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Astronauts in stable orbits round the earth are in a state of weightlessness because (a) there is no gravitational force acting on them (b) the gravitational force of sun and earth balance (c) satellite has a acceleration equal to that of gravitational acceleration there (d) there is no atmosphere at the height at which the satellite more Q282. Which of the statements is false. The gravitational force between two bodies (a) depends on the magnitude of the masses of the bodies (b) the distribution of the mass in each body (c) becomes one fourth when the distance between them is doubled (d) depends on the nature of the medium between the bodies Q283. The gravitational field at P due to a uniform solid sphere of radius R and centre O is (a) inversely proportional to OP if OP R (b) inversely proportional to OP if OP < R (c) inversely proportional to square of OP if OP > P (d) directly proportional to square of OP if OP < R Q284. A string passes through a smooth hole O on a smooth horizontal table. A particle attached to one end of the string describes circular motion of radius r0 on the with O as centre. The other end of the string is pulled vertically down slowly at constant speed when the distance of the particle from O is r ( < r0) (a) its kinetic energy is unchanged (b) its kinetic energy has decreased (c) its kinetic energy has increased (d) its potential energy has increased Q285. The dimensions of G, the universal gravitation constant are (a) M3 L3 T2 (b) M1 L2 T3 (c) M1 L3 T2 (d) M1 L3 T1 Q286. The escape velocity from a planet of mass M and radius R is given by

1 (c) GM / R 2MR / G (d) R / GM 2 Q287. The value of acceleration due to gravity at a point above the surface of the earth is 9.8 m/s2. If the earth suddenly shrinks to half its size uniformly without any change in its mass, the value of g at that point will now be (a) 4.9 ms2 (b) 2 9.8 ms2 (c) 9.8 ms2 (d) 9.8/2 ms2 Q288. The value of acceleration due to gravity is minimum (a) at the equator (b) at the pole (c) at the centre of the earth (d) at the highest point on the surface of the earth Q289. The escape velocity from earth (a) velocity with which any body is thrown from the surface of the earth (b) velocity with which earth rotates abut its axis (c) velocity with which earth moves around the sun (d) the minimum velocity imparted to a body so that its escapes the gravitational attraction of the earth Q290. For a body launched from the surface of the earth with velocity equal to the escape velocity, on just escaping the gravitation pull of the earth (a) only its kinetic energy will be zero (b) only its potential energy will be zero (c) its total energy will be zero (d) both kinetic and potential energies will be zero Q291. The escape velocity for a rocket on earth is 11.2 km/sec. Its value on a planet where acceleration due to gravity is double that on the earth and whose diameter is double that of earth, will be (in km s1) (a) 11.2 (b) 5.6 (c) 22.4 (d) 44.8 Q292. If the change in the value of g at height h above the surface of the earth is the same as at a depth x below it (both h and x being much smaller than earths radius) than,

(a)

2 GM / R

(b)

1 2 h (b) x = h (c) x = h (d) x = 2h 2 2 Q293. The diameter of the earth is 10 time that of moon and the gravitational acceleration at the surface of the earth is six times that at the surface of the moon. The ratio of the escape velocity from earth to that from the moon is nearly (a) 1 (b) 1.6 (c) 6 (d) 8 Q294. The distances of Saline and Nepline from the sun are 109 km and 1010 km respectively. Assuming their motion in circular orbits, their periods are in the ratio (a) 10 (b) 1010 (c) 100 (d) 10000 Q295. A satellite of mass m revolves in circular orbit at a height h from the earths surface. If R is the radius of earth and g, the acceleration due to gravity on its surface, the velocity of the satellite in orbit is given by (a) x =

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(a) gR2/R + h

(b) gR

(c)

gR / R + h

(d)

gR 2 / R + h

Q296. A hollow spherical metallic vessel is filled with sand. The sand leaks through a small hole at the bottom. As the sand leaks, the centre of gravity of the system will (a) remain fixed (b) shift upward continuously (c) shift downward continuously (d) shift downward in the beginning and then upward when it is nearly empty. Q297. Mass has about 1/10 th as much mass as the earth and half as great a diameter. The acceleration of a falling body on mass is about (a) 9.8 ms2 (b) 1.96 ms2 (c) 3.92 ms2 (d) 4.9 ms2 Q298. For the earth (mass M and radius R), the ratio of the gravitational acceleration to the gravitation constant is (a) R2/M (b) MR2 (c) M/R2 (d) M/R Q299. An object weighs W N on the earth. It is suspended from the spring balance which is fixed to ceiling of a space capsule in stable orbit around the earth. The reading in the spring balance will be (a) W (b) more than W (c) less than W (d) zero Q300. A hole is drilled through the centre of the earth along a diameter and a stone is dropped into it. When the stone is at the centre of the earth, it has a finite (a) mass (b) weight (c) acceleration (d) potential energy Q301. If g is the acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface, the gain in the potential energy of an object of mass m raised from earths surface to a height equal to its radius is (a) mgR/2 (b) 2 mgR (c) mgR/2 (d) 2 mgR Q302. The escape velocity for a body projected vertically upwards from the surface of the earth is 11.2 km s1. If the body is projected in a direction making an angle 45 with the vertical, it escape velocity will be (a) 11.2 2 km s1 (b) 11.2 2 km s1 (c) 11.2 km s-1 (d) 2 11.2 km s1 Q303. An oscillating pendulum is allowed to fall freely under gravity along with its support. The times period of oscillation will (a) increase (b) decrease (c) reduce to zero (d) become infinite Q304. When a body is taken from the earth to the moon (a) its weight and mass remain unchanged (b) its weight decrease but its mass remains unchanged (c) its weight remains unchanged but its mass decreases (d) both its weight and mass decreases Q305. A stone is dropped in to a hole which passes through the centre of the earth along its diameter. Then (a) the stone will go on moving with ever increasing velocity (b) on reaching the centre of the earth its velocity will become zero (c) it will start oscillating with simple harmonic motion (d) it will escape from other side of the hole Q306. If the length of a simple pendulum is doubled, its time period will change in the ratio of (a) 1/2 : 1 (b) 1/2 : 1 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 2 : 1 Q307. From the circular lamina of radius 14 cm a circular disc of radius 7 cm is cut off an shown. The position of centre of gravity of the remaining body is 14 cm on the line AB will be at a point B (a) 3.5 cm away from the point A on the right A 7 cm (b) 3.5 cm away from the point A on the left (c) 2.33 cm away from the point A on the left (d) coincident with point A Q308. The centre of gravity of a triangular uniform lamina is at the intersection of (a) its altitudes (b) its medians (c) its bisection of angles (d) none of the above, can be any where depending upon the weight Q309. Keplers second law is aerial velocity of a planet around the sum is a consequence of (a) law of conservation of angular momentum (b) law of conservation of linear momentum

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(c) law of conservation of energy (d) Newtons gravitational law Q310. A particle starts from rest from the point P on the frictionless sphere of radius R shown in figure and slides under the force of gravity. It will fly off the sphere after (a) its potential energy has decreased by mgR/3 (b) it has traveled a distance R/3 along the surface of the sphere (c) it has fallen through a verticals distance 2 R/3 (d) it has reached the point A on the sphere

Q311. An object is taken from a point A to another point B in a gravitational field. Then which of the following is wrong. (a) If both A and B lie on the earths surface (assumed spherical), the work done is zero. (b) If A is on the earths surface and B above it, the work done will be minimum of the object is taken along straight line path (c) The work done depends on the locations of A & B (d) The work done is independent of the path followed between A & B Q312. An earth satellite can move only in the plane (a) of equator (b) perpendicular to equator plane (c) parallel to the equator plane (d) containing the centre of the earth Q313. For the earth moving around the sun in its orbit, which of the statement is false (a) There is attractive force acting on the earth along the radius vector. But in opposite direction (b) The torque on the earth causes it to move in an elliptical orbit (c) The earth moves faster when it is closer to run then when it is farthest to the sun (d) The earth moves in a plane around the sun Q314. Which of the following statements concerning gravitation constant G and acceleration due to gravity g is false. (a) G is universal constant, while g varies from place to place m earth between different pairs of bodies (b) G varies between different pairs of bodies (c) G has the same value on all planets (d) g varies from planet to planet Q315. A particle slides from rest under gravity from the highest point of a vertical circle of radius r along a straight chord of the circle. Which of the following statement will be true ? (a) the time of descent will be maximum along the vertical diameter of the circle (b) the time of descent will be minimum along the vertical diameter of the circle (c) the time of descent will be more for the chord of longer length (d) the time of descent will be same along all chords Q316. A planet has a satellite whose period of revolution is T and its distance from the centre of planet is r. The mass of the planet can be expressed as [G = Gravitational count]

