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") . iFrom '^Ebers' Egypt.The Obelisk as it stood at Alexandria.




New York. BOUTON. Teow's Peinting and Bookbinding Compant..W^3 h S^GM-Sl COPYEIGHT BY W. . ISSO. 2U1-213 East Twelfth St.



now in the State Department. mander Gorriuge's In this epitome we shall quote Belzoni's manuscripts on Egyptian Freemasonry. 1850. Evarts. (Osymandias) and his son will take the trouble Kameses II. presented to us by Mrs. etc. Moreover. . opinions. were required to construct Egypt's architectural wonders. plummet. Farman. these implements must have been used in building Babel.PREFACE. will corroborate Com- and prove that an institution. published by the Is'^ew York Herald. among the national archives it was published by the ISTew York World. Any one who to read this epitome that secret societies and consider its illustrations.. existed in Egypt before jpyra/mid^ and dbelisJcs. etc. 1880. will realize like Freemasonry existed in remote an- . Belzoni. constructed by Pharaoh Seti I. similar to Freemasonry. Mr. As our Secretary of State. l^ineveh. . drawings. 1880. and Babel's Tower in the valley of the Euphrates. The article on Belzoni's manuscripts and drawings. because the Masonic tools. Aprn 21. we feel encouraged that the manuscripts. square. considered Comdiscoveries mander Gorringe's on tlie Obelisk o£ sufficient importance to open a correspondence between the State Department and our Consul-General. (Sesostris). perj>endiculci/r. at Brussels. Mr. illustrated by colored drawings. as found on the walls of the rock-excavated Masonic Temple. attracted much attention and elicited letters from the far "West so did Consul Farman's erudite and graphic paper. February 16.. and must therefore have antedated those wonders. compass.

De Eouge. and architects. whose Royal Masonic Cycloprndia. lectmres. and of the one in Germany. which. AmeEdwards. f . England. Temple found Freemasonry. Freemasons of our day may look with pride toward the cradle of civilization. of 'Eew York. Bouton. Mariette. 68. New Tokk. engiueers. Birch. Rawson. Young." As in Egypt. and relate the adventures of the 11 now in Eome . " History of Egypt. hierophants. not only for Freemasons. Maspero. Poole. 2 in France . 1880. Pharaohs. being coeval with the Fifth Manethonian Dynasty. Chabas. Lepsius. has been among us in New York for many years.C. of which the coming obelisk vdll be a worthy representative in the Xew World. West Eiftbeni'h Stkeet. W. which. 2 in Constantinople . "We must not omit to express our heartfelt thanks to those whose works. JOHN 30 A.4 tiqiuty. PREFACE. hierophants. Spohn.'^ recently published by J. princes. Wilkinson. as connected with Belzoni's grand Masonic in 1818." p. Ebers. according to Brugsch. Seyffarth. Bunsen. and Mackenzie. June 16. Gliddon. WBISSE. Dr. on emblems and symbols on the obelisk its way to Ifew York. London Athenaeum. will be our We shall also mention the 5 obelisks yet standing in Egypt. f reigned " 3700 to 3300 B. Brugsch. is the oldest. though the smallest of the 30. Spohn's pupil. 3 6 in elsewhere iu Italy . but for scholars generally. furnished us lia who most valuable information. and with Commander Gorringe's 16. Macoy. and magnates were masons. M. 1 on its way to America. and were the prerogative of kings.D. and magnates. * This ootaTO of 782 pages is really a Thesaurus. and conversations enabled us to write this epitome: ChampoUion. 1880) discovery of Masonic now (June chief aim.

Greek o/SeXia-Kog {spit or French dbelisque. one on each side of the door an obelisk consists of a pedestal. a city in Upper Egypt. /They w^re placed on pedestals before gateways of the printhus. • . which meant stability. THE OBELISK. or granite. styled monolith {otlq stone). German obelisk. etc. It is usually of one piece. ures one-tenth_of the length o f tiiediaft_. not in a flat surface. and hornblende. where those beautiful monoliths were quarried.'''' an appellation quite significant and sacred in the Coptic language. shaft. which terminates in an a/pex. which is the diminutive for pyramid. whence also Latin oieUsous. An obelisk is a four-sided pillar tapering from the base. from Syene. Originally these monoliths were used as funeral monuments. which means "written cohimn. The artistic rules for : the construction of an Egyptian obelisk are theJength^i2£_Dne^af-4±=e-io«-r^as&4-ises-meas=^ . This granite was named syenite. feldspar. and jpyra/midion. and forms a graceful top for th e . is This •word derived from hroaoh). but in 2k pyramidicni. limestone. Later they were of rose-colored granite. Another ancient Egyptian term for obelisk was Djeri Anschdi.INTRODUCTION. is sp_ the pyramidion one-tenth of _tiLe-Shaf t. and terminating. and were either of sandstone. composed of quartz. Under the earliest Pharaohs the Egyptian or (Coptic) word for obelisk was TeJchen but after the Twenty-second Dynasty it was called Men. cipal temples in Egypt.

. especially when we consider. despite the hardness of th^s(/e?i^. when they glance an they wUl know how the Egyp- tians read ages ago. \ was made more obelisks than in others^ Most Egyptian obelisks bear hieroglyphic inscriptions: the four faces oj^des are engraved with care. This . Thus their slightly convex sides increase their pears absolutely level. Moreover. try.* is of a harmonious symme- The gracefully proportioned pillar. pointed in some The pyramidion. shaft. thus contrived. which must have presented immense difficulties. whereas the and the fourth entire side are about Kameses in. The work tions of the . arrangement. in keeping witli the tapering shaft which slightly. who caused the work to be comdedicated to . in Paris. styled obelisk. although it was perfectly level and smooth. lateral of these three sides pleted. There engraved on four sides from the top downwardare three pei-pendicular rows on each side. 'the translators of obelistie hieroglyphs pass from side to side and then adjust the whole. .6 ^ INTKODFCTIOir. . of the engraver also differs the inscripmiddle column are deeply cut whereas those of the lateral columns have less depth by one-half. On two the obelisk of Luxor. that they had no IIieroglyphs„3rfi_tisaaIly_ tools and facilities as we have. apparent height. inscriptions on obelisks. shows a minute observation and a very addetail clearly vanced art. The convexity of the obelisk of Luxor. all whole structure. for * we find it was cofrom the modus We give these details to enable readers to understand the operandi of Egyptologists. the middle one of which is read first then the one on the right and next the one on the left. Thus. projects and beyond the base of the Egyptians had observed. eval with budding Egyptian art. or apex.. who at translate the obelisk. pedestal. and gave to the face a convexity exactly proportionate to that optical illusion. the medial inscription of is three of the sides Eameses H. in Paris. which ap- PThe This simple is 16 Hues in the centre. that the play of the sunbeams on a polished surface made it appear concawe.

^^ Had the author of " Charles XII.. 132. so are the two towers on Gothic Perhaps Ovid's cathedrals and two steeples on churches. and c onsecrated them to the divinity of the sun. and ized. meridians. All where their Souls. observes: he was telling the world nothing new or striking for mankind had about two thousand years to progress in geography. 68. that ." gist little TheTEoman archeolo- dreameH that." and " Zavre " thought before he penned this sentence. Bpeaking of ancient horology.*) Koman sway under Domitian.o. Jachin and Boaz. thf'y had a.INTRODUCTION. that the obelisk was connected with sun- The Greek stelm and Roman ably derived therefrom. astronomy. "Philemon and Baucis'''' were borrowed from Solomon's Temple. he would have real- Voltaire. 7 Fourth and Fifth Manethonian Dynasties (3Y00 to 8300 b. Auburn.Jhe. now adorn Greenwood. Pere la Chaise. In the first century of our era Pliny wrote : Monarchs entered into a kind of rivalry in forming elongated blocks of this stone.d. a. Obelisks were not only used as monuments to the g ods and the 'uead7 but for recording the deeds and rei gns of P haraohs ^but. cherished during four thousand years.ina.dBjo_Jn^cate . -besl'desThese de votional p urposes. known as obelisks.] (^bto the _Ject3^_and_seryed_jaiS-ff?iir7TOnw. hours.-shadi3sg:_ffias ^^^ia. and means sun-'beaTn.0 wonder obelisks." |- p. Solomon's two columns were probpillars. . prapt. modern savants would decipher from hieroglyphs (<^m^.of -the^-4ayy^ appeac-ij " the fiourRe_Q£lhifi-f^vtemft. ^^ But our meridians are more just than those of antiquity. New Yorkers *BragBcli's "History of Egypt.Which is the name of an Egyptian goddess. The blocks hadjthis-fQTDi given to theririn'resemblance to the rays of that huninara which are so called in the Egyptian language.'i or-Affim2ayjviiQS&. realize. Q\h&TQz!i pyramidions are legion. were but an imitation of two obelisks at the entrance of Egyptian temples. Thus we worship. Baucis being only a linguistic namesake of Boaz? 1S. nineteen centuries after he penned tljeae^ lines.

sages. the obelisk typifies resurrection. Pliny. Yoimg. de Pouge. daily and yearly those silent signs and symbols on pyramids. dbelisTcs. and symbols.* Germanieusjf etc. and tombs reveal the ai'cana and history of primitive heroes. and will be to those. as may discovered by Belzoni. Lepsius. postures. Ebers. B. signs. Mariette. Seyffarth. 111. Spohn. Herodotus. and demotic emblems. But their account remained meagre and vague. Pythagoras. temples. Bunsen. Even Masonic attitribes. and empires. it Freemasons use in symbolic degi'ees. show what Egypt has been.. tudes. historians. ascertained. Manetho. together with Moses. t Tacitus' Annals. tUl lately ChampoUion. ing for the last and now the earliest charity Freemasonry — Egyptologists have been trj-toTmravel Egj^t's hieroglyphs society for mutual protection and j —points to Egyptian obelisks andn its secrets." near the crossing of Fifth Avenue and Broadway. Thales. nations. to be seen in the vast subterranean temple In this epitome we shall endeavor is. dynasties. 8 INTRODTTCTION. and Commander hieratic. Maspero. characters. temples. Strabo. Gliddon. B. since figures on the walls of unearthed palaces. Mediaeval alchemists and savans looked to Egypt as fifty years the source of their theories. . 59. and Tacitus yea. which directly and indirectly answered more satisfactorily than the hierophants of old. who to sincerely search for mankind's primitive history. Brugsch. families. their predilection for obelisks in the " showed Wmih Monu- ment. Ancient statesmen. Ages ago Solon. H. Herodotus.. Gorringe interrogated hieroglyphic. II. and regalia are being divined and . Belzoni. conversed with the Egyptian hierophants and priests concerning Egypt's history and architectural wonders. Eawlinson. As a Christian emblem. initiations. Plato. 1 splendid rock-excavated temples as repositories of Herodotus. Chabas. and tombs tell the story of their long-departed inmates.. and artists visited Egypt study her social status and admire her architectural wonders. Birch..

Zola is Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Eite. A. which. especially when we consider. which was rather disagreeable labor. Past Grand Master of the Ifational Grand Lodge of Egypt.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. 1880. April 23. and measm-ements * by Grand Master S. and Destiny of the English Language and LMerature. and Chief of the Symbolic Masonry of Egypt. Mr. pedestal . *To enable readers to realize the true dimensions of the obelisk. would be an immense stride towards free trade and a universal language. CHAPTER I. 680-686." pp. we shall give all that concerns the obelisk. that uniform measures and weights would remove one of the chief barriers to easy and cheap national intercourse. we reduced Grand Master Zola's French into English measures. Zola received from masons in all parts of the globe. This report is an answer to hundreds of letters Mr. as we show in our " Origin. and gleaned from them what appeared most appropriate and interesting to readers. First and foremost comes thejnasterly-^^portp-ilhistrations. its and objects comiected therewith.' Befoee we approach Freemasonry in this epitome. We have scanned journals and periodicals. 'The Egyptians stand fortll pre-eminently as the monumental people of the world. Zol^jJiiLthe accompanying conversationsTprbttshed in the Ifew YorkJHerald. Progress. destined to adorn the American metropolis.

. with pedestal unearthed.The Obelisk.

at base. discoveries made by Bro.678 cubic feet. upon Lieutenant-Commander Gor- ringe and himself at the base of Cleopatra's ISTeedle Having learned that some stones bearing Masonic symbols had been brought to light by Lieutenant-Commander Gorringe. at the base. and the perpendicular of the In volume it is 2. off while the other two had been sawn and removed in days its gone by. was erected on from the surface of which it was and was supported by four square axes five Two of these axes ran through crabs. S. inspect the stones and express my opinion as to their Masonic sig- Bro. G. One of the sides .. 10 in. the upper stone. Bro. at base. at the 10 in. 33 S. THE EEPOET. 8 in. one of the sides measits parallel is 2 in. 11 in. hard . almost a cube. Eeport by tlie 11 lU. The obelisk known as raised 94 in. Another base . This pedestal rested on three steps.-. the top and base.'. while the first step is formed of eighteen stones. a pedestal. Zola. ft. centimetres thick. 3 in. its parallel has 8 ft. wide at the top and 7 ft. is 5 at the base its parallel ft. is ft.: THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONET.-.-. and and 8 ft. 9 in. 5 ft. requested Cleopatra's Weedle me to make further researches. two of which are formed of four blocks. and in 68 ft.. difficult made to assist at the work. I presented myself to him and accepted the offer courteously discovered. 8 ft. at the top and 8 9 ft. 9 in. Gorringe. The ures 9 pedestal ft. and 7 ft. These steps are of white. being occupied with the more part of the task entrusted to him. nification. wide at the top and 8 ft. weight about 186 tons. The length of the step imder the pedestal varies from 10 . a third size 9 ft. at base . at top 2 in.-. A. at ft. high . and 8 ft. 3 in. at top 7 in. 6 4 in.-. 3 in. 7 in. side is 5 its parallel i ft. 8 in. at the base.Com. The height apex to its of the perpendicular of the obelisk from is base sides is 64 feet.

its depth from 1 ft. to 1 ft.. 2 in. 6 in. its depth from 1 ft. ft. 9 in. to 1 ft. THE OBELISK AND EKEEMASOISTRT. 8 in. 10 in.. at the bottom. 2 in.. 5 in. to 1 3^ in. The stones are rough and irregular. ft. to 13 ft. 3 in. These foundations have a depth of about 5 the sides have a length of about 18 ft. 2 in. 11 in. its height from 1 ft. its height ft. to 18 1 ft. to 1 ft..12 ft. 6 in... It should is from the apex to the be remarked that about 20 feet higher the present level of Alexandria . its depth from 1 ft. The length of the third step varies from 17 ft.. 5 in. 8 in. 3 in. of the edifice is The perpendicular base of the foundation 96 ft. consist of three The foundations per side. at the top and about 19 ft. to 1 ft. 3 in. its lieight from 1 ft. The length of the step immediately imder the above varies from 14 ft. rows of six stones each thus forming a rectangular parallfelogram. 8 in. 2 in. 3 in. to 14 ft. while 2 in.

heads downward. Toward the middle of the same sides are two other serpents with the heads turned toward the same angle. wide. having two sides partially worked and partially finished and polished. is 13 The present level of the sea sea. The lower surface finished and polished. 10 in. foiming the angle. tlian that of the ancient city. long. the upper surface and remaining two sides in a rough state. 3 ft. high and Above the coils of the serpents and is at the point where the two upper lines should meet. 2 in. stone is 3 ft. about 6 ft. On the two partially finished sides and by the line A and A'. cut . In form it is a rectangular parallelogram. in. and on a line running from west to east. higher than the ancient level of the 1 was found last January inside the foundation of the obelisk. The " Oorrmge" Stone No. Dimensions. 9 in. meeting toward and reaching to the lower line. and three of the corners are each 1 f t.— THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. ft. are two serpents about two-thirds coiled. the fourth 1 —The 2 in. Enlarged view of right side. 3 .

The extremity. in part dressed and the rest finished. but their traces are so clear. 1 ft. These ornaments have a relief of about four lines. the coiled serpents have not the head and the horizontal ones are completely lacking . . the offering at a glance the labors of the three symbolic degi-ees —the apprentice's being represented by the rough craftsman's finished by the worked portions. 2 in. The length of the cuttings is 4 in. corresponding to the axis of the obehsk. the remaining portion being in. of one of the heads is still visible. 3 in. In shape it is Five of the faces are rough. : in a right angle with the following measures —Eight side. deep. and was thus enabled carefully to measure them. deep. their width 2 lines. The first half (See drawing. 2 was found at about the same — time. B. inside a pit. high.) of the said upper portion has. It should be remarked that. in the stone itself. at different distances. high.. long. . almost parallel. and the master's by the and ornamented parts of the stone. parts. " Gorringe " Stone No.14 THE OBELISK AND FEEBMASOBTKY. that I could easily restore them. —I 3i consider this a piece of architeetmre. long. rough left side. is whUe the surface of the sixth partly roughened down. moreover. Signification. 2 in. It stood near stone A. 5 in. 7 in. this surface is 3 lines thicker than the The upper portion of rest. but toward the west. an irregular parallelogram. ten double oblique cuttings.

while the pres- — ence of the trowel is emblematical of the master. Considering the roughened state of the Signification. a sketch measure oFthose days. and there now remains only a portion of the handle of the trowel. 3. 3 in. of theTineaf 15 —This inay be a tracing-stone representing degre^^nd also. and more especially toward the imperfect faces of the latter. This was found near A. In form it is a rectangular parallelogram and all its faces are roughened down. Toward the angle of one of its faces and pointing to it was found a thoroughly oxidized metallic trowel. C. high. " but placed more toward the west. leaving only the portion near the handle. the^TaBors of the three probably. 2 ft. three or four days after it I did not see it entire. long. rather larger — — than those at present in use. SignMcaMon. 11 in. . Gorringe^^ StOTie No. stone and its proximity to stone A. thick. 2 in. and 1 ft. The stone is 3 ft. because was discovered the stone was broken and three-fourths of the upper part of the trowel were taken away. A second theft was subsequently committed. I regard this stone as representing the apprentice and fellow-craft.THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONEY.

while the two forming the step are roughened down and the base of the step is rough. while toward the angle formed by the horizontal line. cut at obtuse model of an hexagonal column. This stone presents the appearance of a parallelogram superposed on another. They are 1^ in. Under this line are placed in a row. Immediately under this representation and parallel thereto is a line in relief on the whole length of the surface. Four faces are rough. The width of the angle at the perpendicular side of this square is 5^ lines. Stone discovered by Brother Zola near B. and precisely under the quadrilateroid formed by even numbers. and 5 lines and 6 liues at the bottom. which. the remaining portion being perlatter portion is divided and polished. At 10 lines from the diameter of the semicircle. at right angles with this face. . horizontally into three equal parts. and 3 lines from the horizontal line of the square and at IJ lines from the perpendicular side. represent the ..— 16 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRY.thirds The of the total height fectly finished is rough. which. every alternate two beiug equal. parallel line. thus forming a step. is a perfect semicircle. At a distance 1 in. the width is 5 lines. while the perpendicular has a length of 3^ in. twenty quadrilateroids having a relief of about 1 line. forms a square the which reaches the middle of the twelfth and measures Y in. with a perpendicular line at right angles. D. and at 11 lines fi'om the horizonhorizontal line of quadrilateral. The thickness of the lower line is 1 line and the length 1 ft. while at the end of the same side it is 6 lines. having a relief of 1 line and a diameter of 2 inches. but placed toward the east in the angle of the pit. 2 in. forming a square. These quadrilateroids are confined at the base by another angles at the end opposite the step. The width (5 J lines) above noted corresponds to the uneven numbers of the quadrilateroids. The distances between the lines forming the model are 4 lines and ij lines their length varies from 8i to 9 in. placed under the third quadrilateroid. high and 5 lines and 6 lines at the top. Of the remaining face the side of the step — —the upper portion' about two.

tal side


of the square,


seen another square having a hori-

and a perpendicular line of 2^ in. The width of the angle is 2^ lines, at the end of the horizontal line 3 lines, and at the end of the perpendicular 3 in. At a short distance from the latter square is seen a level, formed by two segments, having a radius of 1 in., a horizontal line 2^ in. in length and perpendicular If in.
zontal line of 10

This level
zontal line


1 line in relief.

In the centre of the hori-

a semicircle, having a radius of about 1 line.


length of this line

therefore, equal to the long side

Under the level is visible another emblem or part of one formed by a horizontal line and a curve, which form an acute angle in the shape of a wedge with a relief of 1 line. The horizontal line is 4 in. in
of the small square. length and the curve

—To my mind

about the same.

stone, because

of the

rough, partly wrought and entirely finished parts,


whether taken by blems cut upon it, emblematical of the symbolic degrees.

itself or in conjunction with the em-


equilateroids, moreover, represent the proportions of

the stones thus far discovered, and also of the whole edifice. This, therefore, was the general model by which the master
tested the skill

and proficiency of the craftsmen

in the royal

was found

I should not omit here to mention, that a perfect model in black granite of the hexagonal column above

this stone, I retm-ned on the 7th compare my sketch. While thus engaged I noticed a stranger coming toward me, and I concealed the stone with a view to make an agreeable surprise to Brother On the following day I showed him my sketch, Gorringe.


—Having sketched



but to our great astonishment, a portion of the stone near
the level had been broken



a block of Syenite granite similar to that of

which the obelisk



was found by Brother GorIn shape
it is

ringe in the interior of the foundations.


cube, and


faces are carefully dressed



It is

8^ thick. 5i Judging from the shape and dimensions Signification. of the stone, as well as from its situation (between the east 3

6 in. long, 3


high, and 2

angle of the chamber and the east angle of the
stone, to

pit), this


—This block

my mind,

represents the perfect ashlar.

also of syenite granite.

It is in


was found by Bro. Gorringe in the interior of the chamber, between east and west. Four of its faces are rough, one iinished, and the last
a rectangular parallelogram.

roughened down. This stone is 5 ft. 3 in. in length, 3 5 J in. in height, and 1 ft. 4 in. in thickness.


is meant to represent the work of the three degrees. G. In the interior of the foundations and under the first step Bro. Gorringe found a square, one side of which (the shorter) ran from west to north and the other from west

—This, I



ashlar, as well as the

to south.

This square
is 8


also of syenite granite, cut in a

block 2


1 in. thick, 8 ft. 9 in. long,

and 4






deep and the inner sides of the sqiiare are ornamented with three parallel lines, forming three



lines are 2 in. thick.


larger side


1 ft.

Y4 in. at the angle, while the other is 1 ft. 5 in. at the angle and 1 ft. 6 in. at the end. TI. ^A perfectly white stone found by Brother Gorringe in the centre of the eighteen stones, forming the first step. This stone in shape a rectangular parallelogram is cal-

6J in. wide, reaching to 1

careous, and, at first


of light



but on



presents a milky white appearance.


found near the cube, and has the following dimensions: length, 4 ft. 1 in..; width, 2 ft. thickness, 8 in. This stone presents a curious phenomenon. It darkens perceptibly at the touch, and on exposure to the air. The



it it

by the appellation of the " milky


and ascribe to

the virtue of facilitating milk in cases of

This stone

supposed to have been held

sacred by the ancient Egyptians, as a symbol of the sun and

of other


celestial bodies. I think that it is meant to reprethe purity, that should distinguish the applicant for



interior of the foundations

form a chamber, a

quadrilateroid in shape.


of the sides



wide, the second 16



the third 16



8^ in. and the



In the perimeter, formed by these

are three steps of calcareous stone and of granite.

These though not of the same dimensions, follow the lines

of the outer steps.

In the centre of the chamber
is built

a pit,

calcareous stones, and covered with cement.
a wall in the

form of


made of rubble and At the eastern The longer square.

running to the north, and the other, 2 ft. 5i 2 in., extending to the south. The width of the longer side This pit is also a is 10 in. 3 lines, and the other 1 ft. 3. in. quadrilateroid, one of the sides measuring 4 ft. 10 in., its



1 ^n.








and the

fourth, 6

ft. 3 in. the exavations are not completed, I reserve to give further details or rectify any errors, when the work is



Le Grand Commandeur
AiiBXANDRiA, Egypt, Maxch

Sup.-. Coun.-. d'Egypte.
32, 1880.

A. Zola,



It will

be observed, that


(stone with trowel),


(perfect ashlar),

F (rough


H (pure white stone),

are not represented in the sketches, because, being simple

blocks without intricate cuttings, they are sufficiently described in the text of the report.

24th your correspondent called at the newly restored Museum of Egyptian Antiquities at Boulac, near
Cairo, on the banks of the Nile.

On March



hear what Mariette Pacha,

The who

object of

my visit

at present lives at

the Museum, might have to say about the now famous stones, found by Lieutenant-Commander Gorringe underneath the

Cleopatra Needle.

Mariette Pacha's claims to the highest

rank as an Egyptologist need not be set forth here. Sufand I think this will be pretty generally confice it to say ceded that the two living Egyptologists, who stand head and shoulders above all others, are Henri Brugsch-Bey and Mariette Pacha. Brugsch-Bey, besides being an Egyptologist, is also a Freemason, but is unfortunately in Berlin, so that there will be delay before his views can be laid before the readers of the Herald. Upon being duly announced I was conducted to a large, pleasant room, overlooking the Nile, and decorated entirely in accordance with ancient Egyptian art. This is Mariette Pacha's study. Seated at a table near the middle of the room, and earnestly contemplating various models of Egyptian antiquities, I found the

Pacha. 21 Above the middle height and size. : THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONEY. then it went off to Alexandria to serve as a sort of plaything for Cleopatra. intelligent eyes. Fanton claims to have made most important discoveries at Mysteries of Osiris. who on that same day (March 24th) had ar- — — rived in Cairo by rail. and his voice is very much affected by bronchitis. bright. But somehow even the obelisk itself." This plate repre- . mustache and beard. in relation to Freemasonry and the is now busy in working up his notes and sketches. Maeiette Pacha—Yes and Prince ." . The Pacha here showed us a plate from the famous work " L'Expedition Fran9aise en Egypte. come you not sure but that there is some joke about them ? serious. and now it is going to wander off pour se prostitMer in America. Fanton. and • Denderah and Abydos. — Let us talk of something — — — stones are of the highest importance. Mariette Pacha is at present in very feeble health. Dr. CoEEESPONDENT Some of the Freemasons think these Osman Pacha. when in Egypt. CoERESPONDENT Are you a Freemason ? Maeiette Pacha No. I was accompanied during this visit by Dr. who is not a Freemason. Mariette Pacha were it not for his florid complexion would have the appearance of the typical antiquarian. wears the tarboosh (Egyptian fez). His eyes have to be protected by smoked spectacles. In the first place it fell over at Heliopolis. takes also an active interest in them. which causes the eminent Egyptologist to resemble the finest and handsomest types of the Turkish pachas. has never seemed to be a really serious obelisk. under which the stones were found. found under Cleopa- — tra's ISTeedle ? are Maeiette Pacha (laughing incredulously) Come. After a short preliminary conversation I asked the Pacha " What do you think of those stones. snow-white hair. far away from its native land. He always wears the rosette of the Legion d'Honneur. and. leaving Prince Osman Pacha at Siout. prominent nose.

that these temples were simply Masonic I ^whieh strengthens the theory. —I see. and shall look forward — — — . at a time. mon cher docteur. which my mind show. here and traveled about — Herodotus was a man." The following conversation then ensued between Mariette Pacha and Dr. or nearly so. Maeiette Pacha Reves insenses. Ernest Eenan and Maspero. Bented the Cleopatra's needle. Fanton De. "Where were these stones found ? CoEEESPONDENT lusido the foundations underneath the lowest step. The Pacha asked. because they were not known to exist. " Eemember. Fanton I have returned to-day. that Freemasonry and the Mysteries of Osiris are identical. Pacha. " that those gentlemen are both true critics in the highest and broadest sense of the term as such they are probably unequalled but they are philologues and I am an archeologue. certainly not.) Maeiette Pacha I could not venture to express an opinion upon them from verbal or written descriptions. Fanton Herodotus. if we use " mysteries " in the strict acceptation of the term. . the pedestal and the three steps underneath. from Sioni by rail." : 22 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. upon which I can base an opinion." rejoined the Pacha. when Egypt . (The foundations are not represented in the plate. with great interest to the accurate representations of the stones. De. and alluded to the possible " Pickwickian " solution of the problem hinted at in an interview of a Herald correspondent with MM. I promised to show the Pacha drawings or photographs of the stones as soon as they should be made. tive to At Denderah and Abydos I have foimd distincmarks and signs in the architecture of temples. Prince Osman Pacha has enabled me to make what — I am sure will turn out to be discoveries of the highest im- portance. Pacha. you don't put much faith in who came Maeiette Pacha By no means.The Mysteries of Osiris I do not believe ever had an ex- temples — — istence .

—I wish you all success. The Pacha was that he could scarcely speak above a whisper. I have serious doubts as to your reaching the desired On March 29th. my respects to Mariette Pacha. I shall not despair of — proving my theory. Pacha. that models be made. Egyptian history was ignored. Herodotus was often led into wild errors by persons. I hope to may prove of great but I must say value to you as an archaeologist. so as to enable him to study them with greater advantage a task which he intends to occupy himself with. but is it not pos- sible that. told all sorts of absurdities by be- by all their dragomans. which he had himself made. April 21. 23 was under the influence of foreign nations. In all questions of Egyptology we must all bow our heads archaeological to Mariette Pacha . in following a long course of study from a purely standpoint. great deal. Evarts. and which have already been sent to the Herald. Signor Zola showed the drawings. I again paid so ill. one may easily fail ? to observe views from an essentially different standpoint place at your disposition views. . that would certainly be a Mariette Pacha desired. from whom he obtained his information just as les — voyageurs anglais are led into lieving stories. World. All national pride and feeling had ceased to exist. In this way Herononsense about the " mysteries " Herodotus is by no means trustworthy (veridiand has caused much mischief. gleanings cannot help adding to the preceding document and from the highly interesting despatch of Consul-General Farman to our Secretary of State. this dotus has led us into of Osiris. if the Freemasons can explain their signification. which By still examin- ing monuments from a Masonic point of view. Mariette Pacha did not remember to have come across any similar stones in the course of his long experience. and said. as soon as his health will permit. Fanton Nevertheless. Maeiette Pacha result. que). in company with Signor Zola. Dr. We conversations.— THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOWKT. as published in the New York Mr.

slightly crystalline and approaching marble in its characteristics. They but confirm Commander Gorringe's discoveries. 1879. that have been made in their removal. or. perhaps more correctly. The stones. 1 [ ) " SiE —Eeferring to my despatches Nos. was a magnificent work. relating to the obelisk. Grand Master Zola's report. there was found under its southeasterly. tional historical facts as I and give you such addihave been able to obtain. and give the positions of the stones according to the information. and having its sides all care- . and Dr. 1880. constituting the emblems referred to. even at this day. on which the pedestal rested. known as Cleopatra's itfeedle. concerning this interesting The whole structure ing its claim of ancient origin. I have the honor to communicate to you the following additional description of the foundations. a piece of red or syenitic granite forty-two inches square. Agency and Constiltate-General OP THE United States in Egypt. I also enclose a full translation of the hieroglyphs of the obelisk as far as they can be read. January 20. after monument. On and in some of its parts capable of a removing the pedestal. and shows that the architect Pontius would have been entitled. Fanton's opinions. had been removed before I saw them. 301 and 344 of the 22d of June and 13th of November. relating to the order of Freemasons. to a position in the first rank of those of his profession. and confirmconsiderable research. which I shall hereafter mention. with a state- ment of the discoveries. In the removal of the foundations there has been made what is considered a very important historical discovery. easterly corner (the four sides of the obelisk did not face the four cardinal points of the compass). THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. were of a lightcolored limestone. Cairo. received from the Commander. All of the stone of the foundations. I will only state briefly what I saw.24 1880. and I shall leave it for Lieutenant-Commander Gorringe to give in his report to the department fuU particulars with drawings. except the four pieces. fair polish.

. and adhering to the upper surface of a limestone block adjoining it. 7f in. by 1 ft. broad. and its short section 4 3 in. long by 4 ft. Be- the other blocks.. and the form of a mason's square. in such a position. fully dressed 25 and its this granite block. thick. 3 in. perhaps by the unequal pressure. by 5 ft. that came upon it. and tions. The long section of the square lay very near.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONET. low this there was another granite block. many small fossils. The space ciit out of its upper part was filled with the ordinary limestone of the foundations. In the same tier with the square and touching its short section in the west or westerly angle of the foundations. almost wholly oxidized. by 1 ft. It is 21^ in. On the same plane with the white stone. It was of iron. and nearly lines of the square. that was directly . ing to the depth of nine inches that part of the stone. The lower part of the stone still has its original form of a parallelogram. but its angles were all different. The thinner part of the stone has been broken.. angles right angles. there was another block of syenitic granite. step. Immediately under and on the same plane with the lower was found a piece of white stone much thinner than This was also a limestone. but the part forming the square is still perfect. measuring the length in each case from the outer angle of the square. and different from anything else in the foundation. Its long was 8 ft. and contained but it was all of the purest white. the upper surface of which was very ii-regular. It was about 3 ft. given to its upper surface by cutting out and lowersection ft. 6 in. the upper part of which was cut in the form of a mason's square. and consequently no two of its sides parallel. tions of the transverse lines of its parallel to the southerly or southeasterly side of the foundaits easterly or northeasterly end under the white stone and the granite cube I have mentioned. 6 in. there was found an ordinary sized mason's trowel. included between the two inner and the continuatwo ends. and would seem to have been originally a parallelogram 8 ft. 5J in. so that on its first discovery only the upper surface in the form of a mason's square could be seen.

There are also a few cuttings on the foundations. I have no doubt. be best understood and appreciated by the members of the Order of Freemasons. — white stone —are said to be in their correct positions as Ma- sonic emblems. was found the following Greek inscription not be considered as the result of chance. and it appears to me. the square. which are not hieroglyphics. All of these symbols the trowel.: 26 THE OBELISK AND EBEEMASONRY. eighths of an inch in relief. however. and which will be particularly described by Commander Gorringe. This discovery was made by Mr. The iine emblems and their position can- Their full import and historical importance will. There has been another important archaeological discovery resulting from the excavations at the base of Cleopatra's Needle. An excavation was then made. of the shape of a longitudinal section of an egg or of the The handle was about threeflattened bowl of a spoon. the only remaining claw of either crab. KAIS APOS . BAPBAPOS AJSTETHHKE APXITEKTOJSrOYNTOS PONTIOT The first letter of this inscription. sufficient to discover one of the crabs I have mentioned. which may be termed the perfect and the rough ashlars. on the 20th of Jime. 18TT. which letter in this L. The left side of the point of to the blade was gone. the two granite blocks. and on the outside of its left claw. That the discovery is of historic value. L. there The mortar or cement and the stone are of a similar color and of about the same hardness. represents the word " year." being the old form of lamhda. and which are said to be Masonic emblems. ISTeroutsos Bey. and the can be no doubt. be and at once That was an ordinary mason's trowel. that a slight depression was cut in the stone and the trowel imbedded in the mortar. H. made of iron or steel. distinctly seen it AU the rest is sufficiently perfect unmistakably recognized. Dixon and the archaeologist.

The second H. We think a short statement of the ancient striking features of this . which signifies letter. who inObelisk. fixing as erection at Alexandria. monument would assist the reader's memory hence we give it before we introduce Dr. and be an honor to our State Department. vestigated the Masonic signs and great importance. Barbaras. Prefect of Egypt. deciphered from monuments. and the whole inscription may be translated as follows "In the year eight architect. emblems on the Thothmes Thus is ancient history being unearthed. it does." is 27 the initial of the word. hence Mr. Barbaros erected (dedicated) (this monument).: : THE OBELISK AND FREEMASON KY. who must have been a Mason." (of the reign) of Caesar. and translated from hieroglyphic and cuneiform tablets and symbols by busy archeologic bees in all The inscription on the crab's claw is of parts of the globe. Pontius. erected (this monument) by the architect). Pontius being the On the inner side of the same claw was the following in- scription in Latin ANNO yiii AYGYSTI OAESAEIS BARBARYS PRAEF AEGYPTI POSYIT "In the year Aechi-TecTante PonTio that is to say: eight (of the reign) of Au- gustus Caesar. the time of the obelisk's and giving the name of the archiCenturies tect. Birch's interesting remarks on the obelisk and his translation of the hieroglyphs : . and similar cases " year. Earman's despatch will reflect credit on our consular system." architect Pontius (Pontius being the The above statements of Consul Farman fully endorse the opinions and ideas of the Masons and scholars. represents the number 8.

Top " " " ft. volume. the the site of the ancient 13. of Alexandria. two of which —formerly remained on —one erect. about Weight. shows they adorned the shrine of the god Tum. the great monarch of the Eighteenth EgypJ whose power extended fi-om the confines of tian D}Tiasty. III. their dimensions. height as it stood at Alexandria. which. 351 * Published in "The Loudon Athenseum.. ft. Heliopolis is known in the Egyptian texts as the and the sole survivor still erect. 1880. . India to the islands of the Mediterranean and to the limits of . at Thebes and Heliopolis. the site of the court of the Fourth and subsequent dynasties. in. about 2. ments would take up too much other fallen space. it is not the question here to deal.28 THE OBELISK AND rREEMASO]SrRY. to evince the greatness of his power or the depth of his piety. pp. ft. and weight must be about the same.equatorial Africa.* At one Thothmes period of his reign. erected several obelisks. It is the question of the obelisks. which dates from the Twelfth Dynasty. SAMUEL BIRCH'S REMARKS AND TRANSLATION OP THE HIEROGLYPHS. and the London obelisk are considered twins.6Y8cubicft. 186 tons. includshaft) Whole ing pedestal Without pedestal (only tha Base lines of the shaft 96 68 8 5 ft. in. With the series of obelisks of Thothmes III. Heliopolis was one of the great cities of Egj'pt. 4 Mass or volume. founded at the Eleventh Dynasty. and divided the honors of a capital with the older Memphis. 11 3 in. rose to be the capital of the Eighteenth Dynasty and those immediately succeeding. As this DR." March amd 353. probably toward the close. and Thebes. as a long and exhaustive essay on those monu- citj par excellence of obelisks.

port. and Savary had visited them but the traveler. with Greek ciphers. Sandys. 29 was removed to England in 187Y. so far as they can be made out. and verd-antique. 30. J. the obelisks of Alexandria had and travelers. contained work of Mr. as the Arab Edrizi had done . from the construction of the pavement. This appears from the inscription. who best described them. also. Le Brun. concave dial. Le Maire. and. and presented in 1852 by Mr. but not perfectly recognized. in the middle of the twelfth century in the seventeenth century Bremond and Monconys. however. W. four of which supported it upon its base. but in the reign of Augustus. Heyman. Dominique Jauna. . who gave a minute desci-iption. Dixon show. Cooper on obelisks. by the Baron de Tott. popularly attributed to Cleopatra. as well as a translation of the four sides of the obelisk. an edifice erected by the Ptolemies. some account of it will not fallen one The erected on the be inappropriate. Dixon on the bronze crab or scorpion. not erected by Cleopatra. Thevenot. and called her needles. made of marble. the Baron de Tott. not earlier than Augustus. Kadzivil. The obelisks. At the commencement of the eighteenth century.THE OBELISK AND EEEEMA SONET. which will contain little some addition to that of M.C. were. or the palace of Caesar. and an account of it was given in the Athenseum of that year. R. year B. They existed then amid the ruins of an edifice. supposed to be either the palace of Alexander. B. Evesham. They had been already seen. reckoning the first Egyptian regnal which Cleopatra died. The four sides of the obelisk nearly faced to the points of the compass. the lines discovered by Mr. and Embankment. found by Mr. was Norden. As the obelisk formerlyerect is on its way to America. and Pietro de la Valle mention these obelisks. seventh year. Chabas. Pococke. placed under the erect obelisk. Paul Lucas saw these obelisks. granite. in A . During the sixteenth century Pierre du Balon. that they had been used as gnomons. was found at the base of one of the Alexandrian obelisks. Van Egmont.C. in his 24-23. attracted the notice of students in the Since the revival of learning.

Tahutimes (Thothmes). were added by Eameses II. crowned in the city of Western Thebes. are two sides.. a form of Horus.30 THE OBELISK AWD EEEEMASONET. and when upright." pi. the son of the Sun. seated on a throne.]. Above their heads is " Haremakhu [Harmachis. represented on a pylon or pedestal. in the "Description de I'Egypte." and in the area is " makes a gift of wine. the lord of the two countries. holding a dog-headed sceptre in his right hand and an emblem of life in his left. and the monument may have been left unfinished at the death of Thothmes III. those to on each side up the obelisk at the right and left. The pyramidion on the first side has the following repreScott Tucker to the British sentation : On the right side is Thothmes III. which are turned toward the most destroyed by sea-air. wearing a disk. of the nineteenth dynasty." Before him is the god Ra. he holds a jar of wine. Museum. and completed long after by his successor. the central one being that of Thothmes Heliopolis. or the sun on the horizon].. the same as forms In both hands the so-called standard. lii. biit how or when does not appear probably they were placed upon it before it was erected. facing to the right. the Mediterranean. and the inscription on the pedestal calls him " the powerful bull. is that supplied in Burton's " Excerpta. hawk-headed." and ChampoUion in his " Monuments.. who first set The side lines. There is some dison the north and west crepancy between the inscriptions It seems that these sides. and has been collated with the others. or the Sun. seated Each side of this obelisk is decorated with three perpen- dicular lines of hieroglyphs. by placing a — ." which is followed by " he [Harmachis] gives all life to the good god. lord of the heaven. Ha faces to the left hand. as given by l^orden and others." as a sphinx. III. the great god.. the supposed Sesostris. The inscriptions on the more perfect sides have been repeatedly published by Kircher." The most complete copy. Menkheper-ra [Thothmes III. or the lateral lines may have been placed on the monument long after its erection. which gives the four sides. Helios. however.

)ffi1i( ) UDimczy The Hieroglyphs on the four sides of the New York iFrom Champollion.7 o CZJifflJCD < ^37 rmmmm CDjrmczi Obelisk.') .I HiiiiimniH IliWlilif yi im^ r m: m teii!. W- ^ o pi s o 1 ^z:? rlj ^:.


stability. son of the Sun. knowing what should be. the son of he has caused him to be born. scaffolding 31 around it. Usermara. son of the Sun. glory of Tum. that he should make his dominion extend as the Sun for ages. as extensive as the Sun's in heaven. apEa]. Tum. beloved of Amen.]. approved of the Sun. ap[II. They [the gods] made him a great abode in their own beauty. son of Kheper [a form of king of Upper and Lower Egypt. whose kingdom is in "Western Thebes. The Horus. Men-kheper-ra [Thothmes III. approved of the Sun. Right line. the powerful bull.]. the lord of Heliopolis. lord of the two of proved of the Sun. In this inscription. greatest of the powerful. the proved of the Sun. Usermara. holding the two countries.]. crowned the lord of diadems. Central line.THE OBELISK AND TEEEMASONET.]. the lord of the two Usermara. giver of all life. beloved of Amen. The Horus. to be the sole lord. Ramessu Usermara. giver of life. like the Sun. he coimtries. beloved of Ea. Left line. as in the others. like the Sun for ever. Ramessu [II. Ramessu [II. the powerful bull. his race. the Sun produced by the gods. the golden hawk." words of each There are . king of Upper and Lower 'Egj'pt. and his circle of the gods. like the disk of the sun gleaming countries. the great god. from the horizon. Tahutimes [Thothmes III. glory of Tum.]. beloved Amen. on which the masons stood and worked. like the Sim. beloved of Tum. the king of Upper and Lower Egypt. the line read. has proceeded from the body [of the Sun] to take the diadems. " last Giver of eternal life. The Horus. the beautiful youth much beloved. and power. son of the Sun. rich in years. the powerful bull.

Men- kheper-ra. health. son of Tatanen. taking the like the Sun. son of the Sun. The Horus. Rabeloved of Amen. the mighty bull. The Horus. . delighting in power. lord immortal.]. Thothmes [III. beloved of Amen. TJasarkan store it. the lord of diadems.]. Ptah Tatanen. son of the Sun. as his father. This Upper and Lower Egypt. chastiser of foreign lands. Kherp-kheper-ra. son of the Sun. in every land. Left line. like the jSrst. [I. has Central line. At least. the Sun produced him to make festivals in Annu [the Heliopolis] to supply the temples. approved of the Sun. like the Sun. and strength. approved of the Sun. The mighty bull. taking them. his scimitar victorious by the power of his hands. " King of Kameses II. torious Ramessu [II. Usermara. the golden hawk. Eamessu [II. the lord of the messu whole of every two countries. beloved of Amen.]. rejoicing in the loved of the Sun. lines at the base. Usermara. all health and life. striker of the rulers of foreign lands. he produced him lord of the two countries. Sight line. beUpper and Lower Egypt. of Egypt." or else of Seti II. the monarch vic- by his hands [II. Ea [the Sun] has ordered him power over all lands. king of crown of Upper Egypt.]. in smaller characters. ruler of Egypt. lord of festivals of thirty years. Eamessu [II.: 33 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONEY.]. so I re- The second side. giver of like the Sun. son of the Sun. the king of Upper and Lower Egypt. like his father. beloved of Truth. king of Upper and Lower Egypt. land. son of the Sun.]. enlarging the frontiers life. titles of two horizontal side has. life. beloved of Amen. the son of the Sun.

the king of Upper and Lower Egypt. " The good god. The Horus." .. son of the Sun. " Turn. Usei-mara. son of the Sun. . Turn. The Horus.]. to the right on a pylon on the left. son [of the Sun." Sun. Sun produced by the gods holding the world. rich in years. beloved of Ka... There Third is 33 on this side " Kherp-kheper-ra. approved of the Sun. Zeft line. titles of Thothmes III.] . done for the first time in . Kamessu beloved of Amen . lord of two countries.. he has set up his memorial before Atum. . the Sun. ruler of Heliopolis. over the king. the mighty bull.]. embellishing with the beauties of the disk of the Sun Heliopolis.. as before. Above their heads. never was done the like . giver of hfe. Right line... Heliopolis. The fourth side is also much mutilated. has adorned the house of the Sun [Ra]. greatest of the powerful. III. Central line. great god.. lord of heaven " and again. lord of the two coimtries. at the base here. In the area is "• gives a gift " of wine or milk. lilie Eamessu beloved of Amen. son of the Sun.. Usermara. the mighty bull..]. pyramidion as before. Thothmes . beloved of Amen].THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET.. holding sceptre and life on the pedestal of sphinx. The Horus. king of Upper and Lower Egypt. as a sphinx. beloved . [II. 3 the same pre- . Kamessu [II. king of Upper and Lower Egypt. [II. There nomen of Uasarkan I. Uasarkan side. son of Ka [the Sun]. Usermara.. seated on a throne.] beloved of Amen.. Men-kheper-ra [Thothmes III. approved of the Sun. lord of Ileliopolis. Eamessu II. the golden hawk. crowned in the Thebaid. is At the base two lines as before. approved of the [I. the mighty bull.

king Upper and Lower Egypt. Kamessu in is . as BlECH... since it was young And raised its head. It was rose-tiuted. time-lionored III. like his father Ptah. it is gray at last. son of the Sun.. lord of the two countries [Usermara. at . beloved of Amen . lord of [or Tatanen]. illegible. and far its shadows flung. TJsermara. The Horus. The blushing color of its youth has passed. son of the Sun.. . . lord of festivals of thirty years. approved of the Sun.... Wieu first When art was in its cradle all was done By strength of men—^^and yet great ends were won. beloTed of the Sun. And. . Ceni/ral Une. The shaft up-pointing to the sun. Userma]ra. the Sun. THE OBELISK. beloved of Amen].... . II.— 34 THE OBELISK AKD EEEEMASONEY. beloved . Men-kheper-ra . Amen...]. Truth of the mighty bull. Left line.. we read . the base two lines.. brought from far Syene But it has faded.. KING OF EGYPT. Usermara.. all . star of the Ramessu two worlds [11. Uke its betters.. approved of the Sun . god house of gods. Four thousand years have passed. Eamessu II. monument was bom mechanic lights began to dawn As meant to show an early simple creed " Sun worship " was the order of that day And time was marked. titles Eound before. Almost wholly . with of Eameses S. as though bom of men . of The Horus. son of . BEECTBD BY THOTHMES This old. approved of the Sun.. what beloved of Amen. like the Sun. [ son of the Sun.. beloved of Truth. the mighty bull. Right line. Eamessu. [II. where shadows round it lay. .. : .]... sun done lord of the two worlds. .

