jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

twGJ 11- trSwf 3 Vol 11, No.3 Jan, 2013

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

a':atmifqef;pk-unf EdkifiHydkif &kyfjrifoH-um;uae E+wfqufpum;ajym
(2013-01-01/RFA)
jref r mEd k i f i H o m;awG
taeeJ@ t&nftcsif; wkd;wuf
vmzk@d u 'Dru
dk a&pDEidk if &H æ
J Edik if H
ol Ek d i f i H om;awG y D y D vk y f e k d i f
ukdifEkdif ajymEkdifqkdEkdifzkd@[m t
a&;t}uD ; qk H ; jzpf w ,f v k d @ t
rsd K ;om;'D r d k u a&pD t zG J æ csKyf
OuUXa':atmifqef;pk=unf u
2013ck E S p f
ES p f o pf u l ; qk
awmif ; pum;tpD t pOf r S m
ajym=um;vkdufygw,f?
('DZifbm 27 &ufae@ u &efukef+rdKæ/ jynfolæ&ifjyifwGif usif;yonfh trsdK;om; 'Drdkua&pD
tzJ G æ csKyf & J æ ynma&;&ef y H k a iG aps;a&mif ; yJ G a wmf w G i f trsd K ;om;'D r d k u a&pD tzG J æ csKyf OuU X
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf wuf a &muf + yD ; tzG i f h t rS m pum; ajym=um;pOf ? )
pmrsuf E S m -22 od k @ æ

jrefrmhEdkifiHa&; jzpfxGef;r+tay: taumif;jrifa-umif; ukvajym

_rKdŒ-uuf
uAsm
pmrsufESm- 3 odk@æ

jref r ma&$ h a jymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f
q&mrdk; - q&maZmf
pum;0d k i f ; rS ajymqd k c suf r sm;

pmrsufESm- 5 rS 7 odk@æ

(2013-01-03(2013-01-03-RFA)
jref r mEd k i f i H t aeeJ @ oG m ;&r,f h c&D ; a0;
ao;a=umif ; / ajcvS r f ; rS m ;awG e J @ vnf ; }uH K &Ed k i f
a=umif ; / 'gayr,f h rd r d t aeeJ @ tck x d jzpf x G e f ; r_
awG t ay: taumif ; jrif a =umif ; uk v or*~
twGif;a&;rSL;csKyf befuDrGef;&Jæ jrefrmEdkifiHqdkif&m
txl;t}uH ay; rpPwm Vijay Nambir u
ajymvd k u f y gw,f ? uk v or*~ owif ; Xmeu
awGæqHkar;jref;&mrSm ajymqdkcJhwmyg? qufvuf
+yD ; jref r mh t a&; wuf = uG v _ y f & S m ;ol a wG / t&yf b uf tzG J æ tpnf ; awG u uk v o r*~ t aeeJ @
jrefrmtpdk;&tay: zdtm;awG ydk+yD;ay;apcsif=uygw,f? tckawmhtajctaeu ajymif;oGm;yg+yD?
jrefrmjynfrSm ukvor*~taeeJ@ ydkrdkaqmif &GufEdkifwJh tcef;uæ &Sdvmaeyg+yD? jrefrmjynfrSm
uk v or*~ u OD ; pm;ay;aqmif & G u f r ,f h ud p P a wG v nf ; &S d y gw,f ? 2014 ck E S p f vl O D ; a&oef ;
acgifpm&if; aumuf,la&;udpP/ a&G;aumufyGJvkyf ief;pOfudpP/ trsdK;om;vl@ tcGifhta&; aumfr
&S i f u d p P a wG r S m uk v or*~ & J æ yg0if u l n D E d k i f w J h tcef ; uæ yd k + yD ; us,f j yef @ vmae ygw,f v d k @
rpPwm Vijay Nambir u ajymygw,f?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&;
yl ; wG
J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf
rw
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?
Established
by since
August,
2005

vl x k u sef ; rma&;
(ud k , f v uf v _ y f & S m ;r_ a vh
usif h c ef ; twG u f
vrf ; avS s muf j cif ; jzif h pwif y g)

pmrsufESm- 8 odk@æ

umwGef;
pmrsuf E S m (25)od k @ æ

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

"

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

2013 ckESpf xkdif;EdkifiHjrifuGif;ESifh a&$ hajymif;tvkyform;wdk h.
ar#mfvifhcsuf tdyfrufrsm;

(,ckjyKvkyfay;aom tvkyform;vufrSwf pmtkyf)
(,ck j yKvk y f a y;aom ,m,D y wf p f y d k @ pmtk y f )
xd k i f ; tpd k ; &u ,ck 2013 ck E S p f / Zef e 0g&D v 1 &uf a e@rS p I a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;wd k @ tm; ae@pm;c (300) bwf
ay;&ef owfrSwfjyXmef;ay;xm;onf? odk@&mwGif xkdif;EdkifiH&Sd jynfe,f (c&dkifa'o) 77 ckwGif rJaqmuftygt0if wmhcfjynfe,f
(0g) wmh c f c &d k i f a'oonf vk y f t m;ctenf ; qH k ; a'ojzpf a eonf h t avsmuf Tbwf 300 pD r H c suf E S i f h tH 0 if c G i f u sjzpf y g
rnf v m; (0g) vk y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;u bwf 300 ay;ygrnf v m;qk d o nf r S m pOf p m;p&mjzpf y gonf ?
xd k i f ; tpd k ; &. rl 0 g'opf o nf rnf r #yif a umif ; aeapumrl wu,f h v uf a wG @ taumif t xnf a zmf a y;&rnf h
tvkyf&SifESifh cHpm;cGifh &Sdonfh a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;wdk@t=um;Yrl bkef;}uD;ESifh bD;/ cspfwD;ESifh uGefjrLepfyrm bmr#rywfouf
ovdk jzpfaeayonf? xdkif;wpfEdkifiHvHk;udk rqdkxm;ESifh rJaqmufa'o&Sdaeonfh wmhcfjynfe,f(wmhcfc&dkif)wGifrl tjcm;tjcm;
aom tvkyform;tcGifhta&;rsm;udkxm;OD;/ rdrdwdk@. udk,fcE<mESifh ruGmxm;&Sdtyfaom ,m,Dywfpfydk@ pmtkyfESifh tvkyf
orm;vufrSwf pmtkyfrsm;udkyif rl&if;udkodrf;xm;+yD; tvkyform;wdk@tm; rdwWLay;xm;aom tvkyf&Sifrsm;u trsm;pkjzpf
aeayao;onf ?
xd k @ tjyif pm&G u f p mwrf ; ES i f h taxmuf t xm; tck d i f t rm&S d y gvsuf E S i f h vrf ; c&D ; wpf a xmif h apmif h z rf ; =uaom
yk v d y f t rsKd ; rsKd ; wd k @ . aiG a wmif ; &rf ; r_ u d k v nf ; cH a e&qJ j zpf o nf ? Tae&mwG i f wmh c f j ynf e ,f (wmh c f c &d k i f ) uJ h o d k @ aom jref r m
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm; 4 od e f ; cef @ &S d a om jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;tif t m;pk } uD ; &S d & ma'owG i f cef @ rS e f ; ajctm;
jzifh 8 yHk 1 yHkcef@wGifom pm&Gufpmwrf; taxmuftxm; tjynfhtpHk&Sdae=uonfjzpfojzifh ykvdyftrsKd;rsKd;udk vrf;a=umif;
quf a =u; (bwf 100 bwf 200) ay;um ae@pOf o G m ;vmv_ y f & S m ;ae&qJ j zpf o nf ?
ta=umif ; a=umif ; aom ta=umif ; a=umif ; a=umif h xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H w G i f a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;tjzpf vma&muf a exd k i f
tvkyfvkyfudkifae=u&olwdk@onf 2013 ckESpf (ESpfopf)wGif atmufyg *gxmwdk@udk qufvuf&Gwfzwf=u&rnfvm; rqdkwwf
acs?
“yk v d y f a wmif ; jcif ; / &S d w m&S i f ; / uif ; &S i f ; =uygap”
“ud k , f 0 ef a qmif j im;/ atmuf ( jref r mek d i f i H ) jyef o G m ;/ rvd k v m;=uygay”
“uav;vk y f o m;/ w&m;0if t vm;/ wm;jrpf e k d i f y gap”
“rl & if ; ud k i f x m;/ rd w W L yg;/ taxmuf x m;jyef & ap”
“100 bwf 0 ef ; usif a y;/ vk y f c av;/ wk d ; ay;Ed k i f y gap”
“bwf w pf a omif ; uk e f r S / taxmuf t xm;&/ vG w f a jrmuf = uygap”
“jywf w pf v S n f h (iwf w pf v S n f h ) / tvk y f r J h / &uG J @ Oya'/ tcG i f h t a&;awG ”
“wpf a ,muf u p/ wpf & m&/ awmif ; =uygav/ tcG i f h t a&;awG ”
“bmrS r&S d w J h / taxmuf t xm;rJ h / pk z G J @ umav/ awmif ; =ua[“
“acgif ; tp/ ajctqH k ; / wpf u d k , f v H k ; / tumuG , f o H k ; zd k @ awmif ; =uav”
“tJ ' grS / a&$ @ ajymif ; b0/ [ef u sEd k i f r S m av”

æt&m&mæ
æbmqdb
æ?
*** jynforl ygæ
k mrS r_yD;ekid yf gæ
ætc&mæ
æt&m&mudk ajymif;vJeidk o
*** jynfoo
l nfomæ
f nfæ?
æ'dk w
*** cGet
f m;r#a0æ
h awGonfærvGrJ aoG/ jynfoal wGtwGuæ
f ?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (2)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

_rKdŒ-uuf

oDa&;oD&m = uAsmpmrsufEmS
rayguf a o;wh J aps;OD ;
OD ; av;0,f r S usKd ; rS m rd k @ yg?
Asmæ pydik 'f gref;,lr,fææ
a&mhæ OD;av;æ 'Dr,f
aq;av;awG jc,f x m;wmrsm;
tdrfu uav; aocsmayguf }udKufavmuf&Jæ
OD ; av;twG u f aiG i g;&mqd k w m
wu,fhawmhæ
uG r f ; pm;aq;aomuf usaysmuf o avmuf y gæ
aemhæ OD;av;æ aus;Zl;
cif A smæ
usaemf u bmvd k @ ,l & rS m vJ æ
[kwfuJhæ
[kwæ
f uJæ
h
[kwæ
f
tckvdkæ
usaemh f u d k ta&;vk y f
usaemh f t wG u f 'D r suf E S m zH k ; av;
arG ; ae@vuf a qmif v k y f
jyef a y;wJ h OD ; av;ud k
aus;Zl ; txl ; wif w ,f æ
'gayr,fhæ
vuf a qmif r suf E S m zH k ; usaemf v uf r cH c if
uwdwpfck usaemfawmif;csif&Jæ
tu,f I rsm;
'D r suf E S m zH k ; av;
usaemf rupm;jzpf a wmh y J
usaemf a&mif ; r,f h t xJ
usaemf jyef x nf h c J h & if
cG i f h j yKEd k i f r vm;
æ qdkwm
usaemf a væ
rsuf E S m zH k ; rpG w f y J
ar;csifaerdwmæ? ?

wGefwmawmif toHrnuf
tqifajyovdk tdyfwef;wuf
t&k%farhwJhiSuf?
jraoG;eD

rsufESmzHk;onf
rsufESmzHk;awGæ rsufESmzHk;awGæ
wpf c k r S i g;&mæ
pyd k i f ' gref ; ,l r vm; rpf u D ; armuf p f , l r vm;
'grSr[kwfæ
tef ; *&D ; bmh ' f v m;æ bef e D a v;vm;æ
rsuf E S m zH k ; av;om wyf x m;vd k u f
rjrif c sif w J h o l a&S m if æ
rjrif c sif a ,mif a qmif o l u d k yk e f ; æ
rsuf E S m zH k ; ud k o H k ; =unf h
b,f a vmuf t qif a jyowH k ; æ
av,mOf y sH a v;uawmh aps;enf ; enf ; }uD ; w,f æ
ES p f a xmif q d k a yr,f h
tawmif y H a v;eJ @ 0J a evd k u f w m
aps;rqpfygeJ@cifAsmææ
usaemf r S m [if ; pm;&d w f
wpf a e@uk e f ae&d y f a wmif t Ed k i f E d k i f & ,f
cifAsmæ [kwfuJhæ usaemftoufudk;ESpf
vmr,f h & S p f & uf a e@jynf h r ,f æ
arG ; ae@vm;æ
raemuf y geJ @ OD ; av;&mæ
usaemf h w ouf =um;=um;bl ; aygif æ
r&,f e J @ cif A sæ
wu, æ
usaemf a v
arG ; ae@a0;pG
ud k , f a &mif ; wJ h rsuf E S m zH k ; awmif
wpf c grS ,l r wyf & uf c J h b l ;
[dkæ pydkif'gref;æ odyfrdkufw,f
usaemf od y f } ud K uf w maygh
'gayr,fhæ
ol @ ud k tjrif h q H k ; rS m xm;ay;
usaemf h p d w f x J ajzay;&w,f ?
tef ; *&D ; bmh ' f j zpf j zpf
wpf c k a vmuf a wmh tm;ay;
'D v d k a jymvd k @
usaemf h u d k pd w f r qd k ; a=u;

jraoG ; eD

jref r mjynf o m; bavmh * f r S ae@pOf w if a om owif ;
tcsuf t vuf r sm;ud k aomif & if ; e*g;azh ( pf ) bk w f
( http:://www.thaungyinnagar.facebook))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; / e*g;aomif & if ; wG p f w m
( http:://www.nagarthaungyin.twitter))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; 0if a &muf z wf & _ e k d i f y gonf ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (3)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

ESpfopfodk@a=u;eef;pm
urB m ajr}uD ; [m id k a =uG ; &OD ; r,f w J h ?
trd j ref r majr}uD ; [mvnf ;
ES p f q ,f h w pf & mpk
'k w d , yif v H k e J @ a0;uG m cJ h & if
trd a jr}uD ; &J æ rd c if r sm;pG m [mvnf ;
ykpOf;&ifuGJwpfaumif&JæatmfnD;oHvdk
id k a =uG ; =u&OD ; r,f ?
ol i ,f c sif ; a&
rif;ajymajymaewJh 'g%f&mawGeJ@ 'dkif,m&D+rdKæjy
ES p f q ,f h w pf & mpk *vd k b ,f v d k u f a Z;&S i f ; acwf
'k w d , yif v k H ppf p pf e J @ a0;=u&awmh r S m vm;?
jynf a wmf j yef
rdk;wdrf0wf vsSufpD;awG a&$ævsSm;vif;vuf
xuf c sKef ; oH a y; ajy;xG u f o G m ;cJ h y k H r sm;
abmif ; bD v uf & S n f OD ; xk y f v uf j ywf r sm;eJ @
ajrG a wG v d k w G m ;,m;oG m ;
ncif ; a=umif a wmif va&mif a tmuf
ajc&mawG u
rd k ; apG o vd k a pG v d k @ ?
rm,mjyuQ ' d e f t vd k t &
2012 'D Z if b m21 &uf a e@[murB m ysuf r ,f w J h
arwWmw&m;awG ar$;ysHæaewJh urBmajr
urB m rysuf c J h y gbl ; ?
'gayr,f h wd k @ ('d k @ )aoG ; csif ;
ucsifwdk@('dk@)&Jæraemajr
tk y f t k y f = uG u f = uG u f arceJ @ rvd c urB m ysuf c J h & +yD ?
acwf t quf q uf
zd k ; bG m ;/ bD / bif y d k i f &d k ; &m,Of a us;r_ t arG t ES p f
ord k i f ; t&d k ; pk a wG x d k ; xd k ; axmif a xmif x aewJ h
avmuygvw&m;awG x G e f ; um;&m &cd k i f w d k @ ('d k æ )Xmae
aoG ; yif v ,f a 0 vS y wJ h b0awG a =uG c J h & +yD ?
jref r mh * k % f a qmif
txif u &omoemh t ausmf t armf
v,fwDq&mawmfbk&m;}uD;&Jæ"rRe,fajr
c&d k e D a wG v uf x J vuf y H a wmif ; awmif & if t k H u G J
tjypf r J h aus;vuf u ajrZmyif a wG e if ; ajccH c J h & +yD ?
ppf y G J a wG r +yD ; ao;wJ h
+rKdæopf}uD;xJ
acwf t quf q uf tzd E S d y f c H r sm;
emusnf ; ayguf u G J o H a wG u
awmrD ; &d k i f ; yrm
jrnf [ D ; awmuf a vmif v maeayg@?
t&d a rwW , bk & m;avmif ; vsmyG i f h v mwJ h t cg
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

aqG e d k i f

q&m0ef ESpaf ,muf

ae@pOf igærSm/ vrf;avSsmufygI
usef;rmouf&Snf/ cE<mwnfonf
&$if=unf+rJcdkif/ tvkyfvkyfEdkif.?
q&m0efESpfa,muf/ +rJapmifha&Smufodk@
ajcaxmufESpfjzm/ usKd;jyKygonf
r[maus;Zl;&Sifwdk@wum;?
rif;,ka0

pmrsufEmS (4)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

jrefrma&$ hajymif; odapa-umif;

