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4 Products and Devices

4.1 High Voltage Circuit Breakers
4.1.1 Circuit Breakers for 72.5 kV up to 800 kV
Circuit breakers are the central part of AIS and GIS switchgear. They have to meet high requirements in terms of: Reliable opening and closing Consistent quenching performance with rated and short-circuit currents even after many switching operations High-performance, reliable, maintenance-free operating mechanisms. Technology reflecting the latest state of the art and years of operating experience are put to use in constant further development and optimization of Siemens circuit breakers. This makes Siemens circuit breakers able to meet all the demands placed on high-voltage switchgear. The comprehensive quality system is certified according to DIN EN ISO 9001. It covers development, manufacturing, sales, commissioning and after-sales service. Test laboratories are accredited to EN 45001 and PEHLA/STL. The modular design Circuit breakers for air-insulated switchgear are individual components, and are assembled together with all individual electrical and mechanical components of an AIS installation on site. Due to the consistent application of a modular design, all Siemens circuit breaker types, whether air-insulated or gas-insulated, are made up of the same range of components based on our well-proven platform design (fig. 4.1-1): Interrupter unit Operating mechanism Sealing system Operating rod Control elements. Interrupter unit – self-compression arc-quenching principle The Siemens product range from 72.5 kV up to 800 kV includes high-voltage circuit breakers with self-compression interrupter units – for optimum switching performance under every operating condition for every voltage level. Self-compression circuit breakers 3AP high-voltage circuit breakers for the complete voltage range ensure optimum use of the thermal energy of the arc in the contact cylinder. This is achieved by the self-compression interrupter unit. Siemens patented this method for arc quenching in 1973. Since that time, Siemens has continued to develop the technology of the self-compression interrupter unit. One of its technical innovations is that the arc energy is increasingly used to extinguish the arc. In short-circuit breaking operations, the actuating energy required is reduced to the energy needed for mechanical contact movement. That means that the operating energy is truly minimized. The self-compression interrupter unit allows the use of a compact stored-energy spring mechanism that provides unrestricted high dependability. Stored-energy spring mechanism – for the complete product range The operating mechanism is a central part of the high-voltage circuit breakers. The drive concept of the 3AP high-voltage circuit breakers is based on the stored-energy spring principle. The use of such an operating mechanism for voltage ranges of up to 800 kV became appropriate as a result of the development of a self-compression interrupter unit that requires minimal actuating energy. Advantages of the stored-energy spring mechanism are: Highest degree of operational safety: It is a simple and sturdy design and uses the same principle for rated voltages from 72.5 kV up to 800 kV with just a few moving parts. Due to the self-compression design of the interrupter unit, only low actuating forces are required. Availability and long service life: Minimal stressing of the latch mechanisms and rolling-contact bearings in the operating mechanism ensure reliable and wear-free transmission of forces. Maintenance-free design: The spring charging gear is fitted with wear-free spur gears, enabling load-free decoupling. Siemens circuit breakers for rated voltage levels from 72.5 kV up to 800 kV are equipped with self-compression interrupter units and stored-energy spring mechanisms. For special technical requirements such as rated short-circuit breaking currents of 80 kA, Siemens can offer twin-nozzle circuit breaker series 3AQ or 3AT with an electrohydraulic mechanism.

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Siemens Energy Sector Power Engineering Guide Edition 7.0