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Rehov Kahanami n 54, Bnei Brac 03.616.

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164 Vi l l age Pat h, Lakewood NJ 08701 732.370.3344 fax 1.877.Pi rchei (732.367.8168)
T H E PI RCH EI SH OSH AN I M ROADMAP T O PRAYER PROJECT
The Roadmap t o Prayer
Lesson 38
Pirchei Shoshanim 2006
This shiur may not be reproduced in any f orm without permission of the copyright holder
565
A A W Wo om ma an n s s G Gu ui i d de e
t t o o D Da ai i l l y y P Pr r a ay ye er r
This Lesson is Dedicat ed
Leil ui Nishmas - To t he Memory of
R Aryeh Mordechai ben Avraham AH
Ni ft ar 21 Iyar, 5766
I I n n t t r r o o d d u u c c t t i i o o n n
T Th he e l la aw ws s f f o or r W Wo om me en n a an nd d P Pr r a ay ye er r p pr r e es se en nt t e ed d i i n n t t h hi is s l l e es ss so on n a ar r e e
m me ea an nt t t t o o s se er r v ve e a as s a a c co on nc ci is se e g gu ui i d de e s sh ho ow wi i n ng g w wh hi i c ch h s sp pe ec ci i f f i i c c
p pr r a ay ye er r s s w wo om me en n a ar r e e o ob bl l i ig ga at t e ed d i in n, , a an nd d w wh hi i c ch h p pr r a ay ye er r s s a ar r e e t t h he e
o on ne es s t t h ha at t w wo om me en n c cu us st t o om ma ar r i i l ly y r r e ec ci it t e e o or r o om mi it t . .
A As s f f o or r p pr r a ay ye er r i it t s se el l f f , , n no ow wa ad da ay ys s, , w wo om me en n i i n n g ge en ne er r a al l a ar r e e
u un nq qu ue es st t i i o on na ab bl ly y e ex xc ce ee ed di i n ng gl ly y i i n nv vo ol lv ve ed d i i n n p pr r a ay ye er r . .
T Th he e i i n nt t e en nt t o of f t t h he e g gu ui i d de el l i i n ne es s i i n n t t h hi i s s l l e es ss so on n i is s t t o o o ou ut t l l i i n ne e t t h he e m ma an ny y
o op pp po or r t t u un ni i t t i i e es s t t h ha at t w wo om me en n c ca an n u ut t i i l l i i z ze e i i n n t t h he ei i r r s sp pa ar r e e t t i im me e t t o o p pr r a ay y
i i n n c co om mb bi in na at t i io on ns s t t h ha at t a ar r e e o on nl ly y a af f f f o or r d de ed d t t o o w wo om me en n. .
F Fo or r t t h hi is s p pu ur r p po os se e, , t t h he e l l e es ss so on n f f i i r r s st t l l i is st t s s t t h he e v va ar r i io ou us s H Ha al l a ac ch ho os s
p pe er r t t a ai i n ni i n ng g t t o o t t h he e p pa ar r t t i i c cu ul l a ar r p pr r a ay ye er r s s w wo om me en n m ma ay y o or r m ma ay y n no ot t
r r e ec ci i t t e e a an nd d t t o o t t h he e o or r d de er r i i n n w wh hi i c ch h t t h he ey y c ca an n r r e ec ci it t e e t t h he e T Te ef f i i l l l l a a o of f
S Sh ha ac ch ha ar r i is s. .
T To o i i l l l l u us st t r r a at t e e t t h hi is s f f u ur r t t h he er r , , w we e h ha av ve e c ch ha ar r t t e ed d a a l l i i s st t o of f s sc ce en na ar r i i o os s
t t h ha at t e ef f f f e ec ct t h ho ow w m mu uc ch h a an nd d i i n n w wh hi i c ch h o or r d de er r t t h he ey y w wi i l l l l b be e s sa ai id d. . E Ea ac ch h
s sc ce en na ar r i i o o i is s g gi iv ve en n a a s so ol l u ut t i i o on n a an nd d t t h he en n s su um mm ma ar r i iz ze ed d t t o o h he el l p p
v vi i s su ua al l i i z ze e w wh ha at t e ea ac ch h r r e es su ul l t t e en nt t a ai i l l s s. .
A Af f t t e er r o ou ut t l l i i n ni i n ng g t t h he es se e e ex xa am mp pl l e es s, , t t h he e l l e es ss so on n d di is sc cu us ss se es s t t h he e
i i m mp po or r t t a an nc ce e o of f p pr r a ay ye er r i i n n g ge en ne er r a al l a an nd d h ho ow w w wo om me en n i i n n p pa ar r t t i i c cu ul l a ar r
s sh ha ar r e e i i n n t t h hi is s e es ss se en nt t i ia al l e el l e em me en nt t o of f J Je ew wi i s sh h l l i i f f e e. .
A Af f t t e er r o ou ut t l l i i n ni i n ng g t t h he e v va ar r i i o ou us s p po os ss si ib bl l e e c co om mb bi in na at t i io on ns s t t h ha at t w wo om me en n
c ca an n r r e ec ci it t e e t t h he ei i r r p pr r a ay ye er r s s, , i it t i i s s i im mp po or r t t a an nt t t t o o p po oi i n nt t o ou ut t t t h ha at t t t h he e
r r e eg gu ul l a ar r o or r d de er r o of f T Te ef f i i l l l l a as s S Sh ha ac ch ha ar r i i s s f f o or r M Me en n i i s s m mu uc ch h m mo or r e e r r i i g gi id d. .
Lesson
38
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
566
F Fi i r r s st t l ly y, , m me en n a ar r e e a al l w wa ay ys s r r e eq qu ui i r r e ed d t t o o r r e ec ci it t e e P Pe es su uk ke ei i D De e z zi im mr r a a
b be ef f o or r e e d da av ve en ni i n ng g S Sh he em mo on ne eh h E Es sr r e ei i; ; e ev ve en n i i f f i it t m me ea an ns s j j u us st t s sa ay yi in ng g
t t h he e m mi i n ni im mu um m o of f B Ba ar r u uc ch h S Sh he e a am ma ar r , , A As sh hr r e ei i , , a an nd d Y Yi i s sh ht t a ab ba ac ch h. . T Th he e
r r e ea as so on n f f o or r t t h hi is s i i s s b be ec ca au us se e t t h he e G Ge em ma ar r a a i i n n S Sh ha ab bb bo os s s st t a at t e es s t t h ha at t
o on ne e i i s s r r e eq qu ui i r r e ed d t t o o p pr r e ef f a ac ce e T Te ef f i i l l l la a ( (i i . .e e. . S Sh he em mo on ne eh h E Es sr r e ei i) ) w wi i t t h h
p pr r a ai i s se e t t o o H Ha as sh he em m. .
S Se ec co on nd dl ly y, , a al lt t h ho ou ug gh h w wo om me en n a ar r e e p pe er r m mi it t t t e ed d t t o o s se ep pa ar r a at t e e t t h he e t t h hr r e ee e
b br r o oc ch ho os s o of f K Kr r i i a as s S Sh he em ma a a an nd d r r e ec ci it t e e o on nl ly y o on ne e o or r t t w wo o a at t a a t t i im me e; ;
m me en n a ar r e e n no ot t a al l l lo ow we ed d t t o o d do o t t h hi is s. . T Th he e r r e ea as so on n f f o or r t t h hi i s s d di is st t i i n nc ct t i io on n i i s s
b be ec ca au us se e m me en n a ar r e e o ob bl l i ig ga at t e ed d t t o o r r e ec ci it t e e t t h he e p po or r t t i io on ns s o of f K Kr r i i a as s
S Sh he em ma a, , w wh hi i l l e e w wo om me en n a ar r e e n no ot t ( (e ex xc ce ep pt t f f o or r t t h he e f f i i r r s st t v ve er r s se e o of f
S Sh he em ma a w wh hi i c ch h i i s s r r e ec ci it t e ed d f f o or r a a w wa ay y o of f e ex xp pr r e es ss si in ng g t t h he ei ir r a ac cc ce ep pt t a an nc ce e
o of f H Ha as sh he em m s s d do om mi i n ni io on n a an nd d H Hi i s s M Mi it t z zv vo os s; ; n no ot t f f o or r t t h he e s sa ak ke e o of f t t h he e
M Mi it t z zv va ah h o of f K Kr r i i a as s S Sh he em ma a, , p pe er r s se e) ). . S Si i n nc ce e m me en n h ha av ve e a a M Mi it t z zv va ah h t t o o
r r e ec ci i t t e e K Kr r i ia as s S Sh he em ma a, , t t h he ey y a ar r e e n no ow w o ob bl l i ig ga at t e ed d t t o o r r e ec ci it t e e i it t w wi it t h h t t h he e
B Bi i r r c ch ho os s K Kr r i ia as s S Sh he em ma a w wh hi i c ch h w we er r e e a ar r r r a an ng ge ed d a as s a a c co om mp pa an ni i o on n t t o o
t t h he e M Mi it t z zv va ah h o of f K Kr r i ia as s S Sh he em ma a. . T Th hi is s e ex xp pl l a ai in ns s w wh hy y w we e r r e ef f e er r t t o o t t h he es se e
b bl l e es ss si i n ng gs s a as s B Bi i r r c ch ho os s K Kr r i ia as s S Sh he em ma a e ev ve en n t t h ho ou ug gh h t t h he e b br r o oc ch ho os s a ar r e e
n no ot t m me ea an nt t t t o o b be e B Bi i r r c ch ho os s H Ha aM Mi it t z zv va ah h f f o or r t t h he e M Mi it t z zv va ah h o of f K Kr r i i a as s
S Sh he em ma a, , a as s t t h he e R Ra as sh hb ba a p po oi i n nt t s s o ou ut t t t h ha at t w we e d do on n t t s sa ay y t t h he e t t y yp pi i c ca al l
A As sh he er r - -K Ki id ds sh ha an nu u- -B Be em mi it t z zv vo os sa av v ( (W Wh ho o s sa an nc ct t i i f f i i e ed d u us s t t h hr r o ou ug gh h H Hi i s s
M Mi it t z zv vo os s) ) f f o or r m ma at t ( (n nu us sa ac ch h) ). . I In n a ad dd di it t i i o on n t t o o t t h hi is s, , m me en n a ar r e e o ob bl l i ig ga at t e ed d
t t o o p pr r a ay y S Sh ha ac ch ha ar r i is s, , M Mi i n nc ch ha a a an nd d M Ma aa ar r i iv v i i n n t t h he ei i r r p pr r o op pe er r t t i im me es s. .
