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ESSENCE OF KURMA PURANA

Compiled, Composed and Inerpreted by V.D.N.Rao, Former General Manager, India Trade Promotion Organisation, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, Union Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India

ESSENCE OF KURMA PURANA Contents Vishnus Avatara as Kurma, Lakshmi as Maya and revelation of Tatwa Gyaan (Sage Indradyumnas prayer to Vishnu included) Evolution of Brahmanda (the Golden Egg) and Features of Supreme Architect Brahmana Dharmas, Ashrama Vidhana and Abhinnata (Indivisibility) of Trimurtis Brahma Srishti Devi Mahatmya: Sati and Parvati Rupas and Himavaans Stuti to Parvati (Devi Sahasra naamaa Stotra included) Varaha Devas Avatara and his rescue of Bhu Devi from Rasaatala Page

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Narasimhas incarnation, Prahlada Bhakti and Andhakasuras remorse & Ganatwa 19 Vamana Devas incarnation and King Balis extreme sacrifice 23

Shri Ramas incarnation, execution of Ravana and installation of Rameshwara Linga 25 King Jayadhwajas Vishnu Bhakti and Sapta Rishis assertion for Nishkama Bhakti 26

Krishnaavataara, his worship to Shiva, Vishnu-Shiva Identity & Shiva Linga Mahima (Krishnas warning not to ignore Shiva Puja and Vyasas Stuti to Shiva included) 28 Varanasi Mahima: Krittivasa, Kaparda, Omkaresha, Madhyasta & Vishwesha Lingas 33 Triveni Sangama (Prayaga) Mahatmya I s h w a r a G i t a 36 39 42 35

Delineation of Atma Swarupa (Guhya Jnaana) Shiva Bhakti, Shiva Shakti, Shiva Tatwa and Shiva Tandava Unfolding of Ishwara Vibhutis (faculties) and Concepts of Pashu-Paasha-Pashupati Rudiments of Yoga Practice and Yoga Mahima (One-ness of Shiva-Narayana re-emphasised) Shraaddha Prakarana: Profile, Significance, Procedure & Dos and Donts Tirtha Mahima: Gaya, Pushkara, Saarasvata, Kaalanjara and many other Tirthas

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Shiva Linga Patana at Deva Daaru Vana, Brahmas reproof and Munis remorse (Brahma extols Shiva Mahima, Stuti by Munis and discourse on Karma Jnaana Yoga) 50 Kurma Purana Phala Shruti and Kurma Deva Stuti by Maharshis 53-54

ESSENCE OF KURMA PURANA Namaskrutwa Jagad Yonim Kurma rupadharinim Harim, Vakshye Pouraanikeem Divyam Kathaam Paapa Pranaashanim/ Yaam shrutwaa Paapakarmaapi Gaccheta Paramaam gatim, Na naastikey Kathaam Puraamaamaamimaam bruyaat kadachana / Shraddhaanaaya Shaantaaya Dhaarmikaaya Dwijaataye, Imaam Kathaanubruyaat Sakshaannaaraayaneritaam/ (My greetings to Bhagavan Narayana Vishnu who is the root cause of the totality of the Universe assuming the Form of Kurma; the unique Kurma Purana which destroys all the Great Sins of life is a definite means of Mukti. But this Sacred Kurma Purana is certainly not meant for Nastikas or Atheists but is for Believers of Almighty, Dharma and Values of Life, fortitude and devotion). Vishnus Avatara as Kurma, Lakshmi as Maya and Revelation of Tatwa Gyaan (Sage Indradyumnas prayer to Vishnu included) DwipayanaVeda Vyasa Maharshi also called Romaharshana (or he whose body-hairs are imbued with happiness) was inspired by Suta Maha Muni to narrate the happenings of Kurma Avatara of Vishnu to the Sages at Nimisha Forest. As Deva Danavas decided to initiate the act of the Ksheera Samudra Mathana or churning of the Ocean of Milk - on which Narayana was lying normally in yogic slumberby erecting the Mandara Mountain, Bhagavan Narayana had already assumed the Kurma Rupa or the Form of a gigantic Tortoise. Even by then, Devi Lakshmi the Goddess of Wealth was in position along with Kurma Deva. As Devas and Maharsis like Narada asked Devi Lakshmi to be identified, Narayana replied that she was of his own Amshaor Swarupa: Iyamsa Pramashaktirmayi Brahma Rupiney, Maya mama Priyaanantaa yahedam mohitam Jagat/ Anayaiva Jagat Sarvam Sadevaasura Maanusham, Mohayaami Dwija Sreshtaa grasaami visrujaami cha/ Utpattim Pralayam chaiva Bhutaanaamagatim gatim, Vijnaayaanveekshya chaatmaanam taranti vipulaalimaam/ Asyaastwamshaanadhishtaaya Shaktimanto bhavan Dwijaah, Brahmoshaanadayo Devaah Sarva Shaktiriyam mama/ Saishaa Sarva jagatstutih Prakrithistrigunaatmikaa, Praageva Mattaha Sanjaataa Shrikalpey Padma vaasini/

Chaturbhujah shankha chakra padma hastaa shubhaanvitaa, Koti Surya Pratikaashaa Mohini Sarva dehinaam/ Naalam Devaa Pitaro Maanavaa Vasuvopicha Mayaametaam Samutturtam ye chaanye Bhuvi dehinah/ (This Devi Lakshmi is of Vishnus Swarupa and Parama Shakti Maha Maya who allures the Universe in totality; Her charms are endless and is spread all over with her attractions conjuring one and all and with her assistance what Vishnu creates, destroys and recreates again. Thus Vishnu confirmed that this Maha Shakti was the prime source of energy based on which, Brahma, Shiva and all the Devas which were the ramifications of Maha Maya came to be created by the mix of Three Gunas or features of Satwa-Rajas and Tamas. She thus got originated with four hands possessing Shankha-ChakraKamal and Abhaya or Raksha to assure protection to one and all of the Beings in Creation and indeed there was none including Devas, Pitaras, Manavas etc. who could conquer her except by extreme dedication and deep devotion.) Devi Lakshmi was briefed by Brahma as follows: Devidamakhilam Vishwam Sadevasura -maanusham, Mohayitwaamamaadeshaat samsaarey vinipataya/ Jnaanayoga rataan Daantaan Brahmishthaan Brahma vaadinah, Akrodhanaan Satyaparaan dooratah parivarjaya/ Dhyaayino nirmamaan Shaantaan dharmikaan vedapaaragaan, Jaapinastaapasaan Vipraan dooratah parivarjaya/ Sartyaparaan dooratah parivarjaya/ Vedavedaanta vijnaana sancchinnaasesha samshayaan, Mahaayajna paraan Vipraan dooratah parivarjaya/ Ye Jayanti japairhomair Deva Devam Maheswaram, Swaadhyaayanejjayaa dooraat taan prayatnena varjaya/ Bhakti yoga Samaayuktaaneeswaraarpita maanasaan, Paanaayaamaadishu rataan dooraat pariharaamalaam/ Pranavaasaktamanaso Rudra japya paraayanaan, Atharva shirasaso- dhyetrun Dharmajnaana parivarjaya/

(Brahma advised Lakshmi Devi to certainly spread the net of Maya on Devas, Asuras, Manuhsyas and indeed the entire world, but not on those who were always engaged in Jnaana Yoga, Jitendriyata or control of Jnaana-Karmendriyas, Brahma Nishtha or Absorption in Brahmatwa, Brahmavaaditwa or seeking to prove Brahmas existence , krodha shunyata or resistance of anger and Satya paraayanata or Constant pursuit of Truth. Those who are Dhyaanis or Meditators, devoid of desires, ever Peaceful, Dharmik or the Virtuous , Veda Jnaanis, Japa-paraayanaas, and Tapasvis should also be exempt from the Maya. Veda Vedaanta Jnaanis, Yajna paraayanaas or practitioners, Japa- homaYajna and Swaadhyaaya Murtis too never be exposed to the Lakshmi Maya. Again, those persons who dedicate themselves to Bhagavan and were deeply attached to Praanaayaama viz.DharanaDhyaana and Samaadhi , Pranavopaasana, Rudra Mantra Japa and Athrava sirasaadhyeya and Nitya Ishwaraadhayena are too exempt from the playful exposure of Maya). Having heard about the influence of Devi Lakshmis Maya, Devas and Munis enquired of Vishnu whether there was any body who might have escaped the impact of Maya in the past, Hrishikesha cited one example of a well-read and illustrious Brahmana called Indradyumna who in his previous birth was a reputed King also named Indradyumna and claimed invincibility over Devas. But meanwhile Vishnu assumed Kurma Avatara and since the Shaktis of Tri Murtis and of Devas got merged into the Avatara, the King sought refuge into the Avatara; then Kurma Deva blessed the King to take to the next birth as a Brahmana and in his current life practised Vratas, Upavaasaas, Homas and worshipped Vishnu. That was the background of Indradyumna as the King and later as Brahmana. Devi Lakshmi encountered the Brahmana and was overcome by his sincerity and dedication and on revealing her identity as Lakshmi touched the Brahmana with affection and assured that one day Bhagavan Vishnu himself would provide Jnaana to him and disappeared. Brahmana Indradyumna meditated toVishnu for very many years and decades and finally Bhagavan obliged him with his darshan as the latter fell down on his knees and prayed to him. Indradyumnas Prayer to BhagavanVishnu: Yajneshaachyuta Govinda Madhavaananta Keshava, Krishna Vishno Hrishikesha tubhyam Vishwatmaney Namah/ Namostutey Puraanaaya Haraye Vishwa Murtaye, Sarga Sthiti Vinaashaanaam Hetaveynanta Shaktaye/ Nirgunaaya Namastubhyam Nishkalaaya amalaatmaney, Purushaaya Namastubhyam Vishwarupaayatey namah/ Namastey Vaasudevaaya Vishnavey Vishwayonaye, Adi Madhyanta Heenaaya Jnaanagamyaaya tey namah/ Namastey Nirvikaaraaya Nishprapanchaaya tey namah, Bhedaabheda Viheenaaya Namostwaananda Rupiney/ Namastaaraaya Shaantaaya Namo Apratihataatmaney, Ananta Murtaye tubhyam amurtaayam Namo namah/ Namastey Paramaarthaaya Maayaatitaaya tey namah,

