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- PHY 130 - Chapter 2 -Kinematics in One Dimension
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You are on page 1of 15

Foundation

64 minutes

64 marks

Page 1 of 15

Q1.

(a)

Choose from the phrases listed to complete the statements which follow. You may use

each statement once, more than once or not at all.

standing still

walking at constant speed

walking with an increasing speed

walking with a decreasing speed

(i)

...........................................................................................................................

(1)

(ii)

...........................................................................................................................

(1)

(b)

You can tell that the speed of the person between points A and B is ........................

than the speed between points C and D because .......................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

(2)

(c)

.....................................................................................................................................

(1)

(Total 5 marks)

Page 2 of 15

Q2.

(a)

Stopping distance = thinking distance + braking distance.

Give three different factors which affect the thinking distance or the braking distance. In

your answer you should explain what effect each factor has on the stopping distance.

1. ................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

2. ................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

3. ................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

(6)

(b)

Acceleration is the rate of change of .............................................................. .

The acceleration of a car depends on the force applied by the engine and the

........................................... of the car.

(2)

Page 3 of 15

(c)

Name two other forces which act on the car when it is moving. Give the direction in which

each of these factors acts.

1. Name of force ........................................................................................................

Direction of this force ...........................................................................................

2. Name of force ........................................................................................................

Direction of this force ...........................................................................................

(4)

(d)

The velocity of a car is its speed in a particular .......................................................

(1)

(Total 13 marks)

Q3.

(a)

The graph shows how far the car travelled and how long it took.

Page 4 of 15

(i)

Between which points was the car travelling fastest? Tick ( ) your answer.

Points

Tick ( )

AB

BC

CD

DE

EF

(1)

(ii)

...........................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................

(1)

(b)

When a car has to stop, the overall stopping distance is greater if:

Also, the greater the speed of the car, then the greater the braking ................................

needed to stop in a certain time.

(3)

(Total 5 marks)

Q4.

(a) A shopping trolley is being pushed at a constant speed. The arrows represent the

horizontal forces on the trolley.

Page 5 of 15

(i)

..........................................................................................................................

(1)

(ii)

Which one of the distance-time graphs, K, L or M, shows the motion of the trolley?

Draw a circle around your answer.

(1)

(b)

Complete the sentence by crossing out the two words in the box that are wrong.

(1)

(c)

Three trolleys, A, B and C, are pushed using the same size force. The force causes each

trolley to accelerate.

....................................................................................................................................

Give a reason for your answer.

....................................................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

Page 6 of 15

Q5.

A horse and rider take part in a long distance race. The graph shows how far the horse and

rider travel during the race.

(a)

distance = .................................................................. km

(1)

(b)

How long did it take the horse and rider to complete the race?

.....................................................................................................................................

(1)

(c)

What distance did the horse and rider travel in the first 2 hours of the race?

distance = .................................................................. km

(1)

(d)

How long did the horse and rider stop and rest during the race?

.....................................................................................................................................

(1)

(e)

Not counting the time it was resting, between which two points was the horse moving the

slowest?

................................. and ..................................

Give a reason for your answer.

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

Page 7 of 15

Q6.

(a)

(i)

Gravitational field strength = 10 N/kg

Use the equation in the box to calculate the weight of the toy.

Show clearly how you work out your answer and give the unit.

..........................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................

Weight = .................................................

(3)

(ii)

Complete the following sentence by drawing a ring around the correct line in the box.

When the toy is hovering stationary in mid-air, the lift force is

bigger than

the same as

smaller than

(1)

(b)

When the motor inside the toy is switched off, the toy starts to accelerate downwards.

(i)

..........................................................................................................................

(1)

(ii)

..........................................................................................................................

(1)

Page 8 of 15

(iii)

Does the momentum of the toy increase, decrease or stay the same?

..........................................................................................................................

Give a reason for your answer.

..........................................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 8 marks)

Q7.

The distance time graph shows how far the bus travelled along the high street and how long it

took.

(a)

How can you tell this from the graph?

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

(1)

Page 9 of 15

(b)

Between which two points was the bus travelling the fastest?

Put a tick ( ) in the box next to your answer.

Points

AB

BC

CD

(1)

(c)

This is marked as point B on the graph.

(i)

What is the distance between point A on the graph and the bus stop?

Distance .............................. metres

(1)

(ii)

Show clearly how you work out your answer.

...........................................................................................................................

Time = .............................. seconds

(2)

(d)

The cyclist started at the same time as the bus and completed the journey in 200

seconds. The cyclist travelled the whole distance at a constant speed.

(i)

(2)

(ii)

After how many seconds did the cyclist overtake the bus?

The cyclist overtook the bus after .............................. seconds.

(1)

(Total 8 marks)

Page 10 of 15

Q8.

The graphs in List A show how the velocities of three vehicles change with time.

The statements in List B describe different motions.

Draw one line from each graph in List A to the description of the motion represented by that

graph in List B.

List A

Velocitytime graphs

List B

Descriptions of motion

(Total 3 marks)

Q9.

(a) The diagram shows the horizontal forces acting on a car travelling along a straight

road.

Page 11 of 15

(i)

Show clearly how you work out your answer.

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

Resultant force = ............................................. N

(2)

(ii)

Describe the motion of the car when the forces shown in the diagram act on it.

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

(2)

(b)

The chart shows the thinking distance and the braking distance needed to stop the car.

(i)

...............................................................................................................

Stopping distance = ..................................................... m

(1)

Page 12 of 15

(ii)

Use the graph to find the thinking distance for a car driven at 30 m/s.

Thinking distance = ........................................ m

(1)

(iii)

Give two further factors that will affect the thinking distance.

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 8 marks)

Page 13 of 15

Q10.

The graphs in List A show how the velocities of three vehicles change with time.

The statements in List B describe different motions.

Draw one line from each graph in List A to the description of the motion represented by that

graph in List B.

List A

Velocitytime graphs

List B

Descriptions of motion

(Total 3 marks)

Page 14 of 15

Page 15 of 15

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