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The Next Generation of Air Conditioning Systems


With its unique technology, Daikins VRV Air Conditioning Systems meet virtually every customers needs for small to large buildings, whether new or existing.

T a b l e o f C O N T E N T S

INTRODUCTION Who is Daikin? The history of VRV systems W H AT I S ?

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THE INTELLIGENT AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM P R O D U C T E X P L A N AT I O N Possible indoor units using R-410A Possible outdoor units using R-410A Main Features A Creating maximum comfort B Energy efficient solution C High reliability D Eco friendly E Easy and flexible design F Simple and rapid installation PRODUCT FEATURES OUTDOOR UNITS USING R-410A Survey outdoor units technology cooling only heat pump heat recovery Accessories P R O D U C T F E AT U R E S I N D O O R U N I T S U S I N G R - 4 1 0 A Survey indoor units FXZQ 4-way blow ceiling mounted cassette (600mm x 600mm) FXFQ 4-way blow ceiling mounted cassette FXCQ 2-way blow ceiling mounted cassette FXKQ ceiling mounted corner cassette FXDQ concealed ceiling unit (small) FXDQ-N slim concealed ceiling unit FXSQ concealed ceiling unit FXMQ concealed ceiling unit (large) FXHQ ceiling suspended unit FXAQ wall mounted unit FXLQ floor standing unit FXNQ concealed floor standing unit P R O D U C T F E AT U R E S C O N T R O L S Y S T E M S Survey control systems Individual control systems Centralised control systems Wide variety of control systems

p 10 p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p 12 14 15 16 16 18 20 22 23 26 30 31 32 35 36 38 40

p 42 p 43 p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 64 66 67 68 70 71 72 73 74 74 75


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Introduction Who is Daikin ?

Daikin has more than 70 years experience in manufacturing advanced, high quality equipment air conditioning for residential, commercial and industrial applications.

The Japanese mother company Daikin Industries Ltd. is actively engaged in research into a wide spectrum of science and disciplines, from mechanics and electronics to chemicals and fluorocarbons.

Since its formation in 1972, Daikin Europe has evolved from a component assembly plant into the most advanced air conditioning manufacturing complex in Europe. All European standards regarding production, health and safety are met in full. The environment Daikins unique position as a manufacturer of both fluoro carbon refrigerants and air conditioning and refrigeration equipment has not surprisingly led to its close involvement in environmental issues. Once ozone depletion in the stratosphere became attributable to chloro fluoro carbon refrigerant chemicals (CFCs), Daikin took the decision to cease both their production and that of the products that use them. At the same time, Daikin joined leading world manufacturers in the research into safe and environmentally friendly alternatives. The Environment Protection Agency of the U.S.A afforded recognition of these efforts in June 2002 by presenting Daikin with its prestigious trophy for the protection of the environment. Daikin intends to become a leader in the provision of environmentally friendly products. This challenge demands the eco-design and development of a comprehensive product range and an energy management system that addresses energy conservation, reduction in waste and the control of hazardous substances etc.


ISO14001 ISO14001 assures an effective environmental management system in order to help protect human health and the environment from the potential impact of our activities, products and services and to assist in maintaining and improving the quality of the environment. The European affiliate companies have plans to achieve ISO 14001 by the year 2005, thereby contributing to Daikins target of global status as a leading environment conscious company. Economic benefits will surely follow the efforts and investments needed to be a sustainable and socially responsible enterprise. ISO9001 Daikin Europe N.V. is approved by LRQA for its Quality Management System in accordance with the ISO9001 standard. ISO9001 pertains to quality assurance regarding design, development, manufacturing as well as to services related to the product. CE Daikin units comply with the European regulations that guarantee the safety of the product. Distribution network Daikin maintains close contact with its markets through a highly professional network of local distributors. Perceived as an extension of the companys quality chain, all distributors are carefully trained in order to maintain high quality sales, installation and after sales service to their customers. Quality The application of advanced technologies, combined with careful selection of bought in components and extensive in house testing and field trial procedures ensures unrivalled product quality. Training The Daikin training centre in Ostend is unique and the most advanced of its kind in Europe. Both hands on and theoretical instruction are provided into all aspects of the companys air conditioning equipment and systems and specially conceived courses are available to suit distributors and their approved dealers from all over Europe.