Namastey Parameshaaya Brahmaney Paramatmaney/ Namostu tey Susukshmaaya Maha Devayatey namah, Namah Shivaaya Shuddhaaya Namastey Parameshthiney/ Twayaiva Srushthimakhilam twameva Paramaagatih, Twam Pitaa Sarva Bhutaanaam twam Maataa Purushottama/ Twamaksharam Paramdhaama Chinmaatram Vyoma Nishkalam, Sarvasyaadhaara mavyaktamanantam Tamasah Param/ Prapashyanti Paramaatmaanam Jnaana deepena kevalam, Prapadye Bhavato Rupam tad Vishnoh Paramam Padam/ Evam stuvantam Bhagavan Bhutaatmaa Bhutabhaavanah, Upaabhyaamatha hastaabhyaam paspasrsha prahasanniva/ (My salutations to you Yagna Swami, Achyuta, Govinda, Maadhava, Ananta, Keshava, Krishna, Vishnu, Hrishikesha, Vishwaatma, Puraana Purusha, Vishwa Murti, Hari! You are the cause of Creation, Continuation and Conclusion of the Universe; You possess Unending Energy, You are the Nirguna Swarupa, Nishkala, Vimalatma or of the Pure Soul; Vishwa Rupa Purusha, Vishwa Yoni, vaasudeva, Vishnu; You have neither Beginning-nor the Inter Stage-nor even the Termination; You are realisable only by Jnaana or Paramount Knowledge; You are Nitrvikara or Devoid of Features; Prapancha or Pancha Bhutas; You possess neither dissimilarities nor constancies; but are the Embodiment of Ananda or Bliss! You are the only Power that could save us from the Deep Oceans of Samsara or the Miseries of Life; You are always Peaceful, Tranquil, Wholesome, Ever-Clean and Eternal; You are beyond Illusions, Paramartha Swarupa or the Supreme Goal; Paramatma or the Ultimate Soul; The Everlasting; The Minutest; Maha Deva-Parameshti and Parabrahma! You are the Highest Scripter of Srishti; the Final Destiny; the Purushottama; the Father and Mother of BhutaPraanis in Totality; the Avinaashi /Indestructible; Parama dhama or the Last Refuge Point; the Chikitsa Rupa or the Best Physician; Vyoma or the Akaasha; Nishkala or the Transparent; The Adhara or the Fulcrum; Avyakta or the Unknown; Ananta or The Endless; Nitya Prakasha or the Ever-Resplendent; and Realisable by Yogis only by the Light of Jnaana or the Awareness of Infinity! As Indradyumna extolled Bhagavan Vishnu, the latter was pleased, smiled and touched the Muni and passed on Tatwa Jnaana.) As Indradyuma was in a trance and in a state of bliss, Bhagavan passed on the Fundamentals and Nuances of Tatwa Gyaana. Highlights of Tatwa Gyan: Bhagawan unfolded the Basic Principles of Tatwa Gyaana with an Intro of Ashrama Dharma, Bhakti Saadhana, Saguna Swarupa Bhavana gradually leading to Nirgunatwa, Virat Swarupa, and Brahma Gyaana. He stated: Varnaashramaachaaravataam Pumsaam Devo Maheshwarah, Jnaanena Bhaktiyogena Pujaniyo na chaanyathaa/ Vigjnaaya tatparam Tatwam Vibhutim Karyakaaranam, Pravruttim chaapimey Jnaatwaa Mokshaartheeshwaramarchayet/ Sarva Sangaan parityajya Jnaatwaa Maayaamayam Jajat,

Adwaitam bhavayaatmaanam drushyasey Parameshwaram/ Trividhaa Bhaavana Brahmanm prochyamaanaa nibodha mey, Ekaa madvishayaa tatra dwitiyaa Vkyata samshrayaa, Anyaacha Bhaavanaa Braahmi Vigjneyaa saa gunaatigaa/ Aasaamanyaamchaatha Bhavanaam Bhavayed Budhah, Asaktah Samshrayedaadyaamityesha Vaidiki Shrutih/ Tasmaat Sarva prayatnena tannisthastatparaayanah, Samaaraadhya Vishwesham tato Mokshamavaapyasi/ (Persons engaged in the Varnaashrama and Ashrama Dharmas should follow the Principles of Bhakti and Jnaana and worship Bhagavan and there would indeed be no other means of Sadhana. Those desirous of accomplishing Moksha must perform Upasana by appropriately assessing the intricacies of Parama Tatwa, Vibhutis or Alternate Counter-Part Shaktis, Karya-Kaarana or Cause-Causation Forms and then worship the Supreme Ishwara. There are three kinds of Bhavanas or feelings about Paramatma viz. Saguna Swarupa or in full physical Form; the second feeling relates to a Virat Swarupa or of a Giant Form; the Third relates to Brahma Jnaana Vishaya Bhavana or of the Complex and Unidentifiable Type beyond ones comprehension. A devotee might follow any of the above Bhavanas to perform Upasana; a none too capable person who could imagine Bhagavan in a Complex Swarupa might as well worship Him in the Primary Form of Bhagavan and indeed that type of worship was authorised by Vedas. In any case, Indradyumna was advised by Bhagavan that in any of the Forms of Saguna, Nirguna or Paraaguna, one must perform worship with Nishtha or Dedication to accomplish Moksha). Then Bhagavan explained to the Sage that Paratpara Tatwa was an endless personification of Para Brahma: Paratparam Tatwam Param Brahmaikamavyayam, Nityaanandam Swayam Jyotiraksharam Tamasah Param/ Ishwaryam tasya yannityam Vibhutiriti geeyatey, Kaaryam Jagadathaavyaktam Kaaranam Shuddamaksharam/ Aham hi Sarvabhutaanaam- antaryaameeshwarah Parah, Sargasthityanta kartutwam Pravurtirmama geeyatey/ Etad Vigjnaaya Bhaavena Yathaavadakhilam Dwija, Tatastwam Karmayogena Shaaswatam Samyagarchaya/ (The Para Tatwa beyond ones Imagination is Para Brahma the Ananda Swarupa or the Embodiment of Bliss; Swaprakasha or the Auto-Illuminated; Avinaashi or Indestructible; Ever Prosperous; Ever Lasting; Karyakaarana Swarupa; Srishthisthitisamhaara Karana; and the Maha Tawta and Vibhuti Swarupa. I am the Antaryami Ishwara. Brahmana! Do therefore seek to visualize me and worship me through Karma Yoga, advised Bhagavan). That was how, the Sage Indradyumna proceeded to worship the Mata Tatwa and attained Moksha.

Tasmaad Sarva prayatnena Varnaashrama vidhou sthitah, Samaashriyat yaantimam Bhavam Maayaam Lakshmim Tred budhah/ ( This would be the path of observing Varnaashrama Niyamaas as Brahmana Indradyumna did by sincerely dedicating the self to Paramatma that one ought to follow to overcome the Lakshmi Maya!) Indeed that was the backdrop of Kurma Purana by hearing, reciting and analysing which would bestow long life, fulfillment, paapa vimochana and Mukti: Dhanyam Yashasyamaanushyam Punyam Mokshapradam Nrunaam, Puraana shravana Vipraah kathanam cha viseshatah/ Shrutwaa chaadhyaayameyvaikam Sarvapaapaaih pramuchyatey, Upaakhaanamathaikam vaa Brahmalokey Mahiyatey/ Evolution of Brahmanda (the Golden Egg) and popular features of the Supreme Architect Prakrtutim Purusham chaiva Pravishyashu Maheshwarah, Khshobhayaamaasa yogena Parena Parameshwarah/ Pradhaanaat kshobhamaanaaccha tathaa Pumsah Puraatanaat, Praaduraaseen -mahad beejam Pradhaana Purushatmakam/ Mahatmaanaa Mati Brahma Prabuddhih Khyaatireeshwarah, Prajnaa Dhrutih Smritih Samvidetasmaaditi tat smrutam/ Vaikaarikasthaijamascha Bhuta -adish chaiva Taamasah, Trividhoyamahankaaro Mahatah Sambubhuva ha/ Ahamkaarobhimaanascha kartaa Mantaacha sa smrtutah, Atmaacha Pudgalo jeevo yatah Sarvaah pravruttayah/ Pancha Bhutaanyahamkaaraat tanmaatraani cha janjirey, Indriyaani tathaa Devaah Sarvam tasyataatmajam Jagat/ (Parameshwara assumed the dual Forms of Purusha and Prakriti and following their interaction appeared a Maha Beeja called Mahatma, Mati, Prabuddha, Khyati, Pragjna, Dhruti, Smruti and Samvit. This Maha Tatwa was the Adi Karanaor the Prime Cause of Creation or Three Kinds of Ahamkara (Ego or Self Awareness) viz. Vaikarika, Taijasa, and Taamasa. This Ahamkara took to six kinds of Pravrittis or manifestations viz. Abhimaan, Karta, Manta, Atma, Pudgal and Jeeva. The Ahamkara created Pancha Bhutas of Prithvi-Jala-Teja-Vaayu and Akasha or Earth-Water-RadianceAir and Sky; the Ahamkara also created Five Tanmatras (Subtle Forms of Matter) of ShabdaSparsha-Rupa-Rasa-Gandha or Sound-Touch-Vision-Taste and Smell; the corresponding Indriyas or Physical Parts of Ears-Skin-Eyes-Tongue and Nose). The undefinable Manas or Mind is stated to be

the first Vikara (Change or Transformation) and therefore Vaikarika Srishti got intiated by Vaikarika Ahamkaara. This Srishti comprised five Karmendriyas of hands, legs, mouth and organs of generation and excretion besides Jnanendriyas of Ears, Nose, Eyes, Tongue and Skin and the Eleventh Indriya is of the Manas or Mind which is Ubhayaatmakaor a common feature.This is the Creation of Bhuta tanmatraas and Bhutaatma Praja Srishti. Vikara prapta Bhutas produced Shabda Tanmatra which further produced Akasha ; the Vaikarika Akasha created Sparsha Tanmatra and created Vaayu; Vaikara prapta Vaayu produced Rupa tanmatra ; (from Vayu Teja got created and further to Rupa); after interaction Teja created Rasa tanmatra which in turn produced Jala and its resultant product of rasa; Jala and Gandha led to Sanghaat or Prithvi Tatwa and so on. The seven Mahaatmas (Top Significances) viz. the Mahat, Ahamkaara and the Pancha Tatwas are inter-dependent and their combination only could take up Srishti. Purushaadhishti Tatvaaccha Avykataanugrahenacha, Mahadaaayo viseshaantaa hyanda mutpaadayantidey/ (There was a common role of Purusha, Maha Tatwa, Pancha Bhutas and others in floating the Brahmanada). The Brahmanda was floating on a huge mass of water and inside the Brahmanda was Kshetrajna Purusha also called Hamsa, Hiranya -garbha, Kapila, Chaandomurti and Sanatana. Within the Brahmanda were Meru, Mountains and Samudras. Also present were Devatas, Asuras, Maanavas, Nakshatras, Vayu, Surya and Chandra. Outside the Brahmanda, there was a wide spread of water ten times larger than the size of the Golden Egg. There also was illumination of ten times more of the water and ten times further was the volume of Vayu. Far more voluminous than the size of the Vayu was that of Aakasha and far beyond was the Akakasha was thick layer of Ahankara; spread all over Ahamkara was that of Maha Tatwa; indeed the Maha Tatwa was stated to be of the Great Unknown! Bhagavan Kurma Deva thus explained to Rishis about the genesis of Brahmanada and confirmed that the Maya surrounded the seven layers of Jala, Tejas, Vayu, Aakaasha, Ahamkara, Maha Tatwa and Paramatma. He also described with conviction to the Rishis the meaning of some of the Names that He assumed in different contexts: Ekopi Sanmahadevastridhaasou samavasthitah, Sargarakshaa layagunairnirgunopi Niranjanah, Ekadhaa sa dwidhaachaiva Tridhaacha Bahudaa punah/ Yogeshwarah Shariraani karoti vikaroticha, Naanaa kruti kriyaa rupa naamavanti Swaleelayaa/ Hitaayachaiva Bhaktaanaam sa eva grasatey punah, Tridhaa vibhajya chaatmaanam Trikaalye sampravartatey, Srujatey Grasatey chaiva veekshatey cha viseshatah/ Yasmaat srushtaanugruhnaati grasateycha punah prajaah, Gunaatmakatwaat Trailokye tasmaadekah sa ucchyatey/ Agrey Hiranya garbhah sa praadurbhutah Sanatanah,

