APA Style References

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Center the heading Reference List at the top of the page. Begin entry at the left margin, Indent one-half inch each additional lines of entry. Only the author’s last name and initials are used. After the 2nd author’s name and initials, use et al. to indicate the remaining authors in the article. Alphabetize the list by the first word of the entry (usually the author's last name). Use n.d. (no date) if the material is undated. Double-space the entire list, both between and within the entries.


Indent annotation one-half inch, single space paragraph.
This resource, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for in-text citations and the reference page. Panno, J. (2011). Gene therapy: treatments and cures for genetic diseases. (rev. ed.). NY: Facts on File. In-text example: (Panno, 2011)

A book (non-web source) OR book from an online source (non-web source) Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Title [in italics].(edition?). Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from (online source)

Anstee, D. J.; Klein, H. G.. (2008). Mollison's Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/ Annotation: Both authors are authorities in the clinical medicine medical blood transfusion field.
In-text example: (Anstee, Klein 2008)

Biology Textbook (the text book is cited, but not counted as a source) Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Title [in italics]. (Chapter title p/pp. Page number starts-Ends for pages used, …). Place of publication: Publisher. Article in a edited book (non-web source) Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Title of the article. In Initial(s) and last name of editor(s). (Eds.) [name of the work in italics]. Place of publication: Publisher name

Simon, E., Reece, J., et al. (2010) Campbell Essential biology with physiology. (DNA Technology pp. 224-225, Body’s Defenses p. 538). Boston: Benjamin Cummings. In-text example: (Simon, Reece, 2010)

Foldvary, F., (2009). Society should not be asked to sacrifice for those with genetic disorders. In K. Swarts (ed.) Genetics disorders. Detroit: Gale Cengage Learning. In-text example: (Foldvary, 2009)

Newspaper articles from an electronic database (non-web source) Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Article title. Name of periodical [in italics], pages [p.]. Retrieved from [name of database]. Online newspaper article Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Article title. Name of periodical [in italics]. Retrieved from [URL of homepage]. Journal/Magazine article from a print source Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Article title. Name of periodical [in italics], issue number (date), pages. Journal/Magazine article from online database (non-web source) Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Article title. Name of periodical [in italics], issue number (date), pages. Retrieved from [name of database] Internet article based on a print source Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (date of publication in parentheses). Article title. Name of periodical [in italics], issue number, pages. Retrieved from [URL of homepage]. • After the 2nd author’s name and initials, use et al. to indicate the remaining authors in the article Web Page with author Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)). (latest update in parentheses). Article web page title.

Abelson, R. (2011, February 2) Awaiting Health Law's Prognosis. The New York Times. LexisNexis Library. Retrieved from LexisNexis Scholastic. In-text example: (Abelson, 2011) Abelson, R. (2011, February 2) Awaiting Health Law's Prognosis. The New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com.

In-text example: (Abelson, 2011)
Kaiser, J. (2009). Gene therapy in a new light. Smithsonian, 39(10), 54. In-text example: (Kaiser, 2009)

Seppa, N. (2012 January 14). Gene therapy helps hemophiliacs. Science News, Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
In-text example: (Seppa, 2012)

Farra, N., Zhang, W-B., et al. (2012, January 12). Rett syndrome induced pluripotent stem cellderived neurons reveal novel neurophysiological alterations. Molecular Psychiatry doi: 10.1038/mp.2011.180. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ ncurrent/full/mp2011180a.html In-text example: (Farra, Zhang, 2012) Lusher, J. M. (2008). Hemophilia: From Plasma to Recombinant Factors. American Society of

Host name of organization or government body in italics. Retrieved from [url of homepage]

Hematology Retrieved from http://www.hematology.org/publications/50-years-inhematology/4737.aspx In-text example: (Lusher, 2008)

Web page with no author, use the name of the issuing organization Pattern: Name of the issuing organization. (latest update in parentheses). Article web page in italics. Retrieved from [url of homepage]. • • Government sites (.gov) Non-profit organizations (.org)

National Library of Medicine. (2012 January 1) Genetic Home Reference: Rett Syndrome. Retrieved from http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/rett-syndrome.
In-text example: (NLM, 2012) International Rett Syndrome Foundation. (2011 June 2) Rett Syndrome Re-created in an Adult Model

Retrieved from http://www.rettsyndrome.org.
In-text example: (IRSF, 2011)

Image from the web Pattern: Author (last name and initial(s)).Or name of the issuing organization. (latest update in parentheses). Article web page in italics . Retrieved from [url of homepage] Note: You may add the specific type of online image (i.e., map, cartoon, chart or graphic).

National Human Genome Research Institute. (2010 August 11). Reproductive cloning. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.genome.gov/
In-text example: (NHGRI, 2010)

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