jrefrma&$ hajymif;tvkyform;rsm;twGuf q&mrdk; = q&maZmf
pum;0dkif;rS ajymqdkcsufrsm;
q&maZmf? ? r*Fvmyg q&mrdk;a&/ 'Dae@ usaemfwdk@ pum;0dkif;rSm a&$@ajymif;tvkyf orm;
awG e J @ ywf o uf v d k @ b,f ta=um;t&mawG u d k q&mrd k ; ajymbd k @ tpD t pOf & S d y govJ A s?
q&mrd k ; ? ? tif ; æ ajym&r,f q d k & if j zif h ajymp&mawG u trsm;+yD ; aygh A sm? ajymrqH k ; aygif
awmoH k ; awmif q d k o vd k y gyJ ? owf r S w f w J h ae@pm;cr&wJ h u d p P a wG / tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f
( Workpermit)) ud p P a wG / 'D ( Passport) uvJ ES p f e k d i f i H 0 ef } uD ; csif ; em;vnf r _ v k y f xm; wmeJ @
vuf a wG @ rS m wu,f j zpf a ewm uG m [csuf a wG / 'D = um;xJ r S m rS wcg vuf r S w f r J h awG u d k z rf ; +yD ;
ae&if; Xmaejyefydk@wm/ zrf;qD;vmwJh um;ay:rSm vlawGudk ig;ydodyf/ ig;csOfodyf pD;ckdif;vdk@ touf&_
r0bJ tcsKd @ aouk e f w m/ ponf æ ponf pd w f r csrf ; ajrh p &mawG a ygh A sm?
q&maZmf ? ? 'D j yif a um q&mrd k ; wd k @ q0g'D u ef a c:wJ h tvk y f o rm;umuG , f a &;&H k ; ud k
oG m ;vmaqmif & G u f & wmawG &S d w ,f r d k @ vm;?
q&mrdk;? ? &SdwmayghAsm? xdckduf'%f&vdk@ tvkyf&Sifu avsmfa=u;ray;wmawG/ tvkyf&Sifbufu Oya'azmufysufr_
awG e J @ }uH K vmwJ h t cgawG r S m vJ q0g'D u ef u d k oG m ;a&muf w k d i f w ef ; +yD ; &H k ; awmf a y:rS m &S i f ; &wmawG v nf ; &S d w ,f ?
q&maZmf ? ? tJ o vd k & S i f ; &awmh oG m ;&wm q&mrd k ; wpf O D ; wnf ; yJ v m;? b,f o l a wG r sm;ygao;vJ ?
q&mrdk;? ? usaemfwpfOD;wnf;awmh r[kwfbl;As? tvkyform;awGbufu udk,fpm;vS,fawGygw,f? aemuf+yD;awmh
'D ( LLC)) ayghAsm? xkdif;Oya'bufu a&S@aetaxmuftuljyKXme ( Labour Law Clinic)) aygh tJ æ tJ'Du wm0ef &Sdol
awG y gw,f a ygh A sm?
q&maZmf ? ? 'gqd k & if tvk y f o rm;jy\emtm;vH k ; ud k q0g'D u ef r S m wuf + yD ; awmh ajz&S i f ; ay;wm tm;vH k ; +yD ;
ajrmuf a tmif j rif a tmif ajz&S i f ; ay;Ed k i f w ,f v d k @ ajymvd k @ &rvm; q&mrd k ; ?
q&mrd k ; ? ? 'D v d k a jymvd k @ awmh r&bl ; As? tm;vH k ; &,f a wmh r[k w f b l ; ? 'gayr,f h ta=um;t&mu wd u sck d i f v H k w ,f ?
xk d i f ; Ed k i f i H u xk w f j yef x m;wJ h a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;Oya'eJ @ ud k u f n D w ,f ? ud k , f h t vk y f o rm;awgbuf u vnf ; vd k t yf w J h
tcsuf t vuf t axmuf t xm;awG jynf h p H k w ,f q d k & if 'D v d k j y\emawG u sawmh atmif j rif + yD ; ajrmuf o G m ;wmrsm;ygw,f ?
q&maZmf ? ? aemuf w pf c k aqG ; aEG ; csif w mu a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG t wG i f ; rS m ck w avm (vwf w avmaygh A sm)
jzpf a ewJ h u d p P ((Hot item)) yl y l a EG ; aEG ; ud p P av;aygh ? tJ ' guawmh tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f ouf w rf ; uk e f q H k ; &uf u ,cif
twkdif;bJvm;? Oufwrf;xyfwdk;w,fqdkovm; [kwfovm; ponf æ ponfjzifh ar;=u/ jref;=uwmawGvJ&Sdw,f q&mrdk;?
q&maZmf? ? [kwfw,f? [kwfw,f? tvkyform;awGudk &Sif;&Sif;eJ@ vif;vif; ajym&&ifawmh t&ifowfrSwf&ufu
2012 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mv 14 &uf a e@txd a ygh A sm? 'gayr,f h ck jref r mvuf u tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; OD ; armif j rif h e J @ xd k i f ; tpd k ; &
tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; wd k @ oabmwl x m;+yD ; awmh u m t&if 2012 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mv 14 &uf a e@tpm; aemuf x yf 3 v
aemuf q k w f x m;vd k u f w ,f a ygh A sm?
q&maZmf ? ? 'gqd k & if wk d ; w,f a c:&rS m aygh a emf ?
q&mrdk;? ? rSefw,f? rSefw,f? &ufxyfwdk;vkdufwmaygh? wenf;ajym&&if/ a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;awG vufrSwfvkyfzdk@
tcsd e f & oxuf & atmif a ygh A sm?
q&maZmf? ? 'Dvdk &ufxyfwdk;ay;vkdufayr,fh q&mrdk;a& ,m,DEdkifiHul;vufrSwfaygh ( Passport)) ayghAsm? Passport
(ywf p f y d k @ ) r&S d w J h tvk y f o rm;awG u s b,f v d k tvk y f v k y f c G i f h & atmif vk y f & r,f q d k w m &S i f ; tH k ; rS j zpf r ,f A s?
q&mrd k ; ? ? &S i f ; jybd k @ vd k w maygh A sm? &S i f ; &rS m aygh ? (ywf p f y d k @ ) r&S d w J h tvk y f o rm;awG u sawmh ud k , f h w k d i f ; jynf u d k jyef
aygh A sm? jyef + yD ; awmh r S ( MOU)) vd k @ ac:wJ h ES p f e k d i f i H em;vnf r _ p mc|ef v $ m aygh / tJ v d k a c:wmaygh ? ( MOU)) eJ @ jyef v m+yD ; awmh
tvk y f v k y f & rS m aygh ?
q&maZmf ? ? bmrS taxmuf t xm;r&S d b J e J @ tvk y f v k y f a ewJ h a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG v J trsm;}uD ; &S d a o;
w,f a emf ?
q&mrdk;? ? &Sdw,f? trsm;}uD;rS trsm;}uD;vdk@ajym&r,fAs? Jrefrma&$@ajymif;tvkyform;awG xdkif;EdkifiHrSm vm+yD;awmh
tvk y f v k y f a e=uwm- 2 oef ; ausmf a vmuf & S d w ,f ? 'D a vmuf r sm;wJ h ta&twG u f x J r S m tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f ((WP))
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (5)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

&Sdwmu 2 odef;avmufbJ &Sdw,fvdk@ od&w,fqdkawmh ajym&&if 10 &mckdifE_ef; avmufbJ w&m;0ifw,fvdk@ ajymvdk@&wm
aygh A sm?
q&maZmf ? ? tvk y f v k y f c G i f h v uf r S w f r&S d b J e J @ tvk y f v k y f a e=uwJ h a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG & J @ vH k + cH K r_ u vJ
wu,f p d w f r csp&mbJ a emf ?
q&mrd k ; ? ? pd w f r csp&mtjyif a=umuf w wf w J h o l q d k & if a=umuf p &mawmif a umif ; ao;wmaygh A sm? bmjzpf v d k @ vJ
qdkawmh vkyfief;cGifrSmom Oya'eJ@ tnDppfvm;aq;vm;vkyfr,fqdk&if +idpGef;aewJh a&$@ajymif;tvkyform;awGu wyHk}uD;bJ?
xkdif;EdkifiHu xkwfjyefxm;wJh tvkyform;Oya'awGudkvJ usaemfeJ@ cifAsm; MAP a&'D,dkuae+yD;awmh tcgtcGifhoifhwkdif;
ajymay;/ a=ujimay;aewmbJ a v?
2008 ckESpf xdkif;EdkifiHu xkwfjyefxm;wJh EdkifiHjcm;om; tvkyform;Oya't&qdk&if cGifhjyKcsufr&bJ tvkyfvkyfcGifh
r&S d y gbl ; ? wu,f v d k @ ouf q d k & mu ppf a q;vd k @ awG @ &S d c J h & if Oya'csKd ; azmuf r _ t wG u f jypf ' %f u scH & ygr,f ? jypf ' %f u awmh
yk ' f r 51 t&/ axmif ' %f 5 ES p f / 'grS r [k w f '%f a iG bwf 2000 uae bwf 100000 txd uscH & ek d i f w ,f v d k @ Oya'rS m
azmf j yxm;ygw,f ? 'D O ya'ud k v nf ; usaemf w d k @ tvk y f o rm;awG od a tmif v d k @ usaemf h & J @ vpOf x k w f a 0wJ h jref r mjynf
om;pmapmif r S m ,cif u azmf j yay;cJ h + yD ; jzpf y gw,f ?
q&maZmf ? ? [k w f w ,f A s q&mrd k ; &J @ / pmapmif r S m azmf j yay;xm;ovd k / usaemf e J @ q&mrd k ; vJ avv_ d i f ; uae+yD ; awmh
tywf p Of paeae@wk d i f ; ajymjyaewmbJ ?
q&mrd k ; ? ? ajymaewmbJ vk y f y gAsm? J y aewm rygao;ygbl ; ? (&,f p &m)
q&maZmf ? ? tck w cg ta&;}uD ; wmav;wpf c k / ajymygOD ; q&mrd k ; a&? usaemf w d k @ 15/ 12/ 12 +yD ; cJ h w J h 'D Z if b mv
15 &uf paeae@u avv_dif;uxkwfv$ifhwJh toHawG=um;ae&wJh tpDtpOfxJrSm rJaqmufa'o wmhcfc&dkifayghAsm? tJ'DrSm
tvk y f v k y f a ewJ h usaemf w d k @ &J @ a&$ @ ajymif ; nD t ud k armif E S r awG v J ae@pm;c bwf (300) &awmh r,f v d k @ ygao;w,f A s?
q&mrdk;? ? odyf[kwfwmayghAsm? 'Dvqef;/ 'Dvqef;qdkwmu ESpfopfaygh 2013 ckESpf ESpfopf&J@ tpqHk; Zefe0g&Dvqef;
1 &uf a e@u p+yD ; awmh rJ a qmuf a 'orS m tvk y f v k y f a e=uwJ h a &$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG v J ae@pm;c bwf (300) &r,f v d k @
xdkif;tvkyform;0ef}uD;Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefxm;+yDav? 'gudk usaemfwdk@ owif;OD; owif;xl;taeeJ@vJ a&'D,dk ( Radio))
avv_ d i f ; uae a=ujimcJ h a o;qd k ord k @ vm;?
q&maZmf ? ? [k w f w ,f ? [k w f w ,f ? apwemaumif ; eJ @ a=ujimarif ; cwf v d k u f y gw,f v d k @ / usaemf a jymcJ h w m av;
arh a ewm? ck r S b J ay:vmawmh w ,f ?
q&mrdk;? ? [m cifAsm; ay:vmvdk@awmh r&bl;? ay:vm&ifawmh om;a&uGif;eJ@ ypfcH&rSm aocsmw,f? (&,fp&m)
q&maZmf ? ? ck a jymcsif w m wpf c k & S d a o;w,f A s? tJ ' gu tvk y f o rm;awG e J @ pum;ajymwJ h wk d u f & d k u f a v v_ d i f ;
tpD t pOf r S m ol w d k @ u q&mrd k ; ud k ar;=uwmawG ?
q&mrd k ; ? ? bmar;wmvJ ES p f v H k ; oH k ; vH k ; ar;wmvm; &S i f ; &S i f ; vk y f p rf ; ygAsm? (quf & ef )
To Know about Burmese Migrant Labours.
The voice of chat show by Saya Moe & Saya Zaw.
Zaw- Dear saya Moe, Morning Today how are you? Which
program will we discuss today chat show and what agendas have you
saya Moe?
Moe- Ok, I,ve so mueh information’s to discuss during our chat
show for example ‘stereotyped expression! About of that’s are norm
daily wages problems, passsport problems, miss understanding
between the two ministry of labours, by Burma and Thai. Sometimes the migrants who
haven’t workpemit and passport or nothing other legal documents arrested by Thai
authorities and force to send their motherland, some of unlucky labours death on the way
because of very narrow place for each another on the bus and as like as pressing paste
and packed like sardines. Oh, that’s are so sorry events for our migrants saya Zaw.
Zaw- ! Saya Moe by the way, I heard other saya Moe and participants abilities,
which are Joined to gather by Labour protection office (sawed divan).
Moe- So much says Zaw, they didn’t get compensation from their work owner when
they have got an accidents, employers broke the promise or labour law. If we get the really
in for motion we contact to labour protection office.

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (6)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

Zaw- ! Are you go there alone saya Moe?
Moe- No, not I,m alone, about three kinds of participants who, were agents of labours,
one or two of officers from LLC, (Labour Law Clinic) and other responsibilities persons.
Zaw- I say saya Moe, continuously all cases have been done at that office Once.
Moe- ! No, No says Zaw I can’t say the really because all cases are not the sane
different jobs.
I conquered the case which have complete witness, legalities, and exactly records.
That’s I got victory.
Zaw- Next I would like to discuss saya Moe that’s hot items now. Current event is
expire of workpermit large date. The target date be continue or not, which questions are
from our migrants.
Moe- ! Ok, really ok. I exactly explain that case, former the news was expire date is
th
14 Dec 2012, but just now substitution of that date and surplus 3, months which is
agreements between the two minister of labour Burma and Thai. That is lucky chance for
our migrants.
Zaw- Please explain saya
Moe.! How to continue without
legality document labour?
Moe- Ok, that’s necessary
to explain, illegal labours they
ought to return their motherland
and make complete MOU. If they
have, they can do with independence.
Zaw- Mostly of illegal labours here saya Moe. They haven’t any documents.
Moe- Good, that’s good question I say about 2 millions population of migrants are
running, moving, doing in Thailand But mostly have nothing legal documents. All of them
about two hundred thousands have workpermit. Off course ten persist.
Zaw- ! Oh, the security of their safe is un certain saya Moe.
Moe- The security of them is not only sofa and but also frighten yet. Because of the
authorities of Thai Take action, mostly of our migrants may have cases. Off course! I and
you declared on every Saturday from MAP Radio.
According to the rule of 2008 Thai ministry of Labour, If the without workpermit
labours mist be 5 years imprison and fine 2000 baths to 100000 baths really. I describe
that in my monthly Journal of the Burmese Journal.
Zaw- Ok, saya Moe, your Journal has shown that cases and you notified from Radio
weekly.
Moe- No, No only announce, not show my dear. (Ha. Ha. Ha)
Zaw- And then, saya Moe! Last 15th Dec 2012 Saturday we notified the happy mews
for labours. Good news, that’s they will get daily wages (300) baths/ one day.
Moe- Good, really good news for our migrants. The start of new year, off course the
new year is year 2013 yet. On 1st January the I Migrants of Mae Sot area may get the new
wages. So, we take declaration on MAP, FM wave, 102.5.
Zaw- Ok, saya Moe, we took declaration with full kindness! I kept forgetting, Just show
now.
Moe- Ho, Ho saya Zaw, Not show, Not show, throw by rubber ring (Hah, Hah, Hah)
Funny.
Zaw- Next, one case, it’s the questions of migrants to saya Moe.
Moe- Whats that saya Zaw, winning numbers (chafe numbers two and three arithmetic)
repeat again me, clearly…… (be continue)
Ma Har Zaw (JACBA)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (7)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

