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ASSIGNMENT

Advance Construction Technology (160601)
Pile Foundation 1 What is the meaning of the term pile foundation? Enumerate the situation demanding the use of pile foundations. 2 What is the difference between bearing piles and friction piles? How can the friction resistance of piles be increased? 3 What are the purposes for which steel piles are used as the load bearing piles? Described briefly each of them. 4 What do a screw piles mean? Mention the situation, which are unsuitable for a screw pile. 5 How is a pile tested for its load bearing capacity? Describe the method of pile load tests. 6 Described the various types of pile hammers, which are used in the process of pile driving. What are the points to be observed in the process of pile driving? 7 Mention the probable causes of failures of the pile foundations. 8 Mention the various formulas, which are applied to determine the load carrying capacity of a pile. 9 Write short notes on the following: o Timber sheet pile o Franki piles o Pile cap and pile shoe o Simplex pile o Pile spacing 10 Differentiate between the following: ⇒ Load bearing piles and non-load bearing piles ⇒ Box piles and tube piles ⇒ Swage piles and button-bottom piles 11 Gives sketches of the following:  Composite pile  Dolphins  Pedestal pile  Vibro pile 1 2 3 Caissons Define a caisson and point out the factors to be considered while making a choice between cofferdam and caisson What are box caissons? How are they constructed and which are the conditions favorable for their construction? What is a well foundation? What are its different types? Mention the cases where each one is suitable.

Write short notes on the following: o Earth-fill cofferdam o Sand-bag cofferdam o Suspended cofferdam o Concrete cofferdam o Cellular cofferdam o Rock-fill cofferdam o Construction of wood or steel sheeting cofferdam What are the measures employed to prevent leakage in cofferdam? 1 2 3 4 5 . enumerate the advantage of drilled caisson. Enumerate the factor. What are dikes? What is their use? Discuss in detail Ohio river type wood sheeting cofferdam. disadvantages and uses. which influence the choice of a particular type of cofferdam. 10 Differentiate between the following: ⇒ Working chamber and medical chamber ⇒ Uniform rate of decompression and stage of decompression ⇒ Air-lock and man-lock 11 Gives sketches of the following:  Cutting edges  Common shapes of well  Cylinder on pile cap Cofferdams Define cofferdam. o Man-locks o Tilted caissons o Single wells or cylinders 8 Enumerate the loads coming on a caisson. What is a pneumatic caisson? Where is it adopted? How is it constructed? What are the disadvantages of pneumatic caisson? What is caisson sickness? How is it caused? What are the precautions to be taken to avoid cassion sickness? 7 Write short notes on the following: o Method employed for the Floating of caissons o Methods used to facilitate the sinking of caissons. 9 Describe the two methods of construction of drilled caisson.4 5 6 What are monoliths? Describe their method of construction and point out their advantages. What are the points to be kept in mind while constructing a cofferdam? Mention the uses of a cofferdam.

limitations of freezing process? Briefly explain the process of electro-osmosis for dewatering the foundation trenches. Write short notes on following: o Vibro-flotation o Pumping method for ground water excavation o Various types of grouting. Control of ground water in excavation Describe in detail the process of well-point system for dewatering the foundation trenches. which are used for preparing formwork. Write short notes on the following: o Cost of formwork o Centering of big arches o Removal of forms o Maintenance of formwork o Slip formwork What are the advantages of steel formwork over timber formwork? Give sketches of the following:  Formwork for column  Formwork for stairs  Formwork for R. ⇒ Single wall cofferdam and double wall cofferdam Give sketches of the following:  Section of wood sheeting cofferdam  Section of cellular cofferdam  An earth dikes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 . Temporary works Why is formwork necessary? What are the requirements of formwork? Describe the material.6 7 Differentiate between the following: ⇒ Earth dike and rock dike ⇒ Cellular cofferdam with diaphragm cell and cellular cofferdam with circular cells.C. What are the advantages. and advantages.C Floor  What is slip formwork? Explain their operation. What are the essential parts of a well point system Draw the layout plan of the well point system? Explain the different types of well-point system Mention various method of dewatering the foundation trenches and describe in detail any three methods. Describe the method of freezing process for dewatering the foundation trenches. uses.

C. effect of earthquake on buildings. 7 How do you make R. . horizontal layout and vertical layout of building for its performance during an earthquake. Epicenter distance. 11 12 13 14 Explain in brief demolition of structure. 5 Explain the effects of size. 9 What do you understand by shear walls? Why are these provided in R.C. Write short notes on safety during demolition. buildings? 10 Write a note on ‘twisting effect’ on building due to earthquake. Construction of earthquake resistance buildings 1 Explain in brief the causes of earthquake 2 Define: (a) Focus. Explain in detail various method of demolition. geometry. buildings earthquake resistance? 8 Explain how do you reduce earthquake effect in important buildings. Focal depth. Mention the general rules to be observed to avoid the failure of formwork. (b) Differentiate clearly between ‘magnitude’ and ‘intensity’ of an earthquake. Write short notes on following: o Pre-stressed structure o Spatial structure o Tall structure o Base isolation 15 Differentiate between tall structure and spatial structure. Epicenter. Differentiate between forms and moulds. 6 Write a note on horizontal bands provided in masonry buildings.6 7 Explain the lifting of slip formwork. 3 What do you understand by seismic zones? Write a note on seismic zones of India. 4 Explain with the help of diagram.