Aditwaadaadi Devaasou Ajaatatwaadajah smrutah/ Paati yasmaan Prajaah Sarvaah Prajaapatiriti smrutah, Deveshu cha Mahadevo Mahadeva iti smritah/ Brihatvaaccha smruto Brahmaa Paratwaat Parameshwarah, Vashitwaadapya vashyatwaadishwarah paribhashitah/ Rishih Sarvatragatwena Harih Sarvaharo yatah, Anupaadyaachha Puurvatwaat Swayambhuriti sa smrutah/ Naraayaanamayano yasmaat tena Naaraayanah smrutah, Harah samsaaraharanaad vibhutvaad Vishnuruchyatey/ Bhagavaan sarva Vijnaanaadavanaadomiti smrutah, Sarvajnah Sarva Vigjnaanaat Sarvah Sarvamayoyatah/ Shivah sa nirmalo yasmaad Vibhuh Sarvagato yatah, Taaranaat Sarva duhkhaanaam Taarakah parigeeyatey/ Bahunaatra kimuktena Sarvam Brahmamayam Jagat, Aneka bheda bhinnastu kreedayatey Parameshwarah/ (Even as a Unique and Singular Entity, the Nirguna-Niranjana assumed Three Forms since the tasks expected were some what self-contradictory viz. Creation-Preservation and Extermination and three distinct Gunas or Features were required to take up the deeds. Maha Deva was in fact accustomed to assume various Forms-some times as one, or two or three and even as in Ananta Rupas or in Endless Profiles. He was playfully habituated to sport different forms, deeds and names appropriate to exigencies of Srishthi-Sthiti and Samhara; this was so since he performed the tasks on his own or by his agents. As he executed the deeds simultaneously with the predominance of one Guna or another or all of the Gunas together, he came to be called Advaita to the One and Only; at the beginning itself he was the foremost to appear he was named as Adideva;as he was never born he was named Ajanma; as he was deeply involved in the happenings of one and all among the human beings, he was named Prajapati and as he was the Supreme of Prajas or the People; as he was the Foremost of the Devas, he was called as Maha Deva; he was the Parama or the Ultimate, and was thus named Parameshwara; as he well-known as Sarva Harana at the time of Pralaya of the Universe or at the end of ones Life Journey, he had the name of Hari; as he was Self-Generated or put in differently he got Materialised on his own, he was known as Swayambhu; as he was popular as the Final Refuge Point or Ayana of one and all, he was named Naraayana; it was in another context that he was lying or Ayana on Naaraor Water popular as Ksheera Sagara his most popular name was Narayana; as he is Omni Present anywhere in the Universe occupying the Entirety he is called Vishnu; as he is the OmniScient of the goings-on all over spread the length and breadth of the Totality he had the Unique Epithet of OM; as he was the Epitome of Visishtha Jnaana or the Distinctive Knowledge of Everything, he was called Sarvgjna; as he was Atma Swarupa he was known as Sarva; Shiva as he was Mala Shunya; Vibhu as he was Sarva Vyapta or All- Pervading and Taraka as he could steer clear of any types of obsctacles. Indeed, is there a need for overemphasis of the obvious by way of explanations about Parameshwara, his innumerable and varied Rupas, leelaas or his playful activities! Suffice to say that the very Existence of the Universe is owed to him!) 10

Brahmana Dharmas, Ashrama Vidhana and Abhinnata (Indivisibility) of Tri Murtis Kurma Bhagavan described to Maharshis that after the Sanatana Srishti by Paramatma, Brahma took up the task of Srishti of Charaachara Jagatand created nine Maanasa Putras or Mind-borne Sons viz. Marichi, Bhrigu, Angira, Pulastya, Pulah, Kratu, Daksha, Atri, and Vasishtha. The Four Vedas of Ruk-Yajur-Saama and Atharva constituted the natural appearance of Brahma. At the beginning of Srishti, Trigunas of Satwa-Rajasa and Tamasika were non-existent; there was no Raaga-Dweshas or Desire-Hatred Syndrome and no interplay of Arishadvargasor the Six Basic Enemies of Beings viz. Kama (desire), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (infatuation), Mada (arrogance) and Matsara (jealousy). With the passage of time the concepts of Swadharmaand Paradharmaaccentuated the class-distinction and Brahmana Dharma was defined as : Yajanam Yaajanam Daanam Brahmanasya pratigraham, Ahyaapanam cha adhyayanam Shasta Karmaani Dwijotthama/ (The six major duties of Brahmanas were stated to be the Performance of Yajnaas, enabling and encouraging the Yajna Karmas, giving as also receiving Daanaas; Adhyayana or Reciting Scriptures and Adhyaapana or Teaching them). Daana, Adhyayana and Yajna are the common features of Kshatriyas and Vaishyas while Kshatriyas have the duties of Law-Order -Defence as Vaishyas perform Business, Agriculture, Trading and Accounting. The other categories are to specialise in Shilpa, Crafts and such other professions. As regards Ashrama Dharmaas viz. Garhastya-Vanaprastya-Sanyasa and Brahmacharya, Kurma Bhagavan ordained the following: Agnayotithishurushaa Yajno Daanam Suraarchanam, Gruhastasya Samaasena Dharmoyam Munipungavaah/ Homo Mula phalaashitwam Swaadhyaastapa eva cha, Samvibhaago yathaanyaayam Dharmoyam Vanavaasinam/ Bhaiksaashanam cha Mounitwam Tapo dhyaanamviseshatah, Samyajnaanam cha vairaagyam Dharmoyam Bhikshukey matah/ Bhikshaachaaryaacha shusrushaa Guroh Swaadhyaaya eva cha, Sandhyaa karmaagni Kaaryaacha Dharmoyam Brahmachaarinam/ (Grihastya Dharma mainly entails Upasana of Agnis viz. Garhapatya, Aahavaniya, Dakshinaagni; Atithi Seva; Yagna-Daana- Deva Pujas form the core of Brahmana Vidhi. Havana, Kanda mula phala sevana, Swaadhyaaya and Tapas are the Vaana Prastha Dharmaas; Bhiksha bhojana, Mouna Vrata, Tapa, Samyakm Dhyaana or Composite worship of Deities, Samyak Jnaana and Vairagya or other worldliness are Sanyasa Dharrmas. Brahmachaari Dharmas include Bhiksha Bhojana, Guru Seva, Swaadhyaaya, Sandhyaa karma and Agni Karyas. While annotating Grihasta Dharma, Kurma

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Bhagavan clarified that sleeping with ones own wife-sujbect to specified qualifications was to be concerned as Brahmacharya itself : Rithu kaalaa bhigaamitwam Swadaareshu na chaanyatah, Parvarjyam Grihastasya Brahmacharyamudaa hritam/ Also, Kurma Deva proclaimed: Vedaabhyaasonvaham Shaktyaa Shraaddham chaatithi pujanam, Grihastasya Paro Dharma Devataabhyarchanam tathaa/ Trayaanaamaashramaanaam tu Grihastho yoniruchtatey, Anyey tamupajeevanti tasmaancchreyaan Grihaashrami/ (Grihasta Ashrama is considered the seed of the Four Ashramas and the most significant); more so, the Purusharthaas of human beings are Dharma-Artha-Kaama-Mokshaas and hence the importance of this Ashrama.) But the common requirements of all the Ashrams are: Kashamaa Damo Dayaa Daanamalobhastyaaga Eva cha, Aarjivam chaanasuya cha Tirthaanusaranam tathaa/ Satyam Santosha Aastikyam Shraddhaa chendriya nigrahah, Devataabhyarchanam Pujaa Brahmanaanaam Viseshitah/ Ahimsaa priyavaa ditwamapaishunyamakaltataa, Samaasikamimam Dharmam Chaturvarnerbraveen Manuh/ (Kshama or patience, Daya or compassion, Daada or charity, Alobha or non-greediness, Tyaga or sacrifice, Arjiva /softness of speech and behaviour, Anasuya or lack jealousy / large heartednesss; Tirtha Sevana, Satya or Truthfulness, Santosha or Happiness / contentment; Aastikata or Attachment to Vedas and Scriptures; Shraddha or devotion; Jitendriatwa or overcoming of Physical attractions; Deva Puja, Brahmana Puja, Ahimsa / Non-Violence, Madhura Bhashana or nice manner of conversation and Paapa Rahitya or general attitude of sinlessness). In fact the First Manu named Swayambhu Manu prescribed the above noble traits/ common features of all the Human Beings irrsepective of the Chaturvarnaas. Among Brahmacharis, there again are of two categories viz. Upakurvaan and Naishthika Brahma tatpara; Brahmacharis learn and recite Vedas and then enter into Grihastaashrama are called Upakuyravaans while those who always remained with Guru are called Naishtika Brahmacharis. Again Grihastis are of two kinds viz. Udaaseenas and Saadhakaas; the former Grihastis lead a virtuous life and simultaneously take up family responsibilities too are Sadhakas; while those who leave away the Pitruruna, Devaruna, Rishiruna besides leave family, money and social obligations and remain targetted only at Moksha are Udaseenas. Likewise, Sanyasis are of three categories: Jnaana Sanyasis or those Veda Sanyasis or Bhoutika Sanyasis;

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Bhoutika Sanyasis in which Bhavana is important, while Veda Sanyasis are of Sankhya or Yoga practitioners; and Karma Sanyasis or the performer of the prescribed karmas or deeds. Singularity of Tri Murthis: Depending on the emphasis of the Satwa-Rajas-Tamasa Gunas of the Eternal and Unique Paramatma, three Murtis were formed as Brahma-Vishnu and Maheshwara: Tistrastu Murtayah prokta Brahma Vishnu Maheswaraah, Rajah Satwa Tamoyogaat Parasya Paramatmanah/ Anyonyayamanuraktaastey hyanonyamupa jeevinah, Anyonyam pranataashchaiva leelayaa Parameshvaraah/ Braahmi Maaheshwari chaiva tathaivaakshara bhavanaa, Tristrastu Bhavana Rudrey vartantey satatam Dwijaah/ Pravartatey mayyajastramaadyaa chaakshara bhaavanaa, Dwitiya Brahmanah proktraa Devasyaakshara bhaavanaa/ Aham chaiva Maha Devo na bhinnou paramaarthatah, Vibhajya swecchhayaatmaanam sontaraameshwarah sthitah/ Ttrailokya makhilam Srushtim Sadevaasura maanushaam, Purushaha Paratovyaktaad Brahmatwam samupamagat/ Tasmaad Brahmaa Mahadevo Vishnurvishweshvarah Parah, Ekaikssyaiva Smritaastitrastanuh Karyavashaat Prabho/ Tasmaat sarva prayatnena Vandyaah Pujyaah prayatnatah, Yadicchedachiraat sthaanam yattanmokshaakhya mavyayam/ (Paramatma materialised Trimurtis on the basis of Satwa-Rajo-Tamo Gunas for the three basic responsibilities of Srishti-Sthiti-Samhara; the Three Profiles are dependent on each other, transferable to each other, interested and involved with each other in fulfilling their tasks; they also greet each other, exchange and also supplement each others thoughts and deeds. Indeed they are indivisible. Also, Rudra is interactive with the inherent thoughts of Brahmi, Maheswari and Akshara / Vaishnavi. From his side said Bhagavan Vishnu / Kurma Deva that the thoughts of Akshara were spontaneous and of the second Letter of the word Akshara denoted Brahmi and so on. As far as Vishnu and Maheshwara were concerned there indeed was no duplication whatsoever. They were mutually and freely exchangeable, divisible yet wholly singular, mystifying and confusing and were indeed one and the same. It was the same Swarupa of Bhagavan who was like all the three who were close-knit! Indeed all three Murtis are worthy of worship and thus the need for attaining any one of them is similar to realise them all.

