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Switchgear and Substations

3.3 Low-Voltage Switchgear

3.3.2 Dimensioning of Power Distribution Systems
When the basic supply concept for the electricity supply system has been established, it is necessary to dimension the electrical power system. Dimensioning means the sizing rating of all equipment and components to be used in the power system.

have effects on the neighboring higher-level or all lower-level network sections (high testing expense, high planning risk). Dimensioning principles For each circuit, the dimensioning process comprises the selection of one or more switching protective devices to be used at the beginning or end of a connecting line, and the selection of the connecting line itself (cable/line or busbar connection) after considering the technical features of the corresponding switching protective devices. For supply circuits in particular, dimensioning also includes rating the power sources. The objectives of dimensioning may vary depending on the circuit type. The dimensioning target of overload and short-circuit protection can be attained in correlation to the mounting location of the protective equipment. Devices applied at the end of a connecting line can ensure overload protection for this line at best, not, however, short-circuit protection. Circuit types The basic dimensioning rules and standards listed in fig. 3.3-2 principally apply to all circuit types. In addition, there are specific requirements for these circuit types that are explained in detail below.


The dimensioning target is to obtain a technically permissible combination of switching protective devices and connecting lines for each circuit in the power system. Basic rules In principle, circuit dimensioning should be performed in compliance with the technical rules standards listed in fig. 3.3-2. Cross-circuit dimensioning When selected network components and systems are matched, an economically efficient overall system can be designed. This cross-circuit matching of network components may bear any degree of complexity, because subsequent modifications to certain components, e.g., a switch or protective device, may

Overload protection

IEC 60364-4-43

DIN VDE 0100-430

Short-circuit protection

IEC 60364-4-43/ IEC 60364-5-54

DIN VDE 0100-430/ DIN VDE 0100-540

Protection against electric shock

IEC 60364-4-41

DIN VDE 0100-410

Voltage drop static / dynamic

IEC 60364-5-52 IEC 60038

DIN VDE 0100-520 VDE 0175

Selectivity static / dynamic

IEC 60364-7-710 IEC 60364-7-718 IEC 60947-2 IEC 60898-1

DIN VDE 0100-710 DIN VDE 0100-718 DIN EN 60947-2 DIN EN 60898-1

Fig. 3.3-2: Relevant standards for circuit dimensioning


Siemens Energy Sector Power Engineering Guide Edition 7.0