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Automation and Drives Automation and Drives

SIMATIC PCS 7

PROFIBUS
AS BU Dou Lianwang SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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AS BU

Applications in Process Industry


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Automation and Drives

Value Transmission Technology


4-20 mA, HART, fieldbus

analog

4...20 mA

analog + digital (hybrid)

digital
AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

Value Transmission Technology

Fewer analog-to-digital conversions

process control
16 bit 16 bit 16 bit

CPU D

mA

CPU

16 bit

CPU

CPU

AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Value Transmission Technology


More accurate values / more information

Automation and Drives

process control
16 bit 16 bit 16 bit

D CPU

0-65535

D CPU

16 bit

10-38-10+38
CPU
= PI 012 = 1.1 = 0M60237 = 70,32 = 23,02 = mbar = OK = temperature high
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D CPU

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Identification tag: software version: serial number: etc. ..... 1st process value 2nd process value engineering unit status diagnosis
SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

Customer Prioritization of Fieldbus Benefits

50 Survey Respondents 40 30 20 10 0
Sa vin Pr gs ev en tiv eM ain Co t. n tr ol in Fie ld
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Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Pr o

AS BU

s t. ns ics ms ion in ng i a st m at tio av no all ra S Co t eM e s g ag e iv Op Di rin ot f In i ict e o m d W ed vic se re Re ov r P Ea De mp I

du ct io n

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS
Analogy: Communicatio n between people

Standardized for all industrial application


Standardized for field devices in process industry Temperature Pressure Flow Positioners Analysers etc. Specific Application Profiles II

PA Devices Process Field Devices PA Devices

Weighing & Dosage Weighing & Dosage

PROFIdrive PROFIdrive PROFIdrive V2.0 and V3.0 V2.0 and V3.0

RIO for PA Remote I/O RIO for PA

Specialised vocabulary: Engineers Lawyers Doctors

Language : e.g. English

One uniform Transmission Protocol

IEC 61158/61784

PROFIBUS DP
Optical Glass Single Mode Glass Multi Mode PCF / Plastic Bus powered MBP-IS: Manchester Bus Powered (Intrinsically Safe)

Physics: AS BU Dou Lianwang E-Mail, Letter, Air

Transmission Electrical RS 485 Technology

RS 485-IS (Intrinsically Safe)

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Only one protocol PROFIBUS DP - for PROFIBUS DP and PA !! Huge application area due to standardized application profiles Vendor independent device descriptions (EDD, GSD, FDT/DTM)
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Integration Technologies Universal Descriptions GSD, EDD, FDT/DTM

Common Application Profiles I

PROFIsafe, Time Stamp, Redundancy, etc.

Encoder Encoder

SEMI SEMI

Ident Ident

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS DP and PA

SPS/PLC

PC

PROFIBUS DP

T
segment coupler PROFIBUS PA

T
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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS PA

remote power supply and communication in 2-wire technology (EEx and standard) integrated reverse-connect protection possible fixed transmission rate of 31.25 kBit/s up to 32 participants per segment (up to 10 for EEx-ia IIC applications) line length up to 1900 m (EEx up to 1000 m)

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS PA
Manchester II Code

Bits:

I
19 mA I B =10 mA 1 mA

1 Bit 1 Bit
AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS PA
FISCO model

FISCO = Fieldbus Intrinsically Safe Concept Features: devices are current sinks only one segment coupler powers device capacity and inductivity are limited limited line length to 1000 m limited spur length to 30 m/device, not cascaded Advantages: no calculation of intrinsic safety
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simple connection simple to be extended

no EEx system certification necessary!


SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA 10

Bus powered supply PROFIBUS DP UBUS = 24 V I BUS = < 400 mA PROFIBUS PA MBP

PROFIBUS PA

Automation and Drives

Max. 1900 m

PROFIBUS DP UBUS = 13,5 V I BUS = < 110 mA for ia / ib IIC

PROFIBUS PA MBP-IS

Max. 1000 m

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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PROFIBUS PA

Automation and Drives

Intrinsic safety of 2-wire devices

PROFIBUS DP trunk line PROFIBUS PA spurs

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No. of nodes Max. spur length

1-10 30 m

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Line topology with spurs

PROFIBUS PA

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS DP trunk line PROFIBUS PA spurs

No. of nodes
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1-12 120 m

13-14 90 m

15-18 60 m

19-24 30 m

25-32 1m

Max. spur length

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Chicken foot topology

PROFIBUS PA

Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS DP 10 m 6m PROFIBUS PA 200 m 5m

8m

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Architecture of a PROFIBUS Control System

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Network Architectures for Process Automation


PROFIBUS based System
Fully distributed architecture PROFIBUS DP for high speed connection of remote I/O, drives, MCC, analyzers,.. PROFIBUS PA for bus powered devices Vendor independent integration of PROFIBUS devices Additionally PROFIBUS provides: Safety, Hart

