THAI AGRICULTURAL STANDARD TAS 7415-2008

GOOD AQUACULTURE PRACTICES FOR DISEASE FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERY

National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives ICS 65.020.99 ISBN 978-974-403-558-5

th Published in the Royal Gazette Vol. dated 18 August B.UNOFFICAL TRANSLATION THAI AGRICULTURAL STANDARD TAS 7415-2008 GOOD AQUACULTURE PRACTICES FOR DISEASE FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERY National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives 50 Phaholyothin Road.125 Special Section 139D.acfs.go. 2551 (2008) .E. Ladyao. Bangkok 10900 Telephone (662) 561 2277 www. Chatuchak.

Jumroensri Puangkaew (alternate) Representative of the Bureau of Disease Control and Veterianry Services. 5. Chulalongkorn University Asst. 10. 7. Department of Fisheries Mrs. 9. Laddawalaya Ratananakorn Mrs. Suda Tandavanitj Representative of the Coastal Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute. Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit Representative of the Faculty of Science. Yupa Laojindapun Representative of the Inland Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute. Supranee Chinabut. Mahidol University Ms. Representative of the Thai Chamber of Commerce . Kasetsart University Assoc. Chulalongkorn University Asst.Ad hoc Sub-Committee on the Elaboration of Standards on Aquatic Animal Health Code for Disease Free Marine Shrimp Farm 1. 6. Montira Thavornyutikarn Ms. Department of Livestock Development Mrs. Titiwat Leepaisomboon Chairperson 2. 8. 3. Kasetsart University Mr. Representative of Director General Representative of the Department of Livestock Development Mrs. Parintip Wongthai (alternate) 12. Nantarika Chansue 11. Prof. Padermsak Jarayabhand Representative of the Faculty of Fisheries. Visanu Boonyawiwat Ms. Chantanee Buranathai Representative of the Faculty of Science. Representative of the Faculty of Veterinary Science. Prof. Representative of the Faculty of Veterinary Science. Prof. Kanarat Harintharanon (alternate) Representative of the National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards Ms. Director General of the Department of Fisheries Mrs. 4. Department of Fisheries Ms.

Representative of the Office of Commodity and System Standards. Pranee Srisoomboon 14. Representative of the Office of Commodity and System Standards. Premsak Wanuchsoontorn 15. Mintra Lukkana Secretary Assistant Secretary . Pongsak nitatkanjananon Mrs. Representative of the Thai Food Processors’ Association Mrs. National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity Mr. Banjong Nisapawanit Mr. Panisuan Jamnarnwej Mr. Experts Mr. National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity Ms.13. Puth Songsaengjinda Mr. A-nootra boonnat Mr. Pitak Chaisom 16.

4. The establishment of this standard is based on the information of the following documents: Studies of disease free farm management and marine shrimp hatchery management by the Office of Agricultural and Food Commodity Standards in cooperation with the Department of Fisheries. such as outbreaks of white spot disease. especially the problem on diseases. These diseases have caused considerable losses to shrimp farmers. Remark: The standard title has been revised from “Thai Agricultural Commodity and Food Standard (TACFS)” to “Thai Agricultural Standard (TAS)” in accordance with the enforcement of The Agricultural Standards Act B. 2551 (2008) . 2007. Chapter 1. France.: Zoning and Compartmentalisation. Aquatic Animal Health Code.E.4. but the shrimp farming industry is still beset with several problems. yellowhead disease. and more importantly importing countries have used them as conditions to set up trade barriers. Paris.(3) Shrimp industry has brought about tens of billions of baht into the country each year. The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives deems it necessary to notify this Thai Agricultural Standard on Good Aquaculture Practices for disease free marine shrimp hatchery as guidelines to prevention of disease and to certification on shrimp hatcheries. of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). and Taura syndrome (TS).

2551 (2008) endorsed the Thai Agricultural Commodity and Food Standard entitled Good aquaculture practices for disease free marine shrimp hatchery.E. the details of which are attached herewith.E. the Notification on Thai Agricultural Commodity and Food Standard entitled Good aquaculture practices for disease free marine shrimp hatchery is hereby issued as voluntary standard.2551 (2008).NOTIFICATION OF THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY AND FOOD STANDARDS SUBJECT: THAI AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY AND FOOD STANDARD: GOOD AQUACULTURE PRACTICES FOR DISEASE FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERY B. This standard would be of benefits for quality improvement.2551 (2008) Mr. Somsak Brisananuntakul Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives Chairperson of the National Committee on Agriculture Commodity and Food Standards .E. Notified on 14 August B. facilitating trade and protecting consumers.E.2551 (2008) ___________________________________________________________________________ The resolution of the 1/2551 session of the National Committee on Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards dated 11 August B. By virtue of the Cabinet Resolution on Appointment and Authorization of the National committee on Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards dated 5 August B.

2.6 natural food means living animals or plants.TAS 7415-2008 THAI AGRICULTURAL STANDARD GOOD AQUACULTURE PRATICES FOR DISEASE FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERY 1. and data recording systems to obtain the desired outputs of disease-free marine shrimp larvae. natural food culturing area. 2. imported or raised for breeding purposes. hatch and raise larval marine shrimp. health care for disease-free marine shrimp. DEFINITIONS The terms used in this Thai Agricultural Standard shall have the following definitions: 2. 2. 2. water storage facility. general management practices.1 larva means larvae marine shrimp that have hatched and will undergo metamorphosis to the nauplius. covering production principles. 2. 2. shrimp larvae nursery tanks. and effluent water treatment system.3 broodstock marine shrimp means marine shrimp of sexually mature that were caught or collected from the wild.2 post larva means larval marine shrimp that have grown in the hatchery from the mysis stage to the stage where their bodies are the same as adult shrimp. . spawn tanks. 2. loading area. selection of locations. effluent water management. feeding.2 disease-free marine shrimp means marine shrimp that are free of the diseases stipulated in Appendix A.4 marine shrimp larvae means all larval staged and post larval marine shrimp. zoea and mysis stages. selection of disease-free broodstock shrimp.1 marine shrimp means shrimp of the genera Penaeus. water preparation pond.5 disease-free marine shrimp hatchery means a place used to breed.4. water pumping station. that have not been processed and can be used to feed shrimp.7 pelleted feed means instant pre-mixed aquatic animal feed as defined under the 1982 Animal Feed Quality Control Act and the amended version of 1999. Metapenaeus and Litopenaeus. SCOPE This Thai Agricultural Standard provides good aquaculture practices for disease free marine shrimp hatcheries. quarantine area. personnel. 2.4. all of which are managed to be kept free of target diseases. including animal parts or plant parts. consisting of a production office. air blower station. 2.

The broodstock shrimp shall be disease free and their source shall be traceable.Inspect the environment. .Inspect the quarantine facilities and work steps quarantine broodstock shrimp.Inspect the utilities 4. Table 1. involved with quarantining . .Inspect documents that state the measures used to prevent target diseases from entering the hatchery .Inspect the training records.All personnel shall be knowledgeable about disease-free marine shrimp hatchery operations. 3. . The cleanliness and hygiene of the equipments and work steps that hatchery shall be maintained. test the water quality . General management .Inspect the disease surveillance reports .There shall be measures to control personnel and outsiders from bringing diseases into the disease-free marine shrimp hatchery. . there shall be steps to keep the shrimp larvae affect the disease-free operation healthy. and quarantine certificates .Surveillance data shall show that the hatchery has remained free of the target disease for at least two years.The water shall come from a nonpolluting source.Inspect the handbook .Inspect documents related to the spread of target diseases.The owner shall own the legal rights to the hatchery location. production and post-production steps that affect the disease-free operation . observe personnel at work and interview them 2. Production principles Requirements . the pre-production. Selection of location .TAS 7415-2008 3.Inspect the location. REQUIREMENT AND INSPECTIONS 2 The requirements and inspection for good aquaculture practices for disease-free marine shrimp hatcheries shall be as in Table 1. if there is risk of pollution.Record operations at the disease-free marine shrimp hatchery . . Selection of disease-free broodstock marine shrimp 5. there shall be steps to control of the hatchery .A handbook shall be written for the disease-free marine shrimp hatchery. documents showing the source of the broodstock shrimp.A quarantine system shall be used to . Inspections . .Inspect the deed or ownership rights to the location .Targeted surveillance shall be implemented to control and monitor against specific diseases in the hatchery following the Department of Fisheries guidelines. Personnel . .The location shall have basic utilities. Criteria and Assessment Methods Items 1.Inspect the results from disease tests.

documents on marine shrimp health checks. water quality. Data record Effluent water shall be released or disposed of as required by laws. 7. perform analysis tests in cases of suspicion Inspect documents related to the release or disposal of effluent water Inspect the data Items 6. .It is prohibited to use antibiotics or chemicals that are prohibited for aquaculture by laws. Marine shrimp health management .Inspect the hatchery’s daily records. Effluent water management 9.The hatchery shall check the health of the marine shrimp during rearing and before sale.Inspect for possession or use of prohibited antibiotics or chemicals. and methods used when abnormalities are discovered . . inspect the food storage area. Feed management Requirements . and inspect the place where chemicals and materials are stored .3 TAS 7415-2008 Inspections of the hatchery . certifications of factors of production (if any). RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISEASE-FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERIES The recommended good practices for disease-free marine shrimp hatcheries are intended as guidelines for marine shrimp hatchery operators. 4.The hatchery shall use appropriate food management to prevent negative effects on the health of broodstock and marine shrimp larvae and to prevent negative effects on the quality and safety of the shrimp feed. . The hatchery shall record data on steps in the production process and keep the data for at least two years.Feed for broodstock marine shrimp or marine shrimp larvae shall be free of the target diseases.Inspect feeding records. The target diseases are specified in Annex A and details of the good practices are explained in Annex B. 8.Inspect documents certifying that natural food is free from target diseases .

1 white spot disease means a marine shrimp disease caused by white spot syndrome virus or WSSV. The disease can be fatal. The disease can be fatal.TAS 7415-2008 4 ANNEX A TARGET DISEASES The target diseases for this Thai Agricultural Standard on Good Aquaculture Practices for Disease Free Marine Shrimp Hatchery are as follows: A. The clinical signs are usually white spots or rings under the exoskeleton on the carapace (cephalothorax).. จัดรูปแบบ: แบบอักษร: 8 พ. A. Sometimes the abdomen is also red. แบบอักษรภาษาไทยและภาษา อื่นๆ: 8 พ. advanced stages are black markings of ambiguous shape on the shell. abdomen (body) and base of the tail.3 Taura syndrome (TS) means a marine shrimp disease caused by Taura syndrome virus or TSV.2 yellowhead disease means a marine shrimp disease caused by yellowhead virus or YHV. A. The clinical signs are usually yellow color in the cephalothorax because the gill. . If the shrimp do not die quickly. The clinical signs are usually dark red markings of ambiguous shape on the exoskeleton on the tail and appendages. hepatopancreas turn pale and yellow. and acute.

B.2. and it shall not be in a protected mangrove forest area. where the local government has given permission to use the area for a marine shrimp hatchery business.1.2.. . B.2 SELECTION OF LOCATION B.1. The surveillance system monitors specifically for the target diseases or infections. จัดรูปแบบ: แบบอักษร: 8 พ.2 The hatchery shall have sufficient infrastructure and utilities such as electricity. They need to have a basic understanding of the production principles so that they can put into practices on good aquaculture for disease-free marine shrimp hatcheries.2. แบบอักษรภาษาไทยและภาษา อื่นๆ: 8 พ. marine shrimp larvae and feed.2 The hatchery shall have documents showing the steps for disease control operations and a system for targeted surveillance following the Department of Fisheries’ guidelines. If it is necessary to use water of this nature. B. B.1 The hatchery owner(s) shall be able to show evidences that he/they have a legal right to the location and are using it properly according to the laws.3 The water shall come from a source that is not at risk of pollution and the water quality shall be suitable for raising shrimp. B. the hatchery shall obtain evidence to clearly prove that the effluent water has been properly treated and can be used for raising shrimp.1 The hatchery shall provide a handbook showing every step in the process for raising disease-free marine shrimp B.3 Records shall be kept from the targeted surveillance system to prove that the hatchery has been free from the target diseases for at least two years. The hatchery shall be located in area that is permitted by laws. and transportation convenient for movement of broodstock marine shrimp. tap water. It cannot contain effluent water from an enterprise that causes contamination of any substance that could harm the health of aquatic animals. The recommended practices are as follows: B.5 TAS 7415-2008 ANNEX B GOOD AQUACULTURE PRACTICES GUIDELINES FOR DISEASE-FREE MARINE SHRIMP HATCHERIES The following good aquaculture practices guidelines for disease-free marine shrimp hatcheries are intended to promote the marine shrimp industry and make it free from the target diseases so that aquaculturalists whose hatcheries are registered with the responsible agency can follow good practices to run disease-free marine shrimp hatcheries and can obtain certification.1 PRODUCTION PRINCIPLES Production principles are stipulated as the basis for overall production because in order to prevent diseases it is essential that aquaculturalists follow a standardized shrimp raising system.1.

4. shipping invoice or sales receipt. (3) Quarantine certificate showing the quarantine details and length of time in quarantine. date of certification. equipment and area sterilization methods.3. and testing of water quality. including cleaning methods. and data on the imported animals. .1. and not allowing any personnel or outsider who has been in an area where a marine shrimp disease is known to be present or in an aquatic animal disease lab to enter the hatchery for at least three days after the contact.1 The hatchery shall have a map and diagrams showing the location of the hatchery.1 The hatchery shall have good knowledge of the source of broodstock marine shrimp and shall choose healthy ones.2 The hatchery shall have an efficient quarantine system.3 PERSONNEL 6 B.3 The hatchery shall have measures to control personnel and outsiders from bringing diseases into the hatchery.1 All personnel shall be knowledgeable about disease-free marine shrimp hatchery operations.4.3.4 SELECTION OF DISEASE-FREE BROODSTOCK MARINE SHRIMP B. the hatchery shall have the following documents: (1) A document stating the source.1.5 GENERAL MANAGEMENT B.TAS 7415-2008 B. B. B.5. such as not allowing anyone who has been in contact with another hatchery to enter the hatchery for at least one day after visiting the outside hatchery.1 In the case of imported broodstock marine shrimp the hatchery shall have the following documents: (1) Import permit telling the details. sterilizing the broodstock marine shrimp before introducing them to the quarantine area by immersing them in an iodine solution (50-100 mg/l) for ten minutes.4.4. B. the floor plan and the location of the equipments for safety caution and ease of inspection. effluent water management and disposal. standard operation on basic health checks on marine shrimp. such as bill of sale. (2) Aquatic animal health certificate attesting that the animals were tested for the target diseases by a laboratory that is approved by a government agency and the tests showed negative for the diseases. (2) Aquatic animal health certificate attesting that the animals were tested for the target diseases by a laboratory that is approved by a government agency and the tests showed negative for the diseases.1 In the case of broodstock shrimp that were caught or collected in the wild or from a local breeder. then putting the broodstock marine shrimp in a quarantine tank filled with 8-10 liters of water with 30-50ml of iodine solution added.3. For example. B. B. B. B.2 All personnel shall have good personal hygiene and shall not have communicable diseases or infected sores that could cause infections at the hatchery.

B.8 Effective sanitation management shall be used to prevent infection and spread of diseases.3 The hatchery buildings and facilities shall be laid out in an organized manner and shall be kept clean and orderly at all times. B. which will dirty the tank.6 Suitable stocking density shall be maintained in the marine shrimp larvae nurseries. B.2.5. The shrimp raising ponds or tanks shall be cleaned and left empty for at least seven days after each batch of shrimp is removed to reduce the risk of disease.5. B.11 Pets or other animals that could be carriers of the target diseases shall not be allowed on the premises of the hatchery.10 Rubbish and effluent water shall be disposed of in a hygienic manner.5.12 The capture. .5.2 The natural feed used for feeding broodstock marine shrimp shall be of high quality and free from disease. B.6.7 TAS 7415-2008 B.5.5 Suitable stocking density shall be maintained in raising broodstock marine shrimp. the shrimp larvae will be weak and more susceptible to disease. B.5.5. especially natural foods that could carry the target diseases. adjustment and transport of marine shrimp larvae shall be planned and carried out appropriately so that the marine shrimp larvae are healthy and a movement document shall be filled out for each shipment. there shall be disinfection points at the entrances to the hatchery buildings and a system to sterilize the effluent water before it is released. B. the nursery tanks. The amount of feed shall be sufficient but not in excess. B.5. If the population density is too high. Germs can accumulate in tanks that are used successively with no rest period. B.4 The water used at the hatchery shall be clean and free of the target diseases. and the quarantine tanks shall be in enclosed buildings with only one entrance/exit for better control and prevention of infection. such as 150-200 shrimp larvae per square meter for white shrimp and 75-100 shrimp larvae per square meter for black tiger shrimp.6. such as six to eight shrimp per square meter for white shrimp and no more than five shrimp per square meter for black tiger shrimp. B.7 The personnels and equipments for each building shall be separated and proper sterilization techniques shall be employed to prevent infection. B.1 Feed for broodstock marine shrimp may be composed of natural foods (such as sand worm. and shellfish) and pelleted feed. B.5.6 FEED MANAGEMENT B. squid.9 The bathrooms shall be separated from the marine shrimp raising areas. Samples of the feed shall be taken to test for disease and the feed shall be certified as disease-free. such as sand worm.5.2 The tanks for keeping broodstock marine shrimp. For example.

7 The area where the animal feed is stored shall be separated.5 Any additional production factors used to promote shrimp larvae health shall be registered with the responsible agency and shall be used according to directions. B. B.7 MARINE SHRIMP HEALTH MANAGEMENT B. the marine shrimp larvae produced shall be tested for the target diseases using the methods stipulated in the Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals and a certificate shall be provided by a laboratory that is approved by a government agency certifying that the animals are free of the target diseases B. B. The amount of feed shall be sufficient but not in excess. . observing behaviors of swimming or eating of shrimp.6.6 Chemicals or substances that are prohibited for use in aquaculture under the 1982 Animal Feed Quality Control Act and the amended version of 1999 shall not be used. dry.7. B. such as being thoroughly boiled. The product shall have an animal feed registration number. In the case of infection.1 The environment and water quality shall be maintained in such a way that is suitable for marine shrimp.6.5 Dead or diseased broodstock marine shrimp or marine shrimp larvae shall be disposed of properly. and from the hatchery to the outside.7. For example. The disease prevention steps in the hatchery.6. If any problems are found. and to clean the tanks and equipments. for instances.3 The hatchery shall be prepared and shall have measures to effectively control. The type and amount of feed shall be adjusted as necessary for each stage of the larvae’s growth.7. the hatchery shall notify the responsible agency immediately and inform nearby farmers. the hatchery owner shall analyze and diagnose the problem. to temporarily shut down production. Measures shall be taken to prevent potential disease carriers such as birds.7. such as Artemia.3 Two types of feeds can be used for rearing marine shrimp larvae: 1) Natural feed shall be prepared with disease-free water and tested for the target diseases. buried. or incinerated.6. especially for natural feed that could carry the target diseases. prevent and eradicate the target diseases in the case of an outbreak.7. B.8 Marine shrimp feed that is contained in bags or sacks shall be placed on top of a rack with proper ventilation to prevent excess moisture build up. B. rats or other animals from getting into the feed storage areas. to sterilize the hatchery.2 Before sale.6. equipments and personnel cannot be moved from the hatchery to another location. shall be written down.TAS 7415-2008 8 B. The hatchery shall have a regular schedule for periodically checking the health of shrimp and the water quality by random samples. 2) Pelleted feed shall be of good quality and appropriate size for the larvae at each stage. the steps shall include measures to close the hatchery. B.4 The hatchery shall have a suitable plan for feeding the shrimp larvae at each stage. B.4 If an outbreak of a target disease occurs.6. clean and kept at an appropriate temperature so that the feed will not deteriorate. B.

7.2 The data shall be kept for at least two years. B.8 EFFLUENT WATER MANAGEMENT B.9.9 TAS 7415-2008 B. B. water quality. results of random health tests and any problems that occur.9 DATA RECORD B. the source of feed. and the use of permitted antibiotics or chemicals. .2 The hatchery shall request permission from the Harbor Authority according to the Harbor Authority Notification Number 67/2534 on Permission to Release All Types of Effluent Water into Waterways. such as the source of broodstock marine shrimp.8.6 Hatcheries are prohibited from using any antibiotics or chemicals that are prohibited by laws for use in aquaculture.1 The hatchery shall take samples of its effluent water and test it to see if it meets the required standards set by the Ministerial Regulation of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on Standards to Control Effluent Water Disposal from Coastal Aquaculture Farms before the water is released or drained off.1 The hatchery shall record important data from every step of the production processes. B.9.8. the method of feeding. B.

TAS 7415-2008 10 ANNEX C UNITS OF MEASUREMENT The units and symbols used in this standard and the accepted units under the International System of Units or Systeme International d’Unites (SI) are as follows: Item weight area volume concentration Units gram square meter milliliter liter milligrams per liter Symbols g m2 ml l mg/l .