DESCRIPTION This section describes requirements for disinfection by chlorination of potable and recycled water mains, services, pipe appurtenances and connections.


REFERENCED STANDARDS The publications listed below form part of this specification to the extent referenced and are referred to in the text by the basic designation only. Reference shall be made to the latest edition of said standards unless otherwise called for. AWWA B300 AWWA B301 AWWA C651 Hypochlorites Liquid Chlorine Disinfecting Water Mains


RELATED WORK SPECIFIED ELSEWHERE AWWA Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water WAS Standard Specifications 15000, 15044, 15056, 15057, 15061, and 15064


SERVICE APPLICATION A. All water mains and appurtenances taken out of service for inspection, repairs, or other activity that might lead to contamination shall be disinfected before they are returned to service. All new water mains and temporary pipelines shall be disinfected prior to connection to the District’s existing system. All components incorporated into a connection to the District’s existing system shall be disinfected prior to installation.




SUBMITTALS A written disinfection and dechlorination plan, including all methods and equipment to be used, shall be signed by the person responsible for performing the work and shall be submitted to the District Engineer for approval prior to starting disinfection operations.

Standard Specifications

Disinfection of Piping 15041 - 1 of 6

Revised: 12/23/2010

1. Liquid chlorine contains 100-percent available chlorine and is packaged in steel containers in net weights of 68. disinfection and bacteriological testing shall be performed in accordance with this specification. State and Local laws and regulations.08 CONNECTION TO EXISTING MAINS Prior to connection to existing mains. disinfection and bacteriological test results. Connection to existing mains shall be performed in accordance with Section 15000.06 DELIVERY. District authorization for connection to the existing system shall be given only on the basis of acceptable hydrostatic. Section 5194.07 CONCURRENT DISINFECTION AND HYDROSTATIC TESTING The specified disinfection of the pipelines may not be performed concurrently with the hydrostatic testing in accordance with Section 15044.02 SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (LIQUID) Sodium hypochlorite is available in liquid form in glass or plastic containers. 1.2kg (1 ton). PART 2 MATERIALS 2. Title 8.03 TABLET OR GRANULAR HYPOCHLORITE Tablet or granular hypochlorite shall not be used at any time.172 Hazardous Materials Regulations. and hydrostatic testing shall be performed per Section 15044. 2. The solution contains approximately 10% to 15% available chlorine.120 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response. high-concentration solution feed to the water. 2.) or 907. The chlorinators and injectors shall be the vacuum-operated type.95 L (1 Qt. and the General Industry Safety Orders of the California Code of Regulations.93 L (5 Gal).2 of 6 Revised: 12/23/2010 . Liquid chlorine shall be used with appropriate gas flow chlorinators.01 LIQUID CHLORINE (GAS) A. The transport.) to 18. STORAGE AND HANDLING Chlorination and dechlorination shall be performed by competent individuals knowledgeable and experienced in the operation of the necessary application and safety equipment in accordance with applicable Federal. ranging in size from 0. heaters. CFR 49. storage and handling of these materials shall be performed in accordance with Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910. Standard Specifications Disinfection of Piping 15041 . and injectors to provide a controlled.1. B.1kg (150 lb.

