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Project Description: Tall Green Office Building: The aim of our project is to design an office building in the form of either a high rise building or a medium rise building, depending on the designer/engineer’s choice. The focus should be on the structural analysis of the building, especially in the case of high rise structures, as well as the “green” or sustainability issues that are related to an office building.
What does High Rise mean? There are a number of factors which contribute to the element of “tallness” of a building: A high rise building is not only related to height but also relates to the context in which it exists.
The proportion of the building also plays a part as, for example, some buildings which are not particularly high are slender enough to give the appearance of a tall building, whilst others are tall but their size/floor plate rules them out as being classed as a tall building.
The types of technologies used in buildings also contribute to the classification of a “tall building”.
Photos: the ones JP took History : info below Pictures: Map indicating proximity of Kalkara Map indicating Fort Ricasoli and Rinella Studios Map indicating preservation of Fort San Rocco Map indicating promenade which will link to Xghajra promenade Map indicating overall perimeter of Smart City Kalkara The village of Kalkara developed as a small fishing community around the sheltered inlet of Kalkara Creek. the aim is to create an exclusive office block of excellent quality and a high standard working environment. a high rise building is considered to be one which is higher than 11 storeys. according to MEPA regulations. The nature of the office building will be a speculative one. whilst a medium rise building is that of not more than 10 storeys. THE SITE Site plan (zoomed out) and another zoomed in showing photo positions Text: This site was chosen due to the fact that is already planned to be a state-of-the-art technology park and is already under development. residences and retail space. . For those designing a high rise structure the aim will be to portray an image of power and prestige thus attracting corporate companies of a certain caliber. In both cases of high rise and medium rise buildings to be proposed. 2. It was concluded that a high or medium rise office building would be suitable within this development due to the heights of the proposed buildings and more importantly because it will form part of a masterplan in which Smart City aims to be central hub offering a blend of work and leisure including a hotel.In the local context.
the site formerly occupied by the former Ricasoli Industrial Estate in the outskirts of Kalkara was earmarked to host the construction of a planned technology park. SmartCity Malta is committed to sustainable development that will protect its environment and provide its inhabitants with comfortable. The factories were demolished and contaminants such as asbestos and oil remedied and removed from the site. Fort St Rocco. is a fortification constructed by the British in 1872. and the construction of Fort Ricasoli at the mouth of the Grand Harbour. it forms part of the complex of shore batteries defending the coast east of the mouth of Grand Harbour. All of SmartCity Malta’s buildings adhere to stringent LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) guidelines. The fort was expanded at a later stage and fitted with three new cannons. which also left its impact on Kalkara. that stands east of the Rinella Battery . and initiated a process of development and fortification of the area which culminated with the construction of the Cottonera Lines. As part of the government's vision to breathe a new lease of life into the Grand Harbour area. These handle projects ranging from blockbuster films to low budget features. In 1979 the Ricasoli Industrial Estate had established 19 factories that were used for the production and handling of detergents. the whole country witnessed a period of high development and construction. and most especially the city of Vittoriosa (Birgu). specialists and services right on their doorstep to allow for quick decision-making and entrepreneurship. providing spectacular views of the Mediterranean. It lies just south of Valletta. and is approximately 5 km away from the international airport. the Industrial estate became a dilapidated area before it was recently decided that it would be completely redeveloped. It continued to serve as a military establishment until the 1950s. albeit to a lesser degree. a massive line of fortifications which enclosed the cities of Birgu. Bormla and Isla into the area known as Cottonera. Kalkara bore the brunt of World War II due to its close proximity to Cottonera and its Drydocks. and this newly found feeling of safety ensured that Kalkara developed as a suburb of Cottonera. Smart City Malta which will be built on the same lines of Dubai Internet City. SmartCity Malta aims to place everything businesses need in order to thrive together in one place. Partial demolition debris was utilized in Smart City Malta site office. Regeneration of Kalkara Indurstrial Estate: Smart City Malta SmartCity Malta is located on the island’s eastern coastline. commercials and music videos. Together with Fort Rinella.In 1530 the Knights of St John established their headquarters at nearby Birgu. Although not strategically important in itself. productive and healthy places for work and leisure. Smart City is also adjacent to the Mediterranean Film Studios. corsair and Turkish attacks on the Maltese Islands came to a virtual end. The green features which shall form part of project include: . Malta’s capital. Following the gaining of Independence by Malta in 1964. As the years went by. television series. Eventually. gasoline and metals. The campus environment of SmartCity Malta means that investors have a wide range of consultants.
but then modified their plans. where disposal of waste is allowed by MEPA. • Smart Travel Plan – an internal route shall be developed within the project and which shall include bus stops. A jetty has already been constructed to enable trucks to dispose waste arising from the demolition of the industrial estate to a barge.• Storm Water Management – where a system of storm water culverts will capture over 60% of the annual rainwater which will be stored in a centralized underground reservoir. a unique World War II relic. and landscaped areas open to the public. the excavated material will be reused on site as fill. the first office block. a newly constructed promenade will connect to the nearby Xghajra promenade. Ecology Preservation An EIA was carried out on the site and a number of measures implemented such as transplanting and relocating of trees. Waste Generation The preferred option of the developers is to dump this waste in an offshore dumping site. a hotel. The Heritage structures would be rehabilitated. although the first offices are already operating. SCM1 is complete and work is currently ongoing on the rest of the project which will include office space. Today. designated parking spaces for low emitting and fuel efficient vehicles and which will encourage bicycle ridership by providing storage racks and shower facilities. Energy Cost The Resources Authority deems the energy demand required for Smart City when it is fully operational to be twice that of Gozo and around 9% of the peak demand of the entire country. which would then transport the inert material to an offshore dumping site. Where possible. this high-tech project provides a clear opportunity for the exploitation of such alternative sources of energy including solar heating and street-lighting. photovoltaic energy generation and wind turbines. It is expected to be fully completed by 2021. Also. • Energy Efficient Infrastructure – which shall include an intelligent lighting system for street lighting and which will result in an annual energy saving of 64% and which shall also include the installation of solar photovoltaic powered LED lights for areas such as car parks which will result in zero CO2 emissions. proposing a shoreline protection scheme to strengthen the coastal edge and make it safe to access. catering establishments. proposing to preserve the views from the fort and incorporate a large public park in front of it. . recreational facilities. re-used and showcased within the development. According to MEPA’s Natural Heritage Panel. The developers are committed to achieve the Leader in Energy Efficiency Design (LEED) certification for such a large project. residential units. Heritage Smart City was initially criticized by a number of heritage guardians who were concerned about the obliteration of St Peter’s Battery. By this measure it is envisaged that 23 million gallons of water will be saved every year.
Affect on Neighbouring Communities There is a small community in the vicinity which will not be affected by over shadowing of the building or noise pollution. However. Implications of High Rise and SWOT Analysis 1. Strengths Sea Views Central Hub. SWOT Analysis: site plan indicating view of sea. However a high rise building is one which portrays power and aims to be seen above all buildings around it and thus to a certain extent will have a visual impact on the skyline when seen from certain high points and from extreme points in Valletta. it is not a densely populated area and thus it has been concluded that the area can take the increase of commuters to the newly developed site 2. Also. The Skyline: show photos The fact that the whole area is being developed and the high rise tower will not be a standalone tower will reduce the effect on the Maltese skyline. 3. A foreign example of this kind of approach is found in the “Shard” in London were very few or close to no parking spaces at all are available as there is an underground station just next to it. This mode of transport should be encouraged and is a very sustainable approach. however it is not exactly adjacent to the site but around a kilometer away and thus the two contrasting types of architecture. Traffic Issue The regeneration of the area where Smart City will be situated will obviously generate an increase in traffic as currently there is nothing attracting people to that part of the island except the residential village of Kalkara. especially for workers who are Maltese residents.. However the distant views they currently have may now be blocked due to the high rise city. Ease of Access and Transportation This central hub was planned whilst keeping in mind that an efficient transport infrastructure will be in full operation on the Maltese Islands and thus public transport.acting as whole with a number of other amenities within the development Ease of access for traffic Pedestrian pathways provided Service roads provided Orientation-not over shadowing buildings already present behind the proposed buildings Weaknesses . will be the most common form of transport. 3. One may argue that there is Fort Ricasoli in the vicinity. 4. the site faces open sea so is not seen from opposite except when out at sea.
which gives freedom for design Buildings may be allowed to build a larger number of floors Will create a central hub for new businesses Area available will be developed for a mixed use development Must conform to certain standards provided Threats Exposure to wind and sea The building Functions: Mixed use or Single Use? A single function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its total floor area is dedicated to single usages. which in our case are offices. Traffic congestion may possibly increase Must keep to an already provided masterplan Exposure to wind Opportunities Prime location for investors A modern city. .
Proximity to views 3. but very narrow plates (of 13. plans less than 15 meters deep are preferred.from BCO Area Requirements Toilet Kitchen/Kitchenette Office space per person Sanitary requirements? Space Configuration – Building Plan Depth Building plan depth is generally determined by: 1. Spatial proportions 4. gym) Cineplex Broadcast equipment/antennae Floor Plate Area Range for high rise and range for low rise. . For effective natural ventilation.5 meters or less) are less able to efficiently accommodate mixed cellular and open-plan working space. Natural daylight penetration 2. does not work well beyond 15 meters and at 15 meters a central atrium or air path has to be provided. Economy: ratio of envelope area to floor area enclosed Depths of 15-18 meters are very common and are suitable for use with a variety of mechanical systems. Space required to accommodate the smallest internal room 5. however.The remaining 15% of our tall building may be dedicated to: Retail Childcare Cafeteria/Restaurants Observatory/Observation platforms Fitness Centre (spa. including conventional air conditioning and mixed-mode systems. The mixed-mode system.
Comfort in the space which is not within this perimeter zone has to be maintained using artificial light and ventilation. since they may be allocated to deeper rooms if that is required by the building layout. the more the ratio of floor area to wall area will increase. . In a multi-occupant. 4. Natural lighting and ventilation are available to occupiers within 6m of the perimeter space.5m from a window. Daylight illumination reaches workstations to a depth of approx. Support Spaces: The following is a list of recommended space planning allowances for office support functions.The greater the plan depth. where ‘D’ is depth of natural lighting and ‘H’ is height of window) Large open plans/working groups often have to do without daylight penetration.5. with resulting effects on energy consumption. This reduces capital cost but greatly increases dependency upon air-conditioning. The relationship between plan depth and building section should also be considered. The depth covered with natural lighting and ventilation is obtained by multiplying the floor to ceiling height of the space by 2. The depth of a room depends on the space required for an individual. (Rule of thumb: D=1. open plan group or office space this in usually between 4.5H. depending on the size and location of windows. Standards of good practice place a maximum plan depth of 21m.5 and 6m.
BREEAM/LEED: to see case studies locally References http://www.tignepoint.com/sustainability .
mt/2008/08/24/t3.com/articles/view/20060226/local/early-spin-offs-expected-fromsmartcity-project.ctbuh.timesofmalta. http://www.kalkaralocalcouncil.aspx See pages 130-134 http://www.Necessity or Prestige? By Sarah Pace 2005.wikipedia.com/kalkaralocalcouncil/ups/Kalkara%20SDAP.mt/CompoundPage.com/articles/view/20060226/local/early-spin-offs-expected-fromsmartcity-project.org/wiki/Kalkara http://www.aspx?page_info_id=803&lang=EN&p=1 http://www.timesofmalta.org/TallBuildings/HeightStatistics/Criteria/tabid/446/language/enUS/Default.html http://www.62034 http://www.maltatoday.Dissertation http://www.62034 .pdf http://en.exchangemalta.com/penderville/exchange/ High-Rise in Malta.com.franksalt.com.