For great Augustus moved it to the sea. shows that opened page. . — May For s6ft south winds along its passage play are free. — — was twin-bom its brother shaft now stands Upon the banks of Thames to kindred lands To young America this takes its way. Whirling its fire-brands in the startled air. called it a holy one . proclaimed The glories for which Egypt had been famed. Such times have all passed by upon the strand It now lies prone bound for a foreign land. It . of the past. But it evokes a pause —Time's rushing speed. . Telling the pride of kings. graceful. the And nothing further Baised by a king. Looks like one ring of light events were there That fashioned after times It witnessed all Bleared tales of olden times it will recall — : By its rude beauty hieroglyphics. the first time. traced Upon its surface. The pride of a commercial port to be. . tapering height and fair in Egypt's sunny light No poem ever penned could e'er display its Such strange adventures as have marked At first it graced the "city of the sun. This granite 35 poem is too long to read . Men worshiped it. And. " After a time a higher place it way : won . when grown old.— . It stood before their Temple it. Stood tall its name and age. years leave undefaced. — — THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOWRY. a people who . of the Sun. It yet may grace fair places —and may see.

and Mrs. It may not have been exactly the same. but analogous. and Mi-s. ( Osymandlas) and his son. THE BELZONI MANUSCRIPTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF FREEMASONRY. emblems. and wi-ote about ancient Egyptian Masonry as they saw it on the walls and monuments. constructed by Pharaoh Seti I. The descriptions that accompany the illustrations are opinions Mr. Belzoni formed during and after their sojoui-n in Egj^t. said. and little or nothing was known of hieroglyphic deciphering till about 1825. their ideas can hardly agree with Egyptology of 1880. The united Brethren . we shall endeavor to endorse these Masonic tokens by what Mr. and Consul-General Farman. FREEMASONRY OLDER THAN OBELISKS AND PYRAMIDS. As Egyptology was in its infancy. Belzoni thought. the nal Stability. as may be realized by these colored and plain illustrations. representing initiations on the walls of the different Mystery Chambers in the splendid rock-excavated Masonic Temple. discovered thereon by Commander Gorringe. DEDICATED TO THE MASONIC BRETHREN UNIVERSALLY. Wisdom was never more exemplified than when it adopted Form of the sublime Archimachined on the firm basis of Eterimiversally will adopt. Grand Master Zola. and symbols. Kameses II. I hope.CHAPTER Aftee giving lisk n. (Sesostris). the Pyramidic and Triangular tecture of the Heavens. these details concerning the Thothinei obe- and the Masonic signs.



The second drawing represents the triangular Masonic Apron. Cain and his families had ruled with a despotic power over the numerous families of the passive Adam. and establish a jubilee commemorate the restoration of that event by casting into the flames the present aprons of the unmeaning form to of Saint Crispin. of evils. original 37 form of tlie Masonic Aprons. with of a brother. son of their hopes. Masonic signs and signals originated in the tion that took place in the family of first separa- Adam. with all its train race. and it translated * The cartouche in the apron of the Pharaoh in this plate has been Rameses II.* united with the Apron of Serpents. 48.] . and not Osiris [see p. afflic- destroyed by his brother. King of Egypt. The Elders and Chiefs had been long looking forward for a propitious moment to overthrow the tyrannic power to which they had so long The moment in the so anxiously been subjected. in fulfilment whom tion. they looked for the of the promise. also see colored apron.. holding in his right hand the grand Masonic emblem and grade obtained. Masonic communication with one of that order. the chiefs of the families. representing the head of the in Ibis The —an excellent mode of mystifying. —a dreadful precedent for the unruly No man felt himself secure from the jealous vengeance Councils were held by was decided that Cain. into the hearts of the human A horrible crime had been committed and rebellious spirits. hoped for arrived but too soon alas ! murder of Abel — Abel. The King last is in- vested with the triangular Masonic Apron.THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONKY. the first-born son of their From that period discord entered. Suspicion lurked in each eye. plate represents Pharaoh Ousirei. whose head is covered with a mask. From the beginning.

stuifed. and in whose family the priestly and monarchical characters were afterward rite animals. established for the general protection. to be either carried before them or planted in their encampment.. Likewise. should separate at a certain distance Well might the afflicted fratricide exclaim. were the very first inventions of necessity. forfeited by the murder of Abel. Civil and religious laws.' 38 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONEY. . And it was enacted that disobedience to those laws and regulations was to be punished by death. for a a standard or greater security and brotherly love. From that catastrophe originated the first civil and moral laws. ' ! his families. the heads and chiefs sacred among themselves. or that of Seth. blended. who was invested with universal sovereignty. Independent of the general invented private signs. and to whom was given the birthright of Cain. It was a fearful and momentous epoch to the family of Adam. and must have been their perplexity to invent and arrange and signals that the direct descent of each family from Adam might be known to the others in their great a code of signs future wanderings over the globe. Consultations were held among the chiefs. standards and banners. and many things of serious import to the human race were to be arranged previous to the first separation. as religion increased. The serpent was the grand standard. attached to the family of Abel. as a distinctive attribute. each tribe was invested with banners. representing certain favo- and erected on a tree. My punishment is greater than I can bear The murder of Abel was followed by many important events and inventions of necessity. etc. and establish themselves from that of Adam. was In the course of time. signs and signals. signals. birds. the serpent sanctified and adopted as the armorial and sacred em- blematic banner of the monarchic and priestly government united.

The king is never represented in this apron alone. tablished The Triangular Apron etc. to be traced in the tombs of that wonderful race. I consider as a royal order of the its construction. emblematic of the evil spirit.tal event. represented by or on their banners. was the mystic emblem of the tribes of the hitman race. that beguiled our fair mother Eve. spreads its refulgent rays of Divine heat and light over the globe. emblazoned in the corner. astronomic. and emblematic. whose Lodge was in the sacred recesses of a royal tomb a solemn — . 39' The mark set upon Cain and his tribes by which they were to be known to their brethren was. Freemasonry commenced from the Creation. The Masonic Apron originated from the covering or apron of fig-leaves. united with other devices. which was dedicated as a memorial to commemorate that fa. THE EOYAL EGYPTIAN MASONIC APEONS. no doubt.THE OBELISK AND FEEBMASONET. and was the first and descended from Seth Ilam and to the kings of Egypt. The Apron of Serpents is worn alone on State affairs. adopted by Adam and Eve after the fall. The serpent. and spread universally over the known parts of the globe. The Triangular and Serpent Aprons are exclusively The two aprons appear to have been worn together only on grand Masonic meetings of the hierarchy. to commemorate the occasion for royal. emblem of the Royal Dynasty and symbol of the fall. The sun. It is accompanied always with the Mystic Apron of Serpents. and was esby the family of Seth. under the guise of the serpent. The serpent has ever been held Grand Mystic Emblem of Paradise hieroglyphic emblematic device. pyramid. particularly the Mystic Apron of Serpents. The triangular form of the Royal Egyptian Masonic Apron is Masonic. to the families of by the ancients as the Lost.

denounced on the ful transgression of the unborn pair. etc. by the wilto A finer emblem could not have been adopted com- memorate that mystic and awful event entailed on their posterity until the final conflagration. at the epoch of the above tomb. This tomb was the largest and the last of the tombs discovered by the sacrificed traveler. Freemasonry in the earlier ages was very different from what is now denominated by that appellation. Masonry may be traced parts of the globe. . Let the Masonic brethren search. Giovani Batista Belzoni. UPPER EGYPT. Tombs. Babel. progressively. inventions. human race type of that death. there apI. in the Pyramids. THE TOMB* OF PHARAOH OUSIREI.40 THE OBELISK AKD FEEEMASONRY. as going through the ceremonies of initiation into the sublime mysteries of Masonry. King of Egypt. and. as they took place after the Creation. IN THE VAL BE-BAN EL MALOOK. from which originated the ventions. FROM HISTORIC RECORDS SIXTEEN HUNDRED TEARS BEFORE OIJB EPOCH. and in the Solemn Groves of the Druids. From hieroglyphic drawings in the said tomb. had attained a grandeur and sublimity unknown in Europe. blended and united with emblems of discoveries. Pharaoh Ousirei. * Rather Masonic Temple of Pharaohs Seti and Rameses II. that the Egyptian Masonic Key will unlock the hitherto unrevealed mysteries of Egyptian wisdom. and in the very Idols of Mexico. KING OF EGYPT. THEBES. Masonrj'^ shall be traced wherever man is found. in all mythology to the remotest In the Temples of the Sun and Moon. is represented in the greater part of this tomb. The above tomb was dedicated and sciences to the Masonic Mysteries. in 1818. and they will find. with many fabulous in- which mythology teems. Stonehenge. in general.

etc. Plate first represents the king. blended with the name of the king's dynasty.. pear to be represented three distinct epochs in the the young king. emblem of royalty. with an ostrich feather in each claw. offerings. with of Serpents. Plate third: The Eoyal Name. the name orna* See the translation of these hieroglyphs. I now introduce and being accepted by my young king. the Mystic bol of the Apron fall. The spread eagle above. receiving in- structions from the hierarchy in the science and secret art of governing. BELZONI'S ATLAS. f) Plate second : The Arms of the Nation. estab- lished.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONEY. holding forth the Grand Emblem of Masonry. seated on his throne. . and sym- A sceptre in his hand and incense burning before him. on his accession to the kingdom. which forms the three eagles. etc. Grades in Masonry. life 41 of First. with winged supporters on each side. holding the Grand Emblem. in all his royal prerogatives. 50. I hope. an eagle at each side as supporters. with armorial bearings. we behold him going throngh certain forms and ceremonies. p. The first four hieroglyphics Masonic* at the back of the eagles are A. Having passed his inauguration the sacred order.

That females were permitted to assist in certain outward forms and ceremonies. seated on a throne of state. feathers.: 42 THE OBELISK AKD FREEMASOWRY. grade. supported on a platform around the base Plate fourth : : . represented in a Temple. she holds the key without the knowledge of its mysterious virtues. are the over it." In the above Temple the king is presented to the High Grand Master by one of that order his head covered witJi a mask representing the head of a hawk. j)7^ocessio7is. p. Yoimg : The sacred Father of the protecting powers "Living. 46. emblems of stability. a Serpent attached to it. unalterable. rank. power. etc.. reigning. sonic Key. Plate nineteenth * The High Priest.. surmounted by winged globes. and receives the last and highest grade in Masonry. denoting his descent. etc. on splen- Passing certain Mystic Grades. and order. or High Grand Master. A beautiful emblematic border of serpents and globes crowns the whole. with his right hand griping the right shoulder of the king. according to " is accompanied by the following in- Dr. holding in his left the Ma. Grand Master. having gone through the whole of the Mystic Science. . emblematic of its direful influence of the platform. etc. we pass with His Majesty into the Masonic Hall of Beauties where BLis Majesty is accompanied by the Masonic Order. etc. The Winged Globe scription. The Female at the side of the Grand Master is one be- longing to the hierarchy. is clearly evident. * See Plate 19. The king. figures kneeling mented with globes and did cushions. Masonic hieroglyphics. ministering.. etc..

THE MASONIC KEY. The king is then divested of the Triangular vrliUe presenting the offer- and Serpent Aprons. \ Assyriology p. and generally of the same family. The two occupations of hunter and shepherd were from the beginning inseparable. . In the same hall the king is represented in the act of offering costly vases of perfumed ointments to the female aristocracy. etc. and Cuneiform translations are rendering ttese speoula- tions more probable. the royal and mighty hunter. 50. ON THE ORIGIN OF THE LEVEL AND PERPENDICULAR. of the ut- most consequence to the nations round about for to them all were tributary. Esau was a hunter and Jacob a shepherd.* 43 In this hall the king is invested with the Triangular Masonic Apron. From its discovery proceeded the word Freemason. ings to the females. who with his vast had long been masters of the Land of Shinar. united with the royal herdsman Asshur and his tribes in the tribes. their occupations rendered them . The Level w^as first -j- employed in the erection of Babylon. The protection of the hunters was necessary to guard the strongest bonds of fi'iendship. The confederate princes and sheiks of the unsettled tribes and nations had long contemplated the necessity of a * See translation. Nimi'od. \mknown until some time after the dispersion at Babel.THE OBELISK AND EKEEMASONRY. flocks against beasts of prey. there assembled to honor the occasion. Kimrod and Asshur appear from Scripture authority to have been two of the most powerful princes among the unsettled nations .

descent and attributes of each of the nations there assembled agreeing nation assembled there for the express purpose of a general dispersion of the vast multitudes of the younger branches of the family of Noah. us make us a whole earth. A few of the chiefs entered into a conspiracy in order to obtain the knowledge of the level and perpendicular. Babylon was finished.44 THE OBELISK AND EREEMASOWRT. after separating. where councils were to be held among the rulers to take into serious consideration the arrangement of the separation and dispersion." A chiefs of the nations with IS^imrod convention had been entered into by the heads and and Asshur. with the aid of the level and the perpendicular. but deferred it until the Tower of Babel . assist in erecting a monument. because and this is what disfirst view of the Pyramids. beasts of burden. as a record to fiiture generations. cattle. appoints the travelers at the caused a great sensation among the rulers of the nations. before them that. which cannot appear very high. etc. " Let us build us a city and a tower whose top may reach unto heaven . The governments on their part to asthe kingdom of Babylon and Assyria for sist in founding And it was decreed among Nimrod and Asshur. that the united nations should by degrees assemble and encamp on the plains of Shinar for an indefinite period. they should. " as the lands could not contain the miiltittide. The wonderful rapidity with which the kingdoms had been raised. etc. general separation and dispersion over the whole globe. Nimrod and Asshur undertook to supply the nations with provisions. who were each anxious to obtain this invaluable secret. had its height is lost in the great expanse ." let name lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the These words alone prove that the plan for building the tower was that of the perpendicular instead of the pyramidal and tent form. Every stratagem had hitherto been practised to discover it without effect. on a scale of gigantic height. and to commemorate the name.

fled.THE OBELISK AND PKEEMASONEY. some threatened mishorrors. etc. None but those forming the conspiracy were aware that of chief what was intended. 45 should have attained a certain height. and all were anxious to evince their alas ! zeal in this brotherly undertaking. where such talents were sure to be received with royal And to the confusion first which took place at Babel are we indebted for the perpendicular temples in Egypt. denominated Koyal Freemasons. initiate kept a retinne of workers l^one were permitted to build who were not of They traveled in royal style. " trifles light as air " began all felt to assume a form of hos- tility. and each nation strength. All had gone on in perfect harmony. in architecture when the royal and noble associates and the discoverers of the greatest discovery ever made in science namely. its and power to that Signs and signals were invented. which had taken many years to arrange in regular order for the separation. in order to retain their secret and their lives. that society. yet was at hand. ' They honors. when they would suspend their work. The drawings ia the tomb of Pharaoh Ousirei prove . when. who were initiated into the secret of the perpendicular. Jealousy broke forth in all its and all was anarchy and confusion that destroyed the well-laid plans. so that the initiated were known Those associations were to each other in aU lands. they visited added fraternity. to prevent the monster jealousy from inter- fering with their grand secret. to the nations established by Miz- raim. they consulted with the royal and noble of each nation. the level and perpendicular mode of building were obliged to flee from the — — fury of malignant jealousy. The noble and in order associates had bought their experience dearly. Each royal and noble of his own. from which consultaMon a society was formed of the most learned men. no doubt. stability.

— 46 THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONKY. Bhtjssbls." Euripides Bacchce^ 73. from the creation and after the confusion that Freemasonry. tlessed is he that witnesseth the initiation of the deities veneratetk the soiixce of life. : .. Oct. for he of Belzoni's Atlas. of Babel. 1843. "O happy. Saeah Belzoni. that The Belzoni manuscripts say so little about the 19th Plate we cannot help giving it here by it- . was perfectly conservative.

there were similar. self 47 and saying. eyes. indicate anything but There is nothing humble. about four thousand years ago. look at the attitudes of this group of and no Mason can Grand Master. where the candidate comes before the Grand Master is so well known to Masons that it needs no explanation. where applicants were initiated as Oriental and Occidental Masonic orders initiate now. and faces of the individuals. little differing from those we give in this epitome. Guide. Candidate. In vain will some Masons say these performances belonged to Egyptian religious mysteries. in the land of the Pharaohs. No one but such as have not attentively looked at them will talk of religious rites and ceremonies. with raised hands. last one. religion or devotion. . Bekoni. if there are Masonic institutions now. The The four or five initiatory groupings in the preceding ninth and tenth mystery chambers seem to indicate no religion.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONEY. The position of the hands of the Grand Master here. or prayerful in their countenances or in their postures. and symbols around them. the right hand of the guide and candidate. emblems. and that modern Freemasonry had its prototype in the Masonic Temple of Seti I. may realize that the groupings and their surroundings were purely Masonic. or come and look over the series presented to us by Mrs. that it speaks for itself. Throughout the thirteen highly ornamented mystery chambers of the Seti and Kameses temple are nine different initiations. without realizing that. as weU as the postui-e of the assistant. Any brother who will take the trouble to go and see the beautiful illustrations of Belzoni's discoveries at the Astor Library. the signs. devotional. if not identical ones. and Assistant. and Eameses II. The attitudes. look like an initiation to some Masonic degree.

Out of these monosyllabic words subsequent dialects and languages have made Mameses. French. that phonetically the three hieroglyphs. or Menephtah. we add the following data As so much The three hieroglyphs in the cartouche of Eameses' Ma- sonic Apron had ever attracted our occasion to de- attention. chosen or elect. since Mr. and Pierret. consonants are bricks. god of the Sun \ Ma. sounded in ancient cipher them.. we found in the recent works of Mariette. has been discovered in Egypt. sulting English. Now is the While conand German authorities on the subject. . goddess of Truth and Justice % 8etp. Chabas. Belzoni conceived and wrote the preceding pages. Egyptian Ba* Ma. . and vowels mortar . *Ra.X meant." Lepsius." The first time we showed this cartouche to the veteran Egyptologist. Thus. hence. in his treatise on Abydos. if possible. etc.— : CHAPTEE in. and translated from hieroglyphs. Seyffarth. explains this discrepancy when he tells us that Eameses II.\ Setj). and Mrs. and contemplate them with astonishment. Seti I. . which clearly shows that vowel sounds change. " The chosen of the Sun and Truth. whereas consonant sounds remain. The second time he saw it he pronounced it the titular name of Osymandias. "Many thousand pilgrims of aU nations.. only bore a part of the titular name during the life of his father. will sncceed us—ascend these pyramids. which seemed a contradiction but Mariette. the ancients only wrote the consonants. he said it was the titular name of Eameses the Great. .



called 49 titular Osymandias by the Greeks. " Chosen of the Sv/n father. and his Osymandias. in the best land.: THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. Hebrew. in this connection. and other Egyptologists. corroborates Mariette. Chabas." : : As to the site of this famous treasure-city. the Seventy. Jerome. Greek. Israelites. 47 11 " Joseph placed his father and brethren. they did set over them task-masters to aiSict them with their burdens. S." p. . and Chabas says it was Pektsium. reach us from and through ancient Egyptian or Coptic. besides children. Ex. 1 11 " Therefore. with the three consonants. The veteran Egyptologist Seyffarth agrees with me. or was some Pharaoh called after this best land in Egypt ? [Note. translated it from Egyptian. Thus did Rameses. land. and St. who jointly reigned over fifty years. that it the third hieroglyph has not been clearly copied. and they built for Pharaoh treasure-cities Pithom and Raamses. M. as Pharaoh had commanded. Ex. Gen. and Latin. and gave them a possession in the land of Egj'pt. but. we realize that Eameses the Great. 227. but must mean chosen. in the laml of Rameses. bore the same titular name. phonetically and literally. and Pierret. Brugsch. as to the titular name of Pameses II. and Setp. E. elect. in the land of Rameses. 12 37 " The children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. into which Moses. about six hundred thousand : : on foot that were men. it was Ha-Mafrom which was formed Rameses. in his " Ilistoire Ancienne des Peuples de I'Orient. given them by Joseph. Ma . Hence. and only assumed the full name after Seti's death. meaning. Num. Maspero. Brugsch thinks it was Tanis. styled Sesostris by the Greeks. tell Cha- bas. The word Rameses came to us as the name of a and as the name of a city for we read in the Mosaic account. 33 4 : 3-5 ." Was this land called after some Pharaoh." Moses gives this event more detailed. us it was built by the under taskmasters. Again we read. the very frame of the ancient Egyptian name. or heloved. : : — Next we find.

but these hieroglj'phs cannot be properly translated. I went to the venerable octogenarian Egyptol- ogist. on the day of the first month on the morrow after the . and pitched in Succoth. the sense here . in order to translate them. Hence. sick. On my way home I thought of the connections. the third hrain. who issued a decree forbidding his officials to give the make bricks.50 " THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASOKKT." Kecent hieroglyphic translations concerning prisoners under taskmasters during the reign of Eameses II. who was in which connection it left. atlas. and their exodus. may prisoners straw to yet furnish clear data concerning the Israelites. to ask him for his hieroglyphic key. showed it me the hieroglyph on the right. I asked whether atlas here means ancient Mount Atlas. their meaning is sGej>tre. *Tlie Egyptians. has awakened discussion among Egj'ptologists and commentators. unless they stand in the original connection. Passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.ji/rmare (establish) would probably render . " An d the children of Israel removed from Sameses. to Prince Rameses. . He observed 'L&tva. 41. He Idndly got his key. and the fourth side. that it was part of a charge or address to succeed his father. fifteenth They departed from Barneses in the first month. Then he turned to the second. wrote and read from right to omitting vowels. and ruins. Hieroglyphic translations. (Sesostris). I told him then atlas here must rather have a symbolic sense. Seti I. like most Oriental races. and came to the conclusion they were usfed. h'ain. and bricks having been found lately in the country where the Israelites dwelt. tion in Egypt. monuments.. p. theii' posi- Concerning the four hieroglyphs in the Belzoni manuscripts. to which he answered no but it signifies atlas in the spine. Seyffarth. where Next we talked about the hieroglyphs in the cartouche of the Rameses apron. saying it signifies atlas.* and said means sceptre.

some male wA female principle and others call them^ositime and negatime. etc. and means o ram^intellect. Some of our scientists style these principles Cosmic forces . g. we may consider it as transIt seems to have been a ma of royalty iiL-Egypt> lated. and India. rationally means." or.. Egypt.] . especially since the power of magnetism and eledn-ioity has become better known. better. " The sceptre addles the hravnP Another. 51 "The sceptre establishes or renders the brain sick.. which the ancients A perceived in the ever reproductive principles of Nature. As it occurs among the four just translated. 43. symbol of immortality. It is called It was considered as a "crux^ cmsaia" and Tcm^ It was~a" symbol in Assyria. is called Masonic Tc&u. p.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. . It is also a symborinii^LMasonie^dez. hieroglyph in the Belzoni MS.e^j_ It has a deep esoteric meaning.

% Perhaps of the race of 2ku9oi. Germany (Tacitus may have Ann. ' — * Maspero tells us (pp. 231 and 232) the translation into French is from the Papyrus Eaif ^ and Sallier by M. Prof. Maspero knows about the version of Pentaour by Goodwin and Lushington. called Pentaour. Oetm. Assyria. a city on the river Orontes. and Palestine. He was alone. is the earliest epic poem extant. founder of the magnificent rock-excavated Masonic Temple. It seems Rameses II. which we cannot help translating here from " Ilistoire Ancienne des Peuples de rOrient" (pp.. No doubt. having thus advanced within sight of those who were behind himself. B. in Syria. ScytlicB. Maspero. of Pedasa.CHAPTER IV. Connected with Pharaoh Eameses II.t where the Kheta % and their numerous Asiatic allies lay in ambush for the youthful Egyptian king. This poem is inscribed on the walls of the Temple of Karnak in hieroglyphs. Herod (B. (Sesostris). : 7) may have been of the same stock . Asia Minor. been Homer's Keteioi. EPIC ON THE BATTLE OF KADESH. called Pentaour. according to ruled twenty-eight years.. Phenicia. where a city was called after them ScythopoHs. and where. f Kadesh or Kades. PENTAOUR. penetrated the ranks of the perverse Kheta. who composed this ancient epic on the Battle of Kadesh. Media. 6 and 7 B. no other with him. who. of Egyptology in the College of France. had a Poet Laureate. so . SoytJiiang. of Mysia. de Eoug6. 227-232). IV. Syria. surrounded by his opponents. Armenia. they Also the Khatti of Assyria and the KatU of .. I.* Prof.. 1856. of the Egyptian Language and Archeology in the College of France. II. who dwelled in Asiatic and European Soythia. 106). by G. in the midst of all the warriors of the perverse Kheta and the numerous nations who accompanied them the people of Aradus.

Each of united. and I am alone. my Father. unknown to me. and I am worth more than thy designs ! . "Who art Thou. a miserable fate awaits any one. Ammon listens to my invocation he gives me his hand. . O Ammon.. all nations are united against me. . THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASOIirEY. then ? O my Father. thy Kameses Meiamun I am with thee. enervate those infidels. I utter a cry of joy. and they were The Pharaonic poet thus : describes the deeds of his youthful hero offieer of no general. years . Have I not made ? innumerable offerings to thee ? I filled thy sacred temples with prisoners I built to thee a temple for millions of thee . than a myriad of brothers or young sons. I accomplished these things by the counsel from thy mouth. and not one has remained to fight near me. I invoke thee. I have given thee . Ammon Does a father forget his son ? Have I ever done anything without thee ? Have I not advanced and stopped at thy command? I have not violated thy ! " No prince was with me the archers or chariots.. their chariots carried three 63 men. all my riches for thy magazines I have offered thee the entire world to enrich thy domain. He is great. My numerous soldiers have abandoned me none of my cavaliers looked toward me when I called them not one of them listened to my voice but I think Ammon is worth more to me than a million of soldiers. Happiness to any one. It is I. the lord of Egypt. no have abandoned me my cavaliers have fled before them. to thee. : ' ! . Ammon Behold me in the midst of numerous nations. My soldiei-s ! orders. father My hand is with thee. than a hundred thousand cavaliers.. even if they were all united together The work of men is nothing Ammon will conquer and cany the day. who overtmrns the barbarians in his way! What are these Asiatics before Ammon. Surely.. . he speaks behind me I hasten to thee. I have rendered glory unto thee to the extremities of the earth " The voice has resomided as far as Hermonthis.. ! ! . no other with me. 1 have not transgressed thy command! Behold. ! who opposes . who knows thee for thy deeds proceed from a heart full of love.

I desire not one shall look behind himself and none shall return he who . and all were vain. man. I am the Lord of strength. " The prince of Kheta. and I was all alone it is Ammon. that sur- round me. etc. They are lying on their faces. : ' is not a . . whom the number of enemies filled vrith fear. and thrust himself into rior it is Baal in person. and find no strength to hold I throw them into the waters as the crocodile their lances. the king pursued them like a griffin Be firm steady your hearts. hundreds of thousands. m his hour. Menna. and I am satisfied. falls shall not rise again. the great war- These are not the deeds of a he repels himdreds of thousands. I thrust myself among them like Month my hand devoured them in an instant I killed and massaThey said to each other This cred in the midst of them. Alone. efforts and recoiled. the other. I am like Baal. and breathe once more the free air. who gave me strength his hand is with me. alone. it is Sutekh. . and fear enervates their Hmbs. triumphant as he appeared. one above falls into them. The two thousand five hundred chariots. man who all is among us. loving valor. struck with terror.' Whoever came to fight him felt his hand grow weaker they could no longer hold either bow or lance. Finally his extricated him. I have found a courageous heart. enemies. I thrust my arrows right and left. without leaders and without soldiers. 54 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRT. Seeing that he had reached the cross-road.. and I kill in the midst of them. know how to throw their darts. Six times I charged through the arrived toward evening and his generals army He assembled and overwhelmed . Not one of them finds a hand to fight the heart fails in their They no longer breast. the thickest of the fight. " He encouraged his charioteer. before them.! . are broken into pieces before my steeds.' " Like unto Month. My win shaU be done. Let us hasten to fiee let us save our lives. felt himself suddenly stopped in the midst of his victory by an invisible power. and overturn the enemies. . . . O my soldiers You see my victory.

when I was alone in the midst of shuddering enemies. The king of the Kheta sued for peace. the Bactrians and Scythians. a. " Ammon came to salute him. Ka-ma-ur-nofre Beautiful exceedingly). 60. I alone Victory of Thebes and Contented ISToura grand horses I found them at hand. was renewed. so tersely described in this heroic poem. and triumphantly returned to Egypt. I returned after a victorious struggle. {Sun Truth battle : and struck with J^ext day the my sword the assembled multitudes." Soon Kameses the Great married the Khetan princess. King of Kheta. II. with the extensive regions" inhabited * Tacitus : Ann. my charioteer. it Eameseum Kamak. when I those whom I found. and the Asiatics were routed. and Ipsambul. I repulsed millions of ' people. 'What will the entire world say. and in their progress subdued the Modes and Persians. who explained the hieroglyphic inscriptions to Germanieus. 55 them with reproaches." ' ! ' — — daughter of Khetasar. under the auspices of that monarch. our beloved son. No wonder the hierophant of Thebes.d.. . 18. when I shall be in my palace for I found ! were my . one of the kings of Egypt. which Rameses granted. was in the midst of my enemies. O Eameses Meiamun The gods gave him infinite periods of eternity on the double throne of his father Atum. when they learn. not an officer of chariots or archer joined his hand to mine ? I fought. B. I shall feed them myself every day. and. said * " That the whole army was called forth into the : field by Mhwmses.. with Menna. and all the nations were thrown under his sandals. saying Come. who accompanied me. and with the oflBcers of my house. The battle. and that Egypt had artists to paint and sculpture her heroes and their deeds. Ethiopia. Behold them. who visited Egypt. which clearly shows that was considered the great event in Egyptian history.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. is grandly illustrated on the pylon and walls of the at Luxor. and were witnesses of the combat. . that you left me alone and without a second ? that not a prince. overran all Libya.

scholars. Sarah. this monarch personally performed war with the Kheta such prodigies of valor may be deemed without example.. Pentaour's heroic essay makes us realize. Amenophis. their neighbors. Homer. " of the great Egyptian empire of Eameses H. of the personal renown of the Egyptian kings and warriors must have passed into the atmosphere of Greece. discovered by Belzoni. some breath. etc.. Was it the echo of these feats of war. etc. humanly speaking. on account of their relation to continental and yet more certainly to insular Greece. . accompanied by his faithful helpmeet. that . some tenuis aura. but conquerors. etc in the fairly Accordas ing to the Pentaour. while writing his " Time and Place of Homer" perceived a point The of comparison between Homer's Achilles and Pentaour's Eameses the Great. that the ancient idolaters on the Nile did not know how to compose prayers. Moreover. or at least Hellas. may. and poets. great statesman and classic scholar." etc. Gladstone. Hence we read. and justly thought the Greek bard must have heard or read of the exploits of the Egyptian Pharaoh. the Armenians. at least. have known something. and considered to approximate to the superhuman. ascribed to the youthful Eameses the Great. that Egypt had not only builders of pyramids and obelisks. lated. whose nine initiations are so artistically illustrated in the rock-excavated subterranean Masonic pal- Here we ace. or of this resoimding celebration of them. and the Nineteenth Dynasty. No pietist can say. to record and sing their apo- shows that the ancient Egyptians and masters in improviswere ing prayers for even their kings were expected to invoke the Deity before going into battle.. When the numerous papyri have been transtheoses. the by the Syrians. p. warriors.. Thothmes. 197. like find the conquests of prior Egyptian Pharaohs. and Cappadocians. it a religiously inclined people.. they will constitute a rich Egyptian literature in all branches. or rather miist.56 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONKT. .

suggested to etc 57 Homer is the colossal scale of his Achilles?" This prelude archeological followed by a classic research full of and linguistic acumen. his mind and his vast power of appropria- but also because of his station as a bard. by reason not solely." . logically " Now. and a cogent dissertation on the Hiad and Odyssey.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. it is Certain. This essay. covering seventyiive concludes highly interesting pages to classic scholars. we may almost say. but certain. nor perhaps mainly. of the activity of tion. not only is it probable that Homer had : personal access to these sources.

" Immediately on entering the tomb the visitor finds himself actually transported into a new world.. and others are precipitated into the flames. in their recldessness. etc Even the gods themselves assume strange forms. that the desecration of one of the most in is valuable monuments of Egypt is the antiquities. of Seti I. the collector and present directeur of the museum at Cairo. Long serpents glide hither and thither round the rooms. all. commonly called Belzoni's all Tomb " This the most magnificent of the tombs of Bab- el-Molouk by its grandeur and the profusion of sculptures with which it is adorned. of the Tomb is . will soon perceive to what sad mutila- has been subjected. work of dealers The fact that the latter. "Well might a visitor feel a kind of horror creeping over him. it eclipses aU others.: CHAPTEE TOMB OF SETI I. as it has evinced whUe on earth. says. etc more correct to say. which it will be called upon to overcome by the aid only of such virtues. or even of the tourists themselves. Bumor attributes these acts of It is vandalism to certain explorers of Egypt. COMMOISTLT CALLED BELZONI'S TOMB. or stand erect against the doorways.^^ p. etc The judgment of the soul after being separated from the body. Some malefactors are being decapitated.. 235. after are simply the proceeds of an irreparable wrong done to science. etc The tions visitor. and the many trials. constitute the subject-matter of the almost endless representations. like to Peehaps our readers would know what Marietta Bey. it however. in his " Monuments of Upper Egypt. V. which cover the tomb from . purchase almost at any price relics which.

" The long texts. knocking in the head. fire. not even excepting the dark deep well within the vast Masonic palace. The serpents standing erect over each portal. 69 the entrance to the extreme end of the last chamber. are the guai'dians of the gates of heaven —the sonl cannot pass unless justified by works of piety and benevolence. through which the candidate has to pass. solitude. Thus the tomb its is only the emblem soul has of the voyage of the soul to eternal abode.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. where . before he can reach the grand " Hall of Becmties. and aU the horrors human ingenuity has been able to devise short of real death. he wanders over the vast regions. To call this a tomb is a misnomer. To consider these attitudes of the Masonic candidate and master as soul and god. are magnificent hymns. water. It would be much more rational to consider these ordeals and horrors as initiatory Masonic trials. in the grand hall at the end of the tomb we are presented at its final admission into that Hf e. must seem strange. let who will religious ceremonies initiatory meetings of candidate . The no sooner to left the body than its we are called it upon from room room to witness progress. these ordeals are at an end he becomes part of the divine essence. but utter darkness. until at last. wherein was found but one real mummy and a beautiful empty alabaster sarcophagus. the stars forever shine. if not grotesque. which a second death shall never reach. that have ever belonged to some of the Masonic initiations. etc When once the dead has been adjudged worthy of life eternal. as a reminder of real death. and even horrors. attendants. and in the intermediate persons. to any Mason who has gone through some of the grand trial grades which include." It is astonishing the 'French savant could see nothing but and performances in the nine distinct and master. displayed over other parts of the walls. and henceforward a pure spirit. as appears before the gods and becomes gradually purified. not only alluring Yenus.'''' where triumph crowns all the pangs and sufferings incident to some of the initiations. darting out venom.

" Monsieur Mariette. are you a Mason ? " to Freemawhich the savant replied. " Chosen of the of the apron translates As the cartouche Sun and Truth. whether in Egypt. An intelligent Mason has but to glance at the attitudes of the Nineteenth Plate in Belzoni's Atlas. who tried to speak lightly about sonry. Tomb of Psammuthis * but Mariette and other called it Egj'ptologists have Tomb of Seti I. India. or Upper Egypt. etc which were all more or less connected in remote ages. and may therefore be No doubt. Psammuthis of the 29th Dynasty reigned but one year at Mendes. the place syUabicallyt Ea-ma-setp (Kameses). and he must realize that the whole scene is a Masonic iaitiation. Assyria. Only the long and glorious rule of sixty years under Osymandias and his son Sesostris (Kameses task. 11. No wonder a ISTew York Herald reporter asked the French savant. Belzoni named . "No. we think should be called: Masonic Temple of Seti I. B. especially initi- when we consider that Death is a requisite in Masonic and that the mummy and sarcophagus were there for that purpose.C. Canaan. figured at all the meetings in that cool and secluded spot as long as he lived. the splendid subterranean palace..C.. . whereas required Egypt's most prosperous period and enterprise. so that we shall be able to throw light on primitive oriental history. THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRT. rendering Egyptian literature ment. of the 26th Dynasty. 603. is. Middle. he wears the Masonic apron. . more and more accessible. Belzoni found but one mummy and an empty temple ations. Cuneiforms are assisting that developf SeyfEarth's syllabic Thus and will be. and during short reigns of one or fifteen years. alabaster sarcophagus . B.) suit such a herculean key for translating hieroglyphs has been. it could not have been accomplished as late as 603 or 379. he styled the Masonic Pharaoh par excellence.60 style it so. and so with those that precede. whether in Lower. * Psammutliis. Arabia. in that elaborately adorned it there is no reason for calling a tomb. for wherever we find a full representation of Kameses the Great. 379." and stopped his raillery. As the work of that colossal excavation must have B. C. reigned fifteen years at Sais. and Barneses II. : (Osymandias).

-< en H n 3 -< o X > CD m 3 .


where Rameses the Great was initiated four milleniums ago ? Thus the Jews. who is so liberally inclined. and deserves to be called " Hall of BeaMies" as it did. when the great explorer. at Thebes. 497). Zola." We consider it incumbent on Freemasonry all over the world to restore that hallowed spot to its pristine design and make it the Mecca of a universal Masonic brotherhood. both having upheld the lamp of art. Fanton. and the Freemasons. who have been persecuted for two thousand years by Gentiles and Christians.^'' 18YT. Grand Master of England. and progress. why should there not be a simultaneous effort to reinstate the brilliant Masonic Temple. ostracized The Duke of Cyprus. the Druses. says (p.* might approach the Khedive on the subject for it seems. it was " coated as usual with a thin film of stucco. who have been by Church and State. Nih. and especially the Brethren of Ishmael. opened it. science. will say As there is now a movement to enable Abraham's long exiled progeny to return to. Grand Orient. and his intrepid helpmeet. speaking of a 61 Amelia B. Belzoni. Thus might the torch of recent civilization be carried into retrograded Asia . having members all over the globe. in the midst of ignorance and superstition. commonly known as Belzoni's Tomb. recently so conspicuous concerning the Masonic emblems on the American obelisk. We have no doubt the present T\he" So mote it le. Grand Master of Egypt. * A powerful order.THE OBELISK AND PREEMASONEY. and Premier Gladstone would back the movement with all the prestige of Great Britain. of Macedonia. could sympathize. except in the tomb of Seti I:. that Belzoni's misnamed tomb looks yet charming. and five millions of Abrahamites." dive. Palestine and restore the Prom: ised Land. and colored with a richness for which I know no parallel. Edwards says. from what Mrs. two of whose three chiefs always reside in the orient. and Dr. We are sure the Prince of Wales. in her " Thousand Miles up tJie temple in Upper Egypt. Parsees. Edwards. . 1818. Rothschild. and one in the Occident.

near Pharaonic Thebes. having Gibraltar. assisted by the ubiquitous EngKsh-speaMng popu- . Cyprus. a liberalized Jewish empire in Palestine. and Aden connected by the Suez Canal. and progressing Japan in the distant orient. lations. and Africa. a universal Masonic Temple. Such are the prospects of Freemasonry and Judaism. linked to Republican America by steam. Malta.62 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONEY. a vast British empire in India.

etc. America she inmy wife and me We went with great pleasure.. perhaps prototypes. were favorite topics with her.CHAPTEE MUMMT. I : frequently conversed with her about her husband's travels She was with Belzoni during his Egyptian and wrote a graphic " Account of the Women of Egypt. but archeologic researches. whose analogues. Among other pleasant recollections of this energetic lady. THE HAOT) OF A As readers may wish to know how. As she had for The evening before om* departure vited to take tea with her. taken a warm interest in the stirring events of 1848. we conversed freely about them. etc.. are found at Elediscoveries. we were the only guests. BEIiZONI MANUSCEIPTS. 1849. She ascended and descended the Nile. and explorations. gazed at the Pyramids. minus the hand. Nubia. I cannot help mentioning the delicate manner. a mummy now in the It is considered as the hand of an Egyptian queen. YI. in which she presented to Brussels me the right hand of Museum. drawings." which is very interesting. and became her medical adviser. She spoke . with their kindred sciences and architecture. in India. and saw the mystic figures and hieroglyphics on the walls of the rock-excavated palaces. Etc.. when. phanta. such as ethnology. and where we obtamed the Belzoni manuscripts. I lived in "Madame Belzoni's " house. showing. and Syria. we state the occasion and circumstances During my sojourn in Brussels. DRAWINGS. the family relations and private life of the Mahometans. arts. as it does.

will you do me the favor to write something on these papers ? gratefully accept : she seized a pen and wrote: "J/j' Unlettered Theory^'' " Madame. she fully enjoyed and appreciated all that was going on in the world. winserved. in a most winning tone of voice " Doctor. when she said. in my power for you." it " Then . Mr." own We took an affectionate leave of one. Gliddon. slie . I have carried about me for twenty-two years in remembrance of my husband and his " Madame. discretion. which gave to her robust and well proportioned frame a healthy and cheerful She was English. but said now she had but one desire." 64 of THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONET." as a " But you just said you will do anyIt is surely in thing in your power for me. I am the last man to deprive you discoveries. which was to visit America. as her countrymen generally do. The interest she took in human affairs had preI saw her. : Madame. . I will and keep it." " As such. ter and summer. what use do you wish me to make of these articles ? " "I give them to you. in order to see Niagara and the Indian Moimds. with its pleasures and disappointments. I will do anything you will accept this hand . accept it your power to memento of me. welfare but she did not think. Thus the evening had passed delightfully. In 1851 or 1852 Parliament voted to " Madame Belsoni'''' ." of so precious a relic. we may infer that she was still young in mind. as it always does. taking out-door exercise. and was stUl willing to perform her part in the great drama. and leave their use to your who had seen the world. and the Central American From such conruins. and earnestly desired her country's look. versation on the part of one nearly three score and ten. described by Squier and Davis. whom . so clearly delineated by Stephens." So I took the hand. that there is nothing worth having out of England. will you do me a favor ? " " Certainly. Yes. Madame. and we were about taking leave. saw in Egypt described her journey through the Holy Land only with a guide how she accompanied her husband during his arduous labors. together with the writings and drawings. saying " Madame. her bodily vigor.

and sure that Belzoni was dead. it was two o'clock. but I saw nothing. parts of it. but even looks and insinuations.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMA SONET. during which she had repeatedly petitioned Parliament for a pension. feeling much agitated. who had sacrificed his life to advance science. The good lady needed this help very much . They not only understood hximan language. " In 1823 I was in Paris I went to bed and fell asleep. I often thought the next appearance in their serial development would be in the shape of bright. that my beloved husband had expired 5 . and to the widow of an Italian. that something must have happened was in Africa. and to enrich the British Museum with rare relics of antiquity. walked all around the bed. that was related to guage Such. but was suddenly awakened by two or three very strong knocks at the head-board of my bed. " Madame Belzoni. so I dressed myself. me by diately flashed to my husband. She was known all over Brussels as intellectual children. in consideration of her husband's services. of bed. I sat down. thinking I perceived a human figure . together with my feelings and impressions.''^ floor of Italian greyhounds. about. a tardy reward to a daughter worthy of England. . Several months after I received the sad news. who buctoo. for she told me she had passed twenty-two years in Brussels. the circumstances under which I awoke." only society at I cannot omit here a striking anecdote. was her lanthis remarkable lady. upon me. and on his way to TimI saw the curtain of my bed move I jumped out . the home were two small most intelligent animals I ever saw. I felt as though something were gliding by me. and looked under it. and underlet the best When Her I became acquainted with her she lived a house near the '^Boulevard de on the upper Waterloo. It imme: . The moon was shining very bright I searched the room. I looked I did not feel like going at my watch. To sup- port herself she hired a large house. 65 an annnal pension of one hundred pounds sterling. wrote the day and hour. to sleep again.

some curious and interand drawings. dated 1829. had I shall never forget Among the papers Madame Belzoni gave me is a prospec- tus. occurred Twenty-six years have elapsed since that as vividly as if it it. etc. before he became king of England in 1830. that would be foreign to obelisks and Freemasonry. that one of his most deserving sub- and that subject a lady.. This was but a confirmation of it what I knew. . " The country. the very night and hour he had so decidedly manifested himself to me in Paris. We further realize that even England's king knew. afterward WilFourth" Its object was to announce a series of lithographs fi-om unpublished original drawings of the great Egyptian tomb discovered by Belzoni in 1818. etc. with this heading: ^^ Dedicated hy special permission to His Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence. liam the Lord Grand Admiral.66 THE OBELISK AND EEEEM A SONET." heartrending event. letters. Good King?" We have among we do not give in this epitome. jects.. in Fi-ench. This conclusively shows that Belzoni's widow succeeded in making her situation known to his royal highness. but I recollect last night. There are also many of the mystery chambers in the Seti and Eameses Masonic temple these documents esting papers. was without means in a strange Should not this most inexcusable of neglects (if neglect it can be called) take from him the surname.

was the first operative Mason. by calling themselves AbeUtes . Bel.c. means " the pleasamt. and were quite popular." wool and the weaving of * cloth. from which our Abel was derived. the Cretan Abelios. were but modified names of the Hebrew Hbbel. tribes. 20). 2). a. the to possess a pair of deai'ly-seeing eyes.— CHAPTER YH. Hebrew. ISTaamah. " vnstnfuctor of every artificer in hrass wnd iron" has ever been regarded as a primitive patron of Freemasonry. 25). or and Roman Apollo. and moral ence and progress. 3454 b. Seth (Gen. but that a sect do not claim that secret or Masonic societies existed in the days and a Masonic brotherhood perpetuated his name also that the Assyrian god Belus.c. Greek . is held in high esteem. or Apello. 4. nations. ANTEDILtrVIAN ALUMNI. 22). 4001 b. Macoy.d.c. 4. and considered by Masons as the earliest champion of esoteric Masonry. or Abellio. Celtic Bel. 1746. Tubal CAnsr (Gen. Jabal (Gen. The Masonic breth- ren regard her as the inventress of the spinning of We of Abel. St. Abel * AbeUtes are mentioned by 4. according to K. intellectual. 3874 b. as mlay be realized and by the following catalogue of the Masonic Alma Mater. '* mason Freemasonry has been of old. Augustine as a sect in Africa. to which all times. and will forever remain. Baal. in (Gen. first requirement of a Free- From a historic standpoint Freemasonry seems the growth sci- of the world's elite in physical. 4. They reappeared as a secret or Masonic society in Germany. races have furnished their quota." Bagotzskt.

the founder of the city of Phahg. 25). As Peleg means division in Hebrew. perhaps. is honorably mentioned by the Masonic craft. Tower of Babel.c. He was. yet he must have been a patron of architecture in building those magnificent cities. 5. ISTiMEOD (Gen. Accad." has not been perpetuated by the Masonic Brothers. 2247 b. has been regarded by some archeologists and Masons as the architect of the AssHUE (Gen. the beginning of whose kingdom was Babel. Enoch (Gen. 16). . after whom Canaan and the Canaanites were named nor is his son.c. 10. cussed. SiDON (Gen. Peleg (Gen.68 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONRT.c. called Pelasgi. been a mysterious personage in history and Masonry the books attributed to him have been much dis. or was it named after him ? Such Grand Masters should be remembered. who " builded Mneveh.c. 29). on the Euphrates. and was not. especially with The European races regard him as their progenitor. 10. and progenitor of the Cyclopean builders. 2247 b. Sidon. 15). 2247 b. Erech. 24) "walked with God. 11). 2247 b. or Peleg. and Calneh. who probably founded the great commercial emporium. 9). it is claimed that in his day the dispersion of the families and tribes He commenced in the valley of the Euphrates. l^OAH (Gen. . the city of Rehoboth and Calah. 10." 3017 b. This patriarch has for God took him. are considered high ISToachidse and Xoachites names by the members of the Mystic Tie. POSTDILTJVIAN ALTTMOT. 6.c. Japhet (Gen. Neither is Canaan (Gen. 10. Masonic personage." is not mentioned in the Masonic annals.c. 10. 1) is a the order of Ishmael. 2348 b. " the mighty hunter. 10.

Jews. .c.c. 18). Ishmael. based on astronomical correct. and includes Christians. 6). and call it so now. Egypt. named it ^i-yuTrro? (Egypt). etc. whom European and American Freemasonry only name in connection with Melchizedek. most we follow Usher's. Mizraim emigrated from Shinar to Egypt 2783 B. * Although calculations..C. emplar to higher grades of the order of Ishmael. The Arabs have ever called it Mizr. 10. His book throws much light on the social and intellectual status of his period. Mazai. There is quite a powerful order under the name of Hagar's son. figures in Masonic records. 69 MizEAiM (Gen. and Parsees. Mahometans. and became its first king. because it is yet in general According to SeyfEarth. 27). and one in the Occident." is mentioned with reverence by the Masonic Fraternity. use.THE OBELISK AKD FKEEMASOKRY. Melchizedek (Gen. " king of Salem and priest of the most high God. It seems to us Abraham must have belonged to some institution like modern Freemasonry. and other magnates of Canaan. but subsequently the Greeks Belus. It has ramifications in most countries of the East and "West. This Arabian prince and patriarch is cited as an exJob. otherwise he would not have been so readily and kindly received by the king of Egypt. The land of tbe lower Nile was settled by this patriarch and called after him. has ever been revered by the ancient oriental order of Ishmael..C. which spread to Assyria. Abraham (Gen. According to eminent Egyptologists the Canaanites had previously conquered northeastern Egypt and established the three Dynasties of shepherd kings. the king of Salem. after a son of king of Phenicia. Herodotus' Menes. Two of its chiefs reside in the orient. This was the date of the confusion of language and the dispersion of Noah's progeny. 14. b. Phenicia. 11. who reigned from 2398 to 1703. It has induced much speculation.in hieroglyphs . we consider SeyfEarth's chronology. Brahmans. Canaan. 1921 b. 224Y * B.

The mysteries of Osiris were celebrated at the.' the "latter tp.'" pp.Isis. and by peculiar ceremonies. nifies grand vizier. anything. those of Serapis at the summer solstice. They think the name the original Sesostris. cull from Mackenzie's " Boyal Masonic Cyclopedia." 70 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. The among Isiac mysteries would seem to be the first degree the Egyptians. very severe in their and connected with the esoteric worship of the deiTThe principal seat of the mysteries was at ties of Egypt MemphigT-ftlgancient capital of Lower Egypt. exclusion was certain. EGYPTIAN MYSTERIES. was made regent of Egypt by Pharaoh Osirtasen 2186 b.o. and if report was unfavorable. calci{Iated_to_ I trials. 188 and . The second degree consisted of the Of their nature we know scarcely Li the Mysteries of Osiris. They were of two kinds tlie~greatef aiid--the -iessr—^he-former were devoted to Osiris~ahd Sefapis. also is Joseph mneh Ishmael. Even now the Afghan mountaineers have a tribe. who that settled in Afghanistan under Nebuchadnezzar. The character of the candidate was rigidly inquired into. sigZaphnaih pcmneah. which completed the *We 189. revered by the widespread order of Eminent Egyptologists claim that Joseph I.* These mysteries were very secret. are considered as descendants of Joseph. translated from hieroglyphs. Mysteries of Serapis. autumaal Ifequinox. The late Hyneman believed Freemasonry originated with Joseph. through one of the " Ten Lost Tribes called Eusofzie. He wasjprepared^^or initiation by a period of fasting. — inspire Tiim with religious awe. Sir William Jones and other philologists say the Afghan or Pushtoo language has much analogy with Hebrew and Chaldaic. and is the same as Hebrew loswph. and those ofjkis^t the vernal equinox..

The body of Osiris was tossed about by the waves. when the lid was immediately closed. was discovered by Belzoni. invited him to a banquet. in the month of November. mystery chambers in this could not give all of the signs. ceremonies. where it was committed to the tomb.. a. of civilization to other nations. series of 71 resurrection of Osiris Egyptian esoteric teacliing. Typhon. where he produced a chest (ark. and sister. THE OBELISK AND FBEEMASOKEY. then would fit. groups. .. the lesson of death and was symbolically conveyed. She is variously represented as the mother. the legend of the murder and restoration of Osiris was displayed The legend itself was to the affiliate in a scenic manner. conspired against his throne. which had been mutilated. promising to give it to any person. We that there was the origin of modem Freemasonry for the attitudes. 1818.d. or Osymandias. left the care of the kingdom to Queen Isis. or Sesos- Their rock-excavated Masonic Temple. symbols. During his absence his brother. Seti I. and set forth to communicate the secrets Isis here represents Egypt. fully adorned. think all in this magnificent structure indicates. wife. a wise king of Egypt. but recovered it at last. Eameses II. at the foot of a tamarisk tree. and on the return of Osiris. and Osiris the sun. whose body it nicia. or coffin) inlaid with gold. and have a striking similarity both with MediWe are sorry we eval and Modem Freemasonry. traversed the whole world in search of the body.. of Osiris. that Osiris. and finally cast on shore at Byblos. epitome. and he was cast into the Nile. in lamentation. beautitris. in Phe- present. Osiris laid himself down in the chest. and brought it in triumph to Egypt. Typhon. rites. and his son. Isis. the judge and father of the world of spirits. pastos.

.." etc. Maspero. about 1866 B.. 157: "As Eameses II.C. published in the Philadelphia Sun- day-School Times.C. . as may be realized by his " Summary of Recent Discoveries. under whom the Exodus occurred. etc. This German savant bases this date on planetary configurations. Chabas. as the date of his death. Mariette. May 1. Lepsius. the reign of his successor. and Eameses II. and his erudite essay. Pierret. and that the Exodus occurred under Seti II.. as Moses was 80 years old at the time of the Exodus. or Menephtah. as reported .C. 1880. Brugsch. Brugsch tells us in his "Histoire iPEgypte" p. between 1327 and 1321 B. Wilkinson. was the Pharaoh before whom Moses pleaded the deliverance of the Israelites. the children of Israel left Egypt in one of the last six years of Menephtah's reign. MOSES AND THE ISRAELITES. : Egyptologists widely on this point to Prof.. Bunsen. B. 1451. II. son and successor of Eameses .CHAPTEE VIII. originator now on way New York. They accept Usher's chronology. differ exoteric and esoteric significance witli Free- who mention and invoke him in their Kites and high degrees. de Eouge. reigned 66 years. Seyffarth claims of the obelisk that its Thothmes III. Moses has an masons. namely. p. Eosellini. disagree with for most Seyffarth as to Thothmes and the date 1866 of them say Moses was born during the long joint reign of Seti I. embraced 20 years and. If we admit that this Pharaoh perished in the sea. 124.

and Osymandias of the Greeks. In Mariette Bey's "Aper9u de I'Histoire d'Egypte. or the sixth year of Eameses' reign." We need hardly state that Menephtah was the son of Rameses II. and that Rameses II.. was the Sesostris of the Greeks so that. suffered a long exile. tells us " It is certain that Moses took the Israelites out of Egypt. Moses. This II. in the Scriptures. after his grandfather. Moses com- menced the or." read in De Kongo's " Notice des Monuments Egyptiens du Musee du Louvre^' p. struggle which ended in the Exodus. Seti I. . et que Menejphtahfut le PTiaron de VExode science?''* dorenavant unfait acquis a la us see ]S'ow." we Maspero. . We : Hebrew to flee history can therefore only apply to the epoch when the family of Eameses was on the throne.C." B. because Eameses II. therefore. we read this significant passage " Qus Mo'ise veout : sous est Ramses II.. .. and was named Seti II. gave them laws. according to these accounts.. obliged from the anger of the king after the murder of an Egyptian. 22 " The circumstances of 1401 B. who was the Osymandias of the Greeks. reigned more than 67 years.. 286. 1:^1. .C. and reigned about 1565 III. . 148 " The reign of Eameses II. Moses was bom and lived under the greatest Eyyptian kings.." p. and that Menephtah was the Pharaoh of the Exodus. is henceforth a fact acquired to science. 73 Moses was born 80 years before 1321. Dynastie. in his recent book ''Hiatoire Aneierme des Peuples de V Orient^'' p. happened under the son of Eameses dm-ing the period of troubles that followed his reign.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. according to Gliddon. etc "We could not assign Moses to any other period. let how these learned Egyptologists differ as *"That Moses lived under Rameses II." de la AVe read in Chabas' ''Recherches pour servir a VHistoire XIX.'' p. : alone agrees with the indispensable conditions. unless entirely disregarded the Biblic aceoimt. latest. Soon after his return. is the Barneses. event. sumamed the Great. about the reign of Eameses : who. Sesostris. and led them to the frontiers of Canaan.

it might be advisable to abandon Egyptian chronology till Pharaoh Psammetichus I. families. As these dates differ four hundred and forty-six years. who for ages intermingled in the valleys of the Eiiphrates.. and Mle." Poole B. without the Pentateuch ? What should we know concerning that almost sealed peninsula. nations of south-western Asia and and north-eastern Africa.. 1866 nologists agree. there is a and Poole.C.c. Eameses' reign. * Whoever will take the trouble to read the cogent dissertation on Moses and the Exodus.. and consequently abont lived to the . difference of 583 years between Seyffarth B. What should we know about tribes. . which only required a master mind to portray and pen it and that master mind appeared. Tigris. The conception. 666 b. Moses needs no date. .I. primitiveness. 1723 " 1693 « 1577 1665 1407 1405 1388 1352 52-55*) 1355 pp.: 74 THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONET. and the Exodus vmder Seti II. and Eameses II.beginning of the time when Moses Kosellini Champollion Seyffarth 1729 b. son and successor of Eameses II. . those comparatively civilized personages. no chronology. 1283 ' Usher Gliddon Brugsch Bey Mariette " « " " " Bey Lepsius Bunsen " " " WUkinson ("Ancient Egyptians. about whose reign chroIf Moses lived under Thothmes III. will find the strongest plea for placing the birth of Moses under the joint reign of Seti I. neither before nor after. . or Menephtah. and style of his writings are intrinsic evidence of remote traditional antiquity. when conditions and circumstances were favorable.c. by Wilkinson and Lord Prudhoe. Jordan..

However. because he was found in the water among trees. in his 173). Eusebius.. one may yet be found and deciphered for Egyptology is but of yesterday. : possessed a portion of the country of Lower Egypt . II. and ushe.* who lived from about 60 " An Egyptian priest named Moses. for mutual protection. saved. Mes or has lately been claimed that the " Lost Tribes " settled in the mountains of Afghanistan. the Arabs derive Moses from those two words. which correspond to the statement of Josephus (Ant. who B. the ISTomade Bedouins have cherished a kind of Freemasonry since Ishmael. B. to 24 A. tell us Mo : means water. where we read " The Egyptians ' call water 'Mo. 15Y and Messon means a child born to one of the princes of Ethiopia under Eameses II. does language corroborate the Mosaic career. the Coptic or ancient Egyptian language. c.D. : c. Linguists think this tribe assumed the it name Thus of the great Jewish leader. Brugsch says. being dissatisfied with the established institutions there. 9. § 6). Philo. ." uses / ' so that together they " Histoire cTEgypte " (pp. Clemens of Alexandria. II. Hence. We might adduce Diodorus Siculus.. who searched .. whom they now invoke as they did four thousand years ago ? As we already alluded to the widely diffused order of Ishmael. where.. § 35. The Arabs have to this day called Sinai Jebel Mtisa (Mount Moses). Among them is one It called Moosa.'' and such as are saved from it by putting these two words imposed the name (Moses) upon him. "We read in Arabic traditions that Mo in Egyptian means water and se signifies tree. XVI.. left it and came to Judea with a large body of people who wor* Strabo B..C.. Moses may even do without a hieroglyphic cartouche. we need say no more. but we shall only add a passage from Strabo. Already linguists. and bore ever since. and more of Josephus.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONET. called 75 Arabia.

who made fortunate dreams were to be permitted to sleep in the temple. worthy of the Deity. we ought not to carve any images. etc Instead of arms. for whom he was desirous to find a settled place. All the nations around willingly united themselves with him. and none else. that the Egyptians and Africans entertained erroneous sentiments. in representing the He declared and tanght. nor molest them with divine possessions. he taught was in their sacred things and the Divinity. which we caU heaven. that their defence great expense. nor other iabsurd practices. promising to the people to deliver such a kind of worship and religion as should not burden those who adopted it with Jerusalem now stands. allured by his discourses and promises. shiped the Divinity. would venture to form an image of this Deity. Moses thus obtained their good opinion. all. beasts and cattle of the field that the Greeks also were in error in making images of their gods after the human us form. of any understanding. and established no ordinary kind of government. By such doctrine Moses persuaded a large multitude of right-minded persons to accompany him to the place where . then. or the universe. He taught. and to worship Him without any similitude. land for God may be the one thing which encompasses and sea. but to set apart some sacred ground and a shrine. the JSTature "Who." . or some gift or sign from the god from time to time. where they might dream both for themselves and others that those who practised temperance and justice. Divinity under the likeness of wild . that those.76 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRT. might expect good. resembling anything with which we are conversant? On the contrary. or of things.

^^ Indische AltejihumsTcunde^'' pp. the Gulf of Bombay. and exit from were only accessible to the initiated. 18 feet high. 1818. Just as some of the Egyptian were solemnized in the Temple of Seti and Kameses. Bock-cut Tetmples" he gives a beautiful illustration (Plate No. in his great work. supported by four massive pillars its walls are covered with sculptures and decorations. prior to these recent discoveries. This renowned temple It is is m the Isle of Gharipour in . or see the discoveries of Belzoni. discovered by Belzoni. Indian his '' Architecture^'' pp. Mr. and in it the Mysteries of India were celebrated. The German Indologist. Chambers for various purposes has been regarded as one of the led out of that temple. describes them and in . and Eameses II.CHAPTEE IX. as did the Egyptians in the Temple of Seti I. Lassen. hear of. HINDU MYSTERIES. The western entrance to.. claiming they had no connection Should the German savant chance to Commander GorGrand Master Zola. 135 feet square. 522-524. It most ancient structures on the globe. considered the Hindu sub- . and his hastily conceived and expressed opinions for the learned author of " The Boyal Masonic Cyclopedia" Mackenzie. he might probably change ringe. The ancient Hindus practised initiatory rites and ceremonies in rock-excavated subterranean temples. vidth those of Egypt. Erskine has an exhaustive description of the subterranean Temple of Elephanta in the Asiatic Journal. speaks of those colossal rock-excavated temples. . whose construction he ascribes to the first century of our era. James Fergusson's " History of 437-447. 8) of the Salsette rock-cut Temple.

Vishnu. an oath was demanded of the aspirant to the * Here India. so that he inclined to think. as in the fellow-craft degree. 315. In this degree analogous to the modern French rite of the adop- — tion of a male child * —the actual ceremony consisted only of an investiture in a linen garment. are seated in the east. M'hich in those days was identical with astrology. who prepared him by fasts and other austerities for the second degree. according to some of our sages.D. and the girding on of the sacred zennaar. Another admission of analogy between ancient eastern and modem western Masonry. it would be is Egypt. their craft dates but to 1717 A. a striking similarity to the Masonic system may be found the three chief ofiieers. that their craft dates Yet some now but to yesterday. and in favor of Egypt. or hierophants. modem Freemasonry admits a simile of the learned brothers . as though time and respectable ancestry were of little or f no account. that the Hindus borrowed from Egypt. Here in which the aparrheta were to be displayed to him. 1717 a. the aspirant was made to turn his attention to the sciences. and. namely. or cord of three strands. temples nearly cotemporaneous with those of if there was any difference in age. the sette. Duly instructed in these main essentials. The second degree was an exaggeration of the first. attended by their respective subordinates. and Siva. this eminent student of Freemasonry has such a graphic description of the Hindu As we quote "The ceremony of the admission of a Brahman took place in a spacious cavern.d. nine times twisted. lustrations. Mysteries. Sacrifices.: : 78 terranean THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONRT. p. Yet. the disciple was led into a gloomy cavern. and south. and certain dedicatory words accompanied this ted to the care of a form. or to the Crusades ! ! ! . probationer commencing at the early age of eight. and the candidate was next commitBrahman.. and precedent from ancient claim. such as that of Elephanta or SalThe whole course comprehended four degrees. representing Brahma. west.f After an invocation to the sun. especially that of astronomy. while others are willing to see its origin in the Dark Ages and Crusades.

In the fourth degree the Brahman was. which guaranteed him from the effects of poison. significative of the creative. The third degree comprehended a total isolation in the forests. and Siva. alike in flowers. or the Great Goddess. and destructive powers of the Trimurti Vishnu. the magical black stone. and gems. obedience to superiors. and was made to circumambulate the cavern thrice. perfumes. — together with abstinence. the sacred girdle. and the acme of all This was supposed to constitute the regeneration of the candidate. and the lamentations of Mahadeva. for the loss of Siva. the talismanic jewel for his breast. servative. pre- Brahma. ptirity of body. how Here the erudite Lassen might see some connection between Indian and Egyptian rites and ceremonies. and "Water was then sprinkled over him .THE OBELISK AWD FREEMASONRY. ! . He was presented with tokens. and lectures of the order. similar to the wailings of Isis for Osiris. with the sun. redolent with perfume and radiant with all the gorgeous beauty of the Indian clime. now cross invested with the white robe and the tiara a peculiar was marked on his forehead. and he was . after which he was conducted through seven ranges of caverns in utter darkness. Finally. and the tau cross:]: on his breast. "With this the second degree concluded. This represented the Hindu Paradise earthly bliss. by peculiar ceremonies. f were imitated. he was given the sacred word AUM. effect of implicit 79 inviolable secrecy." Advanced Masons * Baptism \ ? will realize. * he v?as deprived of his sandals or shoes. while perusing this. conjoined to the divinity and assured of future acceptance among the blessed. Suitable addresses were then made to him. and the serpent-stone. became a daily rite. nies. and sacrifice. when contemplation was enjoined as a duty. used in modem Freemasonry yet nothing i Seven different crosses dates back of 1717 and beyond the Crusades . upon which he was instructed in the peculiar signs. After a number of impressive ceremothe initiate was suddenly admitted into an apartment of dazzling light.

mucli has reached their craft from the rock-excavated temples of India. are the only survivors of that worthy They have preserved Zoroaster's precepts in the Zend Avesta. in India. Magi. surely. which they consider as Christians do the Bible. roamed for ages over the Asiatic plains. The Parsees. They are to Asia what the Quakers are to Europe and America sober. now race. and in- — dustrious citizens. and deducing therefrom what has been called astrology. and from the Indian Ocean to the Caspian Sea. They were a secret order. studying their course. . extending from the Jordan to the Indus. We cannot omit the ancient Oriental order.80 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. especially which. styled -niio Magi. honest. They have also been known as the Wise Men of the East. antedated both the from the second Brahmanic degree. prophet of the Medes and gists placed Persians. whom some ancient archeolo- 6000 and others 700 b. gazing at the stars. Dark Ages and Crusades.c. attributed to Zoroaster.

Lenormant. . from Homer to Tacitus and Plutarch. who directed the initiations. founder of Argos. of Thrakia. 1880.CHAPTER X. EumoVpidm. it under Cecrops. for our purpose. have ever excited the world's curiosity and sharpened the acumen of critics. 3. Some ascribe it to Inachus. and that styled this ofBce hiero- was hereditary centuries. ELEUSESriAN MTSTBKIBS. A male and a female hierophant. son of Poseidon and Chione. traces the Elexisinia to the Pelasgi of Arcadia. daughter of Boreas. king of Athens'. A male and a female torch-bearer. 1800 rites ter. Those called Ceres B. others to Erectheus. in his family. 2. We can assent to the Pelasgi. Chione. May. but Strabo tells florished us B.C. in a learned article published by that searching periodical The Contemporary Re'oiew. we shall glean and epitomize some of the conceded that Eumolpos founded the Eleusinian first principal details.c. and Boreas seem rather mythic. to the Thrakes. to the Thrakians. and ceremonies in honor of the Greek Demeby the Romans. 6 . for twelve The officiatiag personages consisted of 1. A male herald. and to Eiimolpus. that he became the phant. It is Mysteries about 1356 b. 1556 the As we only need. but Poseidon (Neptune). what transpired at initiations. founder of Athens. Greek and Roman authors.C. have written about that ancient institution. and to Eumolpos. The eminent Orientalist.

A male and a female altar attendant . . " Book. after which they came. To be initiated into the Lesser Mysteries. There were Lesser and Greater Mysteries. which they readily answered hymns were sung ia honor of Ceres. or Mercury . asked them some questions. the novices passed into the mystic temple during the night.'''' and have one now. The examination of candidates was rigorous. or Creator of the .. gathered fi-om various sources: TorphjTy says the hierophant represented Plato's Demiurgus. chaste. the torch-bearer. 82 4. water. t FreemasoDiB ever had a . without which cleanliness of the pure and undefiled body would not be acceptable. Men. women. . and the other officials. soon the thunder rolled. the holy 1 cater of the Eomanists. The priest. llermes. fitly cemented together. while they proceeded-. sow to Demeter. and were admitted as sacrificed a A candidates for the Greater Mysteries. mi- world .t called Petroma. and the place seemed to shake and be on flre hideous spectres glided . Next the holy mysteries when they were were read to them from a large book. and the Greater at EleuLenormant thinks little is known consis every five years. or Ceres. wearyear after this ceremony they ing garlands of flowers. THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASOKKY. and unpolluted for nine days. the Moon the herald. Crowned with myrtle and enveloped in robes. strange and fearful objects appeared. candidates had to keep themselves pure. The ancient Greeks thought the innocence of children could conciliate the gods with the initiated adults. and munerons minor officials. * As they entered this vast building they washed their hands in holy told that they should come with a mind. because composed of two stones. nor stars. the Sun the altar-man. styled hierophant. offered sacrifices and prayers. probably. The Lesser were celebrated at Agra every year. lightning flashed. * Thence. cerning the initiations yet the following details have been . and children were admitted only criminals and outlaws were excluded.

experienced the miseries of Earth. a term known to advanced Masons. Madness. Disease. . Mysterious apparitions. the tortures of Tartarus. Then and there Greece had thousands of and mechanics. that the Persians burned the Temple of Eleusis. and exhibiting his symbols of supreme deity. if any one disclosed them. that splendid edifice could Philo added the portico of the twelve Strabo says the mystic cell of accommodate as many persons as the theatre. 9. This initiation was styled autopsy. the officiating priest uttered the word Konx. and opened an Elysium to the initiated Eleusinian phalanx. who had. . that was publicly put to an ignominious death. it was supposed that he called divine wrath on himself and it was unsafe to live in the same house with a wretch. when suddenly a serene light and objects of bliss appeared. which but added to the horrors of the scene. architect During the sway of Demetrius Phaleof the Parthenon. When these ceremonies were ended. The secrets were so sacred that. when they invaded Attica but it was rebuUt. the architect magnificent Doric columns. . Lodges and orders of our day may realize how much of the Eleusinian Mysteries is now retained in Masonic initia- whom we tions. directed by the Dionysian a/rchishall soon have occasion to mention. short time . Famine. Every good Greek citizen was expected to become a member of this soeio-religious institution and the gi-avest charge Herodoagainst Socrates was that he had never joined it. throtigli the building.THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONET. they heard the solemn voice of the hierophant explaining them. operatives tects. representing the torments of this life and those of Tartarus. during the administration of Pericles. As the trembling crowd of novices advanced amid this fearful spectacle. by Ictinus. and Death. which meant all was over. flew around. 65). and the happiness of Elysium. 83 moaning and sighing frightful noises and howlings were heard. . in a and space. Anguish. representing the messengers of the infernal deities. reus. tus informs us (B. and those present could retire.

which resembled those of Egypt and India especially the . Thus. Archeologists say these mysteries. It had its grades and initiations. we must refuse credence to this imputation. 396. 1801. or religious purposes. moral. under the plea that they were immoral. tection. This seems probable. nearly identical with those of Elephanta. by E. abolished them. or mutual pro. . (now Lepsina). and festivals of Ceres were derived from similar ceremonies. that Cecrops led a colony from Egypt to Greece. and became its first king. when Theodosius. the mysteries of the Greco-Latin goddess of hus- bandry had lasted about eighteen centuries. Cripps. founded Athens.84 THE OBELISK AND FEEEIIASONRT. M'hen we consider. thus completing the social fabric but it excluded criminals and outlaws. now in vogue in oriental and in some western orders. D. must point to Greece for a prototype. with social. ideas. moral. be- we thought it had rites. that has any analogy to medieval or modern operative and theoretic Masonry. The Goths under Alaric destroyed this splendid structure The colossal statue of Ceres in the vestibule of the public library at Cambridge was brought from Eleusis A. ordeal of horrors. minor True.D. The male grand master. This early interference of the Fathers of the Church was a shadow of the coming papacy and subsequent Inquisition against freethinkers and liberal associations. As they had ever been celebrated publicly under the supervision of the State. either for social. urged by some Fathers of the Church. and admitted women and children. performed in honor of Isis in Egypt. Clarke and Mr. last- We devoted cause so much space to this earliest and most ing European secret association. This gains . later a precedent The ' imperial edict became Inquisitorial and plea for papal bulls and rites. and strictly enjoined secrets so that every order or association. emblems and symbols. tribunals. and religious bearings. This beautiful relic of Greek art was the work of the renowned Phidias. its it Eleusinian order had officials. formed in Europe or America. wardens.

Rmneses II. It has been claimed.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. (Osymandias) and his son. which looks more like modern Freemasonry than anything history mentions. The initiation into this ancient order lasted 27 days. priests. during which the candidate was confined in a cave. . Priests of Cybele. that initiated Pliaraohs. princes. were probably coeval with the establishment of the Eleusynian Mysteries. especially Plate 19. constructed by Seti I. mother of the gods in Crete. hierophants. when we trace the Eleusinia to the imposing order. (Sesostris). yet 85 more force. and magnates in the magnificent secluded Masonic Temple. and of which every intelligent Mason must feel proud. that Pythagoras belonged to this order. which reminds of the Egyptian and Hindoo subterranean Masonic Temples. queens. CiTEETES. when he inspects and studies Belzoni's atlas.

' — * Mackenzie's " Soyal Masonic Gydopedia" + Virgil. or coflBn. VI. of which all Eastern religions. was then delivered to the conductor. India. all ye profane ! 'f After exhortations to the candidate.* " Celebeated throughout Hellas and Ionia. while monstrous apparitions were from time to time shown through the gloom. he was led through dark caverns. Burmah. they were introduced from Egypt into Greece in honor of Dionysos or Bacchus. who proclaimed in Depart hence. These scenes continued for three days and nights. and the Hellenic countries.' Lie a loud voice. The legend of the murder commemorated in their ceremonies. searching for Osiris the legends being the same. : p. B. began to be enacted. displayed in the person of the candidate. procul. Typhon. make mention. termed by Stoboeus a rude and fearful march through night and darkness. The candidate was now placed on the pastos. after which the mystic death of Bacchus or Dionysos. este " Procul. he was left to all the horrors of the situation. 158. enjoining fortitude and courage. the canof Dionysos was didate was crowned with a myrtle branch. couch. introduced iato the sacred vestibule.CHAPTEE XL DIONYSIAlf MYSTERIES. but chiefly at Athens. Here wild beasts howled. and clothed in the sacred habiliments. and artificially produced thunder and lightning prevailed. from Japan. in solitude. . In the outset of these mysteries was shown the consecration of the mundane egg. tion is made profani! " The same proolamar during the Eleusynian Mysteries by the herald. Lustration by water having taken place. and closely confined in a chamber where.

rock-excavated. or courageous enough. date released. richer bound to provide for their poorer They were divided into communities. no doubt one of the X This Fraternity of architects and masons was because early orders.Mackenzie's "Royal Masonic Cydopedia. 87 —seeks is inclosed. made by the ceremony. j.* or the infernal regions." No doubt. and. amid shouts ! We have found it ! — let us rejoice together The candidate was next made to descend and behold the blessand happiness of the good and punishment of the wicked.t At a very early period in the historic times of the world we find in existence a wandering guUd of builders. They made their appearance certainly not later than 1000 b. upon which arise mournful lamentations on the for the ark.'''' p. 157. possessed secret They The also to- means of recognition. to under- go the ordeal. in which he into pieces Ehea or Isis then begins her search for the remains of Dionysos or Osiris. ings among the number of the Epopts. similar to medieval and modem Freemasonry Barneses . mourning the body is found. consecrated to Dionysos or Bacchus. and were bound gether by special ties only of this fraternity were brethren. and rends it by his mighty power. like the modern initiates of Freemasonry. and II. and appear to have enjoyed particular privileges and immimities. . scattering the limbs upon the waters. public consideration and rank were the due meed of every individual favored enough. founded on mutual protection and charity. and received into Tartarus.:]: known to themselves. dark well in the Temple of Seti I. He was then. of course. these Mysteries prepared the way for the DIONTSIAN AECHITECTS. bowlings ensue.THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONET.c. given a new vestment of white. and indescribable decease of the god. was the prototype of the Dionysian Mysteries. is until. at a signal changed into rejoicing — priests and assistants at the from the Hierophant. and the candiof. governed * Perhaps the deep. By this series of trials he was supposed to receive regeneration.

. Rhodes. 11 . dating back three thousand years. know etc. Ephesus. Mausoleums. ISTot only Jews and Christians. viii. Those. kings and hierophants. They held a grand festival annually. that enlarge on his Masonic attributes. Parthenons. etc. Also Josephus. may read his books and consult 2 Sam. and houses).. His temple has ever been the theme of operative and theoretic Masons.. communication all over the then known world. King of Tyre. they will look beyond Solomon's temple to Rameses' rock-cut Temple. 1 K. palaces. and Alexander Polyhistor will enlighten them on the career of that strange mixtiire of wisdom and folly.. vi.. v. vii.. Its pillars Jachin and Boaz have been Masonic household words among the Brethren of the Magic Tie. (Sesostris) as the first . biit Arabs have remembered Solomon. recognize Rameses II.. Solomon to is so well known by Freemasons. them. after the discoveries of Commander Gorringe. and were held in high esteem. sprang the guilds of the Traveling Masons known in the Middle Ages. v. employed them at his temple and They were also employed at the construction of They had means of interthe Temple of Diana at Ephesus. Freemasons have pointed to him as the first Masonic Grand Master. xiv. ix. Athens.. point them as their beautifiers. at the instance sacred. and the Greek and to of Koman monuments owed their existence. Eusebius.. (connected by a Master and "Wardens. To pride this ancient charitable institution. and from of Hiram. we need not who wish and 1 Chr.. called '/vvolkuii. his career.88 THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONRT. Their ceremonials were regarded as It has been claimed that Solomon. Constantinople. may point with employed by all for to these entei-prising architects. Clemens. our mutual labor associations . doubtless. Rome.. Belzoni and We suppose. the modem In the Dionysian architects Brothers cannot help seeing theoretic and oper- ative prototypes.

and that in 1 K. and had their main association at. which give the career of both. Hiram Abif may be re- name garded as the operative Mason at the structure of the temple. Solomon's friend. calls Kahr Hairan which is (Tomb of Hiram). While Kings Solomon and Hiram are considered theoretic Masons. Tyre. useful personage in the carrying out Solomon's archi- Sacked Lodge. on which . But King Hiram's name lives now in a famous monument near the site of Tyre. under the part. It has been claimed. hewn out of a single block twelve feet long. and adopt his sun and pent apron. who desire to know more about Hiram. Masonic Grand Master. gion also connect Hiram's The people of that rename with a fountain. 89 ser- HiRiJvi has ever been indissolubly connected with Solomon. classes A tradition. that the Dionysian architects arose in. Those. over been raised. received it '' by all and " sects of that country.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. It is a sarcophagus of limestone. Thus has the of Hiram. eight wide. The great Jewish temple seems to have engaged the attention of Hiram and Solomon for about seven years. HiEAM Ajbif. and six high. Solomon's treasurer and tectural plans. It a massive stone structure has not far from the ruins of Tyre. was a very Adonieam. This a distinguished Tyrian artisan vii. tool Hiram Abif was is of their craft. been perpetuated from the days of Tyre's grandeur. bowels of We are told this lodge was held in the Mount Moriah. and five feet in thickness. honorably mentioned 13--46. named Hiram. will find it in the same chapters of 1 Kings. the whole resting on a massive pedestal about ten feet high. Even now Freemasons have financier. covered by a lid slightly pyramidal. We are told these two kings formed an intellectual bond between commercial Tyre and religious Jerusalem.

so that the custom has con- tinued four thousand years. . Solomon. was erected the Sanctum Sanctorum of the temple.90 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOWRY. and Hiram Abif presided over this ancient Masonic institution. in India ? We are told Oriental Dervis hold now their secret meetings in subterranean temples . King Hiram. Was it copied from Kameses' rock-excavated Temple in Egypt or from the temple of Elephanta.

made under the canopy of heaven. They had secret pass- Hu. \ We find the same custom in the Dionysian and Egyptian In Seti's temple. in two of the chambers. blue. and adored to be unpolluted with a Initiates were of meeting was and those belonging to The colors were A pastos. there were provinces under an Arch-Druid. and hope. now England.CHAPTER Xn. or sanctified authorities. deans. and twenty-five subordinates. or truth. 2. and green light. as near as possible to the equinoctial and solsticial periods * of the year. The soul. The following principles were instilled leges of Druidism. That all worthy iato the candidate at progressive stages 2. metal tool. 3. The assembly of the Druids met annually for the judgment of causes and enactment of rules. Mysteries. Egyptians from the Druids. white. is a pa&toa. — : after death. things descend from the Heaven of Heavens. Theee were three degrees: Prophets. from whose judgment there was no appeal. goes into divers other bodies. the sublimer earth. or deacons. or the Greeks and . Under him was a trinity of ministers. the mighty Hu.f was required. progress of the initiates was coffin. and the After severe trials he was admitted to the privigradual. 1. must have borrowed from the Greeks and Egyptians. MYSTERIES OF THE DRUIDS. so that the Druids Greece . or chanters. the order were invested with a chain. invested with supreme authority. and four other meetings took place. Bards. 1. In Albion. or spaiers. there to enjoy minds ascend to higher orbs than our * The Dionysiam Mysteries were solemnized at the same periods in hence analogy between the Dionysian and Draidic Mysteries. Druids. the place words.

golden bill. Prisoners of war are to be slain at times. Initiations and secrecy were the order of the day. to the place mistletoe is salutary for . 5. 10. until their fourteenth year. it is to be gathered with a holy reverence.92 THE OBELISK AKD FKEEMASONBY. when fallen. arts 1. 12. pride themselves on their oral traditions. Wlien the world is destroyed it must * This seems to have been. the foundation must be laid by their ghostly fathers. 13. The se- education of children demands the greatest care years of assiduous teachings will scarce suffice. if possible. Such a custom has ever less prevailed gers must have no who more or among the Oriental races. there the oak and mistletoe favor devotion. The mistletoe must never be cut but with a . Future events may be foretold from the direction. the custom of the Bedouin Arabs. making them fruitful. in honor of the immortal gods. Whatever is left witli the dying. and upon the cromlechs or they may be burned alive within the wickers. and when they did write they only wrote the consonants and omitted the vowels or hieroglyphs hence our Celtic ancestors brought that usage with them from the East at a very remote . None shall receive instruction without the limits of our sacred 6. . must be then conveyed. The powder of the women. or as the blood may flow therefrom. or is east upon their funereal-pyres. when seized by death. 3. Children are to be brought up separate from their parents. only in the sixth moon .* 8. or for some good unto ourselves. in which the body falls. 15. Stran- commerce with our people. save from necessity. Every ^vriting they must repose soul is immortal. twenty The must not be committed to crets of our sciences and in the memory alone. . and is now. . Man or woman may be sacrificed on extraordinary occasions. is svirely theirs in the other world. Jr. when deposited in the white sagum. and. grove . or as the same shall move bulls. upon two white where needed. 16. 14. . period. The sacrifices are holy none but the obedient shall attend them. 9. and there abide with them. unbounded felicity. Those who destroy themselves will go thither with their friends. 11. however long and variously it may transmigrate. 17. and.

height. Upon the heights of Caer-Idria. in India.. Money lent. of Jehova. in Britain. of Ahura Mazda. of Jupiter. but emblems only . of Brahma. and of Teutates. or on some lofty and. that the heavenly spheres may be the better seen and if upon the plains. Brahmins. Our Faids. the Yergobretus does judge the and the SaronidcB instruct our youths. and they are likewise to be open to the skies they are to be upon the plains. THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONET. No both the firmness and the majesty of the god of gods. also called Votes. and at Myfyrion. the mysteries were there taught unto our youth 23. but a globe edge once. or Druids . Our people were mighty in knowlearth . also at Cerrig Brudyn. in . they were connected by secret ties. and stars likewise. are . in Persia. of Osiris. Greece and Eome. air. Pastojjhori. All light comes from the sun that which by the moon is shed is but borrowed by him from her. 26. According to our reading of history. . men saw that the wisdom Temples are never to be raised with closed walls. we inhabit not a plain. the priesthoods of Belus. be by will 93 fire or by water. . or Baal. Guretes. in the plains below. Druids. Every one who comes sluggishly to the assembly of our states. in Assyria. in Egypt. and intercommunicated in Palestine. 22. shall surely die is ! 20. and not repaid. and yet with images of the gods have we. 19. moon. our poets and chroniclers . also called Vacerri.sun. were primitive secret societies. our wise so gained was practised. are the ordinary priests . It little matters whether we call the members of those priesthoods Belites. the Eubages are our augurs law the Banrdi. The and so are the . . nature . 21. hence does the truncated oak symbolize then in the open 24. trees encompassing. who instructed and governed the primitive families and races. be restored in the next world. . Magi. they were used to meditate upon the heavenly bodies and there did they contemplate all . Levites. and also administer jxistice. 18. and he who is the last of all in attendance. under the guidance of the Arch-Druids and Such is the order and creed of the of the Yergobretus.

gazed at the pyramids. and ever will be Freemasonry on om. 550 b. In India he learned the doctrine of Metempsychosis from the Brahmins. and of the Temple of Janus. Mathematici . the greatest Masonic figure of antiquity. Italy.94 THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONET. an After having initiate of the Eleusinian Mysteries. mathematics. who made him one of their Temple of Elephanta. and Hindoo wisdom. Pythagoras. formed the basis of his pupils' educa- . a worthy and his consulting Egeria in the grove indicates. Greek learning. he went to Egypt. Chaldean. when Masons declared themselves Freimaurer (Freemasons). constructed by Seti I. On his way to India. 2.. is.c. from the Nile to the Thames. and of the Yestals. about 650 b. Since about that period priesthoods have ever denounced and persecuted Freemasonry. and endowed with Egyptian. we consider as Mason of his epoch. 3. Pythagoras was fully qualified to introduce a new educational curriculum. where he studied Chaldean Magic. His reconciling the Komans and Sabines shows he was a peacemaker. lawgiver of the Komans. and Eameses II. initiates in the rock-excavated Thus versed in : Theoretici . Electi. with priesthoods till TsTttata Pompilius. Imown to the Greeks as Osymandias and Sesostrls. which he may have shared with the Celtic and Etrurian races then in All his institutions are of a Masonic type. Masonry was ever more or less connected about the thirteenth century of our era. Hence there ever has been. His degrees were 1. from the Indus to the Tiber. and was iaitiated into the Egyptian Mysteries in the rock-excavated Temple. studied under Greek philosophers. founder of the College of the Pontifices (High Priests) of the Augurs. that he was somewhat of a Druid. Hence. the traveler stopped at Babylon. joined the Curetes. and became.planet.c. of the Flamens. conversed with the hierophants. no doubt. or the exact sciences.

customs. . and As the great historian and travhis son. Freemasons of our day may realize. in his grand History of Antiquity. while being initiated into the Egyptian Mysteries and into Masonry in the rock-excavated Temple of Seti I.' joined Egypt's secret order. Pie also relates some of the conversations he had with priests but he is very guarded not to tell us what he saw and experienced. Plato..— THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOKEY. secresy. The fraternity was divided in two classes Exoterics and Esoterics. who induced the mob of Crotona to burn his school. Soon disciples flocked to it all parts of the known world. only after having been exact and theoretic were they permitted to be eclectic Only under the master's guidance. 400 b. tion.o. it is claimed. its laws. The great teacher and reformer was universally respected for his integrity. initiated into the Eleusinian Mysteries. On comparison. was chosen as the residence of this famous Brotherhood. much in common with the Fraternity Heeodotus. eler had probably been. 506 b.c. tells us much about Egypt. Surrender of all property for the benefit of the order was one of the from primary conditions. 95 after having been exact were they allowed to theorize. but envied by knaves. Sesostris. Silence. whence these terms came into our modern language. and was this famous Order founder died poor. that they have of Crotona. about 440 b. Grand Masand our Consul-General Farman. its of Sages destroyed. the Egyptian initiations seemed no novelty. have discovered such decided marks of ancient Egyptian Masonry. The city of Crotona. Thus. we may infer possibilities. and monuments. ter Zola .o. and unconditional obedience were cardinal principles of the Pythagorean Order. Commander Gorringe. and probably passed Since Belzoni. after an unex- ampled success of thirty years. in Southern Italy. visited the cradle of civilization.

o. who has been considered as one of the famous brotherhood. conferred in Seti I. EssENEs. Yitruvius served as a . and full comprised two degrees. They cresy lived in communities and did not marry. in his ^^ Antiquities. ViTEUvius. This famous brotherhood was iutermediary between the ancient and medieval Asiatic orders. About the time of Jesus Christ arose an order of this name. There some analogy between our Masonic orders and the Essenean Fraternity. Assyrians. 43 B. Sewas one of their chief tenets. and pointed to Hiram Abif as its first Grand Master. At that period Egypt must have been a strong magnetic centre. styled the Dionysian Architects. Jews. that tians. Mostly scholars and men of distinction joined this order. the grades. being less priestly than its predecessors and embodying more science and practice in their daily lives. The probation lasted three years. (Sesostris). which only lasted during the first centuries of our era. The Essenes lived principally in Palestine and Syria. resign all On application. Arabs.C.. On admission the can- didate received a spade. and a white robe. Egyptians. tlie rock-excavated Temple of and Eameses II. which extended over Greece and Rome. to say about Josephus.96 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONRT. Persians. and as such they did not attract large munbers. an apron. Eusebius and Philo tell us they could discover no difference between their mode of life and that of the first ChrisIt is often claimed. perpetuated the institution. and Greeks joined. Jesus Christ belonged to the Essenean Brotherhood. The Essenes seem to have been vei-y frugal and industrious men. that could thus attract and initiate those ancient sages. the candidate had to his property for the common good of the Fraternity.^^ has much is those simple and frugal sages. Some authors have ascribed to the members of that early order the writings of the JSTew Testament. 1000 b.

for which the State paid all expenMoreover. Both operative and theoretic Masons may point to Yitruvius with pride. or was to the prefect ? or did both emperor and prefect share in the ordering of the work." by Pontius. and endorsed by Grand Master Zola and Who Consul General Farman. that were to be deposited in a vault. emblems. Dixon. constructed for the purpose? his Surely. great work on architecture. As preAdously mentioned. C. 7 . Since the Masonic signs. Prefect of Egypt. and on the which we translate here " In the eighth year of the reign of Augustus Cesar (23 B.E. belonging to the opening of the first century of our era. the architect Pontius did not do all that at expense. "We rejoice to be able to record three disB. who knew about and ordered those ses ? emblematic and symbolic stones.C. divided into ten books. Barharus. large claw of was this inscription in Latia. Wynman used by the it Romans as supports. while Mr. he found one of the brass crabs. Augustus Cesar. " De ArchiteaIt is tura^'' which has ever been highly esteemed. and Pontius the Architect. Baebaeus.).C. caused these obelisks to be erected tect.: THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASOWKY. 43 designed and constructed a temple at During the reign of Augustus he was inIn his old age he wrote his spector of engines. entitled. tinguished Masons. and is the only ancient treatise on architecture that reached us. which must have been considerable. 97 military engineer under Julius Caesar in Africa.C. He Fanum. the archi- bols. 23 B.. and symhave been discovered around and under the pedestal of the American obelisk by Commander : Gorringe. the question arises directly or indirectly ordered those obelisks to be raised? Had the emperor any direct or indirect all left share in the ordering. was examining the foundation of the pedestal of the standing twin obelisk at Alexandria.

c." * ApuLEnrs. He Isis: mentions this inscription "I.d. Book XI. 50.-!. and operative Masonry of some kind existed in prefect.c. and from sheer emulation the prefect would inform himself. 98 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRY.d. and Pontius. Barba- St. 80. Thus did Masonry flourish on the Kile under Rameses the Great.. science. speaks of those of Isis in the following way : " The removed to a distance —aU the profane being —taking hold of me by the priest * Madame Blavatski violated tMs solemn declaration of the Egyptian goddess by calling her great work " Isis ZPnvezled" published by James Bouton. on the Temple of been. 31 b.a. and no mortal has ever unveiLed me." has been regarded by some Masonic writers as a iatric {healing) Mason. Luke. was an Isis. the author of the " Augfusta7i EraP Therefore let us henceforth honor Augustus. were all of the craft. initiate of the Egyptian Mysteries. 706 Broadway.d. about a. and which clearly proves that theoretic knew about it. we are told. iv. who was ever deeply interested in liter- ature. 150. so as to give a proper account to his master. previously mentioned. am all that has or shall be. and under the great Augustus. who had been initiated into all the Egyptian mysteries. ISTo doubt. and art. treasurer. that were to perpetuate his reign. hero of Kadish. New Tork. 14). the very beginning of our era. ms. Paul's calling him "the beloved physician" (Col. Augustus. and architect. Pontius belonged to the ancient craft of the Dionysian architects. . about a. the Evangelist and author of " The Acts. that is. hero of Actium. Pltjtaech. that the emperor. Some itemized bill had to be sent to the imperial Hence we conclude. which may be due to St. about 1500 b. f Metamorphosis. would delight ia knowing all about those venerable relics. as high Masons of their epoch.

. At midnight sun. that the mysteries of Isis alluded to her personification of Nature. It is most all the elements. 99 me into the inner recesses of the sanc- clothed in a haps. I would tell jon. were it lawful for me to tell you you should know it. florished when Koman sage penned but soon societies of mutual aid and charity. kept in suspense. and the tongue that told them. therefore. shining with its brilliant light. probable. 150. as you probness.' you must necessarily remain ignorant. ' ably are with religious longing. you new linen garment. if it were lawful for you to hear but both the ears that heard those things. all things. the parent of the sovereign of the elements. Mysteries. that Egypt's Mysteries. Permay be eager to know ." THE OBELISK AND FEEEMA80KET.. the primary progeny of time. she says : ' I am Nature. hand. brought tuary itself. . Hear. being borne through I saw the and approached the presence of the gods beneath and the gods above. would reap the evil results of their rashStill. what was then said and done. but believe what is the truth. curious reader. and Rameses the II. I have related to you things of which. and stood near and worshiped them. I will not torment you with long-protracted anxiety. / ajyproached the confines of death. Behold. and Masonic institutions will vanVandals and Mahometan fana- and dark ages supervene. however. ish before northern tics. and having trod on the threshold of Proserpine. I. though heard by you. I returned therefrom. In addressing Apuleius. and with them probably her Masonry in the rock-excavated Temple of Seti as late as a.' Here we fully realize. this passage .d.

emblems. and became their god. THE GOTHO-GERMANIC AND SCANDINAVIAN MYSTERIES. Sophia. contain many ideas. The Edda and Nihelungeii contain them. 306. Odin or Woden was their Grand The liosicrucians borrowed Master. styled the " Dionysian Architects. ANTHEMitrs (about a. that their dialects. He chose Pythagoras as his model. 537. Assyrian. who felicitously blended the theories of the ancients in his writings." who pointed to Hiram Abif Grand Master. 1012 b.d. that it would be difficult to give a concise idea of them. The Celts. 306-337). The Rosicrucians warmly espoused the doctrines of Jamblichus. and subsequently spread from Phenicia and Asia as their first . leaving the great edifice unfinished.d. 530). Isidorus completed it. in worshiped and celebrated their groves and dismal forests. and construct St. cherished by medieval and modem Masons. and manners assumed They all a similarity.d. Anthemius was one of the noble Brotherhood. the architect of St. Western. Sophia. who was thoroughly versed in the Platonic ideas as found in Chaldean.c. The Sea-Kings and scalds of the Scandinavian races may be considered as their Grand Masters. festivals in the open air. who employed him to design." and a " Life of Pythagoras. As he died a. lived under the emperor Justinian. and Teutones were so mixed in Central. customs.100 THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONET. a. The works of this great writer.d. from close and long intercourse. and Eleusinian Mysteries. at Constantinople. 534. entitled " Egyptian Mysteries. a. and symbols. These mysteries are so wild and incoherent. Cimbri. plan." whose principles he taught. and Northern Europe. Jamblichus. ISTo doubt. and mixed them with oriental ideas in the tenets of their order. who florished during the reign of Constantine the Great (a.d. wrote a treatise. and embodied many of their ancestors' notions and customs.

which tended to Another class of men. as will hereafter appear. he was a noble prototype to Pius youth. Wherever they passed they obtained hospitality. Teutonic Ejiights. or municipal statutes. Soon the intellect of the alchemists and Kosicrucians was felt among the guilds. Meanwhile the crusades engrossed the attention of able-bodied mechanics. to which the church in vain took exception. them. and traveled singly or in bands. that they associated. Was Boniface IV. such as Templars. and. a.* This papal Diploma so elated masons. the medieval Masonic associations stitutions of mxitual protection Pope Boniface tions a IY.THE OBELISK AKD FREEMASONRY. From and guilds obtained their ideas and conand charity. alchemand Eosicrucians. We read that this liberal Pontiff granted to the Masonic guilds and corpora- Diploma. 614. sympathized with the guilds. John. wliose 101 Minor over the Persian. and betrayed Masonry in his old . where devotional buildings might be needed. This state of things went on for several centuries. Hospitallers. villages.. royal. made them free from all to erect all religious buildings local. towns and cities. by the same authority. all of whom had affiliations. at which the church grew alarmed and established the Inquisition then she called on kings and princes to assist her in disbanding the guilds diminish the guilds. abbots. and gradually all united. carpenters. * IX. Monasteries and convents vied in giving them hospitality.. bishops. or Knights of St. with knapsack on their back. In Germany the Burschen could be met singly or in bands. Also the Crusaders formed secret associations. and other crafts. their services to in order to offer priests. a Mason ? wko became a Mason in his If so. formed guilds.d. giving them the exclusive privilege and monuments. Greek and Eoman empires monuments and edifices they reared. ists .

Isles. and Crusaders she had previously encouraged.. if they succeeded in de- on the Continent. were sacrificed. and. Bel succeeded in murdering Grand Master Molay and sixty of his brethren. would spread again ever has been. 102 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONKY. as it from the British wiU be spreading. and Philippe le pected. that Masonry had such deep roots in the British Isles. and it . that popes and kings could not destroy stroying it it. The Templars. is. who were the most powerful. but without the decided effect that was exWhen Pope Clement V. they thought they had given the death-blow to secret societies and Masonry but they did not consider.

872. St. as Isles To cited in A. King Athelstan. and when the English monarch sent the enterprising priest also Sighelm. Progress. when he corresponded with Abel. Marquis of Pembroke. Edwin. 1066. King of Mercia. to His Eoyal Highness Albert Edward. 900." Macoy. Dunstan. Bishop of Rochester. Patriarch of who informed Alfred of the wretched condition of the Christians in India." Only Alfred. who started. Prince 957. . St. Mackenzie's Cyclopaedia. tries. which tlie also met with success. and Leofric. and returned safely when he sent Ohthere with a fleet to the Hyperborean tribes and coun. King Henry I. 1100. 287. Grand Master of Masonry Monk.. Austin the 872. Archbishop of Canterbury. Earl of Arundel and of Shrewsbury. Roger de Montgomery. and Des- tiny cf English Language and Literature.— CHAPTEK " Xni. Master of Masonry in Britain. 1135. fulfilled his mission. Earl of 926. Coventry. 1041. that required more than mere Jerusalem. accounts for the success of such distant enterprise^ at that early period. K. 924. Alban. realize the strength of Freemasonry in the British any one has but to scan the following galaxy of eminent names from King Alfred the Great.d. and Gondulph. Gilbert de Clare. brother of Athelstan. King Edward the Confessor. See our "Origin.* Ethred. King Alfred the Great. Prince of Wales. being Grand Master of Masonry. King Alfred accomplished things. * We fully realize that royalty. strict rectitude A Mason is a man.D. a. in Britain. whose conduct should be squared by and justice to his fellow-creatures. 597.G.

1234. at his own expense. Earl of Surrey. Master of the Ghiblim. Peter de Coleehurcli. 1540. Bichard Beauehamp. He was to London what Peter FanueU was to Boston. 1413. Lord Audley. surnamed the King's Freemason. Stephen Girard to Philadelphia. Archbishop of York. William Almaine. the Royal Exchange. and what Peter Cooper. King Henry John. Bishop of Winchester. Abbot of Winchester. Earl of Bedford. 1216. 1549. 1471. and Lenox have been to New York. Bishop of Salisbury. Grand Master of the Order of of Westminster. Henry Chicheley. William Waynfleet. 1551. The Grand Master Tremblay. Sir Thomas Sackville. wlio built. 1212. Thomas Cromwell. THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. Bishop of Winchester. John IsHp. Archbishop of Canterbury. William de Wykeham. called by his name. Bishop 1375. Thomas Wolsey. Edward Seymour. VII. Gilbert de Clare. St. Earl of Essex. 1377. Thomas Gresham. 1327. Henry Yevele. . Simon Langham. about 1566. of the Templars.104 1164. Cardinal 1539. Wykeham (for a second time). 1493. of Winchester. 1443. Francis BusseU. and founded the college. Astor.. King Edward HI. Robert de Barnham. Walter Stapleton. Sir 1567. Peter de Eupibus. Bernard de 1176. Thomas Fitz-Allen. 1307. Duke of Somerset. 1515. 1485. Sir Reginald Bray. Bishop of Winchester. Kalph. John de Spoulee. John Touchett. 12Y2. Abbot 1502. Earl of Gloucester. 1357. Walter Giifard. 1561. John Poynet. 1575.* * London mercliaiit. 1350. William de 1399. Lord of Mount Hermer. Bishop of Exeter. Geoffrey Fitz Peter.

F. 1719. Earl of Bedford. Esquire. Henry Danvers. 1618. Henry Hare. Earl of Dalkeith. LL. 1698. 1725. 1717.S. Thomas Savage.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. 1729-30. James King. Francis Kussell. 1635. George Villars. 105 Howard. Earl of Crawfurd. 1728. 1722. Earl of Effingham. Esquire. savant and naturalist. Inigo Jones. Lord Paisley. T. George Payne. Sir Christopher Wren. Duke of Montagu. Leicester.. John. James Lyon. George Hastings. architect of St. 1666. 1718. 1720. Duke of ISTorfolk. Yiscount Montacute. King James I. 1695. 1724. Esquire (a second time). Henry Bennet. "William Plerbert. Henry Jermyn. 1731. Lord Coleraine. Sir Christopher "Wren (a second time). . 1721. 1636. 1685. Earl of Danby. Duke of Richmond. 1633. the architect. Duke of Eichmond. Earl of Arlington. 1660.. Earl of Huntingdon. afterward Earl of 1732. Earl of Inchiqum. 1607. Charles 158-8. Duke of "Wharton. 1603. 15Y9. William O'Brien. 1727. 1723. 1625. 1726. Thomas Howard. Lord Level. Thomas Howard. 1734.E. Charles Lenox. Anthony Sayer. J. Earl of Strathmore. 1679. George Payne. Inigo Jones (a second time). Anthoni Brown. John Lindsay. 1733.D. Desaguliers. Albans. T. Earl of Arundel. PhUip. 1630. Earl Rivers. James Hamilton. Duke of Buckingham. King Charles I. Earl of Pembroke. Francis Scott. 1674. Lord Kingston. Charles Lenox. Paul's Cathedral. King Charles H. Earl of St. Coke.

Marquis of Carnarvon. 1744. Earl of Morton. Dulte of Cumberland. 1754^6. 1772-6. John Proby. 106 1Y35. H.G. 1739. Marquis of Carnarvon. K. be frightened by papal anatheconscience said: or royal edicts even the horrors of the Liquisition were impotent with men whose it ! Tyranny is wrong . James Douglas. which is nothing comof eminent pared with right As shown by the previous list names. the English Masons elected the Grand Master of the Templars Grand Master of England's Masonry in 1154 hence they would not indorse the pope's murdering Templars. 1764-6. Henry Somerset. The Marquis of Eipon. Dulce of Manchester. 1742-3. James. 1747-51. John Campbell. Prince of Wales (George IV. Earl of Darnley. E. 1S70-3.). Lord Carysfort. H. etc. Sholto Douglas. E. George. Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorn. 1737. H. H. Thomas Lyon. Lord Petre. 1791-1812. THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. Lord Dudley and Ward. 1767-71. The Earl of Zetland. Cadwallader. H. Duke of Sussex. H. Henry Frederick. Duke of Beaufort. 1736.. E. Men mas like these could not .T. in his "Abrege de I'Histoire de France. H. 1813-42. 1752-3. Prince of Wales. Augustus Frederick. Viscoiuit Weymoutli. 1741. Edward Bligh. E. 1874.G. E. Washington Shirley. James Brydges. Thomas Thynne. John. Even Bossiiet. 1782-90. K. Earl of Kintore. H. William.. Earl of Loudoun. and breaking up their order from 1307 to 1314. 1843-69. Lord Byron. 1740. 1745-6. H. Eobert. Lord Blayney. 1757-61. 1777-81. John Keith. oppose at the risk of life." says: . Brydges. Lord Raymond. 1762-3. Lord Aberdour. Lord Cranstoun. 1738. Earl Ferrers. Eobert Edward. George Montagu. Albert Edward.

a.d. century.. be- cause he composed the rules for the Templars in the Also.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONKY. a. Temple evinces knowledge He died 1153. etc. Beenabd has been claimed by Brothers twelfth century. 1314. 12Y5. from Hiram Abif to Sir Christopher Wren. in the eighth and lasted till the sixteenth century of our The Danish Bishop was the founder of that as a useful order. nobles. and that gates are told that this congress We . 1275. A society for tection against the attacks of the pirates mutual prowas estab- lished in the Isle of Zealand. After such a chain of revered names invoked. from Tubalcain to Joseph and Solomon. all that may be needed are a few Masonic celebrities from other countries. 107 "We know not whether there was more avarice and venlist geance than justice in that execution. Mary." In the preceding retic are kings.d. era. was attended by delefrom Germany. architect of the famous Strasbnrg Cathedral. He defeated the deification of the "Virgin it. Italy. bishops. and merchants hence the theoand practical were represented and acted in concert. "We might trace Masonry in Scotland from Eobert Bruce. achieved the following movement of the Masonic associaon the Continent. Denmark. masons. of the Mason. and mechanics hitherto under papal patronage wished to be independent. From tions Eewin von Steestbach. but our epitome will not admit of it. St. and of great men elected. England.d. . to Albert Edward. Such a continuity of a thousand years cannot be shown in any other country. savants. Absalom. it will appear that the architects. in his day. Prince of Wales. artists. princes. convoked a congress of the Masonic associations and guilds at Strasburg a. statesmen. his exhortation to soldiers of Masonry. 1880. Pius IX. Bishop of Eoschild.

the operative masons then and there assumed the name of Freemasons. This bold step soon attracted to the ranks of the Freeinasons literati.108 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONEY.. and was an outgrowth of the Crusades. —son of ancient name Phtah). Albert Edward. architects have ever pointed with pride he was the Luther of their craft. E. Teutonic Knights. and one of the now. John. who were persecuted by the Inquisition as magicians and The alchemists. the affix free dates back six centuries. and its Grand Master. also the architect of the Cathedral of Cologne. and eminent Erwin von Stein- bach. Prince of Wales. men from aU grades of society. He To him German . at the instigation of Pope Clement Y. and Rosicrucians. It is said the dying Grand Master summoned both before God's tribunal. or Knights of St. Molay. became the Grand Master of German Masonry. scientists. . The bait for these murders was the wealth of this order. a. ISli.nders were knights. H. Scotch Masonry has ever revered this it principal Scotch orders has name. As previously mentioned the famous order of Templars was suppressed by Philippe le Bel. the great lately translated edifices.D. which the covetous pope and French king divided. inventors. Hospitallers. is its Grand Master. who were a noble set of men for that period. flocked to this liberal institution. We canthe not help joining with Erwhi von Steinbach of Imhotejp. and established new regula- tions for the government and guidance of their craft. sorcerers. 1318. Hence. died A. 1118. Its fou. H. architect of the monuments at Denderah. from hieroglyphs on those Templars. but neither of them lived a year to enjoy the plunder.d. and both died within a year. and many of his Brothers were burned at the stake.Ur-Se-Phtah {Imhotejp. inventors. This order was founded in 1118 and sanctioned by the chiirch 1128.

Progress. Here we must not omit the Kosicrucians. gave a tone of refinement that has ever since pervaded European idioms and manners. which tended toward concord. about a. Ormus has been con- sidered as a convert of St. be. gan to lose some of their national prejudices. became more or less mixed and acquainted. who. respect An international feeling of mutual sprang up. kings. and mechanisms were seen and brought The queens. princesses. ramifications all over the globe. borrowed the red cross from the Eastern and Westtold they were joined * See our " Origin. the Evangelist. the noblest emotion that ever entered man's breast. but had ISTew devices home fi'om the East. Knights of Malta. in "Isis II.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOKEY. the middle and lower classes. founded an order that wore a red cross and were thence styled Rosicrucians. p. more or less modified: "Different nations marching. 388. 109 Knights of Ehodes.t who had their main strength in Germany. will add here what the Crusades did for medieval progress We and Masonry. KosiCEUciANS. much Dark Ages and medieval The Rosi- Ormus. camping. 33°.. of which many orders were created with the sanction of the church and their names exist now. . 210." p. princes. by the learned order The Knights Templars seem to have of the Essenes. Their great learninfluence during times."* whence the sublime idea of caring for the bereft widows and children of departed Brothers. and even nobles. Unveiled. The knights were bound by a solemn oath to protect the fair sex. Literature. and emperors. and fighting together. and to rescue widows and orphans from oppression." vol. f We are and Destiny of the English Language and See the able article on this order by Charles Sotheran. ing and erudition gave them the crucians have been traced to 46. and other ladies who accompanied the Crusaders.d. Mark.

ties claimed by this order em We AvicENNA. Physiognomy. system of symbolism cherished by Freemasons. He died a. the famous Persian physician and author of many learned works on chemistry. Eosicmcians. both as a physician and mystic. some critics was the great Kosicrucian in the His books are on the occult sciences praise them. for he was present when Voltaire was initiated in France. Feedeeick the Geeat. was initiated at interdicted by the pope. 1030. Optics. King of Prussia. 110 THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONKT.d. others pronounce them He florished about a. but let these suffice. 1600. so that this badge dates from a. He British Isles. give a short list of the celebri46 to our day. 1526. about 1605. He is also regarded as the founder of Gothic architecture. Battista Poeta was the Italian representative of Rosicrucianism. and l^atural Magic have ever been favorites with scholars and scientists.d. He was professor of Medicine at the University of Basle. a.d. a. He was the founder of the visionary. Botany. and as the author of a new set of laws for the operative masons about the time of the Strasburg Congress. 1778. whose meetings were Yet he merely taught the camera 6bscuro. physical science for to him we owe . This bishop and architect wrote a Albeetus Magnus. and Grand Master of Pennsylvania.d. Thus had Eosicrucianism great intellects. Paracelsus was probably the most learned of German Kosicrucians. 1734. Benjamxit FEANKLnsr became an initiate of Freemasonry about 1730. E-OBEET Fludd was in England what Paracelsus was ui Germany. He wi'ote numerous books on the medicine and chemistry of his period. We might add other Eosicrucian names..: . the improvement in lenses. 1280. Academy of Secrets at Pome. He was an active Mason all his life. .d. His treatise on Perspective. extending from Britain to Persia.

General Joseph Waeeen. Lalande. Priest of the General Chapter of the United States. GusTAvus III. persecuted it. Ill Brunswick. the allied armies under the Duke of Valmy. Geoege Washington was initiated at Fredericksbiirg. and other celebrities. Pope Pius IX.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONEY. who defeated Duke of Brunswick. was the first Grand Master of the Massachusetts Lodge. Count de Gebelin. in the presence of Ben. King of Sweden. The kings of Sweden are pei-petual Grand Masters of the craft. it is said. and became Master Mason. Franldin. when other sovereigns. and became General Grand High 1816. was initiated. De Witt Clinton. and was patron and protector of the craft all his life. He may be considered as the father of modern German literature. and was an active member of the craft. Lalande. 1792. but the distinguished novice survived his initiation only about three months. but when Pope. 1806. the Bunker Hill hero. 1738. into the mysteries of the Masonic fraternity when young. Goethe. 1753. . 33°. Marshal Kelleemann. established an order. 1752. and and emblems taken from the Temfrom French lodges. sion to see the was a grand join the occa- great literatus ancient Brotherhood. was initiated 1780. YoLTAiEE became an initiate of the Nine It Sisters in 1778. was an eminent member of the Order of the Nine Sisters about 1776. author of " Nathan the Wise " and of " Fables.. about 1777. 1769. at the instigation of the Church. was initiated 1793. Kosicrucians. Lessing. SwEDENBOEG joined the Brotherhood Lund. at Mesmee belonged to the '' Fratres Lucis'' about 1800." was a Brother of the Magic Tie about 1770. the great French astronomer. the great German author and poet. with rites plars. the great engineer of the Erie Canal.

to to such a galaxy of great Sir Christopher intellects. Ms lie might easily Masonic brethren an allohave imitated his illustrious predecessor. who consciously seem to isolate Freemasonry. 1717. he addressed to cution. that lately appeared in the Press seemed to make Masonry appear like some shadowy it was when. persecution. who issued that liberal diploma to the operative masons a thousand years before. and stability were of little or no consequence. about 1738. association. braved time. or to the Revival of a. and from Kameses the Great Washington. that Masonry it Dark Ages . after this splendid array of historic celebrities and monuments. since the discussion about conscious!}' or un- the signs. but when Pius IX. and he tried to scold the companions of his youth. Moreover. hierophants. and give an imIf so. hope. from Tubalcain Wren. 1865. Pythagoras. pression. under various names and forms. or nation that can stand . that Masonry. We . but with the same spirit of mutual protection and charity. family. Boniface IV. popes. Thus the ubiquitous Masonic institution and presidents. why invoke antediluvian and postdiluvian celebrities like Seth. and as though a mere upstart or parvenu was as good as a veteran. emblems. etc. and is now more vigorous than ever whereas vast and powerful empires crumbled and vanished all along its quiet and peaceful pathway. and symbols on the American obelisk began. as tize of some of the letters.. fire and sword. Yet. Brethren only dates to the will not feel like saying. we cannot feel surprised. ? The authors thing. is and is but of yesterday for directly and indirectly connected with aU that protohistory and history have noblest and most inspiring. space. Yet. that it is rather a recent institution. an individual. popes began to anathemaand kings to proscribe Freemasonry. they give the world an impression as though ancestry. pedigree. over six thousand years.d. Solomon. we read letters from Masons.112 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONKT. Melchizedeck. numbered "\Yith kings. grew old his courage failed him.

but that they utter the magic number names and words which. Had worthy Masons pointed to any number of the celebriwhom the Brethren invoke in their Masonic rites and ties. we translate a passage from Eliphas Levi's Dogrne et Rituel de la Haute Magie. discovered by Belzoni. conclusively proves that Freemasonry is not of yesterday or to-day. from Tubalcain to Franklin. but of all times and of all countries. as may be realized by glancing at the entrances of the different mystery chambers in the Seti and Barneses Temple. but what of that ? This galaxy of the substance of the institution was there. vol.. 113 to the may look present with pride and to the future with confidence. . 338 " The definitive alliance of reason and faith will result. The and architects who planned. not only the perpendicular. . plummet. that had reference to the roof or foundation yet they had such an officer. and even seven. great intellects. oblong. kings. that the Masonic — . on an eminence and point to a glorious these past. candidates. etc. etc. Solomon. they may justly be called Freemasonry's belittlers. date to remote antiquity. To convince the Masonic fraternity that there ever has been a connection between ancient Oriental and modern Occidental Masonry. as may be noticed by the groupings their names may not have been pronounced or written like ours. no doubt. They. from Enoch and Joseph to Zoroaster and Plato. and told their colleagues such were our illustrious predecessors in antiquity and during the Middle Ages such should we be now and in the future they could not be considered whereas.— : THE OBELISK AKD FEEEMASONBT. had grand masters. I. the Pyramids. square. hierophants. like those tools. — Brethren of to-day cherish.. but they had analogous names of revered ancestors.. . compass. 1861. of Egypt or America. ceremonies. p. wardens. and the masons who reared Babel. etc.. 1818. not from their absolute distinction and separation. Parthemay not have invoked Hiram. in what they did tell as Freemasonry's magnifiers them. guides. but from operative non. The Egyptian Brethren may not have called their doorkeeper by a name. These Masonic radicals seem to forget.

'''' . they are two forces. Persian. Egyptian." The Hebrew of this term signifies." This gives a glimpse of the emblems and symbols of the primitive Magi and Sages. Greek. . " lie sJiaU estoMisTi. separate. which destroy each other rhutually. Magic. mutual control and fraternal concourse. strength. Koman. The perusal of Levi's erudite work would furnish to the members of the Magic Tie new ideas concernnates and hierophants building of the ing their craft. force attempted to unite they are even contrary in appearance but. * The Hebrew of this term f signifies. Assyrian. The Chaldean. Sucli is the meaning of the two columns of Solomon's Porch. one of which is called Jachm* and the other Boas. Hindu. if blind them in bringing them together.114 their THE OBELISK AND rEEEMASOBTRT. "fleetness. . they have one and the same force united. Chinese.\ one of which They are distinct and sepais white and the other UacJc. the arch of the temple would crumble . for. from the Tower of Babel to the Masonic Temple of New York City. rate . and Celtic magshared similar symbols. after them. whose science has been called.

and may be novel to many of the Masonic Brethren. .. This could hardly be true. on the Dnizes and wlien vre commenced to give us to write this epitome. and that their Ma- sonry was a relic of that cult. " The candidate is prepared strict —partly clothed—and after a is examination. which win be a valuable addendum to our long list of celebrities. who are appointed at the time of the meeting. pp. and free will are made. The master and represents the unknown. the all-powerful. Hyneman. ARAB MASONRY. article we asked him the favor an on some other Oriental order he might have seen during his tour over Egypt. sits whence he delivers his orders to his assistants. in the place of honor.— CHAPTER XIY. led before him. as is the case in an held free birth. "Freemasonry a purely moral and charitable order. He magnanimously answered the favor we asked by giving us the following article on " Arab Masonry. Palestine. and no she could ever have been master in a lodge or shayk of a tribe. Rawson's interesting article in "Isis Unveiled. " I had been told by an Egyptian poet and scholar." vol. 11." "We read Dr. 313-315. The usual requirements as to age. that the Arabs anciently worshiped the sun. and also touching his general knowledge of men. under the direction of the master. the unseen. and things." and Syria. screened from the assembly by a vail or shawl up by two brothers. since the sun is called slie and the moon he among them. Arabia.

not as an accident. the only sure guaranty of morals. among whom are derived aU living the Abram. first for himself. usually written. through more itself. that he returns to the same. and from men. It is presumed. a better life here. The notion which has grown into a belief —that an injury done to any member of the race. without any reference to any other. the Arab sees. the type that the initiated daily instructed to imitate in the . not even as to belief in deity. in the frequent exercise of the wiU of the shayk. whether it is defined in words or symbols or not. and imexotic ia Arabia. The lift teachings of the lodge enhghten the conscience and the neophyte above himself into a prevision of motives. careful observation. retm-n to him- " The wiU is of the shayk (master) is the law of the lodge. The only world of being they know is the and the only things worth notice are those relating Their Masonry is. the Great Abraham. The very word Allah (God) is an The Bedawin idealizes the race. and to whom they all recalls us. and that his duty is to make this life as important as possidisits ble. therefore. but as law is a law of nature. an apparent check or interference reflect a necessity of — with the law of nature . examination for a literary degree said about N'ot a word is any reKgious faith or creed. a charge of duty to others for the sake of self. but the will of the master must be guided by the ancient law.116 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONEY. among us. which means. and teachings are simple. a means of securing to man. that the law invariably reasserts " The Abraham walk of life. will — upon the doer of the deed. Learning chiefly through observation. which invariable and inevitable. The idea of the collective its man —^humanity— is very ancient. that man was derived fi-om the great source. that all rational men have a consciousness of a supreme existence. present. with the Arab. is the ideal of excellence in is human life. agines it personified into what he Father. turn at death. past or future. but experience teaches him.

So also there is no grand . fidelity. who are trained to rely on books. One of the leading tenets in the lodge that the bro- therhood owe to humanity an effort to make this life better. and knowledge. " The ceremonial is not extensive. with agreeable interruptions in the feasts way of and entertainments. alliances only excepted. but only for some specific purpose. The Arabs never were. of the objects or purposes of the lodge will be more acceptable to the reader. is. " The final loss. S. while in that of a wealthy one it may continue during parts of three or five days. ills that obscure such and ignorance. and the alliance ends when that is accomplished. who directs. such as music. in which there can be no mixture of present " interest. by inculcating truth.THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONET. but it teaches in its lessons. A. and supervises all affairs in the lodge. to accept without hesitation the unwritten legends books to and traditions of the Orientals. it. The Arab looks upon writing as the enemy of memory. But they say men make suit the hour and the interests of the passing moment. It is difficult for us. There is no government over all the tribes. R. are often found acting under the leadership of one shayk. and recita- tions of the poets. except for its preservation. when compared with ours. and are not now. The ceremony in the case of a poor man is often completed in an hour. games. A general idea. therefore. producing harmony by submission to the will of the master. traditions of the lodge are and always have been and there are no records in writing. and intelligible to only a few initiates. " 117 The esoteric work of the lodge would be out of place here.). that the noblest object in life first is to al- strive to become worthy of a place for duty done. while antiquity made tradition. especially that of the Scottish rite (A. and to relieve htmianity from the as deceit. producing decay and oral. Each tribe is independent of all others. ways subordinating the material to the spiritual. treachery. a nation in our sense of that term. nor Two or three over any great number by any one person.

as having been the abode of merchants and others from Europe. clothing. and It is likened. The grand sign is respected even on the battle-field. are so sure as in that of the Eedawin. to a necklace of gems. where charity and brotherly help. but the choicest men ture of the craft This custom never fails of commanding respect. ized sources. THE OBELISK AND FBEEMASONEy. although he may be an enemy. no book Mason. after which he must move on if in health. when the guardian becomes responsible for his ward. even be- . must defend himself. The true Arab Mason never records anything. There can be no paper brother among them.118 lodge. Xone charmed circle. and none. The ritual. is an aggregate of pebbles or gems. poets. For three days the stranger. engraved with the private marks of the greatest minds. therefore. and shelter. Eaeli lodge is supreme in itself. the neophyte must have knowledge obtained from authorwalls of the coast cities. to advance. The Masonic brotherhood. except in his memory. An interesting feaare admitted to the is this: when one proposes a journey through a disturbed and therefore dangerous district. by Arab is not a block of marble or granite. " Masonry in the desert is the privilege of the few. in which imposture is sooner detected and punished. held together by the golden chain of humanity. in time of need. " There is no community in the world. some trusty brother is selected to whom the traveler is delivered. and. " There is no Masonic literature in Arabia beyond the and there is no true Masonry in the whole framework of the craft in the cities. including food. and in case of beiag an enemy or an outlaw. is entitled to and receives hospitality. according to the locality. or a murderer even. life for life. and there are many traditions of its use in sav- ing the lives of noted persons. To a stranger in such a country Masonic knowledge is an unequaled passport and introduction. and protection from harm. those cities. has become Europeanized more or less. and the masonic tie is renewed between them.


tween hostile


ding blood not in self-defence.

except the traveler be guilty of shedThe protection of women

and children is an obligation that is never neglected. Any shortcoming in this matter would heap dishonor on the head of the erring one. " To recount the whole catalogue of Masonic virtues, as practised on the desert, woiild fill a volume, and is not required here.



is to

show the

tween Eastern and- Western Masonry


differences be-

while there

some things in corq.mon, there are more peculiar to each section. Literature has changed the character of our craft
in so


points, that careful study is required to ascertain

the ancient

meaning and


and even the

closest ap-


fails in

tracing an ancient origin for
in the lodge

some things in frequent use
the brethren.

and elsewhere by
the' traditions of



innovation (removal of ancient



possible in the desert,


the tribal lodges correct the errors, that

may have


in through

some over-zealous worker.
in use in the lodge


The language

not that of the mer-

chant- of




that of the early ages,

known as of Yoktan, in the centre of Ishmael, in the west of Yemen, in the south. The oldest known language that has been preserved is poetic. The ritual of the modern lodge

cording to the
the oldest.

rhymed, question and answer, in the choicest terms, acgrammar of the purest idiom, which is also


the philologists these items are proofs of

the antiquity of the order,

more convincing even than mon-

which can be made in every age, while The Egyptians language must grow and is not made. recorded in writing and in pictures their rites and ceremonies, which make visible the condition of the order in those matters at that time, about 4000 years ago. We read in those pictures the same lessons that are taught to us now,
uments of

although they are distributed through the several degrees

from the first to the thirty-second. The work in the Arab lodge shows a close connection between the members of the


Egypt and Arabia, and also estabBedawin lodges. not a word in use in the modern lodge, that has
to recent

ancient brotherhoods of

lishes the antiquity of the origin of the

There is any reference


in science, or to the

political or religious

changes of the

Neither Christ nor


opens a charming vista The cost of an indulgence in this storehouse of antiquity
a local residence among the Bedawin Arabs, and a thorough knowledge of their language and customs. " With the Arab the instruction of the lodge is a preparation for a better life with the ancient Egyptians it was a preparation for death. The Arab still lives in the same social condition, in which history noticed him forty centuries ago, while the Egyptian ceased to exist as a nation about

twenty centuries. This fact to the antiquarian and philologist.
are mentioned.

twenty-five centm-ies since.

How much

these different re-

were due to their peculiar ideas


yet an unsolved


The Arab has few wants, and is satisfied in their gratification; we have many, a great number of wants

which have increased with our

and the


tion of these does not bring content

but stimulates This imrest appears as well in the Masonic order, where one ritual after another surprises and






excepting their inventors.

Whether this



the permanent good of the craft

not yet determined, but

an open question. " Whatever the Greek mysteries were, they have no modern type in the Arab lodge. The Greeks learned from the Their Masonic dead with their national system. It is probable that a dilution with religion killed it. Eeligious ideas are weakening the order in the United States, and a complete secualso

Egyptians, but despised the barbarian Arab.

larization is its only salvation.





while religion


the mother of

change, decay,

and death.

Masonry flemishes a beautiful emblem marked by supreme efforts for the redemption of mankind from the slavery of ignorance
of eternity,


cycles are

; ;

and superstition, while the
craft, in


our day, lends

for the perpetuation of errors peculiar to priestcraft. " The ritual of the Arab is free from the antiquated absurdities, which are so brutal and shocking, on paper, and mere child's play in the work of our lodge, and in their place are found the real penalties, that can be inflicted on the

apostate, chiefly social ostracism.



another evidence

of the antiquity of the order in that locality, since in this

age blood-feuds have apparently led to an undervaluation


life in

the Orient, and


the order was modern


should expect to see penalties threatened and inflicted,

that were in unison with the spirit of the age

—say from

the sixth century to the present."

As Dr. Kawson's
eminent Mason,

essay speaks for


he being an

needs no comment from


That mysterious Asiatic peninsula, called Arabia, ever seemed to us a geographic, historic, and political wonder India, for, while empires like Assyria, Persia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome were changing and vanishing, Arabia and Ishraael's children remained immutable. The Assyrians, Persians, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans tried in
vain to subjugate Hagar's progeny

they stand to-day, with







they stood

ages ago.

Eenan and Maspero have

given the world some valuable hints on that mysterious

Perhaps Freemasonry, with its gentle, and persuasive methods of approaching peoples, will succeed in opening that sealed country to the world if so. Dr. Eawson will be considered as a pioneer in the
people and country.

grand enterprise.

" In Egypt obelisks were
called the rays of the sun.'^


As many


may on

this occasion feel

an interest in the

from Egypt to Italy, Constantinople, France, England, and Germany, we give an account of them, with anecdotes connected with some The Koman Emperors, from Angnstus to of them.

that were carried

Adrian, vied in adorning their capital with Egjrptian obelisks.

Home was

Piazza of St. Peter * at brought from Egypt, xmder Caligula, about a.d. 38, and erected in the Yatican Circus, whence it was transII.


obelisk standing in the

ferred to the place, which




gineer Fontana, whose plan was considered the best

by the great enamong
a.d. 1585.

the five hundred submitted to

Pope Sixtus V.,




removal Fontana employed several hundred workmen, horses, and very complex machinery. His success

was considered almost a miracle.

* It has been claimed that this monolith
tioned by Herodotus (B.


one of the two thus mento the



"Pheron sent

Sun two

obelisks, too

remarkable to be unnoticed.

Temple of the Bach was formed of

one solid stone, 100 cubits (150 feet) high, and 8 cubits {12 feet) broad." Concerning this obelisk, Pliny says " The third obelisk at Eome is in the Vatican Circus, which was constructed by the Emperors Caius and Nero
: ;

this being the only

one of them


that was broken in the carriage.

Nuncoreus, the son of Sesosis, made it, and there remains another by him, 100 cubits high, which, by order of an oracle, he consecrated to the sun, after having lost his sight and recovered it." This seems to corroborate the statement of Herodotus.

of rose-Golored granite. . To the erection of this obelisk belongs the well A.D. that adorned the tomb of Augustus. tana. by the first of the absolute known anecdote pontiffs. found in the quarry of Syerie. named Bresca. 132 82 8 2 in. Mercati thinks the two were erected there by ClauIts twin now adorns Monte dius as a tribute of gratitude. ft. CavaUo. is a blank for On one side is engraved a dedi- Augustus . obelisk to was originally at Thebes. of the man who. and hornblende. He obtained for his reward permission to fly the papal flag at his mast and the hereditary privilege of supplying the Apostolic palace with palm-leaves on IV. under penalty of death. "Acgua saved the compromised operation by calling to FonThis spectator alle funi" (wet the ropes). It is of rose-colored syenite.THE OBELISK AKD PEEEMASONET. Pope Sixtus Y. broken in thnee it pieces. hieroglyphic decipherers. before the church of St. The it is said. Palm Sunday. whence it was transferred Alexandria by the order of Constantine. had transferred from Augustus' tomb. ft. It composed of quartz. ft. cation to is This monolith. 9 in. Mass or volume about 4. under the supervision of Fontana. etc 123 ft. Whole height "Without pedestal.400 cubic feet. bearing no hieroglyphs. whence Egyptian engineering and mechanic skill transported such heavy masses to all parts of the country. to where it now stands. on another a dedication to Tiberius. felspar. John Lateram. was a coaster of the Genoese Kiviera. 1587. ornament on top. III. who destined it . Thence this beautifiil stone has been called syenite. in the midst of the silence imposed. Base lines of shaft 10 in. Whole height Without pedestal (only the 'Eo hieroglyphics shaft) 89 49 ft. The obelisk in front of the church of Santa Ma/ria Maggiore is one of the two. in Upper Egypt.

8 in. Constantius. a shade It is more grayish than the others. at Porta was transported from Egypt to Rome under Octavius Augustus.. a. 1588. It bears the royal signets of is Thothmes III. Pope Sixtus Y. although Fontana had to cut off a part of the lower end of the shaft on account of its being fractured. debris sixteen feet deep. by V. only Base lines of shaft Weight shaft 150 ft. This monument bears hieroglyphic inscriptions. Birch.d. who seemed determined to adorn the Pontifical City. etc. Some think they were. on the CirIt was found a. and erected on.. and Thothmes lY. In its hieroglyphic inscription occur the names of Seti and Eameses. who. It was found in three pieces under the Circus Maximus. a. hroken in three pieces. father of Pameses II.d. had it carried to Eome and erected in the centre of the sjpina. had it removed to where it now is by Fontana. 1687. known as the Flaminian obelisk. Whole height its Without base. and of rose-colored syenite. Late discoveries and hieroglyphic translations indicate. The obelisk del Pqpolo. as Egyptian records show. : 9 ft. had it transferred to. 106 " 9 ft. the largest obelisk now known.d. under cus Maximus. struck by lightning. Byzantium but his son. 357. the ruins of It had to be shortened on aeeoimt of its fractures. They seem to be in honor of Thothmes III. erected many beautiful obelisks in various cities of his dominions about 1762 B.. the illustrious Fontana.d. in the course of time. about 20 b. When and how these grand monuments were overthrown we know not. We are told this one was overthrown by the barbarians and broken in three pieces.C.. the site it now occupies. Sixtus Y. that have been translated by Dr. 1589. . about a. that it dates to Pharaoh Seti I.c. . This obelisk attracted more attention than any one of the others. 10 in. 415 tons..124 to adorn THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET.

and assured me one day. XVn. Ungarelli had printed He *Prof. English by Eev. Meanwhile. Champollion's pupil and with Ungarelli in Rome. which in notes before Champollion. 5 in. RoseUini in ' and correctly written in Ungarelli's Interpretatio* Rome. in. before they were en- had only deciphered simple passages. under the Roman Emperors. Seyffarth considers Ungarelli's interpretations of the hieroglyphs unreliable. He died ten years after without having tablets. 1826. was bound by a promise to keep silent till the work. Whole height "Without pedestal (only the shaft) 125 116 8 ft. and to have 4) translated. that it must yet lie buried in some cellar {sard in una cantina). then also in Rome. to find Hermapion's obelisk. and into German by the veteran Egyptologist Seyffarth. but I its explanations printed in the forthcoming work.. G. "We is translate it into English "As del early as 1826 I discovered. I myself compared and verified the tablets with the original imder a good magnifyfully Oheliscorum Urbis^ ing glass during graved. The text was "ISTow. who was thenceforth occupied to translate the inscriptions but he did not succeed. reached his object.: THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONET. The . who gave us the follow- iag interesting anecdote concerning this obelisk in a German pamphlet. T8 f t. lated into into which have been transGreek by Hermapion. 6 ft. Tomlinson. had not been able issued. friend. together Florence. were invited to undertake the translation of the inscriptions. Base lines of shaft It bears hieroglyphic inscriptions. . ready 1826. 1842. was Champollion. Marc.. " Champollion my sojourn in Rome. were sent to Champollion in Paris. that the obelisk at Porta Popolo the one Hermapion {apud Ammian. undertaken by Pope Gregory XVI. Champollion had promised to translate the inscriptions of the Flaminian and other obelisks.

Day and Night. Popolo was the Hermapion. XVn. seventeen years after. he who has honored Egypt by becomiug its master. The 4. I immediately showed the agreement between Hermapion's version and the Flaminian obelisk.. or probably Ossima-n-thewa. adorning Heliopolis. who speak here as reigned contemporaneously. The King Eamestes. etc. whom the Sun and Apollo love to thee. and did not neglect to draw attention to my key to the hieroglyphs and to the incorrectness of Champollion's system in various treatises in 1844 and 1845. who produce aU things through the Creator. Seso-htor. The two divinities. son and also had no idea. are the two Cabiri Sun (Horus-Ka) and Moon (Tamie).: 126 THE OBELISK AKD FEEEMASONRY. because. who takes his stand upon truth. Under whose power. by his valor and might. B. When the book reached me. TJngarelli was obliged one translated by to continue to translate and publish the text after Champollion's system. warlike King Eamestes. friend of Phtha. the immortal son of the Sun. they Osymandias. erected We " add here an English translation of Hermapion's verthe hieroglyphs from c. all whom the Sun has chosen above men. are identified. we '). the lord of the diadem. Harrises and Osymanihyas. the whole world is placed. sion of Ammianus Marcelliaus. by Ramses" as the inscription indicates. which was only accomplished in 1842. Now. In our translation of the Flaminian obelisk we include Hermapion's Greek words. the valiant. § 12 beginning on the south side. the mighty truth-loving son of Heron the god-born ruler first line. (' The obelisk itself was. and Ungarelli's explanations after Champollion's system. and : having created the rest of the world. the well-known Sespstris. that the obelisk near Porta del father.' " The second line is ' The mighty Apollo. as Manetho teaches. interpretation: — — — of the habitable earth. bears this 'The Sun to Eamestes the King I have given to thee to reign with joy over the whole earth: to thee. and ha\'ing greatly . is Seso-s.

He who ruleth over all the The earth whom the Sun hath chosen before all others. mighty son of Heron. The all-rejoicing king. and Vulcan. who were finding the key to the hieroglyphs. has co-operated in the completion of this work. To whom the gods have given long the master of the world the immortal Kamestes. the city of Heliopolis as brilliant as the Sun himself.THE OBELISK AND I^EEEMASONET. the son of the Sun. Eamestes the king of the world. who have their shrines in the 127 city of the Sun " . " The son ' of the Sun.' A third line : I. the master of time. and the all. king valiant by the favor of Mars. Whom the Sun loves.' And so on. had difliiculties to . the mighty master of the diadem to whom nothing is comparable. and beloved by the Sun. . honored the gods. the Sun. hath chosen above others by reason of his courage.shining god who hath chosen him as a king for : everlasting. Whom Ammon loveth. I have given unto thee a life fi-ee from satiety. have given to Eamestes the king might and authority over all. the king living for ever. Apollo. the great God. Thou whose good fortune abideth for ever. And has made — — .' : The mighty ApoUo. the master of heaven. Who ha. having subdued the foreign eiiemy. the all-brilliant whom the Sun chose above all others. the truth-lover. the god. looking toward the east : ' The great God of Heliopolis." This clearly shows that the pioneers in Egyptology. Thou whom Ammon loves. Apollo. the mighty Apollo who dwelleth in Heaven. Thou to whom the gods have given long life.' life "Another second line: 'The Sun. and to whom the valiant Mars gave gifts.' " The first line. Whom the gods have honored.s defended Egypt. Thou who hast fiUed the temple of the Phoenix with good things.To whom the lord of Egypt has erected many statues in this kingdom. the master of heaven. the third line ' The son of the Sun. Whom Apollo. the master of heaven. the father of the gods. the son of Heron whom the Sun hath guided. whom the son loves.

the translation of a text. Ungarelli. •) discovered it. demotk. Hence the Eosetta Stone gives us. by French soldiers. . but they knew not which it was. was of the highest importance in Egyptian archeology. and Greek inscription. character. we translate Aj>ergu de VHistoire * d'Egypte. Thence called demotic writing. 1S9. One is in hieroglyphic . third inscription on the stela fifty-four lines. and comprises The latter part of the monument. the is in Greek. The other is ia cursive writing. interpretation of the From the Greek text results a version of the pre- ceding original transcript in the two Egj'ptian writings. mutilated by fractures in the stone. which bears this name. reserved for priests . does not see the utility of this menA slab of basalt. conceived in another language not understood at the time. Finally. it only contains fourteen Hnes. styled Egyptology.128' THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONET. 1801. in the British Museum. who were all trying their methods and keys to begin They had Hermapion's Greek hieroglyphic translations. The English obtained it at the capitulation of Alexandria. or Broussard. and Seyffarth. even with the aid of those To enable readers to realize some primary obstacles ia the way of the new science. who were digging entrenchments near Eosetta. has engraved on a hieroglyphic. among the articles collected by the French army. The stone. and written in the two writings current at that epoch. On its principal surface are engraved three inscriptions the two first are ia Egyptian. then. 1799. difficulty to find it. about 65 years ago. commence the decipherings for there were then in Eome Champollion and his pupil Kosellini. in a perfectly known language ( Greek). This slab was thrown up among the rubbish while the French were digging trenches to fortify * it Kosetta. and had indications. found at Eosetta. "Who. when the stela was discovered. t this numbers thirty-two lines of text. version of one of the obelisks . marked 24. p. contains information of high interest. principally used and understood by the peo- ple . . The French enfirst gineer Bouchard. concerning the famous " Eosetta Stone " what Mariette Pacha says in his : " Discovered.

the P. a cer- number of signs. Champollion was : already in possession of five letters P. The merit of of hieroglyphs Champollion consisted in proving. " Thenceforth Champollion had no need to hesitate con- cerning the pronunciation of signs . if the Eosetta Stone acquired in science the celebrity it enjoys to-day. THE OBELISK AND TEEEMASONEY. M. engraved on an obelisk of Philse. namely. However. from the day this . of Ptolemy. which must be that of Cleopatra. that cartouche must be. letter for letter. and without groping in the dark. : 1. the name of Ptolemy. the savants tried for twenty years without success. He noticed that wherever in the Greek text the proper name of Ptolemy is met with. that it is alphabetic. there may be tain found. L. must be ref ound in the second proper name but. Prior to him people thought each of the letters. S. that Egyptian ' wi-iting contains signs which express sounds . that on this obelisk a hieroglyphic cartouche is visible. ia the hieroglyphic system. put him in cartouches. That the signs contained in 2. whose secret Egypt had kept so long. the L. for. that compose hieroglyphic writing. and the T. tion ? 129 is To ascend from the known to the unknown not beyond the means of prudent criticism. Champollion knew. From this he concluded enclosed within an elliptic space. according to a second Greek inscription. possession of nearly all the other consonants. Although very imperfect. On the contrary. that in every single one of those letters was expressed a complete idea. was a symbol . in other words. At last Champollion appeared. at the same time. at a corresponding place of the Egj'ptian text.. when applied to other the alphabet. Again. Even supposing the vowels omitted. this second proper name furnished K and K. it is to that because it furnished the true key mysterious writing. T. Already we perceive that. which he styled cartotuihe / " That the names of kings were by a sort of escutcheon. indicated. we must not imagine that the deciphering by means of the Kosetta Stone was accomplished at the first trial. thus revealed to Champollion through the names of Cleopatra and Ptolemy. If his first reading was correct.

simply furnished Coptic. The monolith in the Piazza Navona was removed . 1818 France and England wished to see some of those graceful Egyptian pillars in their capitals and now Americans are anxious to have an obelisk in their metropolis. When those English. compared.d. to speak more correctly. in remote ages.130 THE OBELISK AKD FREEMASONRY." "We introduce this graphic and simple passage to show the elements of a science that lights the path to the primitive history of our race. and Italian Egyptologists vied in efforts to discover and contrive a key to the hieroglyphs. Now Coptic. the taste and desire for Egyptian obelisks revived and about a. have been connected with similar characters in the old world. written in hieroglyphs or. Egyptian alphabet. without being had for a long time not been less Therefore the veil was completely removed. The rest may be inferred. and characters should be carefully collected. which has for its object the interpretation of the hieroglyphs. accessible. . Coptic is only the lanas well explored as Greek. coiild certify that proof was furnished. ceived that his alphabet. emblems. and studied. . ia ^vritten. so as to see how they may. . symbols. is a language which. Such is the Eosetta stone. as we previously Greek letters. French. he he possessed the . glyphs. and soon the illustrious founder of Egyptology could lay the foundations of this beautiful science. The Egyptian language was only Coptic. if we know not what they He permean. German. Erom sign to sign ChampoUion really proceeded from the known to the unknown. guage of the ancient Pharaohs. But now remained the language for pronouncing words is nothing. Ouneiform inscriptions and de- cipherings were but a logic sequence to Egyptian hiero- Kow ancient American signs. JSText the fatherland will try to obtain and transfer one to Berlin. Here Champollion's genius could soar. stated. YI. drawn from proper names and applied to words of the language. in its turn.

conqueror of the Khetas. and is." pedestal a poorly-contrived elephant of marble. in front Pantheon of Agrippa.." It was erected imder Pope Alexander VII. No wonder it afiSxed to Bernini the nickname of " The JElephcmt. 1667. IX. whence original erection in Egypt has been attributed to this great Pharoah. ft. apit plied to the vain Domitian. has. Its hieroglyphic inscriptions contain deifying names. has hieroglyphic inscriptions that mention Kameses its II. Whole height Without pedestal (only the shaft) It 48 20 ft. the Minerva has for its work of Bernini. ft. obelisk of Vin.. Without pedestal (only the I 54 lines of the shaft 4 5 in. ft. 1711.d. It fountain round was erected under Clement XI. about a.sometimes styled " Pamphiwhence lian obelisk. hieroglyphic inscriptions. who had it quarried in Egypt. 1651. VII.. like that of the Piazza base.. "Whole height 99 shaft) ft. a Mahuteo its della Rotunda. 131 from the Circus of Caraealla to where it now stands byorder of Pope Innocent X. whose eminent predecessor would not have been guilty of such an artistic solecism.d. ft. was brought to Home.THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONRY. 90. The obelisk on Quirmale del Monte Ca/vallo appears . obelisk of Piazza della The Whole height Without pedestal (only the shaft) It bears 40 17 ft. a. under the direction of the engineer Bernini. a.d. The of the ISTavona. It has a fountain round its base.

Whole height shaft) Without pedestal (only the Bears hieroglyphics. Clocks were then among the unknown things. Zoega has a plate of in his great X. the Greeks received them from the Babylonians. Facundus Novus.. who lived about a. 69-79. work.d. 17-1:8 it drawn on the pavement. and that obelisk. ft.132 to be THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. has in his book " De Re Sustica. 1786. now on were copied from the Flaminian XI. tells : * Herodotus . about 20 b." Here we realize that not only the Egyptians. II. It is sup- posed those it arrived in it Eome without hieroglyphs. and erected in the gardens of Sallust during the reign of Yespasian. 109") "As to the pole. (only the shaft) No hieroglyphics. but the Greeks and Eomans derived knowledge from Assyria. 1789.D. 350. Archeologists say this monument was carried to Eome by SaUustianus Crispus. The obelisk on Monte Citorio was brought to Eome under Octavius Augustus. etc. and watches were in the vocative as late as A. Zoega represents it by plate 7. showing the correspondence of the divisions of the day to the different lengths of the gnomon." at the end of every month. to indicate the hours of the day on a A. prefect of Numidia. broken in two or three places.. or style. PaJladins Eutilius.c. it Whole height Without base. and raised in Campus Martins by the mathematician. under Pius YI. 100 about 43 ft. No. and the day into twelve parts. Under division of the us (B. ^^ ^• 48 ft. a.. It was erected by Antinori during the Pontificate of Pius YI. Hence it was called Sallustian Obelisk. 1477. who so adjusted it as to serve for a gnomon* dial. a table.D. The monolith before the church Trinita del Monte also was erected by Antinori. or gnomon. 6. was found buried and was unearthed.d.

was the founder of the 26th Dynasty.D. The Father of History tells us (B. B. B. It 8.. King of Egypt. having obtained the entire possession of Asia. make Psammitichus a historic landmark for archeologists. day by day. 28. who had it erected at Heliopolis. correspondingly with certain lines of brass. This obelisk has also been ascribed to Kameses II. or Sesostris but this must be an error. was transferred by Antinori. for Psammitichus' name has been deciphered from its hieroglyphs." This event. Zoega shows it in plate and stands on a pedestal of is the same stone. 1T92. father of Psammitichus H. 2.. erected in the cording here what Pliny says Campus Martins. together with the Greek ambassadors.C. met them in Palestine of Syria. prevailed on them to return. by presents and importunity united.. and then again would as gradually increase. has hieroglyphic inscriptions. We cannot help re" The obelisk. whom Greek ambassadors came to consult concerning the Olympic Games. Psammitichus. the extreme length of which corresponded exactly with the length of the shadow thrown by the obeUsk at the sixth hour on the day of the winter solstice. now occupies.. has been applied to a singular purpose by the late Emperor Augustus that of marking the shadows projected by the sun. 151 —161) has much 106 to say about Psammi- and his son Nekos. to. Pius VI.. I. I. and. A.. With this object a stone pavement was laid. attributed to Psammitichus 594 to 588 tichus II. from first Psammitichus grandfather of Psammi- invited Greeks to settle in Egypt. This beautiful monolith II.. : : : . It is of rose-colored syenite. I. and erected the Whole height "Without pedestal (only the shaft) 110 ft... and so measiiring the length of the days and nights. After this period the shadow would go on.— THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONEY. 30. place it it 133 in. 105) « The Scythians. II. that were inserted in the tichus . Herodotus (B. He I. advanced toward Egypt. T2 ft. gradually decreasing.

This with hieroglyphs . or its pocket. this obelisk must have been in an abandoned condition. not even the great Augustus had a thie watch or a clock ia his palaces Xn. A. pope Pius YII. when not every man.d. Zoega calls it the Barberini Obelisk." When the great Danish aicheologist wrote this in Home. who told unless a person very dear to preservation.D. a. on it occur the names of the emperor Adrian. outside of the waUs of Eome. aye. woman. "Hie e Eomanis Whole height pedestal (only the shaft) 57 31 ft. 1797. it : Antinous was born in Bithynia court the emperor and empress were struck with his beauty and adopted him as heir to the Wherever Adrian and Sabina traveled Antinous While in Egypt Adrian consulted accompanied them. and due to ingenuity of Facundus JSTovus. the empress Sabina. he jumped into and drowned himself. Adrian wept and ordered mourning throughout the empire. and their adopted son and favorite. of which he says: obeliscis adhuc cognitis solus expectat * a. savior. Antinous." ferred to the spot it now occupies. 1633. the oracle of Beza. . The obelisk on Monte Pincio was found. and employed all the eminent artists to preserve and perpetuate the beauty and Temples were built. As the occasion of this obelisk was touching and tragic. stone—a deriee well deserving to be known. this alone awaits a. him was immolated for his When Antinous heard of it. 134 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. a priesthood graces of the departed. Without It bears hieroglyphs. we relate when he appeared at throne. ft. the mathematician." This was two millenniums ago.d. her. in the Circus Varianus. 1823. which have been translated by is the latest of the obelisks sev- eral Egyptologists. the ISTile * " Of the Komau obelisks now known. him danger threatened him.! . and child had a gold or silver watch in his. had it transsospitatorem.

. . was transferred in 1817 . An obelisk that adorned the Circus of Flora at Eome was Medici. and a magwas founded on the site of Eeza. and that as Adrian. has been recognized as a god in the which have been founded for him. History severely censures Adrian for showering imperial favors on a dazzled youth. . Augusta try. Spiritualized as a spirit at rest within the limits of the countries. that there occurred the tragic death of Antinous. 132. I give . When tourists pass up the Nile and reach the town of tions Esne. .d.THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONET. etc. . at Rome. . Greek. the ever-living. which thy heart loves. and erected in the Boboli city. statues raised. . etc. . etc. a. graced The obelisk of the Villa Mattei. etc. He etc. . let them remember. Likewise they gave the title of a city to his name. while visiting the ancient ruins. He has been adored by workmen of Thoth. memory was perpetuated by which has since caused many the obelisk of Monte sentimental emotions. ." . etc. graces Monte Pincio. . The chief of the South and North. where the and that city was called Antisad catastrophe happened Such was the occasion of the obelisk that now noopolis. recorded on this obelisk. . In the translation of its . Xin. Gardens of the adorned and rendered famous by the XrV". . and then consulting and listening to sUly oracles. Antinous is justified as a spirit. being the great Lord of every counSabina of life and health established. hieroglyphs thee glory. . . the ever-living. This monolith shows these historic facts: that the ancient Persian. late as Egyptian hieroglyphs and language {Coptic) withstood and Latin conquest and rule. etc. established. nificent city 135 medals were struck. etc. . Several statues of the famous Antinous. carried to Florence. obelisks and hieroglj'phic inscripwere in vogue among the Eoman magnates. are now in the Paris Museum. . we read : " Hadrianus. . which formerly the Ara Cosli of the Capitol. divine places of Egypt. whose Pincio. .

France. differs This monu- from those .. mention the famous Hameses whom its original erection is ascribed. Eome ia being polygonal instead of quadrilateral but. or subject.d. The obeUsh of Aries. ." just issued. The its ancient Samnite city. Perhaps this monolith was brought from Egypt. who. was overthrown and remained in the mire of the Khone. 9 ft. To ment it is vie with Eome. XY. after having adorned the spina of the Circus. ia Sicily. erected an obelisk in front of their cathedral. on a pedestal. 136 to the site THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONEY. Some Latin authors call Aries ArelaUim. " Diction- It is We read in Larousse's naire Universel Velletri. du XIX. Miaerva at Home. of which it is workmanship others formed. a. It is a small fragment of a real it now occupies. for some of their debris have been foimd. has among rich remains an Egyptian obelisk. Height XYH.. mounted on a pedestal of ordiaary granite. etc. like that of Delia placed on the back of an elephant. but history is silent on the quarries of Esterel. had obelisks standing in their squares during Koman sway. adorned it with an obelisk and circus. archeologists consider it of Egyptian tell . 1676. Some us the granite. to 8 ft.. Strabo speaks of it as a commercial emporium Mela mentions it as the richest city in Gallia Narbonensis. Siecle. others Arelate. and poets Arelas. It became the residence of some of the Emperors. the at citizens of Catana. whence it was taken and erected ia the Place Hoyale. wishing to give to Arelatum some of the prestige of Eome. raised considered Egyptian. jBen&ventum. ia Provence. that Cortona. Height It bears hieroglyphs that II. XYI. came from the from those in Corsica. 3 in. Egyptian obelisk.

in Egyptian workmanship. about a. is has been claimed that the obelisk of Catana. as previously stated. Victor. 50 ft. XVHI. The spot. Amon- Ra. not of Such are a few of the votive pillars. Sati (sunbeam). Theodosius the Great had two of the votive monuments transferred from Egypt to Constantinople. transferred from Egypt to Kome and France. The Emperors of the East remembered the wishes of Constantino. who. families. like the Lateran ones. and races. Hence. Ma. translated by Dr. Both were placed in the Hippod/rome. He has gone . who were worshiped by the Egyptians as Nature's productive Only eleven adorn Kome now. Thus do namesakes and patronymics indicate direct or indirect connection between individuals. author. about 50 It would seem as though the Eoit mans tried to imitate the Egyptian obelistic art. mentions six large obelisks and forty-two smaller The others may be found buiied. that already has cities in the great West. from whose notes we quote III. largest of the It is ascribed to two still occupies the same Pharaoh Thothmes HI.d. Birch. for Sicily. now called Almeida/n. One of those attract travelers to and keep them at Rome. They had been raised to the sun god. AITD EEEEMASONRY. 137 ft. Height It bears hieroglyphs. whereas a Roman principle. nations. These mementos of primitive Oriental civilization dbelisTc. Lord of the foundations of the Earth.) " He (Thothmes made it a gift to his father. desired to embellish Byzantium with Egyptian obelisks. and to the sun goddess. tribes. in an essay on the quarters of ancient Rome. named after Memphis and Cairo. monuments in New York will be an honor to the country. called P.: THE OBELISK Height "Without hieroglyphs. 390.

" Gliddon. in his "Ancient Egypt. ft. by 6 This obelisk has been ascribed to a It bears hieroglyphs. a monolith Height.. who. we men- * Mesopotamia. according to Gliddon. and the Tomb of Crurnah:' American savant refers to Thothmes HI. and reigned 377-359 b. was of the Thirtieth Dynasty. XIX.d. XX. Pharaoh named Kectanebo I. corroborates the above when he speaks of " conquests through Central Asia toHindostan" by Pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty." p. round the great waters of Naharma* He has made his frontiers to the tips of the Earth. Top ft.c. Base lines of the shaft lines of the shaft 2 in. One of the obelisks on the Isle of Philse. This desire and taste soon spread to America. the Procession of the Ramessium. and where Gliddon arose. a. 1818 an event. The PhilcB England. the Procession Here the of Medeenet-Haboo.: 138 THE OBELISK AKD FEEEMASOWEY. about 22 2 1 ft. 64. The smallest of the podrome to the Height Base lines of shaft 35 6 ft. though scarcely known. 6 in.. Hieroglyphs ? As this monument had such a romantic career. . two was moved from the HipGardens of the Seraglio. his seats to JSTaharina. ft. . whither Abbott's collection went. is obelisk. since the city of Constantinople was captured by the Tm-ks. which was the prelude to Egyptian collections and museums. whose queen Amense he mentions. in Upper Egypt found its way to England. now at Corfe Castle. mentioned by translations from the hieroglyphic " Tablet of Abydos. Dorsetshke. 1453. Kectanebo was the last Egyptian king of the Egyptian race.

Firdousi. tion 139 Virgil.^'' after visited to England. surnamed Evergetes. I found the consul. town. etc.g. or Lowell. and his queen Cleopatra. whose reign was much disturbed. Abatos means inaccessible. through tlie British consul. Senry Bmikes. 1826. . Egypt in 1818. because only the Egyptian priests could visit that sacred British island. — site could be found in the British Isles —may attract a Ten- nyson. from the Pasha. its bold remover and the new home it found on the green lawns at Corfe Castle than which no more charming . to a. removal from the and the thrilling episodes connected therewith its art-loving owner. Belzoni was then busily engaged in Egyptian explorations. As Belzoni has written an interesting chapter on the subject in his " Kesearches and Operations in Egypt. Valmiki. as soon as tourists know of that such an ancient architectural Castle. the Isle of Wight on the east. might . . and Mr. in order to remove the monolith Some. and that now beholds the Channel on the south. poem. find mateiial for an epic it occupied on of PKilm to England. No doubt. Salt. some of its striking etc. Its royal projectors its the historic spot Isle the 'Nile. and admire the classic taste country with a base Henry Banhes. and Cornwall on the west. we quote a few extracts there- from: " ' On my arrival at Gournou." pp. 321-349. who endowed his residence. Longfellow.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASOTSTRT. and monument that saw the Nile glide along its from l^O e. "We read that Ptolemy YIL. and obtained. Bankes induced him to ascend the Nile with him. Nubia.. A Homer. Mr. where Isis had built a tomb and deposited the remains of Osiris.d. member of Parliament from 1Y80 lo and author of " Civil and Constitutional History of his arduous legislative and literary labors. 1818. permission to remove one of the obelisks of Philse. gem adorns Corfe they will flock thither. near which was the small rockbound Isle of Ahatos. adventures. erected several obelisks at Philse..

. On the 16th of November. . Cairo to repair their boats. to remove the obelisk I had taken possession of before. and have it conveyed to the cataract. . . I must confess. visited we truly magnificent ruins. in removing the obelisk from but once put on its way. . and took a minute survey of those which are so covered with a profusion of objects that. ract. .. Bankes solicited me to ascend the Mle as far as the island of Philse. the weight . " Our party prepared for their voyage to the second cata. . and as we had no tackle . At this period Mr. wishing us better success. and Baron Sack had arrived from Cairo. On the 21st of l^ovember. The obelisk was now ready to be embarked The pier appeared strong enough to bear at least forty times . The consul then informed me that he had ceded the said obeMr. . . Ednu. . he might still find somethiag new to Next day the party arrived at Assouan. with the obelisk and some of the men. and I went to the island of Philaa to take a view of the bank where I was to embark the obelisk. and majestically descended into the river. it soon came to its original station 1818. the pier. if a traveler was to repeat his visits every day of his life. Bankes. Mr. took a slow movement. as I his own accoimt. be observed. who intended to send it to England on I gladly accepted the undertaking. except what they procure from the water-side. it retarded the' work one or two days longer. and of obliging a gentleI man " fii-st for whom had great regard. There is no wood in those places. where it was to be launched. and for some minutes. ! it had to support but alas when the obelisk came gradually on from the sloping bank. I was not three yards ofE when this happened. at first. Bankes. Tfte joedestal It owing to its square form. I had some difficulty. and aU the weight rested on it. 1818. lisk to was pleased to of antiquity on have the opportunity of seeing another piece its way to England.whatever. . was rather more troublesome. was almost buried under the rubbish. and very little wood. in the name of the British consul.140 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONKT. we left Thebes for the cataract of the K^ile.

and the blame of the antiquarian republic in the world.THE OBELISK AND EKEEMASONRY. I began to reflect. were of various humor some went one way. 1819. . I 141 remained like a post. I found that the loss would only be two Mr. .. BelzoniP . things would 'hajypen sometimes. in consequence of the obelisk below. pointed pistols at Belzoni for removing and other dramatic incidents but suffice it to say that Belzoni. M. and that Belthe obelisk. . desert. whence it was shipped to England. The effects of surprise did not last long. since translated by Col. and saw the possibility of taking the obelisk up again. to contemplate . . . suborned by an Italian speculator. 1835must be considered as theoretical pioneers. and I remained alone. The laborers .. Bankes. Lake. may truly be called the practical pioneers of modem monmnental Egyptology whereas Champollion and explored Egypt in 1828. lent me a small house in Eosetta.. seated on the bank. . the little part which projected out of the water. before he departed for the great who Nubia^'' 1845. Belzoni tells us that. I informed him that the obelisk was not lost. Bankes. some another. left who resided in Alexandria. and his obelisk safely reached Rosetta. where I Mrs. near the British agency. in the west- ern desert. Moreover. in this operation. . published by the French government.. . : ' . On his arrival he said that sioch this happened. and that in two or three days it The two next days were employed would be on boai-d. zoni started for the temple of Jupiter Ammon. April 20. and laid the foundation for the great work styled " Monuments of Egypt mid Rosellini. . .. etc. Bankes was not there when or three days' work. . " an English merchant.^ . The first thing that came into my head was the loss of such a piece of antiquity. . Bankes discovered the inscription on the left leg of the colossus at Elephantine. and the eddies made by the current on that spot." We might add that a band of ruffians. Mr. while Belzoni was occupied at the obelisk.. Hence Belzoni and Henry .P.

point in the same direction. These Egyptian. and 1 ft. Two known small obelisks of darTc-green lascdt grace the Egyptian department of the British Museum. saw and admu-ed them. Cairo. queen of Illyria. Height (only the shaft) Base lines of shaft Hieroglyphic inscriptions.g. Siecle" known are of roseis colored granite. " The French discovered the famous Rosetta stone" that Thus may formed the foundation for Egyptology.143 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRY. . together 1818. which at Syene." Here is another mistake. glyphs on these obelisks attract much 8 1 attention. in came from some quarry incorrect. who ogist. 1798. 9 in. XXI.. and "We read again in the same work " The obelisk is peculiar to Egypt ancient Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations seem not to have known it. with the Belzoni and Bankes explorations. and another Teutaens. Niebuhr. not of rose-colored granite. ft. called syenite. as the obelisks They are where the German areheolof ISTectanebo. In Laronsse's just issued. 2 in. reigned from 377 to 359 e. ft." This statement the two above-named obelisks are of dark-green basalt. and Celtic names have much analogy with the Teutones may there not have been early connection or intercourse between the progenitors of these . 5 in. '' D'lctionnaire TJniversel : we read " All the obelisks du ^IIX^. were the dawn of modern Egyptology. * Perhaps the Celtic god Teutates was derived from Thoth. Assyria had a king called Teiitanes. Height 5 ft. it be said that the French expedition to Egypt. : . raised them before the Temple of Thoth. different races and nations ? The province in Asia Minor called Tenth- rania and Teuta.* who was to the Egyptians what Mercury was to The delicately-engraved hierothe Greeks and Romans. 6 in. Assyrian. for Upper Egypt. for in the British Museum are two obelisks. one of them was discovered in the palace of Kimrod.

attitudes of kings that look very Masonic. Do Solo- mon's white at pillar.g.700 years. A. It is of hlaoTc 143 marble^ covered with cuneiform inscriptions. Instead of tapering to a point.c. 2800 e.c. and the white stone deposited by Architect Pontius at the base of the Thothmes obelisk Alexandria. which seem to correspond with the three steps on the pedestal of the American obelisk. and noticed. Thames. is of white Height 8 ft. these hints should be thoroughly scrutinized by the Masonic fraternity. not the white obelisk in ISTimrod's palace. Nile.D. Abraham's progeny must have copied from that of Asshur. 23 b. (858823 B. Thus Assyria copy would Masonic symbols point to Assyria for prototypes. village of Luxor. Euphrates. . mentioning Shamas-Pul. pillars has cuneiform inscriptions. the latter black. the Assyrian pillars may have a similar meaning. The obelish of Luxor. recently discovered by Commander Gorringe.. It is It covered with bas-reliefs. it has three steps on the top. and thus cover a period of 4. the former white. the other black found in Assyrian ruins. 1880. in now linking the Hudson ? We have lately Assyrian illustrations.— — THE OBELISK AND FREEMASOKET. 986 b.). friendship.C. 2 in. Solomon's Temple had two pillars Jachin and Boaz. Thenceforth. symbolize purity. residence of the kings of Thebes. XXII. Queri Did : from Solomon. recording the annals of the reign of Shalmanaser II. hospitality. representing battle-scenes. Here are two obelisks or —one is white. The other of the two Assyrian obelisks mwrble. and discovered by Commander Gor- ringe. Paris. or did Solomon copy from Assyria ? As Assyrian art antedates all others. If Solomon's pillars have a symbolic or Masonic meaning. on Place de la Concorde at This monoUth was transferred to France under the It stood near the little Its direction of the engineer Lebas.

ing The tak- by means of apparatus. twin stands jet in the same place. August 14: Planetary configuration at the Urth of Amos II. coasted along France as far its as Havre . As the inscriptions on the pedestal of the obelisk standing on the Victoria Embankment at London give its epitomic history. ?) corresponds to Ahgust 1831 B. 92 (only its shaft) ft. Sam. August 15. Some months de la after it was erected in the centre of the Place Concorde. 1831. X 8 ft.C. and two months after the monolith was placed on the ship. south. Birch's translation. expressly constructed at Toulon and towed to Alexandria by a man-of-war. landed month of September. middle columns on three of the The hieroglj-phs on the faces north. (Eameses H. sailing precious cargo at Paris. and those on the face west Eameses HL The veteran Egyptologist. was successfully effected. ft. 76 8 5 Base lines of shaft ft. on a pedestal of granite brought from Brit- tany. Amos H. then add its hieroglyphs. Top lines Weight about 246 tons. named Luxor. which traversed the of the obelisk down Mediterranean. 1831.. we quote the whole. etc. Lebas. especially those of the three sides. Hieroglyphics on the four sides are admirably engraved. "Whole height "Without base. invented by M. in the up the Seine. on the Paris Monolith^'' which means. A vessel. that the birthday : of Pharaoh 14. Gustavus Seyffarth. passed the Straits of Gibraltar. 214 " B.144 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET. . XXni. C. ft. and east concern Eameses H. sailed up the Nile and landed before Luxor. before tHe palace of the Pharaohs. with Dr. We are told its removal and erection cost £80. 4 in.000. has in his ''Summa/ry of Recent Discoveries^'' p. then.

. S. H. Joseph Benbow. was recovered and taken into Ferrol Harbour. 11 lbs. Benjamin Baker. C. F. 145 Transported to England and erected on this spot in the forty-second year of QUEEN By VICTORIA. Presented to the British Nation. C. January 30. etc. Waynman GEOEGE DOUBLE. Gen.E. ft. 1877. Stephenson. it Encased in an iron cylinder was roUed into the Sea August 29. William Patan.E. Birch. O. O. 5 10 in.S. E. LL. JOHN DIXON. F. Viceroy of Egypt. 7 cwt. William Donald. it Abandoned in a storm in the Bay of Biscay. Hieroglyphic inscriptions. John Fowler. William Asken. Vivian. Base lines of shaft x 7 ft. 1 in. Top lines of shaft Mass or volume Weight 4 ft.B. Whole height Without base. x 5 ft. THIS OBELISK. it reached The Thames.d. Vioerm/ of Egypt.. 1819. 68 8 in. 1877. H.B. Hon. Sir J. in grateful Eemembrance of NELSON AND ABEECEOMBY.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET.E. Manager of Works. The work was further aided by H. C. was. 3 stones. In charge of Captain Carter. 186 tons. " Cleopatra " during the storm. in. O. Michael Burns. only the shaft 7 ft. Giovanni Demetrio. 1878. by MOHAMMED ALI. Alexander. October 14. Hating fallen prostrate in the sand at Alexandria. Charles Swinburne. a. H.. 10 in.678 cubic feet. 1878. ISMAEL PACHA.E. about 3. Perished in a brave attempt to succour the Crew of the Obelisk Ship. and ERASMUS WILSON. whence.D. Dixon. James Gardner.

the powerful bull. lord of the festivals. lord of the two coun- Ka-user-ma. LL.D. as Embankment. Keeper of Oriental Antiquities in "First side. son of the Sim. The Horus of the upper and The powerful bull. The Horns of the upper and lower country. according to his wish he did it. Eight line. beloved of of countries. when erected on Horus. — . cro^vned by Truth. TBANSLATION OF THE HIEROGLYPHS ON THE ENGLISH OBELISK. beloved of Haremachu (Horus in the horizons) ever living.A. Amen. the tries. Left line. like Ptah-Tanen. " First side. Ka-user-ma. a strong bull. approved of the Sun. ''Second side. son of the Sim. toward river (south). —The his monument to his father. approved of the Sun. beloved of the Sun.. the powerful bull. Kamen Cheper. he has up to Haremachu (Horus in the him two great obelisks. like the Sun.). son of the Sun giver of life. BY SAMUEL BIKCH.). ESQ. First side. chastiser of foreign countries. whom none can withstand. Eamen Clieper. beloved of Sea. the King of the ISTorth and South... —The Horus of the upper and lower country. lord of diadems.. son of Tum.146 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. type of types did it.).). The lord of the gods has multiplied to him festivals on the great Persea lower country. Kameses like the Sun. giver of life. beloved of the two approved of the Sun. Ka-user-ma.C. erected on Central line. Amen. The King of the North and South. F. the powerful bull. lilve the son Nu (Osiris). capped with gold. King of the South and North. Kameses. guardian of Egypt. at the first time of the festivals of thirty jears. the British JHuseum.S. has made Central line toward east Embankment. crowned" in TJas or Thebes. the King of Upper and Lower Egypt. son of the — Sun Kamessu (H. the son of the Sun Thothmes (III. lord of the upper and lower coTintiy.L. to the poles of Heaven. dragging the South to the Mediterranean North (II. Kamessu '^ Amen. set horizons). the lord of (H. D.

M'^i HPffliiinii liifflnfiii 'fh^ o -5 S^1l: A"! i fit Mi k ^3 . IV} ?l The Hieroglyphs on the four sides of the London {From ChampoUion. ./TiN w.) Obelisk.


lord of festivals of thirty years. the King of the South and North. of the god Chepera. He. making his frontier wherever he wished. the powerful bull. the lord of the two countries.). ruler of An (Heliopolis). . the goddess. weU-beloved of Ea. Ea-user-ma. Ea-user-ma. beloved of his loins. beloved of men. His it father. approved of the Sun. North and South. Ea. west side. son of Tum. tree in the is 147 midst of the place of the Phoenix (Heliopolis). the lustre of the Sun. a divine chief. —The bull. ever living. the dignity of Cheper. the powerful bull. Thothmes (III. beloved of Haremachu (Horus in the horizons).). approved of the Sun. —The Horus. Thothmes (HI. King of the South Tum. has Sun.user-ma. beloved of Amen. approved of trait. directing the two given him birth. Ea-user-ma. Eamessu beloved of Amen. approved son of the Sun. lower country. lord of the upper and lower country. true. the lord of the two countries. Eamessu (H. King of the ISTorth and South.). country. as erected on Em- bankment.). Athor. placing in the temple belonging to An (Heliopolis). Eamessu (II. the and North. " Second side. holding the two lands (of Egypt) as the son of the Sun. " Second side. the powerful bull. Left line. countries. beloved of Truth. the son of the Sun. Central line. ful The golden rich in years. " Third Eight line. approved of the Sun. the Eight line. the the eyes of manliind behold what he has done . —The Horus of the upper and of the An (Heliopolis). the son of the Sun. the Sun. Ea-user-ma. recognized as his son. who is at rest through his power. giver of life. " Third side. son of the Sun. giving him the throne of Seb. born of the gods. has set up to him his great name. the powerful Horus of the upper and beloved of Truth. Eamen Cheper. —The Horus of the upper and most power- lower. son of the King .THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONET.). like the Sun. like his father. his limbs come forth daily as he wishes. the son of the Sun. nothing has been said in opposition to the lord of the two countries. Eamessu (H. lower country. Ptah. good and beloved of the spirits of side. beloved of Amen.

bull of rulers. beloved of Amen. and central line toward road (north). like the Sun. beloved of the god of the upper crown. Eamessu (11.148 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONET. powerful victor. the powerful bull. the Sun born of the gods. giver of life. Ea-user-ma. Ea-user-ma. son of Ptah-Tanen. approved of the Sun. — hawk of gold. that he might repose through in the horizons) ever living. ings. The Horus. as erected on Embankment. the Ka-user-ma. Thothmes (III. beloved of Amen. An (Heliopolis). the lord of the two countries. the — son of the Sun. the son of the Sun. Ea-user-ma. lord of Eamessu (11. beloved of men. Eamessu (11. son of Shu. like the Sun.). Eamen Cheper. approved of the Sun. the King of th. Eamessu (II. bringing his offer- ing daily in the house of his father Tum . the greatest of vic(II.). the son of the Sun. approved of the Sun. Eamessu beloved of Amen. Ea-user-ma. Ramessu (II. the strong hand. lord of the two countries. son of the Sun. giver of the Sun. beloved of Amen. beloved of Tum. holding the countries. ''Fourth side.). the son of the Sun. nought has been done. the powerful bull. Left line. . the tors. Ea-user-ma. director of Egypt. approved of Ra. The Honis lord of the upper and lower country. the lord of diadems. beloved of Ea. The Horus lord of the two countries. the powerful bull. as he did in the house of his father.). ^^ Fourth side. Left line. beloved of Amen. rich in years.). the King of the South and North. lord of the upper and lower country.). —The Horus of the upper and offer- lower country. giver of life. the son of life. making supplying the altar of the spirits of An (Heliopolis). beloved of Haremachu (Honis of the year.). King of kings. " Third side. "Fourth side. the Iving of the South and Xorth. welcoming their persons at the two times them with a sound life of hundreds of thousands of years with very numerous festivals of thirty years. the King of the — South and North. son of the Sun. beloved of the gods. Eight line. chastiser of foreign lands. approved of the Sim.e South and North. the divine ruler. approved of Sun.

in his " Dictionnaire Augustus. It seems to have been erected merely as a funeral monument. at Berlin. The Memphis tomb to Berlin obelisJe is the earliest known. and debris of several others which have been overthrown. the great god. caused to be transferred to du XIX. and The the inscriptions are the titles names and titles of the of Thothmes III. XXV. Florence. Brugsch. Usurtasen at Heliopolis.. and the announcement of each of his special gifts. it The Prussian expedition. as Brugsch f * Brugsch's " History of Egypt. fering to the gods of Heliopolis. which." vol. now in the Koyal Museum. I.* reigned from about 3700 to 3300 It is of limestone. with hands ofEa and Atum. which proves that obelisks were originally used for funeral purposes. we may see the eleven standing in the Eternal City. in our day. in Egypt.). approved of the Sun. son of the Sun. according b. letri. leading captive the lord of the 149 Kutenmx (Syrians) and Peti (Libyans) out of their countries to the seat of the house of his father.^^ obelisks Home and Italy. many Siecle. and Cortona had obelisks standing in their squares during the We here add the five obelisks Boman sway. the two principal deities The offerings are water. We count. Height. p.." XXIY. milk." vol. incense. 127.THE OBELISK AND TEEEMASONET. t I. under Lepsius. " History of Egypt. two countries." " The scenes on the pyramidion represent the monarch Thothmes III. only It is 2 ft. now standing obelisk. erected tells us. Eamessu (II.. like the Sun. discovered in a of Manetho's 5th dynasty. deities. and bears the name of its occupant. beloved of Shu. and some other emperors. beloved of Amen. under the form of a sphinx. 1842. Vel- Benevento. . The most ancient by Pharaoh " rises in the 68. Larousse tells us. p. wine.o. Ka-user-ma.

by 6 ft. and raised this It is of monument Ka is about 2433 b. . and the best preall served of the Egyptian obelisks." and observes X " Its : four sides contain hieroglyphic inscriptions of the following meaning. and some houses of well-to-do Egyptians. the good Grod Cheper-ka-ra has executed this work in the beginning of the thirty years circle he the dispenser of life for evermore. land. TJsurtasen Acwas of the 12th dynasty of to Thebes. Brugsch t speaks of its hieroglyphs as " characters deeply and beautifully cut in the red granite. in the immediate neigliborliood of the village of Materieh. ft. who scarcely laiow on what famous I. the lord of the double crown. 1 in.c. the son of the Sun-god Ka. ft. away from the salt air. midst of green corn-fields. soil their feet tread. vol. who are born. Hence Jesus saw I. The life for those. 31. 3 in. the purest rose-colored syenite. X Ibid. repeated four times in the same words : The Hor of the Sun." cording to Bi-ugsch. JJsurtasen. the life for those. t P.150 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. The king of the upper and lower Cheper-ka-ra. which probably owing to its standing inland. the friend of the spirits of On. and Mary carried the child Jesus to escape from Herod. who are born. this obelisk during his childhood. Height Base lines of shaft 66 6 6 in.* consisting of a few liuts of poor Arabs. * Said to be the place where Joseph. ever living the golden Hor who are born the life for those.

XXYHI. ft. reigned 1600 b.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONEY. an obelisk I.C. according to Brugsch. This four-sided inscription the is terser 151 and more expressive . Another obelisk at Karnak. the highest monolith known is the obelisk at ascribed to Hatasu.313 years.. XXIX. 1 in. Weight.D. the Usur- tasen obelisk has been standing in the B. Where is there another instance of the kind is XXVI. 1880. According to Brugsch's chronology. village near the ruins of ancient Thebes. by 4 ft. who. 297 tons. Without pedestal. at Crocodilopolis that is as- cribed to Pharaoh Usurtasen Some attribute it to Thoth- Height Base lines of shaft Hieroglyphs. There mes I. than any of the numerous translations we have read so that Egyptian Pharaohs must have grown much more prolix since their illustrious predecessor Usurtasen. ft. mes I. to A. sister of Pharaoh Thothmes HI. "Whole height 122 ft. according to Gliddon Hieroglyphs. only the shaft (according to Mariette) 108 ft. whom some call Sesostris I. 43 6 ft.c. Weight. 10 in. according to Wilkinson Hieroglyphs. stands the twin obelisk of the one that was carried . 400 tons. and is same spot from 2433 yet in good preserva? tion. or 4. At Luxor. 9 in. attributed to Thoth- Height Base lines of shaft 90 8 ft. XXVn. Kamak.

and adorns now the Place de la to Paris a. 4.152 THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONKT. and historic monuments. and called it ''Belation de VEgypte^'' to Timbiictoo . de Sacy translated Abdallatif 's work. Lately private citizens of the Old and New World have evinced a point fi'om the Earth to the decided taste for this graceful Egyptian structure of red ." he says.d. but they somewhat differ in shape from those of Egypt. They have no hieroglyphs and are of later date. and governments gloried in them. No doubt. Explorers say there are many obelisks in Nubia. appointed by Saladin. Abdallatif visited Alexandria and resided there for some time in the twelfth If this is correct. he tried to penetrate that countiy by the Xiger and lost his life. had thrown down and broken those columns to construct a breakwater. 1831. some entire. governor of Alexandria. which they supported. The Egyptians raised them as funeral. . Belzoni was allured by exaggerated accounts of natives. emperors." JM. as rays dart from the Sun and Moon to Earth. tells us that he himself saw about four hundi-ed columns of the same material lying on the margin He relates how they came there. Abdallatif. votive. Thus did Europe value and import Oriental obelisks. Height Hieroglyphs. the obelisk now on its way to New York. Eor ages kings. The " Pillar of the Colonnades " here mentioned was. who told him of remarkable ruins and remains consequently. century of our era. see B. some broken. Mahometan vandalism was practised on Egyptian monuments as on the Alexandiian Library. c. many of which have been overthrown and now lie buried for the Saracen historian. Con- corde. no doubt. " all roimd the Pillar of the Colonnades remains of those columns. and that the of the sea. Egypt was the land of obelisks.. It was evident that those columns had been covered by a roof and cupola. which Sun and Moon. 82 ft. " I have seen. I.

and modern Masonry. etc. and one is on its way to the great western Republic. much might now be known concerning the connection between ancient. now interrogate the relics of the museums at Boulac. Munich. Secretary Evarts. 153 Such has especially composed of quarts. felspar. best in a sort of wicker-work is. etc.. etc. Eome. gained favor among the European races and their progeny in the Western Hemisphere may be realized in visiting Pere etc. Appolonius of Tyana. who ignored the simple but graceful obelisk. removed from oriental countries. lish-speaking populations. Paris. and soon more light will penetrate hazy proto-historic recesses. Pontius. Lebas. Gorringe.THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOJSTET. where Nimrod. I.. la Chaise. London. However. Dixon. so significantly symbolic four thousand years ago in the rock-excavated Masonic Temple of Seti and Eameses II. Zoroaster. been as observing as Belsoni and Commander Gorringe. Fontana. Wilson. Greenwood. has revealed the arcana of the Pharaohs to an American observer. and Consul Farman are making endow America with one of Egypt's How this ancient form of monument has precious relics. Sesostris. may. have thus shown. that about twenty-five ancient were removed to Europe. Stebbins. better late than never. Had Pontius. . shake hands and connect eastern and western Masonry by assumoriental obelisks We ing the Triangula/r Sun and Serpent Apron. Dixon. Pythagoras. medieval. . Washington. New York. Paracelsus. known to the projectors. Dixon. Franklin. As yet. Berlin. granite or syenite.. Haunt Aiiburn. at the base of Thothmes' obelisk. Kensal Green. have achieved vi^onders in England Herculean efforts to Ilurlburt. Lebas.. Belzoni. only one of the twenty-five obelisks. llends. and hornbeen the case among the EngBankes. Gorringe. Faeundus Novus. Why Let us the pillars at the entrance of the otherwise chaste Masonic Temple of l^ew York terminate no doubt. where so many funeral tributes assimie the form of graceful heavenward-pointing obelisks.

a man Ai.c. architects were usually of the royal family. 490 b. from the women's house of the king. These names have been. *Vol. Betigsch has.* architect of the Pharaoh Senoferu. Setat. As these names show that operative Masonry was highly esteemed in Egypt. of the blood royal. They prove that translated from hieroglyphic inscriptions. Hontnes. Pehen-ka. Khtifa-hotep.c. who date from the Third Dynasty According to Gliddon.. Sem-nofer." a curious list of names of royal architects. architect of the Pharaoh Teta. Dynasty reigned about 2132 b. Pharaoh Eiufii and his husband of Khenshut. married to a king's grand-daughter named Amon- Zefes. Uah-mee.: CHAPTEE XVI. husband of the king's daughter.. or connected therewith. Brugsoli's "History of Egypt. of the Sixth Dynasty. "FT A PTT. son of the wife." . Meei-ea-ank. but married to the lady Noferhotep. a king's child. Khuftt-ankh. the Third to Darius I. Mee-aj3. of low extraction. PiESOJsr. we give this list of Grand Masters. Ti. p. 48. I. of whom both theoretic and operative Masons of all ages and countries may feel proud Heka. a celebrated architect under King Pepi. in his " History of Egypt. Ra-ue. of the same dynasty.

Si-NEE-NEMEN-HiB. chief burgomaster. architect. architect. Za-hib. (about 490 b. chief burgomaster. architect of Upper and Lower Egypt. architect of Upper and Lower Egypt. UzA-KJHTjiirsTJ. a high functionary of King Z'a-sar (lived in the time of the Third Dynasty). Hoe-em-saf. architect..c). Zan-hibti. Nasshunu. Egypt. Brugsclx's "History of Egypt. prophet of Amon-ra.THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. I. architect. third. architect of Upper and Lower Egypt (m. JfAssHUNir. architect of S. architect. p. chief burgomaster. and N. commander. Za-hib. Pepi. second. chief burgomaster. commander. architect-. cliief J^oeee-Mennu. 299. architect of Upper and Lower Egypt. ZA-mB. commander. Uah-ab-R'a Ean-hee. architect. Amon-hie-pi-Mesh'a. architect. king of the gods. Sit-IS'ofee-Tum). and 155 IST. chief burgomaster. architect. BoK-EN Khtjnsu. II. architect of Upper and Lower Egypt in the 27th and 30th years of King Darius *Vol. commander. R'a-hotep. chief burgomaster. architect. architect. Mermee. burgomaster. commander. IfAssHuinT. architect. commander. Ankh-Psamthik. architect. Egypt. Mi (or Ai). A'ahmes Si-nit. Imhotep. commander. architect of S. Knum-ab-E'a. king of the gods. chief minister of works for the whole country . chief burgomaster. and fourth prophet and high-priest of Amon. chief burgomaster. secret seer of Heliopolis. architect." . commander. ^N^ASSHTOfLT. Pedigree of the AroJiiteots* Ka-nofee.

ilaj'. on the festival of the 10th day of Amon's festival on his splen- did feast of Southern offered to the Ape? then was a sacrifice god (in) his great place. god was wondei-ful After this I went in The god went thither on his feet to celebrate his beautiful festival. The account of Thothmes' laying of the corner-stone was translated from hieroglyphs. or a period of The ancient Egypsixteen hmidred and forty-two years. And the Holi- ness of this to behold. The advent of the day of the new moon was fixed for the festival of the laying of the foundation-stone of this memorial. "We cannot help connecting with this operative Masonic galaxy the imposing ceremony of laying a corner-stone by young Pharaoh Thothmes III.. . . [Then drew near 384. . then I (the king) wished to place a memorial to my father.. Prince of "Wales.156 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY.. " According to the express order of the king himself. to erect (his) dwelling. Amon-Ea. a. .* whereas that of Prince Albert was transmitted with lightning speed along cables and telegraph wires. I say l^Tever have I set out such a memorial to any other. and of H. R. 1880.. this was put down in writing communications were orally carried on as to the erecting of a memorial building. etc.d. that in all truth.. tian or Coptic word for architect was Murket. in Ape. about 1600 B. . " I gave the order to prepare the cord and pegs (for the laying of the foundation) in my presence. Albert Edward. H. " In the year 3i. in Egypt. to accompany the father Amon.g. " The (official) plan of the architect made the beginning. extended from 2133 to i90 e. . I. styled architects and commanders.C. laying the corner-stone of Truro Cathedral." Vol. p. etc. which glorifies. on the last day of the month Meldiir. . ^BrugBch's "History of Egypt. at Buto. Thus tliis venerable body of men.. . the three sides of which bend toward the canal .

" Here both the stone and the inscription break off. Then was I full of joy when I saw the great wonder which my father had done for me ... yes him. on account of my love for him. I. all that he had done. the cannon roared in rhythm. 157 The cord and the pegs were ready. " The lines of the fields were drawn . [before] He went out..THE OBELISK the form] of this god.. Then was Then [the beautiful feast Holiness] of this god went further. and all men rejoiced.. Then his Holiness placed me before him toward this me- morial. My heart was in a joyful humor at that beautiful procession to make There was laid in the founa beginning of this memorial. As the trumpets sounded the first notes of the national anthem... 1880. [By Cable to tlie New York Herald. and the was celebrated to my lord. the gods and goddesses . ANT> FREEMASONRY. . May 22. because . dation-stone a document with all the names of the great circle of the gods of Thebes... After this .. is printed in Mariette's Some signs in the hieroglyphic text need rectification.] LoNDOisr. plate 19. Then the Holiness of this divine one wished first himself to give the stroke of the keep out the water] of the inundations of the of the pickaxe. and the work of the first stroke of the hammer for the laying of the foundation-stone was to be performed. to complete the business of the laying of the foundation-stone. *The whole inscription The Prince then adKamak. THE PEESTCE OF WALES GEAITO MASTER OF THE CEEEMONIES... And I began.* LAYING THE CORNER-STONE OE TRURO CATHEDRAL— A MASONIC PAGEANT.. [to fields .. hammer .. the Holiness of this god full of joy at this memorial.... " Then I came forward.. of copper was prepared for him...

set the priests in their apparel with trumpets to the Lord. But. Beetheen. thanks unto the Lord. the tive masons. true and faithful to the laws of our country. They were intrusted to Masons in ancient times. Beetheen earliest days. You will therefore be proud to have aided me. when. and. from the has been identified with all that is beautiful and grand in architecture. Then. tect of the Universe. as I have been proud to work with you. brethren. be an and province for centuries to come. in commencing a building which. vanced to lay the foundation stone. and they praise Israel. the great Architect and Creator of all things. And. because the foundations of the House of the Lord were laid. after the ordinance of David. anb Feiends Be it known to you that we be lawful Masons. It is a temple to be erected to the glory and worship of our Heavenly Father. because endureth forever toward He is good. the ornament to this city builders laid the foundations of the Temple of the Lord. and delivered the following speech to the assembled Masons The Princes Masonic Speech. . addressing the Bishop. adornment of the world. And all the for His mercy people shouted with a great shout when they praised the Lord. King of And they sang together in praising and giving Israel. whatever minor differences may be among us. I feel sure that the same spirit must be in your minds this day which animated the Jews of old. we trust. will. Although not ourselves opera- My : we have from time immemorial been associated with buildings to be raised for the benefit of mankind. His Eoyal Highness said Loed Aechbishop. by the beauty of its design and the solidity of its construction.: : 158 THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONET. and the glory of the Great ArchiWe have among us secrets concealed fi-om those who are not Masons. it is something far more than this. : "We are an ancient fraternity which. but they are lawful and honorable. as Ezra tells us. and not opposed to the laws either of God or man.

saying "I find the stone plumb." by the level. and : declare it duly prepared. here to-day in the presence of you the worship of the Prince of the that us. it is 159 our duty to We are assembled all to erect a house for God may prosper as it Most High. 20th may. saying " I find the stone level and that the craftsmen have labored Then he proved it by the square. masons of england.: : THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONRT. and square. most worshipful grand master of the a.6. and that the craftsmen A : have prepared it true and trusty. and of the Prince.. which we pray seems good to liim. saying " I find this. truly laid. 1880. MART OF is TRtJRO placed by k. level. smooth mortar stone was lowered and the Prince applied the plumb and rule. The Grand Treasurer then deposited a coins bottle containing and a copy of the Order in Council creating the See of Trm-o. of the county. and of the city. having been faithfully transmitted to convey them inviolate to our posterity." it Then he proved skillfully." worked . and a. The Earl of Mount Edgeeumbe then handed the Prince a silver trowel bearing the several arms of the Grand Lodge. his royal highness the duke of cornwall. f. stone to be plumb. of the Bishop. The Prince then called upon the Grand Secretary to read the inscription on the plate over the cavity stone THIS CORNER STONE OF THE CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF ST. Mnblems and Formulas. and that the craftsmen have well.

