# CLASS – 1

safety.  Structural designer . .The functional requirements and the aspect of aesthetics. durability and economy of the structure for its intended use over the life span of the structure. serviceability.STAGE – 1 Introduction to Structural Design and IS Code The Design Process  Architect .

.Stages in Structural Design  Structural Planning  Estimation of Loads  Analysis of Structure  Design of Various Structural Elements  Drawing. Detailing and Preparation of schedules.

 Structural Framing Plans are developed .STRUCTURAL PLANNING  After getting an architectural plan of the building. the structural planning of the building frame is done.  Layout and planning of stair  Type of footing. This involves determination of the following:  Column Positions  Beam Locations  Spanning of slabs.

1  Live Loads – IS 875 PART .2002 .ESTIMATION OF LOADS  The various types of loads action in the structure which need consideration in building design are as follows:  Dead loads – IS 875 PART .3  Snow loads IS 875 PART – 4  Earthquake loads IS 1893 (PART 1) .2  Wind loads IS 875 PART .

ANALYSIS  Methods of Analysis  Elastic Analysis based on Elastic Theory  Limit Analysis based on Plastic Theory or Ultimate Load Theory. .

.Elastic Analysis  Classical Methods :  Method of Consistent Deformation  Slope-deflection Method  Strain Energy Method  Relaxation / Iterative Methods :  Moment Distribution Method  Kani’s Method  Matrix Methods:  Stiffness Method  Flexibility Method  Finite Element Method  Computer Methods :  Matrix Method  Finite Element Method  Finite Difference Method.

.Limit Analysis  It is an analysis dealing with the study of strength and behavior of members and structure at collapse.

STEEL ADAPT – PT ADAPT – BUILDER NISA ANSYS PROCON . E-TABS SAFE SAP STRUDS RAM .SOFTWARES            STAAD PRO.

Detailing and Preparation of schedules .MANUAL DESIGN METHODS  Design of Various Structural Elements: From Fundamentals.  Drawing. Excel Design Sheets.

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