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Methods of wastewater treatment
Mechanical treatment Biological treatment •
Chemical-physic. treatment • Neutralisation
• • • •
Screens Grit chambers Sedimentation tanks Filtration
• Wastewater lagoon • Bio-immersion contactor • Bio-filter systems • Activated sludge treatment • Anaerobic wastewater
• Precipitation / flocculation • Flotation process • Ion exchange • Adsorption / Extraction • Chemical oxidation / reduction
• Rotating biological contactor • Membrane filtration
Sequencing treatment(SBR) SBR – Sequencing Batch Reactor – principle of operation: Biological processes take place in subsequent phases in one reactor Controlled input of wastewater is fed to reactor Adapted in an optimal way to fluctuating amounts and loads Containing high level of performance buffer Relatively low expences for technical equipment Process control is friendly with modern control systems Simple operation and low level of maintenance 2012-05-14 2014.05.2012 3 33 .
Trends of spreading are observed.new development stage in Netherlands In 1960 – new impulse with better evaluation of cycle duration. the term of SBR comes into force In 1985 rediscovered for wastewater treatment in Germany Starting 1995 SBR technology is rapidly spreading in Germany Since 2000 have been installed more than 200 SBR plants in Germany.05.2012 4 4 .History of SBR technology progress In 1914 – first SBR plants in England In 1915 – first SBR plants in USA Since 1920 previously installed SBR treatment plants have been reconstructed to plants with continous treatment technologies because of complicated control without automation facilities In 1950 . Since 2006 small SBR plants for 4-400 PE have been started installing in Lithuania 2012-05-14 2014.
05.2012 .Flow schemes of wastewater treatment Troughflow system Continuous flow Use of free gradient Preferred by significant fluctuations Optimal control possible SBR system Continuous flow Use of free gradient Preferred by significant fluctuations Optimal control possible 5 5 2012-05-14 2014.
SBR treatment – operating principle inflow BioP discharge nitrification surplus sludge clean water outlet SBR Cycle sedimentation `` mixing & aerating inflow Deni denitrification settling filling & mixing 2014.05.2012 6 6 .
26/04/2012 7 . then the system switches automatically into the energysaving holiday operation.Advantages of AQUAmax and SBR technology All the phases of treatment process (denitrification. Alternatively a container can be deployed in a separate sampling shaft.5 l sampling bottle). Smart control system allows adjust operating parameters to real conditions. If. SBR technology with separate buffer tank avoids these problems. Sampling. Excessive flows usually cause problems for continuous wastewater treatment systems. The container is mounted in the vicinity of the cover and is thus easily accessible from above. As the pumping out process is of a short duration only. biological phosphorus elimination and sedimentation) take place in the same tank by determined stages. no wastewater flows into the plant. reduction of organic substances. Energy-saving operation. over a period of more than 4 hours. the treated water is collected into a suitable container in the filtering tank (accessory: 1. nitrification. The aeration time is reduced to the point that the micro-organisms just have sufficient oxygen available. With normal loading the plant switches back into the operating mode set. Sedimentation of active sludge is proceeding in almost ideal conditions as untreated wastewater can’t flow into SBR tank and provoke mixing or other turbulent occurences.
05.Small SBR treatment plants 3 SBR wastewater treatment plant for 4-8 PE Main components of this wastewater treatment plant are: 1. AQUAmax Basic equipment 1 3.2012 8 8 . Control panel 2 2014. Tank SNIGO 2.
Control panel 3. Aerator 4. Floating switch 6.Small SBR treatment plants AQUAmax Basic – the heart of wastewater treatment plant: 1. Pump 5. Clear water evacuation 6 1 2 3 4 5 9 9 . Body 2.
Sampling 3 1 2 2014.2012 10 10 . Settling 2.Small SBR treatment plants Three functions in one plant: 1.05. Wastewater treatment 3.
Small SBR treatment plants AQUAmax type Z are assigned for bigger plants up to 50 PE – simply hung to the top of tank by chains 11 .
05.2012 12 12 .Installation to polyethylene tank (plants up to 16 PE) 2014.
Installation to polyethylene tank (plants from 17 up to 50 PE) 13 .
Small SBR treatment plants SBR wastewater treatment plants from 60 PE up to 650 PE: Designed for small villages or camping places Big buffer tank for required wastewater accumulation Excessive sludge can be discharged to primary sludge tank or separate sludge tank 2014.05.2012 14 14 .
SBR treatment plants for small villages Main equipment for wastewater treatment from 60 PE up to 400 PE is floating aerators with mixers.2012 15 15 .05. Advantages of these aerators: Simple maintenance Submersible motor Floating unit consist of 2 separate parts so this unit can be easily removed or installed via the tank opening with standard (600 mm) diameter The float is secured with pantoon guides and floats only up and down 2014.
2012 16 16 .SBR treatment plants for small villages 2014.05.
2012 17 17 .8 mg/l 11 mg/l AFTER AQUAmax ® 25 mg/l 90 mg/l 25 mg/l 20 mg/l 2 mg/l (maximum values) 2014.Treatment efficiency BEFORE TREATMENT BOD5 COD Suspended solids N tot P tot 500 mg/l 1040 mg/l 440 mg/l 68.05.
Energy consumption 18 .
Our representative projects: Reconstruction of old wastewater treatment plant at Valavičiai village (250 PE) Complex wastewater treatment plant for meat processing factory “Samsonas” 19 .
05.2012 20 20 .Reconstruction of wastewater treatment plant at village Valavičiai 2014.
Reconstruction of wastewater treatment plant at village Valavičiai Before reconstruction: After reconstruction: .
05.“Samsonas” wastewater treatment plant 2014.2012 22 22 .
05.2012 23 23 .“Samsonas” wastewater treatment plant 2014.
lt Ingrida Charčkova . rk@eneka.Contacts Egidijus Jakučionis .manager.lt Rasa Kvedarienė . ej@eneka. firstname.lastname@example.org director.project manager.lt 24 .
Thats all! Thanks for your attention! 2014.05.2012 25 25 .