W Wo om me en n a ar r e e o ob bl l i i g ga at t e ed d i i n n a at t l l e ea as st t o on ne e p pr r a ay ye er r a a d da ay y, , w wh hi i c ch h
a ac cc co or r d di i n ng g t t o o s so om me e P Po os sk ki im m c ca an n b be e a an ny y p pr r a ay ye er r t t h he ey y w wi i s sh h t t o o
r r e ec ci i t t e e, , a as s l lo on ng g a as s i it t f f i it t s s t t h he e m mi i n ni im mu um m r r e eq qu ui i r r e em me en nt t s s s st t a at t e ed d i in n
t t h hi is s l l e es ss so on n. . A Ac cc co or r d di in ng g t t o o o ot t h he er r s s, , t t h he ey y a ar r e e e ev ve en n r r e eq qu ui i r r e ed d t t o o r r e ec ci it t e e
t t h he e s st t a an nd da ar r d d S Sh he em mo on ne eh h E Es sr r e ei i t t w wi i c ce e a a d da ay y, , o on nc ce e b by y S Sh ha ac ch ha ar r i i s s
a an nd d a ag ga ai i n n b by y M Mi i n nc ch ha a. . H Ho ow we ev ve er r , , t t h he ey y m ma ay y s st t i i l l l l b be e e ex xe em mp pt t f f r r o om m
o ot t h he er r p pa ar r t t s s o of f p pr r a ay ye er r ( (d da av ve en ni i n ng g) ) a as s d di i s sc cu us ss se ed d i i n n t t h hi is s l l e es ss so on n. .
A Ac cc co or r d di i n ng gl ly y, , a a w wo om ma an n h ha as s m mo or r e e o op pt t i io on ns s t t h ha an n a a m ma an n i i n n t t h he e
o or r d de er r s sh he e m ma ay y r r e ec ci it t e e T Te ef f i i l l l la as s S Sh ha ac ch ha ar r i is s i i n n p pa ar r t t i i c cu ul l a ar r . . A Al l l l t t h he es se e
d de et t a ai i l ls s a ar r e e c co on nt t a ai i n ne ed d i i n n t t h hi is s c co om mp pr r e eh he en ns si iv ve e l l e es ss so on n a ab bo ou ut t
W Wo om me en n a an nd d P Pr r a ay ye er r . .
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
567
I I N N D D E E X X
A A W W O O M M A A N N S S G G U U I I D D E E T T O O D D A A I I L L Y Y P P R R A A Y Y E E R R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 5 5
G G E E N N E E R R A A L L Q Q U U E E S ST T I I O O N N S S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 8 8
A A N N S SW W E E R R S S T T O O G G E E N N E E R R A A L L Q Q U U E E S ST T I I O O N N S S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 8 8
D D A A V V E E N N I I N N G G C C A A R R D D S S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 9 9 , , 5 5 7 7 0 0
B B O O O O K K M M A A R R K K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 1 1
T T H H E E O O R R D D E E R R O O F F T T H H E E M M O O R R N N I I N N G G P P R R A A Y Y E E R R F F O O R R W W O O M M E E N N - - T T E E F F I I L L L L A A
C C H H A A R R T T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 2 2
A A G G E E N N E E R R A A L L O O U U T T L L I I N N E E O O F F P P R R A A Y Y E E R R F F O O R R W W O O M M E E N N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 3 3
V V A A R R I I O O U U S S C C A A S SE E S S O O F F T T H H E E O O R R D D E E R R O O F F A A W W O O M M A A N N ' ' S S P P R R A A Y Y E E R R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 4 4
Z Z E E M M A A N N I I M M S SA A M M P P L L E E C C H H A A R R T T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 7 7
P P R R A A Y Y E E R R T T H H E E E E S SS SE E N N C C E E O O F F M M A A N N K K I I N N D D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 8 8
T T H H E E D D A A I I L L Y Y P P R R A A Y Y E E R R S S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 7 7 9 9
T T E E F F I I L L L L A A O O B B L L I I G G A A T T I I O O N N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 0 0
T T H H E E B B A A S SI I C C C C O O M M P P O O N N E E N N T T S S O O F F T T E E F F I I L L L L A A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 1 1
B B I I R R C C H H A A S S H H A A S SH H A A C C H H A A R R , , B B I I R R C C H H O O S S H H A A T T O O R R A A H H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 1 1
M M O O D D E E H H A A N N I I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 1 1
B B I I R R C C H H A A S S H H A A M M A A Z Z O O N N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 2 2
A A L L N N E E T T I I L L L L A A S S Y Y A A D D A A Y Y I I M M , , A A S SH H E E R R Y Y A A T T Z Z A A R R A A N N D D E E L L O O K K A A Y Y E E
N N E E S SH H A A M M A A H H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 2 2
A A W W O O M M A A N N S S O O B B L L I I G G A A T T I I O O N N I I N N B B I I R R C C H H O O S S H H A A T T O O R R A A H H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 2 2
A A W W O O M M A A N N S S O O B B L L I I G G A A T T I I O O N N I I N N B B I I R R C C H H O O S S H H A A S SH H A A C C H H A A R R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 2 2
B B I I R R C C H H O O S S H H A A S SH H A A C C H H A A R R : : A A W W O O M M A A N N S S V V E E R R S SI I O O N N : : S SH H E E L L O O A A S SS SA A N N I I
G G O O Y Y A A H H , , S SH H E E L L O O A A S SS SA A N N I I S SH H I I F F C C H H A A H H S SH H E E L L O O A A S SS SA A N N I I G G O O Y Y S SH H E E L L O O
A A S SS SA A N N I I A A H H V V E E D D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 3 3
P P E E S SU U K K E E I I D D E E Z Z I I M M R R A A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 4 4
W W O O M M E E N N : : B B I I R R C C H H O O S S K K R R I I A A S S S SH H E E M M A A A A N N D D K K R R I I A A S S S SH H E E M M A A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 4 4
H H O O W W L L A A T T E E C C A A N N W W O O M M E E N N R R E E C C I I T T E E K K R R I I A A S S S SH H E E M M A A A A N N D D B B I I R R C C H H O O S S
K K R R I I A A S S S SH H E E M M A A ? ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 4 4
Z Z E E C C H H I I R R A A S S Y Y E E T T Z Z I I A A S S M M I I T T Z Z R R A A Y Y I I M M : : R R E E M M E E M M B B E E R R I I N N G G T T H H E E E E X X O O D D U U S S
F F R R O O M M E E G G Y Y P P T T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 5 5
T T A A C C H H A A N N U U N N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 6 6
A A S SH H R R E E I I A A N N D D U U V V A A L L E E T T Z Z I I Y Y O O N N E E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 7 7
A A L L E E I I N N U U , , S SH H I I R R S SH H E E L L Y Y O O M M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 7 7
E E I I N N K K E E L L O O K K E E I I N N U U A A N N D D P P I I T T T T U U M M H H A A K K E E T T O O R R E E S S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 7 7
T T E E F F I I L L L L A A S S M M U U S SS SA A F F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 7 7
H H A A L L L L E E L L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 8 8
T T E E F F I I L L L L A A P P R R I I O O R R I I T T I I E E S S F F O O R R W W O O M M E E N N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 8 8
D D A A V V E E N N I I N N G G S SH H E E M M O O N N E E H H E E S SR R E E I I W W H H I I L L E E S ST T A A N N D D I I N N G G O O R R S SI I T T T T I I N N G G . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 8 8
A A C C T T I I V V I I T T I I E E S S O O N N E E M M U U S ST T R R E E F F R R A A I I N N F F R R O O M M B B E E F F O O R R E E D D A A V V E E N N I I N N G G . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 9 9
E E A A T T I I N N G G B B E E F F O O R R E E P P R R A A Y Y I I N N G G ( ( D D A A V V E E N N I I N N G G ) ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 9 9
G G I I R R L L S S W W H H O O P P R R A A Y Y ( ( D D A A V V E E N N ) ) I I N N S SC C H H O O O O L L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 8 8 9 9
K K I I D D D D U U S SH H O O N N S SH H A A B B B B O O S S: : E E A A T T I I N N G G I I N N B B E E F F O O R R E E K K I I D D D D U U S SH H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 9 9 0 0
Q Q U U E E S ST T I I O O N N S S: : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 9 9 1 1
A A N N S SW W E E R R S S: : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 9 9 3 3
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
568
H H I I G G H H L L I I G G H H T T S S O O F F L L E E S SS SO O N N 3 3 8 8
G GE E N N E E R RA AL L Q QU UE ES ST T I I O ON N S S
1. D D O O W W O O M M E E N N H H A A V V E E A A N N O O B B L L I I G G A A T T I I O O N N T T O O P P R R A A Y Y
J JU U S ST T A A S S M M E E N N D D O O ? ?
2. W W H H A A T T I I S S T T H H E E M M I I N N I I M M U U M M T T H H A A T T A A W W O O M M A A N N
M M U U S ST T P P R R A A Y Y E E A A C C H H M M O O R R N N I I N N G G ? ?
3. J JU U D D G G I I N N G G F F R R O O M M E E X X P P E E R R I I E E N N C C E E , , I I T T S SE E E E M M S S A A S S
I I F F W W O O M M E E N N P P I I C C K K A A N N D D C C H H O O O O S SE E H H O O W W M M U U C C H H
A A N N D D A A T T W W H H A A T T T T I I M M E E O O F F D D A A Y Y T T H H E E Y Y W W I I S SH H T T O O
D D A A V V E E N N . . I I S S T T H H E E R R E E A A N N Y Y S SP P E E C C I I F F I I C C O O R R D D E E R R ? ?
A AN N S SW WE ER RS S
1. W W O O M M E E N N H H A A V V E E A A B B A A S SI I C C O O B B L L I I G G A A T T I I O O N N T T O O
P P R R A A Y Y , , J JU U S ST T A A S S M M E E N N D D O O . .
2. W W O O M M E E N N C C A A N N F F U U L L F F I I L L L L T T H H I I S S R R E E Q Q U U I I R R E E M M E E N N T T
W W I I T T H H A A S SH H O O R R T T F F O O R R M M O O F F P P R R A A Y Y E E R R T T E E F F I I L L L L A A
K K E E T T Z Z A A R R A A . . T T H H E E Y Y C C A A N N A A L L S SO O F F U U L L F F I I L L L L T T H H I I S S B B Y Y
P P R R A A Y Y I I N N G G ( ( D D A A V V E E N N I I N N G G ) ) J JU U S ST T S SH H E E M M O O N N E E H H
E E S SR R E E I I A A L L O O N N E E . .
