Pre – Lab # 4 - CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

1.

Label the diagrams of anterior, posterior and coronal view of the heart.

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Anterior view

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Posterior view

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Coronal view

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2.

Use the diagram below to illustrate the flow of blood through the heart (use your text book to complete this exercise)

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3.

Name the two principal blood vessels that supply the heart.

4.

Name the vessel that drains blood from the heart into the right atrium.

5.

How many pulmonary veins enter the left atrium?

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6.

Complete the following table using your textbook to list the blood vessels that supply each of the regions.

Region Thoracic Abdominal Brachial Antebrachial Pelvic Femoral Popliteal Patellar Tibal Pedal /

Arteries

Veins

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CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Use Appendix 1 for the list of structures you are responsible for. It is recommended that you attempt to label the diagrams prior to lab, and then use the lab time for reinforcement.

Station 1: Anterior External View of the Heart
Procedure:
1. Identify the structures on the heart model and ensure you have all the structures labeled on your pre-lab exercise.

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Anterior View of the Heart
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Questions:
1. Which chamber of the heart forms the apex?

2. The anterior surface of the heart has a groove between the right and left ventricles. What is located within this groove?

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Station 2: Vessels Supplying the Myocardium
Procedure:
1. Identify the blood vessels on the heart model and record them on the diagram of the anterior view of the heart below.

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Vessels of the Heart

Questions:
1. The left coronary artery divides into which two major arteries?

2. What vessel(s) supplies the muscle of the left ventricle?

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Station 3: Posterior External View of the Heart
Procedure:
1. Identify the structures on the heart model and ensure you have all the structures labeled on your pre-lab exercise.

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Posterior View of the Heart
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Station 4: Coronal View of the Heart
Procedure:
1. Compare the diagram you labeled on your pre-lab to the model here. If necessary label the diagram provided below again.

Coronal view of the Heart Questions: 1. Describe the structural differences between the A-V valves and the semilunar valves. 2. What are the functions of the papillary muscles and the chordae tendinae?

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Station 5: Flow of Blood in the Heart
Procedure:
Arrange the laminated cards from the laboratory and fill in the following chart indicating the correct order of blood flow through the heart. Observe blood flow through the heart using the interactive model.

1.

Superior Vena Cava

2. ______________________ 3. ______________________ 4. ______________________ 5. ______________________ 6. ______________________ 7. ______________________ 8. ______________________ 9. ______________________ 10. ______________________ 11. ______________________ 12. ______________________

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Station 6: Layers of the Heart Wall
Procedure:
1. Locate the layers of the heart wall on the model and record them on the diagram below:

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Layers of the Heart

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Questions:
1. Arrange the layers of the heart wall from inner to outer.

2.

What is another name for epicardium?

3.

How does the thickness of the walls of the atria compare to that of the ventricles?

4.

What type of tissue is the myocardium made of?

5.

Based on your examination of the parietal pericardium, what would happen to blood that escaped from the heart through a ruptured chamber?

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Station 7: Great Vessels of the Thorax
Procedure:
1. Identify each of the vessels on the torso model and record your findings on the diagram below.

Vessels of the Thorax

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Station 8: Major Vessels of the Abdomen

Procedure:
1. Identify the vessels and record your findings on the diagram below.

Vessels of the Abdominal Aorta

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Station 9: Vessels of the Upper Extremity
Procedure:
1. Identify the vessels and record your findings on the diagram below.

Arteries
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Veins

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Station 10: Vessels of the Lower Extremity
Procedure:
1. Identify the posterior and anterior view of the diagrams below and then label the vessels.

Veins

Arteries

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Station 11: Artery and Vein
Procedure:
1. Identify the components of the vein and artery on the model

Artery and Vein

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Station 12: Specialized Circuits – Circle of Willis and Cerebral Vessels
Procedure:
1. Identify the vessels and record your findings on the diagram below.

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Circle of Willis and Cerebral vessels
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Station 13: Specialized circuits – Hepatic Portal System
Procedure:
1. Identify the vessels and record your findings on the diagrams below.

Hepatic Portal System
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Station 14: Specialized circuits – Fetal Circulation
Procedure:
1. Identify the structures on the model of the fetal circulation and record this on the diagram below.

