Single-Phase Full-Wave-Converter Drives

:
• • • • The armature voltage is varied by a single-phase full-wave converter, as shown in Figure 15.13a. It is a two-quadrant drive, as shown in Figure 15.13b, and is limited to applications up to 15 kW. The armature converter gives + Va or - Va, and allows operation in the first and fourth quadrants. During regeneration for reversing the direction of power flow, the back e.m.f of the motor can be reversed by reversing the field excitation.

• • •

The converter in the field circuit could be a full, or even a dual converter. The reversal of the armature or field allows operation in the second and third quadrants. The current waveforms for a highly inductive load are shown in Figure 15.13c for powering action.

V

DC

=(

)( )

)

V n= ( V =(

)

(

)

With a single phase full converter in the armature circuit, equation 4-17 gives the armature voltage as;

Va=(

)(

)

for 0 ≤

≤ ᴫ - - - - - - - (10-17)

With a single phase full converter in the field circuit, equation 4-17 gives the field voltage as;

Vf=(

)(

)

for 0 ≤

≤ ᴫ - - - - - - - (10-18) 1

The armature resistance is R a = 0. the field circuit resistance is R f = 175 Ω and the motor voltage constant is K v = 1. If the delay angle of the armature converter is 60 ° and the armature current is I a = 45 Amps. T d = ? (b). (a). => √ x 440 v => V = V s = 440 v Vm=√ xVs R f = 175 Ω R a = 0.25 Ω. ω ? (c). P. 440v.Rashid): The speed of a separately excited motor is controlled by a single phase Full-wave converter (Fig: 10-9a).4 V/A rad/s.F =? Solution: From the given data. Speed.Example 10-3(H. The inductances of the armature and field circuits are sufficient to make the armature and field currents continuous & ripple free. Determine the. The ac supply voltage to the armature and field converter is one phase.4 V/A rad/s. The viscous friction and no-load losses are negligible. T d = T L = 45 N-m = 60 ° m 2 . The field circuit is also controlled by a Full converter and the field current is set to the maximum possible value. Input power factor of the drive. Torque developed by the motor.25 Ω K v = 1. The armature current corresponding to the load demand is I a = 45 Amps. 60 Hz.

142 In this way the field current can be obtained as. so that... Pi=VaIa+VfI f => => (198.. I f= V f / R f => (396. a 198..43 w 3 .2764) => P i = 9808..82 / 1..I f => (186. Assuming lossless converter.f can be obtained as..(10-4) T d = T L = 1...26) (8913.. => Vf= The maximum field voltage (and current) is obtained for a delay angle of V f= ( ) => (2 x 622.I f ......26 x 45 Similarly the armature voltage can be obtained by equation (10-17)..15) + (895.07 – 45 x 0.(10-17) => V a= => T d = T L = 142.26) => ω= ω = 564 (c). Eg=Va–RaI => (b)..4 x 2..07 – 11.... V a= ( => ( )( )( ) ) => for 0 ≤ ( )( ≤ ) ..... Now according to equation 10-16 V f= ( )( ) for 0 ≤ ≤ .25) / 3...(a).14 x 2..4 N-m The back e...I f .....m.(10-16) = 0.I a .ω ..07 x 45) + (396..14) / 175 => If= Now the developed torque can be obtained as according to equation 10-4 T d = T L = K f .25 => E g = 186.82 v The speed of the motor can be obtained by equation 10-2 E g = K v ..25 => 198. the total input power from the supply is given by.(10-2) ω = E g /K v ...4 x 2..

F = 0.4 Finally the input power factor is obtained as.1076)} ½ => I s = 45.4) => P.06 Amps.4)/ (19826.The input current of the armature converter for a highly inductive load is shown (Fig: 10-9b) and its rms value is.06) => V I = 19826. I s a = I a = 45 Amps.F = P i / V I => (9808. 4 . (440 x 45. I sf = I f = 2. Is=(I => => {(45) 2 + (2.495 (Lagging). The effective rms supply current can be found from.26) 2} √ Similarly the input volt-ampere rating can be obtained as. P. VI=VSI => s ½ sa 2 +I sf 2 ) ½ => {(2025) + (5.26 Amps. The rms value of the input current of the field converter is.