Psychology is the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior and cognition.

It thus encompasses both normal and abnormal behavior. On the other hand, psychiatry is a branch of medicine dealing with mental illness.

The subject psychology itself is vast like an ocean. When broadly classified, psychology falls into 10 main branches. Let us briefly define and go through each one of them.

Behavioral Psychology Improve this chart Psychiatry Psychology As the name indicates, its the study of behavioral science such as mental process and human behavioral patterns. Behavioral Psychology is based on study of the functions of brain cells. Clinical Psychology is a treatment oriented branch of psychology which deals with scientific ways of handling psychological problems. It is also called counseling psychology. This includes prevention, understanding and cure of psychological issues by counseling and psychotherapy. Abnormal Psychology is the branch of psychology which deals with the abnormalities in a person’s behavior and psyche. This is a branch of study which is commonly found in Human Resources Management courses and Criminal Law courses. To treat mental illness to systematically investigate the human mind, including behavior and cognition Educational Psychology is often taught in educational institutions like schools and colleges. This field of study basically focuses on student life. It deals with shyness, learning disorders, adolescence, sex education in children and so on. These studies and awareness comes in handy in the different developmental stages of children. As the name suggests, Developmental Psychology deals with the changes that occurs in a human being over course of time. It deals with early childhood developmental stages. This helps in identifying the causes, treatment and effects of any psychological disorders better. Personality Psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with the IQ and personality of an individual. Different IQ tests and personality tests allow individuals to gauge themselves for better understanding. These are commonly found in interview tests and performance analysis. Evolutionary Psychology deals with the study of psychological stimuli in human beings. psychological stimuli include ability for developing linguistic skills, identifying a person’s state of mind, recognizing a kin from another and so on. We have noticed that babies, however small they are, easily get the cue of the above mentioned psychological stimuli. Cognitive Psychology deals with the mental processes like thoughts, memory and problem solving. It basically deals with the perception and problem solving capability of the brain. Psychology is known as the ‘Study of Mind’. Its also called dynamic science because no one can ever perceive or predict the behavior or nature of minds. Each individual’s actions, reactions and emotions tend to differ from one another. Legal Psychology is almost similar to cognitive and clinical psychology. It’s just that it has got a legal point of view. The legal psychologist assists the crime investigation by assessing the testimonies and statements of the witnesses and the victims.

Practitioner:

Psychiatrist

Psychologist

Practitioner's Nature:

Physician

Scientist or Clinician

Objective of the study:

Major fields of study:

Psychiatric medication & Tomography

Clinical psychology & Research Psychology

Licensed Practioners:

MD or DO

PhD, PsyD or EdD

Name Developed by:

Johann Christian Reil

Rudolp Gockel

Comparison chart

A psychiatrist's training starts with four years of medical school and is followed by a one-year internship and at least three years of specialized training as a psychiatric resident. Therefore all claims and superstitions of psuedopsychology are not backed by scienfic data. psychological theory. which is the study of the mind and behaviors. adaptation. This is based on characteristics like interdependence. In Your Own Words Psychiatrist. a lot of the treatment may be focused on medication management. as the aides often influenced the resulting messages. used as scientific facts. Can not be reliable or tested/proven Examples        Palm readers Psychics Horoscopes Dr. Sometimes medication alone is enough to treat the mental illness. dreams and symbolism. Licensed psychologists are qualified to do counseling and psychotherapy and provide treatment for mental disorders. His theories emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind. After completing graduate school.    Unsupported information (no experimental data). though. As a doctor. That means that with the exception of a couple of states. Graduate school provides a psychologist an education in evaluating and treating mental and emotional disorders. Often a psychologist will work in association with a psychiatrist who provides the medical treatment for mental illness while the psychologist provides the psychotherapy. ADHD. a psychologist completes an internship that lasts up to two years and provides further training in treatment methods. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the founder of psychoanalytic theory. has been declared a pseudoscience. a psychiatrist is licensed to write prescriptions. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in preventing. the psychiatrist may provide the psychotherapy. counseling. Unrealistic psychology. or bipolar disorder -. Despite this knowledge. PsyD. Sometimes a combination of medication and psychotherapy or counseling is needed. His ideas are what as known as grand Some of the most famous figures in the history of psychology left a lasting mark on the field of personality. If you are working with a psychiatrist. the professional counselor also needs two additional years' experience working with a qualified mental health professional after graduate school. A psychological counselor is a mental health professional who has a master's degree (MA) in psychology. Many mental disorders -such as depression. childhood experiences. If that is the case.Community Psychology is the study of the psychological aspects of the individuals in a community. makes you skeptical. medical doctors. Phil Astrology Graphology (polygraphs) Facilitated communication. Psuedopsychology gained cultural backing before the scientific method was developed. many people still continue to rely on psuedopsychology (both its methods and so-called "facts") for sources of information regarding their mental states and their future. A psychologist has a doctoral degree (PhD. and behavioral therapy. Licensed Mental Health Counselor. diplomacy and so on. such as problems with theheart or high blood pressure. a method of communicating the thoughts of an autistic child through an aide. or EdD) or master's degree in psychology. learn more about the lives. A psychiatrist monitors the effects of mental illness on other physical conditions. and treating mental illness. or a related field. anxiety. Psychologist. In order to be licensed. In this section of the personality study guide. diagnosing.can be treated effectively with specific drugs. or the psychiatrist may refer you to a counselor or other type of mental health professional. They are not. . A mental health counselor is qualified to evaluate and treat mental problems by providing counseling or psychotherapy. theories and contributions to psychology of these eminent psychologists. psychologists cannot write prescriptions.

Schedules of reinforcement influence how quickly a behavior is acquired and the strength of a response.theories because they seek to explain virtually every aspect of human behavior. Quasi-experiment Self-report inventory Survey. but his eight-stage theory of development remains popular with many. describing these individuals as those who are open to experience.a drive to fulfill individual potential that motivates behavior. This hierarchy includes physiological needs. imitating the behavior of the woman in the film. Carl Rogers: Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanist psychologist who believed that all people have anactualizing tendency . can be naturalistic (see natural experiment). participant or controlled. Children were then allowed to play with the same doll they had observed in the film. variable-ratio schedules and variable-interval schedules. self-esteem needs and self-actualizing needs. feel free and are creative. some aspects of Erikson's theory are considered outdated by contemporary researchers. Meta-analysis Neuroimaging and other psychophysiological methods Observational study. Many of Freud's ideas are considered outdated by modern psychologists. otherwise known as the Philippine Psychology Act of 2009. live in the moment. love and affection needs.               Archival research Case study Computer simulation (modeling) Content analysis Experiment. . Albert Bandura's (1925-Present) research in behavioral psychology emphasized the role of observational learning. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was a humanist psychologist who developed the well-knownhierarchy of needs. but it is still essential to have a solid understanding of his work and the influence he had on personality psychology. His theory of psychosocial stages describes how personality develops throughout the lifespan. seeks to regulate the practice of psychology and psychometrics in the Philippines by creating the Professional Regulatory Board of Psychology and requiring psychologists and psychometricians to pass a Licensure Examination. can be structured or unstructured. often with separate treatment and control groups (see scientific controland design of experiments) Field experiment Interview. trust their own judgement. 10029. B. Rogers called healthy individuals "fully-functioning". The effect of observational learning became apparent when the children began beating up the doll. safety and security needs. The schedules described by Skinner are fixedratio schedules. Bandura is best known for his Bobo doll experiment in which young children watched a film showing a woman beating up a doll. Republic Act No. Like Freud. often with a random sample (see survey sampling) Twin study Signed into law on 16 March 2010. F. Erik Erikson (1902-1994) was an ego psychologist trained by Anna Freud. fixed-variable schedules. Skinner (1904-1990) was a behaviorist best known for his research on operant conditioning and the discovery of schedules of reinforcement.

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