Ancient Egypt

Internet Lesson Plan Grade level: 4-6 Teacher Activities

Goal: To use Internet resources to explore interesting topics related to ancient Egypt. Objectives: At the end of the unit, the participant will be able to: • Locate the following on a world map: Africa, Egypt, Egypt's bordering countries and large bodies of water near Egypt. • Discuss the role of an Egyptian pharaoh. • Describe what ancient Egyptians ate and wore. • Compare and contrast ancient Egypt and current day Egypt. • Discuss the important roles the Nile River played in ancient Egypt. • List Egypt's natural borders. • Discuss why the Nile was important to trade. • Discuss flooding and how it affected farming in ancient Egypt. • Describe the silting process. • Define hieroglyphics. • Write his/her name in hieroglyphics. • State the importance of the Rosetta Stone. • Define mummy. • Identify who was mummified in ancient Egypt. • Describe the mummification process. • State why pyramids were built and what their purposes were. • Identify and describe the three different kinds of pyramids. • Name a pyramid in Egypt. • Design an interior plan of a pyramid.

IBM Corporation

Page 1

advanced. bookmarks can and should be used. dress up like an ancient Egyptian. Measure various objects using your forearm. These activities are designed to be interdisciplinary in order for students to discover connections between all subject areas. • The ancient Egyptians used their forearm as a unit of measurement. Find out more about their gods and goddesses at "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Ancient Egyptian Gods" at http://tqjunior. specifically the World Wide Web. • The ancient Egyptians were the first to have cats as pets. IBM Corporation Page 2 . Pretend you are an ancient Egyptian. Instructional Strategy: Students should work in pairs or small groups and use the Internet stations to locate information pertinent to the topics. Prerequisite: An introduction to the Internet. • Using items around your house. • Religion was an important part of life for ancient Egyptians. Egypt's bordering countries and large bodies of water near Egypt. If students do not have an extended period of time to complete their research. How could this be a problem? • Pretend you live in ancient Egypt. on obtaining information using specific addresses as well as how to use a web browser. Other Projects: Projects that can be coordinated with this Internet activity are: Activity #1: Life in Ancient Egypt • Find the following on a world map: Africa. giving assistance with advanced vocabulary on Internet sites. Be sure to give it a name. Illustrate it.Duration: Two to three weeks. Write a story about your pet cat. Students should also be familiar with the concept of "hypertext" so that they can do research at several levels. These activities provide an opportunity for older students with Internet experience to serve as mentors or tutors for the younger student groups. Egypt. with ½ to 1 hour online time each day.html. Illustrate with markers. Students can keep research information on ancient Egypt in folders and should be encouraged to do additional reading and research both on-line and off-line. They can also print out pages necessary to complete off-line Write about your life.

Be sure to click on all the links. Rosetta Stone.html. Activity #2: The Nile River • Find the Nile River on a world map. Include: hieroglyphics. • Play "Who Am I?" at "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Who Am I?" at http://tqjunior. Go to "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Archaeologist's Challenge" at http://www. Compare the time of your classroom clock with that of the shadow stick. hunting. loaves of bread. Include words like Nile River. • Teacher: Egyptians used a shadow stick to measure time by the hour. Number each finger one to ten. scribes.html.advanced. as the ancient Egyptians did using jugs of beer. gods and temple. They ate fish from the Nile. archaeologist. amulet. Allow students work together to make multiples of ten. Let each student make prints of his/her hands. but meat was a special • Teacher: Discuss what ancient Egyptians ate (mainly bread. mummy and pyramid. cartouche. animals and mummies. houses. Dowling's Virtual Classroom: Ancient Egypt: Cleopatra" at http://www. • Teacher: Discuss the use of the Egyptian calendar. and sacks of grain. pharaohs. pharaoh.mrdowling. using the measurement of your choice. hieroglyphics. Do a role play using students about how Egypt was run politically. craftsmen. • Teacher: Create a vocabulary bulletin board on ancient Egypt. beer and onions). create a mural of an ancient Egyptian community. • Teacher: Discuss and demonstrate bartering. Figure out the answers to some fun questions involving archaeology. building of pyramids. They grew vegetables and fruits.• Most of the information we have on ancient Egyptian life has been given to us by archaeologists." • Find out more about the famous Cleopatra at "Mr. farming. gods and goddesses. the Nile River. • Teacher: As a class. people. Check yourself by clicking on "Answers. Where does it begin? Into what body of water does it flow? • The Nile is the longest river in the world.html. As a class. Compare it to our calendar. make a shadow stick. Arrange the words in the shape of a pyramid. farming along the Nile. • Teacher: Egyptians counted on their ten fingers and developed our base-ten counting system. Research the life of King Tut. the Sphinx. Make a scale. • Teacher: Teach about the government in ancient Egypt. papyrus.seaworld. floods. Draw its length on a piece of butcher IBM Corporation Page 3 .