Fetal Circulation
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Station 15: Practice Bellringer

In a Bellringer, you will be given 30 seconds at each station to identify the structures given. Although you can go through this practice bellringer at your own pace, it is recommended that you move through the stations as you would in a test situation. Use the chart below to record your answers. We will take them up at the end of the lab.

1. _________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 4. _________________________________ 5. _________________________________ 6. _________________________________ 7. _________________________________ 8. _________________________________ 9. __________________________________ 10. ___________________________________

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Appendix 1. The following is a list of structures that you are responsible for knowing. Use this list to help guide you through the lab. Remember that in a bellringer situation, you may be asked to identify any of the structures below, and the models used may be different than those used in class.

The Heart: Internal View of the Heart 1. Right Atrium 2. Left Atrium 3. Left Ventricle 4. Right Ventricle 5. Tricuspid Valve 6. Bicuspid Valve 7. Pulmonary Semilunar 8. Aortic Semilunar 9. Papillary Muscles 10. Chordae Tendinae 11. Interventricular Septum 12. Ligamentum Arteriosum The Heart: Anterior External View 1. Left Atrium 2. Right Atrium 3. Left Ventricle 4. Right Ventricle 5. Superior Vena Cava 6. Inferior Vena Cava 7. Aorta Arch 8. Brachiocephalic Trunk 9. Left Common Carotid 10. Left Subclavian 11. Pulmonary Trunk 12. Pulmonary Veins 13. Pulmonary Arteries The Heart: Vessels Supplying the Myocardium 1. Left Coronary Artery 2. Circumflex Branch 3. Anterior Interventricular Branch 4. Right Coronary Artery 5. Marginal Branch 6. Anterior Cardiac Vein 7. Greater Cardiac Vein

The Heart: External Posterior View 1. Descending Aorta 2. Brachiocephalic Artery 3. Left Common Carotid 4. Left Subclavian 5. Pulmonary Arteries 6. Pulmonary Veins 7. Superior Vena Cava 8. Inferior Vena Cava 9. Coronary Sinus 10. Middle Cardiac Vein 11. Posterior Interventricular Septum Layers of the Heart Wall 1. Endocardium 2. Myocardium 3. Epicardium 4. Parietal pericardium 5. Fibrous pericardium Great Vessels of the Thorax Arteries 1. Ascending Aorta 2. Brachiocephalic 3. R Subclavian 4. R Common Carotid 5. L Subclavian 6. L Common Carotid 7. Superior Vena Cava Veins 8. Superior Vena Cava 9. R Brachiocephalic 10. L Brachiocephalic 11. R Subclavian 12. L Subclavian 13. L Internal Jugular 14. R Internal Jugular

Major Vessels of the Abdomen Arteries 1. Abdominal Aorta 2. Renal 3. Celiac Trunk 4. Superior Mesenteric 5. Inferior Mesenteric 6. Common Iliac 7. Internal Iliac 8. External Iliac 9. Femoral Veins 10. Inferior Vena Cava 11. Renal 12. Common Iliac 13. External Iliac 14. Internal Iliac 15. Femoral Vessels of the Upper Extremity Arteries 1. Subclavian 2. Axillary 3. Brachial 4. Radial 5. Ulnar Veins 6. Subclavian 7. Axillary 8. Cephalic 9. Brachial Basilic 10. Median Cubital 11. Ulnar 12. Radial

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Vessels of the Lower Extremity Arteries 1. Femoral 2. Popliteal 3. Anterior Tibial 4. Posterior Tibial 5. Peroneal Veins 6. Femoral 7. Great Saphenous 8. Popliteal 9. Anterior Tibial 10. Posterior Tibial Vessels and Ducts of the Liver 1. Gall bladder 2. Cystic duct 3. Hepatic duct 4. Hepatic artery 5. Hepatic portal vein 6. Inferior vena cava

Specialized Circuits Circle of Willis 1. Anterior Cerebral 2. Internal Cerebral 3. Middle Cerebral 4. Posterior Cerebral 5. Basilar 6. Vertebral Hepatic Portal System 1. Inferior Mesenteric V 2. Superior Mesenteric V 3. Splenic V 4. Hepatic Portal V 5. Inferior Vena Cava Fetal Circulation 1. Placenta 2. Umbilical Cord 3. Umbilical Artery 4. Umbilical Vein 5. Liver 6. Ductus Venosus 7. Hepatic Portal Vein 8. Foramen Ovale 9. Ductus Arteriosus

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