vlxkusef;rma&; (udk,fvufv+yf&Sm;r+avh usifhcef;twGuf vrf;avSsmufjcif;jzifh pwifyg)
** Public Head **
uG s Ek f y f w d k @ onf oif h w if h r S s waom ud k , f v uf v _ y f & S m ;r_ j yKvk y f & ef vd k t yf o nf h t csd e f t cgod k @ a&muf & S d a e+yD j zpf y gonf ?
,ck t cgwG i f uG s Ek f y f w d k @ onf uG i f ; jyif r sm;wG i f tvk y f u d k =um&S n f y if y ef ; pG m rvk y f = u&awmh y g? od k @ jzpf I uG s Ek f y f w d k @ onf
ud k , f u m,t&G , f t pm;ud k xd e f ; od r f ; &ef &&S d o nf h tcG i f h t vrf ; rsm;jzpf o nf h "mwf a vS u m;/ puf a vS u m;rsm; tok H ; jyK
jcif;xuf ædk;ædk;avSum;udkokH;I twuf tqif;jyKvkyfjcif;udk vuf0,fydkifydkif &,loifhvSayonf? vrf;avSsmufjcif; onf
rnfolrqdk tvG,fwul wwfajrmufaom avhusifhcef;wpfckjzpfonf? vrf;avSsmufjcif;onf aumif;aom udk,fvufv_yf&Sm;
r_ u d k &&S d a p+yD ; pd w f z d p D ; r_ a omuAsmyg'ud k xd e f ; csKyf a y;ygonf ? ajcwpf v S r f ; ud k vS r f ; wd k i f ; 0rf ; Ad k u f v _ y f & S m ;r_ j zif h touf j yif ;
jyif;æSLonfh xda&mufaom avhusifhr_udk jyKvkyfcJhvSsif ydkIaumif;aom tusKd;tmedoifudk &&SdcHpm;&ayrnf? Taqmif;yg;
onf vrf ; avS s muf avh u sif h r _ t pD t pOf t m; rnf o d k @ pwif j yKvk y f & rnf u d k a&;om;azmf j yxm;ygonf ?
tqif h r sm;
1? oif.arSsmfvifhcsufrsm;udk oifhwifhrSswpGm owfrSwfyg? ? oifonf tcsdefumv=umjrifhpGm xdkifI tvkyfvkyf&aom
ol j zpf c J h v S s if wd k a wmif ; aom tuG m ta0;&S d o nf h ae&mwpf c k o d k @ vrf ; avS s muf x G u f j cif ; ud k jyKvk y f & ef vd k t yf a yvd r h f r nf ?
&uf o wW w pf y wf w G i f ok H ; }ud r f x uf r enf ; vrf ; avS s muf x G u f & ef }ud K ;pm;=unf h y g? &uf o wW w pf y wf v S s if ck e pf & uf p vk H ; rd k i f
tenf ; i,f x uf y d k I vrf ; avS s muf j cif ; onf rsm;vG e f ; ygonf ?
2? vrf;avSsmuf&ef aumif;aomae&mwpfckudk &SmazGyg? ? oif. tdrf0ef;usifywfvnfudk t}udrfrsm;pGm vrf;avSsmuf
r_jyKvkyfEdkifygonf? odk@aomf ajrjyifonf rwf
apmufvGef;jcif;/ auGæaumufjcif;/ odk@r[kwf
oif & S m azG o nf h ajrtaetxm; r[k w f v S s if
oif b mvk y f r nf e nf ; ? vG , f u l a om tajz
tcsKdæ &Sdygonf? oifhtaejzifh teD;qkH;wGif&Sd
onfh yef;+cHwpfck/ tyef; ajzEdkif onfhae&m
wpf a e&m od k @ r[k w f wuU o d k v f / aumvd y f
ausmif ; 0if ; twG i f ; oG m ;I aqmif & G u f E d k i f y g
onf ?
3? yxrt}ud r f v rf ; avS s muf &ef
twG u f vG , f u l a om ae&mwpf c k u d k a &G ;
cs,f y g? ? oif pwif v rf ; avS s muf r nf h a e&mrS
rnf r S s uG m a0;I oif x d k a e&mod k @ tvG , f
wul v rf ; avS s muf j yef E d k i f r nf h ae&mrsKd ; jzpf
ygap? bJOykHvrf;a=umif;wpfck ay:wGif vrf;
avS s muf j cif ; ud k uD v d k r D w mwpf 0 uf t uG m
ta0;xuf rydkbJ jyKvkyfvSsif jynfhpkHygonf?
ud k , f v uf v _ y f & S m ;r_ a vh u sif h cef ; twG u f vrf ; avS s muf j cif ; jzif h pwif y g?
4? oifrnfrSs tuGmta0;xd vrf;avSsmufonfudk tmækHrpdkufygESifh? ? oiftcsdefrnfrSs=umatmif vrf;avSsmufonf
qd k o nf h t csuf o nf t"d u usygonf ? vsif j ref p G m ES i f h tcsd e f = umjrif h p G m vrf ; avS s muf E d k i f j cif ; ud k aemif w G i f oif & &S d v mrnf
jzpfayonf? vrf;avSsmufonfhtcg oif.vufrsm;udkv$JI vrf;avSsmufyg? aumif;aom ukd,fae[efxm;jzifh vrf;avSsmuf
yg? ud k , f u d k v k H ; 0rwf r wf x m;yg? oif . yck H ; rsm;ud k aemuf o d k @ ypf x m;yg(cg;rwf I &if z G i f h o nf h taetxm;)? ajcvS r f ; ud k
usJ u sJ v S r f ; yg?
5? tcsdefwpfck owfrSwfxm;yg? ? oifyxrqkH;t}udrf vrf;avSsmufonfhtcg rdepfrnfrSs=umatmif vrf;avSsmuf
rnf[k qkH;jzwfxm;yg? oifvkyfaqmifEdkifrnfhtcsdeftydkif;tjcm;wpfckudk owfrSwfa&G;cs,fyg? xdktcsdefonf rnfrSswdkawmif;
ygap/ pd w f r yl y gES i f h ? oif owf r S w f o nf h t uG m ta0;twd k i f ; a&muf o nf t xd o m ra&muf a &muf a tmif vrf ; avS s muf y g?
wpfae@wGif ig;rdepfvrf;avSsmufEdkifvSsifyif oifhtwGuf tpaumif;onf[k qdkEdkifygonf? xdkE_ef;xm;onf &ufowW wpfywf
+yD ; wpf y wf w d k ; wuf o G m ;rnf j zpf a yonf ?
6? oif . owf r S w f c sd e f u d k wd k ; jræif h y g? ? vrf ; wpf } ud r f a vS s muf w d k i f ; 10 rd e pf & &S d a tmif oif . vrf ; avS s muf c sd e f u d k
wkd;jræifhyg? wpfzef aemufwpf}udrfwGif ,cifxufydkI ravSsmufEdkifrnfudkvnf; rpdk;&drfygESifh? owfrSwfonfh &nfrSef;csufxm;
&Sd+yD; xdk&nfrSef;csufudk xdef;odrf;yg? xdktcg oifxifxm;onfxufydkI c&D;a&mufvmayvdrfhrnf? oif. pHcsdefudk &ufowW
wpfywfvSsif ig;rdepfpDwdk;jræifhaqmif&Gufyg?
7? tjrefE_ef;ESifh tcuftcJudk pGrf;aqmifyg? ? oif wpf&ufvSsif 45 rdepfvrf;avSsmufvmEdkifonfhtcg oifhtaejzifh
tcuftcJESifh tjrefE_ef;udk pGrf;aqmifvmEdkif+yDjzpfygonf? +rdKævrf;rrsm;ay:odk@ bJOykHvrf;a=umif;twdkif; vrf;avSsmufjcif;udk
prf;oyf=unfhyg? Oifhtaejzifh twuftqif;/ tedrfhtjrifhrsm;udk &ifqdkifjzwfoef;I oif.vrf;avSsmufpGrf;&nfonf tcuf
tcJ r sm;ud k ausmf v $ m ;um wd k ; wuf r _ & S d v mayrnf ?
æææææææææææææææææææææ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (8)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

8? =um;umv avhusifhr_udk prf;oyfaqmif&Gufyg? ? oif.rlvpHE_ef;rS wpfrdepf/ ESpfrdepfwdk;I vrf;avSsmuf=unfhyg?
xdk@aemuf oif. rlvpHE_ef;twdkif; ESpfrdepfjyefavSsmhI avSsmufyg? ae@pOf oifvdktyfonfh tcsdeftwdkif;a&muf onfhwdkifatmif
em;aecsdefrsm;udkyg aygif;xnfhyg? Oifhtae jzifh udk,fum,ydkif; ydkI usef;rmoefpGrf;vmaoma=umifh oif.tem;,lcsdefrsm;ug
wpf r d e pf od k @ r[k w f xd k x uf e nf ; atmif avS s mh y pf y g?

[m',ESvHk;- wc%+yHK;
*syef a&csd K ;
'k w d , urB m ppf u OD ; bd k ; v_ d i f t d r f a b; a&wG i f ; rS m
*syef w pf a,muf ae@wd k i f ; a&csd K ;w,f ? *syef a &csd K ;w,f q d k
od=uwJh twdkif; udk,f}uD;wHk;vHk;aygh? OD;bdk;v_difcifrsm tjrifr
awmfvdk@ 'Dykqdk;0wf+yD; a&csdK;vdk@ ykqdk;wpfxnfoGm;ay;w,f?
ay;wJ h t wd k i f ; trS e f w u,f yk q d k ; 0wf + yD ; a&csd K ;&S m ygw,f ?
vljrifoljrif aumif;oGm;+yD;jzpfvdk@ OD;bdk;v_dif0rf;omaew,f?
OD ; bd k ; v_ d i f w d k @ rd o m;pk t d r f a &S @ cef ; rS m vB u f & nf
=urf ; aomuf ae=upOf *syef y k q d k ; vmay;yH k
a=umifh OD;bdk;v_dif rdef;rESifh orD;rsufESm vufeJ@
tkyf+yD; “tarh”vdk@ atmf=u&wJhtjzpfu *syef
u OD;bdk;v_difta&S@ta&mufrSm aus;Zl; wifyg
w,f tbd"rRmqdk+yD; urefuwef; ykqdk; udkc|wf
ay;+yD; udk,fwHk;vHk;eJ@ 'Dtwdkif; jyefoGm; vdk@yg
bJ ?
vif e J @ r,m;trsd K ;rawmf
rJ a qmuf + rd K @u usaemf w d k @ ae@opf a usmif ; uH p rf ;
rJ a zmuf + yD ; vd k @ aemuf w pf a e@ q&mrd k ; eJ @ q&m=unf uH p rf ; rJ
aygufwJh yk*~dKvfawGqDudk udk,fwdkifudk,fus/ tdrf wdkif&ma&muf
ypPnf;awGoGm;ay;=uw,f? a&cJaowWmayguf wJh udktmum
wdk@ puf&Hkudka&mufawmh udktmumudk rawG@? jrefrmjynfudk
qif ; oG m ;w,f w J h vl & G , f w pf O D ; u usaemf ud k t mum&J @
oli,fcsif;yg? usaemfhudk ay;xm;cJhvdk@ &ygw,f wJh? q&mrdk;
u oli,fcsif;qdkwm cdkifrmr_ r&Sdayvdk@ r&bl;wJh? c%av;ae
rd e f ; rysd K wpf a ,muf x G u f v m+yD ; usr ud k t mum &J @ rd e f ; ryg?
usrud k ay;xm;cJ h y gwJ h ? q&mrd k ; eJ @ q&m=unf wpf a ,muf
rsufESm wpfa,muf=unfh vdkuf=uw,f? ay;vdkuf& aumif;r
vm;aygh? 'gayr,fh rdef;rysdKuawmh ay;r,fxif aeyHk&w,f?
qd k i f ; rqif h AH k r qif h q&m=unf a jymvd k u f w J h pum; a=umif h
tm;vH k ; [,f c ES J jzpf o G m ;=u&yH k u “vif e J @ r,m;qd k w m
trsd K ;rawmf y gbl ; / t&if ; ES D ; qH k ; ol p d r f ; awG o mjzpf w ,f ?
ay;vdk@r&bl;? t&if;teD;qHk; olpdrf;awGomjzpfw,f? ay;vdk@
r&bl ; ? ud k t mumvmrS ay;awmh r ,f ” wJ h Asmwd k @ ?

cspf o l
rJ a qmuf + rd K @ ae@opf t vuausmif ; rS m cspf o l v d k @ 4
wef ; ausmif ; om;av; wpf a ,muf & S d w ,f ? tck o pf a&muf
vmwJ h q&mav;u rif ; emrnf u tay:pD ; u ae&m,l x m;
w,f ? uav;u [k w f w ,f q &m? om;om;emrnf u ae&m
wd k i f ; rS m tay:pD ; uygyJ w J h ? 'gqd k & if ausmif ; om; ol a wG u
b,f v d k a c:=uvJ ? cspf o l v d k @ ac:=uygw,f ? q&mrawG u
aum/ “armif cspf o l ” vd k @ ac:=u ygw,f ? tay: pD ; u
vlysdKa&mufvm&if b,fvdkac:=u r,fxifvJ? udkudkcspfolvdk@
ac:=ur,fq&m? [kwfw,f 'gvJtay:pD;uyJ? vl}uD;jzpfvm
&if a um b,f v d k a c:=urvJ ? cspf o l r ajymEd k i f
awmh 'gayr,fh ab;rSm aqmhaewJh uav;r&J@
pum;a=umifh tm;vHk; [,fcESJ jzpfoGm;=u&yHk
u “O cspf o l ” vd k @ ac:=urS m aygh q &mwJ h ?
vJ r S j zL
rJaqmuf+rdK hudk (13/ 1/ 2013)ae hav;jzLwdk@
tzG J @ vmr,f q d k w m wpf + rd K h v H k ; [d k ; av; wpf
ausmf j zpf a ew,f ? vuf r S u f w pf a qmif 500 bwf q d k & if c H k &
r,f ? 350 bwf q d k & if c H k r& uav;awG u vnf ; emrnf } uD ;
av;jzLud k =unf h & rS m jzpf vd k @ aysmf a e=uw,f ? vrf ; ab;rS m
aqmh a ewJ h rd e f ; uav;i,f i,f a v;u “av;jzLqd k w m
wpf u ,f vJ r S jzLwmvm;[if =unh f c sif v d k u f w m”wJ h ?
zk e f ; a0 qd k w mom;om;ygwJ h
rJ a qmuf + rd K @u usaemf w d k @ ae@opf a usmif ; uH p rf ; rJ
zGifht+yD; aemufwpf&uf q&mrdk;eJ@ q&m =unfhwdk@ zkwfz&+rdK@
e,f 37 uDvdkrDwmrsm &SdwJh rkefvmO&Hk&J@ uHprf;rJaygufolawG
udk udk,fwdkifoGm;ydk@=uw,f? q&mrdk;wdk@ um; &yfvkdufw,f
qdk&ifbJ uav; 30 avmuf 0dkif;tHkvm=u w,f? q&mrdk;u
pdwfr&SnfwJhavoHeJ@ 'Dzufu uav;awG 'DvdkbJ um;vm&if
rkef@vma0w,fxifvdk@ t0wfawG a0r,fxifvdk@Asm? atmuf
wef;uswJh p&dkufawG/ a[haumifav;awG tm;vHk; jyef=uvdk@
toH u k e f a tmf v k d u f a wmh / uav;awG u rjyef b J a&S @ qH k ; u
xG u f v mwJ h uav;&J @ pum;a=umif h q&mrd k ; a&m usef v l
awG y gtH h = o=u&wJ h t jzpf u “q&mrd k ; &,f om;wd k @ ud k 'D v k d r
atmfvkdufygeJ@ rdkbdkif;zkef; aygufol zkef;a0 qdkwm om;om;
yg”wJ h Asmwd k @ ?

armif a usmf z d k ;

( JACBA))

WE DO, SO WE ARE (JACBA)
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (9)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

2013 twGuf }udKwifa[mudef;rsm;
2013 ESpfopfudk a&mufvmcJh+yDjzpfygw,f? 'D 2013
ESpfopfrSm jrefrmEdkifiH&Jæ tem*wfeJ@ ywfoufvdk@ euQwfaA'if
ynm&S i f a wG u b,f v d k o H k ; oyf = uygovJ ? 2013 twG i f ;
}uHKawGævm&r,fh jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;/ pD;yGm;a&;/ vlr_a&;&m tzHkzHk
eJ@ owfoufvdk@ q&m pHZm%Dbdkuawmh EdkifiHa&;rSm }uD;rm;
wJ h tajymif ; tvJ a wG Ed k i f i H w G i f ; rS m ray:ayguf v if h upm;
Ed k i f i H w umquf o G , f r _ e J @ ywf o uf w J h vrf ; a=umif ; awG r S m
yd k r d k y G i f h v if ; tm;aumif ; vmrS m jzpf w ,f v d k @ qd k y gw,f ?
Ed k i f i H a &;
Zef e 0g&D 5 &uf u ae 26 &uf
twGif;/ wcg arv 21 &ufuae ZGefv
20 &uf t wG i f ; eJ æ puf w if b mv 20
&uf u ae atmuf w d k b mv 20 &uf t
wG i f ; awG r S m tk y f c sKyf r _ y d k i f ; qd k i f & mrS m
0ef } uD ; tqif h a vmuf r S m
tajymif ;
tvJawG &SdEkdifw,fvdk@ ajymygw,f? tajccHtm;jzifh t*F eg HeJæ
ywf o uf w J h XmeawG r S m jzpf E k d i f + yD ; rl 0 g'yd k i f ; tajymif ; tvJ
wcsd K ævnf ; awG @ &Ed k i f a =umif ; ajymygw,f ? wcg Zef e 0g&D
20 &uf u p+yD ; 45 &uf w m umvtwG i f ; / {+yD 20 u ar
20 =um;eJ æ Zl v d k i f 20 uae =o*k w f 20 =um;umv 3
ckrSmawmh xl;xl;jcm;jcm; aumif;jcif;eJæ wdk;wufjcif;awGyg
wGJzuf jzpfxGef;rSm awGæ&ygw,fvdk@ qdkygw,f?
pD ; yG m ;a&;
pD ; yG m ;a&;taeeJ @ uawmh aumif ; r,f v d k @ rarS s mf v if h
a=umif ; / wl & moD r S m &m[k + *d K [f wnf & S d c sd e f r S m vrif ; u 10
'D*&D wdrf;apmif;aevdk@ vrif;u a&m[%D euQwfudk vSnf;OD;
vrif ; azmuf j cif ; qd k w J h obm0jzpf v d k @ uk e f o nf w d k @ pD ; yG m ;a&;
tm;enf ; vd k @ jynf w G i f ; vk y f i ef ; &S i f a wG vk y f a &;ud k i f a &; od y f
tqif r ajyEd k i f a =umif ; eJ æ jynf y u &if ; ES D ; jrS K yf E S H o l a wG a wmh
tusdK;tjrwf&Sdaumif;&SdEdkifwJh ta=umif;awGudk ajymygw,f?

“13” *%ef;
2013 tm;vH k ; aygif ; &if 6 AD ; eyf p f
ewforD; pk;d rk;d wJh ude;f ygææææ
2013 ckESpf[m 13 *%ef;eJæ qHk;wJh
twGuf “13
13
13” *%ef;onf taemuf
wkdif;wGif edrdwfraumif;aom *%ef;
tjzpf rS w f , l x m;=uonf ? ta&S @
wk d i f ; wG i f v nf ; “13
13
13” *%ef ; onf vmbf a umif ; avh r &S d ?
av,mOf y sH r sm;wG i f “13
13
13” eH y gwf xd k i f c H k r yg? [d k w ,f
tawmf r sm;rsm;Y “13
13
13” eH y gwf tcef ; r&S d / qd k w mav;
awGævdkæyg? 13 *%ef;udk av,mOfysHxkdifcHkawGrSm xm;avh

jynfwGif; +idrf;csrf;a&;eJæ ywfoufvdk@awmh rjrifao;a=umif;/
a&m[%Dudk wevFmeJæ xdaevdk@ tkyfcsKyfolrif;udk &JrufAdkvf
ygu rav;rcef @ jyKwwf w J h t a=umif ; / tJ ' ga=umif h trd e f @
ouf a &muf r _ tm;enf ; ed k i f a =umif ; ajymygw,f ? Ek d i f i H a &;
acgif ; aqmif a wG u +id r f ; csrf ; a&; vd k v m;ayr,f h ppf b uf q d k i f
&mawG u trd e f @ tay:rS m tav;teuf x m;csif r S xm;rS m
jzpf+yD; vufeufudkif awGbufuvnf; jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&&Jæ
*wd p um;awG u d k ,H k = unf r _ & S d c sif r S &S d E d k i f r S m jzpf a =umif ; /
yædyuQtoGif aqmifaeqJjzpfa=umif;eJæ wdkufyGJt&Sdeft0gawG
&S d a eOD ; rS m jzpf a =umif ; / 2014 Zl v d k i f 12 &uf a emuf y d k i f ; rS m
awmh aumif ; wJ h b uf u d k a&muf v mp&m &S d a =umif ; awG u d k
ajymygw,f ?
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf e J @ ywf o uf
vdk@awmh aumif;aea=umif;/ a&G;aumuf
yGJrwdkifcif 2014 avmufrSmqdk tifrwef
vif ; vuf awmuf y aewJ h t a=umif ; eJ æ
jrefrmedkifiHrSmvnf; trsdK;orD;tkyfcsKyfr_
,E W & m;buf r S m &S d a ewmud k awG @ &S d a =umif ; / 'gud k y nm&S i f
awmf a wmf r sm;rsm;vnf ; owd x m;rd w J h t a=umif ; ajymyg
w,f ?
7 &uf o m;orD ;
7 &uf o m;orD ; awG x J r S m awmh t*F g/ aom=umeJæ
Ak ' < [ l ; om;orD ; awG tm;enf ; aeqJ jzpf + yD ; usef a e@awG u
yH k r S e f / paeuawmh tm;taumif ; qH k ; jzpf w ,f v d k @ qd k y gw,f ?
obm0ab;tE W & m,f q uf v uf + yD ; 2013 xJ r S m obm0
ab;awGvnf; &SdwJhta=umif;/ vrif;u 10 'D*&Dapmif;aevdk@
'D a &twuf t usowd x m;&rS m jzpf a =umif ; eJ J @ arveJ æ
pufwifbmvawGtwGif; aveJæ ywfoufwJh obm0 tE W
&m,f/ a&eJæ ywfoufwJh obm0tE &W m,f/ aemuf+yD; ajreJæ
ywf o uf v d k @ awmh ajr}uD ; wk e f v _ y f w J h ivsif v d k obm0
tE W&m,fawGeJæ ywfoufvdk@txl;jyKowd&Sd&rSm jzpfw,fvdk@
a[majymxm;ygw,f ? ({&m0wD t if w meuf )
r&Sdqdkayr,hf av,mOfysHwdkif;rSm 13 a,mufajrmuf c&D;onf
awmh &Sdovdk 13 a,mufajrmuf wnf;cdkwJh{nhf onf vnf;
a[mf w ,f a wG r S m &S d w mygyJ ? Oy'gef a =umih f Oyg'f a &muf rS m
pd k ; ygw,f ? Ad k v f c sKyf a tmif q ef ; ud k arG ; cJ h w m azazmf 0 g&D v
13 &ufaeærSm jzpfygw,f? 13 *%ef;[m edrdwfraumif;bl;
qdk&if 13 &ufaeærSm arG;zGm;cJh olwpfa,mufu jrefrmEdkifiH
vGwfvyfa&;&atmif pGrf;aqmif ay;cJhwm rarhzdkæ vdktyfyg
w,f? 13 *%ef;eJæ ygwo
f ufvæ
kd Adv
k cf sKy&f æ
J tjrifukd olu,
kd f
wkdifa&;cJhwJh twæKywWdrSm 'Dvdka&;cJhygw,f? vlwdkif;vdkvdkyif
*%ef; 13 udk txl;wvnf a=umuf&GHæ=uavonf? trSef
pif p pf u d k o m od = uvsif r l *%ef ; 13 onf ol w d k æ xif o
avmuf ed r d w f r aumif ; onh f *%ef ; r[k w f a cs? *%ef ; 13

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (10)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

ESihf oufqdkifaom t&kyfum;udk trsdK;rsdK;tzHkzHk a&;=uqGJ=u
aomf v nf ; t+rJ w ap oabmwpf c k x J y if aqmif a vonf ?
xd k y H k w G i f v,f x J Y t&d k ; pk w pf c k o nf aumuf & d w f v suf /
4if;.ajcESihfvufrsm;onf topfayguf aom jrufawmxJrS
xd k ; axmif a e.? o&zl a qmif ; xm;onh f a,musf m ;OD ;
acgif ; wpf v H k ; onf qH y if u d k acgif ; tv,f w nh f
wnhfwGifcGJum zm;vsm;cs+yD; aemufydkif;em;wGif
ay:xG u f aeonf ? TrS s xl ; qef ; axG v m
twdwfjy/ edrdwfjy t"dy`g,f eufeJvSaomt&kyf
um;. trS e f o abmud k vS e f a vS m I od & S d e m;
vnf&ef *%ef; 13 rS 1 ESihf 3 ESpfckaygif; &aom
4 *%ef ; wpf c k w nf ; . t"d y ` g ,f u d k jyef a jymif ;
pd p pf &ayrnf ? 4 *%ef ; wpf v H k ; onf ol u d k , f w k d i f u yif
xl ; qef ; aom *%ef ; wpf v H k ; jzpf o nf ? T*%ef ; pD ; eif ; jcif ;
cH&ol vlrsm;onf txifvGJ tjrifvGJ cH&wwf.? tazmfrygyJ
wpfudk,fwnf;om ae&wwf.? rdrdwdk@tm; t+rJwap wdwf
wqd w f } ud w f I }uH p nf a om &ef o l r sm;ES i h f twd k u f t cH j yK &
wwf . ? &yf & G m ud p P / tpd k ; &ud p P w d k æ wG i f xH k ; wrf ; pOf v mud k
rS w f I acwf a jymif ; awmf v S e f w wf = uonf ? 4 *%ef ; pD e if ;
xm;ol w d k æ onf trsd K ;pH k a om vl r _ a &;jy\em rsm;/ acwf
ajymif ; jyKjyif a &; ud p P r sm;ud k aqmif = uOf ; &ef 0go emyg=u
onf ? ol w d k æ onf txuf t m%myd k i f r sm;ud k yk e f u ef

jcm;em;I orR w Ed k i f i H a wmf opf u d k v nf ; aumif ; / xD ; opf
eef ; opf rsm;ud k v nf ; aumif ; wnf a xmif p d k u f x l w wf
avonf? 13 *%ef;onf Ttxuf wef;us aom *k%fyk'f
wdkæESihf tm;vHk;jynhfpHkonf omru ydkIyif eufeJxufjruf
ay.? txuf y g ud k i f & d k . a[mpmwrf ; onf u|Ef k y f t wG u f r l
,ck x d wpf p d w f wpf a 'o rS e f o ih f o avmuf
rSefcJhacs+yD? aA'ifynmY Todkæaom rSefEdkif
onhf owWdwpfckck&Sd[efwlavonf? odkæ&mwGif
xd k a A'if . obm0ud k vH k ; 0em;vnf u m
pepf w us avmu"gwf y nm wpf & yf j zpf
atmifpka&;um xdkynmwGif yg&Sdonhf rSefuef
atmif ta[mxk w f E d k i f j cif ; qd k i f & m t"d u jzpf
aom tajccHta=umif;w&m;udk aA'ifynmvdkufpm;olwdkæ
&S m azG awG æ &S d v maomtcsd e f t cgxd apmih f q d k i f ; ae=u&ay
onfvdkæ aA'ifynmeJæ 13 *%ef;/ 4 *%ef;udk AdkvfcsKyf&Jæ
avhvmr_eJæ xifjrif,lqcsufawGyg? 'DtwGuf rvdktyfwmudk
awG;+yD; pdwfylaer,hftpm;/ rdrdvkyfoihfwmudk taumif;qHk;
vk y f a qmif o G m ;=u&if ; tjyef t vS e f ud k , f c sif ; pmpd w f a v;
rsm;eJæ rdrdwm0efodod aeæw"l0 vkyfaqmifoGm;=u&ifjzihf
vSywJh tem*gwfawG ydkifqdkifrSmygvkdæyJ qdkyg&ap?

awmf0ifESif;qDESihf olr. 0wfpHkrsm;

. tmækHukdzrf;pm;xm; EdkifcJholrSm a':atmifqef;pk=unfyif
jzpf o nf ? td E N d , acgif ; aqmif a eæl ; ay;onh f +Ad w d o S s ppf
uk w f t uæsES i h f a'gif ; eif ; vrf ; ok d @ vG e f c J h a omES p f a ygif ; 60
ausmf u Ak d v f c sKyf a tmif q ef ; a&muf & S d c J h o vk d orD ; jzpf o l u
vnf ; xk d r &rf ; aph a &mif jref r m0wf p k H j zih f a'gif ; eif ; vrf ; od k @
oG m ;a&muf v nf y wf c J h o nf ?
a':atmifqef;pk=unf. Oa&myc&D;pOfonf ESpfaygif;
rsm;pGm aysmufuG,faeaomjrefrmEkdifiH. *k%fa&mif*k%f0gukd
jyefvnfawmufyatmifpGrf;aqmifay;EkdifcJhovkd usufoa&&Sd
wih f w ,f a om jref r mh æ k d ; &m trsd K ;orD ;
0wf p k H r sm;uk d v nf ; urB m h y &d o wf E S i h f
rd w f q uf a y;cJ h o nf ?
“Oa&myu wcsdKæEkdifiHawGu jrefrm
0wf p k H u k d od y f r od = ubl ; av? tck a wmh
tef w D h a =umih f u suf o a&&S d v S w J h jref r mh
æk d ; &m0wf p k H u k d wpf u rB m vk H ; u owd x m;
rd o G m ;wmuk d *k % f , l r d w ,f ” [k emrnf & zuf & S i f ' D Z k d i f e m
wpf O D ; jzpf a om rvwf v wf uajymonf ?
olr. c&D;pOfwGif yxrqkH;wufa&muf rdef@cGef;ajym
cJh&aom urBmhtvkyform;tzGJæcsKyftpnf;ta0;wGif tpdrf;
a&mif Zmy0gES i h f v k d u f z uf a om tpd r f ; a&mif y G i h f c uf r sm; xk d ;
xm;onh f t usæjzLES i h f yef ; yG i h f t a&mif p k H r sm; xk d ; xm;aom
teuf a &mif v k H c snf E S i h f 0wf p k H / urB m ausmf a &mh c f t qk d a wmf

(a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf . 'D Zd k i f e monf a':atmif
qef ; pk = unf yif j zpf o nf )
tjzLa&mif yef ; uEk w f r sm; xk d ; xm;aom c&rf ; &if h
a&mif &ifzkH;tuæsESihf vkdufzufpGm wGJpyfxm;onhf tjzLcHc&rf;
csdwf0wfpkH/ Ekd@ESpfa&mif y0gjzLESihf wGJzuf0wfqifcJhonhf 0gndK
a&mif ' l ; em;csd w f r sm;ES i h f r&rf ; aph a &mif 0 wf p k H w k d @ onf vG e f c J h
aom&ufowWywfuorkdif;0if jzpf&yfESpfckESihftwl urBmwpf
0ef ; rS v l r sm; owd x m;rd c J h o nh f jref r m
trsd K ;orD ; 0wf p k H E S p f pk H y if j zpf o nf ?
Oa&myok d @ ES p f a ygif ; 24 ES p f = umrS
yxrqk H ; taeES i h f oG m ;a&muf a om jref r m
EkdifiH.rD;æSL;wefaqmif[k urBmhrD'D,mrsm;
wif p m;ae=uaom a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf
onf xkd0wfpkHESpfpkHxJrS c&rf;a&mif0wfpkHukd
vGefcJhaom 21 ESpfu ukd,fwkdif vufcH&,lEdkifcJhjcif; r&Sdonhf
+id r f ; csrf ; a&;Ek d b ,f q k jyef v nf v uf c H & ,l o nh f tcrf ; tem;
wGif 0wfqifcJhonf? r&rf;apha&mif 0wfpkHukdawmh orkdif;0if
ae@&uftjzpf rSwfausmuf twifcH&aom +AdwdefygvDrefwGif
rd e f @ cG e f ; ajym=um; onh f a e@wG i f Ed k @ ES p f a &mif y 0gcyf } uD ; }uD ; ES i h f
wG J z uf 0 wf q if c J h + yD ; ES p f o uf w rf ; &mcsD o nh f 0uf r if p wm
cef ; rtwG i f ; &S d ud e f ; }uD ; cef ; }uD ; Ek d i f o nh f rif ; y&d o wf 1400

Seaman Nayminthu

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (11)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (12)

bk d E d k E S i h f atmf p vk d + id r f ; csrf ; a&;zk d & rf w G i f teD a &mif vk H c snf E S i h f =unf ud k , f w d k i f j zpf o nf ? a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf aetd r f t
vli,ftenf;i,fqefaom teDa&mifyGihfpdyftuæsESihf ukwf us,f c sKyf r S vG w f a jrmuf t +yD ; 11 vcef @ =umjrih f c sd e f w G i f
tuæstwG J tpyf 0 wf p k H / qG p f Z mvef E k d i f i H j cm;a&;0ef } uD ; ES i h f oD ; oef @ awG æ qk H p Of u ol r . 0wf p k H r sm;ES i h f ywf o uf + yD ;
oGm;a&mufawGæqkHpOfu teufcHa&$tkda&mifvkHcsnfESihf a&$tkd ar;jref;cJhzl;&m olrtwGuf yifwkdifcsKyfay;ol okH;a,mufcef@
a&mify0g wGJzuf0wfpkH/ awmf0iftdrfa&Særif;om; csm;vfwkd@ &S d a =umif ; ajz=um;cJ h z l ; onf ?
pk H w G J E S i h f awG æ qk H p Of u cs,f & D a &mif 0 wf p k H w k d @ rS m a':atmif
a':atmifqef;pk=unf 0wfqifavh&Sdaom jrefrmqef
qef ; pk = unf . *k % f t &S d e f t 0gES i h f t wl Ek d i f i H w umowif ; qef&if zkH;tuæsrsm;wGif xkd;xm;avh&Sdaom yef;uEkwfrsm;ukd
pmrsufESmrsm;xufwGif vltrsm;.tmækHukd zrf;pm;ae&m,l trsm;pk owd x m;rd = urnf xif y gonf ? xk d y ef ; uEk w f t
Ed k i f c J h o nf ?
rsm;pkrSm olr.ukd,fykdifpdwful;rsm;jzpfonf? pnf;pepf}uD;ol/
“tef w D a tmuf p zk d @ 'f r S m ausmif ; wuf u wnf ; u wd u saooyf o l y D y D ol r 0wf q if a om 0wf p k H t rsm;pk u k d ol r
jrefrm0wfpkHav;awGyJ 0wfw,fqkdwm "mwfykHawGuae odcJhyg cEQmukd,fESihf csyf&yfaerSom oabmus pdwfwkdif;usol wpf
w,f? tckvkd wpfurBmvkH;u tav;xm; *k%fjyKcH&wJh acgif; a,mufjzpfa=umif;vnf; olrESihf eD;pyfolrsm;xHrS od&onf?
aqmifwpfa,mufjzpfwJh a':atmifqef;pk=unfeJ@twl jrefrm
Oa&myc&D ; pOf w G i f 0wf q if a om a':atmif q ef ;
0wf p k H a wG u k d wpf u rB m vk H ; uod v m=uwmuk d t&rf ; *k % f , l r d pk=unf. 0wfpkHrsm;ukd *ækwpkduf apmihf=unhfjzpfonhftjyif
w,f ? uk d , f w k d i f v nf ; t&if u &H z ef & H c grS o m 0wf w wf w J h xl;jcm;r_wpfckukd owdxm;rdolrSm trsdK;orD;ækyf&Sif 'gækduf
jref r m0wf p k H u k d tef w D h a =umih f tjrwf w Ek d ; eJ @ t+rJ v k d 0 wf j zpf wm=unf j zLoS s if yif j zpf o nf ?
ae+yD ’ ’[k a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf u k d tpOf t +rJ tm;ay;
“tef w D b,f E k d i f i H o G m ;oG m ; jref r m0wf p k H y J 0wf v d r h f
axmuf c H v suf & S d a om tqk d a wmf oH o m
r,f q k d w m }ud K rS e f ; q+yD ; om;yg? 'gayr,f h
0if ; u ajym=um;onf ?
'DOa&myc&D;rSm 'DrSmvkdyJ tefwDh&Jæ trSwf
jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f vl o k H ; trsm;qk H ;
onmjzpf w J h ES i f ; qD y ef ; av;awG u k d tpOf
vlr_uGef&ufpmrsufESm azhpfbGwfwGif okH;pGJ
tvmrjywf yef j zpf w m owd x m;rd w ,f ?
ol r d e f ; uav;trsm;pk r S m a':atmif q ef ;
t&rf ; vnf ; oabmusrd w ,f ” [k ol r
pk = unf . Oa&myc&D ; pOf w G i f 0wf q if a om
uk d , f w k d i f jynf y Ek d i f i H r sm;oG m ;vS s if jref r m
0wf q if o nh f 0wf p k H r sm;ta=umif ; wck w f w & ajymqk d r _ r sm; 0wfpkHukdom trsm;qkH;0wfqifavh&Sdol 'gækdufwm =unfjzL
&S d + yD ; yk H r S e f o k H ; pG J ol @ touf 26 ES p f t &G , f trsd K ;orD ; i,f oS s if u ajymonf ?
wpfOD;. azhpfbGwfcf pmrsufESmwGif “aemufwpfcg EdkifiHjcm;
Oa&myc&D ; pOf o k d @ oG m ;vm&mwG i f 0wf q if x m;aom
oG m ;&if jref r m0wf p k H y J 0wf a wmh r ,f ” [k a&;om;xm;onf 0wfpkHta&mifESihf vkdufzufaom ESif;qDyef;a&mifpkHukd yefqif
uk d a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf +Ad w d o S s ygvD r ef w G i f rd e f @ cG e f ; ajym avh & S d + yD ; a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf . pk p nf ; xm;aom qH p k a b;
t+yD; rdepfykdif;t=umwGif awGæcJh&onf?
wG i f t+rJ v k d v k d j rif a wG æ &onf r S m t0gEk a &mif E S i f ; qD y G i h f r sm;
aygif w pf & mpG e f ; pG e f ; om&S d a om cE< m uk d , f yd e f y g;yg; jzpfonf? xkd@tjyif ,Ofaus;aom vl@tzGJætpnf;ukd wefzkd;
ay:wG i f touf 67 ES p f t &G , f E S i h f vk d u f z uf a om ta&mif xm;aom EkdifiHrsm;okd@ oGm;onfESihftnD t+rJwrf;pD; aeus
rsm;ukd wGJzuf0wfqifum t+rJa=umh&Sif;pGm jrifawGæ&ojzihf ajcnæyfzdeyfrsm;tpm; ajcacsmif;rsm;ukdrjrif&onhf tjzLESihf
ol r wG i f uk d , f y k d i f 'D Z k d i f e m&S d & rnf [ k cef @ rS e f ; ajymqk d r _ r sm;&S d teuf av'DæSL;rsm;/ wpfcgwpf&H a'gufjrihfæSL;rsm;ukd 0wfqif
ovkd a':atmifqef;pk=unf. 0wfpkHrsm;ukd rnfolu wm0ef cJhonfrSmvnf; olrtm;awGæzl; aeusykHpHESihf tenf;i,fjcm;
,l c sKyf v k y f a y;aeovJ [ l o nf r S m vnf ; jref r mjynf o l r sm; em;aeonf ?
t=um; pd w f 0 if p m;aeonh f ta=umif ; t&m jzpf a eonf ?
aetd r f t us,f c sKyf r S vG w f a jrmuf v m+yD ; puwnf ;
“olæ&Jæyifwidk f 'DZidk ef mu a':atmifqef;pk=unf uk,
d w
f idk yf gy?J u olr0wfqifaom 0wfpkHrsm;ukd vltrsm; *ækjyKrdvm=u+yD;
tpf r u ol 0 wf c sif w J h 'D Z k d i f ; av;awG u k d uk d , f w k d i f p Of ; pm; jref r mrd e f ; uav;rsm; ck H r if j rwf E k d ; pG m jref r m0wf p k H r sm; 0wf
w,f? +yD;&ifcsKyfwJholukd ajymw,f? 'DZkdifemuawmh olukd,f qif v monf t xd ol r . 0wf p m;qif , if r _ r sm;u jref r m
wkdifygyJ” [k a':atmifqef;pk=unfESihf eD;pyfolwpfOD; uajym trsd K ;orD ; rsm;tay: v$ r f ; rk d ; r_ & S d o nf ? ol r . 66 ES p f a jrmuf
onf ?
arG;ae@ESihf tdEdN,0ef}uD;csKyf refrdk[efqif;ESihf awGæqkHpOfu
tar&d u ef o rR w uawmf rD & S J t k d b m;rm;. yif w k d i f 0wfqifaom yef;yGihfrsm;xdk;xm;onhf0wfpkH/ tar&duefEdkifiH
zuf&Sift}uHay;rSm e,l;a,mufrS emrnfausmf 'DZkdifem tdkif jcm;a&;0ef}uD;ESihfawGæqkHpOfu 0wfqifcJhonhf tpdrf;ykyfa&mif
u&rf*dk;'fjzpf+yD; +Adwdefawmf0ifrif;orD; 'kdif,mem. 'DZkdifem 0wf p k H paom0wf p k H r sm;u vl t rsm; owd x m;trS w f &
rS m
emrnf } uD ; 'D Z k d i f e muuf o &if ; a0gvf u mjzpf o nf ? aeonhf 0wfpkHrsm;jzpfonf? “tefwDh&Jæ 0wfpm;qif,ifr_[m
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf . 0wf p k H z ef w D ; ol r S m a':atmif q ef ; pk jref r mrd e f ; uav;awG & J æ 0wf p m;qif , if r _ r S m trsm;}uD ;
æææææææææææææææææææææ

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

ouf a &muf r _ & S d y gw,f ? 'D w pf E S p f 0 ef ; usif r S m tef w D p k 0 wf w J h
0wf p k H t wk d i f ; wpf y k H p H w nf ; csKyf a y;ygqk d w J h tyf x nf a wG
trsm;}uD; vufcH&w,f? q,fausmfoufav;awGu tpyJ”
[k 'D Z k d i f e m rvwf v wf u ajym=um;onf ?
,ae@&efukef+rdKæ. emrnfausmf AkdvfcsKyfaps;wGif aps;
0,f x G u f r nf q k d y gu jref r mh æ k d ; &mtxnf q k d i f r sm;wG i f a':pk

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

tqif tuæsprsm;/ a':atmifqef;pk=unf vkHcsnf[k trnf
ay;xm;onh f 'l ; em;csd w f v k H c snf r sm;uk d 0,f , l & &S d E k d i f y g+yD ?
at;jrausmf
(jref r mrd e f ; uav;rsm; jref r mh , Of a us;r_ 0wf p m;qif , if
r_jzihf *k%,
f el ikd =f uygapææ)

w,f ? 'D v d k e J @ ynm&S d } uD ; vrf ; avS s muf xG u f v mwJ h tcg
A Black and white horse
olwdk@u a&SævSrf;vSrf;u jrif;udkjy+yD;bmta&mif ygvJvdk@ar;
w,f ? tJ ' D t csd e f [ m enf ; enf ; av; jrif ; eJ @ vS r f ; aeao;wJ h
[d k ; a&S ; a&S ; wk e f ; u pum;ajym&mrS m tvG e f u d k ao twGuf ynm&Sd}uD;zufu tjzLyJjrifae&w,f? 'Dawmhynm&Sd
oyf u |rf ; usif w J h ynm&S d } uD ; wpf a ,muf & S d w ,f ? tJ ' D }uD;u atmufygtwdkif;ajzvdkufw,f? “at;uG,fæ 'Dzufu
ynm&Sd}uD;[m pum;ajymqdkwJhtcg trSefudkyJajymqdk avh&Sd =unf h w mawmh t jzLvd k @ xif & wmyJ u G , f “wJ h ?
w,f? wpfcgawmh vli,fESpfa,muf[m ynm&Sd}uD; ajymwJh
pum;ajymwJ h t cg
owd x m;ajymqd k z d k @
pum;ud k trS m ;jzpf a tmif v k y f r ,f v d k @ ol w d k @ }uH
t&rf ; ud k ta&;}uD ; vG e f ; ygw,f ? wpf c gwpf c g
pnf = uw,f ? tJ ' D a wmh ol w d k @ u ynm&S d } uD ;
wpfzufom;u acsmufxJusatmif tuGufqif
ajymwJ h p um;ud k trS m ;jzpf atmif v k y f z d k @ ol w d k @
xm;ayr,f h ud k , f h z uf u vd r R m yg;eyf p G m eJ @
jrif ; wpf a umif 0 ,f vd k u f = uw,f ? tJ ' D jrif ; ud k
pum;udk jyefq,fwwfzdk@vdkovdk auGæ0kdufa&Smif
wpf z uf r S m tjzLa&mif w pf z uf r S m trnf ; a&mif
uG i f ; wwf z d k @ vnf ; vd k w ,f ? vl @ b0}uD ; rS m
ok w f x m;vd k u f = uw,f ? tu,f I rsm;ynm&S d } uD ; ajymwJ h pum;ajymrwwf v d k @ }uH K &wJ h j y\emawG 'k u Q a wG t rsm;}uD ;
tjcrf ; u tjzLqd k & if o l w d k @ u r[k w f b l ; trnf ; qd k + yD ; jiif ; ygyJ ? 'D a wmh pum;ajymwJ h t cg vuf v G w f p y,f r ajymyJ
r,f a ygh tu,f I trnf ; vd k @ ajzcJ h & if v nf ; tjzLvd k @ jiif ; r,f wpf z uf o m; ajymwJ h pum;ud k a ocsmpOf ; pm;+yD ; ud k , f h z uf
qdk+yD;pOf; pm;xm;=uw,f? tJ'DtjzLwpfzuf trnf;wpfzuf uae tajctae tm;vH k ; ud k o H k ; oyf v d k @ taumif ; rG e f q H k ;
ok w f xm;wJ h j rif ; ud k ynm&S d } uD ; vmr,f h v rf ; rS m csxm;cJ h = u ajymwwf zd k @ vd k y gw,f ?
ouf w ef @ csd K

oif. t*FvdyfarG;ouU&mZfuajymaom oif.ta-umif;
oif . t*F v d y f arG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (1)*%ef ;
1 vH k ; ygol r sm;
ta&;xuf tajymydkaumif;.? olwpfyg;. tjrifudk
*ækrpdkufwwf? pum;tvGefoGuf.? TolrsdK;. pum;onf
&if x J u rvm? ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (1)*%ef ;
2 vH k ; ygol r sm;
(1) vHk;ygol. tjyKtrltm;vHk;? olwpf
yg;.tjrifudk em;vnfwwfoljzpf.? olwpfyg;.
tjyKtrl u d k twk c d k ; . Tt&nf tcsif ; onf
aumif ; jrwf a om t&nf t csif ; jzpf . ? rS s rS s ww
jyKoljzpf.? rSefrSefuefuef t&nftcsif;udk oHk;yg
u tvG e f t usd K ;&S d . ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (1)*%ef ; 3
vH k ; ygol r sm;
pum;vH k ; / pmta&;tom;oH k ; oyf r _ u|rf ; usif a om
t&nf t csif ; &S d . ? vuf c H p d w f 0 if p m;Ed k i f a tmif a&;Ed k i f . ? pm
a&;q&m/ owif ; pmq&mrsm;onf T*%ef ; &S i f r sm;jzpf = u

.? tcsKdærSm pum;ajym tvGefnHhjcif;/ rxdef;rodrf;/ wwGwf
wGwfajymwwfolrsm; awGæ&wwf.? tajccHtm;jzihf Om%f
aumif ; ol r sm;/ aysmf & $ i f p G m aewwf o l r sm;jzpf . txl ; ojzih f
rdrdESihfb0wloludkom aygif;oihf.? ? 4 vHk;txuf ækyfa&mpdwf
ygvk y f w wf j cif ; / tem;r,l w wf j cif ; / tawG ; jref q ef j cif ; /
jyKrl a qmif & G u f c suf r sm;/ jref q ef j cif ; a=umih f o l w pf y g;.
txif v G J j cif ; ud k cH & avH & S d . ? (1) ig;vH k ; twG J o nf t =urf ;
zuf r _ u d k vd k v m;.? (1) *%ef ; wG J r sm;onf
tpm;rS m ;I tqd y f j zpf w wf . ? pd w f x G u f a yguf
wpf c k & S m xm;vS s if atmif j rif w wf . ? &S m rxm;
vSsifwpfudk,faumif; qefolrsm; jzpfoGm;wwf.?
jyif y quf q H a &; nH h w wf . pd w f v d k u f rmef y gES i h f
vk y f v S s if atmif j rif w wf . ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (2) *%ef ; 1
vH k ; ygol r sm;
vlwpfa,mufudkawGævSsif xdkol. tajctaerSefudkod
atmif pOf ; pm;Ed k i f o l j zpf j cif ; / ræd k ; om;r_ u d k csuf c sif ; zrf ; Ed k i f
ol j zpf . ? cH p m;r_ j yif ; xef I orxtmæk H & &S d x m;ol r sm;

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (13)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (14)

jzpf w wf . ? pd w f u d k x d e f ; csKyf r S o mvS s if æk y f u d k r xd c d k u f E d k i f b J wwf.? vufr_ynm uGsrf;usif.? *Dw"mwfcHyg&rD&Sd.? pdwf
&S d a yvd r h f r nf ?
"mwf pd w f a umif ; &S d . ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (2)*%ef ; 2 vH k ; ygol r sm;
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (4)*%ef ; 2
tvGefjrihfaom tmækHcHpm;r_/ orxtmækHEdk;=um;r_rsm;&Sd.? vH k ; ygol r sm;
orxtmæk H o nf o l w d k @ twG u f v nf ; aumif ; / ol w pf y g;
pnf ; æk H ; od r f ; oG i f ; Ed k i f a om
t&nf t csif ; &S d . ?
twG u f v nf ; aumif ; / vG e f p G m toH k ; 0if . ? ol . tusKd ; ud k tvk y f w pf c k u d k p +yD ; vS s if +yD ; qH k ; atmif v k y f w wf . ? 0goem
aqmif & G u f a y;aeol u d k y if v S s if oH o ,&S d a ewwf . ? 4if ; wd k @ . a=umih f y J v k y f v k y f / tvk y f o abmyJ v k y f v k y f vuf a jrmuf = u
tjyKtrl r sm;onf teD ; uyf a eol r sm;ud k xd c d k u f a p.? olrsm;jzpf.? tEkynm/ yef;yk/ tdk;tvS/ aiGxnf/ owWKvkyf
ol w pf y g;. jy\emwG i f 0if r yg&ygvS s if &S i f ; r&jzpf o G m ; ol r sm;tjzpf a wG æ &.? ol w d k @ ES i h f q uf q H & mwG i f wd w d u s
wwf . ? ?
usvk y f o ih f . ? ol w d k @ b0wG i f t=uyf t wnf ; ES i h f a ecJ h = u&.?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (2)*%ef ; 3 vH k ; royf r &yf 0wf q if v S s if rwd u sol [ k owf r S w f & rnf ?
ES i h f t xuf y gol r sm;
4if ; wd k @ tm; zd E d S y f & ef cuf c J . ?
b0Y æ_ y f a xG ; apEd k i f j cif ; / pd w f r xd e f ; Ed k i f vk y f v d k u f
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (4)*%ef ; 3
aoma=umihf uHqdk;rdk;arSmifusapEdkif.? pdwfvdkufrmefyg rvkyf vH k ; ygol r sm;
&ef owdjyKoihf.? ESvHk;om;xd rcHpm;rdap&ef txl;avhusihf
pnf ; æk H ; a&;aumif ; rsm;jzpf . ?
rnf o nh f t vk y f
xm;oih f . ? txD ; usef o rm;rsm;jzpf o G m ;wwf . ? cH p m;r_ j yif ; udkjzpfap vkyfvSsif vuf ajrmufonf? odk@&mwGif xdktvkyf
xef a oma=umih f æk y f x d c d k u f E d k i f a p.? t}uH a y;vd k onf r S m ud k v k y f ch J . ? vuf r _ y nm/ *D w t&mYuG s rf ; usif . ? b0wG i f
*D w ud k vd k u f p m;oih f . ? od k @ rS o mvS s if
xG u f a yguf tjzpf tEk , k b *D w ud k
xG u f a yguf wpf c k &&S d a yvd r h f r nf ?
vk d u f p m;oih f . ? od k @ r[k w f y gu cuf
oif. t*FvdyfarG;ouU&mZfwGif
xef = urf ; wrf ; rnf ? pd w f t m;xuf æk y f
(3)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; ygol r sm;
tm;aumif ; ol r sm;jzpf . ? a&S ; acwf u
pd w f u l ; tvG e f a umif ; ol j zpf . ?
aus;uGsefrsm;udk ædkufESufcdkif;ap olrsm;
vufawGætaumiftxnf azmfc.
J ? aeæ
slave driver jzpf=u.?
pOfvlaer_tcuftcJudk &ifqdkifEdkifolrsm;/
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f
taumif ; jrif o rm;rsm;/ pd w f " mwf } uH æ cd k i f o l r sm;/ &if ; &if ; (5)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; ygol r sm;
ESD;ESD;aygif;oif;qufqHoludk b0wpfavSsmufvHk; apmihfa&Smuf
tm;vH k ; ES i h f oih f j rwf . ? ol r sm; tvk y f E S p f q vk y f E d k i f
oG m ;ol j zpf . ?
atmifwGef; ydk@Edkif.? vGwfvyfr_udkjrwfEdk;.? tdrfwGif;a&;rom
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (3)*%ef ; 2 ,mr_ r sm;}uH K rnf ? ol w pf y g;. jy\emud k ajz&S i f ; Ed k i f a omf
vH k ; ygol r sm;
vnf ; rd r d j y\emud k rajz&S i f ; Ed k i f a om *%ef ; yd k i f & S i f j zpf . ?
ol w pf y g;ES i h f r wl a tmif a ewwf . ? vl t rsm;ES i h f q d k i f oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (5)*%ef ; 2 vH k ; ygol r sm;
aom tvkyfwpfckudk +yD;pD;atmif vkyfoGm;wwf=u.? tawG; (5) vH k ; orm;. ES p f q jzpf . ? t&uf a opm/ aq;pG J w wf j cif ; /
ud k pum;vH k ; ES i h f a zmf j y&mY tvG e f a umif ; .? pma&;aumif ; umr*k % f v d k u f p m;wwf o nf ? pd w f a ygh vuf a ygh a ewwf . ?
.? vl r _ q uf q H a &;wG i f wpf c gw&H Y tcuf t cJ & S d a =umif ;
oif.t*FvdyfarG;ouU&mZfwGif (5)*%ef; 3 vHk; ygol
oabmayguf o ih f . ?
rsm;
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (3)*%ef ; 3
csLyf u d k i f & ef tvG e f c uf . ? OD ; aqmif a omol v nf ;
vH k ; ygol r sm;
jzpf . ? vd k c sif a omt&mud k &atmif , l E d k i f . ? a&&S n f t wG u f
pd w f " mwf t m;aumif ; aomf v nf ; pd w f u l ; a&vsif om pOf ; pm;oih f . ? cuf c J a omtvk y f } uD ; ud k vG , f v G , f u l u l
a=umwG i f epf a rsmaejcif ; rjzpf a p&ef owd x m;oih f . ? A[k vkyfEdkif.? e*dktcspfxuf tydktcspfudk &Smwwf.? tcspfESihf
okwpkaqmif;jcif;/ rdrdudk,fudk txif}uD;aewwfjcif;/ pdwful; tE W&m,fudk}uKHawGæ&avh&Sd.? trsm;tm;jzihf vlrkef;rsm;.?
ES i h f æ l ; aewwf o l r sm;vnf ; jzpf w wf . ? aumif ; uif q ef a e oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (6)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; ygol r sm;
ol j zpf . ? taumif ; qH k ; rS m aumif ; uif r S a jr}uD ; od k @ tjref ywf 0 ef ; usif E S i h f rd r d t d r f u d k jrwf E d k ; wwf o l r sm;/ rd o m;pk
qif ; &ef j zpf . ?
wm0ef u d k ausyG e f o l r sm;/ uav;ES i h f touf } uD ; &G , f t d k o l
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (4)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; yg rsm;tm; apmih f a &S m uf w wf = u.? 4if ; wd k @ tzd k @ td r f w G i f ; a&;
ol r sm;
jy\emrsm;onf 'kuQawGævS+yDjzpf.? rdbtkyfxdef;olaumif;
vGefpGmpnf;ækH;aumif;oljzpfI ol@tem;wGif vlrsm; rsm;jzpf w wf . ? aemuf q H k ; Y txD ; usef r sm;jzpf oG m ;wwf . ?
ywf y wf v nf a ewwf . ? ol w pf y g;. t}uH u d k v nf ; vuf c H
æææææææææææææææææææææ

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (6)*%ef ; 2 vH k ; yg

oif. t*FvdyfarG;ouU&mZfwGif (8)*%ef; 2 vHk;yg

ol r sm;

ol r sm;

tvG e f c sKyf c s,f a om rd b rS a rG ; zG m ;vm+yD ; ud k , f w d k i f
rd b jzpf a omtcg om;orD ; ud k csKyf c s,f r nf ? od k @ &mwG i f r d
om;pk E S i h f qef @ usif b uf j zpf I xG u f c G m oG m ;&wwf . ?
b0aeenf ; xd k i f e nf ; ES i h f ywf o uf I rod o l r sm;jzpf . ? pd w f
tvdkvdkufr_a=umihf ækyfcE<m'kuQa&mufwwf.?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (6)*%ef ; 3 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
pdk;&drfpdwfvGefI 'kuQawGæwwf.? tqdk;buf awG;
wwf.? rvdktyfbJ jy\em&Smwwf.? 0goemyg&m vkyfief;
udk vkyfoihf.?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (7)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
tpaw;cHolrsm;jzpf.? jy\em}uHKawGævSsif &ifqdkif
ajz&S i f ; Ed k i f r nf [ k , H k x m;yg? b0tawG æ t}uH K rsm;onf ?
tawG æ t}uH K rsm;onf 4if ; wd k @ . q&morm;rsm;jzpf . ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (7)*%ef ; 2 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
b0tcuf t cJ rnf r S s }uD ; rm;onf jzpf a p ajz&S i f ; Ed k i f
rnf? twGif;"mwfcH raempGrf;tm; aumif;.? tajctaeudk
tuGufædkufI toHk;cswwf.? xdk@a=umihf a&$aomhudkifxm;
ouJhodk@ t&m&mudk zGihfEdkif.? *Dw "mwfcHygolrsm;jzpfonf?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (7)*%ef ; 3 vH k ; ygol r sm;
wd k ; wuf j zpf xG e f ; rnf ? avmuD y nmud k txl ; pd w f 0 if p m;.?
aumif ; pG m pd w f u d k xd e f ; od r f ; I vd k u f p m;ygu ayguf a jrmuf
oG m ;Ed k i f o nf ? wpf c gw&H Y pd w f " mwf u soG m ;wwf . ? xd e f ;
od r f ; yg?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (8)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
oyfoyf&yf&yfESihf pepfwus aexdkifwwf=uolrsm;jzpf
.? tvk y f u d k + yD ; qH k ; atmif rvk y f b J xG u f o G m ;wwf = u. xd k @
a=umih f (8) wpf v H k ; orm;ud k Rolling Stone [kac:onf?

olwpfyg;ESihf qufqH&mY tm%moHryg&ef *&kpdkufyg
av? ol w pf y g;ud k t,H k t =unf e nf ; ol r sm;jzpf . ? ywf 0 ef ;
usif t ajymif ; tvJ vG e f p G m vd k v m;.?
oif. t*FvdyfarG;ouU&mZfwGif (8)*%ef; 3 vHk;yg
ol r sm;
vGefpGm&Sm;yg;aom *%ef;wGJjzpf.? i,fpOfu b0t
ajymif ; tvJ r sm;I vl v wf y d k i f ; wG i f wnf w nf + id r f + id r f j zpf
oG m ;wwf o nf ? aiG & S m aomavmuwG i f atmif j rif o l j zpf . ?
rS e f r S e f u ef u ef b 0wG i f avS s muf o G m ;vS s if atmif j rif E d k f i f r nf ?
+id r f ; csrf ; r_ u d k & &ef cuf c J v S . ? txl ; *&k p d k u f y g?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (9)*%ef ; 1 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
topftqef;rsm; &SmazGwwf.? ækyftm;oef@.? pdwf
tm;jznh f v d k u f v S s if tvG e f x l ; cG s ef r nf ?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (9)*%ef ; 2 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
vGefpGm}uD;rm;aom pdwfpGrf;tm;&Sdolrsm;/ wpfpHkwpf
&mud k xm;cJ h E d k i f r nh f o l r sm;/ ynm&S d r sm;/ '\eq&mrsm;jzpf
wwf.? rnfonhft&mudk rnfodk@jzpfrnfudk ar;cGef;xkwfavh
&Sd.? tv$maygif;pHkrSvlrsm;ESihf qufqHwwf.? pdwftm;udkcsKyf
oHk; &aoma=umihf aeæpOf avhusihfcef;vkyfoihf.?
oif . t*F v d y f a rG ; ouU & mZf w G i f (9)*%ef ; 3 vH k ; yg
ol r sm;
pd w f p G r f ; tif a umif ; .? od k @ aomf tvG e f q l y l a omif ;
=urf;wwfonf? tHh=oavmufatmif pdwf"mwfESihf ywfouf
I cd k i f r mjyif ; xef o l r sm;jzpf o nf ?

oihf b0tazmfrGef ta=umif; - (1)
tu,fI oif.b0 tazmf
rG e f o nf 1282/ 1289/ 1296/
1303? 1310/ 1317/ 1324/ 1331/
1338/ 1345/ 1352/ 1359 paom
jref r marG ; ouU & mZf r sm;wG i f arG ;
zGm; oljzpfyguææææ
ol . pd w f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m
ol o nf vl a jzmih f p d w f w d k j zpf . ? ae&mwumwG i f OD ;
aqmifvdkaomoljzpf.? pdwfvnf; tvGefjrefoljzpf.? onf;
cH v d k a om pd w f v nf ; r&S d ? rnf o nh f t &mud k r S s tm;remwwf

awG ; q qif j cif E d k i f y gap- pmzwf o l r sm;uk d av;pm;
vSsufæææ
nD r if ; pH
ay? ol o nf cuf x ef . ? rcH c sif p d w f v nf ; tvG e f } uD ; rm;ol
jzpf a vonf ?
ol. ækyfydkif;qdkif&m
olæudk=unhfvSsif tpOft+rJ jzwfvwfae.? bmudkyJ
vk y f v k y f vsif v sif j ref j ref aqmif & G u f a vh & S d . ?
ol . ud k , f c E< m onf rmausmI uspf v pf a e.?
t&yf t enf ; i,f yk [ ef & S d . / [ef a qmif a umif ; ./
&J&ihf./ ol.toHonf tpOfus,f.? olonf ydefygu a&m*g
ruif ; acs?
ol. pDyGm;a&;/ vlrSKæa&;qdkif&m
aps;onf / uk e f o nf v k y f i ef ; tusd K ;rjyKjcif ; ? vl t
rsm;ESihf yl;wGJaygif;pyf tusdK;rcHpm;&jcif;/ olwpfyg;udk tm;
udk;,Hk=unfvSsif 'kuQjzpfvG,fjcif;/ udk,f'l; udk,fcGsefrS tusdK;cH

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (15)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (3)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1270/ 1277/
1284/ 1291/ 1298/ 1305/ 1312/ 1319/ 1319/ 1326/
1333/ 1340/ 1347/ 1354/ 1361/ paomjref r m
ouU&mZfrsm;wGif arG;zGm;olzj pfyguææææææææææææææææ
pd w f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m
pd w f w d k j cif ; / pd w f j ref j cif ; / ES K wf x G u f p um;qd k ; jcif ; /
=urf ; jcif ; / bk a bmuf q uf q H j cif ; / twd k u f t cH p d w f }uD ;
rm;jcif ; / rsd K od y f r xm;ed K if j cif ; ?
&k y f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m
vS K yf & S m ;ajymif ; vJ r S K rsm;jcif ; / aoG ; om;tk y f p k E S i h f
rwnhfjcif;/ arG;&yfajrrS vGihfyg;ae&jcif;/ tdrfaxmifa&; &kwf
w&uf u sjcif ; / ysuf p D ; vG , f j cif ; / arG ; csif ; rd b ES i h f cG J c G g &wwf
jcif ; ?
pD ; yG m ;a&;/ vl r S l h a &;qd k i f & m
rcH c sif p d w f a =umih f ysuf p D ; vG , f j cif ; / pum;rsm;rsm;
ajymu twd k u f t cH } uH K &jcif ; / c&D ; rsm;rsm;
oG m ;ygu &ef r sm;jcif ; / usef ; rma&;nh H j cif ; /
oG m ;av&m td r f a xmif u svG , f j cif ; / td r f
axmif q uf r sm;jcif ; ?
usef ; rma&;qd k i f & m
cH w G i f ; ES i h f o G m ; ysuf p D ; vG , f j cif ; / avatmih f
&if a tmih f a&m*g&vG , f j cif ; / ajcaxmuf xd
cd k u f y suf p D ; jcif ; / cG J p d w f a &m*grsm; jzpf y G g ;vG , f
jcif ; / avjzwf w wf j cif ; ?
vd k u f e musih f a qmif & ef
pum;ajymod r f a rG @ yg/ twd k u f t cH o abm
a&S m if / c&D ; oG m ;vmr_ r sm;jcif ; ud k a &S m if u sOf j cif ; / pd w f y d k i f ;
&k y f y d k i f ; wnf + id r f p G m aejcif ; / &k w f w &uf wZG w f x d k ; pum;
rajym&?
oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (4)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1271/ 1278/
1285/ 1292/ 1299/ 1306/ 1313/ 1320/ 1327/ 1334/
1341/ 1348/ 1355/ 1362/ paomjrefrm ouU&mZfrsm;wGif
arG;zGm;ol jzpfyguæææææ
pd w f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m
rcH c sif p d w f a =umih f avmb}uD ; [ef j zpf j cif ; / jzwf v rf ;
oabmvk y f i ef ; vk y f v d k j cif ; / rcH c sif p d w f j zpf v G , f j cif ; / pd w f a us
eyf a&mih f & J r _ e nf ; I tajymif ; tvJ j ref j cif ; / t,H k v G , f j cif ; ?
&k y f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m [ef - rmef - t=uG m ; oabmaqmif j cif ; / vk y f
ief;rsm;vkyf&mwGif raooyfjcif;/ *%Smr+idrfaom trlt&m
jzpf j cif ; bk r od b rod oabmES i h f td r f a xmif j yK&wwf j cif ; ?
pD ; yG m ;a&; / vl r _ a &;qd k i f & m
twk d u f t cH &ef a ygrsm;jcif ; / vk y f i ef ; rsm;trsKd ; rsd K ; ajymif ;
vJjcif;/ vufawG hqefjcif;/ pD;yGm;a&;avmb}uD;aoma=umihf
&k w f w &uf y suf p D ; wwf j cif ; / {nh f 0 wf r ausyG e f w wf j cif ; ?
æææææææææææææææææææææ

pm;&jcif ; / rd b / aqG r sd K ;/ td r f a xmif z uf / q&mwynh f r sm;.
tusd K ; rcH p m;&jcif ; ?
usef r ma&;qd k i f & m
ol o nf ava&m*g/ vd y f a cgif ; a&m*g/ 'l v ma&m*g/
rD ; ,yf a &m*g/ 0rf ; ud k u f a &m*g/ &if a cgif ; ponf wd k @ wG i f j zpf
wwf w J h a&m*grsm;/ tpmtd r f a &m*g/ onf ; ajca&m*g/ a&csd K ;
rS m ;jcif ; / tqk w f a &0if j cif ; paoma&m*grsm;jzpf w wf y gw,f ?
vdkufem usihfaqmifzG,f vlatmuf}udKæaygif;&r,fwJh? olwpf
yg;awG u d k vH k ; 0 tm;rud k ; &bl ; ? ud k , f a ygif ; pd w f c G g aygif ;
oif ; quf q H & r,f ? vl a wG e J @ pd w f & S n f oD ; cH w wf r ,f q d k & if
oif . b0=uif a zmf o nf rk c satmif j rif a om yk * ~ d K vf j zpf v m
ygvd r h f r nf ?
oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (2)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1269/ 1276/
1283/ 1290/ 1297/ 1304/ 1311/ 1318/ 1325/ 1332/
1339/ 1346/ 1353/ 1360 paom jref r mouU & mZf r sm;wG i f
arG ; zG m ;ol j zpf y gu
pd w f y d k i f ; qd k i f & m
ol [ m wpf z uf o wf w pf , l o ef qef
w,f? w&m;wpfzuf "m;wpfzuf jyKusihfvG,f
w,f? olæudk tkyfcsKyfrSKudk tvGef qef@usif
wwfw,f? t,ltqtpGJtvrf; }uD;rm; wwf
w,f ? bmomw&m;eJ @ ewf u d k , H k = unf wwf
w,f ?
ækyfydkif;qdkif&m
ta=umrsm; oef p G r f ; rma=umjcif ; /
taetxdkif owf&yfodrfarGæ[ef&Sdjcif;/ taygif;
toif;ESihf yl;wGJaexdkif aysmfyg;jcif;? [efaqmifaumif; w,f?
vufawGæqefvGef;w,f?
pD;yGm;a&;/ vlrSKæa&;qdkif&m
rdrdoabmtwdkif; pGefæpm;vkyfudkifr,fqdk&if trSm;
rsm;r,f ? ysuf p D ; r,f ? yl ; wG J a ygif ; pyf tk y f c sKyf r _ atmuf r S m
vkyfudkifr,fqdk&if }uD;yGm;vG,fw,f? taygif;toif;a=umihf
ysuf p D ; vG , f j cif ; ? tk y f c sKyf r _ u d k onf ; rcH E d k i f w J h t wG u f ol @ rS m
twd k u f t cH a wG r sm;r,f ? pd w f q if ; &J & r,f ?
usef ; rma&; qd k i f & m
OD;aESmuftmæHka=umawG ysufpD;vG,fw,f? ESvHk;a&m
*gvnf ; jzpf y G m ;vG , f w ,f ? rsuf a ph / em;/ tmæH k c H p m;rS K rsm;
ysuf p D ; vG , f w ,f ? onf ; ajcysuf rS w f O m%f y suf j cif ; rsm;
jzpf w wf w ,f ?
vd k u f e musih f a qmif & ef
rd r d o abmeJ @ pd w f x if & m rvk y f e J @ ? rd b q&m tk y f
xdef;olwdk@. oabmudk vdkufem&r,f? t&rf;}uD; vGwfvGwf
vyfvyf rae&bl;? ækwfw&uf pdwfvdkufrmefyg rvkyf&bl;?
'gqd k a ocsmayguf atmif j rif r ,f ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (16)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

pdwfydkif;qdkif&mæææææææ
ol [ m pd w f u l ; t&rf ; ,Of w wf w ,f ? vl w pf z uf
om;ud k cG i h f v $ w f w wf w ,f ? [ef a qmif t&rf ; aumif ; w,f ?
tm;emwwf w ,f ? y&d , m,f =uG , f 0 w,f ? vd r f w wf w ,f /
vS n h f p m;wwf w ,f ? pd w f t ajymif ; tvJ jref w ,f ?
ækyfydkif;qdkif&mææææææææ
[ef a umif ; aumif ; eJ @ aysmf a ysmf a ewwf w ,f ? pum;
udk vG,fvG,fajymwwfw,f? *wday; t&rf;jrefw,f? tmrcH
&Jw,f? vlawGudktay:,H oumavmif; qufqH wwfw,f?
pD;yGm;a&;-vlra_ &;qdik &f mæææææææ
aygif;oif;qufqHa&; aumif;ayr,hf ol&Jh [efaqmif
wwf w m&,f / =uG m ;wwf w m&,f a =umih f atmif j rif r _ r &wwf
bl ; ? tm;emwwf v d k @ vnf ; r=umc% tcuf a wG æ &wwf
w,f ? ol w d k @ b0rS m tcspf a &; td r f a xmif a &; tæ_ y f t axG ;
awG r sm;w,f ? aemuf + yD ; *wd a y;+yD ; *wd y suf w wf a om
a=umihf vlawGu olæudk r,Hkr=unfjzpfwwfw,f?
userf; ma&;qdkif&mææææææ
ta=umES i h f ywf o uf a oma&m*grsm; jzpf w wf w ,f ?
tpmtd r f a &m*gES i h f avxd k ; avatmih f a&m*gawG jzpf w wf
w,f ? aemuf + yD ; ajcvuf u yf j cif ; ta=umaojcif ; awG u d k
vnf ; owd x m;oih f w ,f ?
vdu
k ef musiaf h qmif&efææææææ
vlawGudk [efaqmifr_r&SdbJ qufqHyg? ay;xm;aom
*wd w pf c k u d k wef z d k ; xm;yg? tm;remwwf a tmif }ud K ;pm;yg?
tcspf a &;ES i h f td r f a xmif a &;ud p P r sm;wG i f opP m &S d y g?
oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (7)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1274/ 1281/
1288/ 1295/ 1302/ 1309/ 1316/ 1323/ 1330/ 1337/
1344/ 1351/ 1358/ 1365/ paomjrefrm ouU&mZfrsm;wGif
arG;zGm;ol jzpfyguæææææ
pdwfydkif;qdkif&mææææææææ
vsif j ref p G m qH k ; jzwf c suf c swwf w ,f ? rcH c sif p d w f
t&rf ; }uD ; rm;w,f ? a'govnf ; }uD ; w,f ? rsd K od y f r xm;wwf
bl ; ? aemuf - ayguf u G J v G , f w ,f ?
ækyfydkif;qdkif&mææææææææ
ol u - tvS t yruf a rmw,f ? aemuf + yD ; t&rf ;
vnf ; rG r f ; rH j yif q if w wf w ,f w J h ? acwf q ef w ,f ? rmef r mef
uawmh }uD ; ovm;rar;eJ @ ? =unh f v d k u f & if oG u f o G u f v uf
vuf u av;yJ ? od y f a wmh wnf + id r f r _ r&S d b l ; ?
pD;yGm;a&;ESif h vlra_ &;ææææææ
vd k & if w pf r sd K ; rvd k & if w pf r sd K ;eJ @ y&d , m,f = uG , f w ,f ?
vl a wG e J @ quf q H w J h a e&mrS m [ef a qmif o d y f a umif ; w,f ?
tEk y nmawG bmawG v k y f & if xG e f ; ayguf a tmif j rif v G , f
w,f? tdrfaxmifa&;uawmh olæpdwf}uD;yJqdkawmh odyftqif
rajyvS b l ; ? tysd K awG vl y sd K awG q d k & if a wmh tcspf Z mwf v rf ;
av;awG rsm;wwf w ,f a ygh ?
æææææææææææææææææææææ

usef ; rma&;qd k i f & m
aoG;ESihfywfaom a&m*grsm; jzpfyGm;wwfjcif;/ cGJpdwf
jzwf a wmuf a&m*grsm; }uH K vG , f j cif ; / &k w f w &uf ab;Oyg'f
}uHKjcif;/ aoG;wdk;/ ta=umjywf/ aoG;oGef/ om;ysuf jzpfvG,f
jcif ; ?
vd k u f e musih f a qmif & ef
jzwf v rf ; oabmygaom pD ; yG m ;a&;rsm;rvk y f j cif ; /
rcH c sif p d w f avmbpd w f / xd e f ; od r f ; ed k i f j cif ; / vk y f i ef ; trsd K ;rsd K ;
rajymif ; vJ j cif ; / wpf c k c k u d k aZmuf c svk y f u d k i f j cif ; jyKyg?
oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (5)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1272/ 1279/
1286/ 1293/ 1300/ 1307/ 1314/ 1321/ 1328/ 1335/
1342/ 1349/ 1356/ 1363/ paomjrefrm ouU&mZfrsm;wGif
arG;zGm;ol jzpfyguæææææ
pdwyf ik d ;f qdik &f mææææ
wpf o D ; wpf o ef @ aevd k p d w f } uD ; rm;w,f ? aoG ; om;
aqGrsdK;om;csif;awGeJ@ raysmfarGæjcif;? tdrfaxmifa&;udk pdwf
ukefjrefjcif;? tawG;tac:ESihf aygif;oif;qufqHa&;wGif wnf
+id r f c ef @ jim;w,f ?
ækyfydkif;qdkif&mæææææ
taetxd k i f o ef @ jyef w ,f ? vl a e[ef x m; cef @ nm;
w,f ? td r f a xmif z uf . aumif ; usd K ;ud k rcH p m;&jcif ; ? tjyif
vl r sm;. av;pm;cH & vG , f j cif ; txif } uD ; cH & jcif ; ?
pD;yGm;a&;ESif h vlr@_a&;qdik &f mæææææ
td r f w G i f ; pD ; yG m ;a&; rxG e f ; um;bl ; ? aqG r sd K ;om;csif ;
awGeJ@ aygif;pyf+yD; pyfwlpD;yGm;a&; vkyfudkifr&bl;? tdrf tjyif
rS m qd k & if a wmh atmif j rif v G , f w ,f ? ausmf = um;vG , f w ,f ?
aqG r sd K ;om;csif ; awG a y;wJ h 'k u Q u d k cg;pnf ; cH & r,f ?
use;f rma&;qdik &f mææææ
OD ; cgif ; / OD ; aES m uf a &m*g jzpf y G m ;vG , f w ,f ? acgif ; rl ;
r,f ? aoG ; wuf w ,f ? qD ; a&m*g jzpf y G m ;vG , f w ,f ? 'l v m
rkwfusa&m*g jzpfvG,fw,f? 'l;acgif;udkufjcif;/ OD;acgif;udkuf
jcif;/ a&mifjcif;rsm;ESihf trsdK;orD;qdkygu om;tdrfwGifa&m*g
jzpf w wf y gw,f ?
vdu
k ef musiaf h qmif&efæææææ
wpf u d k , f a umif ; rqef o ih f y gbl ; ? wpf a ,muf w nf ;
txD ; usef q ef p G m raeoih f y gbl ; ? aqG r sd K ;awG e S i h f od k u f o d k u f
0ef;0ef; aysmfaysmf&$if&$ifaexdkifoihfygw,f? tdrfaxmifa&;udk
aysmf&$ifatmif }udK;pm;oihfygw,f? udk,hf&Jh rdom;pktay:rSm
wpf z uf o wf tEd k i f r ,l o ih f y gbl ; ?
oih f b0tazmf r G e f ta=umif ; - (6)
tu,f I oif . b0tazmf r G e f o nf 1273/ 1280/
1287/ 1294/ 1301/ 1308/ 1315/ 1322/ 1329/ 1336/
1343/ 1350/ 1357/ 1364/ paomjrefrm ouU&mZfrsm;wGif
arG;zGm;ol jzpfyguæææææ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (17)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

userf; ma&;qdkif&mæææææææ
ES v H k ; a&m*g/ aoG ; tm;enf ; wJ h a &m*g/ &if w k e f j cif ; / onf ; ajcysuf w J h a &m*g/ rl ; a0armyef ; jcif ; rsm; jzpf w wf w ,f ?
awG;q qifjcifEdkif=uygap pmzwfolrsm;ukd av;pm;vSsuf æææ
nD r if ; pH

oif'gawGukd odygovm;ŒŒ oif'gawGukd owdxm;rdygovm;
(1) Vatican City u urBmay:rSm tao;qHk; EdkifiH
(14) La Paz, Bolivia +rdKæu urBmay:rD;avmifr_
jzpf + yD ; vl O D ; a& 1000 ausmf e J @ tus,f t 0ef ; u 108æ7 tenf ; qH k ; +rd K @ jzpf y gw,f ? yif v ,f a &rsuf E S m jyif txuf
{uyJ & S d w ,f ?
ay 1 aomif; 2 axmif ausmfjrifhwJhtwGuf avxkxJrSm yg
(2) Suicide Statistics awG t & weF v mae@u 0ifwJh oxygen yrm%u rD;avmif&avmufatmif rygawmh
ud k , h f u d k , f u d k owf a or_ t rsm;qH k ; ae@jzpf w ,f ?
wJ h twG u f y g?
(3) urB m ay:rS m emrnf a y; trsm;qH k ; emrnf u
(15) tjyma&mif a0vig;awG u xk w f w J h toH u
rd k [ mruf jzpf y gw,f ?
188 Decibels &Sd+yD; urBmay:u ouf&SdawGxJrSm tus,fqHk;
(4) wpfESpfukefoGm;wdkif; oifhcE<mudk,fxJu atoms toH x k w f E d k i f w J h owW 0 gjzpf + yD ; toH u d k rd k i f a ygif ; 530
98æ u tpm;xd k ; oG m ;w,f ?
tuG m uaeawmif =um;&Ed k i f y gw,f ?
(5) oif}udKuf&meHygwfwpfckudk rSwf+yD; tJ'Daumifudk
(16) =uuf e J @ bJ u vl a wG p m;wJ h tom;xJ r S m
2 qwdk;/ 10 aygif;/ 2 eJ@pm; +yD;awmh rlvrSwfxm;wJh eHygwf rarG;cif O taeeJ@aum ao+yD;wJh txdygpm;wJh taumifawG
jyef E _ w f v d k u f & if &vmr,f h tajzu 5 jzpf y gw,f ?
jzpf y gw,f ?
(6) Dominica, Mexico, Zambia, Kiribati, Fiji
(17) vlawGaowJh tcgrSm aemufqHk; tvkyfvkyfoGm;
eJ @ Egypt tvHawGrSm iSufyHkawGyg=uw,f?
wJ h tm&H k u t=um;tm&H k jzpf y gw,f ?
(7) M&M Chocolate u ppfom;awGudk vufrSm
(18) tar&duefu WAL-MART pwdk;qdkifu 7 rdepf
uyf p D ; jzpf r aeyJ pm;Ed k i f a tmif wD x G i f c J h w J h y xrqH k ; acsmu wd k i f ; rS m $ 3æ000æ000æ00 ysr;f rSs tjrwf&w,f?
vuf jzpf y gw,f ?
(19) bD , ma=umf j im trsm;pk r S m bD , mrS m tjrKyf
(8) urB m vl O D ; a&&J æ wpf 0 uf a vmuf u James rsm;rsm; xG u f z d k @ twG u f qyf j ym&nf a wG xnf h o H k ; =uygw,f ?
Bond 007 Zmwf u m; =unh f z l ; =uw,f ?
(20) yef ; oD ; yif u ES i f ; qD y ef ; yif trsd K ;tEG , f j zpf
(9) ES p f p Of w d k ; +yD ; oH k ; vmwJ h vS s yf p pf y pP n f ; awG & J æ ygw,f? Bill Hanna eJ@ Joe Barbera wdk@u Tom &
oH v d k u f p G J t m;a=umif h urB m }uD ; [m 2327 ck E S p f r S m ajrmuf Jerry udk 1939 rSm p+yD; zefwD;cJh=uw,f?
0ef&dk;pGef;u vuf&Sd Mid-Kansas ae&ma&mufvmrSm jzpf+yD;
(21) b%f"m;jr wdkufaewJh tcsdefrSm towfcH&qHk;
awmif 0 ef & d k ; pG e f ; u tmz&d u ta&S @ yd k i f ; ae&mud k a&muf v m vl a wG u b%f " m;jrawG o mjzpf w ,f ?
rS m jzpf y gw,f ?
(22) 1907 ckESpf&Jæ ESpfopful;ae@rSm Theodore
(10) tar&d u ef u Major League Baseball Roosevelt u vlaygif; 8513 a,mufudk vufqGJ E_wfquf
(MLB) upm;orm;awG u rjzpf r ae atmuf c H a bmif ; bD cJ h y gw,f ?
teuf a &mif 0wf & ygw,f ? bmvd k @ vJ q d k a wmh upm;enf ; u
(23) Alexander Graham Bell u ol@ rdef;r eJ@
abmif ; bD * G + yJ E d k i f w J h twG u f y g?
tarudk wpfcgrSzkef; rac:cJhzl;bl;? bmvdk@vJqdkawmh olwdk@u
(11) ZZDD;uGufu iSufawGxJrSm tjyma&mifu jrifEdkif em;r=um; =uvk d @ jzpf y gw,f ?
wJ h wpf r sd K ;xJ a om iS u f j zpf y gw,f ?
(24) urBmay:u a& &Jæ 2 &mcdkifE_ef;om oef@&Sif;wJh
(12) Olympic tvHu puf0dkif;ta&mifawGu teD/ a&jzpf w ,f ?
teuf / tjym/ tpd r f ; / t0geJ @ tjzLcH a y:rS m qG J x m;wmu
(25) Neil Armstrong vay:udk ajccswkef;u b,f
urBmay:u EdkifiHawG tvHwdkif;rSm tenf;qHk; tJ'D ta&mif buf ajcaxmuf t&if c scJ h w m jzpf y gw,f ?
1 a&mif y gvd k @ jzpf y gw,f ?
(26) tuf p uD ; rd k ; awG [ m a&cJ a owW m ud k pm;p&m
(13) urBmt}uD;qHk; McDonald qdkifu Beijing, awG rcJ z d k @ twG u f o H k ; ygw,f ?
China rS m &S d + yD ; awmh square feet 28æ000 &Sd+yD; aiG&Sif;
(27) tar&d u ef 4 a,muf w d k i f ; rS m 1 a,muf u
aumif w m 29 ck & S d y gw,f ?
wD A D r S m ygzl ; =uwJ h ol a wG j zpf y gw,f ?
æææææææææææææææææææææ

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (18)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

(28)S unday eJ@ pwJh vwdkif;rSm “Friday 13
qd k w m &S d y gw,f
“qd

th

aus;Zl;qyfaom tvSppfydkifŒSif
jrefrmEdkifiHudk,fpm;jyK (Miss Interational 2012)
eef ; cif a Z,smonf ajrmuf ' *H k + rd K æe,f / trS w f ( 13æu)/
AdkvfrSL;Axl;vrf;/ 42-&yfuGufodk@ ema&;æSif cHpm;ae&aom
yl a qG ; aomu a0'emwd k @ ud k az;rul n D & ef 'k w d , t}ud r f
a&mufædSvmcJhonf? &ifzkef;tusætjzLESihf vHkcsnfteuftm;
0wfqifcJh+yD; ema&;ulnDr_toif;(&efukef). {nf@toif;olæ
om;rsm; csdwfqGJ avhædSaom toif;wHqdyfESihf psmye-{nhft
oif ; om;u'f t m; vnf y if ; wG i f csd w f q G J v S s uf psmyevrf ;
a=umif; vdkuf&ef 24æ 12æ2012 &ufae@ eHeuf 9 em&D csdef
uwnf ; u toif ; }uD ; . psmyeæmeYtoih f wuf = uG p G m
a&muf E S i h f a e+yD j zpf o nf ? eef ; cif a Z,smonf 2æ12æ2012
&uf a e@uvnf ; yxrOD ; qH k ; t}ud r f ,ck u J h o d k @ ema&;ul n D r _
vrf ; a=umif ; (2)a=umif ; tm; vd k u f v H y d k @
aqmif ul n D o +* æKvfay;cJhzl;onf? eHeuf 10
em&D pwif x G u f c G g +yD ; ed A æmef , mOf ay:od k @
a&muf o nf E S i h f eef ; cif a Z,smonf ol r .
vufudkif zkef;tm; zkef;oHrjrnf&ef (Silence)
vkyfvdkufonf? ,ck tcsdef avmuf ta&;}uD;
aom tcsdefrædS[laom t"dy`g,fyif? tb,hf
a=umih f q d k a om ol r ,ae@ wpf a e@wmvH k ;
tjrihfjrwfqHk;aom ukodkvftvkyfrsm; udkom
vk y f a qmif a wmh r nf j zpf o nf ? ol r . ay;qyf r _ r S m eH e uf
(10;00) em&D t csd e f r S p I nae (5;00) em&D t csd e f x d y if ?
tvS r ,f eef ; cif a Z,sm. wpf a e@wmay;qyf r _ r S m tjynh f
t0qH k ; tjzLpif q H k ; arwW m rsm;jzih f ay;qyf c J h j cif ; jzpf o nf ?
ema&;ulnDr_toif; (&efukef)ædS Volunteer a,musFm;av;
rSom wpfae@wm ema&;ulnDr_ vrf;a=umif; (4) a=umif;xd
vd k u f E d k i f = uonf y if ? tb,f a =umih f q d k a omf yl t d k u f v S a om
ae@vnf c if ; / um;.tyl æ S d e f taiG @ touf / ema&;æS i f w d k @ .
yl a qG ; aomuwd k @ tm; rS s a0cH p m;jcif ; / aetd r f r S - a&a0;
ok\efodk@/ a&a0;ok\efrS-aetdrfodk@/ odk@wnf;r[kwf aq;æHk
rsm;od k @ wpf a e@wm t}ud r f } ud r f ay;qyf r _ r sm; ud k a usmf j zwf
=u&jcif ; onf armyef ; yif y ef ; vS o nf y if ? od k @ aomf tvS r ,f
eef ; cif a Z,sm wpf a ,muf o nf wuf = uG p G m jzih f ema&;ul
nDr_ vrf;a=umif; (4) a=umif;tm; ryifryef; vdkufygulnDcJh
onf? olronf omrefrdef;uav;r[kwf tvSr,fwpfOD;jzpf
+yD; tcsdefwdkif; rdrdtvSay:wGif *ækpdkufae &rnhf trsdK;orD;
wpf O D ; yif j zpf o nf ? ok d @ aomf ol r onf ema&;ul n D r _ vrf ;
a=umif; (4)a=umif;vHk;wGif a=umufvef@jcif;/ æGHææSmjcif;/
+id K jiif j cif ; tvsOf ; ræd S c J h ? wnf + id r f a t;csrf ; aom pum;rsm;
jzih f ema&;æS i f t m; æS i f ; vif ; ajym=um;aeaom ol r onf

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

tm;vH;k A[kow
k taygi;f eJ@ jynfph =u
k H ygapææææææææææ
** soe naing**

ækyfomru pdwfygvS aom tvSppfwpfck udkyg ydkifqdkifxm;ol
wpf O D ; yif j zpf o nf [ k usrpd w f r S m trS e f w u,f rS w f , l v d k u f
awmh o nf ?
ol r ay;qyf & ef oG m ;a&muf a epOf c sd e f t wG i f ; ol r .
atmifjrifr_a=umihf olr. vufudkifzkef;tm; zkef;oHrjrnf&ef
(Silence) vkyfxm;aomfvnf; vufudkifzkef;rS zkef;ac: wkefcgr_
(Vibration) c%æ c% jrnf o nf ? ol r u zk e f ; rsm;tm;
vH k ; ud k rd r d , ck v rf ; a=umif ; vd k u f a eI pum;tenf ; i,f o m
ajymyg&ef E S i h f ema&;vrf ; a=umif ; vd k u f a epOf c sd e f o nf tm;
vH k ; xuf ta&;}uD ; aea=umif ; =um;&ol wpf z uf r S od o G m ;
avmuf a om toH j zih f nS i f o mpG m ajz=um;cJ h o nf ?
eef ; cif a Z,sm az;ro,f , l o+*d K vf a y;cJ h a om
ema&;vrf ; a=umif ; rsm;rS m - uif q ma&m*gjzih f ajrmuf ' *H k
(45)&yf u G u f aetd r f w G i f uG , f v G e f o G m ;aom OD ; 0if ; =unf
touf ( 64) ES p f / tonf ; a&m*gjzih f (7æ8)
aq;æHkwGif uG,fvGefaom OD;cifarmif&if t
ouf(55) ESpf/ tqkwfa&m*gjzihf taæSæ'*Hk
(133)&yf u G u f aetd r f w G i f uG , f v G e f a om
a':aomif ; pd e f touf ( 69)ES p f / vl } uD ; a&m
*gjzih f r*F v m'H k / 3æc &yf u G u f aetd r f w G i f
uG , f v G e f a om a':pef ; &if touf (64)ES p f
wd k @ tm; yd k @ aqmif o +*d K F v f a y;cJ h o nf ? eef ; cif
aZ,smonf aoqHk;olwdk@tm; olrudk,fwdkif
ppf a q;jcif ; / ar;jref ; jcif ; / ul n D o ,f a y;jcif ;
wd k @ ud k vuf t d w f r yg/ ES m acgif ; pnf ; wd k @ tm; toH k ; rjyKbJ
æd k ; om;jzLpif a om pd w f x m;jzih f ay;qyf c J h o nf ? wpf a e@wm
ay;qyf r _ v k y f i ef ; rsm; +yD ; pD ; oG m ;I ema&;ul n D r _ t oif ;
(&efukef) odk@a&mufædSaomtcg OuUXOD;ausmfoltm; tdrfjyef
awmh r nf @ ta=umif ; vma&muf a jym=um;aomtcg OD ; ausmf
ol r S wtH h w =ojzih f “orD ; tom;awG a wmif rJ u k e f + yD ” [k
ajym=um;cJ h a omtcgwG i f v nf ; auseyf y D w d t+yH K ;jzih f E_ w f
cG e f ; quf u m xG u f o G m ;onf u d k jrif a wG @ rd v d k u f & onf ?
xd k o d k @ rarmEd k i f ryrf ; Ed k i f tvS r ,f a v;wpf O D ; .
tom;ta&rsm; aeavmif ' %f a =umih f nd K rJ o G m ;avmuf
atmif ay;qyf c J h r _ o nf trsm;jynf o l y&d w f o wf w d k @ tay:
xd k u f x d k u f w ef w ef jyef v nf a us;Zl ; qyf c J h j cif ; yif j zpf o nf ?
xd k u J h o d k @ trsm;jynf o l w d k @ tay: tjynf @ t0 tjrih f j rwf q H k ;
trG e f j rwf q H k ; aom uk o d k v f t vk y f r sd K ;jzih f rd r d . tvS w &m;
ud k y if *æk r jyKawmh b J jrih f j rwf p G m aus;Zl ; qyf c J h j cif ; tay:
om"kæææ om"kæææ om"k [lI ema&;ulnrD _ toif; (&efuek )f rS
om"k ( 3)}ud r f a c:qd k + yD ; arwW m yd k @ ovd k u f & ygawmh o nf ?
“jyif y æ_ y gtvS w &m;xuf twG i f ; pd w f . tvS w &m;onf
vG e f p G m rS jrih f j rwf v S a yonf ”
Zl ; Zl ;