• If you were pharaoh. • Make your own mask of a pharaoh. Put it in a hot. Follow the directions to complete the activity at this site. What happens? How is this like the plants in ancient Egypt? • Plant a seed in sand. Fill inner pan with water until it overflows into outer pan. place a small pan inside a larger pan. • Plant a seed in rich soil. Put it in a warm.geocities. as ancient Egyptians did in their art.html.htm. • Draw a scene of ancient Egyptian life only using the profiles of objects in your picture. • Teacher: Discuss the important roles the Nile River had in ancient Egypt. • Create several simple math equations using hieroglyphs. Click on all the links. • A cartouche is your Egyptian nameplate. Create a picture of you in a boat floating down the Nile in ancient Egypt using Give them to a friend to solve. • Teacher: Discuss how farming civilized the ancient Egyptians.html.demon. IBM Corporation Page 4 .seaworld. Make your own cartouche. • Teacher: Discuss flooding and how it affected the farming in ancient dry sunny place. • View pictures of the Rosetta Stone by visiting "The Rosetta Stone" at http://www. • Write a short story using hieroglyphs. Activity #3: Hieroglyphics and Art • Make a small scale Egyptian city using modeling clay. How does this compare to the seed you planted in the rich soil? • See see what happens in a flood. Make a chart showing the Egyptian symbols for numbers. follow the directions at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Build a Pharaoh" at http://www. • Teacher: Discuss how the weather and climate of ancient Egypt affected people's daily lives and work.• Go to "SeaWorld: Secrets of the Nile" at http://www. What happens? This is like it was to farm in the • Read more about the Nile River at "Journey to Ancient Egypt: Journey Down the Nile River" at http://www. Discuss its flooding and the silt on its banks for ten miles on each side. Read the facts about the Nile River and print out the map of Egypt. what would you have had written on the Rosetta Stone? Write your own • See an ancient Egyptian boat that traveled the Nile River by going to "Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt: The Carnegie Boat" at http://www.clemusart. Keep it watered.

markers and a stapler. the white crown and the double crown. • Create a sarcophagus using a shoebox. Write your story. Make and decorate them using poster board. • Writing and More: Telling About a Character's Actions Students can choose to write about what the pharaoh did. patterns. IBM Corporation Page 5 . Make paper as a class. • Create paper mache mummies using crushed newspaper. They can also write about what archaeologists do. • Form your own Sphinx out of modeling clay. Have the other team argue why slavery was unnecessary to build the pyramids. • Teacher: Discuss and show how ancient Egyptians used symmetry. • Teacher: Discuss the riddle of the Sphinx. paper mache paste and trinkets to wrap in the mummies. scissors. • Teacher: Divide the class into two groups. • Teacher: Discuss the history of the three crowns of ancient Egypt: the red crown. • Wrap a small doll or animal with gauze like a mummy. They can also study and write about archaeologists. Software Connections: • Writing and More: Observing People. • Visit a museum to see mummies and the items found in their tombs and pyramids. • Teacher: Talk about and illustrate how the ancient Egyptians showed movement of body parts by segmenting limbs. and Things Students can study and write about ancient Egypt and the people and animals that lived there. Have students create their own riddles. Let students draw their own pictures using this method. masking tape. Use newspaper. • Teacher: Teach and display geometric solids. Activity #4: Mummies • Write a story about the journey a person takes after he or she is mummified. • Teacher: Teach about the role of craftsmen in ancient Egypt. Have one team argue why slavery was necessary to complete the pyramids.• Teacher: Discuss papyrus reed and how the ancient Egyptians used it to make paper. • Pretend you are a newspaper reporter at an excavation sight of a pyramid. Activity #5: Pyramids • Make a pyramid using blocks or sugar cubes. Places. points and lines in their art. • How do you think the ancient Egyptians built those giant pyramids without any machinery? Write about your ideas. • Make a chart of the mummification process.

paper crayons. markers. trinkets shoebox small doll or animal. government. paper mache paste. bean seeds. markers.• Writing and More: Reporting an Event Students can act as reporters witnessing an excavation of a pyramid. colored pencils plain white paper soil. gauze blocks. clear jar with lid poster board Other activities: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • pencil. stapler. • Writing and More: Describing an Event Students can describe the mummification process. Materials Needed by Teacher: Internet activities: • • • • • • 2-pocket folders pencil. cities. masking tape. water. inventions. small pan. scissors. geography and math. paper crayons. water water. markers modeling clay newspaper. colored pencils construction paper scissors world map items to dress like ancient Egyptians sticks watercolors butcher paper tempera paint potting soil. larger pan poster board. Only a few have been chosen for this unit. sugar cubes Teacher Notes: The culture of ancient Egypt provides students with a vast amount of interesting topics to study. IBM Corporation Page 6 . daily life. Other areas a teacher might want to include in a more in-depth study of ancient Egypt include: archaeology. cups.

Petersburg Times. ü What did they eat? ü What did ancient Egyptians wear? 4. Click on "Next" to view all the images.Ancient Egypt Student Activities Activity #1: Life in Ancient Egypt 1.html. Just what do you already know about ancient Egypt? Find out by taking a quiz at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Kid Quiz" at Complete the crossword puzzle about ancient Egypt at "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Crossword Clues" at http://www.memst.1EgyptOld. Write about your favorite sight.html.sptimes. IBM Corporation Page 7 . Petersburg Times. ü How are the pictures of Egypt the same? ü What is different between the old and current pictures? Egypt Old" at http://www.html.seaworld. Visit at least five sights. If you do not know all the answers yet. 3. fill them in as you progress through this unit. Now see pictures of what Egypt looks like today at " Egypt Today" at http://www.2EgyptToday.clemusart. How did you do? 2. Take a tour of various sights in Sketch it with colored Go to "Color Tour of Egypt" at Click on "Next" to view all the images. Learn more about daily life in ancient Egypt at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Daily Life" at http://www. See several photographs from structures from ancient Egypt at "

memst. go to "Color Tour of Egypt: Luxor: View of Nile" at http://www.mrdowling.clpgh. Activity #2: The Nile River 1. Dowling's Virtual Classroom: Ancient Egypt: The Pharaoh" at http://www.html.html. Choose one memorable pharaoh. See how the silting process works. date palm trees.htm. The desert and mountains are seldom out of view from the Nile. Bonus activity: Read about the Nile's flooding at "Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt: The Inundation" at http://www.html. But the area surrounding the Nile River is fertile and rich. 3. Put its top on and shake it. 7. and donkey in the Why was he/she important? Write about him/ What are they? Notice the sugar cane fields. Dowling's Virtual Classroom: Ancient Egypt: The Nile River" at http://www.mrdowling. What happens? IBM Corporation Page 8 .html. ü ü ü ü What is the most important geographical feature in Egypt? What was the main method of travel in ancient Egypt? Why was the Nile important to what the ancient Egyptians ate? What is the flood plain? 4.advanced.6. Why was the Nile important to trade? 5. ü Why is it so special? ü Read about Egypt's natural borders at this site also. Most of Egypt is a dry Find the answers to the following questions at "Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt: The Natural World" at http://www. farmer. Go to "Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt: Trade" at What is so special about the Nile? Find out at "Mr.clpgh. Bonus activity: Print out and complete a word search using ancient Egyptian words at "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Word Search" at http://tqjunior.html. Combine soil and water in a clear jar. Who were the pharaohs? And what made them so special? Find out at "Mr. To see a current day picture of the