T GT r GT 2 Q317. An artificial earth satellite A makes one revolution around the earth in two hours. A second satellite B is observed to take 8 hours to complete one revolution. The ratio of the distances rA and rB of the two satellites from the centre of earth is (a) 2 (b) 1/2 (c) 1/232 (d) 1/(2) 3 Q318. An object is released from a height R/2 above the surface of a planet of radius R. If gravitation field at the surface of the planet is g, the speed with which the object would strike the planet is given by (a) 3gR (b) gR (c) 4gR / 3 (d) 2gR / 3

(a) M =

r3

2

(b) M =

2r 3

2

(c) M =

2GT 2

3

(d) M =

4 2 r 3

Q319. In a satellite moving around any planet, the gravitational force is effectively balanced. If an ice cube exists there after it melts with passage of time, its shape will (a) remain unchanged (b) change to spherical (c) become oral shaped with long axis along the orbit plane (d) become oralshaped oval Q320. The weight of a body at the centre of the earth is (a) zero (b) infinity (c) more than its weight at the surface of the earth

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(d) less than its weight at the surface of the earth Q321. A satellite in orbit (a) does not require energy for its motion (b) derives energy from run (c) moves under the gravitational force of earth only (d) is kept in orbit by ground control Q322. Newtons law of Gravitational states that gravitational force between two mass points m1 and m2 a distance r away is m m F = 1 2 2 . Which of the following statements is not true for this force r (a) Gravitational forces between m1 &m2 is an actionreaction pair (b) The force F acts along the line joining m1 & m2 (c) G has same value for all pairs of masses m1 and m2 on earth (d) G has different values for pairs of masses m1 and m2 on the planets. Q323. A charged particle of mass m experiences an acceleration in an electric field which is inversely proportion to the mass. The relevant mass in question is (a) gravitational mass (b) inertial mass (c) any of the twogravitational mss or inertial mass (d) neither gravitation nor inertial mass Q324. A body of mass m when hung from a spring balance on the surface of the earth produces air extension in the spring of the balance which is proportional to the mass of the body. The mass in question is (a) inertial mass (b) gravitational mass (c) neither the inertial nor gravitational mass (d) either inertial or gravitational mass Q325. If the distance r between two mass is changed by an amount dr, the fractional change in the gravitational force (dF/F) between them is given by (a) dr/2r (b) dr/2r (c) 2dr/r (d) 2dr/r Q326. In going up from earths surface at a distance by an amount dr, the fractional change in the value of acceleration due to gravity dg/g is given by

1 dr 1 dr dr 2dr (b) (c) 2 (d) 2 r 2 r r r Q327. It is known that value of acceleration due to gravity g varies on the surface of the earth being maximum at poles and minimum at equator. If earth were a perfect sphere the value of g will be (a) more at pole than at equator (b) more at equator than at the poles (c) equal at all points in the surface of the earth (d) will be zero at equator and gradually increase with distance towards the pole Q328. The motion of earth around its axis results in (a) decrease in the value of g at the equator (b) increase in the value of g at the equator (c) decrease in the value of g at the pole (d) increase in the value of g at the poles Q329. For a body hanging with a spring balance at the equator of the earth. Which of the following statements is false (a) The upward pull of the spring balances not exactly the gravitational force between body and earth (b) The body is not in equilibrium because it experience a centripetal acceleration (c) There is a net force acting on the body towards the centre of the earth (d) there is a not force acting on the body outwards from the centre of the earth Q330. If earth were to start rotating faster around its axis, then (a) weight of bodies on equator will increase (b) weight of bodies on poles will increase (c) weight of bodies on equator will decrease (d) weight of bodies on poles will decrease (a)

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Q331. A planet revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit of eccentricity e. The ratio of time spent by the planet between ends of the inner axis close to the sun to the period of revolution is (a) 1 (b) 1/2 (c) less than 1/2 (d) more than 1/2 Q332. The longest period of a simple pendulum in the vicinity of earths surface is nearly (a) 1 sec (b) 1 minute (c) 84.3 min. (d) 60 min. Q333. The binding energy of the earth system (assured circular orbit) can be given by [Me(Ms) eart (sun) ; res = distance between then)

