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# Tutorial AC Machines-1

A 415 V, 50 Hz, 2-pole, 2750 rpm, delta-connected squirrel-cage induction motor has the following
parameters referred to the stator:
R1 = 1.5 , R2 = 0.5 , X1 = j6 and XM = j120
The full-load rotor copper loss of the motor is given as 200 W. The motor is use to drive a fan load.
The motor speed is controlled by stator voltage control and runs at rated speed at rated voltage.
Determine:
(ii) The maximum torque developed and its slip at which it is occurred
(iii) The terminal voltage when the motor is running at 2000 rpm
(iv) The Starting current at nominal input voltage

A:

rpm 3000
2
50 120
=

=
sync
n

083 . 0
3000
2750 3000
=

= s

sync sync
/ 16 . 314
60
2
= =
t
e

Nm
s
losses copper rotor P
P
AG
2400
083 . 0
200
) (
= =

=

Nm
P
syn
AG
ind
64 . 7 = =
e
t

(ii) The maximum torque developed and its slip at which it is occurred

Delta start conversion on Z
1
:

2 5 . 0
3
6 5 . 1
, 1
j
j
Z
r
+ =
+
=
V V 6 . 239
3
415
1
= =

V V x
j
j
V
TH
0
23 . 0 235 6 . 239
122 5 . 0
120
Z =
+
=

969 . 1 48 . 0
122 5 . 0
) 2 5 . 0 ( 120
j
j
j x j
Z
TH
+ =
+
+
=

| |
Nm
X x
x x
ind
64 . 7
) 969 . 1 ( ) 083 . 0 / 5 . 0 48 . 0 ( 16 . 314
083 . 0 / 5 . 0 235 3
2 '
2
2
2
=
+ + +
= t

O = 36 . 17
'
2
X

| |
Nm
x x
x
3 . 13
) 36 . 17 969 . 1 ( 48 . 0 48 . 0 16 . 314 2
235 3
2 2
2
max
=
+ + +
= t

026 . 0
) 36 . 17 969 . 1 ( 48 . 0
5 . 0
2 2
max
=
+ +
= s

(iii) The terminal voltage when the motor is running at 2000 rpm
Nm
new
04 . 4
2750
2000
64 . 7
2
= |
.
|

\
|
= t

33 . 0
3000
2000 3000
=

=
new
s

| |
2 2
2
) 36 . 17 969 . 1 ( ) 33 . 0 / 5 . 0 48 . 0 ( 16 . 314
33 . 0 / 5 . 0 3
04 . 4
+ + +
=
x
x xV
TH

V V
TH
324 =

V xV
j
j
V
TH
329
120
122 5 . 0
1
=
+
=

(iv) The starting current at nominal input voltage:
At starting the rotor speed is 0, hence slip = 1
I starting = 86 ampere

Tutorial AC Machines-2
A PWM type inverter drive for a 3-phase, 2-pole induction motor rated for 25 HP, 415
V, 50 Hz supplies an output current of 10 A rms line current at 0.80 power factor at
200 V, 25 Hz.

(a) If the inverter is 85 percent efficient under this condition, find the DC link mean
current when the inverter is supplied from a 440 V, 3-phase supply.
(b) If the motor efficiency is 80 percent and its slip speed is 50 rpm, determine the
torque provided by the motor to the load. (7.18Nm)

A:

(i) If the inverter is 85 percent efficient under this condition, find the DC link mean current
when the inverter is supplied from a 440 V, 3-phase supply.

The power supplied to the motor,
W 28 . 2771 8 . 0 10 200 3
) (
= =
in m
P

The DC power,
W 33 . 3260
85 . 0
28 . 2771
= =
DC
P

The DC voltage,
V 594 440 35 . 1 35 . 1 = = =
S DC
V V