May good-will and brotherly love ever prevail among those who shall worship in this house to the glory of the Most High. Central Africa. might find ample Any We are told Egyptian imder Thothmes HI.. So mote it be. sown here in the hearts of men. India.d. he said '• I pour out wine upon this stone as the symbol of strength and gladness. . whereas to convey those of Thothmes it required months and years. conjecture. struck the stone three times with the a golden cornucopia. . globe. ever perform their allotted part in the service of the Great Architect with cheerfulness and singleness of heart. telegraph and cable.C." Then. So mote it be. rule. moment. fiashed Prince Albert's words to the confines of the earth. to say nothing of other differences. Bactria.." " I scatter corn upon the stone The Egyptian and English comparison. he said " I sprinkle this stone with oil as the emblem of peace and harmony. saying He scattered corn from as an emblem of plenty and abundance.. God's best gifts. The Prince then mallet. 1600 B.. pouring oil from a golden vase.: : : 160 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRT. We know that the British Empire encircles the in a and is connected by steam. which. May those who work upon the building and those who shall hereafter meet within its walls. corner-stone laying suggests one inclined to compare the political and social status of Egypt under Thothmes HI. and of England under Yictoria." Then. 1880. pouring wine from a golden chalice. take root and bring forth fruit hundredfold to their benefit and His glory. So mote it be. extended to Mesopotamia. a. Dedication of the Stone. May they be good seeds of His words. until time shall be no more. and the Grecian Isles but this is scope for poetic and historic strains.

I'Amerique." states that Wodan This tradition also was the grandson of a personage who. Humboldt : (in his Goths and the nations of Celtic origin. * See Woden or Odin. or Wodan. top. and secret ceremonies. p. According to an ancient Mexican tradition the Indians of Chiapa had a hero called Wodan. " America." vol. . I. or Holy Trumpet. the asylum for such as desire to work and be free. 1. . Algonkins there were three degrees Humboldt 3. "The North American Indians had similar secret societies like fore its discovery : . whose sayings were deemed oracular their number was limited. or Votcm. devoted to the goddess Centcofl.. 1492.* whom the Great Spirit {TeotV) ordered to go and people the country of "Monuments de " This Yotan. Among the 2." The question has been asked whether there had been Masonry in the "Western hemisphere beby Columbus. 382) says seems to be of the same family as the Wods or Odins of the Anahuac or Mexico. JossakeedP found among the Orinoco Indians the order of the Botuto. Wavheno . Meda. The Gollahuayas of Peru also practised societies. and they spent their time in making historic paintings for the instruction of the people. were sages. Mackenzie partly answers this question in a short article on Mexican Myste" The Mexicans (Aztecs) had reliries." They had orders for youths and old men the latter.: CHAPTEE XYn. in which he tells us gious orders and secret ceremonies like other nations. 100.

It extended even to the ancient Peruvians and Freemasons of our day practise it in some of their rites. and Mahometans observed it. 162 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONEY. reads . "We might speak of Plato's Atlantis . Let us begin with a custom that pervaded antiquity. who sailed with a Welsh colony to the "Western hemisphere 1170. who discovered Winland (Canada) about A. medieval and modern times. gether with his family. which.D.d. "We consulted Lord Kingsborough's " Antiquities of Mexico. of the Phenician inscription f oimd in Brazil.* during certain rites and ceremonies.: . : Northmen occupied to the this land (with) Thorfins" (according Saga of Thorfinn this occupation happened a. translated by Finn Magnusen. 1001. The Abyssinian Christians and Druids adhered to it. The disciples of Pythagoras were enjoined to sacrifice and worship with their shoes off.C. being translated by Senor Ladislao JSTetto. . Jews. following f^ ." among which we found Masonic indications like the — . and extended over the old and new world before Columbus that custom was Disocdceation. of the Icelanders. Christians. Massa" 151 chusetts. and traded with the natives over a hundred years of the Eunic inscription on Dighton Eock. which. Director of the Eio Museum. was alone saved from a imiversal deluge. says that a Phenician colony sailed from the Eed Sea and landed in Brazil about 500 B. 1007) and of prince Madoc.

four of which are repeated several times. etc. has acquired a linguistic. that those great authors sonry. S' :0I 'Si' Cb . we say no more. cross. is a real curiosity. We 'B: can months. Egyptian. Eome. and the thirteen dotted circles around them marked the Mexi- to thirteen. copied from Lord Kingsborough's work. with a central dot in each. It is even found on Gothic cathedrals and fortifications of Central Europe. so that the ancient dwellers of the Western Continent must have known of its esoteric mean- Hmdu ing. ©I m This primitive tool. used in building Babel. when we study the signs thereon." Dryden: "We live not on the square. but a chronologic guide thirteen. with the ancient Mexicans. It has been called Jama cross. ' 163 used by the widely-diffused order of Ishmael. Trojan. and Peruvian ruins. Eoman Mexican. because Thus the Mason's square was not only an architectural measure. named Jains. and moral significance.THE OBELISK AND PEEEMASONEY. which must have been lunar. It has been found on Assyrian." Freemasons say "Act on the square. for Shakespeare said: "I have not kept my square. borrowed from Ma- This figure of the square. . Thebes. because it is so highly cherished by the caste. literary. As may be from one observed. Hindu. ancient Mexico. Above and on the sides of these four signs are small circles.. Athens. As teric operative and theoretic Masons know the exo- and esoteric meaning and importance of the square. the dotted circles increase think the four signs indicated the four seasons of the year." But let us not : forget.

we quote from a letter. and water when the apex pointed downward. ti-iangles triangles and squares surrounded by circles a circle between parallel lines or did To show : . The equilateral triangle the ancient nations as an emblem was adopted by most of was re- garded as the most perfect geometric figure. : . its use and meaning cannot be inferred. It occiu-s in Craft and Arch Masonry. the disk belongs to the it and moon. being affixed to any person or object. and have been surprised frequently to find mounds and earthworks resemSome of them are bling well-known symbols of Masonry. Esq.. but gradually they acquired symbolic and esoteric meanings. As sim. Did Egypt borrow from Mexico. A These geometric figures had primarily a practical meaning among all ancient nations . not in that of Cleopatra here. as may be seen The Mexican homed disk. 111. was conneet- ed with the worship of those heavenly bodies. squares. The triangle had other . and symbol. Here is Egypto-Mexican analogy in horned disks. The triangle ever was and is now an important Masonic of the deity.. This queer figure appears in seveial plates of Lord Kingsborough's work. April 25. written to us by William McAdams. of Otterville. thus circles. In ancient and medieval magic it meant fire when the apex pointed upward. Mexico borrow from Egypt ? that there were among the American Indians indications of operative Masonry. In Egypt this sign was part of the royal crown. 1880: "I have spent a considerable time during the last few years exploring our ancient mounds and earthworks." 164 THE OBELISK AND EKEEMASONET.

with designs of two been found since there has been so much writ- and said concerning the American obelisk.. Druids. and between the two an equilateral triangle. with a This triangle. M. p. They are inscriptions on bituminous shale. especially this figure tlie one concerning the triad. 112 in The same gentleman sey County. is point in the centre. so had the obelisk among the Egyptians. 1877. The key- ing has been found in Assyria. well designed obelisks Here two pretty have their apex toward each other. —There which we another class of great out crease or perforation. and described by R." 111. . and of which we have nearly a hundred in our possession. weighing from an ounce to two or three pounds. esoteric 165 meanings. Gass. was held sacred by Hindoos. Egypt. discovered in Indian tombs by Eev. in ancient Whether is had such meanings America to be ascertained. They are made of stone and iron ore.D. obelisTts. Had ten a tablet like this. of which numbers are found in the mounds. it might have been considered as a joke but as the discovery was made in 1877. They are with and withis " Plummets.: : THE OBELISK AND FKEEMASONET. J. of an Egyptian obelisk for New York. and apexes. sent us " Geological History of Jerread. and Peruvians. the arch in build- Masonry. are from the " Proeeediags Davenport * Academy of Natural Sciences. They are pear-shaped. at least." vol. II. ever had an esoteric meaning in ancient religions and mythologies. it cannot be so considered. as previously stated. and Peru.. was a craft in the Old and Kew World. The three following designs of the Parquharson. when there had been no question . relics. J. Mexico. so that operative Masonry. It is also an important emblem or central-stone of." The in cubical stone Mexicans. ' Iowa.

as Dr. The central sun points to the Philolaan or Co- ^ Q ^c>pc5^>-]( /^ > )-\\c The zodiac is a decided Masonic emblem. tablet. Iowa. if genuine." There is an Egyptian simile in Sharpe's " Texts of the Bible" (p. This try and river.166 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. which indicate twelve months and a solar year. is written and sounds like Jehovah. clearly shows that pre-Columbian dwellers of North America had a pretty good idea of an Egyptian obelisk. This Iowa tablet could hardly be taken for anything but a zodiac. . also that of their counAmerican tribe. that and obelisk found their way to a North whose name. from which we quote: "And he laid hold . may indicate the four seasons. The Davenport Academy pernican system. or both." evidently divided into twelve signs. W^/i~i\ ' names this tablet " Calendar Stone. both are Masonic emblems the symbolic triangle hence it is not astonishing. and not thirteen months and a lunar year. which have adopted that very ancient delineation of the sun's pathway through the heavens. or points of the compass. and engraved it on stone. in connection with an equilateral triangle. which." This third Iowa tablet - ^^ the Davenport Aca- demy calls " Cremation Scene. Far- quharson tact says. The foiu* signs like the Koman letters III. " suggests con- with one of the many It is nations or races. all of which is decidedly Masonic. as indicated on the Mexican square. 308). near the central circle.

trustees These tablets are in the Davenport Museum. " This conquest of the serpent of wickedness is one of the favorite subjects in the Egyptian mythology. 167 on the dragon." modified. —a . Prof.. that a tribe that designed two obelisks. 1880. that old serpent. an analogue to the Egyptian to . Iowa. THE OBELISK AND EREEMASONRT. and bound him a thousand years " (Eev. and gave slightly country and river. We cannot help . which indicates intercourse sometime and somewhere. the Y-Ha-Ho {the Eternal God). xx. which is the Devil. Seyffarth looked for analogues which he could not find. who. name of the Great I am (Jehovah). 1200 while. 2). and Ireland have lately been suggested as the retreat of the " Lost Tribes. vi. sought in them alphabetic characters. to their day. Hebrew Jehovah. in vain. * " Smithsonian Contributions. and Satan. and to the Chinese Yao must — have had arcana they did not communicate to the world hence that they had a certain kind of Masonry. He thought they might be Chinese or Japanese. and corresponded concerning them with the Smithsonian Institute * and American archseologists. called Iowa to this Afghanistan. 2. and therefore sent them to to hieroglyphs. had a zodiac and astronomic ideas tribe that had a simile to the Egyptian serpent procession a tribe whose name Iowa was tribe —a that connected therewith . Perhaps the Iowa Indians were one of the ''lost the Tribes^'' who assumed it. in note on Eev. whose pyramidions point to an equilateral triangle with a central point." This serpent procession in Egypt and among Indians in North America is a singular feature.C. whose and members have examined them. we see how the same conquest was represented twelve centuries later. Denmark." . thinking. Our drawing is copied from the sarcophagus of Oimenepthah of B.

103). that this discovery comes too d projpos. the crude strictures of the hasty and inconsiderate " (vol. the zodiac with its four cardinal points. J.. Farquharson "It is objected. and it now becomes our duty. has been considered by competent scholars. We cite therefrom these remarks by Dr. too pat. whether by fortune 'Deus ex maehina^ etc. * "History. before the " Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences. . 1877. By these data we realize that the subject of these tablets who found them worthy to be preserved among American archeologic treasures. will dis- prove this declaration by discovering alphabetic characters or hieroglyphs of ican. too. Mexsome kind. Schoolcraft * posisavants conversant with those idioms. M. a However. ." vol. Iowa. as a derivative from Egyptian Y-Ha-Ho. Gass. tively declares there never would be native alphabetic writing found on this continent.D. .. p. No doubt. the Aztec. The obelisks and equilateral triangle with a central point. Conditions. in fact. cuneiform..: 168 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRY. and Peruvian monuments and ruins wiU furnish some point directly or indirectly to the origin of the runic. in the minds of some. or other translatable writing. fairly . Lorillard figures so prominently. J. or misfortune. for its merits there to be adjudged. in exploring expedition to Central Amer- which Mr. II. We hope the recent ica. honestly and firmly convinced as we are of its genuineness and authenticity. or seasons. point directly to ancient Egypt. The pamphlet before us contains the Iowa tablets. and so partakes. that may primitive American races. and Prospects of the Indian Tribes. Farquharson. which is rather a bold assertion. and seriously. to publish it to the scientific world. 133. inviting all fail" and candid criticism. p. a report thereon by Eev. I. it has been our lot to make the discovery. and a lecture thereon by E. too much of the nature of a stage trick. yet deprecating." March 9. in the most earnest manner. their discoverer. and the serpent procession. hieroglyphic.

THE OBELISK AND PREEMASONEY. Sesostris.J Here the cient serpent.* II. flere Rameses the Great. in order to emerge from the vertex. especially Jehovah. being a head-ornament of deity or royalty in an- Egypt. written on serpent-worship structive. Hebrew Jehovah. fLord Kingsborough's " Antiquities of Mexico. hero of Kadesh. and symbols of high Masonic import. and India. while but the serpent procession are Masonic signs. arising from the occiput while Ardanari-Iswara shows a serpent's head. Hindu Androgyne Ardanari-Iswara. or ophite symbolism. the tail of the monster falling over the right shoulder. we shall only cursorily glance at the above figures and state the comparative position of the Edenic intruder. rising from the vertex. The Mexican hero or god displays a serpent's head. Inman's "Ancient Pagan and Modem Christian Symbolism. emblems. . that deceived our mother Eve. we leave this deeply esoteric subject to antiqua- * See pp. The most interesting analogue we found during our American archeologic search for this epitome is the following : Mexican Hero or Deityt Pharaoh Kameses or. all 169 or Chinese Yao. without being either useful or in. points to the Orient. plate Vni. Deity. plays a conspicu- ous part.. As an explanation of this singular trio would be difficult and lengthy." ^:Dr. sports a serpent on his forehead as a Pharaonic prerogative." Published by James Bouton. so that the tempter must have entered at the base of the brain. 53-56. Mexico. 706 Broadway. As volumes have been and symbolism.

that extended over the world. that the Egyptians and Hindus had secret or Masonic initiations in rock-excavated temples exhibited. connection. Peter Cooper. Lenox. We have in these few pages cited material enough to prove remote contact. or pyramid temples. and philologic discoveries. sometime. as it was used very extensively among the shown by the above serpentine trio. that the primitive serpent story must have expanded over an immense vista to reach from India to Egypt and distant Mexico. the states. as just if made part of those initiations and degrees. and the Mexi- can Teocallis. and content ourselves by stating." have shown in this epitome. or even Masonic. Either the general government ineness and authenticity. order to ascertain their genu- who write on PreColumbian America. or the historic societies of Perhaps some large-souled Astor. Archeologists have foimd striking analogy between the temples of Belus. will see the importance of such an institution. Yassar. and open his heart and hand to endow it.. Americains. especially when we consider that ophite symbolism is even now used in connection. esoteric. in Assyria and Phenicia. especially that of ChoHumboldt speaks of this analogy in his " Monuments lula. and intercourse between the Eastern and Western Continents but there is no authority to which we can refer. so. and mythologists. "What America take cognizance of now all needs in is an institution. that could American archeologic. We pei-haps ophite symbolism. and. so that authors. that somehow. ethnologic. and that the intercourse may have been exoteric. — — and intercourse between the old and new worlds in remote ages. and that primitive races. .170 rians THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASOJiTEY. . and somewhere contact. should attend to this matter. etc. Girard. there was This single analogy proves conclusively to our mind. Masonry. the same ophite sjTnbolism extended to the Mexican pyramid-temples. . might have some authority to refer to.

Even republican Switzerland proscribed the Brotherhood. ISText Pope Clement XII. popes. 1424. and GasDuke of Tuscany. Augustus II. 1739. king of Poland. popes. fulminated a bull against the Magic Tie. and bishops abandoned them. issued an edict against the Brother- ton. and reconstructed somewhat after the system of the Dionysian architects. France tried to prevent Masonic meetings. 1745. about 1000 b.: CHAPTEE XYin. but as soon as these guilds began to think for themselves. and soon commenced persecutions against them Freemasonry was interdicted in England. . 1738. ominous shadow been gliding for years through the imperial unknown to the Empress mother. to be the inalienable Feeemasonet. hood. 1745. as they did at Straspreviously stated.. burg. tolerated the craft."— Mackenzie. "The exercise of religions possession of each individual freedom is admitted and proclaimed Freemason. closed the lodges. palaces. dispersed a lodge. Thus had the II.. HoUand interdicted Freemasonry. We are aware. Joseph Maria Theresa suppressed Freemasonry in her dominions. as Hiram Abif as their first grand Medieval kings. spread over the JSTew World. seized its property. kings. claimed master. 1737.o. that Masonry- was revived in the Middle Ages. persecuted by Church and State in Europe. 1275. and fined the landlord for renting them quarters to assemble. 1735. but her son. and bishops became leaders of Masonic guilds. who. France tried again.

published an edict. Francis II. 1786 Trinidad Island. ordered lodges bull. 1750. himself a Mason. Louisiana. Another papal by Pius VII. 1794 . Virginia. in the latter part of this nineteenth century. Emperor of Kussia. 1734 South Carolina. . forgive them. fi-om 1730 to 1735 Xew Hampshire. published a ukase against the fraternity. In the same year Ferdinand VI. that the Pilgrims of Massachusetts welcomed the persecuted brotherhood in 1733 the land of Penn from . . Rhode Island. endorsed the previous hierarchic anathemas. 1818. In 1748 the Sultan ordered a lodge to be demolislied and its members to be arrested at Constantinople. its way . Emperor of Germany.. 1752 Jamaica Island. with the Master ''Father. 1751. 1789. John VI. who..: 172 THE OBELISK AND FEEEMASONRT. ]Srew York (Albany). . 1790. 1781 New Jersey. confirming Clem- ent's bull. 1762. Alexander I. thought it his duty.. 1730 to 1734 Georgia.'''' "While these proscriptions were issued almost over all Europe. with Berkeley " Westward the course of Empire takes The four first acts already past. about 1765 North Carolina. 1757. Michigan. 1749 Connecticut. and could say.. to make an : allocution to the brothers. issued a decree making Free- masonry a capital crime for natives and foreigners. The vacillating Pius IX. of Spain declared Freemasonry high treason. 1793. . 1823. issued to be closed. A Scotch Synod excommunicated some of its members. Pope Benedict XIV." "We read. 1736 JS^ova Scotia. king of Portugal. they know not what they do. 1814. the craft spread in the Ifew "World. ... 1769 Vermont. 1750. : A fifth shall close the Drania of the Day Time's noblest offspring is the last. as pope. . can afford to say.

1807. . a florishing lodge. 1858 British Columbia. . were among its fii-st initiates in America. 1846 Minnesota. . desirous of rising superior to base motives. Kong. 1843 Buenos Ayres. about 1801 Delaware. and of distinguishing himself by . Wisconsin. etc. Franklin. Maryland. 1821 Brazil. InThere is a lodge at Hong dia has native and foreign lodges. " Whoever does not close his ear to the lamentations of the miserable. based on these lofty qualifications. and must be characterizing its conduct. . whoever has a soul susceptible of conceiving great designs. has . 1868 tory. Indiana. because quiet. De Witt Clinton. 1850 Canada. 1886. Ohio. Maine. Chili. Oregon. ever does not mock and despise the weak . China also Yokohama. 1820 Venezuela. 1825 .. 1849 California. 1808 . and lodges are at work in Australia and New Zealand. 1860 Nevada. KenFreemasonry prior to 180T. Thus did Freemasonry expand from Massachusetts to Chili and Alaska in one hundred and forty-seven years whereas it required a millennium to spread over Europe hut when we consider that Washington. undaunted in overcoming difficulties who. and must ever be progressive. THE OBELISK AND EEEEMASONRT. 1865 Alaska. and narrow sectarian legislation.: . . in Japan. 1871. . . 1801 . 1826 1841. unwearied in the carrying out of whatever has been once engaged in. 1806 from Kentucky hence. Mississippi. is. nor his heart to gentle pity whoever is the friend and brother of the unfortunate . 173 Florida. . . penned by the IlluminaFreemasonry has been. Now Oceanica opens a promising field for Masonic expanse already a deep interest is felt on the subject. royal edicts. Texas. unostentatious charity and liberal deeds have been. . . . near Canton. 1806 tucky liad Peru. Missouri. whoever has a heart capable of love and friendship whoever is steadfast in adversity. . . 1821 Mexico. Alabama. 1855 "Washington Terri1850 Colorado. . Tennessee. Joseph Warren. . 180Y. 1813 . Adam Weishaupt . 1832. . 1807 Arkansas. are. in spite of papal bulls. . we cease to wonder at its rapid progress. . ' tus.

174 THE OBELISK AND FREEMASONRY. fostering the mechanical arts. J. have been the means of promoting civilization. They were approved by the best men in all ages in the past. . This monolith has been the means of rectifying some historic errors and of furnish- ing the link that connects ancient and modern Masonry. the Thothmes obelisk safely arrived Xew "World." own heart —such a proper can- In looking back through all history we discover. as mentioned pp. deeds of benevolence whoever slmns idleness is sufficiently . that Masonry. 63 and 64. and of holding together the more advanced minds for mutual protection and charity. among which are the Egyptian curiosities of the Historical Society. where it finds some of its country's relics. Kew York hand of Pharaoh. 1880. and the mummy queen. if taken up iu the right ent day. spirit Is it not possible that. Weisse by Madame Belzoni. The good they have quietly done in the world. whoever. analogous to modern Freemasoni'y. seems almost incalculable. it by the right men of the presas might yet be made (in the future) to yield choice fruits as it has done in the past ? in the To-day. when truth and virtue are in question. Seti's A. despising the appro- bation of the multitude. July 20. presented to Dr. . 1850. or the old associated mystic societies. courageous to follow a one is the dictates of his didate.

Iowa. 134. 104. 166. Dervis. 161. 93. 133. 108. Columbus. pope. 60. 37. E. Masonry in. H. 103. 173. 156- Alabama. 108. 4. Albert Edward. Masonry in.. in. 132. 29. 154. 107. 139-141.. 8. 110. 75. 8. 128. laying of the. Boaz. E. 69. 8. 152. 173. 102. Masonry Bunsen. 98. 164. Masonry in. IBS. Alexander VII. Abydo?. 128. 64. Madame. Bey. 172. 169. 142. Abelites. ClaudiuB. Clement XI. Antinori. . 88. 38. Belzoni. 108. 106. 73. 39. 83. 94. Masonry In. 106. De Witt. 124. 44.S8. 37. Corfe Castle. California. Berkeley. 1B3. Atheneeum.. Chabas. 130. 28.. 29. Arkansas. Bosauet. 173. Crusades. 46. 80. 12:3. 162. Robert. 38. 60. Cleopatra. Cuneiform. Davenport Academy.37. Congress at Strasburg.. 110. 116. Ammian. Abraham. 123. MaRonry Cain. 37. Algonklns. Crocodilopolis. 88..INDEX. Masonry in. Constantius. 125. 131. 7.. Astor. Delaware. 4. 1B2. Austria. Autopsy. 173. goddess. 134. 173. in. 67. 3. 136. Cartouche. 81. 72. 48. Connecticut. ChampoUion. 39. 67. Brugsch. 154-166. Absalom. Buenos Ayres. 161. Masonry in. 78. 65. 141. 89. 164. British Columbia. Curetes. 173. Anthemins. 40. 48. 108. 4. 141. Berlin. Circle. 68. 173. 4. 173. 149. order of. Aztec. Clemens of Alexandria. 88. 131. 143. Henry. bishop. 172. 60. Architects. 124. America. 154. 109. Birch. 162. 107. 107. 173. Benedict XIV. 131.. R. 3. 4. pope. 170. 146-149. 72. Masonry in. Brazil. 128. 172. 166-160. 146. 172-173. CoUahuayas. Clinton. 153. 86. Arab Masonry. 65. 163. 139-141. 149. Masonic. AnguBtus. 111. 74. Contemporary Review. Alexander. Adoniram. Adam. 131. London. 1. 1. Australia. 97. Boniface IV. St. Crispin. Bernini. 162. 137. Apuleius. Avicenna. 101. Compass. 115-121. Marc. Alfred the Great. China.. 173. Constantinople. Blavatski. 36. Apron. 126. 160. 38. Chili. Abdellatif. 125. 171. 173. Davis. Antinous. 74. Coffin. 69. 8. 86. 3. 36-46. Canada. Bruce. Constantine. 89. Sarah. 72. Colorado. Masonry in. 90. 149. Bernard. Boucliard. Atlantis. Masonry in. 165. 126. 74. 171. Coptic. Asshur. 100. 161. H. 37. tablet. 161. Adrian. Cross. Babel. 151. Comer-stone. 68. 28-34. 107. 173. Bankes. St. 168. British Museum.. Sir J. 37. S. 60. 107. pope. in. 8. 173. Centcotl. Clement V. Chiapa. 4. 135. Darius I. 173. emperor. Albertus Magnns. 79. pope. 8. 183. Beneventum. 27. . Abel. 155. 20. H. Bonlao. 156. 137. 9. 142. 149. 130.. 98. 162. Masonry Canaan. 163.. 143. 48. 101. 162. list of Egyptian. Alaska. 141. 64. 37. 114. 100. order of. 71. Ardanari-Iswara. Masonry in. 161. 161. 122. 91. Clement XII. 107. Belzoni.

143. Benj. 99. 153. New York. 47. 56. 71. 133. pope. 8. Herald. 40. Edwards. 115. Lebas. Eleusinian Mysteries. of. 101. Knights of St. Luke. 96. Facundus Novus. 104. 29. 6S. Mr. 150. 61. Domltian. Goethe. 153. 98. Farquharson. 7. . Ictinus. 7. order of. Kellermann. 113. 94. 287-1880). 161. Grand Orient. Inman. 137. 168. Lord. 91. 115. M. Louisiana. 74. 171. 83. SI. 8. 61.36-67 Egyptian Mysteries. 87. 94. queen... 89. 60. 169. Druzes. 77-80. 98. 8. 9-23. Bvarts. 6. 145. 86-37. 3. in. Europe. Inquisition. Masonry in. Hindu Mysteries. 132.. 168. 81.. Peter. 110. 171-172. Discalceatlon. 94. 95. Josephus. 162. 153. 169. Gass. Dr. Egypt. Georgia. 73. 162. Lepsius. Eliphas. 69. J. 166.. Lassen. 70 94. 142. Masonry in. 59. 79. 81. Hiram. 131. Masonry in. 8. Joseph. Girard. Jamaica Island. A. 131. in. 163.. John. 90. Jesus Christ. 52-65. Germany. 82. Humboldt. 21. Consul. Kentucky... 111. INDEX. Farman. 96. Homer. 96. 23. 171. Khcta. 1(!6. Eamolpus. 22. 170. 88. Dixon. Lalande. Florida. battle of. Gregory XVI. Masonry in. Sir "William. Frederick the Great. l!Yee. Lessing. 151. fatephen. 61. 151. 93. 75. L6vi. John. 46. of Sweden. 70. Herodotus. Amelia. 172-173. 59. India. 98.D. 70. 128. 172. 83. 64. 28. 149. Masonry in. Heliopolis. 181 Dniids. Jehovah. 162. Hieroglyphs.D. Commander. 96. 95. 162. Eusebius. Erwin von Steinbach. 56. Robert. papal. 61. Isis. 152. 95. 108. Fontaiia. 163. . latric Freemasonry. E Ebers. 110. . Kadesh. 81. 114. 162. 157-160. 84. 104. in. 78. 81. Freemasonry persecuted. 108. 172. 173. 153. 74. J. order 167. architect. 73. 70. 103-107. 96. 69. 86. 42. Kev. 72. 143. 1613. 93. 163. Fanton. . 101. 67. Hyneman. 77. 8. 165. 68. 09. 171. Kingsborongh. in. 173. 152. 132. IBS. Flndd. Luxor. 153. 149. Franklin. 138. 109. 30-31. 23-27. 169. 57. 88. Hermapion. 113. 173. 169. Essenes. Lorillard. 113. 4. Japan. 163. France. 104. Job. 100. 75. 77. 176 Dighton Hock. Hnrlburt. 121. 98. 163. 91. Lenormant. Paneuil. 173. 171. 61. Iowa. 72. 93. 88. 107. Jaina Cross. 167. 79. 75. 4. 172. 62. Hospitallers. 170. Masonry in. Jones. 164. Dionysian Mysteries. 89. Dryden. Jabal. 111. 101. 171-172. Edda. Elephanta. order of. George. 24. Marshal. 4.. 125. engineer. . Initiations. 77. 78. 61. Dr. Lenox. H. 123. 165. 95. Gorringe. 167. 126-127. Inigo. 133. Hatasu. 101. ries. Hiram Abif. pope. 96. 124. Gnomon. Lost Tribes. 111. 136. Gotho-Germanic and Bcandinavian Myste- Grand Masters (A. 151. 86. Karnak. HaU o( Beauties. 110. 3. 171. order of. 61. Masonry Jamblichus. Enoch. 122. 163. 107. 4. 22-23. 8. 125. 11-3. 164. 172. 168. 57. 83. 105. Jones. 87. afflxed to Mason. 93. Jachin. 13. 138.. 111. 70. 88. GuBtavus III. Masonry Gliddon. Horned Disk. 4. 111. 103-107. 145-146.. Ishmael. 100. Larousse. Indiana. 100. 134. Mascnrv Japhet. 167. 166. 7. II Hagar. 164. Diploma. Gladstone. Masonry in. 95. Masonry in. 173. England. Freemasonry spread. Masonry in. Holland. architect. MaFonry Exodus. 166. Dionysian Architects. Hon. St. 100. 52-55. Innocents.. King of Tyre. 101 108.

72. order of. 173. Mizraiin (Menes). New Hampshire. 100. 69. Maspdro. 135. 6. De. 113. 149. Pliny. Pacha. 172. 22. W. " ' " " 138. *' at Karnak. 7. 72. 136. OircuB flora. 67-121. 171. 98. 74. 131. 77. Freemasonry in. Plate nineteenth. 8. Masonry in. Piazza St. 161. 171-173. Paracelsna. 152.. 123. Masonry in. 131. 173. 36. " " *' Egyptian. North Carolina. 153. New Yorlc. 173. 172. Freemasonry 68. 102. 124 Piazza Navona. in. Pincio. 173. Dionvsian. Villa Mattei. 144.. 151. 60. Egyptian. 84. 94. Egypt. 172. 95. 1B4. 10& Moses. 45. " at Luxor. in British Museum. Nuncoreus. 8. 132. 88.. 162. Freemasonry in. 4. 8. Freemasonry in. 143. Mesmer. Freemasonry in. Freemasonry in. pope. at Paris. 138.. 61. Froema-sonry in. Grand Master. Freemasonry in. Magnusen. 123. Senor L. Egypt. N Naharina. 68. Pierrot 72. " of Druids. poem. Osirtasen or tTsurtasen. 16^. 136. 44. Magi. 173.. 100. 108. 173. 110. 144. Mexico. 165. 172. 173. Persecution of Freemasonry. Missouri. 81. Constantinople. a 126. Jr. 128. 46. architect. Zola. Numa Pompilius. Mexican Mysteries.33. prince. Freemasonry in. 115-131. 173. Porta. 172. 24. Masonry in. 121. Aries. Masonry in. Nubia. Nimrod. 70. Barneses " " " " " " " " " Santa Maria Maggiore. Pythagoras. 68. in. 171. Freemasonry in. 63. 80. 131. St. Peter. Freemasonry in. 4. Phidias. Manetho. 73. 141. Island. 133. 172. 186. 141. 75. Masonry as claimed by Brethren. 134. Pontius. 134. 8. (Sesastris). 91. 4. Psammuthis. Nevada. Freemasonry in. Rhode 11-20. 3. McAdams. 85. 165. Mysteries. 37. 6. 8. 153. 172. France. Portugal.INDEX. Melchizedek. RSnan. order Noah. 93. 109. Koachites. Hindu. 173. Obelisks for New York. 60. 149. 100. Mysteries. 81. 168. 4. 97. Eleusinian. 131. 4. Freemasonry in. Perpendicular. 162. 70. 64. Freemasonry in. 72. T2. Oregon. Obelisks at Berlin. 142. on Victoria Embank- ment. initiation. 141.. 94. 169.3. of. Psammitichus. Bunio. Nova Scotia. Ill. 86. Philte. 48. 153. 80. Peru. 94. 1. 151.3. 72. Oceanica.. 4. 70. 131. 102. Porta del Popolo. Kameses III. 128-130. 26. Nibelungen. Roug6. Piazza della Minerva. 14!». 132. 151. 173. 138. m Maokenzie. " " " II. 90. Minnesota. 121. 3. 162. Freemasonry in. " at Heliopolis. Masonry in. Plus VI. Mummy " " " Hand. 149. at London. 52-55. 74. Massachusetts. 143. 123.. Macoy. 59.3. 173. 74. St. 173. Marietta. Pius VII. France. Sicily. " " Assyrian. 162. 177 Catana. 71. 137. 74. . 1-35. Plutarch. Mason's square. . 125. Pius IX. 172. 163. New Zealand. Eawaon. 173. and Scandina- Philippe le Bel. Freemasonry in. 27. Poland. 69. Pennsylvania. 77. Report on New York Obelisk by S. 172. Egypt. del Monte Cavallo. 141.. 143. 80. Dr. Molay. 8. Quakers. 1-16. Paul. Pentaour. 172. John Lateran. 162. 168. 109.. 5255. 8. 20-34. 73. 100. 73. Michigan. Ohio. Finn. Peleg. " " " " " " " " " " Monte Monte Eosellini. 43. Poole. " at Crocodilopolis. 161. 86. " Gotho-Germanio vian. 151. 122. New Jersey. Russia. Citorio. 7. Egypt. 137. 136. Obelisks at " at " at " at Beneventum. " at Home. 163. 144. Maine. Hosetta Stone. 173. A. 36-46. B8. 68. Maryland. 128. 153. Freemasonry Plummet. 161. Ormus. 69. 172. . Mexican. 150. Trinita del Monte. 71. Madoo. Nectanebo I. Battista. Mipsissippi. Manuscripts of Belzoni. 70. 85. Plato. 111. 98. 132. 101. 110. Netto. Rosicruciana. Parsees.

Freemasonry in. Fremasonry in. S3. A. Washington Territory. Strasburg. 163. 170. 9-20. Temple. Y-Ha-Ho. Vassar. 108. 172. 28-34. 8. 0. Freemasonry Spain. Thothmes IV... 68. Freemasonry Trnro Cathedral. 132. 15-3. 89. in. Trinidad Island.. 151. Great Spirit. pope. 173. 173. 107-108.«onic. 3. 167. 75. 96. Dr. 77. 72. 36. 60. Wilkinson. 171. S5. Freemasonry Sophia. 34-35. (Menephtah). 101. 100. Freemasonry in. Stebbins. (Osymandias). Turkey. Usher. in. Zodiac. 4.. 161. 166. 134. 74. 125. . Shalmanaser II. ode to the obelisk. 43. 95. George. 36. in.. Washington. 39. Salt. Seth. Wisconsin. 152. III. 125. Saladin. Erasmus. Seti II. 167. 112. 172. Tennessee. 113. 122. 109. 8. Zoega. A. Square. 128. 111. Wilson. Tubal-Cain. G. 126. Theodosms. Venezuela. Seyflarth. Wren. Vermont. Worth Monument. Warren. 3. 88. 123. 60. Fi-eemasonry in. Switzerland. 7. 139. 4. 76. 146-149. 128. Jane Lee. Templars. 137. 124. 163. 108. F.R. Freemasonry in. 109. Henry. Translation of hieroglyphs. 172. 160. 64. 173. 1S3. Sotheran.. 42. 8. Queen. 145. 173. Bev. 80. Seti I. 153. 72. 100. 74. Tacitus. Sidon. 153. 31-34. Vitruvms. 114.S. 23-27. Woden. Votan. 77. 67. Consul. 137. 146. 172. 173. 5S. Zendavesta. 83. 97. Wodan. Texas. 3. 71. Joseph.178 INDEX. Sharpe. New York. 74. 167. 61. HI. in. 77. 105. Spohn. Strabo. Squiers. in. 111. Ma. 164. 172. 8. 166. 74.. Voltaire. 151. 169. order of. 152. order of. Zoroaster. Zola. 85. 173. Freemasonry in. George. Virginia. 8. Weisse.. 133. Odin. 4. Swedenborg. 72. Sixtus v. 173. Tomlinson. Shakespeare. Socrates. World. Young. 142. South Carolina. P. 166-160. 170. I. 168. Solomon. 60. 124. Schoolcraft.. Victoria. Yokohama. Freemasonry in. 172. 67. Mason's. 137. Teotl. TJngarclIi. 94. Weishaupt. 36. 168. 72. S. Freemasonry Smithsonian Institute. 162. St. 165. Thothmes Thothmes 156. 80. 72. 72. 124. 113.. 47. Freemasonry Teocallis. Sir Christopher. Thorfinn. 91. 8. Congress of... 84. 101. 111. 8. Triangle. 168. 7. 136. 10". 161. Tao. 125. 167. 49. 145. 173. 144. Teutonic Knights. 4. 173. 113. Victor..

Etc. Biography. Art Periodicals. Shakspeariana. Ornithology. Ancient Religions Worships. etc. and Musical Instruments. Ancient. ship. ArchcBology. Costume. Caxton and Early Printing. : Contemporary and Dramatists. Antiquities. etc. Bouton's Catalogue New and Recent Publications. Illustrated Works. . and Remainders^ hnportations COMPRISING IMPORTANT AND VALUABLE WORKS IN THE FOLLOWING DEPARTMENTS OF LITERATURE Art. Language. Free 'Masonry. Old.. W. Architectural. Textile. J. Dictionaries. NEW YORK. Ornament. Cruikshankiana. Mythology. Glossaries. Phallic and Symbol Wor- Ceramic Art. Etchings. Etc.. Modern. Old Poetry. Genealogy.7q6 Broadway.

.D. has just published an interesting and exhaustive work on the knglish language and hterature. Weisse has carried to a successful issue is marvelous in the amount of labor involved. . and the perseverance manifested ip." etc. so thorough* that the it . E-vejiing Post. so clear that a school boy of fifteen can comprehend it. Herald. as well as to philolo^. A certain vivacity sparkles in the interesting chapters of literary history. Port Elizabeth Telegraphy Cape of Good Hope. By John A. Weisse. who will find it a IT. to which the author has devoted his time and labors for thirty years." deepest scholar cannot cut a flaw vol. etc. Not alone are the best writers considered. •' Certainly." Boston Daily Advertiser. . in of their language. Dr. gives to the world a book that bears witness at once to his German erudition and to his practical American experience. Weisse's book is the great industry shown in the careful analyses. . M. J. useful work of reference. *' A remarkable monument of wide linguistic knowledge and great perseverance comes to us from America on the 'Origin.00. no author can be expected to take more pains than Dr. there can be no doubt. Weisse has made a valuable contribution to English literature. John A. To show the inconsistency of so-caJled English orthography. The object of this work. *' A work which will certainly command attention. the philologist and the general student. and has written a book which will interest not only scholars. as to the refinement and and directness in construction. has not been published in a long time.D. The scope of the author's undertaking Is almost encyclopsedlc. Y. Progress and Destiny of the English Language and Literature. writing. for mathematical demonstration. — . simplicity in grammar.' etc. and in minute and untiring the trans-atlantic shores." N. in fact to the year 187S. . He starts with the Fifth Century and comes up to the Nineteenth. . To stimulate the Enghsh-speakin^ millions all over the irregularities from its grammar." " A book of more interest than this to the teacher. and his analysis of the former at different periods is very interesting and valuable." Melbourne Argus. Weisse. clearness of diction. etc" N. 4. '* Dr. but an examination is needful to show with what patience. N. Weisse. " Dr. . historic contribution to philology.." National Quarterly Reuieiu. Weisse. To suggest a method to write and print English as it is pronounced. and Destiny of the i English Language and Literature. " We heartily commend the work to the Educational authorities of America. '* What will most strike the reader of Dr. hensive manner." " Dr. etc. and printing of their language as to make it a desideratum for universal adoption. $5. To make the coming generation realize the superiority of their idiom over vigor of its vocabulary. by John A. Weisse has adopted a new method of analyzing the English language. the xeal origin and progress I To lay before the Enghsh speaking populations. Its title describes it well. Daily Graphic. '* A work of unique and curious interest is that upon the Origin."—Bosto7i Journal. The great harmony and interesting facts of this book make it a rare Cincinnati Commercial. Weisse. with which he relieves his comparatively dry philological statistics. investigation. is : both hemispheres. Weisse's survey of the growth of our language and literature from 1600 to 1S78. etc.* is a book of books."—iV." etc. Observer. whose learned industry deserves He has treated his subject in an ample and comprefor many reasons a very high commendation. it will live long as a monument of the author's industry and talents. carrying out in every minute particular the scheme so mgeniously planned. "We have here before us a volume of value." EventJig Express. which shows that the bent of the German mind has not been warped from its original inclination in the process of transplantation to In patient and laborious research. and remove the few remaining 5. but all cultivated persons. the eminent German-American Philologist. and the processes by which they are reached are very suggestive. etc. There is so much of fact and so little of theory. Progress. M. so to simplify tlie uttering. " The undertaking Dr. others. both in conception and in execution. under the title Origin. " Dr.. Y." elc. and of real interest to every scholar. "The investigations comprise a most comprehensive and exhaustive chronicle of the gradual evolution of our language from the early tongues of western Europe by the process of assimilauon and accretion. Weisse. 2. Progress and Destiny of the English Language.. Indian Spectator^. industry and skill the author has spent his strength and time. and a text book of great value for their higher classes. etc. &c. Max Miillcr. 8vo. globe. Weisse. m Philadelphia Press. Of the author's originality. " The work is one of great interest Its conclusions are extremely interesting. teresting things in this curious book. A. cloth. Full of profound research and erudition. *'The author has analyzed the philosophy of language by a new method.' science. M. Last. the German scholar far surpasses all other explorers in the realms of literature and is almost superfluous to mention Voss. . ' — . ' . * * * * We have passed the limits of an ordinary review and have been unable to mention some of the most inChicago Tribune. Sun.T>." The Scotchman^ Edinburgh. which he has made of English writings. Y.. has lately been published by Bouton. It etc. but almost all writers. with a full measure of Teutonic patience and learning. Progress and Destiny of the English Language. 3. Y» World. " Origin Progress and Destiny of the Enghsh language and Literature. Hegel. Y. 700 pages.. the skillful insight into a foreign tongue.' " In conclusion we must express our sympathy with Dr.——— — — — — — — — — — — — Origin. Bombay^ India. etc. Providence Journal. by John A. is a comprehensive and masterly one.


NEW EDITION, WITH PORTRAIT Unveiled; A Master Key to the Mysteries
By H.

op Ancient and

Science and Theology.


P. Blavatsky, Corresponding Secretary of the Theosophical Society. 2 vols. Ho^alSvo, about 1,500 pages, doth, $7.50. Fowrth JEdition,
recent revival of interest in Philology and Archeology, resulting from the labors nf

Tothe^cholar and the specialiEt, to the philologist and the archfeologist, this work will be a mast valuable acquisition, aiding them in their labors and giving to them the only cine to the labyrinth of confusion which they arc Involved. To the general reader it wil be espedallv attractive b-cause of Its fascinatmg .tyie and pleasing arrangement, preseming a constnnt vorie v of racy anecdote, pithy thought, sound scholarship, and vivid description. po«Fe.^se8 the happy gift of versatility in an eminent degree, nnd her style is varied to ™her theme with a graceful cage refreshing to the reader, who is led without ft-cariness from pa ee to page. The aiiLhor has accomplished her task with ability, and has confene.i upon allT precious



whose benefit the scientist as well as the religionist, the specialist as well as the geuerai reader, will not be slow to recognize.

religion, spiritualism,

Evening Post. tion." " They give evidence of much vast number of interesting stories. entertainment." N. Y. Sun.

Boston Evening Traftscript. "Ihe appearance of erudition is stupendous. Reference to and quotations from the most unknown and obscure writers in all languages abound, interspersed with alius. ons to writers of the highest repute, which have evidently been more than skimmed through.'''— Intit^jiefttient. 'An extremely readable and exhaustive essay upon the paramount importance of re-establishing the Hermetic Philosophy in a world which blindly believes that it has outgrown it."— Wor/rf. "Most remarkable booVof the season." Cow.* Advertiser. " Readers who have never made themselves acquainted with the literature of mysticism and alchemy, the volume will furnish the materials for an interesting study— a mine of curious informa-

guages, not for the purpose of a vain display of erudition, but to substitute her peculiar views * * * her pages are garnished with foot-notes establishing as her authorities, some of the profoundest writers of the past. To a large class of readers, this remarkable work will prove of absorbing inter* * * * Demands the earnest attention of thinkers, and merits an analytic readinE."— g^j

monumental work * * " about everythhig relating to magic, mystery, witchcraft, which would Ijc valuable in an eiicyclopEedia."— 7Vi;r//i American Review. must be acknowledged that she is a remarkable woman, who has read more, seen more* and thought more than most wise men. Her work abounds in quocaiions from a dozen difTereut lanI'This



and multifarious research on

Persons fond of the marvellous

the part of the author, and contain a will find in them an abundance of

" A marvellous book boih in matter and manner of treatment. Some idea may be formed of the and extent ot its contents when the index alone comprises fifty pages, and we venture nothing saying that such an index of subje;;ts was never before compiled by any human being. * * * But the book is a curious one and will no doubt find its wyy into libraries because of the unique sub* * * will certainly prove attractive to all who are interested in the hisject matter it contains, tory, theology and the mysteries of the ancient world." Daily Graphic. *'The present work is the fruit of her remarkable course of 'education, and amply confirm her claims to the character of an adept in secret science, and even to the rank of a hierophant in the exposition of its mystic lore."— TVl Y. Tribune. " One who reads the book carefully through ought to know everything of the marvellous and ' mystical, except, perhaps, the passwords. Isis ' will supplement the Anacalypsis. Whoever loves to read Godfrey Higgins will be delighted with Mme. Blavatsky. There is a great resemblance between their works, both have tried hard to tell everything apocryphal and apocalyptic. It is easy to forecast the reception of this book. With its striking peculiarities, its audacity, its versatility and the prodigious variety of subjects which it notices and handles, it is one oi the remarkable productions of the century.''--M Y. Herald. " In nothing does Madame Blavatsky show her wonderful ability in a more marked degree than in her use of the English language. Her style is singularly vigorous, perspicuous and piquant. Her scholarship is varied and comprehensive. In metaphysical keenness she shows a power that few writers of our day have attained to. doubt if Mrs. Lewes (George Elliot), can be called her equal in this respect. Her critical insight is also most remarkable. It seems more like an intuition than the result of study, and yet that she has been a profound student the authorities referred to in her work abundantly show. From the specimens we have seen of its pages we can vouch for its absorbing interest, and for the strength and fascination of the style." Epes Sargeant. "We do not hesitate to express the opinion that she has made a gallant and measurably successful effort at elucidating the most absorbing and important problems hfe can furnish. If the veil of Isis has not indeed been swept away, at least so many of the folds have been removed that we are afforded a partial insight to the mysteries and splendors of tbe Goddess. If our aurhor has not achieved an unquestioned .triumph, where such a result would have been specially gratifying, she has at least the consolation of knowmg that she- has surpassed all her predecessors, in a task, complete failure to achieve which would have involved no humiliation. She has produced a unique work, and It will become a classic." Sacramento Record Union.


— —


— ;



The Rosicrucians.
Their Rites and Mysteries, with Chapters on the Anand Serpent Worshippers, and Explanations of the Mystic Symbols represented in the Monuments and
cient Fire

Talismans of the Primaeval Philosophers.

By Hargrave


Second Edition, revised, corrected and en1 Illustrated vi^ith upwards of 300 Engravings.

Post 8vo, clothj extra.

to persons interested in the study of symbolism and comparative religion, to numismatists, and, in a less degree, to students of ancient architecture. Mr. Jennings has devoted twenty-eight years to study of the Rosicrucians, and in deprecating acceptance^ of the ordinary published acuounts of the fraternity, either in English or the foreign languages, which he has found to be

*^* " Will be useful

ignorant and prejudiced, and generally drawn from a single source, he has the authority doubtless of an expert. His own work is chiefly a history of the alchemists, with a sympathetic and enthusiastic exposition of the Latin writings of the great English Rosicrucian, Robert Flood, who died in 1637, and is incidentally explanatory of pagan and Christian symbols. The chapters on fire and serpent worship are admirable and elevated, and the defence of the Rosicrucian assumption of power to produce gold and prolong life is curiously ingenious in its air of strictly scientific reasoning." Nature.

The Eoyal Masonic
768), $7.00.
The most complete and valuable work


Of History, Rites, Symbolism, and Biography. By Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie, i vol. demy 8vo, cloth (pp.
of reference that has ever been presented to the Craft. task of the Editor has been admirably performed, and there can be no question the work will be a valuable addition to every Masonic library." FreeinasotC s Chronicle. " The Editor has lavished much readhig and labor on his subject." Sunday Times. "A deeply-learned work for the benefit of Freemasons."— /'«<^/ij//i'rj* Circular. "Your new work is excellent."— Bro. W. R. Woodman, M.D., G.S.B. " Evidences a considerable amount of hard work, alike in research and study, . , and we can honestly and sincerely say we wish fraternally all success to the Royal Masonic CyclopEedia,"






Analysis of Eeligious Belief.
By Viscount Amberley.
make you demy Svo, new

and the truth
printed vols, price $15.00).

know the truth, 2 large, handsomely cloth, uncut. $8.00 {usual

" Ye


" Let them (the readers) remember that while he assails much which they reckon unassailable, he does so in what to him is the cause of goodness, nobleness, love, truth, and of the mental progress of mankind." Extract front Lady Russell's Preface. " He has bequeathed to the world a collection of interesting facts for others to make use of. It is a museum of antiquities, relics, and curiosities. All of the religions of the world are here jostling one another in picturesque confusion, like the figures in a masquerade." Times, " This work has more than one claim on the reader's attention. Its intrinsic interest is considerable."




will fail



perusal to be deeply interested, and,

Imced to independent thought."




more, powerfully sdmll-

Bible of Humanity
By Jules Michelet, author of "The History of France," " Priests, "Women, and Families," " L' Amour," etc. Translated from the French by V. Calfa. 1 vol. 8w, doth, $3.00.

His Bible of Humanity


a large epic in prose.

prophets, aings the evolution of mankind. There is no doubt that he throws brilliant ghmpses of light on the lens coarse of events and works which he unfolds but at the same time he carries away the reader with such rapid flight of imagination as almost to make him Kiddy."—

men and


artist-historian, in the


of inspired

Zarousse'a Universal Dictionary.


NEW EDITION OF The Anacalypsis



attempt to draw aside the Veil of the Saiticlsis;


Inquiry into the Origin of Languages, Nations, and Religions,

By Godfrey

Higgins, Esq.



8vo, cloth, $4.50.


be completed in four volumes.
The extreme rarity, and consequent high price of the "Anacalypsis" has hitherto placed it beyond the reach of many scholars and students. The new edition is issued in a much more convenient form, and sold at less than one-sixth o£ the price of the original. The powerful though rather dogmatic logic, and the profound learning of the author, give the work I singular importance; and in a thinking age, when many things formerly considered f.ruthR are passing away into the shadows of tradition, the student of comparative mythology and tho origin of religion and 'anguages will look upon Higgins' Anacalypsis as his guide and luminary through the darkness of dawning science,

Payne Knight's Worship of Priapus.

discourse on the

Worship of Priapus, and its connecwith the Mystic Theology of the Ancients. By

Richard Payne Knight, Esq.





which is added an essay on the worship of the generative powers during the middle ages of Western Europe. Illustrated with 138 engravings (many of which are fullpage), from Ancient Gems, Coins, Medals, Bronzes, Sculpture, Egyptian Figures, Ornaments, Monuments, etc. Printed on heavy toned paper, at the Chiswick Press,

vol. 4to, half

Roxburghe morocco,

gilt top,


R. P. Knight, the writer of the first Essay," was a Fellow of the Royal Society, a member of the British Parliament, and one of the most learned anti(juaries of his time. His museum of Phallic objects is now most carefully preserved in the London British Museum. The second Essay,' bringing our knowledge of the worship of Priapus down to the present time, so as to include the more recent discoveries throwing any light upon the matter, is said to be by one of the most distinguished English antiquaries the author of numerous works which are held in high esteem. He was assisted it is understood, by two prominent Fellows of the Royal Society, one of whom has recently presented

a wonderful collection of Phallic objects to the British

Museum authorities."

Ancient Art and Mythology.

The Symbolical Language of Ancient Art and MythoAn Inquiry. By RICHARD PAYNE Knight, author of "Worship of Priapus." A new edition, with Introduction, Notes translated into English, and a new and complete Index. By Alexander Wilder, M.D. i vol.
8vo, cloth, handsomely printed, $3.00.

"Not only do these explanations afford a key to the religion and mythology of the ancients, but more thorough understanding of the canons and prmciples of art. It is well known that the latter was closely allied to the other ; so tha; the symbolism of which the religious emblems and furniture consisted likewise constituted the essentials of architectural style and decoration, textile emtreated the belHshments, as well as the arts of sculpture, painting, and engraving. Mr. Knight has subject with rare erudition and ingenuity, and with such success thai the labor of those who come after important particulars. Ihe him rather add to the results of his investigations than replace them labors of ChampoUion, Bunsen, Layard, Bonomi, the Rawlinsons, and others, comprise his deductions Not only are the so remarkably as to dissipate whatever of his assertions that appeared fanciful. has been writings of Greek and Roman authors now more easy to comprehend, but additional light
they also enable a


afforded to a correct understanding of the canon of the Pri/uce.

Holy Scinpme."-£x tract from Editor's

Dr. Inman's Ancient Faiths.
Embodied in Ancient Names ; or, an Attempt to trace the Religious Belief, Sacred Rites, and Holy Emblems of certain Nations, by an Interpretation of the Names given to Children by Priestly Authority, or assumed by Prophets, Kings, and Hierarchs. By THOMAS Inman, M.D, Profusely illustrated with Engravings on Wood, 2 vols., 8vo, cloth, $20.00.
" Dr. lnman*s present attempt to trace the religious belief, sacred rites, and holy emblems of certain nations, has opened up to him many hitherto unexplored fields of research, or, at least, fields that have not been over-cultivated, and the result is a most curious and miscellaneous harvest of facts. The ideas on priapism developed in a former volume receive further extension in this. Dr. Inman, as will be seen, does not fear to touch subjects usually considered sacred in an independent manner, and some of the results at which he has arrived are such as will undoubtedly startle, if not shoch, the orthodox. But this is what the author expects, and for this he has thoroughly prepared himself. In ilhistration of his peculiar views he has ransacked a vast variecy of historical storehouses, and with great trouble and at a considerable cost, he places the conclusions at which be has arrived before die world. With the arguments employed, the majority of readers will, we expect, disagree even when the facta adduced will remain undisputed, their application is frequendy inconsequent. In showing the absurdity of a narradve or an event in which he disbelieves, the Doctor is powerful. No ej^ pense has been spared on the work, which is well and fully illustrated, and contains a good index."





Ancient Faiths and Modern. A Dissertation upon Worships, Legends,

and Divinities

Central and Western Asia, Europe, and Elsewhere, before the Christian Era. Showing their Relations to Religious Customs as they now exist. By Thomas Inman, M.D., author of "Ancient Faiths Embodied in Ancient Names," etc., etc. i vol. 8vo, cloth, $5.00.
This work is most apdy expressed by the title, and the author, who is one of our most learned and accomplished modem writers, has done ample justice to his subject. He pries boldly into Bluebeard's closet, little recking whether he shall find a ghost, skeleton, or a living being and he tells us very bluntly and exphculy what he has witnessed. Several years since he gave to the learned world his treadse on Ancient Faiths Embodied in Ancient Names, in which were disclosed the ideas underlying the old-world religions, and the nature of hleroglyphical symbols employed m the East. The present volume complements that work, elaborates more perfectly the ideas there set forth, and traces their relations to the faiths, worship, and religious dogmas of modern time. We are astonished to find resemblances where it would be supposed that none would exist, betraying either a similar origia or analogous modes of thinkmg and reasoning among nadons and peoples widely apart in race, country, and period of history. The author is bold and often strong m his expressions, from the intensity of his convictions, but this serves to deepen the mterest m his subject. Those who have read his former works with advantage will greet this volume with a cordial welcome; and all who desire to understand the original religion^ of mankind, the ideas which lie back of the revelations of Holy Scripture, and particularly, those who are not easily shocked when they come in contact with sennments with which they have not been familiar, will find this book full of entertainment as well as of instruction. Dr. Inman is working up a new mine of thought, and the lover of knowledge will give his labor a welcome which few of our modem authors receive.

Serpent and Siva Worship
And Mythology in
The Origin
Central America, Africa, and Asia


of Serpent Worship.

Hyde Clarke
50 cents.


Edited by Al^^s-i^der

By Staniland Wake, M.A.I. C. Wilder, M.D. 8vo, paper cover,


Serpent lore is the literature of the earliest times, and every discovery in ethnical science is adding to our knowledge of this feature of the race. These two eminent anthropologists suggest some very interesting; speculations, which seem confirmed by modem research, and will be examined with avidity



" and imaging Him in wisdom. H. History of Hades. rereltttions. cloth. The Eleusinian and Bacchic Mysteries. History of Demons or Demonism.00." " Proetc." "Aristotle.D. The reader desirous fellow-laborersj as well as of the of getting the kernel of the doctrines of Plato. IV. " Bible of the Parsees. 1 vol. intuitive discernment. M. Scientific and Eeligious Mysteries of Antiquity The Gnosis and Secret Schools of the Middle Ages.00. love. A Dissertation. . with Introduction. Paton's (Charles I. O. in i. the dramas acted at Eleusis and other sacred places. Edited. By John Yarker. the Bible. What was seen and learned elsewhere might be admirable but the exercises of Eleusis and Olympia had in them the something divine. And at least their counterpart here. "The the lapse of ages. should secure this copy. Freemasonry. by A. In the Mysteries." " lamblichus.*. I. sublime depths of the mysteries of antiquity have been sounded but by few minds in and those who have leisure to follow upon their tracks will meet with an ample Avesta. reward. Kelley ' M. and their jUexandrian Eclectics^ will obtain invaluable aid from this treatise. $3. Third edition. $3. In Four Booka History of Deities. Interest that the subject has.D. were embodied the deeper thoughts and religious sentiment of the archaic world. Notes. The men and women initiated into them were believed to be thenceforth under special care of God. and Law of Perfection. The objects embraced have inspired the greatest ot ancient poets—Homer and Virgil. History of Heaven. and Milton and Dante have not been less devoted to the themes of the histories. its Symbolism. new cloth. tne valuable work . 8vo. 8vo. by Thomas Taylor.00. i vol. Religious Nature." " Porphyry. Orpheus. Translator of "Plato." Alexander Wilder. The Religious Books of the fessor $10. Eumolpas. i2mo. Tncludiag a History of Angels and Purgatory. $5. and Glossary.. cloth. $2. Bleeck. Emendations. etc. its narratives The work. Manuscripts. So holy and interior were the doctrines considered which had been learned in the Sanctuary from the two tablets of stone. for this life and the future. Parsees. not only becanse of the sdeoIhI bat from the variety of its oharaotsrs and Incidents. By E. its visions and and its marvels.. The Reality and Eomance of Histories. From ProSpiegel's German Translation of the Original 3 vols." now for the English scholars who wish to become acquainted with the To thinkers the "Avesta " will be a most first time published in English. 8vo. as a whole. and those who obser\'ed them were "the children of God. II.: The Philosophy of Existence. new cloth.50. . or Theism and Mythism.00." " Plotinus. III. and the Vedas. Thick 8vo. by clus. that it was not lawful to utter them to another. Ihey will now have an opportunity to compare its Truths with those of KoRAi^. Modern Rosicrucianism.) Freemasonry. and Free and Accepted Masonry. uncut. or the Infernal Regions. or the Celestial Regions. Is particnlRrly adapted to the general reader. and . The sentimental charm of the most admired poets the highly-wrouRht romance of the novelist.

cloth.C. and can be traced through the autonomy of the Christian Church. he has concentrated his attention to the ideas which he believes to underlie the symbolism of the most ancient periods. World's Masonic Register: Containing Name.D. are unfolded and made sensible to the common intellect. 566. of which the Old Testament says so much. and Commandery in the United States and Canada. $10. cloth. Revised and enlarged.. Svo. 8vo. and Statistics of each Masonic Jurisdiction.00.R. the Baal of Syria and the God whom Christians worship and the mysteries of the Sacred Grove. . in the Foreign Department. Hindu.. and 680. and it has never grown old. The subject of symbolism is as deep as human thought and as broad in its scope as humanity itself. By JOHN" NEWTON. so long as learning and art have admirers. Dr. Translated into English. Third Edition. Together 3 vols. the Book OF Poetry. . Date of Organization. Location. $5.00.THIRD EDITION. History of India.00. pp. cloth. The symboU which characterize worship constitute a study which will never lose its interest. THE LiFE AND TEACHINGS OF Confucius.. cloth. "Wheeler's India. Vol.E. etc. He finds the relation which exists. also every Chapter. I." and other allied symbols.). III." etc. Assistant Secretary to the Government of India. and for the reader of limited means is just what he requires. Brahmanicai Revival. but capable of taxing them to the utmosL Many pens have been employed upon it. with two maps. Vol. Buddhist. and the religious reader will peruse its pages with the profoundest interest. thick Svo. $6.00. in Embodied ' * Illustrations. on Sacred Grove. Inman's views are somewhat peculiar . etc. etc. Number. By Leon Hyneman. and the antiquarian likewise. Scholars will welcome this volume. pp.. with Preliminary Essays and Vol." The Ramayana and the Brahmanic Period. Under Mussulman Rule. with two maps. pp. The Life and Works of Mencius. This book contains in a nutshell the essence of Dr. The She King or. Talboys Wheeler.50. author of "Ancient Faiths Ancient Names. Secretary of the Record Commission. (Vol. II. Ixxxviii. $3. between Asshur and Jehovah. By J.00. Author of the " Geography of Herodotus. Council. Ancient Pagan and Modern Christian Symbolism. $4. $2. and Time of Meeting of every Masonic Lodge in the World.. IV. 484. Portrait.S. Explanatory Notes. with two hundred By Thomas Inman. The erudite thinker finds it not only worthy of his best energies.. M. I vol. cloth. cloth. 8vo. etc. Svo. M. Legge's Chinese Classics. the Assyrian with an Essay on Baal Worship. 8vo. . Inman's other publications.

Watson. P. Full polished scarlet morocco. * * * * This tended scope book is not only one of the most readable works of the kind. even without the letter-press. — General History of Costume in Europe. including: Robert W. . 11."— y'Ae "The Etcher. A Dictionary of and Military from the Earliest Period in England to the reign of George the Third. * * * * ^e j^ave rarely failed to find in this book an account of an article of dress. Civil.00. Macbeth. some heightened with gold. but intrinsically attractive and amusing. S. Urwick. and many others. Axel Herman Haig. 4to. even without the letterpress. '"For original etchings The Etcher. Planch6's book. A " most readable and interesting work— and it can scarcely be consulted in vain.00 per part lished monthly. The Etcher." Tke Times." The Athenceunt. 11.iils are given. R. Profusely illustrated by fourteen fullpage colored plates. . W. Arthur Evershed. court.00." Tifftes.00. and ^e works of many well-known etchers have already appeared in this publication. —A — morocco. Planche. The illustrations are numerous and excellent. P. A text which. and the work forms a livre de luxe which rento several thousands ders it equally suited to the library and the ladies' drawing-room. whether in its *' Dictionary" form or in that of the " General History. Beauti. — — and superbly illustrated. Full citron Vol. OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. C. and would. Ecclesiastical. " gilt edges. By J. while in most of the entries curious and in* * * * Mr. J. Montefiore. ecclesiastical. therefore. the more pleasure in saying that most ot the prints are exceptionally good. and would. N. We have. J. Planch^'s enormous labour of love. showing a good deal of technical accomto high artistic merit. amongst monthly magazmes." things that The Academy.— — — — — . R. Slocombe. Storm Vans' Gravesande." Standard. not often that a serial of this nature improves as it goes on. *' One of the most perfect works ever pubUshed upon the subject." Aiheneeum. $80. in thecourse of its short career. gilt edges. many examples. Edwin Edwards. Anna Lea Merritt. This Magazine has been instituted for the purpose of offering to lovers of art an opportunity of indulging in the acquisition of some of the best productions of the etching needle at a moderate cost. "These numbers of a Cyclopsedia of Ancient and Modern Costume give promise that the work be one of the most perfect works ever published upon the subject. render the work an invaluable book of reference for information as to costumes for fancy balls and character quadrilles. The illustrations are numerous and excellent. gilt top. comprehensive and highly valuable book of reference. legal. E. The Dictionary. C. half morocco. printed will . Magazine containing the Original Etched-Work of Pubaccompanied by descriptive Letterpress. fully printed and superbly illustrated. Chattock. the production of structive deE. L. C. and many hundred others throughout the text. is on a way to take a very assertsits position with "The Etcher "It is plishment and considerable pretensions foremost place. I. whether the reader is in search for information as to mihtary. we now Scotsman." is within its inimmeasurably the best and richest work on Costume in English. extra. Somerset Herald. Imperial 4to. 2 vols. has made us acquainted with so many good look forward with agreeable anticipation for its monthly reappearance." A —Atkenceutn. or professional costume. • * * * All the chromoHthographs and most of the woodcut illustrations the latter amounting are very elaborately executed . render the work an invaluable book of refer* * * *Beautifully ence for information as to costumes for fancy balls and character quadrilles. A Artists. Price $1. Heseltine. very elegant. $45. Standard. Costume Dress— Regal. Vol. Cyclopaedia of Or." ''Those who know how useful is Fairholt's brief and necessarily imperfect glossary will be able to appreciate the much greater advantages promised by Mr. including Notices of Contemporaneous Fashions on the Continent. — — COMPLETION OF PLANCH^' S GREAT WORK. $65.

Motteux. The slight tinge of antiquity.. 4to. but also an abundant allowance of examples selected with the double view of illustrating the work itself and consulting modem notions of propriety. while its rich and racy diction. Besides " Dr. The translation adopted is that by Motteux. Grego. pp. and containing not work. of Paris. the exception of the " Syntax " illustrations. Of this translation Blackiuoo<^s Magazine says: "This is. is not displeasing.The same. Syntax" he illustrated books without number. above made conall. and the Paris Bibliothfeque contains no inconsiderable number of specimens of his * * * Mr. however. $13. possesses a native humor which no other tianslator that we ever met with has approached. It was by a Fienchman who came over to England in the time of James th Second. in the following sizes Edition. * By book illustrations.) duplicate set of the Etchings. — — . Demy 8vo in Four Volumes.00. A. Perhaps the first is the best of all. representing the England of a century ago. H^ Prescott—AJisceliatiies^ Kdition 1845." Daily News. mostly in Fac-simile of the Originals. etc. added. Syntax " have kept the name of Thomas Rowlandson alive among those who are not But wiUi specially students and among those who are. should be of the best quality. 149. uncut. on Holland paper. and. by engraving the pictures of other men. which belongs to the time. * * * He became better known out of England than most English artists of his time. For some half-century the untiring artist * worked at all sorts of tasks. Rowlandson constantly siderable sums of money. Large Superfine Paper. gilt Caricaturist. author of "James Gillray. NEW ILLUSTRATED LIBRARY EDITION' History of Don Quixote of La Mancha.00. It betrays nothing of its foreign parentage.oo. paper. * * * A useful lesson in the social history of England. $35.00. per vol. MOTTEUX. as well as a pleasant occupation of leisure moments. the richest and best.ishing. Works and Times. specially prepared for this Edition. only a methodical catalogue of his work. not much of Rowlandson's vast total of work is generally known. * * * But there is really not much harm in Rowlandson. Royal 8vo. edges. which * * * made the fortune of the book. By Joseph trations. the translator of Cervantes and Rabelais. the 2 vols. $35^00. top. Only fifty copies of this edition are for : — sale. To be completed Carefully printed by Salmon. The publisher trusts that in all these respects. IlThirty-seven Original Etchings. Life. extra. per vol. there is not much danger of it ever pe. by P. extra. DuMaurier*s alhum of Punch sketches. with India impressions of the plates. gilt leaves. by an inexhaustible series of social and political caricatures. $20. Shelton* s Quixote is undoubtedly well worthy of being studied by the English scholar . gilt. the Edition now offered will meet with general approval. and its' quaint turns of expression. A New Illustrated Library Edition of The teemed Don Quixote has been long wanted. : principal requirements in sucn an edition are ^I'he translation selected should be the one esbest by capable critics .. out of all sight. but it is far too antiquated an affair to serve the purposes of the English reader. with a nearly all of which are taken up. Full polished calf. in cloth. binding. $20. are admirably suited to convey a lively and very faithful image of the original.— — 10 Eowlandson. With nearly 400 IllusTimes. The illustrations to " Dr. ordinary paper. .00. we think."' W. his Half morocco. lustrated with Translated from the Spanish." This judgment is sustained by the following author ties : *'The most popular versions in English are those of Motteux. Adolphe Lalauze. and comports well with the tone of knishtly dignity which distinguishes the hero. (Limited to 200 copies. Famous Caricatures." gilt. by original landscape work. and Tree marbled calf. Grego has now edited two goodly quartos devoted to him. and Contemporaries.. the Caricaturist. 150. though he takes subjects and employs manners of treatment which would hardly be suffered nowadays in Punch. the illustrations should be of the highest artistic merit . A Selection from his Works. with Anecdotal tions of his Descrip- and a Sketch of his Life. by M. the typography. gilt gilt top. Jarvis and Smollet. or " Almost simultaneously with the issue of Mr. $6. there has appeared a collection of work of the same class.. per vol.

head-gear and modes of dressing the hair. and the unities saved. and will be found most useful to the artist. 11. Le Rat. George. Parts i now ready for delivery Upon completion of the work. is such a guarantee of mechanical execution in a book. most expensive to the publishers and cheap to the subscribers. One can enjoy the colors and contents of these * parts' while lounging in a veranda or rocking in a boudoir. Japan. to most of u-. In shapeliness and convenience. etc.loving age of ours. In fact the work is conceived on a large plan. as if the work were an illustrated report of a fancy ball and. some hundreds of years apart. which cannot be said often of cyclopEcdias of costume. and there will be added an historical study. Each plate is to be accompanied with an explanand furniture in the ordinary acceptation of the term. Representing Authentic Examples of the Costumes and Ornaments of all Times. objects used in the service of the church. Turkey. VOrnement Polyckrome. Ornamental Metal Work. might be prevented. in cloth portfolio. Parts I. to 8 are "The — ' . the gay parade as it roils along is none the less pleasant for this want of order. Burton.00 each. — sessed of. Gold and Executed and 200 Messrs. Daily Times. are ready. Arms and Armor-.— — XI — AN ENTIRELY NEW WORK' ON COSTUME BY M RACINET AUTHOR OF ''POLYCHROMATIC ORNAMENT. armor. some of the glaring inconsistencies we still see from time to time on the stage. is made to seem like play. Wise. By M. Hamerton. by making its appeal chiefly to the eye^ is sure of a welcome in this picture.'' ETC. Useful Domestic Articles. India. Nation. style . and from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. atory text. giving restorations of Roman.. author of " Polychromatic Ornament. We have minutely examined them. and Egyptian interiors. Greek. Modes of Transport. so lightly * * # * jij"o scientific arrangement is observed in the order in which the subjects is it handled. the price will be raised 25 per cent. well-known already to that portion of our public which is interested in the decorative art by his illustrated work on ornament. With such a book as a reference. modes of transport. A series of 20 Choice Etchi?tgs by QUEROY. by Messrs. in in the finest. of Paris.. In addition to its other features. G.. . Europe in the middle ages.. and III. but of arms. it leaves nothing to be desired. Greece.." Eveniftg Post. by A. Hamerton. With numerous choice specimens of Furniture. This is the His'tORV of Costume. $12. Illustrated with 500 Plates. $9. Racmet. and the abundant learning that has been brought to bear in the collection of illustrations. etc. sists not oi\ly of costumes proper. "The name of Firmin Didot & Co. cloth gilt. drinking vessels. Russia. this work has numerous illustrations. harness. Small 4to {jy^ x 8^ inches). Syria. LeGROS. Racinet gives the word ' costume almost as wide a sweep of meaning as Viollet-le-Duc * * * * The field surveyed congives to furniture in his now farnous Dictiomiaire du Mobilier. Firmin Didot & Co. Assyria." —N. of Paris. 300 of which are in Colors. We have ancient Egypt. a firm that disputes with the house of Hachette & Co. Seymour-Haden. and find them worthy of great praise. where periods as to costume. DiDOT & Co. domestic interiors. Examples of Modern Etching.." To be issued in 20 parts. presided over the selection of the subject. "Anew work on costume. Y. Silver. from so wide a field of human action." its subject ever ofTsred to the public.' have recendy published the beginning of a work which. Racinet. BrunetDebaines. with descriptive text by P. the honor of supplying France and the world with the most beautiful books at the cheapest rates compatible wjth the greatest excellence in editing and ' making. $4. too. * Le Costume Historique. Tinted Lithography (Camafeu)! of the art. that it is sufficient to state that Le Costume Historique is fully on a par with any of the former publications of this distinguished house. large paper {\i}ixi6 inches). both for general excellences of execution and for the recondite and curious sources drawn upon the latter characteristic making the collector master of a great many pictorial facts and illustrations whose original sources are hard even to see and impossible to become pos- Each part will contain 25 plates. A. so that little will be wanting to make this one of * * * * A charming taste has the completes! encyclopccdias of the sort that has ever appeared." Scribner's Monthly. 15 in colors and 10 in tinted Lithography. Glass. among all Nations.50 each.00. so as to bring the price of this picture-cyclopaedia of the costume of the world within the means of the most prudent book-buyer. etc. Rome. Folio. of Paris. It is not necessary to adjourn to a public Horary and to an immovable chair. Tiles. "This work is unquestionably the best work on NEW SERIES. NO ORDSRS RECEIVED EXCEPT FOR THE COMPLETE IVORK. are presented. Textile Fabrics. With explanatory Notices and Historical Dissertations (in French).. are terribly mixed up. folio. and it will engage very general attention. with twenty-five pictures in each. and Poland. mixed up for the present. The publishers have had the excellent idea of reducing the size of the illustrations..

extra. Indeed. These include the paintings. This is one of the most valuable contributions to ecclesiastical and archaeological literature. lamps. demy 4to. has created a demand for such publications. Chaldea. Persia. "Our Handsomely printed on toned paper. and Rome. we in nowise exaggerate its intrinsic merits. LuNDY. $7. sense of the beauties of this tale may be appreciated by the acknowledgment that for msight into human nature. both in Europe and America. refinement. and that its influence for good cannot fail to be considerable.50. but no one has occupied the field which Dr. . tlie Art and Symbolism of the Primitive Church. It is one of the most valuable additions to our literature which the season has produced. as Witnesses and Teachers of the one Catholic Faith and Practice. The revival of Oriental learning. we say that from beginning to end this book will certainly be found to possess a powerful interest to the careful student. A Tale. The Apostles' Creed is exhibited. we prize the Epicurean even above any other of the author's works.00."— CAarcA Journal. and numerous large folding morocco. develop.00.A. This is monuments and contemporary Barcophagi. M. $10. Tree calf extra. intellect. pathos. sculptures. believing that they all contained germs of religious truths which it is the province of Christianity to preserve. in the different systems thus brought under review. The Epicurean. 1 vol. extra. plates. Those who may not altogether adopt his conclusions will nevertheless find the information which he has imparted most valuable and insimile were studied on the spot teresting. With 1 vol. and embody in a purer system. gUt top. with over 200 illustrations throughout the text. extra. and many of the monuments presented in fac- by the author. Cloth. $2. seal-rings. or tree $15. a presentation of the facts and verities of Christianity from the earliest literature. and Bubliraity. " As a contribution to Church and general history. Lundy will be welcome to students and will take a high place. by J. Full morocco. E. as well as the mosaics of the earliest Christian churches. and will forever rank as one of the most exquisite productions in English literature. gilt edges. a Poem. Cloth. although written in prose. and several are specimens obtained in foreign travel. 12mo. Turner. this is a masterly poem. indeed. for grace. article by article. is The book profusely illustrated. for poetical thought.50. Many of these monuments are evidently of Pagan origin." I/ew York Times.. and the author has drawn largely from the ancient religions of India. and he has carefully excluded a world of collateral matter."—iaera/j/ Qazette. By John P. By Thomas Moore. Half gilt top. Greece. calf. that the attention might not be diverted from the main object of the work. Lundy has chosen. $4.00. 12 UNIFORM IN STYLE WITH L tBKB'S AND MRS. The Expositions which he has made of the symbols and mysteries are thorough without being exhaustive. vignette illustrations on steel. glasses. gilt top. Egypt. JAMESON'S ART WORKS Monumental Christianity Or. the exhaustive and learned work of Dr. Etruria. W. with its parallel or counterpart. and inscriptions of the Christian Catacombs and elsewhere. and Alciphron. Presbyter. — . as are also the symbols. "When. Beautifully printed on superior paper.

tastefully The text handsomely printed bound in cloth. Moroni. after the paintings by Masaccio. Hamerton. Bracthe " Portfolio. by Brunet-Debaines. the meuc. Ggrome. Richeton. Edited. etc. To admirers recently executed plates. of Etchings. Editor of Twenty Plates. Pierre Veyrassat. Gilbert HamerTranslated under the superintendence of Philip with a series of forty superb etchings. — . Laguillermie.OO. "Wornum (Keeper of the National Gallery).. with Biographical Notices cloth. French Artists of the Present Day. by Seymour Haden. Turner. . with notes. Giorgione.00. Legros. Folio. Portrait of a Youth. after Turner. by the same etcher The Burial of Wilkie. tastefully bound in Chapters on Painting. The text beautifully printed on heavy paper. full gilt. Wise. Jacquemart. Coutry. Folio. Lalanne. Gainsborough. Chauvel. Waltner. Velasquez. Flameng. gilt top. and Landseer. Among the contents of this choice volume. The Mare A Misty Morning. Hebert. A series of twelve fac-simile engravings. Rembrandt. Etchings from the National Gallery. by Lalanne The Fei-ryboat. Bellini..00. By RENfi MENARD (Editor of "Gazette des Beaux-Arts"). 110. by Legros Thames at Richmond. Raj on. of Paris. Le Rat. by Ren6 MInard. by Braoquemond The Aged Spaniard. etc. paper. tastefully bound in cloth. Lucas. ' *^* A set of proofs of the plates in the above volume alone are worth in the London market £10 10s. or seventy dollars currency. etc. Brunet-Debaines. by Veyrassat. after Masaccio. etc. text°beautifully printed by Claye. by Waltner . Feyen-Perrin." quemond. by Balfourier. on heavy paper." \>y Flameng. Cuyp. with Notes by Ralph N. by Philip Gilbert Hamerton. Le Rat. uncut.. Raj on. flO.. Folio. Jules Breton. full gilt. Rosa Bonheur.. Chattock. $10. . Half polished levant mor. The . Masson. after pictures by Billet. Corot. by FlaIllustrated ton. gilt. the present volume offers several of the most notable of among others the Portrait of Rembrandt. . by Leopold Flameng. Portrait of Hembrandt. Ch. Veyrassat. Palmer. Bodmer. etc. Jacque. Parish Clerk. Mantegna. Gaucherel. A series of eighteen choice plates by Flameng. Hobbema.00.00. Od. Royal 4to. Legros. Hesseltine. after Gainsborough. Seymour Haden.13 Examples of Modern Etching. $30. $25. etc. Reynolds. may be mentioned " Tfie Laughing Twickenham Church. Maes.

The same. Eisen. and woodcuts. fac-similes. $22. also a reduction from Prevost.. full gilt.s a living picture of the iSth century the king. etc. $22. salons. I vol. Wallon (Secretaire de 1' Academic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres). equalling. nobility. Andrea del Sarto. $13. Thick Imp. Aug. and with 14 CHROMO-LITHOGRAPHIC fifty fine engravings on wpod after monuments of art. from rai-e etchings by Marc Antonio. promenades. gilt edges. Moreau. Institutions.. Flandrin. the former works of the same author. etc. a map of feudal France. Full polished morocco extra. Diirer. etc of this new work. printed on large Holland paper. avec une etude sur I'Art Chretien par E. theatres. illustrated PLATES. and upwards of three hundred and fifty engravings on wood after Watteau. Fra BartolommeoAngelico. Lacroix. after Paul Veronese. Imp. giving t. Attendu. half red morocco. $13. dans le monde. France. Beautifully printed on heavy vel- lum paper. Par H. thick royal 8vo.50. Illustrated with twenty-one large and beautifully executed chromolithographs. Lancret. commerce. The exquisite series of chromos are from_ pictures by Giotto. 8vo. etchings. costumes. Boucher. $22. CarTIER. people. $13. Bouchardin. gilt top. etc . Vanloo.14 FRANCE IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. excelling. fStes. .. new half morocco extra.50. Paris. a new work of the highest importance to the history of the 15th century a study of die worship shown to Joan of Arc in the French and Foreign literatures (it is known that during Uie lifetime of Joan. and 200 engravings. par Louis Veuillot. etc. Jeanne D'Arc. parliaments. by M. conveys but an indiHerent idea of It is admirably gotten up.50. by the same The illustrations (which were prepared under the direction of M. half polished Levant morocco.50. extra gilt leaves. army and navy. from the period of the Catacombs to the present day.. her wonderful mission was represented on the stage) . fac-similes of letters of Joan. bourgeoisie. Fac-similes. if not its contents. the indefatigable Paul Lacroix. cuisine. education. The same. its pleasures. Chardin. and is illustrated in a most profuse manner. thick Imperial 8vo. plate of the wedding at Cana. Dumoulin). continue. The title full crimson Levant super-extra. vivant. and nearly 200 charming engi-avings on wood. and one hundred and Contents : An account of the arms and military dresses of the period. Lonenon. gilt leaves. 8vo. are of the most attractive character. i large volume.50. and present a chronological view of Christian art. half red morocco.50. from the most celebrated monuments. clergy. Saint-Aubin. This elegant work is uniform in style and illustration with the works of Paul Lacroix. Sacchi di Pavia. Ghirlandajo. Raphael. accompanied by descriptive figures taken from the seals of the Archives . 1700-1789. etc. and a head of Christ from the Catacombs. etc. Usages. 16 large and beautifully executed chromo-lithographs. (Bibliophile Jacob) XVIII"" SIl^CLE. by — A NEW WORK ON CHRISTIAN ART. J6sus-Christ. etc. police. et Costumes. Durand.by Armand. etc. _ UNIFORM WITH THE WORKS OF PAUL LACROIX. house.

John Crowne's Dramatic Works. it would be a great boon to literature . the several Plays have been presented in an unmutilated form. Sir Together. is a valuable reminder of the treasures which we are parting with not always wisely. pp. white vellum cloth. and even history. Folio. Bound in extra cloth. to range with As Pickering's edition of Webster. 478. $50. gilt top and uncut edges. LL. F. Text. etc.. With 170 Etchings by Jules Jacque- I. Clergymen. the stilted foreign-born and alien English.D. sit most comfortably^ . ma/tiufactured expressly for the work by Blanchet FRi. Dramatists of the Restoration. $110. embalmed in this treatise are not dead as yet .00. Mackay has placed a host of such on record. in later editions. John Wilson's Dramatic Works. hand-made paper. 13 vols. it would have been infinitely more Many of the terms difficult to resuscitate an obsolete one. but dictionary of obsolete oftener from the attraction of novelty which impels everybody to change. recall some of them back to life. the text of most of these authors has. $75. 1776-1876. $1-75. 86. I Speakers. LL.00. Price. EtchrQgs printed by A. and others of them belong to that proline department of our spoken language that does not get into dictionaries. An Words change Appeal to Authors. cloth extra. and they really are more homogeneous to our people than their successors. however more expressive and desirable. New York. Peele. By Chas. i vol. James Maidment and W. The Lost Beauties of the English Language. xvi. i vol. S vols.D. Poets. Two Volumes. words. Biographical Notices and brief Notes accompany the works of each The Series has been entrusted to the joint editorial care of author. Mackay. Paris. and carefully collated with the earliest and best editions. It comprises the following authors : William Davenant's Dramatic Works. been either imperfectly or corruptly dealt with. Eives. idiom.00. post 8vo. Salmon. which the new words cannot acquire.00.15 The Medallic History of the United States of America. sometimes from no longer meeting the new wants of the people. 8vo. I'rinted on heaioy. Plates. LouBAT. Beautifully printed on superior paper. France. Shakerley Marmion's Dramatic Works. and terms becoming obsolete. Dr.. John Lacy's Dramatic Works. and enables us to read those authors more understandingTy. By MART. Ixxx.KEs & Kleber. The old wordSj like old shoes and well-worn apparel. A vol. Marlowe. 13 vols. Sir Aston' Cokain's Dramatic Works. Whatman's drawmg paper (only thirty copies printed). i vol. J. H. $30. and Public i2mo. But we all need to know them . Large paper.. not many cenIf he could induce us to turies ago. for in them are comprised a wealth of expression. 4 vols. but hard as it might have been for Caesar to add a new word to his native Latin language. . pp. by William Matthews. Logan. with quotations to illustrate how they were read by the classical writers of the English language. that " the Best "is laboring to naturalize into OUT language. as well as men. i vol. Letter-press by Francis Hart & Co. II.

its maker. — The above work condenses in a lively narrative form a most astonishing mass of curious and recondite information in regard to the subject of which it treats. Names of the Ships in which they embarked. hf. Edited by John Camden Hotten. de Balzac. in illustration of all Blake's works. on paper made expressly for the work. . As the Warrior's Weapon. is shown here to have played a far greater part in history than is commonly imagined. $6. while it is certainly the most daring in conception and gorgeous Gilchrisi^s Life of Blake." Swinburne. A A folio. uncut.50. red edges.00. small . as Stimulus. it has been the tool also of luxury. From the blud. and the Wizard's Wand. in all its relations with man since first he meddled with the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. . 1790 (1868). Atalanta in Calydon. " The most curious and significant. As Sceptre and as Crook.^eon of Cain to the truncheon of the Marshals of France. all of them interesting to the student of human morals. I vol. . 16001700.00. pleasure as well as pain. i2mo. " Wrought for A a Staff. It has ministered to man. $17. .) and Hell Marriage of Heaven reproduction and facsimile of this marvelous work. printed in colors. Its Uses and Abuses. $5. Translated and adapted from the French of Antony Real (Fernand Michel). With their Ages. preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty's Public Record Office. from the budding rod of Aaron to the blazmg cane of M. the stick. 4to. . the Locahties where they formerly Lived in the Mother Country. $10. and as Scourge. elegantly bound in half Roxburghe morocco. for between the days of the society of Assassins in the East and those of the society of the Aphrodites in the West. Cloth. crown 4to. but not all of them wisely to be treated of before the general public. wrought for a Rod. Blake's (Wm. and has served for his support as well as for his subjugation. Emigrants Religious Exiles Political Rebels Serving-men Sold for a Term of Years Apprentices ChilMaidens Pressed dren Stolen and others who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations.50. which he did not live to handle in his own inimitable way. It has been the instrument of justice. extra cloth. The late Mr." A *^ A . England. The mysteries in which it has figured are some of them revealed and others of them hinted in these most entertaining and instructive pages. SECOND EDITION. .00. and other interesting particulars. very feiv copies remaining. very handsome volume. few Large Paper copies have been printed. 700 pages. Buckle especially collected on this subject some most astounding particulars of social history. but of which an adequate inkling is here aiforded to the serious and intelligent reader.: — 16 The Story of the Stick Philosophical History and In all Ages and all Lands. Original Lists of Persons of Quality.. Roxburghe morocco. $1. gilt top. As Stay. Lively Chronicle of the Stick as the Friend and Foe of Man. the Stick has been made the pivot of many secret associations. From MSS.

with Explanatory Text. in the prospect of having in their hands such a labor of love and of knowledge. price $5. $8. engraved on steel by Forrest. $40. newly engraved on steel . be. 8vo. OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. Will doubdess supersede all others as library edition of Burns. and XVIIlh and XVIIIth centuries. by John 2 vols." Ediithurgh Courant. Gazette. with Explanatory Notes. Rossettiin The AcadeTny." is Folio. comprising Upwards of 2. and interest. edition will be unquestionably the best which has yet appeared. Oriental. by W. that it is satisfactory to see his works collected If on the one hand he may claim to have enriched the drama with characters that may compare with the best in Chapman or Marston. . " Le Moyen Age et la Renaissance " and "Les Arts Somptuwell He and it will order. accuracy. . as the author of the principal those magnificent works. . paper (only 50 printed). Large Paper. ScoTT DOUGLAS.— — — — — —— — 17 SPLENDID Complete NEW LIBRARY EDITION. SILVER. he has also in realism gone beyond Webster Mr." /ttver»ess Courier. " May challenge comparison with any previous product of the Scottish press." London Scottish *' *' ' "The "A yournal. Four Facsimiles of Original MSS. Edited^ with Critical Introduction and Notes. . Collins has discharged completely his editorial duties.000 specimens of the styles of Ancient.. "A fine library edition of Scotland's greatest poet. gratifying addition to general literature. Really an ' exhaustive effort to collect the whole of the poems. and Mediceval Art. \* Six volumes. The Third Volume Poems. and yet in a classical form. Large $4. &c. by Clark Stanton . India Proof per volume." Aberdeen . Also on . Containing 327 Poems and Songs. and of poetry. Forrest . gilt edges. Churton Collins. and his perfect fidelity of color are only equalled by the profound knowledge which has enabled him to combine so vast a collection in histofical m known. AND COLORS. M. and including the Renaissance. Various Readings and Glossary.^um. The Birthplace of Burns and Tarn 0' Shanter. royal 8vo. cloth. cloth. cloth. and a general introduction. His happy choice of subjects. his ingenious grouping ol them in harmonious forms. Polyclironiatic Ornament. Wood Engravings Music. Racinet. Plates.00 each.00. a Colored Map. intricate a subject. both in France and in this country." Birmingham. selected and arranged for practical use by A. 100 PLATES IN GOLD. facsimiles.00 contains hitherto unpublished drawings of Ellisland and Lincluden by Sam Bough. " Athen. Nasmyth's Two Portraits of Burns. The Plays and Poems of Cyril Tourneur. Edited by W.. after Sam Bough." Pail Mall Gazette. his wonderful accuracy in drawing. Is of the highest order of merit." Daily Review. arranged chronologically 15 of which have not hitherto appeared in a complete form ." W.. . yottrnni. "* We heartily congratulate the admirers of Burns. 8vo. $10. . is therefore peculiarly well fitted to grapple with the difficulties of so be found that he has discharged his task in a manner to deserve general approval and admiration. and his notes display a considerable amount of reading. all of them taken from originals. cloth.00. Works of Robert Burns. "So much of the dramatic fire and vigor which form the special characteristics of the Elizabethan dramatists is discemable in Cyril Toumeur.00. Monsieur Racinet designs aires. " Promises to outshine all former editions in completeness. and the Scottish Muse.

and Textile Art is the department of archseology to which he has devoted the best years of his life.OO. XIX. Old Print Collectors' Guide: Prints. IV. XX. $18. mdexes. but at the same time the framer of "Ornamental Textile Fabrics" has drawn more amply from the extensive stock of models belonging to more recent periods. XXI.00. By M. Mezzotinto Engraving. Italian Schools. Of all Ages and A mens." X. half morocco. Scarce. British Museum Collection. Mezzotinto Engravings and Engravers. Douce Collection. plates of monograms. is known as one of the most distinguished archaemodem France. . XVI. V. Varia Bibliography. 2 large vols. Masters of 1446. etc. 6 vols. #*# This new edition entirely supersedes the previous one. XIV. AN ENTIRELY NEW AND REVISED An tions. from the beginning ot the 13th to the 15th Century. and illustra- By Wm. are done full justice to. and pledged himself never to reproduce the NEW AND MAGNIFICENT WORK ON TEXTILE FABRICS. 8vo. M. In this manner the work now submitted to the public is Dot a mere ornamental one. The Northern Schools to the lime of Diirer. XXIV. VI. XVII. Mediaeval and Modern Ornamental Designs of Textile Fabrics. The Southern Schools of Wood Engraving. French and English Schools. to the Print Collector. Bvo. criminal prosecution. Engraving in General. The works of ancient textile art.00. in addi tion to much new matfuUhsts of Monograms and marks of celebrated collectors and amateurs. XVIII. On the Various Processes or kinds of Engraving. also in Chap. folio. Willshire. Illustrated with Fifty Plates in Gold. Appendix. demy Handsomely printed.ement of Prmts. $ii. extra. Monograms. Cliche." XV.18 Prostitution. ologists of The Editor of this work. Dutch and Flemish Schools. taining a treatise on the Obscenity of the French language. $13. On Engraving in the "Dotted Manner. Nielli. I vol. having. work— the best that we have on the subject — many of the We etc. Vll. a highly interesting bibliographical account of the Aretin plates by Marc Antonio. cf. etc. DUFOUR (Pierre). and the art of weaving in particular.. The Southern Schools of Engraving on Metal. gilt top. H. Advice on the Study and Collection of Prints. 8vo. EDITION. ter. and is admitted by all artists to be unique in every respect. The Masters of "Chiaro oscuro. with Explanatory Description and a General Introduction. gilt tops. gilt. II. ec. III. Polytypage. DUMONT-AUBERVILLE. Northern Schools from Durer to the 17th Century. Engraving in Ancient Times. gravings on steel. I. etc. XII. VIII. Histoire de la Prostitution chez tous les peuples du Monde. High-priced Books.50. Silver. both in the East and the West. Ornamental Textile Fabrics practical Collection of SpeciNations. The Various Schools of Engraving. he has selected those subjects which are most worthy of the attention both of the amateur and the manufacturer. cloth. On the Examination and Purchase of Ancient Prints. School of Marc Antonio. A work indispensable beine a concentration in one volume of all the varied information relative to the History of Engraving and of Ancient Prints. XXXII. From his immense collection of specimen-^ taken from the Renaissance and the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.ooo various styles of Ancient. $25. — — . His collection of specimens of textile fabrics embraces models taken from all ages and from all countries. Chief Etchers of the Northern Schools... Contents. 6 vols. IX. . Oxford. depuis I'antiquite la plus recuIllustrated with numerous fine enlee jusqu'a nos jours. hf. Chief Etchers of the Italian Schools. Introduction to the Study and Collection of Ancient Frontispiece. Comprising upwards of i. Dupont-Auberville. the Jargon of Argot. Metal Engraving. In this learned Original and only genuine edition.. and Colors. cloth. in 3. XIII. its Origin. On the Conservation and Arrang. etc. but at the same time it possesses a practical usefulness which must cause it to be valued by all who make a study of taste in manufacturing industry in general. chapters are tievoted to instance Chaj?. condissertations on matters of general interest to students of literature. XI. work The author was threatened with it has now become scarce.

Reprinted from the original edition. an «titm in Scottish Literature. Notes and Glossary. " my Greyille's Memoirs. M. post 8vo.A. with additions. and Sir Lindsay of the Mount. cloth. are The same. 1874. Gavin Douglas.50. and his long tenure of a permanent office immediately outside of the circle of politics compelled him to observe a neutrality which was probably congenial to his character and inclmation. by J.A. LARGE PAPER.0. $7. Handsomely printed in 4 vols. as 'n^ " ^j" Edition of them has long been a dtsuurof the second of these have not hitherto been collected. 8vo. The same. Names. Collection of Words. Mr. Journal of the Reign of King George IV.00. Dream (1641). (of all kinds) #*^ The edition was limited to 252 copies. joyed for many years. Bishop of Dunkeld. etc. With numerous Illustrations. F. $6. 2 vols. Greville associated. cloth. uncut.6. which have been thought to require Illustration in the Works of English Authors. with red line handsomely printed in antique borders. Phrases. $6. and laughter-moving tales. Small. par- NEW Shakespeare and his contemporaries. F. ticularly Gayin Douglas' Poetical Work^. It is completely exhausted. to taste. As a man of 'ank and fashion. including a Key to the Assumed Characters in the 8vo. Edited by Henry Reeve. etc." Isaac Disraeli. half-Roxburghe.— — . A new Edition. Imp.00. $6.50. I have not yet recovered from the delightful delirium into which your ' Bibliomania' has comYour book. Edition. with a Supple: Drama. and the title-pages and woodcuts of the early editions in facsimile. new vellum (limited to 25 and copies not to be cloth. 8vo. but. Esq. $12. Proverbs.S. on terms of equality.) . now difficult to obtain. Square i2mo. half-Roxburghe. new cloth. uncut. 8vo. Greville.00 a few Large Paper copies. No any previous all with Archie Armstrong's Banquet of Jests. $18. the edges altogether . With Memoir. Halliwell and Thomas Wright. O. 19 Dibdin's Bibliomania Or. cloth. (Pubhshed David The distinguished poets. Fifty copies only printed.00. is Nares' Glossary. $9. Saturday Revieiv. Illustrated by specimens of the Manuscripts. $12. clever witticisms.." stories.00. William Dunbar. and Allusions to Customs. ment. Or. printed on Whatman's paper Square i2mo. 4 handsome demy 8vo vols. is one of the most extraordmary gratifications I have enpletely thrown me.with Archie's style. " A more amusing budget of odd found in Jester's Library. @ ^6. new cloth. copies). Book-Madness A Bibliographical Romance. together .50. By the late Charles C.. form a trio of whom Scotland has every reason to be proud. by J. equally important contribution to the political history of the last generation has been made by writer.. the statesmen of his time. 3 vols. and King William IV.

cabinets of the curious. appeared in 1817. uncut. These volumes havihg in turn become exceedingly scarce. crown 8vo. and in antique boards. bds. The Muses' Recreation. beautifully printed on antique laid paper. old and new. this very scarce work. and . good-natured man so was the delight of the most polite companies in conversations. Profusely illustrated Tom D'Urfey's choly. E. Only a few printed. of all ranks and conditions. uncut. Small paper. Anne's reign had frequently the honor of diverting that princess with witty catches and songs of humor suited to the spirit of the times. and in the latter part of Queer. The whole compared with . author of " The Wreath/' etc.. UNIFORM WITH "TOM D'URFEY'S PILLS. the Notes of the editor of 1817 are considerably augmented. Wit Restored. A ." Chalmers. the Publishers venture to put forth the present new edition. $24. 's to the latter part of King George 1. Dubois. obtained him the favor of great numbers. no pains have been spared to render it more complete and elegant than any that has yet appeared. from the l^eginning of Charles II.00. . and were of no little service to the purty in whose cause he wrote which. Large paper. monarchs themselves not excluded. 1658. tells us that he remembered King Charles II. leaning on Tom D'Urfey's shoulder more than once.50. 's reign and many an honest gentleman got a reputation in his country by pretending to have been in company with Tom D*Urfey. and acheerful. and wbodcuts of the originals have been accurately followed . and which he sang in a lively and entertaining manner. in 2 volumes. and Notes. The type. cloth. 1640. of Ex- pression. together with a portrait of Sir Joha Mennis. was not accessible to Mr.— 20 Bell's Anatomy and Philosophy with the Fine Arts. $4. Si any of these were upon temporary occasions. Plates. edited by Mr. post Svo. D'Urfey his greatest reputation was a peculiarly happy knack he possessed in the writing of satires and irregular odes. humming that he over a song with him." Musarum Or. $15. Bds. D'Urfey. crown 4to. forming two volumes of Facetiae." " Pills to'Purge Melan- Being a collection of Merry Ballads and Songs. and indexes have been added. bound A FEW Large Paper.SO.. 6 vols. in which. 1656.. As connected Royal 8vo. while nothing has been omitted.00. James Smith. plates. Freeman when he compiled his " Kentish Poets. written by himself.00. with all the Memoirs. in No. uncut. from a painting by Vandyke in Lord Clarendon's Collection. 67. And the author of the Guardian. 6 vols. . and Wit's Recreation. 2 vols. with a view to recommend him to the public notice for a benefit play. 4to. the originals Delicise . The small volume entitied " Musarum Delicise or. honest." together with several other kindred pieces of the period. $4. Copies have been prepared. The Muses* Recreation. reprint of the " Musarum DeliciEe. having each its proper tune for An exact and beautiful reprint of voice and instrument." and has since become so rare that it is only found in the . Wood Engravings. fitted to all humors. A new edition. there are none whose works are more rare than those of Sir John Mennis and Dr. *#* Of the Poets of the Restoration. He was strongly attached to the Tory interest. has given a very humorous account of Mr. $7. **He appears to have been a diverting companion. together with his natural vivacity and good humor. " But what obtained Mr. who." which contains thtf production of these two friends.

1 798). Aubin. With an Introduction by F. furnishing as it does a general record of the artistic achievements of the past year. half cloth. Greux. — $12. Orchardson. Svo. " Such is the plan and moral part of the author's invention ." '' Histriomastix " The Prodigal Son. embracing many of the rarest subjects executed by that unique Artist. so often redeemed by taste. vellum cloth. William Blake. Champollion. Lettres. LACROIX. gilt edges. Gonzalez. Sciences et Arts.50. The School of Shakspere. Every class of artists. careful reviews of the representative Exhibitions from which subjects of the illustrations have been chosen. ''Nobody and Somebody. G. Proofs on India papen Folio. etc. when we see him play on the very verge of legitimate invention ." INTERESTING NEW WORK ON BLAKE. Watteau. Bernier. and not seldom our fears. Eisen.— 21 SPLENDID NEW VOLUME OF ETCHINGS. Chauvel. what child of fancy what artist would wish to discharge ? The groups and single figures on dieir own basis. Etchings from his Works. Etchings from Representative Works of Living Eno-lish and Foreign Artists.00. Martial. Leighton. JULES Breton. F. the technical part and the execution of the artist. By W. Stukeley. and from the contriver of ornament to the fiainter of history.50. Tastefully bound. sometimes excite our wonder." "A Warning for Fair Women" with Reprints of the Accounts of the Murder . and their purpose is to supply. frequently exhibit those genuine and unaffected attitudes those simple graces which nature and the heart alone can dictate." Edited. a coherent account of the recent progress of the Arts in England and "Apart from France.00. etc. GraveMoREAU. in fact. Executed by Waltner. Van Marcke. Boucher. equally claim approbation. One Volume Full imperial 8vo. $8. FORTUNY. Including " The Life and Death of Captain Thomas New Life of Stukeley from Unpublished . J. though to be examined by other principles and addressed to a narrower circle. Illustrated with 15 chromo-lithographs and 250 wood-engravings. $13. Vernet. etc. and an Account of Robert Green and his Quarrels with Shakspere. polished Levant morocco. within moderate limits. St. Cochin. and " Faire Em. E.the student to the Jinished master. Lalauze. F. Furnivall. this elegant volume deserves special attention from the value of its text. Watts. viz. after lot. Burne Jones. i?i every stage of their progress or attainments^ from. Examples of Contemporary : Art. with Introduction and Notes." Sources. and elegance. . Hedouin." with a cloth. Chaplin. and only an eye inspired by both discover. NEW VOLUME BY PAUL XYIII'^^ Si^cle. 2 vols. France (1700." " Jack Drum's Entertainment. Macbeth.00. by Richard Simpson. They are.. Vanloo. gilt edges. $4. gilt. ivill find here materials — — — of art and hints of ifnprovement. simplicity. Paczka." — Crotnek. abstracted from the general composition and considered without attention to the plan. etc. its value as a graphic account of the two great foreign Exhibitions of Art. One large folio volume. but wildness so picturesque in itself. $22. Bell Scott.

etc. $7. gilt leaves. in which the subject is treated in a most exhaustive manner. have been. ^z first devoted to the History of Music. &c.00. Most profusely illustrated with par I. new cloth^ ttncut. i large vol. and many of those touches of nature which make the whole world km. on the Voice. $6. The printing of this unic[ue work has been executed by a photographic process which reproduces of the original work. Les Harmonies du Son et les Instruments de Musique.^iK fourth.. $4. Translated into English by Nicholas Udall. The reprint is literal . $10. and the binding is a careful reproduction of that of Caxton's day. gilt edges. .22 Schnorr's Bible Illustrations: La Sainte Bible. I'Abb^ Salmon du diocese de Paris. The at the of the Philos(printed i First Book printed by Caxton in England Almonry at Westminster in the year 1477). uncut. each of which is numbered and attested by autograph signature of the editor. and having all the peculiarities of the original. This reprint has been made from the second edition. pleasant humor. historical account of the book. vol. The hook is divided into four general heads. . which were exceedingly incorrect. small folio. of Erasmus. Only 250 copies. but there is a good deal of grave. extra. author of the Life and Typo^aphy of William Caxton. pp. The Apophthegms . Printed in exact facsimile of the editio princeps. 8^^.. par M. be generally acceptable as representing the first work issued from the press in England. A . The thirds on the History of Musical Instruments. to make it easier for the general reader. 582. on die Sentiments. that of 1562. prmted on heavy laid paper front. infallibly all the characteristics . An entirely new work. ^ving a short.00 or half red morocco. apart from its value to collectors.00 or. and to the connoisseur more valuable.00. paper uncut. LiterallyBeautifully reprinted from the scarce Edition of 1564. of Carolsfeld. When Nicholas Udall undertook to translate this work he was the right man in the right place. put right'^ CAX TON COMMEMORATION VOLUME. I vol. Rambosson. Sound. extra. on paper manufactured expressly for the work. and five 8vo. and the Greek quotations. full turkey morocco. and as illustrating the state of the art of printing in its infancy. or production and propagation of sound. paper. by an Introduction by William Blades. and its position among the works printed by Caxton. The wit in it is not as startling as fireworks. the contractions have been filled in. if not of modem instances. Acoustics. 'X. full of wise saws. Locomotion.commentaires. and its influence on Physique and Morals. •'This is a pleasant gossipy book. It may be considered one of the earliest English jest books. 4to. $6. Handsomely printed and illustrated. upivards of 200 beautiful engravings on wood. This memorial volume is rendered still more interesting. The second. in most cases. including the most recent discoveries in this branch. small folio. Musical Instruments. the Influence of Music on Intelligence. Ancien et Nouveau Testament recit et . the circumstances that led to its publication.00. It is believed that the publication of this work will. The Dictes and Sayings ophers. with 240 beautiful engravings on wood from the celebrated designs of Schnorr handsome volume. the only di/Ference being that. Esq. $12. etc.50. Probably no old English book so abounds with colloquialisms and idiomatic expressions. chromo-lithographic plates. It is very valuable on that account.

and is commendabty reticent as to its details but because it contains a lucid account the most notable causes cilibres from the time of Louis XIV.00. 4to." Daily Telegraph. . William Shakespeare's Comedies. • a reduced f?™' . Memoirs of the Sanson Family. extra.50. by Burt. 5 vols.00. gilt top. on a hand-press. in reduced fac-simile by a photographic Post cess. $3.. but it is as distinct as in a genuine copy of the origmal. diminutive. and Published according to the True Original Tragedies. William Hickling Prescott. post 8vo. Duyckinck. translation of this curious work. after an original painting by Duggan. Two vols. if not particularly instrucuve. Washington Irving.*='yj='. Histories. A complete facsimile of the celebrated First Folio m edition of '«»3 /°'. ter of horrors. and the new Supplement forming the fifth. Duyckinck's Cyclopaedia of American Literature.. James Fenimore Cooper. extremely entertaining. Only thirteen sets of this edition now remain. Blount. or half calf.Kf^*_. Mr. $25. Printed by Alvord. $S. the iXa&axV —Athenaum. Bemg ^^^f^^^^^^ and wiU be found to be as useful. prepared expressly for the work. to a period within the memory of of The memoirs. can scarcely fail to be persons still living. Half morocco. Copies. The subjects of these portraits are Benjamin Franklin. London. "A . gilt A top. $50.. and on tinted paper of extra weight and finish. ensuring the strictest accuracy in every detail. The First Edition of Shakespeare. $3. with an Introduction by Camille BarrMe. Compiled from Private Documents in the possession ol the Family (1688 to 1847). Something much above a mere chap- ONLY ONE HUNDRED COPIES PRINTED. for which purpose it is admirably adapted. with the Supplement. uncut. and far more handy to 8vo. not on the ground full of horrors for the original author seems to be rather ashamed of the technical aspect of his profession.. half mor. •' A faithful of its being — — . a miracle of cheapness and enterprise.S"'"=^^^^^^ . 1623. each of the two original volumes being divided into two parts. Translated from the French.^ "?"£'. newly engraved in line. book of great though !>omewbat ghastly interest. by Henri Sanson. of about three hundred and fifty pages each. Printed by ISAAC lAGGARD and Ed. finely engraved portrait printed on India paper is given with each part.— 23 SEVEN GENERATIONS OF EXECUTIONERS."— Graihic.cx3. a portrait of the late George L. with separate rubricated titles. For the convenience of persons desirous of illustrating the work. it has been issued in five parts. which will certainly repay perusal.00. . cloth. and. An exact reproduction of the extremely prorare original.

from the most remarkable pictures in this celebrated collection. Reproduced in fac-simile.00. The graphic department is. Boston (Eng. profit des pauvres de cette Ville.00 or in half morocco. . Handsomely printed on heavy paper. . Westminster Drolleries. thick i2mo. The most complete gilt top. if any and critical notes on each picture. 1875. $10.50. and Copious Notes. translation. *#* Already out of print and scarce. uncut. with an introduction on the Literature of the Drolleries. containing . etc. 2 vols. including Greux. DiJrer's " Little Passion. $25. and are of an inferior and unsatisfactory class ol workmanship. gilt tops. Illustrations. Flameng. or handsomely bound in half polished Levant morocco. lacking more or less of the Plates. has long been regarded as one of the most remarkable collections of illustrations luiown to the world. paper. upwards of sixty examples of the best etchers of the present day..A. H^douin. The editions which have been pubHshed in modern times in Europe are defective. and Emendations of Text. C. and the 12 unique plates from the rare Milan Edition. etc. with Introduction Illustrated Now fully translated Esq. Thick royal 4to. into Ten Days' Entertainment. au Troisi^me edition. Gilbert. and the money received from its sale donated to the fund for the relief of the poor of the city. $15. Royal 4to (13 x 10^ inches). Masson.). i2mo. John W. A complete set of the Thirty-seven Woodcuts. cloth extra. One volume. by THOMAS WRIGHT. by Albert Diirer. .A. $5. $3. This charming catalogue was gotten up at the expense of the generous owner of the collection. consisting of thirty-seven woodcuts. embracing. Duclos. uncut. Galerie du Cercle Artistique et Litteraire de Bruxelles. by Stothard's Engrav- ings on Steel. Edited by W. One volume. Lemaire. and illustrated with a series of 68 large and most exquisitely executed etchings. *** Only a small Edition . The Wilson Collection. Lalanne.00. Prime. Wilson. FiNE IMPRESSIONS. $8. The Litde Passion of Albert DQrer. F. privately printed.00. Jacquemart. The edition consisted of i. however. $30. M. as it does. Morocco antique. Chauvel. Gaucherel.24 A SUPERB SERIES OF ETCHINGS. Ebsworth's (J.ooo copies. Exposee dans la Collection de M. cloth.. Printed on heavy glazed paper.. many passages not hitherto translated into English. It was immediately exhausted. Martial. Or.50. Complete sets of the entire series are excessively rare. Woodfall) Westminster Drolleries. Boccaccio's Decameron. uncut. notices of the engraved examples. half vellum. The Catalogue is a model of its kind.00.S. The notices are in most instances accompanied with a facsimile of the artist's signature to the picture a biographical sketch of the artist. the great feature of this Catalogue.. English. Kajon." Passio Christi.

. with Illuswith the Cognomen of Chinchon.. $4. relating to the town of Brooklyn. a Bibliography By Gabriel Furman. cloth. Nations. cloth. Lives of the Founders. $30. Swinburne's William Blake A Critical Essay.B. in the Department of MSS. lections. 8vo. Member of the Imperial Academy Naturae Curiosorum. By CLEMENTS R. comprising 3000 examples of the Decoration of press. Markham. in 28 Parts gilt or bound in cloth.00 each morocco. executed in Chromolithography.Co. . Ages and illustrated . $3. of the British Museum in the Privy Council Office. C.00. Messrs. With Illustrations from signs in Fac-simile. Based on new researches at the Rolls 1570 to 1870. beautiful type. A. gilt top. large and Large Paper.50. Half This new edition is a reproduction of the larger work on a smaller scale a few of the plates which could not be reduced have been printed on a larger scale. Public and Private. and other Benefactors of the British Museum. Geographical and Historical. of the Lady Ana De Osorio. the above is offered at the greatly reduced price mentioned.50. with Descriptive Letterwith Woodcuts. cloth. Trubner &. whose originality and geniui. I ' vol. and in other ColBy Edward Edwards. County. With by Henry Onderdonk. De- A valuable contribution to are now beginning to our knowledge of a most remarkable man. Memoir 1629-39. be generally recognized.00. in Kings I vol. *^* By a special arrangement with the English publishers. 25 Jones' (Owen) Grammar of Ornament. large i2mo. Augmenters.00. . House. edges. To which is added Notes.D. With a Plea for the Correct Spelling of the Chinchona Genus. $7. trations. Jr. some colored. $32. Blake's 8vo. Royal 8vo $10. FOUNDERS OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM. Countess of Chinchon. cloth... and Vice-Queen of Peru.00. (only 60 copies printed). $3. all A Series of 112 exquisitely colored Plates. and the same artistic matter has been extended ii-oin loo to 112 plates. Folio.00. on Long Island. Small 4to. Antiquities of Long Island. $1.

from the first chapter to the As a picture of the manners of the period. Letter from. etc. MAN. F. 1874. A called. Romney Marsh. Pym. and bound in antique boards. the book is invaluable to students. pp. L. among the various grades of society through which the hero passes in the course of his extraordinary adventures. Reprint of the rare Original edition (London. To historical students and antiquaries. and January. . Exact Collection of the choicest PoEMS and SONGS relating to the late Times. beautifully printed on antique laid paper. Geiger. Imperial 8vo. and to the genera] reader. A Peep at Mexico: Narrative of a Journey Across the Republic. printed on antique laid paper.G. last. 8vo. Cromwell. cloth. In 2 vols. A . in England.— 26 A NEW AND ATTRACTIVE BOOK ON MEXICO. Studies of Landscape and Architecture in Winchelsea. It was from such materials that Lord Macaulay was enabled to produce his vivid pictures of England in the sixteenth century. from the Pacific to the Gulf. 1873. or Large Paper Copies. with 4 Maps and 45 original Photographs. Cloth. $6. thieves. etc. $6. and with an enthusiastic contempt for conventionality. $5. The interest never flags for a moment. The English Eogue. made expressly. London Correspondent. 368. Volumes. By J.00 or Large Paper Copies.00. *^* A very rare and extraordinary collection of some two hundred Popular Ballads and Cavalier Songs. comprehending the most Eminent Cheats of both Sexes. and bound in antique boards. $8. never outgrow. and among gypsies. Uiese volumes will be found full of interest. Rye.00. and *' Mr. By RICHARD HEAD and FRANCIS KiRKfac-simile reprint of the rare Original Edition (1665-1672). with Frontispiece and Engraved Title-page. Champneys original genius and which I hope he may is an architect who takes the liberty to think for himself a man of much sincere culture. post 8vo. young." Neiv York Tridufte. gilt leaves. Champneys' Quiet Corner of England. $4. two hundred years ago.00. beggars.50. 4 vols. the Martyrdom of King Charles. properly soThe same air of reality pervades it as that which gives such a charm to stories written by half a century later. on all the principal incidents of the great Civil War. $10. DeFoe *#* This singularly entertaining work may be described as the first English novel. — .R.S. the Commonwealth. gilt. and Portraits of the authors. the Roundheads. the Trial of Strafford. and other Extravagants. With thirty-one Illustrations by Alfred Dawson. with Frontispiece. 1662). post 8vo. The Rump An . in December. Fac-similes of the 12 In Four copper-plates. Demy 8vo. and continued by the most Fac-simile eminent Wits from Anno 1639 to 1661. Described in the Life of MeriTON Latroon. Or.00.

. extra. Enthusiasts are easily duped. Esq. Vol. the puWic For many years it has been well known in literary circles that the gentleman to whom been an . and numerous Woodcuts.00. chance to fall in mywa. after many years' diligent search.— 27 Ireland's Shakspeare Forgeries. Hitherto Unknown Writings. DeFoe's Life and Works. because the most willingly. To them. deceived. a book. $3. Edition limited to . "It has frequently afforded me a matter of astonishment to think how this literary fraud could have so long duped the world. II. Title. years have been. otherwise. Comprising Several Hundred Important Essays. and they are uneasy until it is in their possession. now first brought to light. of Johnsonian renown smiling whensoever the volumes of Majone and Chalmers. with additional Fac-similes. is . By WiLLlAM Lee. Esq. PoHtical. H. ignorant young scamp. after years of pleasant labor on a very pleasant subject. paUiates nothing tells the whole story of his his simplicity and frankness.v. — Womankind From Illuminated $4. and others. cloth. at once the most numerous. and for a hundred hopelessly beyond their reach. Or in tree calf. A 300 copies. . and an Introduction by RICHARD Grant White. cloth. or it would seem indirecdy. who succeeded in deludmg the whole body of them in England two generations ago. His " Confessions *' are the simply told story of this stupendous imposture and the book long out of print and scarce is one the most naif and amusing of its kmd in the whole history of literature. Wharnor can I ever refrain from ton. i2mo. $15. and other Writings. lO ChroMO-LITHOGRAPHIC PLATES. a letter. and leaves a lasting lesson to the whole tribe of credulous collectors. Waldron. together with the pamphlets of Boaden. $2. ——Webb. With Facsimiles and Illustrations. The Confessions of William Henry Ireland. the least scrap or relic which is connected directly. excepting the religious. and involved in its deceptions vortex such personages as Parr. containing the Particulars of his Fabrication of the Shakspeare Manuscripts together with Anecdotes and Opinions of manydistinguished Persons in the Literary.— III. 3 vols. vellum cloth." W. or. those who give themselves up to the worship of some great poet or artist are the easiest prey of the impostor. not omitting Jemmy Boswell. I. Pamphlets. and Philalethes. extra gilt. Life and Newly-Discovered Writings of Daniel DeFoe. has been able to learn as to the condition of women from the earliest times. and A most valuable contribution to English history and English literature." which were merely an impudent attempt to supply a demand an attempt made by a clever. of DeFoe. uncut edges.00. on Large and Thick paper. To their craving and their greed we owe the "Ireland Forgeries. 8vo. is equally delightful and instructive and chiefly so. ridiculous iniquity. new edition. something more than a drawing-room ornament. and that such coUection had reference to a fatig-iblecoUectorofeverything relating to the more full and correct Memoir than had yet been given to the world.50. It is an elaborate and careful summary of all that one of our most learned antiquaries. 1869. and of all enthusiasts. or removed Of all these enthusiasts the "Shakspearians" are.ndeindebted for this valuable addition to the knowledge of DeFoe's Life and Works has subject. IRELAND'S '* Clialcogra_phimania" . the Earliest Times to the Seventeenth Century. 8vo. because of He conceals nothing. and the most easily. and Sheridan. is an inestimable treasure. Small 4to. Wyatt. Shakspearian — : — — . This work is in Western Europe.00. His exhibition of the " gulls. with their idol. A New Memoir Vols. $6. and Theatrical World. i volume. 50." whom he made his victims.

there is a more unaffected love of ships. vellum cloth. gilt or marbled edges. $5. Gesta Eomanorum.00. 115. Half smooth morocco.00. We may add. with a Portrait of Wilson. gilt top.00 per copy. One of the cheapest books ever offered to the American public. JUustratioiis to ShakesJ>eare. is equal in elegance to the most distinguished of our own splendid works on Ornithology. Charles Swan.S. A " light Gesta Romanoku. description. exhibiting nearly Four Hundred figures of Birds. from the earliest times. The old edition. with Preliminary Observations and Copious Notes. without knowing . for and a fresher feeling of sea breeze always blowing. cloth extra. printed on large and heavy paper. Or. by the Rev. limited edition only was printed.. " With an enthusiasm never excelled. R." Cdvier. gilt top. $20. A. Esq.A. cloth extra." Lord Brougham. Translated from the Latin. Small 4to. and history he has always determined his bird so obviously as to defy criticism. Natural History of tlie Birds of the United States. Monks . with the Continuation by Prince Charles Lucian Bonaparte. and illustrated by valuable Notes and a Author by Sir William Jardine. . of which now only 14 copies remain. in portfolio. $17. Imperial 8vo 3 vols. ings taken expressly for the Work. A of Views A few copies. with an Introduction by Thomas Wright."— Charles Lucian Bonaparte. half morocco. gilt top. " All his pencil or pen has touched is established incontestably by the plate. this extraordinary man penetrated through the vast territories of the United States.00 *' I do not their own sake. he became. 2 vols. uncut. Three Vols. New edition.00. undeterred by forests or swamps. from Original DrawSeries By Olarkson Stanfield. Pull tree life original calf extra. 00 to $00. folio size. whence the most celebrated of our Poets and others. than Stakfield's * Coast Johm. Half morocco extra. without hesitation. and of delight in nature. $20.00. AND Enlarged Edition. . on the whole. that such a work as he has published is still a desideratum in Europe. for the sole purpose of describing the native bii-ds. Stanfield's Coast Scenery.. 8vo.50. have extracted their Plots. BCEKERY. Full calf.m "—Doucis ! They" (the Monks) " might be disposed occasionally to recreate their minds with subjects of a and anmsing nature and what could be more innocent or delightful than the stories of the . few size. has always readily brought from §150.— — — — : 28 Wilson's American Ornithology Or.00. ." of native genius. . $40.00. $24. accurately engraved and beautifully colored. have been printed on A. in the British Channel. co^iies Large Paper. *' The History of American Birds. gilt top. Entertaining Moral Stories. Buskin. a great writer. " By the mere force a good..' " know any work in which. not nearly so complete as the present.00. 8vo. Proofs on India paper.. by Alexander Wilson. Invented by the as a fireside recreation and commonly applied to their Discourses from the Pulpit. $10. completed New by the insertion of above One Hundred JBirds omitted in the of the tVOrJc. F. and i>revent future mistake. Illustrated with 39 Engravings on Steel. $10.A. gilt edges. and 103 Plates. it Blackwoud^s Magazine. extra. M.

or like the last tent ot some dead Arab. with Notes and Introduction. gilt edges. with the elaborate details of this beautiful specimen of Moorish Architecture. the engraved plates on India paper (pub. Though it has been alternately a barrack. $7. Small folio. It contains some very curious and primitive Legislation on Trade and Domestic Matters. or sapped for centuries like Athens. its prisons pens for sheep the Alhambra is still one of the most wonderful productions' of Eastern splendor. The County Families of the United Kingdom or. Henry YII. and has fallen more gently into decay. Cloth. gilt edges.200 pages. mines and counter-mines—spite of Spanish convicts. Containing a Brief Notice of the Descent Birth. or buried in a day like Pompeii .00. 100 plates. with a complete translation of the Arabic Inscriptions. a tea garden. to architects the small paper copies will suffice but gentlemen desirous of adding a noble book in its finest appearance to their library. the Alhambra still exisis— one of the most recent of European ruins. Spanish bigotry. $125. . at £l&). gilt . from the rare original. like a golden cup dropped on the sand. uncut. It is the most perfect in repair and the richest in design it has suffered less from : _ . Plans. $8. atlas folio. man. $100. French soldiers. thick imperial octavo. from Drawings taken on the spot by JULES GOURY and JONES. and remarkable as being in English. paupers. edges. and sought their new homes in the far desert." . and Appointments of each . I vol. and Flemisll barbarism of thieves and gipsys. when the rest of his tribe have long since taken up their spears. Elevations. contrabandists and brigands. and an Historical Notice of the Kings of Granada. by John Rae. 67 of which are highly finished in gold and colors. a. and Sections of the Alhambra. elegantly half bound morocco. 1489. by Pascual DE Gayangos. 2 vols. Marriage. it was not smitten down at a blow like Corinth. lingering in Europe long after the Moslem wavtfs have rolled back into Asia. Esq. Fellow of the Royal Institution. 67 of them in gold and colors. Edited. half bound morocco.. half morocco. at £2^^.50. Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of Great Britain and Ireland. minutely displayed in 100 beautifully engraved plates. M. and an almshouse— though its harem has been a hen-house. must have a Large Paper copy. Owen Jones' Alhambra. 1.29 Walford's County Families. Caxton's Statutes of . un: tethered their camels. The earliest known volume of Printed Statutes. "In spite of earthquakes. OwEN For practical purposes. or the elements. 2 vols. still standing. imperial folio (pub. By Edward Walford. Education. with his Town Address and Country Residence. a prison. person his Heir Apparent or Presumptive as also a Record of the Offices which he has hitherto held. In remarkable fac-simile. The same work on Large Paper. full gilt backs. It was not molten like Nineveh in an hour. charcoal-burners and snow-gatherers.

M. Esq. $8.00.. from Newspapers and Original Documents.30 Diary of the American Eevolution. $3. Oblong quarto. carefully printed $2. LiTTRl.00. Littr6 has fortunately lived long enough to com- — UNIFORM WITH THE LARGE FOLIO SHAKSPEARE EDITED BY THE SAME AUTHOR. Cruikshank's TIONS . and seized immediately upon Philoprogenitiveness a marvellous print. Par E. printed privately."—Wm. F." All the documents possessipg any real claim to importance are inserted at full length. which have been executed by J. With respect to the illustrations. new half morocco. paper. Esq.00. and J. Blight. antiquities. or attempted to study. paper. A series of 35 Etchings. illustrative of the various Organs of the Brain. T. and many of them are now printed for the first time. H. New York. Littre's French Dictionary.00. Halliwell. Oblong quarto. W. COLORED. Esq. $10.. too. Handsomely printed on heavy laid paper. impl. comprising views. This is a most important work for the Shakspearian student.00. royal quarto. E. possesses a Dictionary so rich work which M. Esq. Thackeray.00 per copy." Saturday Rei'ieiv. 4*^ Large Paper. printed from the original " Have we not before us. and Illustrated with a fine series of steel-plate portraits. By James O.. India Proofs. An Historical Account of the New upon-Avon. 2 vols. of 33 Etchijtgs. de rinstitut (Academie Fran9aise at Academic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres). is which only a limited impression has been made. had the honor of drawing the first lot. The great researches of the author have enabled him to bring to light many facts hitherto unknown in reference to the "great bard. REISSUE OF CRUIKSHANIPS ETCHINGS. reissue.S. 8vo. $40. in the history of words as this great plete. plates. etc. Published at $20. 1865.R. Fairholt. " No language that we have ever studied.00. a print one of the admirable ' Illustratumz of Phrenology which entire work was purchased by a jomt-stock company of boys—each drawing lots afterwards for the separate prints. indeed—full of instenuity and fine. The Same. and taking_ his choice in rotation ? The writer of this. F. By GEORGE Cruikshank. jovial humor. By Frank Moore. fac-similes of deeds. elegantly printed on superfine paper. A series *** This coppers. the last Place. Halliwell's New Place. at this very moment. — — * ' — .. Only a Limited Impression. Cruikshank's Illustrations of Time. Rimbault. An View of the Craniological System of Doctors Gall and Spurzheim. paper uncut. ' The Same. Four large vols. By GEORGE Cruikshank from the original 1874 1874 $3. $2. Ashbee. Stratford- residence of Shakspeare..00. Dictionnaire de la Langue Fran^aise. Folio^ cloth (uniform in size with the edition of Shakspeare's Works edited by the Author). W. of Colored. no endeavors have been spared to attain the strictest accuracy. and illustrated by upwards of sixty woodcuts. Phrenological Artist's lUustra- or.

Woenum. India Peoofs. Willmoee. the rarity of the publication makes it the more valuable. instead of the electrotype plates hitherto used. gilt edges.00 Atlas folio. extra. Elegantly bound in half Levant morocco. will be a sufficient names as Jeens. $50. in announcing a reissue of a limited number of copies of this important National Work.00. and Millee. very elegant. which deserves to find a place in the library of every man of taste. Artists^ Half morocco. rocco. TuENEE.31 The Turner A Grallery. Cousens. that. E. These ^oof impreasioTia constitute a volume of exceeding beauty. The Original Engravings have. little need be said by way of comment or introduction. the publisher has chosen judiciously. extra. . that a more beautiful and worthy tribute to the genius of the great painter does not exist. has not now been. With Eiographieal Sketch and Descriptive Text by Ralph N. we feel assured. but.00. among which are some that. finest pictures. such well-known Aemytage. particularly invited to the above exceedingly choice volume at they should speedily avail themselves of the opportunity of securing a at the copy low price which it is now offered. "It is not too much to afBrm. Of the high-class character of the Engravings themselves. $165. Proofs. till A series of engravings from Turner's and of a size and equality commensurate the public. Full Levant mo- The Tuenee Galleey is already so well known to lovers of art and to students of Turner. $75. with their importance.00. extra. $110. guarantee From " the London Art Journal. One volume. folio. Seeies of Sixty Engravings. from the "Works of M.A. Turner himself would have been delighted to see. The same. J. London. Full Levant morocco. Wallis. The attention of Collectors and Connoisseurs is . been employed. offered to " In selecting the subjects. W. for the iirst time. on that account. Keeper and Secretary of the National Gallery. and of the skill and excellence with which they are executed. K. Many of and the ablest landscape engravers of the day have been employed on the plates. extra." his grandest productions are in this series of Engravings. Laege Papee. and is not likely to exist at any future time. thus securing irrvpressions of more genuine^iess and irillianay than have yet been offered to the public. Goodall. The number of copies printed is too Umited for a wide circulation. BeanDAED.

1873. letters. of Leyden. them with a now well-known Dutch critic.. for he can draw I will not say like a great master. one would not be going far \vrong to describe Professor "Dnger as an art critic of very uncommon insight. and Mr..00. and mounted (pasted by the iipper edge only) on sufficiently good boards in such a manner as to enter into the most carefully arranged collections without further change. within the reach of cultivated people who have limited incomes. $15. for it proves a deUcacy and keenness of understanding which are both rare among artists and critics. but also excelling liy iiiiturjiliiesR and masterly handling. has much increased the interest in Unger^s etchings by accompanying valuable biographic essay of his own. Indeed.00. royal Impressions on India paper. $40. Etchings after Frans Hals. — .00. gilt top. Subsequently he portrayed the joyous popular life of the streets and the tavern at last those phases of national social life.' writes Mr. 1876. Unger has not the narrowness of the ordinary artist. Selected proofs. which have at once their image and memorial in the pictures of the arquebusiers and the civic governors. GuiDO. Etchings. Two parts.'* Hamebtok in the International Jieview for Jan. elegant substantial. A Series of 20 beautifully executed folio. and work on each with ease. Beottwee. This series is printed in one class of proof only. printed on heavy Dutch Or half moroccOj extra gilt top. and issued at a price that is most reasonable. Or elegantly bound in half Levant morocco. prices..DycK. POUSSIN. by C. Fkai^s Hals.00 additional to the above Uniform with Unger's works. the most remarkable set of studies from old masters which has been issued by the enterprise of our modem publishers. Vosmaer. $60. $80. * Prans Hals appeared merely as a portrait-painter. who writes in English and French as well language. Masters* VosMAEK.00. Yan . RlIBENSj OsTADE. A stranger to all academical lore.. Ten and " parts folio. to all literary co-operation. and they can hardly fail to make fine work better appreciated both by artists and amateurs. complete. extra. Yan dee Yelde. Voamaer. etc. true to life. different great masters. etc. for the which these etchings of Unger have been published. $60. Mr. who explains the sentiment and execution of great painters with an etching needle instead of a pen. .' which publishers in general appear to consider as a necessary companion to engraving. * " They who know the Dutch painter Hals only through the few portraits by him which have reached this country have but a slight comparative acquaintance with his works. $25.00.— — 32 The Works of William Unger. 16x22 inches. JoeDAENS. WouvEEMANs. No engraver who ever lived haa so — — '* It has been said of engraving that it is an unintellectnal occupationj because it is simply copyism but such engraving as this is not unintellectual. Vosmaer. Aug. Sijthoff deserves our thanks for placing works of real art. Ai-tist before on India paper. " few words of praise are due to the spirited publisher. for he can enter into the most opposite styles nor has he the technical ignorance of the ordinary critic. Rembrandt. With an Essay on the Life and Works of the artist. They are accompanied by a text printed with the greatest taste. like most of the modern artists of his youth . Veeonebe. Sijthoff. proofs on India paper. paper. thoroughly weU got up. . They are printed on fine Dutch paper. the as in his own " The seventy-two etchings before us are. completely identified himselC with painters he had to interpret as Professor Unger in the seventy-two plates which compose his ' "Works/ He can a dopt at will the most opposite styles. A Series of Seventy-two Etchings after the Old With Critical and Descriptive Notes by C. much superior to the ordinary * letter-press. A manner m " We recommend them strongly to all artists and lovers of art as a valuable means of art education and a source of enduring pleasure.' " LOTidon Art Jou7'7iat. a fluency such as other men can only attain in one manner their own and after half a lifetime. on the whole. on very fine Dutch paper. By William Ungee. Paul Pottee. Comprising the most celebrated paintings of the following artists: TrNTOEETTO. but like twenty . JaN StEEN. Ruysdael. " Mr.

paper covers. the two etchings by Flameng. as it is.."—JV^. Supposin. in the most careful manner. absolutely equal cordiality tion is some monotony in praising each successive portion of a periodical as it appears with an but the evenness of merit in L'Art makes this uniformity of commendaa duty. musicians. .00. paper. In cloth. Another Edition. illustrations. etc. and woodcuts of Claude's and Turner's pictures. and we are glad to learn. Times. Handsomely bound in half gilt top. to have solved the problem of combining excellence with cheapness. Revue Hebdomadaire Chas. and upwards of twenty etchings in each volume. Payments to be made on delivery of each quarterly volume. Lan^on. " There V . and C. Certainly there is no other means by which so many valuable pictures can be obtained at so small a price. There is no other journal in existence which so happily and skilfully combines the labors of artists and authors which does not subordinate art to letters. carefully printed on Holland paper. no less than seventy fine etchings by such men as Flameng. Desbrosses. N. printed throughout on heavy Holland paper. Courtry. but permits them to go 'hand in hand. and generally complete in reference to detail. The edition is strictly limited to Forming 4 thick volumes. Perrichon. We find. and abundant and mterestmg its information. " Sumptuous in paper and type. ''It would be easy and pleasant to go on discoursing about -the pictures in VAri^ a paper which IS so full of good. Stitched. Maurand. (M. M. examples of antique and modern sculpture. 4 vols. trustworthy news about art. with the native style of all French pens." The . facsimiles. and just criticisms. and a series of superbly executed etchings by the best living etchers.— — — 33 THE NEW FRENCH ART JOURNAL. OPINIONS OF THE PRESS." in %* — so m . iVorld (London). this grand folio volume of Z. lavish in illustrations. . executed expressly for this work being principally from the more noticeable pictures exhibited in the Salons Forming of Europe. . with nearly 200 woodcuts. . 500 pp.) Handsomely printed on heavy toned paper. uncut edges. with a series of very remarkable copies of the famous tapestries at Madrid.00. $40. . numbered. uncut edges. with every sign of assured and increasing vigor. L'Art."— TA^ Nation. one hundred copies.00. not one before another/ In brief. London Times. thoughtful and often profoundly suggestive. and ordinary print on Holland paper. alone would be really most valuable and acceptable to the print-collector. uncut. folio.." The Christian Unio?t. sober. and dramatists. besides numerous httle facsimiles of sketches. . rich and racy. " America is so destitute of illustrated works which can at all compare with A rt that she cannot do better than study and enjoy this French publication. "Nowhere but in Pans could such a Review be produced every week as VAri. It has now been brought to the fourth year of its Hfe. While L'Art is conducted in this style tlie editor may feel quite secure that France will not lose that artistic supremacy she has long held. that something more substantial than the succes cPestime has rewarded the experiment of such a cosdy venture. Price. . . .^ the reading matter of the Review were as ephemeral and trivial in its purpose •IS the cheapest of the cheap instead of being.) of about four volumes a year. and illustrated with several hundred engravings on wood from drawings and pictures by celebrated cotemporary artists. so many sided in its view of art.'^r^ abounds m matters of interest to all readers and students of aisthetic and cultivated taste. typography. red morocco (Jansen style). objects of Art Industry in all branches. and with critical and explanatory text-of singular merit . Eugene V^ron et Tardieu. the most famous of modern art journals. as well as smgularly fine examples of woodl engraving. fi-om the report of the editor to the subscribers. at any rate. gilt tops. $125.. r6dacteurs. so magnificent every respect. and autograph letters of eminent artists. ."— Saturday Revieiu. foHo. from the designs of Albrecht Diirer and Van l^yck. $32. by Edmond Yon. etc. Royal foHo (i7J^ X 12 in. and above all. Artist proof on Japan paper. and designs not otherwise to be obtained by most ^eofla. each. . lUustrde. or letters to art. . from pictures by Frans Hals and Nicholas Maas.00. _" The new volume oiVArt sufficiently manifests the success of a very valuable and interesting publication. The etchings in two states. B. $60. V^ion seems. It is simply the cheapest and the best thing of its kind. K.

suitable OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. and lish "Of the Portfolio the second etchings from the finest paintings are given." worth the price of the volume. becomes a complete magazine of the science of art. Illustrated with Etchings. who has given some noble specimens of his skill. illustrations in the Portfolio. far ahead in this way of any*' thing of the class heretofore issued in England. and unalloyed delight. may still be had on sold separately. and is in every way a thoroughly has the same finish in execution in the minutest details of artistic production. " To the Chronicle. edited by PHILIP GILBERT Hamerton. technical. very free from narrowness and professional or national prejudice. V. *' We look for the Portfolio as for the only serial published. " From the " Of first it has stood nearly alone as really an artistic periodical. $14. and in execution they are little short of perfect at any rate they exhibit this kind of work in the highest degree of perfection to which it has attained. Y.* An hour spent over the one of refreshment. and his art theories and criticisms are proportionately more catholic and valuable." paper and print. the work is enriched with some of the the examples. The editor is probably better acquainted with continental artists and their work than most of the insular fellows. Facsimiles. encouragement. and the best articles from the highest authorities. so that the monthly paper itself. that not only is it ike first periodical in ike Englanguage devoted to Jitte-art. especially in the reproduction of " The Laughing Portrait of Rembrandt. and Leopold Flameng." Spectator. for 1870." A *' The Portfolio is very charming. gilt leaves. superior to mere letter-press." N. and in these respects the Portfolio " fairly rivals its great contemporary." Portfolio finest is Guardian. ' *' The chief intention of * The Portfolio is to supply to its subscribers. The subjects in all cases are chosen for their worth and rarity. as it should be.in blue cloth. and more readable than pure criticism or cata loguing. It one of the noblest fine-art periodicals ever issued. but that zt leads all otkers by a very great distaftce. "We warmly commend it to the notice of all who would cultivate in themselves and their femilies an appreciation of the beautiful in nature and art. at a lower cost than would be possible without the certain sale df a regular periodical circulation. graceful. application. '73i '74> '75. An Art periodical far superior to anything which has hitherto ' appeared. and so know the feelings. Their effect is striking. free from the prejudices of nations and schools. is a work of permanent value. but are artists by profession. aims. that it is in a way cosmopoUtan. Daily Times. The Portfolio. and personal.— — 34 — — — — — The Portfolio: An Artistic Periodical. and technicalities of artists." Athefueum. historical. whatever and third of such publications may be taken to be. interesting. etc. Heliogravures. Lalanne^ Rajon. '76. ivkile it ivill prove a source q/ exquisite pleasure to those -^vko kave already a icLste for ilie beautiful" —N. Engravings. the Parisian " Gazette des Beaux-Arts. perhaps. and . .00 each. . altogether it is to be said. cuts. WoodPub- lished monthly. Works of Art of various kinds. The illustrations are largely of sylvan scenery. it is such examples as are to be had here. " Mr. and '80. to on receipt any part of the United States^ of the Subscription price. but always such as are likely to interest a cultivated public and to accompany them -with literature by writers of proved abiUty. of that '* artist. as a collection of able essays. '71. . and has the advantage of being written by men who are not only familiar with the literature of art and the works of artists." Back volumes '79. artistic subjects generally. There are numerous single for framing. It is the glory of the Portfolio ila7iiic Monthly." in his particular province as a reviver of the works Legros. Autotypes. and always first in a spirit of intelligence and refinement" Cambridge ''JT. anything is likely to bring its merits before the public. with letter-press descriptions. IVe mould regard tke introduction of such a journal into the family as a good educator." Among the artists who have furnished original etchings are Bracquemond. Etchings the merits are unquestionable indeed. The literary part is generally worthy of praise for being scholarly. instead ofbeing a magazine of current gossip about artists and their doings. Observer. apart firom its excellent illustrations. '78. critical. '72. Hamerton's Portfolio is easily chief among English art periodicals. Any volume Price. Subscription reduced to Ten DOLLARS per annum. in which works of art of a certain Etching is not as popular. but if kind and of peculiar merit are to be found. ** Dealing with Graphic. portfolio is unanimously accorded the place as an artistic periodical. #*^ Sent^ Postage free. an illustration of what is taught.




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