3. A A L L T T H H O O U U G G H H I I T T M M A A Y Y A A P P P P E E A A R R T T H H A A T T W W O O M M E E N N
C C A A N N P P I I C C K K A A N N D D C C H H O O O O S SE E W W H H A A T T E E V V E E R R T T H H E E Y Y
W W I I S SH H T T O O P P R R A A Y Y , , W W E E W W I I L L L L S SE E E E T T H H A A T T T T H H E E R R E E
A A R R E E P P R R A A Y Y E E R R S S T T H H A A T T T T A A K K E E P P R R I I O O R R I I T T R R Y Y O O V V E E R R
O O T T H H E E R R S S. .
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
569
P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M
D A V E N I N G C A R D
M I N I M U M T E F I L L A F O R W O M E N
I. Tefilla Ket zara (a short prayer)
consisting of Praise t o Hashem, a
Request and an Appreciation
A woman that has no time to daven can at least
learn to recite the Birchos HaTorah along with the
verses of Yevarechecha etc. and thereby ful fill the
Mitzvah of Tefill a (see other side of thi s card)
II. According t o many Poskim a woman is
required t o daven Shemoneh Esrei of
Shacharis and Mincha
III. A woman is required t o recit e at l east
the first verse of Shema along with
Baruch Sheim.
C O M B I N A T I O N S O F T E F I L L O S F O R
W O M E N A C C O R D I N G T O
T H E O R D E R O F P R I O R I T I E S -
H I G H E S T T O L O W E S T
Each number presented below represents a list of Tefill os a
woman would say according to the amount of time she
knows in advance she will have. Approximate times given
are for example purposes onl y. Individuals should time
themselves and adjust accordingly
1. Shemoneh Esrei before end of the fourth
Halachic hour of the day (in case of need up until
Chat zos midday); First verse of Shema no time
limit (approximately 6-8 minutes)
2. First pasuk of Shema, Emmes VeYat ziv,
Shemoneh Esrei (approximately 9-11 minutes)
3. Birchos Hashachar, First pasuk of Shema, Emmes
VeYat ziv, Shemoneh Esrei (approximat ely 12- 14
minutes)
4. Birchos HaTorah and pesukim, Birchos Hashachar,
First pasuk of Shema, Emmes VeYat ziv,
Shemoneh Esrei (approximately 15-18 minutes)
5. Birchos HaTorah and pesukim, Birchos Hashachar,
2 Birchos Krias Shema, 3 parts Shema, Emmes
VeYat ziv, Shemoneh Esrei (approximat ely 22-26
minutes)
6. Birchos HaTorah and pesukim, Birchos Hashachar,
Pesukei DeZimra (at least Baruch Sheamar ,
Ashrei and Yishtabach), 2 Birchos Krias Shema, 3
parts Shema, Emmes VeYat ziv, Shemoneh Esrei
(approximately 28-30 minutes)
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
570
P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M
D A V E N I N G C A R D
A M I N I M U M T E F I L L A F O R W O M E N
n:nn n5:a
n n |: a : p:_ u :y n | : n , n x n a : o + p : o _ , pc_ y_ : : x
n :n : a + a .
: a :_ y_ n : p:_ : : o n a | n_ y o a : o a | n :n : a + n ,
: n _ : _ n n : | n o y + : : 5 : : o n a | n_ y x_ x : x_ x
n n o : | n :n + n: . n n |: a , : : o n_ y : n :n + n_ : n_ n .
: _ n n |: a p u :y n | : n : , 5 n : a : _ n a : o_ u n _ y n : , : : _ n :
n :n n . n n |: a , n :n_ n n: .
| : n o | 5 : a . | : n | : : o : . | : : o o
u: o | : u o .
M O S T B A S I C C O M B I N A T I O N O F
T E F I L L A F O R W O M E N
o v _ c : u , : p: , ~ n .
~ v u :\v : \5 : _ c ~\a 5 u u a .
: n ~ x_ 5 n 5 _ 5 u :~_ .
n ; a : p: p: : \a _ , p: u n a; , p: n s p , : p ap_ v_ , \: _ n \a x _ n :\~ x _ n : n , :
,\ : v , u a\o u ~ u_ n : c\x , :5 _ n n :p , \a ~ u _ n 5\\ , u n : a : a : : \x a c , n a_ n; a \c u , _ v _ c : .
uva " : u _ n : : 5 \ , _ n_ a _ 5 n : c u , u _ n _ n 5 u a : a 5 , u _ n u n: :_ v _ c : .
, x c _ v u\c \\v : c . n ; a , u n a; , x c .
:~_ u :\v : \a x n ; , n ; u c n _ n c , _v u\n : a _ . jna : ~ \c _ n n a u _ c u u x _ n .
~ u n a u _ n : 5 :_ 5 c , u a _ u c_ n_ a u c n _ n c , u : 5\: c\u , u :\n 5\ , u u_ _ c , : u : \ :c u _ p c
5 v , : n c\ ~ c \a x :_ v _ a \ c 5 c , n _ n c c c : c n vu _ n c s _ c .
uva " : u c_ n_ n a; \c 5 c , u c_ n_ a u _ n : s 5\\ .
u c \_ n _ n : n ; , c : . n ; a , u c _ n n _ n c .
u\~ p c u u\~ p n ; , u : : _ n u\ : 5 a u u\~ p n : . n ; a , u\~ p _ n : n ) uva " : u\~ p_ n : c _ n . (
_ v _ ~ u ~ : , :\n n ; , n : a u\: : ~ c_ : c . n v ~ c : : n , : 5 u_ n n : a . n ; a , _ v ~ _ n , :\n .
\ : : a : a u_ n , ~\a_ v_ : : 5 : _ c : a p , : 5 : n c : u n au a : \ _ n _ n . n ; a , n au a n s\ n .
: : n_ : u , : a , : o n 5 , : : : _ n c , : 5 : _ c , : v u 5 5 , _ n :\u : n\c 5 n . n ; a , _n : u : n a _ c _ n ,: _ n .
: : v a n , : a n a , c u , _ v _ c : n n c : : x , n p \ n : \x 5 . n ; a , : u : \x .
: 5 , , 5 : , : : v u\n n v u , n : : n 5 , : \5 _ c : 5 : n c : u n5 n :_ v _ n . , c : 5\ : c : 5
n , c_ n_ . n ; a , : u \c_ v :\n 5\ .
: : v a , : p: , \ _ n n : u _ n n a\o : n a : c : 5 , ) _ _ p_ a ( n 5 a , ) j n_ a ( o c : _ o ,
n c ~_ n : 5 :_ v n 5 a : , ao c : v a _ u , \a\o _ n u : u_ 5 : : u a . n ; a , u : u _ n a c .
u a v _ p : n : :\~ x 5\ , : \ : x _ a _ p : u : u , _ n \5 : _ 5 v _ a ; c ~ _ n _ : s a _ p . n ; a , \c_ v n ~ : _ a _ p c
: u .
n : n _ a 5 : s_ v\ n :\u a 5 : o 5\u n a u n , u n n n :_ _ ,\x : c c , n ; : : v \: c , , u c_ n_ a ~ u n a ~ _ a : ,
o 5 u c_ a : p ~ _ s . n ; a , o 5 u c n p ~ s a n\ : c ) uva " o 5 u c _ n : c _ n . (
n p n :; u : u : _ c_ : , ~ a v_ x 5 n v u n : 5 , 5 n n c a \ : 5 , x _ c a _ u p_ v n n c u ~ \ _ n
: c a n n c a _ v : 5 _ . n ; a , u ~ \ _ v : 5 _ c u a au .
~ u_ n _ n :_ v u p ~ _ s _ n :_ v : u a c_ v : p \ :_ v u , u n 5\u _ o : 5 :_ v , : : v p ~ s _ n x :_ v , c_ n_ : c n ,
: p: , c a c u a u n o\a _ n : 5 : a\o 5 u , , u :\v : u n c v : p : n u u , \a : : : n o a a 5 u . a
n ; , u p ~ _ s_ : n o a c , v u c .
au u c_ n_ a v u _ : u : , _ a ~ u_ _ 5 n 5\ a ,\5 u , u :\v ,_ : a : c a a\ p a n \ n : a , ~ ~ u 5
n c , 5 n 5\ : n . n ; a , u : u n :\a .
_n c s _ n n c ~ a_ v ~ ~ n _ c s , vu a u \: _ p , u\ _ n : 5 : p vu : 5 . n ; a , , p _ n c s _ c
n vu .
\p v _ c u : : , : p: , : : v u n_ un , : : 5 ,\s a u c_ n_ a : a _ p , n u ::_ n _ \: 5 _ v c\u : 5 ,
: 5 : c , : 5 : _ c , : a u :; u p . u c_ v _ : 5 _ v c\u n ; 5 u c_ n_ a : . n ; a , n : 5 _ v c\u .
n s , : p: , u : 5 a : u c_ v a , a a ~ : n ~\a_ v n a u n , : u u , : a _ p n a_ n; a u : 5
,\s a , c ,\s : n c_ v : u _ ~\a_ v ~ .
) ,_ 5 u c\ ~ v\c_ n :\n a u ~n u a " a n :_ v_ : " : p: p: : \a_ , a n :_ v_ , _v x_ , n , n s ,
v _ c u , ~ p 5 , : :\~ p 5 : :\ 5 \ 5 \ , : \a_ ,\ 5 \ , ~ a_ v ~ ~ , a _ n u c ,\ 5 \ , u ~ p v u _ : u ,\ 5 \ ,
: 5 : : u a c_ v : 5 ,\ 5 \ , n o : 5 : , n a\o : , u c_ n_ : ~ u n : , n : , u\: u : u _ n : , u\ a
: u ~n u : n \ _ n u ~ n_ n u . n _ u 5 : : n \ _ n \s _ c _ n x _ n . \5 u : : n \ _ n \5 u _ n x _ n .
: 5 \ , : p: , n a\o : \a , n 5 a : \a : ~ p 5 , u _ n : \a : v u\n . u c_ n_ n vu _ a ~ a , : : n un , : : v u n_
: v u\n , : : v : 5 , n un_ ,: _ n : c : 5 ( .
u c_ n_ a ,\ s : au a : : v n : \ n . n ; a , ,\ s : \ : 5 u \ _ n_ c_ n .
: : n _ :_ u ~\c , ; u n n , : p: p: : \a_ , ~ v u :\v : , : _ n s , : v u , x c , \~ \~ : n n ; ,
: n 5 _ u : : n ~\ : , ~ a u u c _ n : _ n :_ v , : \~p 5 _ n : \c u : :_ v , :_ v : c v u\ : 5 a u u : , :_ v
v : 5 a u \a\o \ : 5 : , u n s p a a v , a\o _ n , c_ n_ : 5 : 5 , u n_ c _ n , ~ u_ n c _ : 5 , u :\v c
: : p .