rinsed with potable water. a hydrant. 3. The solution shall be applied at a terminus of the system to be chlorinated using an injector which can adjust the amount of solution being injected into the piping system. Direct-feed chlorinators. or ground water shall be cleaned by draining and flushing with metered potable water until clear water is evident. Water trucks. and then sprayed or swabbed with a 5 percent sodium hypochlorite disinfecting solution prior to installation. Standard Specifications Revised: 12/23/2010 . B. B. The solution shall be injected in the appropriate concentration to achieve the specified concentration range of chlorine throughout the entire piping system. shall not be permitted. Only vacuum-operated equipment shall be used. Sodium hypochlorite solution shall be used for cleaning and swabbing piping and appurtenances immediately prior to installation and for disinfecting all components of connections to the District’s existing system. Water mains under construction that become flooded by storm water. the entire main shall be disinfected using a method approved by the District Engineer. All piping. Disinfection of pipelines shall not proceed until all appurtenances and any necessary sample ports have been installed and the District Engineer provides authorization. Sodium hypochlorite solution may be used for the initial disinfection of newly installed water mains. The equipment shall incorporate a backflow prevention device at the point of connection to the potable water source used to fill the line being tested. Where pumping equipment is used in conjunction with an injector. Only a certified. The chlorinating agent shall be applied at the beginning of the system to be chlorinated and shall be injected through a corporation stop. Liquid Chorine (Gas) 1. The chlorination contractor must also possess a Grade II Treatment Plant Operator Certification from the State of California if required by the District Engineer.01 GENERAL A. an integral backflow prevention device shall be installed and connected to the potable water supply.3 of 6 2. C.PART 3 EXECUTION 3. D. appurtenances and all other equipment in contact with potable water shall be disinfected prior to use. valves. runoff. and appurtenances which become contaminated during installation shall be cleaned. or other approved connection to ensure treatment of the entire system being disinfected. Upon completion. 3. 2. piping. Sodium Hypochlorite Solution (Liquid) 1. 3. licensed chlorination and testing contractor shall perform gas chlorination work. fittings. which operate solely from gas pressure in the chlorine cylinder. Disinfection of Piping 15041 . pumping equipment.02 METHODS A. Every effort shall be made to keep the water main and its appurtenances clean and dry during the installation process.

the system shall be soaked for an additional 24-hour period. the chlorinated water shall be flushed from the system at its extremities and at each appurtenance. Following a successful retention period as determined by the District Engineer. (Note the limitations for discharge of chlorinated water outlined below. The chlorinated water shall be retained in the system for a minimum of 24 hours. The District Engineer will test the total chlorine residual. concentration shall be evenly distributed throughout the system to be disinfected. The system shall contain a total chlorine residual of not less than 80% of the initial total chlorine residual before the 24hour soaking period began. All valves shall be operated with the disinfection solution present in the pipeline. (Note the limitations for discharge of chlorinated water outlined below. or the sodium hypochlorite method as directed by the District Engineer. G. Disinfection shall result in an initial total chlorine concentration of 50-mg/l. F. hydrants. 3. E. If the total chlorine residual has not decreased after this additional 24-hour period. If the total chlorine residual has decreased more than 20%. If the total chlorine residual has decreased. The solution shall be added to the system in sufficient amounts at appropriate locations to insure that the disinfecting solution is present at a concentration within the specified range throughout the piping system. and water service laterals shall be flushed with the treated water a sufficient length of time to insure a chlorine concentration within the specified range in all components of each appurtenance.) Addition of disinfection solution after the initial charging of the line shall be made by either the liquid chlorine (gas) method. the system shall be flushed in accordance with the procedure detailed herein.) The District Engineer will verify the presence of the disinfection solution throughout the system by sampling and testing for acceptable chlorine concentrations at the various appurtenances and/or at the test ports provided by the Contractor. the system shall be flushed in accordance with the procedure detailed herein. using potable water from a source designated by the District Engineer.135 liters per minute (300 GPM) or a velocity of 0. All appurtenances such as air-vacuum relief valves. D.03 PROCEDURE FOR DISINFECTING WATER MAINS AND APPURTENANCES A. C. blowoffs.4 of 6 Revised: 12/23/2010 . whichever is less.5 NTU’s or less or as otherwise directed by the District Engineer. Flushing shall continue until the replacement water in the new system is equal in chlorine residual to the potable source of supply and the turbidity level is 0. Standard Specifications Disinfection of Piping 15041 . Sodium hypochlorite solution may also be used to increase the total chlorine residual if the concentration from the initial chlorination of the system is found to be low. backflow prevention devices. and shall be re-disinfected. The minimum water velocity during flushing shall be 0. The pipeline shall be filled at a rate not to exceed 1. This B.) The District Engineer will perform bacteriological sampling and testing as specified herein.4. Areas of the system found to be below the specified chlorine concentration level shall receive additional flushing as noted above and/or additional disinfection solution as necessary.9 meters per second (3 feet per second) or as directed by the District Engineer. (Note the limitations for discharge of chlorinated water outlined below.3m per second (1 foot per second).

