Sri Lankan Education policy after Independence

Sri Lanka Inherits of written civilization evidences over 2000 years. The remaining of ancient ruins and arts reveals that cultural development under Buddhist environment and the great reservoirs and canal system which exist the agro-economical mode. In this time education was associated with Buddhist temples. Texts were written on Ola leafs and stored in libraries in Temples. After 1505, under Portuguese the education system was in hands of the missionaries who established missionary schools with the sole intention of propagating Roman Catholic religion. In Dutch season, they increased number of schools and took the management of schools to Government. In British ruling time, dual system of schools were started. During this period government assisted English medium schools. In 1869, the Department of Public instruction was established to manage the government schools. In all these three times, only rich persons could obtain benefits of Education because governments charged a price for education. In 1931, Dr. C.W.W.Kannangara was appointed as the chairperson of the executive committee of Education under Donoughmore commission. In 1939, he could bring an act for a National system of education as act no: 31. Under that act, Democratization of Education & establishment of central schools were implemented. Obviously this was the beginning point of free Education. In 1942,the first university in Sri Lanka was established as “University of Ceylon” under guidance of Dr. C.W.W.Kannangara. In 1948, Sri Lanka gained independence. Free education policy was really implemented in 1948 after independence. Government needed to spread education all over country. Free education & central schools could give a giant contribution at there. Education was become as a valuable thing in rural areas. As another benefit of government, mid- day meal project was implemented in 1950. This was affected on literacy improvement directly & indirectly. Still government saw lack of participation to education. Because of that, as a further encouragement, the scholarship program was started in 1952 for the benefit of talented students from poor families. By that students could get totally free education and students keened to improve their talents as a result of this decision. In this time season western & European countries were being facing to the industrial revolution after 2nd world war. At this time Sri Lankan Government determined the value of the industrial field and tried to spread industrial knowledge in here. As a result of that, in 1960, Established Curriculum Development Centers to develop curricula to suite the future needs of the country. Building construction, electrical, electronic, household product, welding, agricultural, weaving etc.…. Fields were trained in these centers. The majority of State assisted privately managed schools were taken over by the Government in 1962, with a view to rationalizing the school system.

Ordinary Level (O/L) and Advanced Level (A/L) exams were replaced by National Certificate of General Education (NCGE) and Higher National Certificate of General Education (HNCGE) exams respectively. In 1980. curriculum development. The National Institute of Education was established. educational administrative staff and the provision of postgraduate education were expected to be done by this institute. Ceylon Railway. Government began to offer uniforms to students. One of them is age limit for school admission was raised to 6 years. Under that concept. campuses. universities.1987 year was another important year in secondary education side. In 1993. “National school” concept was implemented in this year.In Early 1970’s. student and educationists. Government has increased number of universities and number of students for universities also. etc…. colleagues are established in the country. Colleges of Education were established to provide pre-service education for new recruits to the teaching profession in order to establish an all graduate teaching profession. Decentralization of education administration was started in 1993 by creating Divisional Educational Offices. Although. In 1991 The National Education Commission was established to advice the government on an overall Policy covering all aspects of Education in the country. Free Mid-day meal concept re-started in 1989. the schooling period was reduced from 12 to 11 years. Sri Lankan Educational system is at good level. Government implemented free provision of school text books. All the students can get better education and can connect with the world by that. Additionally.. In 1981. there were some changes in Sri Lankan Education also. Vocational Training Authority (VTA). Students can get technical knowledge at here to degree level and obtain a degree from University of Vocational Training (UNIVOTEC). National schools introduced with better facilities for better education.. In 1987. Number of . this wasn’t a successful. replacing the existing system with 9 years of general education and 2 years of higher secondary education. The free mid-day meal method which. Because of these reasons facilities of universities are gained. School clusters were formed for better management of schools and to improve utilization of resources. By today. Private sector also established and establishing Universities and campuses. by collecting information through interviews from the general public. Both Government & private sectors are involved in educational field & numbers of institutes. Basically. Sri Lankan Educational policy also consider about early school leavers. increased number of classes from 11 to 12 again & reestablished Ordinary Level & Advanced Level exam. technical colleagues like German Sri Lanka. Furthermore. the free mid-day meal concept was abrogated by the government. As an initial step The Commission conducted an in depth study on various aspects of education. training of teachers. others who cannot enter to university education and introduced training centers for them also. In 1996. implemented in 1950 was suspended. Educational researches. This was a big achievement of Sri Lankan Education.

Primary education handles a main role in education.Local and foreign scholarships are increased and get the ability to learn. Sri Lanka at a better place in Information technology side. especially under circumstances where jobs are not easily available. to do studies in abroad. because of stresses that the child has to undergo both in the home environment. Guidance is necessary in selection of subjects and course streams and finding appropriate job placements. Government has established IT centers for increase IT knowledge of students. allow foreign students can to their studies in Sri Lanka. school and in the community. New subjects are introduced to education Information technology. Management by updating with world. to become a point of Education under “miracle of Asia” concept. new knowledge. However. this is a very important aspect. Students can get extra knowledge extra-curricular knowledge at different institutes. Children get both educational & practical knowledge here. the General Education system does not provides Counseling and Career Guidance at present. With the association of government & private sector Semi Government institutes are also established. . In addition. expect to have better teachers for better education. by now. According government plan. By that they expect establishment branches of world class Universities in Sri Lanka & make Sri Lanka as an important point in Education. Under Educational policy. As a result of that. guidance in relation to personal problems is also necessary. As a foundation of students.curricular activities. competitions are done for mental development and the physical development of children. preschools are established all over the country and Government has given their contribution for training qualified teachers for pre-schools. National science fund. Extra. National Educational institute give good guidance to teachers about new trends.

Senanayake support of the Community. the defense pact with the United Kingdom. However. with the focus of the first millennium drew the relationship between the second half of the rise of India and Sri Lanka to the south Engaged in the politics of South India and Sri Lanka. highlights of which were in Sri Lanka to select members of the Commonwealth and the Prime Minister D. Main reason was the geographical situation of Sri Lanka which is a combination of three vital geopolitical dimensions: its contiguity to the Indian subcontinent from where successive waves of civilizations have emanated. After two centuries of continued threats by clever bilateralism. which led to the collapse of the empire. and its situation astride the sea lanes linking East and West which has made it the true meeting ground between East and West.SRI LANKAN FOREIGN POLICY AFTER INDEPENDENCE Sri Lanka inherits very giant history in foreign affairs. Foreign policy post-independence Sri Lanka could be divided into several phases. when freed from Anuradhapura. Pandya and Vijayanagar Empire in the set to be a threat to India. the north of Sri Lanka. but to explore other relationships and contacts.S. its equidistant position between East Asia and East Africa which has enabled it to bestride that region. Another indication of the importance attributed to foreign policy was the first Minister of Foreign Affairs portfolio. India. This is why the defense pact with the United Kingdom. This second phase was the beginning of a turn from the West. According to evidences. Sri Lanka. not in a spirit of antagonism. Anuradhapura to the Chola Empire from the time finally succumbed. This phase ended more or less with the death of Prime Minister D. even before 2000 years. the beginning Map of Colombo Sri Lanka and the role in the San Francisco Conference for Peace in 1951 in accordance with the decisions of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo conference of 1950. Sri Lanka rubber rice pact with China was a revolutionary event at that time. Senanayake and gives way to what may be called on the regional scene. foreign policy has become an issue of paramount importance for the delicate geopolitical position of the island in the context of the crisis in the region at that time.The first can be described as the phase of the Commonwealth. Because of Sri Lanka Link with India. Prime . The search for an Asian identity had already begun. but with a South Indian empire. It was the first manifest in Purana Quila in 1947.S. initially continued. With independence in 1948. a former colonial power. Sri Lanka at a higher place in the world.

Another monumental achievement was the Sirima-Shasthri pact. In his first administration. The meeting of the Colombo Powers had a series of surprising that it features the historic Bandung Conference in 1955 which resulted in the Afro-Asianism and later paved the way for the Non-Aligned movement. which is a long-standing dispute with India over the status of Sri Lankan workers planting of Indian origin settled. He pulled the UK Defense Pact and entertained notions of leaving the Commonwealth. Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike. played an important role in the development of the NonAligned Movement.Minister Sir John Kotelawala followed by the meeting of the Colombo powers was an important step in the search for an Asian identity. one of the highlights was the minisummit in December 1962 when. the first woman Prime Minister. but because he had a vision of universality that foreign policy appropriate for Sri Lanka. the policy of non-alignment fully unfolded. He shared with Jawaharlal Nehru by the belief that a dynamic policy of neutralism. Bandaranaike recognition as a figure of international stature. This was the proposed Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace. on its own initiative. resolution of the dispute with India on Kachchativu island in the Palk Strait and the Colombo Summit of the Non-Aligned Countries in September 1976 when the Prime Minister and the Sri Lanka became the center of attention worldwide and the Prime Minister Mrs. She earned high praise for those of all stakeholders. In line with its own personality. not as an expression of hostility toward the West. is considered a sharp break with the past. foreign policy Sir John Kotelawala was strong and vibrant. the Third World can play a mediating role in resolving international conflicts by the United Nations to play. Phase of non-alignment really blossomed again during his second term. where he lives as a potential Asian Switzerland. It was symbolized by his visit to many countries to create a favorable image of Sri Lanka to the project and dispel ignorance. . but he certainly had an impact on the Geneva Conference on Indo . after the government five years of Prime Minister Dudley Senanayake. The next phase which is associated with Prime Minister SWRD Bandaranaike. who was educated at Oxford University. has established a world order where even small countries like Sri Lanka could help in solving international problems and peace and harmony in a world war Cold controversial created. In the next phase of Sri Lanka after independence diplomatic history. 1971. one of the largest Asian thinkers on foreign policy. they have a meeting of six heads of state to solve Sin-Indian border conflict.China 1954. Prime Minister Bandaranaike. This meeting did not go beyond an exchange of views and ideas. Its policy is a manifestation of universality in its establishment of diplomatic missions in the Communist world as an expression of diplomacy open heart.

which has changed the outlook and prospects of the nation. educational sides . Sri Lanka is building new relationships and make strong past relationships in cultural. The foreign policy of Sri Lanka has a new policy under new government. However. during the period 1991-1993. Sri Lanka by giving a new dignity and a new image in the comity of nations. free and progressive foreign forward. We will actively intervene in this area. I will be a foreign service who have a good knowledge of our history. In the “Mahinda Chintana” policy of the Government of President Rajapaksa said that I am a non-aligned policy.The next phase. there was a serious setback in relations with India and aggravation caused by the mismanagement of the ethnic question that a heavy burden on foreign policy. trade and cultural relations cordial and friendly we have with the countries of Asia. The foreign policy is now at a better level under new government. economic needs and cultural heritage. Sri Lanka became president of SAARC generally considered to have given the organization renewed vigor and dynamism. declarations concerning the establishment of the fight against corruption. These policies were strengthened after the inauguration of President Mahinda Rajapaksa in 2005. The assumption of the office of President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga in 1994 has seen a radical change in foreign relations of Sri Lanka. It is my belief that the United Nations and international financial institutions must be democratic in their approach. . saw the continuation of these problems with increased attention from the international community to the human rights situation in Sri Lanka. This will allow us under international law to act against those found guilty of corruption. It is my strong intention to international treaties. economic. The period 1989-1993 under the leadership of President Ranasinghe Premadasa. On the other hand. However. under the chairmanship Jayewardene cannot be characterized by a unique feature because it is multidimensional and a mixture of different elements such as links with the Commonwealth. economic. including India. political. when those involved in foreign trade or foreign institutions. China and Pakistan. the striking feature was the adoption of the open economy. Japan. military. Priority will be given in the political. the launch of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) belief in the United Nations and the pursuit of disarmament as seen in its proposal for a World Disarmament Authority.

If they lose their own lands government has afforded lands for cultivation. and since 2010. Homagama. can reveal many projects done in post-war time. In post war season. Government and non-governmental organizations have done and still doing giant infrastructure projects to develop to enhance living position of people in those areas. Displaced persons who were detained for about six months are allowed freedom of movement and many have been allowed to return to their place of origin. In agricultural side. I. Government and private sectors initialize projects to resettle refugee people. Establishing new schools.T. Kerawalapitiya. Arugambe. Uma Oya. Upper Kothmale. farmers are encouraged to re-cultivate in their own lands. Bentota. welfare. Government has also given a valuable place to Transport system. trips.T. Bridges at Kinniya. Dehiwala. Pallekele can be trot out. Officially began on July 23. By that government expect to bring their economical and society level up. an independent Tamil state fought named Tamil Eelam in creating the north and east of the island. training centers. By now. named as the most powerful and most fierce terrorist organization in the world. 1983. As few examples. more people travel between both off north and south boundaries and many of the travel restrictions are eased. If consider about infrastructure side. Sri Lanka achieved some huge achievement in infrastructure. entertaining festivals. Government provide basic needs and offer bursaries to that students as an encouragement and to enhance theory and practical knowledge in students for make knowledgeable work for better Sri Lanka. Education in war area and entire country is being achieved many victories. The checkpoint is no longer feared Medawachiya.T.T. cannels at Ramboda. Northern and North-east Provinces were at a rough position because of thirty years war. L. Beruwala. Irakkandi.DEVELOPING SRI LANKA AFTER 30 YEARS WAR ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES AHEAD The civil war in Sri Lanka was struggling for 30 years. Under that concept all roads are being developed rapidly. Government introduced five areas which can be developed and make plans to be a Developed country in those areas. In this period as a country. private sector universities are being established. L. Ports at Hambanthota. Many young people locked up in centers of "rehabilitation" were released and allowed to return to their families and communities. Trinco.E. economical sides. Home industrial training centers. After a 26 year campaign by the Sri Lankan army defeated the Tamil Tigers in May 2009 and that was the end of 30 years civil war in Sri Lanka.E. There was an intermittent rebellion against the Sri Lankan government by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) or in other words Tamil tigers which. International grounds at Sooriyawewa. centers. power stations/power plants like Norochchole. a militant separatist organization. 3 years have been passed after war victory. Death certificates . After the war.T. who lost their properties because of war and to improve their mental level by organizing sport events. air bridges at Nugegoda. did many cruel distortions against Sri Lanka. Southern express way.

There is no fixed amount and accuracy of official government officials and politicians of different numbers at different times.E suspected people. friends.T. war attacks. at least one person has been disappeared. o Detention of alleged L. Because of above and more reasons rest of foreign terrorist members try to pretend a dangerous situation in Sri Lanka. hospitals. people whose houses were razed to the ground due to no fault of their own have not been provided houses by the GOSL. Most of them have not received adequate assistance and struggle to live productively. After the end of the war.T. The government claimed 1000 were in “rehabilitation” centers as of 17th Oct. healthcare.E has foreign members also. all over the area. injured or died persons in their families. However. The few houses that have been provided have been built through people’s own efforts and with support of their relatives. 2011 out of 11. Still there are some persons who haven’t got basic needs such as homes.T. 876 persons are held in administrative detention at the Boossa rehabilitation camp. foreign governments. No information would still be holding period and heard many cases where prisoners were held for over ten years without being convicted. Government should make plans and bring solutions for those refugee people.E in war side Although. Some schools are still occupied by military and some are still closed. So.T. and private groups.T. Some schools damaged in the war are still not repaired and it is common to see classes conducted in open air. hindrances. In these areas. .T. In addition to some 280. Few schools. People in these area are suffering from some major problems such as.000.951 that were on “rehabilitation” – voluntarily & based on court orders. o Disappeared. Sri Lanka could defeat L. L. illegal involvements. transport facilities. They rebel and accuse against Sri Lanka and expect the support of other countries as trade barriers. and some main roads and bridges are built and glamorous ceremonies to open government and military officials. They expect involvement of other countries by force and restart a war situation in Sri Lanka. livelihoods.were issued to some of the dead during the war. o Problems in Shelter. with some finding it difficult to even continue medical treatment. These are some challenges to Sri Lankan Government. plus a further 994 that had been transferred from custody of the Terrorist Investigation Department to “rehabilitation” centers.000 internally displaced persons have been arrested and detained a number of centers in the "rehabilitation" is considered to be 12. military has been provided with housing that appears of much better quality than the housing displaced persons are compelled to live. educational. injured or died. According to the government.

post war achievements. As Sri Lankans . Always must give priority to give something good to country. . In this developing era. northern east people to development process. all has to dedicate to give fully contribution to country development and keep country peace for a better future. future challenges and terrorist conspirators who try to avert country peace. as civilians we have to work hard and give our maximum contribution to development processes. Government has to implement suitable foreign policy and aware other countries about post war achievements. financial aids for achieve better economic development.To fight against these challenges. Need to implement foreign policy with transparency and make them to believe that Sri Lanka can be trust. Government has a responsibility to involve northern. first we’ll have to work according to a timeframe. Have to help to industries and encourage home industries by giving loans.

this spin-off was quite capable of . if the country can at a time. with a decline in economic activity. This affects on banks and financial institutes in bad way. However. It's basically when a recession happens and the crisis is that the economy is not coping and business isn't coping. this was started in year 2007 in Europe. and delays on stock markets around the world. This affect on trades directly and industries go to dangerous area financially. This then puts business in a bad situation because the demand for goods and services are down and people are saving their money instead of spending it. In today world as I said before all the things depend on crude oil. Then Industries fails to pay back credits to banks and burrow from banks. price of barrel of crude oil is being increased rapidly. Of course the only way that a direct impact on the world situation does not affect us would immediately. By today. According to scientists crude oil source will be enough for about 4 decades.GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRYSIS AND IT’S IMPACT ON SRI LANKA. which produce crude oil. Year 2008 is named as the worst world economic crisis year. Even BOI companies with foreign investments are in the direction of reducing operations and manage retrenching employees. of course. Due to ethnical and civil wars in OPEC countries. Of course. That’s how a global economic crisis is begun. but still out of their towers could produce a significant effect. began an already difficult economic environment like ours do not hide from the effects of chaos in the global financial markets. the global recession and contribution to the 20082012 crisis European sovereign debt. entire world trade depends on crude oil. to rescue banks by national governments. and get ready to take donations from them. there is no chance of survival for a small economy such as ours. The global crisis occurs when people aren't buying enough goods and services. decreased consumer wealth in trillions of U. The crisis has played an important role in the failure of large companies. prices of all goods get increase. This is a reason to increase price of fuel. Sri Lanka even before the global economic Crisis than other countries because Sri Lanka is negotiating with other countries. The 2007-2012 global economic crises. to feel in the developed world to the warmth of the global crisis on their doorstep. Then buyers can buy limited items. leading to evictions. tumbling. It led to the collapse of major financial institutions. In many parts of the real estate market also suffered. and. seizures and prolonged unemployment. Because of that. Recently. dollars estimated. At a time when the world into a sea of recession and financial crisis.S. Because of these wars. Hundreds of private companies in a number of areas were closed and employees are facing challenges they never thought could be reality. which is also a global financial crisis and the financial crisis of 2008 is known to be by many economists as the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Then. by artificially keeping import of local currency at a lower cost is not at all to compensate for the losses in the economy is suffering from reduced export earnings. banks.S. Lack of investments and foreign money affect on Sri Lankan Economy.devastating a diminutive economy like ours completely. Tea. Over a million expatriate workers spread around the world. The GSP + concession to the garment exporters is extended by a couple of years. all trades get reduced. service and production in the U. The rhythm of the financial crisis is engulfing the world in full bloom and the credit crunch biting on the world markets in the style to the fragile economies such as ours. If the global financial crisis has hit on the head was burning our economy already in turmoil. we reached the edge of falling world market prices and demand in our major export products. This economic crisis directly affects on foreign employees also. investment companies. Because of global economy. However. We know foreign money is the 2nd highest income way of Sri Lanka. and military over all other nations. outside of the uncertainties in the labor market. political supremacy. Tourism has become a serious loss in operation. garments. market crashed in ruins lie. trade. So. foreign investments are reduced which invested in major industries and some companies at a dangerous situation to be closed. a sigh of relief to this industry. where all the confusion in the movement. Needless to say. insurance companies and other asset management. which rigorously intensify our economic plight. So we do not boast of sufficient assets abroad. Finance. adding foreign exchanges on . This source of foreign exchange from our country faces a risk of slamming the brakes on worker remittances as a result of the global financial crisis. Asia & Australia face to economic crisis also. precious stones and a number of other products have to lose the embarrassment faced the demand on the international market thus experiencing slump in demand and prices. mainly in the Middle East to increasing amounts of dollars to pay to inject strength into our ailing economy. Central bank of Sri Lanka added foreign investments to market to keep Sri Lankan currency (Sri Lankan rupee) at a fixed level. Then Central Bank of Sri Lanka stopped investing. the recovery of world trade and the industry is at least a couple of years. In addition. the situation has deteriorated considerably. Many other countries in Europe. magnitude of foreign investment reduced rapidly. with the additional effect of local currency held synthesis. cinnamon. The issue of greatest concern is how long we can survive the situation? Are to be high in all the efforts of world powers. if not the problems discussed in the proper perspective at the right time. So. intellectual. no chance to do it alone. rubber. Strongest economy in the world with ubiquitous assets and gigantic martial command is accompanied by economic. coconut.

To overcome this problem at least scarcely. Especially. then implement procurements by ourselves. First make plans which include what we can produce here cheaply compared to import from other countries. we can’t isolate. extortion. irrepressible. This was a reason to decrease value of rupee compared other currencies. the waste of public funds by politicians and officials. corruption. Because of above reason. This adds more force to be improved global economic crisis effects on our country. As a country. a high inflation. must increase amount of Foreign exchanges as soon. bribery. Peaceful surround of country after war and other infrastructure facilities can be utilized as reasons to invest here. prices of all goods/ products are increased rapidly. Effects on global economic crisis can be minimized by keeping money inside our country. government has to win faith of foreign investors. nepotism.market. have to improve exports and reduce imports. we have a duty to buy local items and encourage local industries. terrorism. the things made even worse for our country. Sri Lanka has to implement better economic plans as soon. fraud. By now Sri Lanka hasn’t amount of foreign exchanges. exchange rates. . cronyism. Sri Lanka Has also got an extension for GSP+ concession and need to keep that active further to save exports of Sri Lanka. attitude problems are just some of the factors. To that Government should encourage local industries by helping them financially and other ways. War. as an Island. Because of that. the high cost of energy. As customers. If we have items to produce in our country. For that. inefficiency.

) English has many genres as American English. Latin English. With the Globalization concept. Educational. If we have good English knowledge. etc………. English etc…. Sinhala language was become as the 1st language. English is a bridge. united states of America. nations in Cultural. magazines. English language has been spread even in some village areas. Because of that. Ola leafs. trade. English was a valuable jewelry by that time. British English. Buddhist temples involved writing and storing books. At the beginning English education was limited for rich persons. Government and private sector implemented some projects to distribute English knowledge to students in rural areas. As one project.. English is the International Language of the world. Spanish English. can get foreign loans. English is so important language because. They pioneered to establish English medium schools in Sri Lanka. value of English is getting higher today. With the government change in 1956. all foreign relationships are done by English medium. For all above and more tasks English is the one and only way to implement those. speaking. English is the easiest way to communicate with world because all countries know and utilize English language. Majority has understood the value of English. At the beginning. which connect two countries or nations together. Some countries use English as their mother tongue like United Kingdom (England. Because of that Remodeling English education is compulsory task by now. all the world is connected as a village. As an Island we cannot isolate from world. Sinhala and some other languages were used as languages. For fulfill that spread English to villages is necessary. Pali. Meanwhile Buddhist temples also gave a great contribution to improve our Local language knowledge. World is being developed by today. By today we can see good improvement of English education and majority of students try to learn English as a subject. In course period students are trained to how to . Since that day. For that purpose. Majority of new inventions. political side in our day today life. Education system was based on Regional centers. we can work together with other cultures and share our cultural values as well. economic.Remodeling Sri Lankan English Education Sri Lanka inherits over 2000 year Education History. Ireland. “NENESALA” can be said. This is a free program/course both children and elders to improve their skills in English writing. interest for English language was being reduced rapidly. Wales. all the countries must be connected with each other. for better economic future. donations and latest technology from developed countries. last one was attack of England. But after foreign attacks of some other languages were added to our culture like Dutch. all the countries use English language in their day today life. etc…. books are written and published in English.. As we know. As a country. We have to depend on other countries as well. By Sri Lanka gets freedom on 4th February 1948. Among those foreign attacks. English was going far away from normal people.Because of English become as the International language. listening. Portuguese .. We have to make relationships with other countries.

both Government and private sector has implemented English teachers training programs. administration and monitoring capacity of the provincial. Transforming the School Education System as the Foundation of a Knowledge Hub Project (TSEP) will be implemented at the national level by the Ministry of Education and at the provincial level by the Provincial Ministries and Department of Education.6 million primary school students and 2. there are approximately 1. The Government of Sri Lanka and the World Bank signed a US$100 million concessional credit to Sri Lanka to enhance access and quality of primary and secondary education to provide a foundation for the knowledge–based economic and social development of the country. Establishing training centers. By understanding that. Doing English courses as full time and part time is so helpful to employers. The program will support several innovative initiatives to enhance learning out comes and improve the orientation of the education system to the economic development and social needs of the country. The TSEP will indirectly benefit school communities of about 10. For better English education skillful English teachers should be there.000 school teachers. has established English training camps in rural areas. The TSEP will directly benefit about 4 million school children. workers to enhance their English knowledge and to be fluent in English also. Additionally. the households of 4 million school children. Among the 4 million students. By today majority of nurseries do their educational works in English medium.000 principals and 3. Giving scholarships to poor children is another service done by them. English medium schools helps to learn in English medium in English surround with national values. Private sector has always done great job to improve and enhance English knowledge of Sri Lankans.500 education managers and administrators. Simultaneously. with the support of the Ministry of Local Government and Provincial Councils.4 million secondary school students. 15. It would also help assist the country to empower schools with greater managerial authority and responsibility and to develop the planning.work according to English culture also. institutes. This is directly affect on children because they get better English knowledge in their own surround with national values. English medium schools can be said as some activities they have implemented for fulfill above purpose. This is encouraging students to get better English knowledge and give that to next generation. the contractors of school infrastructure and . Ultimately issue a valuable certificate also.000 schools. Nursery education has great duty in enhancing education and practical skills. Government and private sector has developed infrastructure facilities in schools and institutes for better educational system and surround. around 215. The TSEP has three clear themes: supporting initiatives to increase opportunities for children in the age group of 6-10 years to complete primary education and for children in the age group of 11-16 to complete secondary education up to grade 11. zonal and divisional levels of the education system.

. It is a practical process to be learnt English. attitudes. English is a culture. competitions in improving and encouraging English language knowledge. habits also. They have established educational centers to teach English for children in those areas and offer scholarships for bright students among them to do their higher education in higher institutes. It’s consist language. Besides.suppliers of educational equipment. social work force with good values with better English knowledge.O also giving massive contribution also. In this process N. and the academics and researchers who will receive support for research and evaluation activities. skillful. Government has organized some events. Meanwhile adding English is as a part of your life with national values is the very valuable to make better. we must use it in our day today life practically.G. mass Medias give their contribution in enhancing curiosity in learning English. To learn English.

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