) u 5 n 5:_ n_ : : u : _ n :_ v u , , p 5 _ n :_ v , \a x _ n :_ v , \vu _ n :_ v , \c n : c _ n :_ v , u n n u c _ a : \a_ _ : u v u
n \ _ n , _ c \ _ a .
n 5: _ n_ : : :\~ x , n5 , : n\ , a n _ c c a , : a _ :\c u _ n , 5 : _ c n ~ c v u 5 u n 5 u_ n : : u c_ v :_ v n v u n ,
\ , :\s p n c u a_ v _ n : , u s v a u n : ~ _ c v u a _ n c_ n_ a n ; , u a a _ , u : ~ : _ ~ ,
u c p : c _ p : , x _ u c u u : _ n ~_ a u \a , u o_ v c ~_ a u a _ , u \n o ~_ a u c o , u p ~ _ s ~_ a u v u ,
\ p u\v ~_ a u ~ \ . c :\v a u\~ p :\~ x u u u v : , \~ x n vu u v : u c_ v : n \ _ n u\ _ n 5 , p 5 n : .
a a ~ : : a a , 5 _ n; , : 5 n : 5 , u ~ p c _ n o , u ~ p \ s _ n a \ : p : ~ n , _ :\c u v a p
: n 5:_ n c , c u : : : _ n : \~\n : :\~ x _ n .
u 5 : : n a _ n , _ uu a u _ 5 ~ c c a , v u n , c n u n :_ v ~ _ c v u 5 , : 5 ~ a; : x_ n_ : ~ c u_ n : u p a
u ~n _ n , , p \ ~_ v _ v_ : c , u u : j _ o , ~ n u\ a , ~ n : u v n u\: u a u v u : u u , ~_ u ~ n n , \\a : u : : u . n ;
\ s_ v _ 5 n u a _ n c_ n_ a , \ a _ u_ n _ c : _ p : p , \u a \:c x \: \ a u_ n_ , _ v n :_ v : a \\ : ( .
_ a u : 5 :_ v ~ v u :\v : ~ c : 5 : _ c c u u _ c\ .
) uva " : a : a : 5 u a\o u _ n : a\ 5 ( .
n : u ~\ u _ n _ n :5 , c a c u : : _ n , n : u : \ v : vu : n . n ; a , _n n : : c u a\o
\~\n : .
n 5 a n a\o u\: u u u , u c_ n_ ~ u n , n , c_ v : u : 5 :_ v : : v . : 5 a , : a , : 5 \ a ~ n 5 : : 5 , 5
: : _ : : 5 \ a , : p: , ~ u n _ a_ n ; u _ n _ \ , u\: u u _ n u c_ n_ n 5 a n p ~ s , a : : v a a\o
c\: u a n v u : 5 a v : 5 a : u c_ v .
) uva " : u _ n 5 u a , u\: u n 5 a , n a\o n u : _ 5 , \ : : 5 : a 5 : 5 , : u a c_ v : 5 : n _ :_ , u a\o u _ n :
u\: u : ( .
n ; a , u\: u_ a : u \c_ v a c _ n .
) : 5 : a : ,\ x n 5 c ,\s : n , :_ \x s ( .
_ n: , v c :\u : \s : , n c c a _ ~ c _ 5 u , u ~ u 5_ : _ : : _ p c : , n n : 5_ : 5 v 5 u 5_ : . \ a a : n _ 5 ,
u 5_ : j\~ \ s c a . n v _ : v u a u\n _ n : 5 , _p u s_ v 5 n n n c u a _ u_ n _ c : p : . c u , _ v _ c : n u_ v , , _ v _ c : n u_ v
: c , u ~ p ,_ v _ c : n u_ v , \ ,_ v _ c : n u_ v . ~ ~ ,s : n ,_ v _ c : , : :_ v_ : c n v u\n . ,\ x n 5 c ,\s : n
: 5 : a : , :_ \x s . u\: u n uv ) uva " uc u : u\: u _ n ( c\ c a , : : v u\: u n u_ v_ n , : 5 :_ v
: u , , c c .
: 5 : c ,\s n , : p: p: : \a_ , p c _ n a n : a u : c a n n c a u ~ , \ a : p : n , , u u
\ :\c ~ _ p u : u 5 u :\v c 5 n a ~ a_ v_ : . u : u n ~n _ n : c _ : n a v , \ :\c ~ _ p u : u 5 u :\v c 5 .
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
571
P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M
W O M E N S S I D D U R
B O O K M A R K
O R D E R O F I M P O R T A N T
T E F I L L O S F O R W O M E N
P R I O R I T I E S :
I. a) Tefil la Ket zara (shor t pr ayer ) t hat i ncludes a Pr aise,
a Request and an Appreciat ion for H ashem. (E.g.
Bir chos H aTor ah, Bir chos H ashachar ; a w oman w ho is
ill and needs to eat but cannot daven, can fulfill her
mitzvah of Tefilla w it h Bir chas H amazo n)
b) Shemoneh Esrei - (Necessary accor ding to many
Poskim)
II. First ver se of Shema and Bar uch Shei m Kevo de
M alchusso etc. - (Necessary)
III. Emmes VeYat ziv unti l t he end (Go al Yisrael) w it h
Shemoneh Esrei i mmediat ely af t erwar ds - (Necessary
accor ding to some Poskim)
IV. Birchos H ashachar - (Customary)
V. Birchos H aTorah w it h t he select ion of verses -
(Customary)
VI. The complet e Shema and t he t w o br ochos t hat pr ecede
it (accor ding to most Poskim) - (Customary)
VII. Bar uch Sheamar and Yisht abach w it h at least Ashr ei i n-
betw een (accor ding t o most Poskim) - (Cust o mar y)
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
572
The or der of t he Mor ni ng Pr ayer f or Women
(The general daily Tef illas Shacharis Morning Prayer order f or women)
The order of Prayer according to the Ashkenazic version.
Priority
Usual
Order
Tefillas Shacharis said by
Women in the following
order
Ashkenazi or Sephardi
Women according to many
Poskim
Sephardi Women
according to Chacham
Rav Ovadiah Yosef Shlita
1
Al Netillas Yadayim, Asher
Yatzar,
Elokaye Neshama

V 2 Birchos HaTorah
I V 3 Birchos Hashachar
VI I 4
Baruch Sheamar,
Pesukei DeZimra
(at least Ashrei),
Yishtabach

Pesukei DeZimra but not


Baruch Sheamar or
Yishtabach
VI 5
First 2 Birchos
Krias Shema

X
VI 6
3 Parshiyos of
Krias Shema

I I 7
Shema Yisrael and Baruch
Sheim
I ncluded I ncluded
I I I 8
The Bracha of
Emmes VeYatziv

X
I 9
Shemoneh Esrei
Shacharis

10 Tachanun X Customarily not recited by Women
11 Ashrei Uvah LeTziyone Recited by some Women
12 Aleinu Customarily recited by Women
13 Shir Shel Yom Recited by some Women
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8 T H E P I R C H E I
S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
573
Women must pray (daven) at least
one prayer each day. I t should have an
opening Praise, a closing Appreciation,
and a Request.
Many Women follow the opinion
of praying Shachari s and M i ncha,
Shemoneh E srei s.
Some women take upon
themselves to pray M aari v as well,
although it is not necessary
1
. Those
who do so, benef it f ulf illing the
M i tzvah of Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m.
Women are obligated to accept
upon themselves the Y ok eof H eaven, to
f ollow H ashems Torah and M i tzvos.
For this reason, Women are required
to at least recite the f irst verse of Kri as
Shema with Baruch Shei m Kevode
M alchusso L eolam V aed.
Women recite the Morning order
of blessings starting with the bracha of
A l N eti llas Y adayi m, A sher Y atzar etc.
Bi rchos H aT orah and the 15 blessings
beginning with A sher N assan L asechvi
V eena until the closing of (H a)Gomel
Chassadim T ovi m etc.
Women should recite Pesuk ei
D eZ i mra. They should say at least a
minimum of Baruch Sheamar, A shrei
and Y i shtabach.
Both A shk enazi c and Sephardi c
women may recite the blessings f or
Pesuk ei D eZ i mra (Baruch Sheamar and
1
According to M ishna Berura 106:4 and other
Posk im. I t is recommended that women who wish to
pray M aariv express that they do not intend this to
be a vow to do this forever.
Y i shtabach) even though they are not
obliged to recite Pesuk ei D eZ i mra. Rav
Ovadi ah Y osef shl i ta maintains that
women of Sephardi c descent are not
allowed to recite the blessing f or
Pesuk ei D eZ i mra, since the opinion of
the M echaber is not to recite brochos f or
voluntary M i tzvos.
Women recite the two blessings
that precede Kri as Shema when reciting
Kri as Shema. According to Rav Ovadi ah
Y osef shli ta, Sephardi c women should
not recite these blessings.
Women should particularly recite
the blessing of E mmes V eY atzi v,
which f ollows Kri as Shema as it
contains in it the remembrance of
Y etzi as M i tzrayi m (the Exodus f rom
Egypt). According to Rav Ovadi ah
Y osef shlita women should not recite
this either
2
.
H alachi c authorities suggest that
women also recite certain Torah-
segments pertaining to the Korbanos
(sacrif ice of f erings). Others say that
women are not required. Common
practice is like the latter opinion.
Some women recite the additional
prayers printed in Si dduri m (Prayer
Books) f ollowing Shemoneh E srei of
Shachari s.
Women generally do not recite
T achanun. Women most commonly
recite A lei nu.
2
Y abia Omer Volume 2:6 number 10
A General Out l i ne of Prayer f or Women
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8 T H E P I R C H E I
S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
574
Sampl e of Vari ous scenari os of a Shachari s prayer
f or Women
C A S E # 1
A woman was going to the doctors of f ice with her child at 8:45 a.m. just af ter her
older children were to be picked up f or school. She managed to daven Shemoneh E srei
and nothing more. Later that morning af ter coming home f rom the doctors of f ice she
had some extra time to daven. She shouldnt daven Pesuk ei D ezi mra any longer; rather
she should recite all 3 sections of Kri as Shema and the blessing of E mmes V eY atzi v.
Then she should say A lei nu.
S U M M A R Y :
1 . S H E M O N E H E S R E I .
2 . 3 S E C T I O N S O F K R I A S S H E M A ; T H E B L E S S I N G O F E M M E S V E Y A T Z I V .
3 . A L E I N U
C A S E # 2 , 3
A young woman leaves her house for school each morning at 7 a.m. Sunrise is at 7:10
a.m. Since she could only daven at home and on the bus on her way to school, she
starts davening at home and continues on the bus. She davens everything up until
Shemoneh E srei at home. She then davens Shemoneh E srei on the bus sitting down
because she would rather daven Shemoneh E srei af ter sunrise. I f sunrise would be at
6:45 a.m. she should rather recite Shemoneh E srei at home so that she could say it while
standing, rather than say it sitting down while on the bus. She should theref ore recite
everything except f or Kri as Shema with its brochos until she gets onto the bus. Then she
should recite Kri as Shema with its brochos on the bus.
S U M M A R Y : C A S E # 2
1 . A L L O F S H A C H A R I S U N T I L S H E M O N E H E S R E I .
2 . S H E M O N E H E S R E I O N T H E B U S S I T T I N G D O W N A F T E R S U N R I S E
S U M M A R Y : C A S E # 3
1 . A L L O F S H A C H A R I S E X C E P T F O R K R I A S S H E M A W I T H I T S B R O C H O S.
2 . S H E M O N E H E S R E I A T H O M E S T A N D I N G .
3 . K R I A S S H E M A W I T H I T S B R O C H O S.
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
575
C A S E # 4
A Bas M i tzvah schoolgirl usually prays (davens) Shachari s in school but doesnt have time
to eat breakf ast in school. What should she do in order to allow her to eat at home
bef ore davening Shachari s?
What she should pref erably do is recite the brochos starting with A l N eti llas Y adayi m and
A sher Y atzar, E lok aye N eshama with the bi rchos H aT orah, having in mind to f ulf ill the
M i tzvah of T efi lla. She should also recite the pasuk Shema Y i srael and Baruch Shei m. Then,
she may eat breakfast and daven the rest of Shachari s in school.
S U M M A R Y :
1 . A L N E T I L L A S Y A D A Y I M A N D A S H E R Y A T Z A R , E L O K A Y E N E S H A M A W I T H
B I R C H O S H A T O R A H B E F O R E B R E A K F A S T .
2 . T H E R E S T O F S H A C H A R I S A F T E R B R E A K F A S T .
C A S E # 5
Children under Bar Mitzvah and Bas M i tzvah
3
who are hungry before going to shul on
Shabbos morning or bef ore going to school, may eat bef ore davening as needed. They
are not required to hear Ki ddush bef ore eating. They should however be trained not to
eat bef ore Ki ddush when coming home f rom shul . Girls should recite the f irst portion
of Shema bef ore eating in order to accept the Y ok e of H eaven bef ore eating
4
.
S U M M A R Y :
1 . C H I L D R E N U N D E R T H E A G E O F B A R A N D B A S M I T Z V A H M A Y E A T B E F O R E
D A V E N I N G A S N E E D E D W I T H O U T R E C I T I N G K I D D U S H
5
.
2 . C H I L D R E N , W H O A R E O F C H I N U C H A G E
6
, M A Y E A T B E F O R E D A V E N I N G . T H E Y
S H O U L D H O W E V E R F I R S T R E C I T E T H E F I R S T P O R T I O N O F S H E M A .
C A S E # 6
A woman is busy each morning taking care of her children. She f inds it dif ficult to
daven each morning because her children constantly interrupt her. After 11 a.m. she
3
Rav Ovadiah Y osef shlita adds that once a healthy boy at age 12 should be trained not to eat bef ore Ki ddush even in the
morning before going to shul. He may just take something to drink like adults. Y al k ut Y osef D i nei Chinuch Kattan page
93.
4
H alichos Shl omo 2:4
5
See further on about Eating before Davening
6
From about 6 years old until Bar M itzvah
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
576
has a f ew minutes of quiet time when a f riend comes over and takes her children f or a
walk. What is the best way to deal with this situation? By the time her f riend comes
over it is already past the f irst third of the day when the time f or T efi llas Shachari s has
passed. However, at 11 a.m. it is still well bef ore Chatzos (midday).
S O L U T I O N # 1
I f this woman can get up a f ew minutes bef ore her children and daven just the
f irst pasuk of Shema Y israel with Baruch Shei m and Shemoneh E srei , she should do
so. At 11 a.m. she should recite the Bi rchos H ashachar (M orni ng Blessi ngs)
omitting A l N eti llas Y adayi m, and going straight through Bi rchos H ashachar. She
may not daven Pesuk ei D ezi mra with its Brochos af ter Shemoneh E srei , but she
may recite them omitting Hashems Name from the closings of Baruch
Sheamar and Yishtabach. Some Posk im maintain that it is better for a
woman not to recite the brochos that come f irst and the bracha that follows Kri as
Shema, since it is really past the time f or Tefi llas Shachari s. She should however
recite all three sections of Shema along with E mmes V eyatzi v, but without
H ashems Name at the end of the bracha.
S O L U T I O N # 2
I f this woman doesnt have any time to recite Shemoneh E srei bef ore 11 a.m.
she should at least say the f irst pasuk of Shema Y i srael with Baruch Shei m if
possible. At 11 a.m. she should daven straight f rom A l N eti llas Y adayi m
through all the morning brochos, Pesuk ei D eZ i mra as usual, Kri as Shema and its
blessings as usual, and then Shemoneh E srei and A lei nu.
S U M M A R Y # 1
1 . F I R ST P A S U K O F S H E M A Y I S R A E L W I T H B A R U C H S H E I M ;
2 . S H E M O N E H E S R E I , B E F O R E 1 1 A . M .
3 . M O R N I N G B R O C H O S O M I T T I N G A L N E T I L L A S Y A D A Y I M , G O I N G S T R A I G H T
T H R O U G H T H E B I R C H O S H A S H A C H A R A F T E R 1 1 A . M .
S U M M A R Y # 2
4 . F I R ST P A S U K O F S H E M A Y I S R A E L W I T H B A R U C H S H E I M .
5 . A F T E R 1 1 A . M . S H E S H O U L D D A V E N S T R A I G H T F R O M A L N E T I L L A S Y A D A Y I M
T H R O U G H A L L T H E M O R N I N G B R O C H O S .
6 . P E S U K E I D E Z I M R A A S U S U A L , K R I A S S H E M A A N D I T S B L E S SI N G S A S U S U A L ;
S H E M O N E H E S R E I A N D A L E I N U .
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
577
SA M P L E T I M E C H A R T F O R T H E F I R ST D A Y O F
SH A V U O S 5 7 6 6
Zemanim for Yerushalayim - June 1, 2006/ 6 Sivan, 5766
Dawn - Alos Hashachar 4:22 A
Earliest Tallis 4:39 A
Sunrise 5:34 A
8:30 A (Magen Avraham)
Latest time to read the Shema
9:06 A (Gra)
9:52 A (Magen Avraham)
Latest time for Tefilla (Shemoneh Esrei)
10:16 A (Gra)
Chatzos (Midday) 12:37 P
Mincha Gedolah 1:12 P
Mincha Ketana 4:44 P
Plag Mincha 6:12 P
Sunset 7:40 P
8:21 P (Geonim)
3 Stars come out - Tzeis Hakochavim
8:52 P (Rabbeinu Tam)
This Shabbat Information - Shabbat Shavuos
7 Sivan 5766
Candle Lighting 7:00 P
8:22 P (Geonim)
Havdalah
8:52 P (Rabbeinu Tam)
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8 T H E P I R C H E I
S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
578
B A C K G R O U N D - E SSA Y
Prayer t he Essence of Mankind
Prayer is not a gender related issue. That is to say, man was created with a unique
ability and need to communicate with his creator. This is perhaps the most
important aspect, which distinguishes man f rom animals. When G-d created Man,
He blew into his nostrils a breath of l i fe. Onk el es explains that this phenomenon is
ref erring specif ically to Mans ability to articulate his emotions and spi ri t with words
and speech.
The verse in Berei shi s
7
reads; All the wild shrubs did not yet exist on the earth, and
all the wild plants had not yet sprouted. This was because H ashem had not brought
rain on the earth, and there was no man to work the ground.
Rashi explains that what this really means is that since there was no man to
appreciate the rain and pray f or it to happen; theref ore H ashem did not yet cause it
to rain and make plant lif e grow. This in essence means H ashem waited f or man to
take note of the needs of the world and to communicate to Him to interact with
the world and sustain it with its needs.
When the world was created, the vegetation of the ground that was created on Day
3 of Creation lay dormant at the earths surf ace without f urther development or
progress. Rain was lacking, and H ashem did not grant it to the world until the
creation of Man at which point, he prayed f or it and H ashem granted his wish.
Although rain appears to be a natural phenomenon, Hashem apportions it to the
world in varying amounts, at dif f erent places and dif f erent times. Rain can come as
a blessing or it can come as a curse. I t can be withheld altogether causing great
f amine and drought. Our Sages taught that the key that controls rain is solely in the
hand of G-d and not in the hands of any M alachi m (angels); thus, when we need
rain, we must realize that were beseeching H ashem directly to give us rain. This
communication is unique to all Mankind alike. Men, women and even children cry
out to H ashem f or their needs as depicted throughout T anach over and over again.
The Torah relates the prayers recited by f amous individuals throughout history
including those that were said by illustrious women. Chazal (our Sages) teach that
the matriarchs were childless f or many years so that they would pour their heart s
out in prayer to H ashem. H ashem indulges in the prayers of His loved ones.
7
2:5
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
579
Undoubtedly, prayer def ines the essence of Man. I n the Gemara Bava Kama
8
, Man is
ref erred to as M aveh (one who prays) as the verse states, Omar Shomer, assa bok er
vegam l ayl a, i m ti bayoun bayou (Says the watchman: Morning comes, and also night; if
you seek, seek). Rashi explains: this verse ref ers to H ashem as the watchman Who
says when morni ng, the period in history when H ashem will redeem the righteous
f rom their exile, arrives; and darkness is cast upon the wicked; if one wishes to beg
f orgiveness and repent, they should do so. Thus the term bayou def ines Man as one
who seeks and prays (davens) to H ashem for f orgiveness.
Throughout the generations, the Book of Tehi lli m was perhaps the most worn
volume of the entire T anach, as men, women, and children pored over its pages,
reciting f ervent prayer in times of need. The power of prayer is most of ten
augmented with the recital of T ehi lli m as D ovi d H amel ech captures the heart and soul
of Jews in all situations in lif e throughout time, in the timeless words of T ehi lli m.
According to this, one may f ind it diff icult to understand why women were in f act
excused and exempted from certain obligations of daily prayer?
The A budraham explains that the reason that women were exempted f rom certain
obligations of prayer was because of the womans central role in the Jewish home.
