Examination Preparation

The purpose of this guide is to help Trainee Electrical Workers pass the EWRB examinations. It offers tips to help you learn and how to perform your best in the examinations. It will not help you if you do not put in the necessary effort. As an Electrical Trainee you will be learning practical skills, generally on the job but also at Training Centres. You will also be learning Electrical Theory at Training Centres (or through distance learning) and be given a sound knowledge of New Zealand’s Electricity (Safety) Regulations and the Electrical Standards by which you should work. HOW YOU LEARN There are three main types of learners - Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic. Visual People who remember what they see learn better using diagrams, pictures and copying what they see. Mind maps are useful when studying. Draw diagrams that link facts or a sequence of actions, ie testing. Use colour or different shapes to emphasise key points. WARNING: Visual learners have an advantage over other learners when learning Electrical Theory but can make errors when interpreting questions and may use the wrong equation. Because they recall pictures, diagrams and written phrases easily they can be careless about just what the question is asking. Auditory People who remember what they hear, learn better using recording devices. They can then listen repeatedly to information to help remember important facts. When studying, repeat instructions out aloud as this reinforces the auditory input. WARNING: Auditory learners may struggle with drawing electrical diagrams (remembering what goes where) so don’t neglect practising these. Talk your way through the drawing if need be but don’t talk aloud during the exam! Kinaesthetic People who learn while doing learn best by copying everything even when given adequate notes. Kinaesthetic learners are usually very efficient learners of practical skills but can be the least successful at written exams; so they need to put the most effort into studying in order to overcome this disadvantage. Make notes for revision that you can look at during breaks at work. Mentally connect your activity on the job with the theoretical knowledge that you are studying. WARNING: Kinaesthetic learners are often reluctant to write and may write as little in an exam as they can. This is often to their disadvantage as markers can not read minds! Make sure you answer fully, even if you think you are stating the obvious. What type of learner are you? Consider your school history and the subjects you did best in. You may be a mixture, able to use more than one type, but are likely to be stronger in one area over another. Play to your strengths but don’t neglect the use of other techniques if they can be used.

Questions are rarely asked in the same way twice. B.ewrb. reading textbooks or reference materials. Write it as a list or a brainstorming/mind map • Ask yourself questions about what more you need to know about the subject • Seek that information.govt. C or D. highlight keywords • Add new information to your original list or mind map • Reduce your notes to keywords for revision in lunch breaks • During your work day.especially if this area is considered an A or B subject in the Teaching Guidelines • Share your knowledge with others. diagrams and notes • Auditory – Recordings and notes • Kinaesthetic – Make abbreviated notes from your studying When you are studying: • Write down everything you know about a subject. often by explaining an answer your understanding of a subject will be stronger and more secure in your memory Involve others in your studying: • Let your employer know when you have an exam coming up and ask for help with study guides/time/mentor • Discuss regulations/standards with your workmates • Get together with other trainees for study groups • Ask your family to keep a track of your studying time Use the tools that suit your type of learning: • Visual – Pictures. A similar question may have been asked BUT the answer required may be quite different • When you discover a shortfall in your knowledge seek more information . (Teaching Guidelines are available on www.nz/Publications) o A – Thorough knowledge 40% o B – Good working knowledge 30% o C – General knowledge 20% o D – Basic understanding 10% Determine what your strengths and weaknesses are both in learning styles and knowledge: • Use your strengths to increase your knowledge • Use past exam papers to determine your weak areas – DO NOT use them as a learning tool. in your mind relate this new information to the work you are doing • If you are an auditory learner chant the keywords to yourself or talk to your workmates REFERENCE MATERIALS • • • • The latest Standards The latest Electricity Act The latest Electricity Regulations Electrical Codes of Practice .STUDYING TIPS Plan your studying: • Create a timetable and stick to it • Allot yourself reasonable study time with breaks • Give yourself a reward at the end of a week where you have kept to your timetable • Draw up a study plan that weighs up the subjects you need to study by the level of expected knowledge stated in the EWRB Teaching Guidelines ie A. You may think “I know that answer as this question has been asked before”. asking your tutor to clarify uncertainties • Make notes.

Tackle the easy questions first. ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS. AND DO THEM IN THAT ORDER. • Highlight keywords such as “minimum” and “maximum” • Check out the marks earned by each part of a question. 2008. When the following words are in questions they convey specific instructions: . Read the questions carefully. Published by McGraw-Hill ISBN 074711563 • “Electrical Wiring Practice”.Electrical Theory Textbooks: • “Electrical Principles for the Electrical Trade”. 6th edition. 5th edition. Mental blanks happen to us all under stress. An extra mark or two may be just what you need to pass. or parts of questions. Jeffery Hampson and Steven Hansson. Volumes 1 and 2. make an attempt at those you aren’t so confident with. 2004 • “Electrical Trade Principles”. If you have finished all the questions that you think you know. compass A blue or black pen A pencil (for drawings only) An eraser A calculator (a programmable one is fine as long as you can erase the memory) The allowed reference materials Your candidate code letter from your exam centre with where and when the exam is being held Photo ID SITTING THE EXAM You will be given 10 minutes at the start of the exam to read the paper. often the blanks will disappear once you start feeling more confident. Jim Jenneson. If you can find this in a library or through Open Polytechnic (it is no longer in print) it is an excellent text: • Electrotechnology – Principles and Practice – the Open Polytechnic of New Zealand 2nd edition 2004 BEFORE YOU SIT THE EXAM MAKE SURE YOU HAVE: • • • • • • • • The necessary drawing instruments – ruler. Published by McGraw-Hill. ISBN-10 073399394x or ISBN-13 9780739993947. Keith Pethebridge and Ian Neeson. Published by Pearson Education Australia. Markers can’t give marks for thoughts that stay in your head. If the question is worth 2 marks then it is usual for there to be 2 parts to the required answer • Allot your time wisely . Use this time thoughtfully: • Decide which questions. Read all the available answers to make sure you pick the right one – they are worth 2 marks each! Don’t panic if you find questions you don’t know. are your strong points – you should tackle these first – highlight the questions in groups: o 1) I know these questions o 2) I think I know these questions and o 3) I’m going to have difficulty with these. If there are “multi-choice” questions make sure that you answer these by placing the letter of the chosen answer in the adjacent box. protractor.in a 3 hour exam you should be spending about 8 minutes on a 5 mark question (this gives time at the end for checking). look out for words such as “why” and “how” and “what” to determine the type of answer required.

• Have you put the decimal point in the right place? By having an estimated answer in mind you can tell if the decimal point is in the right or wrong place. Label them clearly. Check that you are using the correct equation. Showing each step will show the marker if/where you have rounded. IF YOU THINK A QUESTION IS TOO EASY THEN IT IS PROBABLY JUST AN EASY QUESTION. describe the process of testing a single-phase appliance) Explain – state what happens with how or why. Check that the Regulation or Standard that you have chosen actually answers that question. Correct spelling and grammar is not essential but it does help the marker if your writing is understandable. If the marker can’t read your handwriting you will lose marks. and clearly indicate on your exam script that there is an extra page. the specific interpretation will depend on what follows. suggest reasons for the failure of a device) Try to write as neatly as you can without losing unnecessary time. Use a ruler to draw straight lines. and could range from giving facts to giving detailed analyses. Use all the time given to reread questions and your answers.give general ideas only – without detail State – cite without detail. (HINT – capital letters while more legible take longer to write – consider the use of lower-case instead) If you need to rewrite an answer use spare paper provided by your supervisor. name the legislation containing particular requirements) Outline . as you will gain marks for correct use of an equation even if your final answer is incorrect. CALCULATIONS When calculating show all steps. Give examples of – provide specific cases List . explain how an RCD works) Give – provide. provide possibilities not necessarily based on known facts or events (eg. Make drawings as large and simple as you can. .provide required items with names only Name – give actual name(s) but no other details (eg. Silly errors caused by carelessness may be the difference between a pass and a fail result. • Give the answer to the correct decimal place (usually 2). state three requirements that must be met when installing a particular system) Suggest – propose. • Do the calculations twice to make sure you entered numbers correctly the first time. and normally used in association with clearly identified facts (eg. IF THERE IS TIME: • • • • • Don’t leave the exam room early. AFTER FINISHING THE PAPER.Describe – specify the features or characteristic of an object or process (eg. involves more than “describe” (eg. Drawing in pencil first means that you can erase any mistakes.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful