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Oil and Gas Enterprise Management Well Engineering Module
Some technical/engineering calculations. Appreciation of new enabling technologies. . Completion and Well Service Engineering) • Course Deliverables – – – – – Appreciation and knowledge of subjects. Well design options.Day 1: Well Engineering • Introduction: – Gordon Botterill • Well Engineering (Drilling. Knowledge of interfaces with other technical disciplines.
rig types and rig equipment Well design & well planning Drilling fluids & mud conditioning equipment Drillpipe & drillstring design Drilling Bits Directional Drilling • • • • • • • • • Casing design Cementing Hole problems & stuck pipe Evaluation Well control & BOP’s Completions Complex wells Risk management Enabling technologies • • • • • .Well Engineering – Course Outline • Drilling process.
. Install production casing as required. Log and test the reservoir as required. Repeat the above process with progressively smaller hole and casing sizes until the oil or gas reservoir is drilled through. Case the hole as required.Types of Drilling Rig • Land – – – – – Standard derrick Portable mast Mobile Helicopter Slim Hole Platform Jack-up Semi-submersible Drill -ship Barge Tender supported All rigs have the same purpose: • • • • To drill a hole of pre-determined diameter to a pre-determined depth. Suspend or abandon the well. •Capacity depends mainly on substructure and derrick strength and drawworks HP. Evaluate the hole as required.1/2” drill pipe. • Offshore – – – – – – • • • • •Rigs are classified according to their depth capacity using 4. Complete the well as required.
The Well Construction Process .
Casing Diagram for Typical Subsea Well Mud Line 30” conductor at 212 m RT 20”surface casing at 1100 m RT 13.5/8” production casing at 4623 m RT 7” liner from 4570 m to 5450 m RT Well TD .3/8” intermediate casing at 3558 m RT 9.
5” Rotary Drilling depth 6500 metres .Land Rig Nabors 21-E 2.5 million lb GNC Derrick. 2000 HP Drawworks. 37.
Helicopter Rig • • • Helicopter rigs are used in remote areas such as PNG.000 lb loads by single or twin rotor helicopters. Rigs are transported in 4. Helicopter shown is a Chinook. .
the legs are first lowered to the sea bed and then the drilling platform is elevated above sea level by powerful hydromechanical jacks • Brae “B” Platform Rig The rig can be skidded in two directions to allow the rig to drill over multiple well slots The drilling rig is usually retained on the platform long after the initial directionally drilled wells have been completed to allow for later in-fill drilling and to workover existing wells • .Bottom Supported Rigs Rowan “Gorilla” Jack-up Rig • • Rigs of this type can drill in 120 metres water during severe gale force conditions They are towed as a floating unit to the chosen drilling location. Once on location.
Rig Skidded Over Well Platform .
Floating Rigs Semi-submersible Drillship .
Pontoon Type Semi-Submersible Rig Marine 700 Semisubmersible .
Semi-submersible Rig “Ocean Alliance” A dynamically positioned drilling unit capable of operating in 1500 metres water depth .
Anchor Handling Vessels • Piggy-back anchors on deck. • Note winch and stern roller .
Typical variable deck loads range from 2. can drill HPHT wells. Most buoyancy comes from pontoons below the active wave zone.000 to over 5.Semi-Submersible Rigs Sedco Express. Semi-submersible rigs are designed to withstand storm force winds exceeding 100 knots and storm waves over 30 metres high.000 tons. Rigs are kept on location by anchors or dynamic positioning systems. Tank Test Model of 5th Generation Semi-Submersible Rig • • • • • • Semi-submersible rigs are designed to drill in hostile environments Water depths range from less than 60 m to 3000 metres. . fitted with an automatic pipe handling system.
. – Less stable drilling platform than a semi submersible in comparable weather conditions. – Dynamically positioned for deep water applications – Can be mobilised relatively quickly over long distances. – Guidelineless drilling riser/ BOP systems.Drillships – Large deck load capacity.
Each derrick has a crown block motion compensator. Drill ships have large storage capacities that make them ideally suited to operations remote from supply bases. This drillship is maintained on station by a computer controlled dynamic positioning system. These contain equipment for well such as casing. • • • Swamp Barge These drilling units are suitable for operations in near shore. the coastal flats have been dredged to allow the drilling barge to be positioned on location.Drill Ships and Barges Drill Ship • A modern twin derrick drillship designed to permit simultaneous pipe handling operations. mud materials and cement. Note the dumb barges moored alongside. • • • . sheltered areas. In this case.
Typical Rig Selection Criteria • For all rigs: – – – – Mechanical/hydraulic capability to drill the well or wells Availability Contract rate Track record on safety and performance. • For land rigs: – Ease of rig up/rig down – Ease of transportation to. from and within the operating area. • For offshore rigs: – Ability to operate efficiently in the metocean conditions and water depths of the operating area – Adequacy of variable deck load (VDL) – Bulk storage and sack storage capacity – Conformance with discharge regulations .