Industrial Fast Ethernet

ET 200M

ET 200iS HART

PROFIBUS-DP (iS)

PROFIBUS - DP

PROFIBUS-PA
DP/PA Link

Zone 0 Zone 1

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ET 200S

Zone 2 PROFIBUS-PA

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Possible faults in a PROFIBUS PA segment

IM 153 redundant DP/PA coupler, non redundant

1 4 3
PROFIBUS DP PROFIBUS PA

backbone

bus termination

...
spur spur

max. 31 devices per coupler

failure 1
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effect breakdown of up to 31 devices breakdown of up to 31 devices breakdown of typ. 1-4 devices disturbance of communication

estim. of harm

breakdown of PA Coupler short-circuit / wire break on backbone short-circuit / wire break on spur missing bus termination

2 3 4

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Redundant PROFIBUS PA Overview


Coupler redundancy
PROFIBUS DP

bus termination
M

DP/PA coupler, redundant (M = master)

automatic bus termination

IM 153, redundant

AFS

Active Field Splitter PROFIBUS PA

PA ring redundancy
PROFIBUS DP
M

DP/PA coupler, redundant (M = master) Active Field Distributor AFD AFD AFD AFD

IM 153, redundant AS BU Dou Lianwang

PROFIBUS PA

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

New Components
FDC 157-0 DP/PA coupler (6ES7157-0AC83-0XA0)
The FDC 157-0 DP/PA coupler replaces the previous DP/PA coupler (6E7157-0AC82-0XA0)

BM FDC 157-0 bus module (6ES7195-7HG80-0XA0) AFD active field distributor


(6ES7157-0AF81-0XA0)

AFS active field splitter


(6ES7157-0AF82-0XA0)

DIN rail adapter for AFS and AFD (6ES7157-0AF83-0XA0) IM153-2 interface module (6ES7153-2BA81-0XB0)
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The IM153-2 interface module replaces the previous IM157 interface module

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Use case: coupler redundancy


PROFIBUS DP
M

DP/PA coupler, redundant

IM 153, redundant

AFS PROFIBUS PA

Active Field Splitter


U1,I1 S1
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-

S2

U2, I1

Automatic trunk line switch over IP66 case, PG connectors Temp. range: -20 70 Usage within Ex zone 2 Diagnosis through LEDs

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Use case: ring redundancy


PROFIBUS DP

DP/PA coupler, redundant

AFD IM 153, redundant

PROFIBUS PA

Active Field Distributor


Automatic monitoring of trunk line U1, I1 S1
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-

S2 S3
bus termination

U2,I2

Automatic bus termination IP66 case, PG connectors Short-circuit proof spurs (60mA) Temp. range: -20 70 Usage within Ex zone 2 Diagnosis through LEDs

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Use case: multiple couplers per link


PROFIBUS DP

PROFIBUS PA AFD AFD AFD AFD

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Use case : coupler redundancy with central supply

PROFIBUS DP

DP/PA coupler, redundant

IM 153, redundant

AFS

PROFIBUS PA

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-

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Use case: coupler redundancy in combination with field barriers for Ex-applications
PROFIBUS DP

DP/PA coupler, redundant

IM 153, redundant

AFS

PROFIBUS PA

31V, 1A
field barrier

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

PROFIsafe
Fail Safe Communication on PROFIBUS with PROFIsafe

F-CPU

F-CPU

F_PA_DI

ne w
F_PA_AI

PROFIsafe on PROFIBUS-DP

4..20 mA

PROFIsafe on PROFIBUS-PA

Benefits:
Cost Savings (no F-I/Os req.) Seamless Integrated Failsafe Communication down to the field device Extended Diagnostics Simplified Periodic Testing Seamless Integrated in Engineering and Maintenance
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AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

Automation and Drives

Standard architecture for fault tolerant and failsafe applications


Fail-safe measurement (1oo2) Fault tolerant measurement (2oo3)

S7-400FH

S7-400H/FH

PROFIBUS DP

1oo2

1oo2

PROFIBUS DP

2oo3
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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Using PROFIBUS PA ring topology for fault tolerant and fail-safe applications

S7-400FH

PROFIBUS DP

DP/PA Coupler, redundant

IM 153, redundant

2oo3

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1oo2

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Diagnosis with Plant Asset Management System


Diagnostics with SIMATIC PDM

Standard diagnostics
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Device-specific detailed diagnostics

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS: 20,000,000 PROFIBUS PA: 670,000 PROFIBUS Nodes Installed in Process Industries: 3,300,000 PROFIsafe: 230,000

AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

PROFIBUS PA Book

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

Summary
Installation Nodes Products FISCO Redundancy Safety Plant Asset Management (Diagnosis, Maintenance, etc.) Interoperability and Interchangebility

AS BU Dou Lianwang

SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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Automation and Drives

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SIMATIC PCS 7 Profibus PA

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