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Switchgear and Substations

3.3 Low-Voltage Switchgear
Double-front installations In the double-front installation, the panels are positioned in a row next to and behind one another. The main advantage of a double-front installation is the extremely economic design through the supply of the branch circuits on both operating panels from one main busbar system. The "double-front unit" system structure is required for the assignment of certain modules. A double-front unit (fig. 3.3-14) consists of at least 2 and a maximum of 4 panels. The width of the double-front unit is determined by the widest panel (1) within the double-front unit. This panel can be placed on the front or rear side of the doublefront unit. Up to three panels (2), (3), (4) can be placed on the opposite side. The sum of the panel widths (2) to (4) must be equal to the width of the widest panel (1). The panel combination within the double-front unit is possible for all technical installations with the following exceptions. Exceptions The following panels determine the width of the double-front unit and may only be combined with an empty panel. Bus sectionalizer unit 5,000 A incoming / outgoing feeder 6,300 A incoming / outgoing feeder Weights The panel weights as listed in table 3.3-5 should be used for the transportation and dimensioning of building structures such as cable basements and false floors.

Double-front installations – top view
Double-front installations only with main busbar system at the rear

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Double-front units


Fig. 3.3-14: Panel arrangement of double-front installations

Environmental conditions for switchgear The climate and other external conditions (natural foreign substances, chemically active pollutants, small animals) may affect the switchgear to a varying extent. The effect depends on the heating / air-conditioning systems of the switchgear room. If higher concentrations are present, pollutant-reducing measures are required, for example: Air-intake for operating room from a less contaminated point Slightly pressurizing the operating room (e.g. by blowing uncontaminated air into the switchgear) Switchgear room air conditioning (temperature reduction, relative humidity < 60 %, if necessary, use air filters) Reduction of temperature rise (oversizing of switchgear or components such as busbars and distribution bars) Power losses The power losses listed in table 3.3-5 are approximate values for a panel with the main circuit of functional units to determine the power loss to be discharged from the switchgear room.

Rated current [A] Size 630–1,600 Circuit-breaker design with 3WL (withdrawable unit) 2,000–3,200 4,000 4,000–6,300 Universal mounting design panel (incl. withdrawable units, fixed mounting with front doors) 3NJ4 in-line-type switch-disconnector panel (fixed mounting) 3NJ6 in-line-type switch-disconnector design panel (plugged) Reactive power compensation panel Table 3.3-5: Average weights of the panels including busbar (without cable) Size I Size II Size III Size III

Minimum panel width [mm] 400 600 800 1,000 1,000 600 1,000 800

Approx. weight [kg] 340 510 770 915 400 360 415 860

Siemens Energy Sector Power Engineering Guide Edition 7.0