The History of Systems

1987 The original VRV air conditioning system developed by Daikin in 1982 is introduced into Europe in Standard format. The system is able to supply conditioned air from up to 4 indoor units connected to a single outdoor unit. 1990 The end of the year sees the launch of the new Inverter system with the facility to operate up to 8 indoor units from a single outdoor unit. Inverter capacity control greatly increases system flexibility and efficiency. 1991 A further step forward is taken in 1991 with the introduction of the Heat Recovery system, offering simultaneous cooling and heating from different indoor units on the same refrigeration circuit. 1992 Continuous improvements to energy efficiency and system flexibility lead to the development of the advanced in which fresh air supply (HRV) and computerised management (DACMS) are integrated with the VRV. 1994 Consistent high quality and efficiency lead to the widespread acceptance of the VRV concept and Daikin becomes the first Japanese air conditioning manufacturer to be awarded the ISO9001 certification. But the search for improved flexibility and energy efficiency does not stop there. Unrivalled field experience and close regard for market requirements enables Daikin to apply yet another quantum leap to VRV technology - the Inverter-H series, operating up to 16 indoor units from just 1 outdoor unit ! 1998 In anticipation of phase out dates for all CFC based equipment, Daikin Europe steps up the production of VRV air conditioning units using ozone friendly refrigerant. Daikin Europe celebrates its 25th anniversary with the award of an ISO14001 environmental certificate and the introduction of Inverter K series with R-407C, in cooling only or heat pump format. As many as 16 indoor units can be connected to 1 single outdoor unit.


1999 The series using R-22 has been designed around leading edge technologies to accommodate high capacity air conditioning networks of up to 30 indoor units from a single refrigerant circuit. Another step forward has been taken with the launch of the heat recovery series using R-407C and connecting up to 16 indoor units to 1 single outdoor unit. 2000 Because of the growing needs of large-capacity systems Daikin Europe introduces the series using ozone friendly refrigerant, in heat pump format. Up to 32 indoor units can be connected to a single refrigerant circuit. 2001 The latest addition to the VRV Plus series is the heat recovery series using R-407C. Up to 32 indoor units can be connected to a single refrigerant circuit. 2002 Daikin launches the new series an environmental friendly, energy saving series with high COP levels and flexible design characteristics. 2003 Daikin Europe has achieved a quantum leap forward in commercial air conditioning technology by the introduction of its ,the worlds first R-410A operated variable refrigerant flow system. Available in cooling only, heat pump and heat recovery versions, the new system, which represents a considerable advance over earlier VRV systems, demonstrates Daikins innovative application of new technology and the latest HFC refrigerants to its VRV product programmes. Many new features and installation benefits are incorporated in . Its operating range for example 5hp, then 8hp to 48hp in 2hp increment steps (22 system combinations), is wider than any of its contemporaries. Furthermore, its ability to run no less than 40 indoor units in heat recovery as well as heat pump format cannot at present be matched by other comparable systems.


W h a t

i s ?

In recent years, design styles for intelligent buildings such as hotels, banks and offices etc. have increasingly featured large areas of glazing with attendant high solar heat gains that can only be dissipated by means of air conditioning. Not surprisingly therefore, air conditioning has grown in importance and is now widely accepted as an integral component of most modern architectural concepts. The increasing use of electronic office equipment raises thermal loadings still further to a point whereby, even in winter, internal temperatures can reach uncomfortable levels. The demand for cooling or heating can also vary considerably through-out the day depending on the number and occupation of personnel on the premises. But end users have come to expect far more than just cooling and heating from their air conditioning.

The ideal modern system must be energy efficient, easy to install, flexible, reliable and user friendly. Fresh air must be supplied without increasing energy consumption and the role of central management facilities should also be considered in this respect for medium to large sized buildings. The Daikin Hi-VRV system meets all these demands.





The innovative Hi-VRV selection programme, Daikins flag ship software package, enables you to exploit the systems possibilities to the max and guarantees the end user a perfect service. From now on you can fully plan your Daikin air-conditioning project on a step-by-step basis without difficulty.


Heat Recovery Ventilation heat and humidity are exchanged between supply and exhaust air, which brings outdoor air close to indoor air conditions recovers energy loss realises considerable reduction of air conditioning capacity

The Intelligent Air Conditioning System



Variable Refrigerant Volume available in cooling only, heat pump and heat recovery formats. a rapid response system in which up to 40 indoor units can operate on the same refrigerant circuit. an inverter driven compressor enables the output of the outdoor unit to be modulated in accordance with the cooling/heating demand of the zone which it controls.


Allows detailed and easy monitoring and operation of VRV systems (maximum 64 control groups).

The ideal solution for control and management of maximum 1,024 VRV indoor units.

LONWORKS networks compatible gateway.

Integrated control system connecting VRV system with BMS system.



P r o d u c t E X P L A N A T I O N

DAIKIN CARES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT Consideration for the evironment in which we live and work, is afforded very high priority by Daikin. The companys unique position as the worlds only manufacturer of both air conditioning equipment and refrigerant chemicals enables it to offer the perfect symbiosis of high technology and environmental protection. Daikin has actively engaged in intensive research into ozone friendly refrigerants, resulting in the development of innovative techniques for energy efficient systems that reduce CO2 emissions and limit global warming.

INVERTER COOLING ONLY For cooling operation from one system Up to 16 indoor units can be operated from a single outdoor unit without the need for an additional adapter PCB. The line-up of 5, 8, 10hp models is ideally suited to applications in smaller facilities and minor expansions and upgrades.

INVERTER HEAT PUMP For either cooling or heating operation from one system Up to 40 indoor units can be operated from a single outdoor unit without the need for an additional adapter PCB. An extensive capacity range starting at 5hp, then from 8hp to 48hp in 2hp increments, meets all customer requirements concerning small to large buildings, whether new or existing

HEAT RECOVERY For simultaneous cooling and heating operation from one system Up to 40 indoor units can be operated from a single outdoor unit in heat recovery format. Extensive capacity range from 8hp to 48hp in 2hp increments, meets all customer requirements concerning small to large buildings, whether new or existing. Heat recovery is achieved by diverting exhaust heat from indoor units in cooling mode to areas requiring heating. The BS unit switches the system between cooling and heating modes.




Possible Indoor Units Using R-410A

20 25 32 40 50 63 80 100 125 200 250


4-way blow ceiling mounted cassette (600mm x 600mm)

$ $$$$

4-way blow ceiling mounted cassette

$ $ $ $ $ $$ $ $


2-way blow ceiling mounted cassette

$ $ $ $ $ $$


Ceiling mounted corner cassette


Concealed ceiling unit (small)

Slim concealed ceiling unit


Concealed ceiling unit

$ $$$$$

Concealed ceiling unit (large)

$ $ $ $ $ $$ $ $

Ceiling suspended unit

$ $ $$ $ $ $$

Wall mounted unit

Floor standing unit

$ $$$$$

Concealed floor standing unit

$ $$$$$

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$ $$$$$

cooling only heat pump heat recovery

Possible Outdoor Units Using R-410A

N of outdoors N of compressors N of connectable indoors Maximum Minimum capacity capacity index* index* Capacity steps




1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

1 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9

8 13 16 19 20 20 20 20 22 32 32 32 32 32 34 36 38 40 40 40 40 40

63 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600

163 260 325 390 455 520 585 650 715 780 845 910 975 1,040 1,105 1,170 1,235 1,300 1,365 1,430 1,495 1,560

20 29 29 29 35 35 41 41 41 46 46 46 51 51 56 56 56 61 61 61 68 68

INDOOR UNIT CAPACITY INDEX Model Capacity index eg. Selected indoor units: Connection ratio: possible outdoor unit 20 20 25 25 32 31.5 40 40 50 50 63 62.5 80 80 100 100 125 125 200 200 250 250

FXCQ25 + FXFQ100 + FXMQ200 + FXSQ40 25 + 100 + 200 + 40 = 365 RXYQ12M

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M a i n F E A T U R E S
A. Creating Maximum Comfort
1 Inverter technology
The linear VRV system makes use of a variable Proportional Integral (PI) control system which uses refrigerant pressure sensors to give added control over inverter and ON/OFF control compressors in order to abbreviate control steps into smaller units to provide precise control in both small and larger areas. This in turn enables individual control of up to 40 indoor units of different capacity and type at a ratio of 50~130 % in comparison with outdoor units capacity. 5 HP outdoor units use inverter control compressors only.

100% Compressor Capacity Control 210Hz-52Hz 20 Steps Inverter Control 24% Large Load

5HP outdoor unit


8,10,12HP outdoor unit

100% Compressor Capacity Control

14,16HP outdoor unit

100% Compressor Capacity Control 210Hz-52Hz + No.2 + No.3 Compressor 35 Steps Inverter Control 210-52Hz - 20 steps
N1 Compr. Inv. Control N2 Compressor 100% Operation

N1 Compressor Inverter Control

210Hz-52Hz + No.2 Compressor 29 Steps

N1 Compr. Inv. Control N3 Compressor 100% Operation

14% Large

N1 Compressor Inverter Control

N2 Compressor 100% Operation

10% Load Small Large Load Small



N1 Compr. Inv. Control

N2 Compressor 100% Operation

Cooling VRV SERIES (DAIKIN PID Controls) ON/OFF controlled air conditioner (2.5HP) Suction air temp.

2 Smart control brings comfort

An electronic expansion valve, using PID control, continuously adjusts the refrigerant volume in respond to load variations of the indoor units. The VRV system thus maintains comfortable room temperatures at a virtually constant level, without the temperature variations typical of conventional ON/OFF control systems.

Time Note: the graph shows the data, measured in a test room assuming actual heating load.

The thermostat can control stable room temperature at 0.5C from set point.

Keeps temperature stable

Slow start-up Smaller temperature difference Large temperature difference Startup time reduced by about 1/3

Set point

Non inverter AC

e Rep
Inverter AC

co and hot ats

ld cy


3 Less frequent start/stop cycle

the technique adopted by Daikin, of regulating the capacity using multiple compressors clearly results in minimum switching losses and power surges because of the overlap in capacity and frequency since Daikin utilises small 5HP inverter compressors, the influence of harmonics is less than that generated by a single large compressor the use of multiple compressors by Daikin also ensures a 50 % standby facility smaller compressors are cheaper and faster to replace


60% 50% 55%



116 30+on 116+on Frequency



First in the industry First in the industry

B. Energy Efficient Solution

1 Low running costs
VRV systems have low running costs because it permits each zone to be controlled individually. That is, only those rooms that require air conditioning will be heated or cooled, while the system can be shut down completely in rooms where no air conditioning is required. VRV units have the highest COP/EER in the market in the most common operating area

2 Most advanced reluctance brushless

DC compressor technology The scroll compressor is driven by the newly developed motor, enabling better performance, higher enery efficiency resulting in higher energy cost savings.

3 HRV - Heat Recovery Ventilation System

Heat and humidity are exchanged between supply and exhaust air, which - brings outdoor air close to indoor air conditions - recovers energy loss - realises considerable reduction of air conditioning capacity The VAM heat exchanger modulates the humidity and temperature of incoming fresh air to match indoor conditions. The balance achieved between indoor and outdoor ambients, enables the cooling/heating load placed on the air conditioning system to be reduced. (heat and humidity are exchanged) Most energy saving solution as smaller indoor units can be selected : - size down of indoor units down to 40 % - payback total VAM system : 2.5 years*
*conditions : outside cooling conditions : 30C / outside heating conditions : - 8C inside cooling conditions : 24C / inside heating conditions : 22C ventilation per room : 150m3/h

Ideal modular concept to cope with the fresh air requirements

4 Auto restart capability

Even after exceptionally long power failures, the built-in auto restart capability ensures automatic system start up. Since the preset memory is not erased by interruptions in power supply, no programme resetting is necessary.
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5 Low operation sound level

Continuous research by Daikin into reducing operation sound levels has resulted in the development of a purpose designed inverter scroll compressor and fan. The new grille and fan offer low noise, high volume airflow and are housed in a compact casing together with the associated compressor components. The use of this new technology assembly enables a 16hp unit to be housed in a single casing.

Aero spiral fan: Bending the fan blade edge reduces turbulence, resulting in less pressure loss Aero fitting grille: New shape promotes spiral discharge airflow, resulting in reduced pressure loss Night quiet function (max. -8dBA) During night time, sound level of the outdoor unit can be reduced for a certain period : starting time and ending time can be input Daikin indoor units have very low sound operation levels, down to 25 dBA.


Capability % 100

50 Load % 0 58 Operation sound dBA 50 8:00 12:00 16:00 20:00 0:00

Night mode Max. - 8dBA(10HP)

Night mode ends 8:00


Night mode starts

Notes : This function is available in setting at site. The relationship of outdoor temperature (load) and time shown in the graph is just an example.

external signal input to outdoor PCB

dB(A) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Perceived loudness Treshold of hearing Extremely soft Very soft Moderately loud Very loud Extremely loud Threshold of feeling

Sound Rustling leaves Quiet room Normal conversation City traffic noise Symphonic orchestra Jet taking off

Daikin indoor units

6 Operation range
of outdoor temperature
50 40 30 20 10 -5 -10 -15 -20

First in the industry

Standard operation down to -20C outdoor ambient temperature Advanced PI control of the outdoor unit enables VRV II heat recovery and Inverter cooling only/heat pump series to operate at outdoor ambients down to -5C in cooling mode and down to -20C in heating mode.

Cooling 43CDB

50 40 30 20 10 -5 -10 -15 -20

Cooling 43CDB

Heating 15.5CWB

Cooling & Heating 15.5CWB

Heating 15.5CWB






Inverter cooling only/ heat pump

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Heat recovery

contents of 1 cycle (7 days): 24 hours salt spray test SS DIN 50021 96 hours humidity cycle test KFW DIN 50017 48 hours room temperature & room humidity testing period : 5 cycles
8 6 4 2 0 1

C. High Reliability
1 N1 anti-corrosion treatment
Special anti corrosion treatment of the heat exchanger provides 5 to 6 times greater resistance against acid rain and salt corrosion. The provision of rust proof steel sheet on the underside of the unit gives additional protection.
Improvement in corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance rating Salt corrosion Acid rain Non-treated 1 1 Anti-corrosion treated 5 to 6 5 to 6

An anti-corrosion heat exchanger cutaway view Hydrophilic film Aluminium Heat exchanger Corrosion-resistant Acrylic resin

Performed tests : 1 VDA Wechseltest

Corrosion resistance Bare aluminium DAIKIN P.E.

3 Cycle

2 Kesternich test (SO2) contents of 1 cycle (48 hours) according to DIN50018 (0.21) testing period : 40 cycles
10 9 8 Corrosion resistance 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 DAIKIN P.E. 1 2 3 4 5 Cycle 6 10 20 30 40 Bare aluminium



2 Double back-up function

In the event of a compressor malfunction, the remotely controlled or field set back-up function in the outdoor unit in question (and also between different outdoor units) will allow emergency operation of another compressor in order to maintain 8 hour maximum interim capacity

3 Duty cycling
The cyclical start-up sequence of multiple outdoor unit systems equalises compressor duty and extends operating life.

4 Special oil equalising technology

The incorporation of this technology ensures that the optimum quantity of oil is contained in each outdoor unit module in order to maintain compressor reliability. Automatic checks are carried out every 6 minutes on the number of compressors in operation and also to ascertain that there is enough oil to keep them running. In the event of a shortage being indicated, oil can be piped from other outdoor units in the system via the oil balancing pipe linking multiple systems. Each compressor in a VRV II outdoor unit is equipped with an internal oil equalising circuit, comprising an oil separator and oil return circuit. This ensures that the maximum quantity of oil is returned to the compressor case before entering the REFNET piping network. The oil equalising circuit of each outdoor unit is linked to those of the other outdoor units, allowing additional reliability and oil circulation during partial load operations.

5 No standby equipment required

Conventional VAV (Variable Air Volume) systems and chiller/fan coil systems require expensive and bulky standby units in case of breakdown. Since most outdoor units of the VRV system comprise a number of independent compressors, the system as a whole will continue to function in the event of a unit breakdown.



on ucti Red .5% 0 of 2
16 HP

D. Eco Friendly
1 Lowest refrigerant amount in
the total system
18 HP Total refrigerant amount in the system*
* based on average installation

Comparable VRF system 100% 160 %

2 Dramatic reduction in initial

refrigerant charge :
R-22 VRV-K series 100 % R-407C VRV-K series 85.6 % R-410A series 79.5 %

Refrigerant charge

3 Optimised R-410A design

Daikin Europe has achieved a quantum leap forward in commercial air conditioning technology by the introduction of its VRV II, the worlds first R-410A operated variable refrigerant flow system. Available in cooling only, heat pump and heat recovery versions, the new system, which represents a considerable advance over earlier VRV systems, demonstrates Daikins innovative application of new technology and the latest HFC refrigerants to its VRV product programmes.

4 Less waste and improved re-cycling

The lead free, soldered PCB obviates environmental contamination, whilst the re-cyclable galbarium steel bottom plate is designed to last around 6 times longer than the traditional galvanised base.

5 Refrigerant recovery function

The refrigerant recovery function enables all expansion valves to be opened. In this way the refrigerant can be drained from the piping system and stored in the receiver and the condenser.



1 Total room layout

flexibility VRV II systems are easily adaptable to changes in room layout : extra indoor units can be added to a VRV outdoor unit up to a capacity level of 130%. Also, since VRV II heat recovery systems offer simultaneous cooling and heating, existing indoor and outdoor units can continue to provide year round air conditioning from their existing locations, even if office layouts are altered or extended.

Meeting room Office

E. Easy and Flexible Design

Meeting room Meeting room Reception room Stock room



Office Meeting room

2 Complete flexibility
The VRV II system enables different floors or even rooms to be rented to different customers, because each room has independent control of its air conditioning. Thanks to inverter technology, as many as 40 indoor units with different types and capacities can be installed in one system. This system automatically and effectively controls each unit to provide individual rooms of different sizes with a comfortable working or living environment.

3 Year round cooling and/or heating

Designed to provide simultaneous year round cooling and/or heating, VRV II heat recovery systems are modular in concept and are therefore, ideal for use in rooms or zones that generate varying thermal loads according to building orientation or local hot or cold spots. It is possible for the same meeting room to give rise to differing thermal loads depending on the time of day, number of occupants present, location and usage pattern of lighting and electronic office equipment. Until the advent of the VRV, a complex 4-pipe fan coil was needed to meet this requirement. The VRV however, is easier to design and install and in its heat recovery format, can conserve energy in two or more rooms at the same time.

4 Efficient use of space

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The VRV II system allows you to use the available space more efficiently. Instead of having to incorporate a machine room in to your building plans, you can use this space for other purposes, such as a garage.

e in th First stry indu
Actual piping length *1 Level difference between indoor and outdoor units

E. Easy and Flexible Design

5 Longest refrigerant piping run
The ability to sustain refrigerant piping in lengths up to 150m (175m equivalent), allows systems to be designed with level differences of 50m between indoor and outdoor units and 15m between individual indoor units. Thus, even with installations in 15 storey buildings, all outdoor units can be located at rooftop level.

ing l pip ctua 150 m A th leng

Level difference between indoor units piping length between first branch and furthest indoor units

ing t pip alen 75 m iv Equ gth 1 len

*1 in this case the outdoor unit is located above the indoor unit. If the outdoor unit is located underneath the indoor unit the level difference is a maximum of 40m.

6 Short planning and design time

In conventional water systems, the size of the pipes and all auxiliary equipment must be calculated in accordance with the water flow rate. However, using a Daikin VRV system, with innovative compressor technology, time-consuming calculations are not necessary, offering considerable reductions in design time.