The Contractor shall be solely responsible to evaluate. employees and authorized volunteers may sustain or incur for noncompliance with the Hydrostatic Test Permit arising out of or in connection with the Project. D. employees and authorized volunteers from and against any and all claims. The Contractor shall comply with all requirements of the State Water Resources Control Board and the San Diego Regional Water Quality Control Board. losses or liabilities of any kind or nature which District.04 DISCHARGE OF CHLORINATED WATER A. which will assure compliance with the effluent limit. Where necessary.008 mg/l 0. storm drains. federal. demands. In locations where chlorine neutralization is required. Storm Drains or Other Conveyance Systems. Instantaneous Maximum - The various methods of dechlorination available can remove residual chlorine to concentrations below standard analytical methods of detection. Failure to comply with the Hydrostatic Test Permit is a violation of federal and state law. It shall be the responsibility of the Developer to file a Notice of Intent and obtain a General Waste Discharge Requirements Permit for Discharges of Hydrostatic Test Water and Potable Water to Surface Waters. B. The environment to which the chlorinated water is to be discharged shall be examined by the Developer and the Private Engineer. The Developer will perform all necessary tests to ensure that the total residual chlorine effluent limitations listed above are met. San Diego Region (Hydrostatic Test Permit) for any discharge of hydrostatic test water or other potable water. 0. officers. The Contractor hereby agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the District. The Developer shall monitor the chlorine residual during the discharge operations. its Board members. In locations where no hazard to the environment is evident based on the joint examination described above. the reducing agent shall be applied to the water as it exits the piping system. agents.5 of 6 Revised: 12/23/2010 . officers. Indiscriminate onsite disposal or discharge to sewer systems.02 mg/l. obtain and comply with the provisions of the Hydrostatic Test Permit.3. state and local regulatory agencies should be contacted to determine special provisions for the disposal of chlorinated water. Standard Specifications Disinfection of Piping 15041 . The Contractor shall provide copies of all reports and monitoring information to the District Engineer. Care shall be exercised in broadcasting the water to prevent runoff. agents. and for the discharge of chlorinated water from the testing of pipelines to surface waters of the San Diego Region are as follows: Total Residual Chlorine Effluent Limitations 30-Day Average Average Daily Maximum 0.002 mg/l 0. Any indication that the discharge of chlorinated water may cause damage to the environment shall require the neutralizing of the chlorine residual by means of a reducing agent in accordance with AWWA C651 and the requirements of this specification. Total residual chlorine limits in these locations. its Board members. including any monitoring and reporting as may be required. the chlorinated water may be broadcast for dust control on the surface of the immediate site. drainage courses or surface waters is prohibited.02 mg/l C.

Coliform bacteria: no positive sample. the line shall be flushed as directed by the District Engineer. If the second set of samples does not produce satisfactory results. The District Engineer will analyze the samples for the presence of coliform bacteria and heterotrophic-type bacteria (heterotrophic plate count). flushing. and Heterotrophic plate count (HPC): 500 colony forming units/ml or less. the pipeline system shall be re-flushed and re-sampled.05 BACTERIOLOGICAL TESTING The District Engineer will perform bacteriological sampling and testing of all new system installations. the pipeline system shall be re-chlorinated. valves and all other components incorporated into connections with the District’s existing system shall be spray disinfected or swabbed with a liquid chlorine solution in accordance with AWWA C651 and as specified herein. END OF SECTION Standard Specifications Disinfection of Piping 15041 . fittings.3. Testing requirements are as set forth in the California Domestic Water Quality and Monitoring Regulations and commensurate with current requirements for surface water testing. flushed. Disinfection by this method is generally limited to assemblies of 6m (20') or less in length. The chlorination. Alternate methods such as "predisinfection" prior to installation in accordance with AWWA C651 may be required at the discretion of the District Engineer. 3.07 DISINFECTING TIE-INS AND CONNECTIONS Pipes.6 of 6 Revised: 12/23/2010 .06 REDISINFECTION If the initial disinfection fails to produce satisfactory bacteriological test results. The testing methodology employed by the District Engineer shall be as set forth in "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water" (current edition). (The requirement for HPC testing may be waived at the sole discretion of the District Engineer) 3. and re-sampled. Re-disinfection and retesting shall be at the Contractor's expense. The evaluation criteria employed by the District Engineer for a passing test sample is as follows: A. Upon connection to the main. B. and sampling procedure shall continue until satisfactory results are obtained.

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