(a) G

MeMs res

(b) G

MeMs 2 res

(c) 2

GM e M s res

(d) G

2 Me re

Q334. The ratio of the kinetic energy of earth due to its motion around the sun (assumed circular path) to the potential energy of earthsun system is (a) 1/2 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 1/2 Q335. Consider the motion of a satellite of mass m about a planet of mass M in a circular orbit of radius r. The total energy of the planet can be written as

Gmm GMm (c) (d) infinite 2r 2r Q336. Which of the following statements abut gravitational force between two bodies is wrong (a) Gravitational force is a central force (b) Gravitational fore is a conservation force (c) Gravitational force is always a attractive force (d) Gravitational force can not be deceived from a potential Q337. The keplers first law that the orbit of a planet around sun is an ellipse is a consequence of (a) inverse square nature of gravitational force (b) conservation of angular momentum (c) conservation of energy (d) conservation of linear momentum Q338. The gravitational potential energy of a body of mass m on the surface of earth (mass M radius R) can be gravity

(a) zero

(b)

r r2 Q339. The fact that the value of acceleration due to gravity steadily increase from equator to poles can be explained by (a) spherical shape of the earth (b) rotation of the earth about its axis (c) variation of value of gravitational constant on the surface of the earth (d) earth being a sphere of nonuniform density Q340. For the four fundamental interactions namely gravitational interaction, weak interaction, electromagnetic interaction and nuclear (strong) interaction which of the following statements is not true. (a) Gravitational interaction acts between all particles including photons (b) Electromagnetic interaction acts between all particles currying electric charge (c) Gravitational interaction does not depend upon the charge of the particles (d) Electromagnetic interaction does not depend upon the mass of the particles.

(a)

GMm R

(b)

GMm R

(c)

GMm

2

(d)

GMm

Answers

281. 282. 283. 284. 285. 286. 287. 288. 289. 290. (c) (d): (c): (c): (c): (a): (c): (c): (d): (d): def. def. because of the work done by gravitational force F = GMM/R2 by definition g is determined by mass of earth for the outside its surface no gravitational force at the centre g = 0 definition KE = 0 by def., PE = 0 by def.

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291. 292. 293. 294. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. 306. 307. 308. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. 317. 318. 319. 320. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325.

(c) (a): (d): (b): (d): (d): (b): (c): (d): (a): (a): (c): (d): (b): (c) (a): (c) (b) (a): (a): (b): (d): (b): (b): (d): (d) (c) (d): (b): (a): (c) (d) (b): (b): (c):

inside the surface G varies linearly with x definition Keplers third law centripetal force balanced by gravitational pull. of cals. CG shifts downwards first but moves centre after the sand in out completely definition def. case of free fall no tension recorded by spring ? accel, weight (g), potential energy = zero at centre work done by gravitational force = gain in pot. Energy escape velocity is same in all direction 0 for free fall; T 0 g f has different value on moon expression for time period

Areal velocity is related by Ang. Momentum by a const. where centripetal acel is balance by gravitation pull down ?. Work done is independent of path is gravitational filed satellite is always attracted by gravitational force to centre of earth torque is zero as r & F are along the same two definition component of accel. will be different along each chord giving different velocities.

the KE = charge in Potential Energy effect of gravity will not be there but surface tension will make the surface area to be minium v spherical at the centre g = 0

326. 327. 328. 329. 330. 331. 332. 333. 334. 335. 336. 337.

338. 339. 340.

(d): (a): (a): (d): (c): (c): (c): (b) (a): calculate the ratio straight forwardly (c): total energy = KE + PE = ve because of bond system (d): Gravitational force is conservative F = v / x (a)

(b): Potential v = F x (b): centripetal force is max. at the equator ? at the pole (a): Gravitational force acts between all bodies having non zero rest mass

dg dF GMm = = 2dr / r F = F g r2 as above due to effect of earth circular motion as above centripetal force acts on the body effect of centripetal force will increase when the planet is closes to sun at moves faster. time period for pendulum of infinite length

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