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Brahma Srishti and Pancha Sargas Even as he thought of Srishti, Brahma created darkness involuntarily and as the variations of the darkness, five Avidyas occurred viz. Tamas, Moha, Maha Moha, Tamishra and Andha. With meditation in favour of Paramatma, Brahma then visioned a Seed-like Formation of a Five-divisioned Entity surrounded by darkness viz. Prakasha or Jnaana, Stambha or Jada, Sagjna vihina or Chetana vihina, Naga or Stationary or Immobile like Mountains and Trees and Mukhya or the Principal, thus providing broad hints of Mukhya Sarga to Brahma about the kind of Srishti that he could take up; even while taking the pointers or suggestions, Brahma also thought of another category of Srishti viz. Tiryagsrota or of Pashu-Pakshi Srishti. These types of Srishti did not greatly impress Brahma and therefore resorted to Deva Sarga in which the features of happiness and contentment predominated. After further meditation, Brahma realised that there should be an Arvaakstrota Srishti of Human Beings with a mix of Rajasa-Tamasa Gunas with some Satwa Guna as well and thus launched Manushya Sarga. This was followed by Bhuta Sarga in which the Creations would not possess capacity to acquire but give away. Thus there were Five Sargas viz. Mukhya, Tiryagsrota, Deva, Manusha and Bhutadi. Thus Brahmas Mahat Sarga comprised the categories upto Manusha Sarga; Bhuta Sarga was followed as the Second Sarga while the Third was that of Vaikarika / Aindriyaka Sarga; all these Sargas were considered as Abuddhipurvaka or Unintentional. Then followed Buddhi Purvaka (Deliberate) Srishti and Brahma begot Manasa Putras viz. Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana, Rijhu, and Sanatkumara all of whom being Yogis, Parama Vairaagis, and Ishwara Bhaktas who did not further the Creative Deeds. Despite continued Tapas, Brahma had to wait long, got frustrated and out of his eye drops mingled with anger were materialised from his frown the Rudra Rupa called Nilalohita and ten additional Swarupas ( Bhava, Sharva, Ishana, Pashupati, Bheema, Ugra, Mahadeva, Ekapaada, Ahirbhudani, Hara). Brahma continued Srishiti of Jala, Agni, Antariksha, Aakaasha, Vaayu, Prithvi; Nadi, Samudra, Parvata, Vriksha,Vanaspati as also Time-Units l ike Lava, Kashtha, Kalaa, Muhurtha, Dina-Ratra, Paksha, Maasa, Ayana, Varsha and Yugas. He then created Marichi from his eyes; Bhrigu from his hridaya or heart; Angira from his head; Pulastya from his Udana Vayu; Pulaha from hisVyaana Vayu; Kratu from Brahmas Shanta Swabhava; Daksha from his Prana Vayu; Atri from his ears, Vasishtha from his Samaana Vaayu; Dharma from Vyavasaaya; and Sankalpa from his Sankalpa or Proposition. Brahma created from his Eastern Face the Gayatri Chhanda, Rigveda, Trivrutsama, Rathantara (Saama) and Agnishtoma among Yagnaas; from his Southern face, he produced Yajurveda, Rishabh Chhanda, Trishthap Chhanda, Pancha dasha Stoma, Brihat Saama and Uktha; from his Western Face, Brahma evolved Sama Veda, Jagati Chhanda, Saptadasha Stoma, Vairupa and Atiratra Yagjna; from his Northern face, Brahma materialised twenty one branches of Atharva Veda, Anushthup Chhanda, Aaptoryaama and Vairaja Yagnas. He created Devatas, Rishis, Pitaras and Manushyas; Yaksha, Pishacha, Gandharava, Apsaras, Kinnaras, Rakshasaas, Pakshi-Mriga-Pashu-and Sarpas. As there was a mixed factor of Dharma and Adharma across the Srishti attempted so far- and more over since the speed of Srishti did not gain momentum- Brahma divided his physique into two Parts: one as Purusha and another as Stree (woman); the latter was named Shata Rupa replete with JnaanaVigjnaana and was married to Brahma Putra Swayambhuva Manu. Shata Rupa and Swayambhu gave birth to Priyavrata and Uttanapaada as also two daughters Prasuti and Akriti. Prasuti got married to Daksha Prajapati and Akriti was wedded to Ruchi Prajapati. The latter gave birth to Yagjna and

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Dakshina while Daksha and Prasuti gave birth to twenty four daughters viz. Shraddha, Lakshmi, Dhruti, Tushti, Pushti, Medha, Kriya, Buddhi, Lajja, Vapu, Shanti, Siddhi and Kirti besides Khyaati, Sati, Sambhuti, Smriti, Preeti, Kshama, Santati, Anasuya, Urga, Swaha and Swadha. Devi Mahatmya: Sati and Parvati Rupas and Himavans Stuti to Parvati (Devi Sahasra naama stotra included) Bhagavan Kurma who described to Munis that Brahma along with his Manasa Putras performed Parama Tapas or deep meditation. All of a sudden, Brahma experienced that Ishana Rudra appeared from his own face and commanded him to divide Rudra as Ardhanaareshwara. Accordingly, he divided Rudra into two halves as Prakriti and Purusha and the Purusha Swarupa was further divided as Ekadasha Rudras; Ekaadashaitey kathitaa Rudraastribhuvaneshwaraah, Kapaalishaadayo Vipraa Deva kaarye niyojitah/ Sowmyaasowmyaistathaa Shantaashantaih Streetwam cha sa Prabhuh, Vibheda Bahudhaa Devah Swarupairasitaih sitaih/ Taa vai Vibhutayo Vipraa Vishrutaah Shaktayo Bhuvi, Lakshmyaadayo yaabhireeshaa Vishvam Vyapnoti Shaankari/ Vibhajya punareeshaani swaatmaanam Shankaraad Vibhoh, Mahadeva niyogena Pitaamahamupasthitaa/ Taamaaha Bhagavaan Brahmaa Dakshasya duhitaa bhava, Saapi tasya niyogena praaduraaseet Prajaapateyh/ (Kapaali, Isha and the other Rudras were appointed in various responsibilities of Tribhuvanas; Mahadeva got materialised into many Swarupas as Sowmya and Roudra (Peaceful and Fiery), Shanta and Ashanta (Placid and Violent) and Sweta and Krishna Rupas (White and Black) of Stree Bhagas or of Feminine Forms. These Vibhutisor counterpart Shaktis as in the Form of Lakshmi for Vishnu were popular already and Shankara Shakti was already called as Ishaani. As instructed by Maha Deva, she approached Brahma and asked him to let her be the daughter of Daksha Prajapati). That was how Daksha was instructed by Brahma to become Dakshayani or Sati Devi and wed Rudra Deva. In course of time, Daksha Prajapati performed a huge Yagna notoriously named as Daksha Yagna to which Maha Deva did not invite Parama Shiva and an uninvited Sati Devi felt humiliated that her Swami was insulted as he was denied his due in the Yagna and self- immolated in the Homa-Kunda. She assumed the reborn Swarupa as Himavati the daughter of Himavan and Maina Devi subsequently. As Maharshis asked Kurma Deva about the background of Bhagavati called by several names as Ardhanaareeshwari, Sati, Haimavati and so on, Kurma Deva replied: Saamkhyaanaam paramam shaankhyam Brahmavijnaanamuttamam, Samsaaraarnavamagnaanaam jantunaameka mochanam/ Yaa sa Maaheshwari Shaktirjnaana rupaati laalasaa, Vyoma sangjnya Paraa kaashthaa seyam Haimavati mataa/ Shivaa Sarvagataanantaa Gunaateetaa Sunishkalaa, Ekaaneka vibhaagasthaa Jnaana rupaati laalasaa/ (She is the embodiment of Parama Sankhya Shastra called Tatwa Jnaana or the Brahma Jnaana; she is one definite and unique means of Sadhanaor Facility tide over the Samasara and accomplish Mukti. She is the Janaa Swarupa of Maheswara, his Icchaa Rupa or of the Most Desirable Form, Paraakashtha Rupa or the Highest Reachable, the Maheshwari Shakti known as Haimavati, the Sarva

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Vyapata, Ananta, and Gunaateeta, the Unique Jnaana Rupa and Shiva / Mangala daayani.) She is the possessor of Four Shaktis named Shanti, Vidya, Pratishtha and Nivrutti and thus is appropriately called Chaturvyuhaatmaka. She is the symbol of Jnaana Shakti, Kriya Shakti, and Prana Shakti; Anandaaksharam Brahma Kevalam Nishkalam param, Yoginastat prapashyanti Maha Devyaah param padam/ Paratparam tatwam shaaswatam Shivamachyutam, Ananta Prakrutou leenam Devyaastat paramam padam/ Shubham Niranjanam Shuddham Nirgunam Dwaitavarjitam, Atmopalabhdhi vishayam Devyaastad Paramam padam/ Tasmaad vimuktimavicchan Parvatih Parameshwarim, Ashrayet Sarva bhaavaanaatma bhutaam Shivaatmikaam/ (Yogis are always engaged in meditating the Swarupa of Maha Devi who is Anandamaya (full of Happiness), Avinaashi (Indestructible), Brahma Rupa, Adviteeya (Unparalleled) and Bhedarahita (Unique). Devis supreme existence is beyond existence and is of Tatwa Rupa, Sanatana (Ageless), Shivam or Kalyanakari; Achyutam (Everlasting), Shubham (Propitious), Niranjanam or Epitome of Shiva; Shuddham (Spotless), Dwaitarahitam or Singular; and Atma Jnaana Vishaya. Hence, all those immersed in the efforts of accomplishing Moksha need to mobilise their complete energies unto Himavati Devi). As Devi Jagadamba appeared before Himavan and confirmed that she would soon take birth as his daughter, the latter requested her to reveal her real identity. She did so and he was frightened and shaken up; he was motionless to start with and gradually recovered his senses to visualise her Swarupa: Koti Surya prateekasham Tejo bimbam Niraakuklam, Jwaalaamaalaa Sahasraadhyam Kaalaanala shatopamam/ Damshtraa karaalam Durdhrasham Jataamandala manditam, Trishula Varahastam cha ghora rupam Bhayanakam/ While Himavan witnessed a Koti Surya Tejo Bimbam, with thousands of strings of flames, protruding damshtras, Jataamandalaas, Trishula hastaas and a frightfully weird face, he was non-plussed but gradually witnessed the Devi as: Prashantam Sowmya Vadanamanantaascharya samyutam, Chandraavayavalakshanaam Chandra koti Samaprabham/

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(Peaceful, equable, soft and relaxed and as cool and resplendent as koti Chandraas). Looking at both the demeanors that were at once grotesque and at the same time charming and pleasant, Himavan held his breath with panic and reassurance and recited Omkara incessently and grasped into spontaneous commendation with a Sahasra naama as follows: Devi Bhagavati Sahasranaama: Shivoma Paramaa Shaktiranantaa Nishkalaamalaa, Shantaa Maaheswari Nityaa Shaswati Parama-akshara/ Achintyaakevalaanantyaa Shivaatmaa Paramaatmika, Anaadiravyayaa Shuddaa Devaatmaa Saravagaachalaa/ Ekaaneka vibhaagastha Mayaatita Sunirmala, Mahaa Maaheswari Satyaa Maha Devi Niranjanaa/ Kaashthaa Sarvaantarasthaa cha Chicchakti Rati laalasaa, Nandaa Sarvaatmikaa Vidyaa Jyorirupaamrutaakshara/ Shaantih Pratishthaa Sarveshaam Nivruttiramrutapradaa, Vyoma Murtiryomalayaa Vyomaadhaaraachyutaamaraa/ Anaadhinidhanaamoghaa Karanaatmaa Kalaakala, Kratuh Prathamajaa naabhiramrutasyaatma samshrayaa/ Praaneshwarapriyaa Maataa Mahaa Mahisha ghaatini, Praaneshwari Praana Rupaa Pradhaana Purusheshwari/ Sarva Shakti Kalaakaaraa Jyotsnaa Dhourmahimaaspadaa, Sarva kaarya niyantricha Sarva Bhuteshwareshwari/ Anaadiravyakta guhaa Mahaanandaa Sanaatani, Akaashaayoniryogasthaa Mahaa Yogeshwareshwari/ Mahamaaya Sudushpura Mulaprakritireeshewari, Samsaara yonih Sakalaa Sarva Shakti samudbhavaa/ Samsaarapaaraa Durvaaraa Durnireekshaa Duraasadaa, Praana Shaktih Praanavidyaa Yogini Paramaakalaa/ Maha Vibhutirdurdharshaa Mula Prakriti Sambhavaa,

