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SURVIVAL AND SAFETY

Manual of seamanship

Department of nautical science

SCOPE
LIFE JACKET SURVIVAL SUIT EMERGENCY STATION ABANDON SHIP 25-MAN LIFERAFT RESCUE STATIONS SWIMMER OF THE WATCH RECOVERY RIG STRETCHER MAN OVERBOARD SMOKE AND LIGHTMAKER SAFETY HARNESSES SAFETY HELMET SAFETY AT WORK

LIFE JACKET
General Service Lifejacket (GSLJ)
Supplied to every person on board the ship. Should be carried at emergency station, action station and defence watches.

Hazardous Duty Lifejacket (HDLJ)


Issued when required. By personnel who duty on the weather deck.

General Service Lifejacket (GSLJ)

Hazardous Duty Lifejacket (HDLJ)

Assault Troop Lifejacket (ATLJ)


Give greater buoyancy than other lifejacket. Use for amphibious operation. No automatic inflation.

Landing Craft Lifejacket (LCLJ)


Use by crew of landing craft. Now used for certain small boat operation. Replace ATLJ for use by upper deck crews in a NBC threat.

Assault Troop Lifejacket (ATLJ)

Landing Craft Lifejacket (LCLJ)

SURVIVAL SUIT
Issued to all personnel. Must be carried at Defence Stations and Action Stations. Designed to used once only, that is in the abandon ship situation. repacked in containers.

SURVIVAL SUIT

EMERGENCY STATION
Pipe while the ship in event of :
Fire Collision or grounding Aircraft or explosive incident Flooding

Men not close-up on watch or any duty must to proceed to stated muster points. DCFF team not to be impeded.

ABANDON SHIP
Given by CO. XO ensure that ships company are deployed to the liferafts. Survival suit should be wear and lifejacket should be wear outside the suit. Jump feet first while eyes looking at the horizon.

Remember :
Better leave the ship over the weather side. Leave over the stern or bow if possible, if the ship has a list. After launching, liferaft should be worked to the bow or stern. If any underwater explosion, swim on the back and lift the trunk as high as possible. When possible swimmer in the group should rope themselves together.

25-MAN LIFERAFT
Supplied packed in a weather tight GRP. Stowage in single on in pair. Released manually or hydrostatically when the ship founder and sink. Inflated automatically by two gas cylinder.

Radio aids
Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB). Search and Rescue Transponder (SART).
Ship borne model. Liferaft mounted model.

Portable VHF Radio. SARBE Locater Bacon.

Immediate action on boarding the raft.


Search for survival. Examine the raft thoroughly for leaks. Bail raft dry. Activate radio aids.

Subsequent action on barding the raft.


Designate command. Muster survivors. Organize the duty roster as soon as possible. Detail lookout. Share store and equipment. Adapting to the condition. Prevent damage the liferaft.

Food and water


Supplied in cans and sachets. Rations for 25 person for 3 days. Do not issued any water during the first 24 hours.

Raftmanship
To control and command all the personnel. Navigate the raft. Boarding raft and distributing weight. Take care when raft capsized. Righting the capsized raft.

Organizing
Duties
Inspects the raft hourly. Care injured men. Signally men. Collect the rain water. Lookout of the raft.

Keeping a log.

RESCUE STATIONS
Preparation the equipment
Boats Swimmer Ladder and scrambling nets. Heaving line and lifelines

Use to recovery men from the water.

SWIMMER OF THE WATCH RECOVERY RIG Very effective method of recovering a person from the water. SOW must be trained by ship Diving Officer. SOW must know all the drill, maintenance of equipment and ability to function effectively in the water.

STRETCHER
Neil Robertson Stretcher
Designed for the transportation of casualties in difficult or unusual circumstances.

Lightweight Transport Stretcher and Harness


Consists of a rectangular tubular-steel frame fitted with a sheet metal floor. The harness designed to restrain movement of the patient.

MAN OVERBOARD SMOKE AND LIGHTMAKER


Secured to the lifebuoy on board the ship. Two methods of stowage.
Automatic release stowage
At lease 5m over the water line Make it retaining clip pull out before reaching the sea.

Hand operated stowage


Pull by hand from it stowage bracket. Cast over the side with the lifebuoy.

SAFETY HARNESSES
Necessary to send man aloft above 2m. Work in an exposed or potentially dangerous position. Drawn daily and returned at the end of the working day and when finished the work. Always check rope, webbing and metal fittings.

SAFETY HELMET
Protect the head from danger of being struck on the head. Protect penetration by sharp object. Minimize the shock loading and crushing effect.

SAFETY AT WORK
Working aloft, over the side and on deck in heavy weather always appear a lot of dangerous. Permission must be obtained from OOD or OOW before men start the their work. Brief team clearly on the task that be given. The personnel must wear a lifejacket. Follow the order from the leader of the team. Signal by flag to acknowledge other ship and men on board the ship. Safety first.