As a mother and housewif e a woman f inds herself investing most of her time and
energy in ensuring the best possible environment to nurture and raise her precious
Jewish f amily. The crown achievement of a woman is her f amily. She is the
irreplaceable foundation and cornerstone of Jewish continuity. Because of this, a
woman has certain H alachically defi ned allowances that make prayer less intrusive and
interf ering with her role at home. I t would be an enormous error to say women are
exempt f rom prayer. Women in f act are always praying f or the health and welf are
of their loved ones, whether when lighting the candles to greet the Shabbos; by the
ritual of separating dough f rom the Challah; or when rocking their little ones to
sleep. A true Jewish mother is depicted as one who drenches her T ehi lli m quietly in
tears.
With this in mind, let us proceed to outline the H alachi c parameters of womens
obligations in prayer.
The Daily Prayers
During the course of the year, the general f ormat of daily prayer consists of three
main prayers; Shacharis, Mincha and Maariv. These three prayers are recited
throughout the course of the year without exception. The Mussaf Prayer is added
8
D af 3b
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
580
on certain days of the year such as the three f estivals, Pesach, Shavuos and Succos, and
also on Rosh Chodesh. There is an obligation for men to pray these prayers daily and
to get together in groups of at least ten adults to f orm a M i nyan. Women are not
only exempt f rom praying these prayers together with a M i nyan, but what is more
signif icant is that they do not combine together with others to complete a M i nyan.
N evertheless, they do share the benef its of praying with a M i nyan if they choose to
attend. However, historically, women in general did not commonly attend a daily
M i nyan to pray. They did commonly attend prayer in shul on Shabbos and on
f estivals.
Tefilla Obligat ion
There are various opinions and customs as to the extent of a womans obligation in
daily prayer. One opinion is that a woman is required to pray at least one time a
day, but it doesnt have to be Shemoneh E srei . I t could be any Tefilla Ketzara (short
prayer) which conf orms to the basic components
9
of a T efi lla (prayer).
Sephardi women should pray at least one Shemoneh E srei ; pref erably Shachari s. I f a
woman was unable to pray (daven) Shachari s until Chatzos (midday), she should pray
M i ncha, or at least the Shemoneh E srei of M aari v
10
. The prayers of Shemoneh E srei of
women must f ollow the times f or prayer f or each prayer they wish to pray (daven).
Rav Ovadiah Y osef shli ta considers it praiseworthy for a woman to recite all three of
the daily prayers in their correct times
11
.
A woman of A shk enazi descent should pray Shacharis and M i ncha. Some Posk i m
require her to recite M aari v as well. The prevalent custom is to just pray Shachari s
and M i ncha.
A woman who is busy caring f or her children or some other similar situation where
she cannot always f ind time to pray (daven) is exempt f rom the above obligation.
She should recite at least a T efi lla Ketzara (short prayer).
9
See next Heading
10
Y alk ut Y osef Otzar D i nim L eI sha U l eBas 3:2
11
Please refer to page 576 for a sample chart for times for T efil l a (prayer)
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
581
The Basic Component s of Tefilla
The Pri Megadim
12
explains:
According to the Rambam
13
, the M i tzvah of T efi lla consists of 3 parts:
a) Shevach (Praise): An introduction of praise
to H ashem
b) Bakasha (Request): A prayer asking H ashem
to provide us with our needs
c) Hodaah (Appreciation) A closing of
additional praise and appreciation to H ashem.
Bi rchas Hashachar, Bi rchos HaTorah
Rav Shlomo Z alman A uerbach ztl rules that women who do not pray the f ull Shemoneh
E srei prayers, should at least recite Bi rchas H ashachar with the last section containing
the Y ehi Ratzone (May it be the will). Otherwise, they can recite Bi rchos H aT orah,
which consists of a praise of Baruch A tta H ashem A sher Ki dshanu BeM i tzvosav
V etzi vanu L aasok (or A l) D i vrei T orah; a request V eha' arev N ah (Please sweeten)
and a praise and appreciation A sher Bachar Banu M ik ol H aami m (That You chose
us f rom all the nations).
Modeh Ani
M odeh
14
A ni (I thank) contains Praise to H ashem and an Appreciation. A woman can
add a personal Request and with this addition, she has fulf illed her Torah obligation
to pray. This works according to Rav Shlomo Z alman A uerbach ztl even though the
Request comes af ter the Praise and Appreciation. On the other hand, Rav Chai m
Kanievsk y shli ta is quoted as saying that the Request must be in-between the Praise
and Appreciation. Rav M oshe Shternbuch shlita points out that one who wishes to
consider this her prayer for the purpose of f ulf illing her Torah obligation must
have explicit intent to f ulf ill her M i tzvah.
12
I ntroduction H ilchos Tefill a Simon 89
13
H ilchos T efi lla Perek 1: 2
14
According to Rav A uerbach the correct pronunciation for women is M odoh A ni
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
582
Bi rchas Hamazon
Bi rchas H amazon is another way a woman can f ulf ill her obligation to pray. I n Bi rchas
H amazon all three components of tefi l l a are included. One would be required to
have intent that this should count towards her obligation to pray.
However, since women are not supposed to eat before praying (daveni ng), how
would it be possible f or a woman to f ulf ill her requirement of T efi lla with Bi rchas
H amazon? Perhaps this is only a practical solution f or a woman who is not well and
she is required to eat breakf ast f or health reasons. Such a woman can f ulf ill her
obligation of Tefi lla with Bi rchas H amazon if shes not well enough to daven as usual.
Al Net illas Yadayim, Asher Yat zar and Elokaye
Neshama
Women customarily recite all these three blessings including A l N eti llas Y adayi m,
when reciting it bef ore praying (daveni ng) Shemoneh E srei.
A Womans Obligat ion in Birchos HaTorah
The M echaber
15
rules that women should recite Bi rchos H aT orah. There is an issue
whether women can say this blessing and have men f ulf ill their requirement by
listening to their blessing
16
. The reason for this dif ference is because women are not
obligated in the M i tzvah of Torah study. Rav Ovadi ah Y osef shli ta maintains that
women should recite Bi rchos H aT orah; but if they have a doubtf ul situation where
theyre not sure whether they said Bi rchos H aT orah, they shouldnt recite it
17
since
their obligation in this bracha is at most a D eRabbanan (a Rabbinic ruling)
18
.
A Womans Obligat ion in Birchos Hashachar
19
The M i shna Berura brings a proof that the Mechabers opinion is that women
should recite Bi rchos H ashachar. The proof to this is that the M echaber says in Si mon
46
20
that instead of reciting the blessing She' lo A ssani I sha (Who has not made me a
15
Shulchan A ruch Orach Chaim Simon 47:14
16
See Shulchan A ruch Orach Chaim end of Simon 47 and also M ishna Berura and Bi ur H al acha.
17
Y alk ut Y osef Otzar D i nim L eI sha U l eBas 2:7
18
See also M ishna Berura in Biur H al acha who concurs with this.
19
The arrangement of blessings recited each morning beginning with the blessing of A sher nassan L asechvi veena,
l e' havchin bein yomeuvei n l ayla (Who the gives the heart/ rooster understanding to discern between day and night)
20
Sei f 4
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
583
woman), women should recite Sheassani Ki retzono (Who made me in accordance to
His will). This implies that women recite the rest of the blessings as well
21
.
A discussion w het her t he Birchos H ashachar may be said past t he t ime allot t ed for Tefillas Shachar is (M orning
Prayer) is discussed by t he M ishna Berur a (Simon 70:1, M ishna Berura sk 2, and Simon 52, M ishna Berur a sk
10) As for t he opinion of t he M echaber and t he opposing view of t he Rama regarding saying t he blessings for
t ime-bound M it zvos for w omen, see Simon 17:2, and Simon 589:6.
Birchos Hashachar: A Womans Version
Although women should really say Shel o A ssani
Goyah (Gentile) and Shelo A ssani Shifchah in the
f eminine instead of Shelo A ssani Goy and Shelo A ssani
Ahved; nevertheless they recite these blessings the
same way men recite them, since both men and
women recite them f or the same reason
22
. Other Posk i m maintain that they should
say it in the f eminine; Shelo A ssani Goyah and Shelo A ssani Shi fchah. However, the
Kaf Hachaim
23
quotes the sefer Olas Shabbos as saying that they should omit
H ashems name f rom this blessing, since the Talmud does not mention such a
blessing. N evertheless, one may say it using H ashems Name, according to Ben I sh
Chai
24
and also according to the opinion of the Yalkut Yosef
25
. A shk enazic Posk im
maintain that women should recite these blessing exactly as men. Rav Ovadi ah Y osef
shl i ta maintains that with regard to the womans special bracha of Sheassani Ki retzono,
a woman should not mention the H ashem E lok ei nu M el ech H aol am when saying this
bracha since this bracha is not mentioned by the T almud.
21
This seems to include the blessings of Ozer Y i srael Bigvura and Oteir Y i srael Besifara. The relevance this has to
women was discussed at the end of shiur 4
22
These blessings are to give thanks to H ashem f or creating us as Jews who are obligated to perf orm His M itzvos
and we are also sanctified as Jews who are one nation and marry into each other.
23
46:42
24
Parshas V ayeishev # 9
25
H ilchos Birchos H ashachar # 6 (page 52)
Shelo Assani Go yah,
Shelo Assani Shifchah
Shelo Assani Goy
Shelo Assani Ahved
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
584
Pesukei DeZimra
Regarding Pesuk ei D eZ imra, the M i shna Berura cites the opinion of Rebbe A k i va E iger
ztl that women are obligated to
recite it since its entire purpose is a
preparation f or Shemoneh E srei , by f irst
praising H ashem and asking our
personal requests in Shemoneh E srei.
Since women are obligated to pray
(daven) Shemoneh E srei , they should also
pray (daven) Pesuk ei D eZ i mra. However, the Shulchan A ruch H arav disagrees
26
. He
says that women do not have to recite Pesuk ei D eZ imra; if they wish to recite it,
they may. He maintains that they may also recite its blessings (i.e. Baruch Sheamar
and Y i shtabach). On the other hand, Rav Ovadi ah Y osef shl i ta maintains that Sephardi c
women who follow the opinion of the M echaber
27
are not allowed to recite any of
these brochos (blessings), since the position of the M echaber is that women are not
allowed to recite blessings f or M i tzvos f rom which they are exempt. Only women
f rom A shk enazi c descent who follow the opinion of the Rama regarding blessings
f or M i tzvos they voluntarily perf orm, may recite these blessings as well.
Women: Birchos Krias Shema and Krias Shema
The Mechaber states that women are exempt from Kri as Shema because it is a
M i tzvas A ssei Shehazeman
Gramma (a positive, time-
bound M i tzvah).
The M agen A vraham adds that
they are also exempt f rom the
Bi rchos Kri as Shema because
they are only recited when its
time f or T efi llas Shachari s. Thus, they too are considered Z eman Gramma (time-
bound).
How Late can Women Recit e Krias Shema and
Birchos Krias Shema?
As mentioned above, women do not have an obligation beyond the f irst pasuk of
Shema. However, if they choose to recite all three parshiyos (sections) like men they
26
Simon 70: 1. He says the same regarding the Birchos Kri as Shema
27
See box on page 576
Women should recit e Pesukei
DeZimra w it h t he opening Baruch
Sheamar and closing Yisht abach
brochos, according t o most Poskim.
According t o Rav Ovadiah Yosef
shlit a, Sephardic w omen are not
allowed t o recit e t hese blessings.
Women are exempt fro m recit ing Krias Shema. They are also
not obligat ed t o recit e Birchos Krias Shema (i.e. The blessings
of Yot zeir Ohr, Ahavah Rabba).
They are r equired t o at least recit e t he first pasuk of Shema
Yisrael and Baruch Sheim Kevode et c.
According t o most Poskim, w omen are allow ed t o recit e all
t hese brochos. According t o Rav Ovadiah Yosef shlit a,
Sephardic w omen are not allowed t o recit e t hese blessings.
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
585
are commended f or doing so. I n such a case, they should also recite the three
words Kei l M el ech N eeman at the beginning of Kri as Shema to complete the number
of words in Kri as Shema to 248 equal to the number of limbs in the human body
28
.
Even those women who are scrupulous to recite the three parshi yos of Kri as Shema
do not have to recite it particularly in the f irst quarter of the day, since women are
not obligated in this M i tzvah, whi ch is a time-bound M i tzvah. I f they wish to recite
Kri as Shema with its brochos, then they are required to recite it bef ore the end of the
f irst third of the day, which is the ending time f or reciting T efi llas Shachari s
Zechiras Yet zias Mit zrayim:
Remembering t he Exodus from Egypt
According to H alacha, it is a M i tzvah to remember the Exodus f rom Egypt (Z echi ras
Y etzi as M i tzrayi m) twice each day; once in the morning and a second time in the
evening. The Pri M egadi m mentions that according to the view that Z echi ras Y etzi as
M i tzrayi m at night is only a M i tzvah deRabbanan (a Rabbinic directive), then Z echi ras
Y etzi as M i tzrayi m is def initely a M i tzvas
A ssei Shehazeman Gramma, since
according to Torah-law the M i tzvah is only
in the morning; hence, women are
exempt. However, the M agen A vraham
29
rules that women are required to f ulf ill
this M i tzvah. Accordingly, they should recite
the bracha of E mmes V eY atzi v in the
daytime especially if they are not reading the
entire Kri as Shema, in order f or them to
f ulf ill the M i tzvah by reciting this
blessing.
Once they are doing this already, they
should not interrupt between the
closing of this bracha which is Goal
Y i srael and the start of Shemoneh E srei in
order to f ulf ill the M i tzvah of being Somech Geulah L eT efi lla (putting together the
bracha of Goal Y i srael with Shemoneh E srei). Otherwise, a woman who recites all three
sections (parshi yos) of Kri as Shema f ulf ills the M i tzvah of Remembering our departure
f rom Egypt (Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m) wi th the f inal verse in the third paragraph of
28
Please refer to Roadmap to Prayer Lesson 14, page 216
29
Simon 70:1
Women w ho recit e all 3 port ions
of Krias Shema do not have t o
recit e t hem before t he ending t ime
for t he M orning Shema (aft er 3
H alachic hour s of t he day).
If t hey w ish t o recit e Shema along
w it h Birchos Kri as Shema, t hey
must recit e it before t he ending
t ime for pr aying Shacharis (aft er 4
H alachic hour s of t he day). Some
allow t hem t o recit e it unt il
Chat zos (no on). Women are also
not obligat ed t o recit e Bircho s Krias
Shema (i.e. The blessings of Yot zeir
Ohr, Ahav ah Rabba) . According t o
most Poskim w o men are allow ed
t o recit e all t hese brochos.
According t o Rav Ovadiah Yosef
shlit a, Sephardic w omen are not
allowed t o recit e t hese blessings.
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
586
Shema. They may then recite Shemoneh E srei any time later if they dont have time to
recite both the bracha of E mmes V eY atzi v and the entire Shemoneh E srei right now.
The Sha agas A r yeh
30
di sagr ees wi t h the M agen A vr ah am s interpretation of
this H alacha citing the widespread custom amongst women not to pray (daven)
f ormal prayers, and at the
same time they are also not
cautious to f ulf ill the M i tzvah
of Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m.
He writes about this laxity;
H anach lahem leY i srael, i m
ei nom N evi i m bnei N evi i m hei m
(take no notice of the
children of I srael, for if they
are not prophets, they are
children of prophets)
31
. He
concludes that in fact,
women are exempt from
the Mitzvah of Zechiras
Yetzias Mitzrayim even if
the M i tzvah applies to both
daytime and nighttime. The
logic of this is that the two
are separate M i tzvos and they
do not complement each other. I f the daytime M i tzvah is missed, one cannot make
up f or it at night. Similarly, if the nighttime one was missed, one cannot make up
f or it in the daytime. Thus, even Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m is a M itzvas A ssei
Shehazeman Gramma f rom which women are exempt
32
.
Tachanun
The prevalent custom is that women dont recite this blessing
33
. Rav Ovadi ah Y osef
shl i ta mentions
34
that it would be bef itting f or a woman to recite the V i duy (sin-
conf ession) portion of T achanun. The M achzeh E li yahu ref ers us to the original
30
Simon 13
31
Shabbos 148b
32
Shaarei Teshuvah 70: 1
33
Tefill a Kehil chasa 15:5
34
Y alk ut Y osef Otzar D i nim L eI sha U l eBas 3:14
Women w ho perhaps omit t he first t w o blessings before
Krias Shema should at least recit e t he blessing t hat follow s
Krias Shema (i.e. Emmes VeYat ziv) in order t o fulfill t he
M it zvah of Zechiras Yet zias M it zrayim (Remembering t he
Exodus from Egypt ) w it h it .
Aft er finishing t he blessing of Emmes VeYat ziv w it h t he
closing bracha of Goal Yisrael , a w oman should proceed t o
pray (daven) Shemoneh Esrei w it hout delay or int errupt ion
t o be Somech Geulah leTefilla (recit e Shemoneh Esrei r ight
aft er Go al Yisrael).
It is bet t er for a w oman t o recit e t he first verse of Shema
alone; t hen t he blessing of Emmes VeYat ziv and proceed t o
Shemoneh Esrei; rat her t han recit e t he full 3 sect ions of
Shema and Shemoneh Esrei w it hout t he bracha of Emmes
VeYat ziv.
According t o Rav Ovadiah Yosef shlit a, Sephardic
w omen are not allowed t o recit e t his blessing either.
Women should fulfill t his M it zv ah at night in t he same
manner as by day. In pract ice, Women w ho dont daven
M aariv usually do not fulfill t his M it zvah unless t hey are
met iculous t o recit e t he 3 parshiyos (sect ions) of Shema
before going t o bed. According t o t he Shaagas Aryeh,
women do not cust omary fulfill t his Mit zvah, even in
t he morning.
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
587
reason for reciting T achanun with N efi llas A payi m
35
; which is to f ollow the dif ferent
manners which M oshe Rabbei nu beseeched H ashem; sitting down, standing up, and
f alling to his f ace. Since women are exempt from the main order of prayer, they
wouldnt f all to their f aces either.
Ashrei and Uva LeTziyone
This prayer does not have to be recited by women. Nevertheless, women
commonly recite this prayer anyway; time permitting.
Aleinu, Shir shel Yom
Women most commonly say A lei nu as a closing to whichever Tefi lla they recite. The
Song of the day (Shi r shel Y om) is like A shrei and U va L eT zi yone.
Ein KElokeinu and Pit t um Haket ores
Women do not commonly recite the recital of Ein K Elokeinu and Pittum
Haketores as it is mainly for men to recite f or the M itzvah of Torah study. Since
women are not obligated to study Torah per se, they dont usually recite this portion
as part of their personal prayer.
Tefillas Mussaf
The Posk i m (authorities on H alachic matters) discuss whether women are obligated
in the M ussaf prayers of Rosh Chodesh and the f estivals. Since the Korban M ussaf was
brought f rom the Shek ali m coin donations which men are obligated and women are
exempt, the question arises whether women were included in the M i tzvah to pray
(daven) T efi llas M ussaf. Rebbe A k i va E i ger ztl in his notes to Shulchan A ruch
36
writes
that it is customary for women to recite the Shemoneh E srei of M ussaf in addition to
Shemoneh E srei of Shachari s and M i ncha. Rav Ben T ziyone A bba Shaul ztl , concurs with
this opinion even for Sephardi c women. Rav Ovadiah Y osef shli ta maintains that it is
better for women not recite T efi llas M ussaf on their own. They should rather listen
to the Shali ach T zi bbur and f ulf ill the M i tzvah through listening. He adds that if a
Sephardi women wishes to recite T efi llas M ussaf on her own she is permitted. On
Rosh H ashanah and Y om Ki ppur where M ussaf is also a contains special prayers for
personal matters, a woman is required to recite them. Likewise, women should
recite the N ei lah Prayer on Y om Ki ppur
37
.
35
Falling on ones face which we do by leaning on our forearm
36
Simon 106
37
Y alk ut Y osef Otzar D i nim L eI sha U l eBas 5:5
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
588
Hallel
Women are exempt f rom reciting H al l el on Rosh Chodesh and other f estivals,
because it is a M i tzvas A ssei Shehazeman Gramma (a time-bound M i tzvah). Women
are obligated to recite H allel at the Seder on Pesach night. Some Posk im require
women to recite H al l el on Chanuk ah as well
38
. Rav Ovadi ah Y osef shli ta holds that
women are not obligated to recite Hallel except on the night of Pesach (Passover).
On Rosh Chodesh, Chanuk ah or other Y omi m T ovi m (Festivals) Sephardi women who
recite H allel should not recite the blessing at its beginning or its end
39
.
Tefilla Priorit ies for Women
Women who are busy with their children at home are exempt from the M i tzvah of
prayer at that time. Theref ore, if need be, they can skip the prayer at that time of
day. I f they will have some time to pray some parts of tefi l l a but not all, she should
plan to recite as much as she can, according to the f ollowing order of importance
and priorities.