Carlos Museum: Ancient Egyptian Art" at In fact.html.mrdowling. Learn about the Rosetta Stone and why it is so important in what we know about hieroglyphics.Activity #3: Hieroglyphics and Art What is one of the first things you learned when you started to read? Letters. The art produced by ancient Egyptians tells a lot about their lives and beliefs. Find out more about the Rosetta Stone and hieroglyphics at "Mr. called hieroglyphs. only a few were taught how to use hieroglyphs.advanced. Using the chart. IBM Corporation Page 9 .com/rom/egypt/egypt. like why people were mummified and how the mummification process was done by going to "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Mummies" at Dowling's Virtual Classroom: Ancient Egypt: The Rosetta Stone" at http://www. Go to "Michael C. right? Well.html. ü Why is it important? ü Scroll down to "Hieroglyphics. You can even e-mail it to your friend.html.advanced." Read about what they were.html#B. 5. ancient Egyptians used pictures as letters. Go to "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Hieroglyphics" at ü Describe what you saw. Who was Jean Champollion? Why was he important? Read more about Champollion at "Old News: Young Scholar Attempts to Decipher Hieroglyphs of Ancient Egypt" at ü Scroll down to look at all of the pieces shown at this site. 6. 3. Activity #4: Mummies 1. 2. Not everyone in ancient Egypt learned to read and ü Double click on five of them to get a closer view. 4. Learn how to write your name in hieroglyphics by visiting the Web site "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Hieroglyphics" at http://www. They had to learn more than 700 signs for letters and words! 1.compuserve. write your name using hieroglyphics. Bonus activity: Go to "Mental Mayhem: The Hieroglyph Translator" at http://www2. They were called scribes. Just exactly what is a mummy? Find that out and more.htm. Create a brief bibliography about him. Follow the directions to send a hieroglyphic note to a friend.

Find the answers to the following questions at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Ask the Mummy" at http://www. 4. Visit these three sites to discover more information on pyramids: ü "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Pyramid Power" at http://seaworld.html ü "Journey to Ancient Egypt: The Great Pyramids of Egypt" at ü "Welcome to Ancient Egypt: The Egyptian Pyramids" at http://www. Learn about the pyramids of ancient Egypt at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Pyramids" at http://www.html. Bonus activity: Complete the "Mummy Maze" at "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Mummy Maze" at Find the answers to these questions at "ThinkQuest: Ancient Egypt: Pyramids" at http://tqjunior. 5.seaworld. 3.html#pyramids.advanced. ü What happened to the early Egyptian graves? ü What did they build to prevent this? ü What did the ancient Egyptians begin building after the mastabas?" Activity #5: Pyramids IBM Corporation Page 10 . Did you know the ancient Egyptians mummified animals also? Unscramble the words to find out what animals they mummified at "SeaWorld: Egypt Fun Guide: Mummimals" at http://www.clemusart. ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü Where were the pharaohs buried? What happened to the royal mummies? What is "the mummy's curse?" Why do we excavate? Did Americans excavate in Egypt? How can we identify the pharaohs? Who were the artists? Where did the artists obtain their materials? Did the ancient Egyptians worship animals? Create your own "Mummy Maze.2.clemusart. Read more about mummies at "The Cleveland Museum of Art: Rosetta Stone: Mummies and Mummification" at http://www.seaworld.

co. Visit the pyramids by clicking on the following sites: ü The Sphinx at "Nova Online Adventure: Pyramids: The Sphinx" at IBM Corporation Page 11 . Design your own interior of a pyramid.upenn.pbs.pbs. Follow the directions. Write three facts about pyramids.html ü Khafre's Pyramids at "Nova Online Adventure: Pyramids: Khafre's Inside Story" at http://www. Then answer the following questions: ü ü ü ü Which took the longest to build? Which pyramid is the largest? Which one is your favorite? Which one is the oldest? 8.html ü Menkaure's Pyramids at "Nova Online Adventure: Pyramids: Menkaure's Inside Story" at http://www. draw.pbs. To see how the Zoser pyramid was organized Study the three different kinds of label and color the three different kinds of pyramids. Bonus activity: Get a view from the top of Khufu's Pyramid without flying to Egypt or climbing a single go to "The Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser" at http://ccat.html ü Khufu's Pyramids at "Nova Online Adventure: Pyramids: Khufu's Inside Story" at http://www. On a piece of poster board. Click on the white arrows to follow links that show more about each part of the 9. Drag your mouse over the map for pictures and information on different pyramids. Go to "Nova Online Adventure: Pyramids: View from the Top" at http://www. Go to "Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt: Pyramids and Temples Menu" at http://eyelid.html 7.4.htm.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful