THE PRODUCTION OF OLEOCHEMICALS

Used in :
Soap & detergents Chemical synthesis Food & Feed additives Cosmetics Pharmaceuticals Vegetable oils : palm, coconut, rapeseed, sunflower, etc. Paints Textile products Polymer additives Rubber additives Oleochemical plant Paper additives Agrochemicals Fuel additives Lubricants Animal fats and oils Offshore chemicals

5% 398 87 15 5% > 7% > 20% .MARKET FOR OLEOCHEMICALS IN EUROPE (000 / tons) 1990 Fatty acids Fatty alcohols Fatty esters Lube esters Solvent replacers 183 30 1000 2000 1200 (680) 312 61 6 2005 1355 Av. growth 2.

he tircCh astic Lu Fo Lumi Fo emic br od briccaal od & als ic & ntss& Fee an Fe g r d ts e ea & gr d C ses an e C as dl he e e C mic s Res s an al al C dl syn e he es the si m s ica Res l s ale yn th es is MARKET PER APPLICATION 1999 (APAG) 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 .Pr ot ec Li tive qu id coa t & ba P ings r srot oe D Liq active et ui ps co Pe erg d & atin en bar gs R rs ub o ts so be nal Dete aps P r & R ca e rge r Ty ubb resona nts re er & l ca po Ty re Pa r pe PlPa l. e pol p r C as e Pl .

ESTER SALES 70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 .

We are not aware of the assumptions made to reach them.5 Mo tons in the consumption of European oils within 2005. The global result is an increase of about 0.2005 These figures were communicated by Henkel to Onidol.Sylvain Claude Onidol . 5) . 6 nr. Source: Oléagineux Corps gras Lipides (vol.THE HENKEL PROSPECT .

92 31.86 50.1997 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 23.65 19.09 36.21 61.75 83.92 46.78 40.75 FEED & FOOD 100 100 COSMETIC .68 400.ESTERS MARKET PER APPLICATION 276.2005 LUBES OIL FIELD SOLVENT POLYMER ADDITIVES TEXTILE INDUSTRIALS 86.9 22.4 34.000 T .5 52.000 T .9 23.

OLEOCHEMICALS : KEY ADVANTAGES High efficiency Tailor Made Chemistry Renewable ressources Biodegradability Non-toxic % biodegradability (CECL 33-A-93) 100 80 60 40 20 0 1 2 Weeks EFFICIENCY + ECOLOGY Rapeseed oil Radialube and Radia Mineral oil. neutral White oil 3 .

LUBRICANTS AND LUBRICANT ADDITIVES • • • • • • • LUBRICANT Reduces Friction Removes Heat Keeps Contaminants Under Control Improves Sealing of System Reduces Rust and Corrosion Transmits Energy FATTY ESTER Viscosity Chain length Degree of Saturation Polarity Alcohol type Chain type Important Characteristics for Ester Lubricants High Lubricity Oxidation Stability Hydrolysis Stability Volatility Vl .

000 km .HEAVY DUTY OIL • Low viscosity 5W 30 • Fuel consumption -3% • Approval: Mercedes Man Renault DAF • Field test: 2 Mio km • Oil change interval: 80.

Greas. Comp. detergency • High shear stability • Water wash-out resistency X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X . oxidation and hydrolytic stability • High Viscosity Index and good low t° flow behaviour • Good solvency. • Biodegradability • Lower skin irritation • Reduced respiratory diseases • Reduced friction and related wear • Reduced volatility and flammability • Higher thermal.PERFORMANCES OF OLEOCHEMICAL ESTERS BASED LUBS Hydr.

0 0.120 F F. 21.2 3. R sentence 11 11.5 2. 23/25 11 45. 65 11. 38 65 65 65 65 10.5 Flash > 180° C < -55° C < -60° C 10° C -20° C -11° C 5° C 25° C 45° C 77° C 102° C > 60° C 42° C 16 Arom. 430 220 92 77 76 22 5 2.5 2.4 tr. 20. 0 100 99. 48/23/24/25 11. 48/20.COMPARISON OF EBS WITH HYDROCARBONS Radia esters Pentane Hexane Methanol Cyclohexane Benzene Toluene Xylene Finalan 40 Finalan 75 Finalan 100 Kerosene White Spirit Vap.3 0.8 99. 11. T F F. P.5 3. 20 10. negl. Symbols 40 . Xn F.65 105 97 31 29 30 37 36 Kauri Bu. T F. Xn Xn Xn Xn Xn Xn Xn .

ADVANTAGES OF FATTY ESTERS • Performance: high solvency tailor made physical/chemical properties • Storage & handling: low volatility high flash point • Health: no OPS (Organo Psycho Syndrome) LD50 > 2.000 mg/kg no bioaccumulation • Environment: biodegradable no POCP (Photochemical Ozone Creating Potential) .

OLEOCHEMICALS PRODUCT FOR OIL DRILLING MUD pump new mud cuttings Cuttings retrieval Fluids loss control Shale stability Pressure control Lubrication Solids control .

BASE FLUIDS DIESEL OIL KEROSENE PARRAFINE OLEFINES ESTERS GOM / Australia GOM / Australia Norway UK Africa ZERO DISCHARGE .

THE DRIVING FORCES – Technical evolution and needs for performances – Environmental awareness – Harmless (even food) character – Incentives or regulations .

625 € min 1 kg VEG = 2 kg MIN OIL .THE RIGHT SOLUTION Oleochemistry Cost/Performance OK Biodiesel ? Brent (30 $) Rapeseedoil Out of balance 50.000 ppm of biodiesel cost / T fuel: 2.5 € high Important 1 kg VEG = 1 kg MIN OIL 250 €/T 450 €/T Glycerine market Lubricity improver in fuels Cost to enduser Government support needed Reduction of mineral oil use OK 5.000 ppm of GMO cost / T fuel: 0.

or still at present! – Resistance from the oil industry .THE BARRIERS – The habits and resistance to change – The lack of information and demonstration – The lack of technical evidence on performances – The higher purchasing price (50 to 250%) – The economical cost calculation for the user – Some bad experiences from the past.

HOW TO OVERCOME THIS BARRIERS • Special green distribution network • Farmers have to use their own products – lubricants – solvents – adjuvents for pesticides – ………… – ………… • The government must give the good example – public companies like public transport – on public construction works they must impose the use of environmental friendly products .

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