ /bəˈrɒmɪtə/ /stɔk/ /beə/ /'mɑ:kit/ /bluː tʃɪp/ /bɒnd ɪnˈdentʃə(r)/ /bʊk/ /ˈrʌnə/ /ˈbrəʊk(ə)rɪdʒ/ /bul//'mɑ:kit/ /bʌn(t)ʃ/ /'kæpitəlaiz/ / 'kɔmən/ /stɔk/ /kən´sə:vətiv/ /in´vestə/ /ˈkʌv(ə)nənt/

English meaning A document specifying the regulations for a company’s operations A report of auditing Capital that supported by owners of a company A security whose performance is considered to be an indicator of the performance of its particular sector or the market as a whole A general decline in the stock market over a period of time A blue-chip investment is thought to be safe and likely to make a profit A written agreement between the issuer of a bond and the bondholders, usually specifying interest rate and other terms. The main underwriter or lead manager in the issuance of new equity, debt or securities instruments The business of acting as a broker Associated with increasing investor confidence, and increased investing in anticipation of future price increases A large amount of sth; a large number of things or people To sell possessions in order to change them into money A security that represents ownership in a corporation. Holders of common stock exercise control by electing a board of directors and voting on corporate policy. Cautious; having a risk-averse investment strategy which has preservation of capital as a high priority A promise in an indenture, or any other formal debt agreement, that

Vietnamese meaning Bảng điều lệ công ty Báo cáo kiểm tra sổ sách Vốn chủ sở hữu Cổ phiếu chỉ báo Thị trường đầu cơ giá xuống Bảo đảm chắc chắn (đầu tư cổ phần) Khế ước về trái phiếu Nhà quản lý sổ đầu tư, nhà bảo lãnh phát hành chính Kinh doanh môi giới Thị trường đầu cơ giá lên Một số lượng lớn cái gì đó Vốn hóa Cổ phiếu phổ thông Nhà đầu tư có tư tưởng bảo thủ Thỏa thuận giao kèo Page 5

Admins Group

The launching of a commercial venture. A system overseen by the IRS which collects money based on your earned income The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. skills. vốn cổ phần Miễn thuế thu nhập Mệnh giá Thuế thu nhập liên bang Xu hướng tìm đến kênh đầu tư an toàn của các nhà đầu tư. acceptable. Sự phát hành chứng khoán Page 6 Admins Group .quality (n) Flotation (n) /'kreditə/ /krʌɪˈtɪərɪən/ / ˈkɜːrənt/ /ˈæset / / ˈkɜːrənt/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /ˈkʊʃ(ə)n/ /´saiklikl//stɔk/ /dɪˈbentʃə(r)/ /bɒnd/ / ˈdiːsnt / /dɪˈfɔːlt/ /rɪsk/ /di´fensiv//stɔk/ /dʌɪˈvəːsɪfʌɪ/ /ˈdɪvɪdɛnd/ /'ekwiti/ /ɪgˈzɛm(p)t/ / feɪs/ /ˈvaljuː/ /ˈfɛd(ə)r(ə)l ˈɪnkʌm taks/ / flaɪt/ /tuː/ /kwɒləti / /flou´teiʃən/ A person. bond issue. company. Free from an obligation or liability imposed on others The amount paid to a bondholder at the maturity date. prepaid expenses. called unsecured bond. or with the help of which a decision is made. thích hợp. Proper.etc. Tươm tất. issued by a government or large company. interests. in order to be more successful or reduce risks An amount of the profits that a company pays to people who own shares in the company The interest of the owner of common stock in a corporation. satisfactory The event in which companies or individuals will be unable to make the required payments on their debt obligations A stock that remains stable under difficult economic conditions To develop a wide range of products.BONDS & STOCKS certain activities will or will not be carried out. accounts receivable. inventory. etc. loan Chủ nợ Tiêu chí Tài sản lưu động Hệ số thanh toán hiện hành Bảo vệ Cổ phiếu chu kỳ Trái phiếu không có bảo đảm. and other assets that could be converted to cash in less than one year An indication of a company's ability to meet short-term debt obligations To protect sb/sth from being hurt or damaged or from the unpleasant effects of sth Stock of a company sensitive to business cycles A debt security.to. that sb owes money to A standard or principle by which sth is judged. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Creditor (n) Criterion (n) Criteria (plural) Current Assets (n) Current Ratio (n) Cushion (v) Cyclical stock (n) Debenture bond (n) Decent (adj) Default risk (n) Defensive stock (n) Diversify (v) Dividend (n) Equity (n) Exempt (v) Face Value (n) Federal income tax (n) Flight. given the issuer doesn't default. chấp nhận được Rủi ro thanh toán Cổ phiếu phòng thủ Đa dạng hóa Cổ tức Vốn cổ đông. A balance sheet item which equals the sum of cash and cash equivalents. that is not secured by an asset.

BONDS & STOCKS 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 Growth stock (n) Income stock (n) Income tax exemption (n) Indebted (adj) Indenture (n) Inherent (adj) Insolvent (adj) IOU Junk bond (n) Lending investment (n) Limited partnership (n) Liquidate (v) Liquidity (n) Liquidity Ratio (n) Liquidity risk (n) Lucrative (adj) Macro analysis (n) Maturity (n) Memorandum of Association (Br)= Certificate of Incorporation /grouθ//stɔk/ /'inkəm//stɔk/ /ˈɪnkʌm/ /taks/ /ɪɡˈzɛmpʃn/ /ɪnˈdɛtɪd/ /ɪnˈdɛntʃə/ /ɪnˈhɪrənt. To sell sth in order to get money The state of owning things of value that can easily be exchanged for cash A measure of how quickly a company's assets can be converted to cash The risk that a given security or asset cannot be traded quickly enough in the market to prevent a loss (or make the required profit). Producing a great deal of profit A review of all the factors that a company is unable to control The time when money you have invested is ready to be paid Miễn thuế thu nhập Vay nợ Khế ước Vốn đã Không trả được nợ Giấy nhận nợ Trái phiếu rủi ro cao. contract. thường sử dụng để đầu cơ Đầu tư vào chứng khoán nợ Công ty hợp danh Thanh lý Tính thanh khoản Hệ số thanh khoản Rủi ro thanh khoản Có lợi. ɪnˈhɛrənt/ /in'sɔlvənt/ /ˌaɪ əʊ ˈjuː / / dʒʌŋk/ /bɒnd/ /'lɛndin/ /ɪnˈvɛs(t)m(ə)nt/ /ˈlɪmɪtɪd/ /ˈpɑːtnəʃɪp/ /'likwideit/ /li'kwiditi/ / lɪˈkwɪdəti/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /lɪˈkwɪdɪti/ /rɪsk/ /'lu:krətiv/ /ˈmækroʊ/ /əˈnæləsɪs/ /məˈtʃʊrəti. it usually has a high yield. non-investment-grade bond with a low credit rating. sinh lợi Phân tích vĩ mô Ngày đáo hạn A document that regulates a company's external activities and must be drawn up on the formation of a registered or incorporated Thỏa thuận thành lập công ty company Page 7 Admins Group . as a consequence. usually BB or lower. or document A basic or permanent part of sb or sth and that cannot be removed Not having enough money to pay what you owe A note between two people used to say that one person owes sth to the other A high-risk. who are liable only to the extent of their investments. məˈtʊrəti/ /mɛməˈrandəm/ /ɒv/ /əsəʊsɪˈeɪʃ(ə)n/ Stocks that do not declare any dividends since the money earned is Cổ phiếu tăng trưởng going to be reinvested to grow the company Stock that offer a higher dividend in relation to their market price Cổ phiếu thu nhập and less price fluctuation than other stocks Removal from taxation of income Owing money A legal agreement. Investments in debt securities A business organization with one or more general partners.

also called net worth or shareholders' equity or net assets.BONDS & STOCKS (AmE) 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 Mortgage bond (n) Muni = Municipal bond (n) Mutual fund (n) = Unit trust No-load fund (n) ≠ Load fund Over-the-counter market (n) Owners’ equity (n) Ownership investment (n) Participation certificate (n) Penny stock Periodic interest rate (n) Peruse (v) Precedence (n) Preferred stock (n) Premium (n) Price restriction (n) Price to earnings (n) Principal (n) /ˈmɔːɡɪdʒ/ /bɒnd / /ˈmjuːni/ /ˈmjuːtʃʊəl/ /fʌnd/ /nəʊ/ /ləʊd/ /fʌnd/ /'ouvə/ / ðə/ /'kauntə/ /ˈoʊnərs/ /ekwəti / /ˈəʊnəʃɪp/ /ɪnˈvɛs(t)m(ə)nt/ /pɑːˌtɪsɪˈpeɪʃn/ /səˈtɪfɪkət/ /´peni/ /stɔk/ /ˌpɪərɪˈɒdɪk/ /ˈɪnt(ə)rɪst/ /reɪt/ /pəˈruːz/ /'presidɛns/ /pri'fə:rd/ /stɔk/ /ˈprimiəm/ /prʌɪs/ /rɪˈstrɪkʃ(ə)n/ /praɪs/ /tu:/ /ɜːrnɪŋ / /ˈprɪnsɪp(ə)l/ A long-term bond secured by the payments on one or more mortgages. especially in a careful way The right to precede in order. priority Stocks that give priority. called secured bond. counties. A bond which is issued by an American city or other local government. rank. To read sth. nghiên cứu Quyền ưu tiên Cổ phiếu ưu đãi Chênh lệch giá chiết khấu Hạn chế giá Hệ số giá trên thu nhập một cổ phần Tiền vốn Admins Group Page 8 . Investments in equity securities A type of financing where an investor purchases a share of the lease revenues of a program rather than the bond being secured by those revenues Low-priced and high risk stock The rate of interest assessed on a loan or investment over a set time period when compounding occurs more than once per year. as to one creditor over another The difference between the higher price paid for a fixed-income security and the security's face amount at issue. Potential issuers of municipal bonds includes cities. The establishment and maintenance of maximum price levels for basic goods and services by a government The most common measure of how expensive a stock is A sum of money lent or invested. A company that offers a service to people by investing their money in various different businesses A mutual fund in which stocks/bonds are sold without a commission or sales charge Unofficial market Total assets minus total liabilities of an individual or company. on which interest is paid Trái phiếu có bảo đảm Trái phiếu đô thị Quỹ tương hỗ Quỹ không thu phí Thị trường phi tập trung Vốn chủ sở hữu Đầu tư vào chứng khoán vốn Chứng chỉ dự phần Cổ phiếu rủi ro Lãi suất theo kỳ Đọc kĩ. redevelopment agencies. For a company. or their agencies.

equal to a fiscal year's earnings divided by its total assets. A measure of how well a company used reinvested earnings to generate additional earnings Investing conservatively An asset which has a certain future return A theoretical bond that repays interest and principal with absolute certainty A means of repaying funds that were borrowed through a bond issue Any of several formulas used to gauge a company's ability to meet its long-term obligations Bond issued by national governments in foreign currencies A stock which is considered to be very risky. in comparison with its expected return A price or rate which changes only slowly Phát hành chứng khoán riêng lẻ Hệ số biên lợi nhuận Tỷ số sinh lời Doanh nghiệp tư nhân Hệ số thanh toán nhanh Mua lại Cục đăng ký Giá trị thuần có thể thực hiện được Thu nhập trên tổng tài sản Thu nhập trên vốn chủ sở hữu E ngại rủi ro Tài sản phi rủi ro Trái phiếu phi rủi ro Quỹ đảm bảo Hệ số khả năng thanh toán Trái phiếu ngoại tệ Cổ phiếu đầu cơ Bền vững Having power or influence that transcends national boundaries or Mang tính chất siêu quốc gia governments Page 9 Admins Group . A class of financial metrics that are used to assess a business's ability to generate earnings as compared to its expenses and other relevant costs incurred during a specific period of time An unincorporated business with one owner who pays personal income tax on profits from the business A measure of a company's liquidity and ability to meet its obligations. To convert into cash An official responsible for keeping a register or official records How much a fixed asset is worth at the end of its lease. expressed as a percentage. or at the end of its useful life A measure of a company's profitability. expressed as a percentage.BONDS & STOCKS 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 Private placement (n) Profit margin (n) Profitability ratio (n) Proprietor (n) Quick ratio (n) Redeem (v) Registrar (n) Residual value (n) Return on assets (n) Return on equity (n) Risk averse (adj) Risk-free asset (n) Risk-free bond (n) Sinking fund (n) Solvency ratio (n) Sovereign bond (n) Speculative stock (n) Stable (adj) ≠ Volatile Supranational (adj) /ˈprʌɪvət/ /ˈpleɪsmənt/ / ˈprɑːfɪt/ /ˈmɑːrdʒən / /ˌprɑːfɪtəˈbɪləti/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /prəˈprʌɪətə/ / kwɪk/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /rɪˈdiːm/ /ˈrɛdʒɪstrɑː/ /rɪˈzɪdjʊəl/ /ˈvaljuː/ / rɪˈtɜːrn/ /ɔːn/ /ˈæset / / rɪˈtɜːrn/ /ɔːn/ /ekwəti/ /risk/ /ə'və:s/ /rɪsk/ /fri/ /ˈæsɛt/ /rɪsk/ /fri/ /bɒnd/ /'sɪŋkin/ /fʌnd/ /ˈsɑːlvənsi/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /ˈsɒvrɪn bɒnd/ /´spekjulətiv/ /stɔk/ /steibl/ /ˌsuprəˈnæʃənl/ The sale of securities to a relatively small number of select investors as a way of raising capital Net profit after taxes divided by sales for a given 12-month period.

BONDS & STOCKS 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 Swap contract (n) Syndicate (n) Tap into (v) Tax.off (n) Treasury bond (n) Underwrite (v) Unnerve (v) Valuation ratio (n) Value stock (n) Variable. Lợi nhuận. lợi tức Đường cong lãi suất Trái phiếu chiết khấu Admins Group Page 10 . A broad ratio that is used in measuring the percentage of a company's assets that are financed by debt. equal to a money market reference rate.exempt bonds Total debt to total assets Trade. Hợp đồng hoán đổi Công đoàn Gia nhập. and use different criteria or formulas to determine their respective payments A group of individuals or organizations combined to undertake some specific duty To penetrate A bond’s interest payments are not subject to federal income tax. and sometimes also state or local income tax. A balance achieved between two desirable but incompatible features. as opposed to a great stock at a good price Bonds that have a variable coupon. thâm nhập Trái phiếu miễn thuế Hệ số nợ trên tổng tài sản Sự cân bằng Trái phiếu kho bạc Bảo hiểm.rate bond (n) Yield (n) Yield curve (n) Zero coupon bond (n) / swɒp/ /ˈkɒntrækt / /ˈsɪndɪkɪt/ /tæp/ /'intu/ /taks/ /ɪgˈzɛm(p)t/ /bɒnd/ / ˈtoʊtl/ /det/ /tu/ /ˈtoʊtl/ /ˈæset/ /treɪd/ /ɒf/ /ˈtrɛʒ(ə)ri/ /bɒnd/ /'ʌndərait/ /ʌnˈnɜːv/ /væljuˈeɪʃn/ /ˈreɪʃioʊ/ /'vælju:/ /stɔk/ /ˈveəriəbl/ /reɪt/ /bɒnd/ /ji:ld/ / jiːld kɜːv / /ˈzɪərəʊ/ /ˈkuːpɒn/ /bɒnd / A contract between two parties in which the parties promise to make payments to one another on scheduled dates in the future. like LIBOR or federal funds rate plus a spread. The annual rate of return on an investment. đảm bảo Làm suy nhược Hệ số định giá Cổ phiếu giá trị Trái phiếu có lãi suất thả nổi. a compromise A bond issued by a national government and backed by its full faith and credit. To accept financial responsibility for an activity so that you will pay for special costs or for losses it may make To make sb feel nervous or frightened or lose confidence A ratio used to analyze the attractiveness of an investment in a company A stock considered to be a good stock at a great price. and matures at its face value. expressed as a percentage A curve that shows the relationship between yields and maturity for a set of similar bonds at a given point in time A bond which pays no coupons. is sold at a deep discount to its face value. based on its fundamentals.

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