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Anaadyananta vibhavaa Paraarthaa Purushaaranih/ Sargasthintyantakarani Sudurvaachyaa Duratyaya, Shabdayonih Shabdamayi Naadaakhyaa Naada Vigrahaa/ Pradhaana Purushaateeta Pradhaana Purushaatmika, Puraani Chinmayi Pumsaamaadih Purusha Rupini/ Bhutaantaraatmaa Kutasthaa Mahaa Purusha Sanjitaa, Janma mrityu jaraatitaa Sarva Shakti samanvitaa/ Vyaapini chaanavacchinna Pradhaanaanupraveshini, Kshetrajna Shaktiravayakta Lakshanaa Malavarjitaa/ Anaadi Maayaa Sambhinna Tritatwaa Prakritirguhaa, Mahaa Maayaa Samutpanna Taamasi Pourushi Dhruvaa/ Vyaktaavyaktaatmikaa Krishnaa Raktaa Shuklaa Prasutikaa, Akaaryaa Karya Janani Nityam Prasava Dharmini/ Sarga Pralaya Nirmuktaa Srishtisthith-yanta Dharmini, Brahmagarbhaa Chaturvimshaa Padmanaabhaachuyaatmika/ Vaidyuti Shashvati Yonirjagnmaateshwara priya, Sarvaadhaara Mahaarupaa Sarvaishvarya samanvitaa/ Vishwarupaa Mahaa Garbhaa Vishvesecchaanuvartini, Maheeyasi Brahmayonir mahalakshmi samudbhavaa/ Mahaa Vimaana madhyastaa Mahaa nidraatma hetukaa, Sarva Saadhaarani Sukshmaahyavidyaa Paaramaarthikaa, Ananta Rupaanantasthaa Devi Purusha Mohini/ Anekaakaara Samsthaanaa Kaalatraya vivarjitaa, Brahma janmaa Hareymurtir Brahma Vishnu Shivaatmikaa/ Brahmesha Vishnu Janani Brahmaakhyaa Brahma samshrayaa, Vyaktaa Prathamajaa Braahmi Mahati Jnaana Rupini/ Vairaagaishwarya Dharmaatmaa Brahma murti hridi sthitaa,

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Apaamyonih Swayambhutirmaanasi Tatwasambhavaa/ Ishwaraanicha Sharvaani Shankaraardha Sharirini, Bhavaani chaiva Rudraani Mahaa Lakshmirathaambikaa/ Maheshwara Samutpannaa Bhakti Mukti Phalapradaa, Sarveshwari Sarva Vandya Nityam Muditamaanasaa/ Brahmendropendra namitaa Shankarecchaanuvartini, Ishwaraardhaasanagataa Maheshwara Pativrataa/ Sakrudvibhaavitaa Sarvaa Samudra parisoshini, Parvati Himavanputri Paramaananda- daayani/ Gunaadhyaa Yogajaa Yogya Jnaana Murtirvikaasini, Savitri Kamalaa Lakshmih Shriranantorasisthitaa/ Sarojanilayaa Mudraa Yoginidraa Suraardrini, Sarasvati Sarva Vidyaa Jagajjeshthaa Sumangalaa/ Vaagdevi Varadaa Vaachyaa Keertih Sarvaartha Saadhikaa, Yogeswari Brahma Vidyaa Maha Vidyaa Sushobhanaa/ Guhyavidyaatmavidyaa cha Dharmavidya -atma bhaavitaa, Swaaha Vishwambharaa Siddhih Swadhaa Medhaa Dhrutih Shrutih/ Neetih Suneetih Sukrutirmaadhavi Naravaahini, Ajaa Vibhaavari Sowmyaa Bhogini Bhogadaayani/ Shobhaa Vamshakari Lolaa Maalini Parameshthini, Trailokya Sundari Ramyaa Sundari Kaamachaarini/ Mahaanubhaavaa Satvasthaa Mahaa Mahisha Mardini, Padmamaalaa Paapaharaa Vichitraa Mukutaanana/ Kaantaa Chitraambaradharaa Divyaabharana Bhushitaa, Hamsaakhyaa Vyomanilaya Jagatsrushti Vivardhini/ Niryantraa Yantravaahasthaa Nanidini Bhadra Kaalikaa, Adityavarnaa Koumari Mayura vara Vaahini/

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Vrishaasanagataa Gouri Maha kaali Suraarchita, Aditirniyataa Roudri Padmagarbhaa Vivaahanaa/ Virupaakshi Lelihaanaa Mahaapuranivaasini, Mahaaphalanavadyaangi Kaamapuraa Vibhaavari/ Vichitraratna Makutaa Pranaataatirprabhanjani, Koushiki Karshani Raatris-tridashaartirvinaashini/ Bahurupaa Surupaa cha Virupaa Rupavarjitaa, Bhaktaarthishamani Bhavyaa Bhava Bhaava Vinaashini/ Nirgunaa Nityavibhavaa Nissraaraa Nirapatrapaa, Yashaswini Saamagatir bhavaanga Nilayaalayaa/ Dikshaa Vidyaadhari Deeptaa Mahendravinipaatini, Sarvaatishaayani Vidyaa Sarva Siddhi Pradaayani/ Sarveshwara Priyaa Taarkshyaa SamudraantaraVaasini, Akalankaa Niraadhaaraa Nityasiddhaa Niraamayaa/ Kamadhenur bruhad garbhaa Dheemati Mohanaashini, Nissankalpaa Niraatangkaa Vinayaa Vinayapradaa/ Jwaalaamaalaa Sahasraadhyaa Deva Devi Manonmani, Maha Bhagavati Durgaa Vaasudeva samudbhavaa/ Mahendropendra Bhagini Bhaktigamyaa Paraavaraa, Jnaanajneyaa Jaraatitaa Vedaanta Vishayaa gatih/ Dakshina Dahanaa Daahyaa Sarvabhuta Namaskritaa, Yogamaayaa Vibhaavagjnaa Mahaa Maayaa Maheeyasi/ Sandhyaa Sarva Samudrabhutir Brahma Vrikshaashrayaanatih, Beejaankura Samudbhutir Mahaa Shaktir Mahaa Matih/ Khyaatih Pragjnaachitih Samvit Mahaa Bhogeendra shaayini, Vikrutih Shaankaari Shaastri Ganagandharwa sevitaa/ Vaishwaanari Mahaashaalaa Devasenaa Grihapriyaa,

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Mahaa Raatrih Shivaanandaa Shachiduhswapna naashani/ Ijyaa Pujyaa Jagaddhaatri Durvigjneyaa Surupini, Guhaambikaa Gunotpattirmahaa peethaa Marutsutaa/ Havyavaahanaantaraagaadih Havyavaaha Samudbhavaa, Jagaryonirjaganmaataa Janma Mrityu Jaaraatigaa/ Buddhimaataa Buddhimati Purushaantara vaasini, Taraswini Samaadhisthaa Trinetraa Divi Samsthitaa/ Sarvendrayamano Maataa Sarva Bhuta Hridisthitaa, Samsaarataarini Vidyaa Brahmavaadimanolayaa/ Brahmaani Brihati Braahmi Brahma bhutaa Bhavaaranih, Hiranmayi Mahaa Rraatrih Samsaara Parivartikaa/ Sumaalini Surupaacha Bhaavini Taarini Prabhaa, Unmeelini Sarvasahaa Sarva Pratyaya Saakshini/ Susoumyaa Chandra Vadanaa Taandavaasakta Maanasaa, Satwa Shuddhikari Shuddhirmalatraya Vinaashini/ Jagatpriyaa Jaganmurtirs Trimurtiramritaashraya, Niraashrayaa Niraahaaraa Nirankuravanodbhavaa/ Chandrahastaa Vichitraangistragvini Padmahaarivi, Paraavara Vidhaanajna Maha Purusha Purvajaa/ Vidyeshwara Priyaa Vidyaa Vidyd- jjihvaa Jitashramaa, Vidyaamayi Sahasraakshi Sahasra Vadanaatmajaa/ Sahasra Rashmihi Satvasthaa Maheshwara padaashrayaa, Ksaalini Sanmayi Vyaaptaa Taijasi Padma bhodikaa/ Mahaa Maayaashrayaa Maanyaa Mahadeva Manorama, Vyoma Lakshmih Simharathaa chekitaanaamita Prabhaa/ Veereshwari Vimaanasthaa Vishokaa Shokanaashini, Anaahataa Kundalini Nalini Padma Vaasini/

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Sadaanandaa Sadaa Keertih Sarva Bhutaashrayasthitaa, Vaagdevataa Brahmakalaa Kalaateetaa Kalaaranih/ Brahmashri Brahma Hridayaa Brahma Vishnu Shiva Priyaa, Vyomashaktih Kriyaashaktir Jnaana Shaktih Paraagatih/ Kshobhikaa Bandhikaa Bhedyaa Bhedaabheda Vivarjitaa, Abhinnaabhinna Samthaanaa Vamshini Vamsha haarini/ Guhyashaktirgunaatitaa Savadaa Sarvatomukhi, Bhagini Bhagavatpatni Sakalaa Kaalakaarini/ Sarvavit Sarvatobhadraa Guhyaatitaa Guhaaranih, Prakriyaa Yogamaataa cha Gangaa Vishveshvareshwari/ Kapilaa Kaapilaa Kaantaa Kanakaabhaa Kalaantaraa, Punyaa Pushkarini Bhoktri Purandara purassaraa/ Poshani Paramaishwarya Bhutaadi bhutahushanaa, Pancha Brahma Samutpattih Paramaardhaartha Vigrahaa/ Dharmodayaa Bhaanumati Yogigjneyaa Manojava, Manoharaa Mano Rakshaa Taapasi Veda Rupini/ Vedashaktir Veda Maataa Veda Vidyaa Prakaashini, Yogeshwa -reshwari Maataa Mahaa Shaktirmanomayi/ Vishwaavasthaa Vinirmurtir Vidyunmaalaa Vihaayasi, Kinnnari Surabhi Vandyaa Nandini Nandivallabhaa/ Bharati Paramaanandaa Paraapara Vibhedikaa, Sarvapraharanopetaa Kaamyaa Kaameshwareshwari/ Achintyaachintya Vibhavaa Hrillekhaa Kanakaprabhaa, Kushmaandi Dhanaratnaadhyaa Sugandaa Gandha daayani/ Trivikrama Padodbhutaa Dhanushpaanih Shivodayaa, Sudurlabhaa Dhanaadhyakshaa Dhanyaa Pingala Lochanaa/ Shaantih Prabhaavatih Deeptih Pankajaayata Lochana,

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Aadyaahridkamalodbhutaa Gavaam Maataa Ranapriyaa/ Satkriyaa Girijaa Shuddhaa Nitya Pushtaa Nirantaraa, Durgaa Katyaayani Chandi Charchikaa Shanta Vigrahaa/ Hiranya Varnaa Rajani Jagadyantra pravartikaa, Mandaraadri Nivaasaacha Shaaradaa Swarna Maalini/ Ratnamaalaa Ratnagarbhaa Prithvi Vishwa pramaathini, Padmaananaa Padmanibha Nitya Tushtaamritodbhava/ Dhunvati duh Prakampyaacha Surya Maataa Drushadvati, Mahendra Bhagini Maanyaa Varenyaa Varadarpitaa/ Kalyaani Kamalaa Raamaa Pancha Bhutaa Varapradaa, Vaadyaa Vareshwari Vandyaa Durjayaa Duratikramaa/ Kaalaraatrir Maha Vegaa Virabhadrapriya Hitaa, Bhadrakaalir Jaganmaataa Bhaktaanaam Bhadradaayini/ Karaala Pingalaakaaraa Naama Bhedaa Mahaamadaa, Yashashvini Yashodaacha Shadhadhwa parivartikaa/ Shankhini Padmini Sankhyaa Sankhyaa Yoga Pravartika, Chaitra Samvatsaraarudhaa Jagat Sampuranindrijaa/ Shumbhaarih Khechari Swasthaa Kambugrivaa Kalipriya, Khagadhwajaa Khagaa Roodha Paraarthyaa Paramalini/ Ishwarya Vartmanilahyaa Viraktaa Garudaasana, Jayanti Hriduhaa Ramyaa Gahvareshtaa Ganaagranih/ Sankalpa Siddhaa Saamyasthaa Sarva Vijnaadayani, Kalikalmasha Hantri cha Guhyopa nishaduttamaa/ Nishtha Drushthih Smritirvyaaptih Pushthistushtih Kriyaavati, Vishwaamareshvarey- shaanaa Bhuktirmuktih Shivaamritaa/ Lohitaa Sarpamaalaacha Bhishani Vanamaalini, Anantashaya-naanyaa Naranaaraayanodbhava/

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Nrisimhi Daityamathani Shankachakra gadaadharaa, Sankarshana Samutpattirambikaa paada samshrayaa, Mahaajjwaalaa Mahaa Murtih Sumurtih Sarva kaama dhruk/ Suprabhaa Sustanaa Gauri Dharma Kaamaartha Mokshadaa/ Bhrumadhya nilayaa Purvaa Puraana Purushaaranih, Maha Vibhutidaa Madhyaa Saroja nayano samaa/ Ashtaadasha Bhujaanaadyaa Nilotpaladala Prabhaa, Sarva Shaktyaasanaarudhaa Dharmaadharma Vivarjitaa/ Vairaagya Jnaana Nirataa Niraalokaa Nirindriyaa, Vichitra Gahanaadhaaraa Shaswatasthaana Vaasini/ Sthaaneshwari Niraanandaa Trishula vara dhaarini, Asesha Devataa Murtidevataa Varadevataa, Ganaambikaa Gireh Putri Nishumbha vinipaatini/ Avarnaa Varna ahitaa Nivarnaa Beeja sambhavaa, Anantavarnaarnanya -stathaa Shankari Shanta Maanasa/ Agotraa Gomati Goptri Guhyarupaa Gunottaraa, Gouh Geeh Gavyapriyaa Gouni Ganeshwara Namaskrutaa/ Satyamaatraa Satya Sandhaa Trisandhyaa Sandhivarjitaa, Sarva Vaadaashrayaa Sankhyaa Saankhya Yoga Samudbhavaa/ Asankhyeya prameyaakhyaa Shunyaa Shuddha Kulodbhava, Bindu naada samutpattih Shambhu vaamaa Shashiprabhaa/ Visangaa Bhedarahitaa Manojnaa Madhusudani, Mahaa Shrih Samutpattistamah Paarey Pratishthitaa/ Tritatwa maataa Trividhaa Sushuksma padasamshrayaa, Shantyatitaa Malaatitaa Nirvikaaraa Niraashrayaa/ Shivaakhyaa Chitta Nilayaa Shiva Jnaana Swarupini, Daitya Daanava Nirmaatri Kaashyapi Kaalkalpikaa/

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Shaastrayonih Kriyaamurthischaturvarga Pradarashikaa, Naaraayani Narodbhutih Kaumudi Linga dhaarini/ Kaamuki Lalithaa Bhaavaa Paraapara Vibhutidaa, araanta jaata mahimaa Badavaa Vaama Lochanaa/ Subhadraa Devaki Sitaa Veda Vedaanga paaragaa, Manaswini Manyumaataa Mahaa Manyu Samudbhavaa/ Amrityuramritaa Swaahaa Puruhutaa Purushtutaa, Ashocchyaa Bhinna Vishyaa Hiranyarajatapriyaa/ Hiranyaa Raajati Haimi Hemaabharana bhushitaa, Vibhraajamaanaa Durjayaa Jyotishtoma phalapradaa/ Maha Nidraa Samudbhudabhutiranidraa Satya Devataa, Deerghaa Kakudyuni Hridyaa Shaantidaa Shaantivardhini/ Lakshmyaadi Shaktijanani Shakti Chakra pravartikaa, Trishakti Janani Janyaa Shadmuparivarjitaa/ Sudhaamaa Karmakarani Yugaananta Dahanaatmikaa, Samkarshini Jagaddhaatri Kaamayonih Kiritini/ Aindri Trailokya Namitaa Vaishnavi Parameshwarih, Pradyumna Dayitaa Daantaa Yugma drishtistrilochanaa/ Madotkataa Hamsagatih Prachandaa Chandi Vikramaa, Vrishaa Veshaa Viyanmaataa Vindhya Parvata Vaashini/ Himavan Meru Nilaya Kailaasa Giri Vaasini, Chaanura hantru tanayaa Nitigjnaaa Kaama Rupini/ Veda Vidyaa Vratasnaataa Dharma Sheelanilaashanaa, Vira -bhadra Priyaa Veeraa Mahaa Kaala Samudbhavaa/ Vidyaadhara Priyaa Siddhaa Vidyaadhara Niraakritih, Adyaayani Haranti cha Paavani Poshani Khilaa/ Maatrukaa Manodbhutaa Vaarijaa Vaahana Priya,

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Kareeshini Sudhaavaani Veenaa Vaasana Tatparaa/ Sevitaa Sevika Cinivaali Gurut mati, Arundhati Hiranyaakshi Mrigaangaa Maana Daayavi/ Vasudpradaa Vasumati Vasordhaara Vasundharaa, Dhaaraa dhaara Varaarohaa Varaavara Sahasradaa/ Shriphalaa Shrimati Shreeshaa Shrinivaasaa Shivapriyaa, Shridhara Shrikari Kalyaa Shridhaaraardha Sharirini/ Ananta Drushti rakshudraa Dhaatrisha Dhanadapriya, Nihantri Daityanandhaanaam Simhikaa Simhavaahanaa/ Sushenaa Chandranilayaa Sukeertiscchinna Samshayaa, Rasagjnaa Rasadaa Raamaa Lelihaanaamrita-strava/ Nityoditaa Swayamjyotirutsukaa Mritajeevani, Vajradandaa Vajra jihvaa Vaidehi Vajra Vigrahaa/ Mangalyaa Mangalaa Maalaa Malinaa Malahaarini, Gaandharvi Gaarudi Chaandri Kambalaashwitara Priyaa/ Soudaamini Janaanandaa Bhrukuti Kutilaananaa, Karnikaarakaraa Kakshyaa Kamsa praanaapahaarini/ Yugandharaa Yugaavartaa Trisandhyaa Harshavardhini, Pratyakshadevataa Divyaa Divyagandhaa Divaaparaa/ Shakraasanagataa Shaakri Saadwi Naari Shavaashanaa, Ishtaa Visishtaa Shishteshtaa Shishtaashishta prapujitaa/ Shatarupaa Shataavartaa Vinataa Surabhih Suraa, Surendramaataa Sudyumna Sushumnaa Suryasamshitaa/ Samikshya Satpratishtha cha Nivritti Jnaana Paaragaa, Dharma Shastraartha Kushalaa Dharmajnaa Dharma Vaahana/ Dharmaadhaavinirmaatri Dhaarmikaanaam Shivaprada, Dharmashaktirdharmamayi Vidharmaa Vishwadharmini/

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Dharmaantaraa Dharmnamedhaa Dharmapurvaa Dhanaavahaa, Dharmopadeshti Dharmaatmaa Dharmagamyaa Dharaadharaa/ Kaapaali Shaakalaa Murtih Kalaa Kalita Vigrahaa, Sarvashakti Vinirmuktaa Sarva Shaktaashrayaashrayaa/ Sarvaa Sarveshwari Sukshmaa Susukshmaa Jnaanarupini, Pradhaana Purushesheshaa Mahaa Devaika Sameekshini, Sadaa Shivaa Viyanmurtir Vishwamurtiramurtikaa/ (Devi Bhagavati! You are Shiva, Uma, Paraa Shakti, Ananta, Nishkala, Amala, Shantaa, Maheswari, Nitya, Shashvati, Paramaakshara, Achintya, Kevala, Anantyaa, Shivatmika, Paramatmika, Anaadi, Avyaya, Shuddha, Devatmika, Sarvaga, Achala, Eka, Vividha Rupa, Mayaatita, Sunirmala, Maha Maheshwari, Satya, Maha Devi, Niranjana, Kaashthaa, Sarva Hridyayastha, Chetanaa Shakti Rupa, Atilaalasa or of Extreme Desire; Nanda, Sarvatmika, Vidya, Jyoti Rupa, Amritaakshara, Shanti, Pratishtha, Nivrutti, Amrita Prada, Vyoma Murti, Vyomalaya, Vyomaadhaara, Achuyta, Amara, Anadi nidhana, Amogha, Kaaranaatmika, Kala, Akala, Kratu, Pradhamaja, Amrita naabhi, Atma Samshraya, Praneshwarapriya, Mataa, Maha Mahisha Ghaatini, Praaneshwari, Praana rupa, Pradhaana Purusheswari, Sarva Shakti Kalaakaara, Jyotsna, Akasha Rupa, Mahimaspada, Sarva Kaarya niyantri, Sarva Bhuteshwari, Anaadi, Avyataguha, Mahananda, Sanatani, Akashayoni, Yogastha, Maha Yogeshwareshwari, Maha Maya, Sudhushpura, Mula Prakriti, Ishwari, Samsaarayoni, Sakala, Sarva Shakti Samudbhava, Samsaara Paaraa, Durvaara, Durnireeksha, Duraasadaa or difficult to Realise; Praana Shakti, Praana Vidya, Yogini, Paramaa, Kalaa, Maha Vibhuti, Durdharsha, Mula Prakriti Sambhava, Anaadyananta Vibhava, Paraartha, Purusharaini Purusha or Purusha performing AgniManthana; Saraga Sthitiryanta kaarini, Sudurvaacchaa, Duratyaya, Shabdayoni, Shabdamayi, Naadaakhyaa, Naada Vigraha, Pradhaana Purushaateeta, Pradhaana Purushatmika, Puraani, Chinmayi, Adi Swarupa Purusha, Purusha Rupini, Bhutaantaraatma, Kutasthaa, Maha Purusha Sanjnita, Janma Mrityu Jaraateeta, Sarva Shakti Samanvita, Vyaapini, Anivaancchinna, Pradhaananu Praveshini, Kshetrajna Shakti, Avyakta Lakshana, Mala Varjita, Anaadi Mayaa sambhinna or Anadi Maya Rupa; Tritatwa, Prakriti, Guha, Maha Mayaa Samutpanna, Taamasi, Pourushi, Dhruva, Vyaktaavyaktaatmika, Krishna, Raktaa, Shukla, Prasutika, Akaarya, Karyajanai, Nityaprasava dharmini, Sargapralaya nirmukta, Srishthisthityanta dharmini, Brahma garbha, Chaturvishaa or the Final of the Twenty Four Tatwaas; Padmanaabha, Achyutaatmika, Vaidyuti, Shaswati, Yoni or Mula Kaarini; Jagan Maata, Ishwarapriya, Sarvaadhaara, Maha Rupa, Sarvaishwarya samanvitaa, Vishwa Rupa, Maha Garbha, Visweshocchaanuvartini, Maheeyasi, Brahma Yoni, Maha Lakshmi Samud bhava, Maha Vimaana Madhyasta, Maha Nidra, Atmahetuka, Sarva Saadhaarani, Sukshma, Avidya, Paramaarthika, Anantarupa, Anantasthaa, Devi, Purusha Mohini, Anekaaraara samsthaanaa, Kaala traya vivarjita, Brahma Jnaanaa, Hara Murti, Brahma Vishnu Shivatmika, Brahmoshivavishnujanani, Brahmaakhya, Brahma samshraya, Vyaktaa, Prathamaja, Braahmi, Mahati, Jnaana rupini, Vairaagyaishwarya dharmaatmika, Brahma Murti, Hridiyastah, Apamyoni, Swayambhuti, Maanasi, Tatwa sambhava, Ishwarini, Sharvaani, Shankaraarthasharirini, Bhavani, Rudraani, Maha Lakshmi, Ambika, Maheshwara samutpanna, Bhaktimukti phalaprada, Sarveshwari, Sarva vandya, Nityamudita maanasa, Bhahmopendranamita, Shankarecchaanuvartini, Ishwaraardhasanagata, Maheshwara