P R I O R I T I E S :
I. Shemoneh Esrei
II. First verse of Shema and Baruch Sheim Kev ode M alchusso et c.
III. Emmes VeYat ziv unt il t he end (Go al Yisrael) w it h Shemoneh Esrei immediat ely
aft erw ards.
IV. Bi rchos H ashachar and Birchos H aTorah w it h t he select ion of verses.
V. The compl et e Shema and t he t w o brochos t hat precede it (according t o most
Poskim).
VI. Baruch Sheamar and Yisht abach w it h at least Ashrei in-bet w een (according t o
most Poskim, see det ail s above).
Davening Shemoneh Esrei while St anding or
Sit t ing
I t is always pref erable to pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei while one is standing in one
place. However, at times it becomes necessary to allow Shemoneh E srei to be recited
while seated. I f one doesnt have enough time in the day to pray bef ore traveling
one can use the time during travel to pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei even while seated.
I f however a woman knows that she could pray (daven) most of davening up until
Shemoneh E srei and then pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei while traveling and seated, she
38
Toras Raphael Orach Chaim 75, M oadim U Z emanim 2:146. See also I ggros M oshe Volume 1:190 who mentions
such an obligation.
39
Y alk ut Y osef Otzar D i nim L eI sha U l eBas 5:4
T H E P I R C H E I S H O S H A N I M R O A D M A P T O P R A Y E R P R O J E C T
A N A T T A C H M E N T O F T H E S O U L L E S S O N 3 8
589
should rather pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei at home even though she will have to skip
most of the regular davening, parts of which she cannot recite af ter Shemoneh E srei .
This is true even if this will prevent her f rom being able to be Somech Geulah
leT efi lla.
Act ivit ies one must Refrain from before
Davening
A woman who prays (davens) at home should not involve herself in any activities
bef ore praying (daveni ng) f irst. This includes activities that take time to perform such
as many household chores. She may however perform activities that do not take
time such as turning the washing machine on, when everything was already placed
inside the washer the night bef ore. I f a woman needs to care for her young children
to help f eed them breakfast or get them of f to school, she may do so even if this
will delay her davening. I f taking care of her childrens needs takes up all her time
f or davening, thats a priority, which exempt s her from that prayer altogether.
A woman who serves her husband breakf ast is also considered a priority in prayer
and she should not delay him because of her prayer.
Eat ing before Praying (Davening)
There is a H al acha (Jewish Law) that anyone who is already Bar/ Bat M i tzvah that
they not eat or drink in the morning before praying (daveni ng) f irst. Children under
that age may eat bef ore praying (daveni ng) even if they are physically strong enough
to wait to eat breakf ast until after praying (daveni ng). The general M i tzvah of Chi nuch
(training children in M i tzvos at age-appropriate times) doesnt apply to eating bef ore
praying (daveni ng), just like with regard to eating bef ore Ki ddush on Shabbos
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.
Theref ore, children may eat breakf ast before satisf ying their requirement in the
M i tzvah of T efi lla (prayer).
Girls Who Pray (Daven) in School
Girls who are already Bas M i tzvah who pray (daven) in school and do not have time
to eat breakf ast there, may recite a short T efi lla (prayer) at home before leaving f or
school allowing them to eat breakf ast before davening the rest of T efi llas Shacharis.
The short T efi l l a (prayer) should consist of 3 parts as explained earlier in this lesson.
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Simon 106 M ishna Berura k 5
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Kiddush on Shabbos: Eat ing before Kiddush
On Shabbos the law is that one may not eat or drink anything before Ki ddush
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.
There is also a prohibition that one should not eat or drink before praying
(daveni ng)
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. Beverages that are drunk mainly f or their health benef it and not f or the
sake of enjoyment are not prohibited before praying (daveni ng) Shachari s in the
morning. For example, cof f ee is a drink that people usually drink to help them
f unction better in the morning and is commonly drunk bef ore praying (daveni ng).
When one wishes to drink or eat something on Shabbos morning, one is only
allowed to drink something before Ki ddush if one is presently not allowed to eat a
meal yet. Since the M i tzvah of Ki ddush requires that it be accompanied by a meal
(Ki ddush Bemak om Seudah) one only becomes obligated in the M i tzvah of Ki ddush at
such a time. Since one may not eat a meal bef ore praying (daveni ng) in the morning,
at that time the obligation of Ki ddush has not yet begun because of the prohibition
to eat a meal bef ore praying (daveni ng), thus creating a leniency allowing one to drink
something bef ore Ki ddush. Accordingly, a woman that intends to pray (daven)
Shachari s later in the morning may drink something bef ore Ki ddush on Shabbos
since she anyhow may not partake in a meal until af ter Shachari s. On the other hand
women who generally f ulf ill their obligation to pray by reciting just a short prayer as
mentioned earlier in this lesson, Rav Shlomo Z alman A uerbach ztl rules that such
women become obligated in Ki ddush since they already satisf ied their obligation of
prayer. I f such a woman wants to drink something on Shabbos morning bef ore
Ki ddush should be caref ul not to recite any blessing before drinking on Shabbos
morning. Otherwise, they would become obligated in Ki ddush since they already
f ulf illed their obligation to pray and as a result they would become obligated to
recite Ki ddush f irst.
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Simon 289: 1
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Simon 89: 3
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See Shmiras Shabbos Kehilchaso quoting Rav A uerbch extensively in Volume 2 Chapter 52:13 and in the f ootnotes.
He also mentions that unless one intends to eat a considerable amount of f ood as in a case of one who is ill, one
should not make Ki ddush f or f ood considered to be just a snack. Rav Moshe Feinstein zt l has a dif f erent view
regarding a married woman.
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Quest ions:
1) How can women f ulf ill their obligation to pray (daven)?
2) Do men share the same H alachos regarding these various combinations f or the
morning prayers (T efi llas Shachari s)?
3) Which of the following may a woman recite af ter praying (daveni ng) Shemoneh
E srei ? 1) Pesuk ei D eZ i mra including its brochos. 2) 3 sections of Shema including
its brochos.
4) I s it better for a woman to recite Shemoneh E srei on the bus while sitting down
and praying (daveni ng) all of Shachari s according to its regular order, or is it better
f or a woman to skip Kri as Shema and its brochos in order to recite Shemoneh E srei
at home while standing?
5) What should a woman pray (daven) in order to be permitted to eat breakfast at
home bef ore praying (daveni ng) the regular order of Shachari s in school?
6) What did H ashem do by Creation which specif ically taught us the signif icance of
T efi lla (prayer)?
7) Are women obligated to recite Bi rchos H aT orah? I f they do, can they say it to be
motzee(f ulf ill) a mans obligation?
8) Should women recite Bi rchos H ashachar? What is an obvious proof to this?
9) Should women recite Pesuk ei D eZ i mra with the opening and closing brochos?
10) How late can a woman recite the brochos f or Kri as Shema?
11) How late can a woman recite Shemoneh E srei of Shachari s?
12) What does the Shaagas A ryeh comment with regard to a womans obligation in
the M i tzvah of Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m?
13) Are women obligated in the M i tzvah of reciting H allel at any time that H al l el is
recited during the course of the year?
14) Why is E mmes V eY atzi v considered a high priority for an A shk enazi woman to
recite according to all Rabbinical Authorities (Posk i m)?
15) May a child that is of Chi nuch-age allowed to eat bef ore praying (daveni ng)?
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16) May a child that is of Chi nuch-age allowed to eat bef ore Ki ddush on Shabbos
morning?
17) When is a woman not even allowed to drink water bef ore reciting K iddush on
Sahbbos morning even bef ore praying (daveni ng) T efi llas Shachari s?
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Answers:
1) They can f ulf ill it either by reciting a T efi lla Ketzara (short prayer) consisting of a
Praise to H ashem, a Request, and an Appreciation, according to some
Rabbinical Authorities (Posk i m). According to other Posk i m, women should
make an ef f ort to recite at least the Shemoneh E srei of Shachari s and M i ncha.
2) No. Men are generally required to f ollow the basic order of reciting Pesuk ei
D eZ i mra, three sections of Shema along with all its brochos, followed
immediately by Shemoneh E srei .
3) Af ter reciting Shemoneh E srei , even women may not recite the brochos for Pesuk ei
D eZ i mra. They may however, recite the three sections of Shema along with its
brochos.
4) I f a woman can pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei at home while standing after sunrise
(H aN ei tz H achamah), she should do so even if this causes her to pray (daven) the
rest of Shachari s out of order.
5) She should f irst pray (daven) a Tefi lla Ketzara as outlined in Answer # 1.
6) H ashem created the vegetation on the 3
rd
day of Creation, yet He didnt bring
the rain to make it grow until Adam saw the need and prayed (davened) to
H ashem f or rain. This teaches us the importance of prayer.
7) Women recite Bi rchos H aT orah. I t is questionable though whether their
part icipation in this bracha is suf f icient to help be motzee (f ulf ill) a mans
obligation through her recital of the bracha.
8) Women do recite Bi rchos H ashachar as it is evident f rom the special bracha that
only women recite; the bracha Sheassani Ki retzono.
9) There is a dispute amongst the recent Rabbinical Authorities (Posk i m) whether
Sephardi women are permitted to recite the brochos f or Pesuk ei D eZ i mra.
10) A woman should pref erably not recite the brochos for Kri as Shema past the
regular time f or morning Prayers (T efi llas Shachari s) which is at the end of the
f ourth H alachi c H our of the day. I f necessary, she may recite them as late as
Chatzos (midday).
11) The same as in the previous answer (Answer # 10).
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12) He comments that women in general are not meticulous in perf orming the
M i tzvah of Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m. He explains that the reason for this is
because it is a M i tzvas A ssei Shehazeman Gramma (a commandment which
requires that it be perf ormed within a certain time) from which women are
exempt.
13) Women are generally exempt from reciting H al l el (although they commonly do)
except f or the night of Pesach. Some Rabbinical Authorities (Posk i m) maintain
that women are obligated to recite H allel on Chanuk ah as well.
14) E mmes V eY atzi v contains in it the commemoration of remembering our
Exodus f rom Egypt (Z echi ras Y etzi as M i tzrayi m) which is obligatory f or women
according to some Rabbinical Authorities (Posk i m).
15) Yes, except that he should recite Shema f irst.
16) Yes.
17) A woman who does not intend to pray (daven) Shemoneh E srei of Shachari s, and
she already satisf ied her obligation to pray (daven) by saying a short prayer
(T efi lla Ketzara), she may not even drink water bef ore reciting Ki ddush since she
became obligated to recite Ki ddush with her short Tefi lla.