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (19)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

uJ æ uJ / uH p rf ; rJ x k d ; xm;wJ h y&d o wf a[m'D r S m uH x l ; &S i f a wG t wG u f
ayguf p Of u d k wk d u f = unf h O D ; ?
(rayguf o l u ayguf o l u d k rk ' d w myG m ;=uaygh )

1? armf a wmf q d k i f u ,f armif z k e f ; jrif f h v d _ f i f
2? a&$ qGJ}udK;
rd , k
3? a&cJ aowW m
tmum
4? 21 vufr wDADG
r&D c sd K
5? Camera
rsd K ;jrif h 0 if ;
6? DVD Player ud k = unf v d _ i f
7? puf b D ;
pd k ; rif ; OD ;
8? puf b D ;
rcsd K
9? puf b D ;
Nany
10? puf b D ;
apm=unf 0 if ;
11? puf b D ;
r&m'g;
12? Mobile Phone (xd k i f ; vd k a &;xm;onf )
13? Mobile Phone udkudk[def;
14? Mobile Phone rpk p k
15? Mobile Phone a0a0vG i f
16? Mobile Phone rpk
17? xrif ; aygif ; td k ; q&mpd k ; rif ; Ed k i f
18? xrif ; aygif ; td k ; vif ; vuf p d k ;
19? xrif ; aygif ; td k ; a':i,f
20? xrif ; aygif ; td k ; roD w m0if ;
21? xrif ; aygif ; td k ; aomf w m
22? avyef u m
atmif [ d e f ; ol
23? avyef u m
tazh o m;
24? avyef u m
rat;armf
25? avyef u m
rES i f ; qD
26? avyef u m
ud k p d k ; rif ;
27? pwD ; csKd i f h
ti,f a v;
28? pwD ; csKd i f h
aZmf r if ; pd k ;
29? pwD ; csKd i f h
aZmf x d k u f
30? pwD ; csKd i f h
rtd t d a xG ;
31? pwD ; csKd i f h
tmEd k ;
32? *G r f ; uyf
rtd t d p H
33? *G r f ; uyf
reef ; EG , f
34? *G r f ; uyf
tcsd K if ;
35? *G r f ; uyf
od*F Dpdk;
36? *G r f ; uyf
rxd k u f x d k u f 0 if ;
37? apmif
a&$ & nf E S i f ; vJ h
38? apmif
ud k a X;
39? apmif
raemf x l ;
40? apmif
r&S d a o;
41? apmif
wif a tmif r d k ;
42? jcif a xmif r&S d a o; aysmuf q H k ;
43? jcif a xmif
OD ; pd k ; pd k ; (a&$ y ef ; wd r f )

609
240
330
709
160
635
355
701
593
638
113
625
271
281
263
97
640
711
612
136
440
426
584
299
61
126
94
677
704
271
187
703
632
597
699
216
713
360
277
708
53
522

30403
11990
16451
35424
07972
31705
17723
35038
29648
31889
05616
31229
13516
14033
08114
04814
31980
35539
30553
06785
21967
21251
29177
14905
03003
06295
04657
33806
35158
13525
09305
35123
31551
29818
34940
10794
35602
17959
13805
35360
02603
06092
26058

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

16 *d w f
0816042796
0827712923
0911484421
0900599710
0801251355
0862121831
0881478935

r,f a wmif r d k i f
&ef r uif ; puf & H k
uef y d b ef ;
r,f y
&ef r uif ; puf & H k
NN puf&kH
a[G @ rk w f
aemif b G m ;
rJ a qmuf
r,f & rwf

0869343936
0846234861
0900603225
0862121831
0854007685
087735286
0881740240
0900605732
090064675
090059471
0906849121
0906878955
0888758721
0881483083
0836261042
0862121831
0857319722
0911450634

yef;uefvHk;puf&Hk

bef @ aqmif c G J
&ef r uif ; puf & H k
Elpis school

b[d k u f
4 vrf ;
r,f a wmif
bef @ aqmif c G J
tk w f z d k
r,f y
trd k ; eD p uf & H k
zd k ; umpuf & k H
vrf ; rS e f q d k i f
&ef r uif ; puf & H k
ql ; yk w f + cH
aq;&H k a emuf
r,f & rwf
r,f a wmf
awmxJ
r,f y
C.D.C vrf ;
rD ; }ud K ;puf & H k
r,f y
b[d k u f
r,f u k
tm&k H O D ; ausmif ;
pd e f @ [d e f ; puf & H k
abmuf w ef ; vsm;

0896425661 rJ a qmuf a ps;
pmrsufEmS (20)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

44? pwD ; td k ;
roD w mOD ;
45? pwD ; vif A ef ;
ydkydk
46? pwD ; ZvH k t}uD ; ausmif ; &ef y H k a iG
47? pwD ; ZvH k t}uD ; +zd K ;rif ; ausmf
pd k ; td r d k ;
48? xD ;
49? xD ;
uoJ (kate)
50? xD ;
a0,H - td Z m
51? a&cJ b l ;
apmcef @ yd k i f
52? a&cJ b l ;
qef ; rif ; OD ;
53? a&aEG ; u&m;
rxd k u f
54? pm;yG J c H k (acguf c H k ) oE W m at;
55? pm;yG J c H k (acguf c H k ) zd k ; xl ; vB u f & nf q d k f i f
56? rS e f
57? zef c G u f
Mr.Thongsuk
58? zef y ef ; uef v H k ;
rat;armf
59? zef y ef ; uef v H k ;
OD ; *suf j raomif ;
60? qyfjymr_efæ txkyf}uD;
ud k a Zmf r d k ;
61? uav; aygif ' gbl ; ud k o uf

327
452

16344
22573

0805128974 td k r D * gpuf & H k
zdEæ
JG puf&Hk

601
139
555
218
628
347
610
349
93
18
364
316
542
334
45

30019
06905
27722
10897
31350
17316
30453
17410
04645
00871
18158
15762
27095
16663
02216

082397296 15 *d w f
0824053390 P.B puf&kH
trd k ; pd r f ; puf & k H
0846249905 bef @ xk
0906833049 r,f a wmf
0899570188 zk w f z &-37 uD v d k
0850503634 C.D.C
0823975869 awmh y f a zmif ; puf & H k
rJ a qmuf a ps;

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

0805173200 TMSC Co,ltd
0853156944 zk w f z &-36uD d v d k
0881668140 zk w f z &
0894304745 r,f a wmf

uH p rf ; rJ z G i f h a omae@æ 'D Z if b mv 30 &uf 2012 txd r f ; trS w f JACBA (*suf b m) tzG J @ rS }uD ; rS L ;wnf a xmif o nf h
ae@opf t vuausmif ; . & ES p f a jrmuf j zwf o ef ; jcif ; ae@
ae&mæ
ae@opf t vu/ xqd k i f v G w f (1) &uf u G u f / rJ a qmuf + rd K @e,f a&tcG e f & H k ; }uD ; ab;vrf ; /
xqk d i f v G w f p nf y if o m,m&H k ; teD ; / rJ a qmuf + rd K @
tcsdefæ
eH e uf 9 em&D r S nae 5 em&D t xd
aygufrJpOfæ
uH x l ; &S i f r sm;pm&if ;
ud k i f ; æ tajymr[k w f / vuf a wG @ wu,f ayguf w J h / ayguf & if v nf ; {uef p if p pf q k a y;wJ h
ae@opf t vuausmif ; / uH p rf ; rJ ayguf r J a wG q d k w mu 'D v d k / 'D v d k y g?

2012 armf ' ,f / qk d i f u ,f qk e J @
yxrqk&Sif

ud k i f ; a&$ q G J } ud K ;ud k tcrf ; tem;rS m yJ
'D v d k c sD ; jrS i f h

wD A D G q k u d k 'D v d k & ,l v d k @
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (21)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

zk w f z &+rd K @buf u vnf ; ayguf r J a wG 'D v d k ,l = uw,f

r,f & rwf + rd K @buf u vnf ;
&wmygyJ

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

ayguf r J

30- 12- 2012 &uf a e@ tcrf ; tem;jrif u G i f ;

ae@opftv,fwef;ausmif;
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&;yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD

((JACBA )

pmrsufESm (1) a':atmifqef;pk-unf EdkifiHydkif &kyfjrifoH-um;uae E+wfqufpum;ajymrS tquf
'D ESpfopful;qkawmif; tpDtpOfukd jrefrmtpkd;&ykdif &kyfjrifoH=um; tpDtpOfuae
'DZifbm 31 &ufae@nu xkwfv$ifhcJhwmyg? a':atmifqef;pk=unftaeeJ@ tpkd;&ykdif
&kyfjrifoH=um; tpDtpOfuae jynfolvlxktwGuf wkduf&kdufqkawmif;cGifh&wm[m
yxrqk H ; t}ud r f j zpf y gw,f ? 'gh t jyif a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf & J æ qk a wmif ; pum;
tpD t pOf u k d jyef = uma&;0ef } uD ; Xme&J æ 'k w d , 0ef } uD ; OD ; &J x G æ f uk d , f w k d i f ol & J æ
FaceBook vl r _ a &;pmrsuf E S m uwqif h jzef @ a0ay;aewm[mvnf ; 2013
ck E S p f t wG u f xl ; jcm;r_ w pf & yf jzpf w ,f v k d @ vl r _ a &;pmrsuf E S m tok H ; jyKol a wG u
rS w f c suf a y;cJ h =uygw,f ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (22)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

rufyfa&'D,dk em;qifrvm;/ zGifh-unfhygvm;uG,f
'Dzkef; ESpfvHk;udk owd&
jref r mtvk y f o rm; nD t ud k armif E S r awG
vkyfief;cGifxJrSmyJjzpfjzpf/ vkyfief;cGifjyifyrSmyJ jzpf
jzpf/ tcuftcJ/ jy\em}uHKawG h&&if qufoG,f/
t}uHOm%fawmif;cHekdifzdk h a[m'Dzkef;eHygwfudk owd
&aemf? tvkyform; jy\emppfppfudkom xkdif;
Oya'twdkif; tultnDay;rSm jzpfygw,f?

102.50 MHZ
a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;awG e J @
ywf o uf w J h
ruf y f
a&'D , d k u d k jref r mtvk y f o rm;wd k i f ; em;qif = uaemf ?
txl ; ojzif h pae ae@eH e uf (11;00 rS 12;00)em&D
rS m aygh ? ae h p Of ruf y f a &'D , d k y H k r S e f xk w f v $ i f h r _ t pD t pOf
eH e uf (07;30 em&D r S n 7;30 em&D d t xd )

(087 849 6545/ 085 602 3573)

*k%fxl;aqmifem,u= a':pef;pef;=(MPU)

2013 Zefe0g&Dv tvSL&Sifrsm;pm&if;
(1) a*satpD b D a t- em,u (2)q&mawmf

100 bwf

(2)
(3)
(4)

100
100
100

jref r mrG w f q vif r d w f a qG w pf O D ;
OD ; wd w f E S i f h a':ar=unf
a':auoD a xG ; ( C L ) t x n f c s K y f p u f & H k ( r S e f a b m i f & H k )

ajym-unf h v k d u f / wk d i f y if - unf h v k d u f a v

bwf
bwf
bwf

rnf o l r qd k
jref r mjynf o m;pmapmif E S i f h
ae@opf
tv,f w ef ; ausmif ; /
igwk d @ vrf ; opf t ruausmif ;
twG u f
æK/ uAsm/ aqmif ; yg; pmrl r sm;/ a0zef t}uH j yK
tvS L aiG r sm;/ 0w
0wæK

csufrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm aqmif&Gufekdif ygonf? rdrdwdk@ awG@}uHK&aom
tzrf ; tqD ; ES i f h ES d y f p uf c H & r_ ? ted k i f h u sif h c H & r_ owif ; tcsuf
tvuf r sm;ud k v nf ; ay;yd k @ ek d i f y gonf ? zk e f ; om ac:vk d u f y g?

(Tpmapmifudk vpOfykHrSefxkwfa0ekdifa&;twGuf tvSLaiG
rsm; xnf h 0 if = uyg&ef yef = um;tyf y gonf ? Tpmapmif u d k vpOf
rysuf xkwfa0cJhonfrSm ,cktcg 7 ESpf 5 v &Sdyg+yD)

xd k i f ; ed k i f i H a &muf jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;taeeJ @ atmuf
azmf jyyg rJ a qmuf a 'otajcpd k u f xd k i f ; tzG J @ tpnf ; qD u d k jref r mbmomeJ @
quf o G , f tul t nD awmif ; cH e d k i f ygw,f ?
Oya'abmif t wG i f ; t}uH O m%f a wmif ; cH e d k i f y gw,f ? xd k i f ; a&S @ aersm;aumif p D /
Oya'taxmuftuljyKXme ( LLC) (081 7860 925)

twdkifyifcH t,f'Dwm ausmfoufaxG;
wm0efcH t,f'Dwm= qefwmuavmhpf
0dkif;awmfom;rsm;

&J&ifhatmif/ umwGef; 'Jh'dk;

JACBA
r[maZmf(rauG;)/
c/o.. PO.Box (70) "l0H (zkwfz&m;)
Mae Sot, Tak(63110) OD ; ausmf a omif ; (bef a umuf ) /
Thailand
a'vD , m / ausmf o l & d e f

E-mailwm0ef
cHtjacbaburmese@gmail.com
,f'Dwm
qefwmuavmh(pf)
newdayjacba@gmail.com
Blog- jacbaburma.blogspot.com
Ph- 087 849 6545/ 085 602 3573
Ph087 3089 680 (Dtac)

xd k i f ; -jref r me,f p yf u wd k @ jref r mjynf o m;awG & J @ &k e f ; uef v _ y f
&S m ;r_ e J @ b0tarmæaomutyl a wG u d k ae@pOf t opf w if a ewJ h jref r mjynf
om;bavmh * f r S m wuf z wf y gæ? oif h t wG u f æ vmjyD æ vmjyD æ vmjyD
jrefrmjynfom;bavmh*æ
f ?
Ph- 087 849 6545
Blog jacbaburma.blogspot.com / Ph- 087 308 9680

‘This material has been funded by UKaid from the Department for International Development,
however the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the department’s official policies.’

T*sme,f u d k UKaid ek d i f i H w um zG H @ +zd K ;wd k ; wuf a &;Xme. yH h y d k ; ul n D r _ j zif h xk w f a 0jcif ; jzpf o nf ? od k @ aomf
T*sme,f w G i f xnf h o G i f ; a&;om;azmf j yxm;csuf r sm;onf Xme. w&m;0if r l 0 g'rsm;ES i f h rnf o d k @ r# ouf q k d i f j cif ; r&S d y g?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (23)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

JACBA tzGJ@. aqmf=or_jzifh puf&Hk tvkyf&HkESifh
jyif y vk y f o m;rsm;u
rJ a qmuf + rd K @/ uef b d b ef ; &yf u G u f SPT od k @ ar$ ; puf & H k
ta&S @ wef ; vsm; rD ; ab;vS L 'gef ;
2012 'D Z if b mv 20 &uf a e@ rD ; avmif r _ j rif u G i f ;

tif w mepf w if ; puf & H k E S i f h ty` e m;puf & H k w d k @ . pk a ygif ; tvS L

td k r D * gpuf & H k E S i f h rJ a qmuf t r_ d u f y H k r S armif r J Z m pk a ygif ; tvS L
qufoG,f
&ef
q&mrdk;
zkef;
087 849
6545

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

qufvuf
vSL'gef;
=u&efyef
=um;
tyfygonf?

pmrsufEmS (24)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zefe0g&Dv 2013

b0tarmajy
pmrwwf vrf ; rS m zwf
ZeD ; armif E S H E S p f O D ; vrf ; xG u f + yD ; td r f o d k @ jyef v nf a &muf & S d = u+yD ; aemuf
“&S i f vrf ; rS m *sif ; abmif ; bD 0 wf x m;wJ h aumif r av;ud k pl ; pd k u f = unf h a evd k u f w m/ rsuf p d u G s wf r wwf y gyJ ”
“ig ol 0 wf x m;wJ h wD & S y f u d k =unf h w myguG m ”
“&Sifu ol@&JæwD&Syfudk bmjzpfvdk@ =unfhwmvJ”
“ig=unf h w mu ol 0 wf x m;wJ h wD & S y f t ay:rS m azmf j yxm;wJ h t*F v d y f p mud k y guG m /
tJ ' gud k igu pmvk H ; aygif ; +yD ; zwf = unf h w myg”
“&SifhES,f&Sif/ 'DavmufawmifyJ zwfp&m &Sm;vGef;vdk@æææ”
“[æææ rif;yJ ajymavh&Sdw,favuGm/ pmrwwf vrf;rSmzwfqdkvm;”
armif r [m
** The Joke **

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA )rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (25)

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful