1. Cortical drift is a growth process involving: a) Deposition of bone. b) Resorption of bone. c) Deposition and resorption. d) Bone bending.

e) Apposition of bone. 2. Frontal cephalogram is used to: a) Assess facial symmetry. b) Overjet. c) Dental compensation in sagital plane. d) Deep bite. e) Open bite.
3. The most common sequence of eruption of permanent dentition in lower arch

is: a) b) c) d) e) 6-1-2-3-4-5-7. 6-1-2-4-3-5-7. 6-1-2-5-4-3-7. 6-1-3-2-4-5-7. 6-2-3-4-5-1-7.

4. Extraction is mandatory in the treatment of crowding if crowding is: a) Less than 4mm. b) More than 4mm and less than 9mm. c) More than 10mm. d) More than 4mm but O/J more than 6mm. e) More than 4mm with negative O/J. 5. Decompenstaion is done as part of: a) Convetntional orthodontics. b) Pre-surgical orthodontics. c) Camouflage treatment. d) Surgical camouflage. e) Interceptive orthodontics. 6. leeway space is: a) More in maxilla than in mandible. b) More in mandible than in maxilla. c) Equal in both. d) Non of above.
7. Among the primary teeth , the most commonly congenitally absent missing

teeth is: a) b) c) d)

Maxillary centaral incisor. Mandibular central incoisor. Maxillary lateral incisor. Mandibular lateral incisor.

The lower face appear at birth: a) Prognathic. 9. b) Retrognathic. c) Straight.8. d) Non of above. The major growth site of mandible is in the: a) Coronoid process. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 c a a c b b b b b . b) Condyle. c) Lateral aspect of body of mandible. d) Gonial angle.

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