Space Technology and Disaster Management

Under the theme "Space benefits for humanity in the twenty-first century", the Third United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE III) was held in Vienna from 19 to 30 July 1999. In its resolution 1, the Conference adopted The Space Millennium: Vienna Declaration on Space and Human Development, that was subsequently endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution 54/68. The Vienna Declaration recommended 33 specific actions that should be taken to enable space technologies to contribute to the solution of global challenges of the new millennium. One of the recommendations put forward was the need "to implement an integrated, global system, especially through international cooperation, to manage natural disaster mitigation, relief and prevention efforts, especially of an international nature, through Earth observation, communications and other space-based services, making maximum use of existing capabilities and filling gaps in worldwide satellite coverage".

The use of space-based solutions and information has increased significantly since UNISPACEIII. The use of such technologies has been proven useful in the risk assessment, mitigation and preparedness phases of disaster management. As the global community learnt from the tsunami event of December 2004, space technologies have a central role to play in providing early warning to communities that are at risk. But in order for developing countries to be able to incorporate the use of space technology-based solutions there is a need to increase awareness, build national capacity and also develop solutions that are customised and appropriate to the needs of the developing world. This was the main goal of the space technology and disaster management programme carried out by the Office for Outer Space Affairs, between 2000 - 2004. The Office organized a series of regional workshops on the use of space technology for disaster management bringing the results of the regional workshops to an international workshop, held in Munich, Germany, in October 2004. At that workshop, 170 participants from 51 countries agreed on a global strategy that would help developing countries to gain access to and be able to use space technology for disaster management, a strategy put forward as the Munich Vision: a Global Strategy for Improved Risk Reduction and Disaster Management Using Space Technology (A/AC.105/837, annex). Participants recognized that space-based technologies such as Earth observation satellites, communication satellites, meteorological satellites and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) played an important role in risk reduction and disaster management, and made a number of recommendations in the areas of capacity development and knowledge-building; data access, data availability and information extraction; enhancing awareness; and national, regional and global coordination. The recommendations and conclusions put forward by the participants of the various workshops, including the final workshop in Munich, were taken into consideration by the ad hoc expert group that was studying the proposal of a coordinating entity that should be created and that would be a "one-stop shop" to provide support to the disaster management community at large, that would be a platform for fostering alliances, and that would also contribute to bridging the

org). Activities Carried Out Activity United Nations International Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Disaster Management United Nations/Saudi Arabia Regional Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Disaster Management for Western Asia City Munich.105/833 CLICK HERE Poiana Brasov. CLICK CLICK A/AC. Disaster Rehabilitation and Sustainable Development United Nations/Romania Regional Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Disaster Management for Europe United Nations Regional Workshop on the Use of Space technology for Disaster Management for Asia and the Pacific United Nations Regional CLICK HERE CLICK HERE A/AC. Thailand 11-15 November 2002 1-5 July 2002 CLICK HERE CLICK HERE A/AC.105/808 CLICK HERE (External Link) Bangkok.105/794 CLICK HERE . Romania 19-23 May 2003 CLICK HERE CLICK HERE A/AC.105/836 CLICK HERE United Nations/European Space Agency/ Government of Sudan Regional Workshop on the Use of Space Khartoum.105/828 CLICK HERE Tehran.105/837 Presentations CLICK HERE (External Link) Riyadh. Subsequently. in particular for developing countries ( http://www. Islamic Republic of Iran 8-12 May 2004 CLICK HERE CLICK HERE A/AC. the General Assembly decided to establish the proposed United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) as a programme within the United Nations to provide universal access to all countries and all relevant international and regional organizations to all types of spacebased information and services relevant to disaster management to support the full disaster management cycle by being a gateway to space information for disaster management support.unspider. serving as a bridge to connect the disaster management and space communities and being a facilitator of capacity-building and institutional between the disaster management and space communities. 4�8 April Sudan Technology for Natural 2004 Resources Management. by its resolution 61/110 of 14 December 2006.105/800 CLICK HERE (External Link) Addis Ababa. Environmental Monitoring and Disaster Management United Nations/Islamic Republic of Iran Regional Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Environmental Security. Saudi Arabia 2-6 October 2004 A/AC. Germany Date 18-22 October 2004 Programme Participants CLICK HERE (External Link) CLICK HERE CLICK HERE (External Link) CLICK HERE UN Report A/AC.

105/747 NOT AVAILABLE Space Technology and the World Conference on Disaster Reduction The World Conference on Disaster Reduction. NOT November Chile AVAILABLE in Disaster Management for 2000 the Benefit of Countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region NOT AVAILABLE A/AC. The Director of the Office delivered a statement to the Plenary and also a presentation during the thematic session which dealt with space technology. Technology and Disaster Management Issue Date: March 9. Please check here for information on WCDR. OOSA was present to ensure that the past and future contributions of space technology to disaster reduction and disaster management were reflected in the various outcome documents. which took place in Kobe from 18-22 January 2005.Workshop on the Use of Space Technology for Disaster Management for Africa Ethiopia HERE HERE United Nations/Chile/European Space Agency Workshop on 13-17 the Use of Space Technology La Serena. was the largest event ever of the disaster community. TOP > Director's Blog > > Thinking about Science. Technology and Disaster Management Thinking about Science. 2012 .

more than twice as many respondents thought the nuclear accident was more a serious crisis than the earthquake itself or the tsunami. or the corporate world that only cares about making money and has forgotten about safety. and the meaning of education related to technology that is produced by such science. think twice about science. These questions highlight the activities of scientists and the corporate world. 2011 and the Fukushima nuclear accident. as citizens. Noboru Kobayashi. it created an equal relationship. while we may be able to perceive the issues involved. there is a lot of talk about scientists who have sold their soul to the corporations for money. Tsunami and earthquakes are themselves part of the phenomenon of the Great East Japan Earthquake. As we all know. looking at the confusion surrounding science . living as we do in a scientifically and technologically advanced and materialistically affluent society.S. but the nuclear accident makes us. science and technology Considering what has taken place over the past year. Simply put. It also involves questions of social responsibility and how to communicate risk to society at large. at hospitals and clinics. risk management. such questions abound now: Why couldn't we have predicted the earthquake? Why was the height of the tsunami underestimated? Why couldn't the nuclear accident have been prevented? Was the cause related to the nuclear reactor design? Are current radioactivity levels safe? These are just some of the questions that need to be answered on scientific grounds. While the truth of these accusations is hard to ascertain. In other words. it refers to the practice of the doctor fully explaining the medical treatment to the patient in advance. 55%. bogus scientists. Great East Japan Earthquake. what comes to everyone's mind is the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11. and in a sense. At very least. followed by 19% and 24% who answered the "earthquake" and "tsunami. nuclear reactor. A nationwide survey in June 2011 indicated that the nuclear accident was considered the most serious crisis in the Great East Japan Earthquake. In that respect. instead of one-sided communication from the doctor to the patient. Understandably. Nevertheless.Tweet Keywords: Informed consent. it is hard to think about them from a scientific perspective. was able to raise the level of medical care treatment. I think it was in the 1970s that we began to hear about "informed consent" coming from the U." respectively.

in the planning stages of a nuclear reactor or construction. Japan is a country with a high probability of natural disasters such as earthquakes. Moreover. as a two-way. As a matter of course. It defined the exchange of information and opinion on risk between individuals. there would be no need to talk about risk communication. in which ordinary citizens have been able and encouraged to think about things in scientific and technological terms. . Indeed. Of course. how would the citizens have reacted? Japanese society must strive to renew its way of thinking about science and technology. but just as informed consent arrived with advances in medicine.11 earthquake had occurred in the UK. If all scientists.and technology in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake. one of my strongest impressions was that British society was one where scientists like Newton and Darwin were regular citizens walking the streets like everyone else. which were originally imported from Europe and the U. etc.S. institutions and groups. I will leave the details of risk communication to another publication. Problems often occur when the scientist is the information provider and citizens are the receivers. which can be confusing to the public. Without accurate. and citizens fully considered these matters logically and ethically. that is based on the particular history and traditions of science and technology in the UK.. interactive process between the providers and receivers of information. people will not be moved to consider risk and make a decision on how to act. easy-to-understand information. the National Research Council in the U. It seems that in 1989.S. risk often tends to be calculated by computer as probability. proposed an idea of risk communication that is similar to informed consent. I studied at a pediatrics hospital in London for three years. Today. if a disaster like the 3. risk communication between scientists and corporations becomes an important issue. While living there. This means raising the level of scientific and technological knowledge among children and considering what kind of risk communication is most appropriate for our culture here. In the early 1960s. it is time to discuss and determine what should be the practices of risk communication in a scientifically and technologically advanced society. but our society has also come to the point where we will not be able to live without it. people in corporate business. it is time to think about how to communicate risk in today's society.

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