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Engineering thermodynamics Questions: 1.

During the working stroke of an engine the heat transferred out of the system was 150kJ/Kg of the working substance. Determine the work done, when the internal energy is decreased by 400 kJ/ Kg. Also state whether the work done on or by the engine. 2. In a vessel 10Kg of O2 is heated in a reversible non-flow constant volume process, so that the pressure of O2 is increased two times that of initial value. The initial temperature is 20°C. Calculate the final temperature, change in internal energy, change in enthalpy, and heat transfer. Take R= 0.259 kJ/Kg.K and Cv = 0.625 kJ/Kg.K for oxygen. 3. An ideal gas of molecular weight 30 and specific heat ratio 1.4 is compressed according to the law pV1.25 = C from 1 bar absolute and 27°C to a pressure of 16 bar (abs). Calculate the temperature at the end of compression, the heat received or rejected, work done on the gas during the process and change in enthalpy. Assume mass of the gas as 1kg. 4. A gas of mass 0.35kg pressure 1535 kN/m2. The gas is then heated at constant volume until it reaches 335°C, when its pressure is found to be 275kN/m2 obtained. Draw the p-V diagram and find out the following (i) the value of adiabatic index, (ii) change in internal energy during adiabatic process, and (iii) heat transfer during constant volume process. Take Cp = 1.005 kJ/kg K. 5. 5 kg of air at 40°C and 1 bar is heated in a reversible non-flow constant pressure until the volume is doubled. Find (i) change in volume (ii) work done (iii) change in internal energy (iv) Change in enthalpy. 6. 0.25 kg of air at a pressure of 1 bar occupies a volume of 0.3 m 3. If this air expands isothermally to a volume of 0.9 m3. Find (i) the initial temperature, (ii) final temperature (iii) external work done, (iv) Heat absorbed by the air (v) change in internal energy. Assume R = 0.29 KJ/ K. 7. Air flows steadily at the rate of 0.5 kg/s through an air compressor entering at 7 m/s velocity, 100 kPa pressures and 0.95 m3/kg, volume and leaving at 5m/s, 700 kPa and 0.19 m3/kg. The internal energy of the air leaving is 90 kJ/kg greater than that of the air entering. Cooling water in the compressor jackets absorbs heat from the air at the rate of 58 kW. a) Compute the rate of shaft work input to the air in Kw. b) find the ratio of the inlet pipe diameter to the outlet pipe diameter. 8. In a steady flow system, a working substance flows at a rate of 4 kg/s enters a pressure of 620 kN/m2 at a velocity of 300 m/s. The internal energy is 2100 kJ/kg and specific volume 0.37 m 3/kg. During its passage in the system, the substance has a heat transfer of loss of 30 kJ/kg to its surroundings. Determine the power of the system. State that its is from or to the system.