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pativrata, Sakrudvibhavita, Sarva, Samudraparisoshini, Parvati, Himavatputri, Paramaananda daayini, Gunaadhyaa, Yogajaa, Yogya, Jnaana Murti, Vikaasini, Savitri, Kamala, Lakshmi, Shree, Vishnuhridaya sthita, Saroja nilaya, Mudra, Yoga Nidra, Asuraardini, Sarasvati, Sarva Vidya, Jagajjeshtha, Sumangala, Vagdevi, Varada, Vaachaya, Kirti, Sarvaartha saadhika, Yogishwari, Brahma Vidya, Maha Vidya, Sushobhana, Guhya Vidya, Atma Vidya, Dharma Vidya, Atmabhavita, Swaha, Shivambhara, Siddhi, Swadhaa, Medha, Dhruti, Shruti, Niti, Suniti, Sukruti, Madhavi, Nara vaahini, Aja, Vibhavari, Sowmya, Bhogini, Bhogadayini,Shobha, Vashamkari, Chanchala, Malini, Parameshthini, Trailokya Sundari, Ramya, Sundari, Kaamachaarini, Mahanubhava, Satwasttha, Maha Mahisha Mardini, Padmamaalaa, Paapahara, Vichitra, Mukutaanana, Kanta, Chitraambaradhara, Divyaabharana bhushita, Hamsaakhya, Vyomanilaya, Jagatsrishthi vivardhini, Niryantra, Yantra vaahastha, Nandini, Bhadrakalika, Adithya varna, Kaumari, Mayuravaravaahini, Vrishasanagata, Gauri, Mahakaali, Suraarchita, Aditi, Niyata, Roudri, Padmagarbha, Vivaahana, Virupaakshi, Lolihana, Mahapura nivaasini, Mahaphala, Anavadyangi, Kamarupa, Vichitraratnamakuta, Pranataarthi prabhanjani, Koushiki, Karshani, Raatri, Tridashaarti vinaashini, Bahurupa, Surupa, Virupa, Rupavarjita, Bhaktaarthi shamani, Bhavya, Bhavabhaava vinaashini, Nirguna, Nityavibhava, Nissaraa, Nirupatrapa, Yashaswini, Saamagiti, Bhavaanga nilayaalaya, Diksha, Vidydhari, Deepta, Mahendravinipatini, Sarvaatishayani, Vidya, Sarva Siddha pradaayini, Sarveshwara priya, Taarkshya, Samudraantara vaasini, Akalanka, Niraadhaara, Nityasiddhaa, Niraamaya, Kamadhenu, Vrishadgarbha, Dheemati, Mohanaashini, Nissankalpa, Niraatanka, Devadevi, Manonmani, Maha Bhagavati, Durha, Vaasudeva samudbhava, Mahendropendra bhagini, Bhakti gamya, Paraavara, Jnaanajneya, Jaraatita, Vedanta vishya, Gati, Dakshina, Dahana, Daahyaa, Sarva bhuta namaskruta, Yogamaayaa, Vibhaavajna, Maha Maya, Maheeyasi, Sandhyaa, Sarvasamudbhuti, Vrikshaavrikshashrayaanati, Beejankura samudbhuti, Maha Shakti, Mahamati, Khyaati, Pragjna, Chiti, Samvita, Maha Bhogindrashaayini, Vikruti, Shankari, Shastri, Gana gandharvasevita, Vaishwaanari, Mahaashaala, Devasena, Grihapriya, Maharaatri, Shivaananda, Shachi, Duhswapna naashini, Ijyaa, Pujya, Jagaddhaatri, Durvijneya, Swarupini, Guhaambika, Gunotpatti, Mahaapetha, Marutsuta, Havya vaahanaantagaadi, Havyavaaha samudbhava, Jagadyoni, Jaganmaata, Janmamritujaraatiga, Buddhimaataa, Buddhimati, Purushaantara vaasini, Taraswini, Samaadhistha, Trinetra, Divisamstita, Sarvendriyamanomaata, Sarva bhuta hridisthita, Samsaara taarini, Vidya, Brahmavaadi manolaya, Brahmaani, Brihati, Braahmi, Brahmabhuta, Bhavaarani, Hiranmayi, Mahaa ratri, Samsaara parivbartika, Sumaalini, Surupa, Bhavini, Taarini, Prabha, Unmeelani, Sarvasaha, Sarvapratyaya saakshini, Susowmya, Chandra vadana, Tandavaasakta maanasa, Satva shuddhikari, Shuddhi, Malatraya vinashini, Jagatpriya, Trimurti, Amritaashraya, Naraashraya, Niraahaara, Nirarankushanod bhava, Chandrahasta, Vichitraangi, Stragvini, Padmadhaarini, Paraavaravidhaanajna, Maha Purusha Purvaja, Vidyeshwarapriya, Vidya, Vidyujjihva, Jitashrama, Vidyaamayi, Sahasraakshi, Sahasra vadanaatmaja, Sahasra rashmi, Satvastha, Maheshwara padaashraya, Maanya, Mahadeva Manorama, Vyoma Lakshmi, Simharatha, Chekitaana, Amitaprabha, Veereshwari, Vimaanastha, Vishoka,Shoka naashini, Anaahata, Kundalini, Nalini, Padmavaasini, Sadaanandaa, Sadaakeerti, Sarva bhutaashraya sthita, Vaagdevata, Brahmakalaa, Kalaatita, Kalaarani, Brahmashri, Brahma hridaya, BrahmavishnuShivapriya, Vyomashakti, Kriya Shakti, Jnaana Shakti, Paraagati, Kshobhika, Bandhika, Bhedya, Bhedaabheda vivarjita, Abhinna, Abhinna samsthaana, Vamshini, Vamsha haarini, Guhya Shakti, Gunaatita, Sarvada, Sarvato mukhi, Bhagini, Bhagavatpatni, Sakala, Kaala kaarini, Sarvavit, Sarvatobhadra, Guhyaatita, Guhaarani, Prakriya, Yoga maata, Ganga, Vishveshwareshwari, Kapila, Kaapila, Kanta, Kanakaabha, Kalaantara, Punya, Pushkarini, Bhokti, Purandara purassara, Poshani, Paramaishwarya bhutida, Bhuti bhushana, Panchabrahma samutpatti, Paramaarthaartha vigraha,

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Dharmodaya, Bhanumati, Yogijneya, Manohara, Manojava, Manoraksha, Taapasi, Veda Rupini, Veda Shakti, Vedamata, Veda vidyaa prakaashini, Yogeshwareshwari, Maata, Maha Shakti, Manomayi, Vishwaavastha, Viyanmurti, Vidyunmaala, Vihaayasi, Kinkari, Surabhi, Vandya, Nandini, Nandi vallabha, Bharati, Paramaananda, Paraapara vibhedika, Sarva praharanotpeta, Kaamya, Kameshwareshwari, Achintya, Achintya vibhava, Hrillekha, Kanakaprabha, Kushmaandi, Dhana ratnaadhya, Sugandha, Gandha dayini, Trivikrama padodbhuta, Dhanushpaani, Shivodaya, Sudurlabha, Dhanaadhyaksha, Dhanya, Pingala lochana, Shanti, Prabhavati, Deepi, Pankajaayata lochana, Aadyaa, Hridkamalodbhuta, Gavaam Maataa, Rana priya, Satkriya, Girija, Shudda, Nitya pushta, Nirantara, Durga, Katyayani, Chandi, Charchika, Shanta vigraha, Hiranyavarna, Rajani, Jagadyantra pravartika, Mandaaradri nivaasa, Sharada, Swarnamalini, Ratnamala, Ratnagarbha, Prithvi, Vishwapramaathini, Padmaanana, Padmanibha, Nitya tushta, Amritodbhava, Dhunvati, Duhprakamya, Surya Mataa, Drushadwati, Mahendra bhagini, Maanya, Varenya, Varadarpita, Kalyani, Kamala, Rama, Panchabhuta, Varaprada, Vaachyaa, Vareshwari, Vandya, Durjaya, Duratikrama, Kaalaraatri, Mahavega, Virabhadra priya, Hitaa, Bhadrakaali, Jaganmaata, Bhakta Kalyana dayini, Karaala, Pingalaakaara, Namabheda, Amahamada, Yashashwini, Yashoda, Shadhwa parivartika, Shankini, Padmini, Saankhya, Sankhya yoga parvartika, Chaitra, Samvatsararudha, Jagat sampuranindrija, Shumbhaari, Khechari, Swasthaa, Kambugriva, Kalipriya, Khagadhwaja, Khagaarudha, Paraadharya, Paramalini, Aaishvarya vartma nilaya, Virakta, Garudaasana, Jayanti, Hridguha, Ramya, Gahwareshtha, Ganaagrani, Sankalpasiddha, Saamyasthaa, Sarva Vijaana dayini, Kalikalmasha hantri, Guhyopanishat, Uttama, Nishta, Drishti, Smriti, Vyaapti, Pushti, Tushti, Krayavati, Vishvaamareshwareshaana, Bhukti, Mukti, Shiva, Amrita, Lohita, Sarpamaala, Bhishani, Vanamalini, Anbanta shayana, Asnanya, Naranaaraayanodbhava, Nrisimhi, Daitya Mathani, Shanka chakragadaadhara, ankarshana sdamutpatti, Ambikaapada samshraya, Maha jwaala, Maha murti, Sumurti, Sarva kaama dhruk, Suprabha, Sustana, Gauri, Dharmakaamaartha mokshadaa, Bhrumadhya nilaya, Purva, Purana purushaarani, Mahavibhutida, Madhyaa, Sarojanayana, Samaa, Ashtaadasha bhuja, Anaadya, Nilotpala dala prabha, Sarva Shaktyaasanaarudha, Dharmaadharma vivarjita, Vairagya jnaana nirata, Niraaloka, Nireendriya, Vichitra gahanaadhaara, Shaswata sthaana vaasini, Staaneshwari, Nirananda, Trishula vara dhaarini, Asesha Devataa Murti, Ddevata, Varadevata, Ganaabika, Giriputri, Nishumbha vinipaatini, Avarna, Varna rahita, Niravaana, Beeja sambhava, Anantavarna, Anantastha, Shankari, Shaanta Maanasa, Agotra, Gomati, Goptri, Guhyarupa, Gunottara, Gou, Geeh, Gavyapriya, Gouni, Ganeshwara namaskrutya, Satyamaatra, Satya sandha, Trisandhya, Sandhivarjita, Sarvadaashraya, Sankhya, Sankhyaayoga samudbhava, Asankhyeya, Aprameyaakhya, Shunya, Shudda kulodbhava, Bindunaada samutpatti, Shambhuvaama, Shashiprabha, Visanga, Bheda rahita, Manoja, Madhusudani, Mahashri, Shri samutpatti, Tamah paare pratishthita, Tritatwa maata, Trividha, Susukshma pada samshraya, Shaantaatita, Malaatita, Nirvikara, Niraashraya, Shivaakhya, Chitta nilaya, Shinajnaana Swarupini, Daitya daanava nirmaatri, Kashyapi, Kaalakalpika, Shastrayoni, Kriyamurti, Chaturvarga pradarshika, Narayani, Narodbhuti, Kaumudi, Lingadharini, Kaamuki, Lalitha, Bhava, Paraabhava bhutida, Parantajata Mahima, Badava, Vamalochana, Subhadra, Devaki, Sita, Vedavedaanga paaraga, Manaswini, Manyumaata, Maha Manyu Samudbhava, Amrutya, Amrita, The above Sahasra Naamaas of Bhagavati rendered by Himavan pleased Devi and she gave him Upadeshaand an ever grateful Himavan assumed the role of her father and performed the Immortal Shiva Parvati wedding for Loka Kalyaana. The Phala Shruti of the above Devi Sahasra Naamaas was stated as follows:

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Ya imam pathateydhyaayam Devyaa Maahaatma kirtanam, Shivasya sannidhou Bhaktyaa Shuchitad bhaava bhaavitah/ Sarva paapa vinirmukto Divya yoga samanvitah, Ullanghya rahmano Lokam Devyaah Sthaanamavaapnuyaat/ Pratyekam chatha Naamnaani Juhuyaat Sananatrayam, Putanaadikrutairdoshair Graha doshaischa muchyatey/ Sampujya Paarshwatah Shambhum Trinetram Bhakti samyutah, Labhatey Mahatim Lakshmim Maha Deva Prasaadatah/ Tasmaat Sarva prayatnena Japtavyam hi Dwijaatibhih, Sarva Paapaaanodaartham Devyaa naam Sahasrakam/ ( Whosoever recites always with Cleanliness and Sincerity the above Commendation of Deva Bhagavati in the presence of Maha Deva would be steered clear of his or her sins and irregularities of on-going life and attains Devi Loka even beyond Brahma Loka; such persons would definitely avoid Arishtaas or impact of Evil effects; all the possible drawbacks and obstacles of Grahaas /Planets would be overcome and by the Grace of Shankara, Devi Lakshmi would bestow the devotee ample prosperity and longevity). Varaha Deva rescues Bhu Devi from Rasatala At the time of Pralaya or Total Annihilation, there was darkness all around and life was submerged in water when Vishnu rested in Yoga Maya: Ekaarnavey tadaa Tasmin nashtey Sthaavarajangamey, Tadaa Samabhavad Brahmaa Sahasraakshah Sahasrapaat/ Sahasra Sirshaa Purusho Rukmavarna stwaateendriyah, Brahma Naraayanaakhyaastu Sushvaapa salilo tadaa/ Apo Naaraa iti proktaa naamnaa purvamitih Srutih, Ananam tasya taa yasmaat tena Narayanah smritah/ (As there was nothing else except water everywhere and the whole Creation of Moveables and Immovables got submerged in water, then Paramatma Purusha with thousands of eyes, feet and heads surfaced in golden colour lying on an unending water sheet; indeed he was Narayana as described in Vedas as Aapor Naara or water (Naara+Ayana or resting on water). While being playful with water Narayana assumed the Swarupa of a Varaha or Boar, lifted up Bhumi (Earth) from Rasatala by the sheer might of his Damshtras( protruded teeth/ tusk) and on visioning this unique feat as accomplished by Bhagavan, Siddhas and Brahmarshis commended and Narayana as follows:

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Namastey Deva Devaaya Brahmaney Parameshtiney, Purushaaya Puraanaaya Shaswataaya Jayaaya cha/ Namah Swayambhuvey tubhyam Srashtey Sarvaartha Vediney, Namo Hiranyagarbhaaya Vedhasey Paramaatmaney/ Namastey Vaasudevaaya Vishnavey Vishwayonaye, Naraayanaaya Devaaya Devaanaam Hitakaariney/ Namostu tey Chaturvaktra Shaaranga chakraasi dhaariney, Sarva Bhutaatma Bhutaaya kutasthaaya namonamah/ Namo Veda rahasyaaya namastey Vedayonaye, Namo buddhaaya Shuddhaaya namastey Jnaana rupiney/ Namostwaananda rupaaya Saakshiney Jagataam Namah, Anantaayaaprameyaaya Karyaaya Kaaranaayacha/ Namastey Pancha bhutaaya Pancha Bhutaatmaney Namah/ Namostu tey Varaahaaha Namastey Matsya rupiney, Namo Yogaadhigamyaaya Namah Sankarshanaaya tey/ Namastrimurtaye tubhyam Tridhaamney Divya tejasey, Namah Siddhaaya pujyaaya Gunatraya vibhaaviney/ Namostwaadityavarnaaya Namastey Padmayonaye, Namomrutaaya Murtaayaa Maadhavaaya Namo namah/ Twayaiva Srashtamakhilam Ywayyeva Layameshyati, Paalayaitajjagat sarvam jnaataa twam sharanam gatih/ Ityevam sa Bhagavan Vishnuh Sanakaadyarabhishthitah, Prasaadamakaro teshaam Varaahavapureeshwarah/ (Salutations to you Deva Deva, Brahma, Parameshthi, Purusha, Purana the most Ancient, Shaswata the Everlasting, Swayambhu or Materialised on His own; Srashta or the Creator; Sarvaartha Vedi or He who knows everything; Hiranyagarbha or the Golden Bellied; and Vedha or Paramatma; You are the Origin for the Creation of the Universe; the Great Comfort Point of Devas; Narayana; Vishnu; the Holder of Sharanga-Chakraa-Sword named Nandaka; Chatirmukha; Atma Rupa; Kutastha or the Seat of Spiritual Eye or the Unchanging Spirit- litearally meaning standing on the Top; Vedarahasya

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Swarupa; Vedas Originator; Shuddha-Buddha Swarupa; Jnaana Rupa; Ananda Swarupa; the Unique Witness of the World; Ananta or the Endless; Aprameya or the Incomprehensible; Karya-Karana Rupa or the Act and the Reason for the Act; Pancha Bhuta or the Composite Form of the Five Elements; Mula Prakriti or the Basic Root of Prakriti or Maaya or the Creation; Varaha Deva; Matsya Rupa; Visionable by the Yoga route; Sankarshana; You are the Teja Rupa of Triguna- Tri MurtiTridhaama or three abodes; Aditya Samaana Varna; Murthaamurta Swarupa or of a Form or Non Form; The Last Shelter Point or Sanctuary and Maadhava! You Create-Protect and Terminate the World. You are indeed the shield and safeguard! ) As Narayana expanded his Body as Kurma, Bhu Devi rested on the Kurma Swarupa and Brahma Srishti commenced all over again. Narasimhas incarnation, Prahladas Bhakti and Andhakasuras remorse securing Ganatwa Of the thirteen wives of Kashyapa who were the daughters of Daksha viz. Aditi, Diti, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavasha, Ira, Kadru, Muni and Dharmaja, Diti gave birth to Hiranya Kashipu and Hinarnyaksha. Hirnayakashipu became arrogant having secured the boon of invincibility from Brahma and tormented Devas, Maharshis and Brahmanas, even to the extent of declaring himself as mightier than Narayana. Devas approached Vishnu who had already created from his Amsha the Narasimha or the Man-Lion Swarupa and despatched him to the Kingdom of Hiranyakashipu. On learning of this, the Daitya commisioned four of his sons viz. Prahlada, Anihlada, Samhlada and Hlada; the sons charged Narasimha with Brahmastra, Vaishnavastra, Kaumaraastra and Agneyastra but Narasimha caught hold of the feet of all the Putras and through them all in different directions. Hiranyakashipu confronted Narasimha Deva and tried to hit him on the chest even as the latter disappeared on Garuda. Hiranyaksha the younger brother of Hiranyakashipu recited the Pashupata Mantra against Narasimha but Mahadeva would not harm Vasudeva. That was the time when Prahlada realised the Supremacy of Narasimha: Drushtawaa paraahatam twastram Prahlaado bhaagya gouravaat, Meyney Sarvaatmakam Devam Vaasudevam sanatanam/ Samtyajya sarva shastraani Satyayuktena chetasaa, Nanaama Shirasaa Devam yoginaam hridayeshyam/ Stutwaa Naaraayanaih stotraaih Rukyajuh Saaama sambhavaih, Nivaarya Pitaram Bhraatrun Hirantaaksham tadaa braveet/ Ayam Naaraayanonantah shaswato Bhagavaanajah, Puraana Purusho Devo Mahayogi Jaganmayah/ Ayam Dhaataa Vidhaataa cha Swayamjjoytirniranjanah, Pradhaana Purushastwam Mula Prakritiravyayah/ Ishwarah Sarvabhutaanaamanantaryami gunaatigah, Gacchaadhwamenam sharanam Vishnumavyaktamavyayaa/

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Ayam sarvaatmanaa vadhyo Nrisimholpa pararaakramah, Samaagatosmadbhavanamidaaneem Kaalacheditah/ Vihasya Pitaram Putro Vachah Praaha Mahaamatih, Maa Nindaswainameeshaanaam Bhutaanaamekamvyayam/ Katham Devo Mahadevah shaswatah Kaalavarjitah, Kaalena hanyatey Vishnuh Kaalaatma Kaalarupadhruk/ Tatah Suvarna kashipur duratma vidhichoditah, Nivaaritopi putrena yudodha Harimavyayam/ (As the powerful Narayananstra and Shivas Paashupataastra proved to be ineffevtive, Prahlada realised that Narasimha was none else other than Vaasudeva Himself and having visioned him as Ruk-Yajur-Saama Swarupa extolled him withVaishnava Stutis and asked his father, uncle and brothers to stop the battle; he said they should all take shelter from himn and not fight with him as he is Anata, Sanatana, Ajanma, Maha Yogi, Puruna Purusha, Dhata, Vidhata, Swayam jyoti, Niranjana, Purana Purusha, Tatwa, Mula Prakriti, Avyaya, Ishwara, Antaryami and Avyaya Vishnu. Hiranyakashipu shouted that this Narasimh was indeed worth killing as he entered this place as though he was sent by Kaala or Mrityu to my house for being killed. But smilingly, Prahlada tried to convince the Daitya that Vaasudeva was the Singular Entity who himself was Kaala Varjita( deathless) Kaal (Mrityu or death) and Kaalaatma or the Form of Mrityu himself and there was no question of Kaala Deva despatching Narasimha to their Place; but since Hiranyakashipu was fool hardy, the Lion from Narasimha tore the Daityas guts and intestines from his body and cut them into pieces and sent him to hell; as this happened, the highly enraged Bhagavan killed the Daitya Sons, excepting of Prahlada, who was overcome by the presence of Vaasudeva. As Hiranyaksha became the King, his atrocities were intensified against Devas and Sages and finally imprisoned Bhu Devi and dragged her into Rasaatala. Bhagavan assumed the form of Varaha and having killed him and rescued Bhu Devi returned to Vaikuntha. Prahlada anointed his cousin brother Andhaka as the King and rejected the Asura way of life and was fully immersed in Vishnus worship. In course of time, Prahlada was by the influence of Maya ignored to perform the Puja of a Brahmana Guest who was annoyed and cursed Prahlada that what all the positive fruits were earned by way of Vishnu Puja by him would be lost; thus Prahlada went back to his erstwhile Asura Gunas and neglected Vishnu puja; in fact he attacked Hari once but got snubbed by him.Having recovered from the ill-effects of the Maya, Prahlada then performed worship with redoubled energy to Vishnu. Meanwhile Andhakasura , an ardent devotee of Mahadeva developed devotion for Parvati. Once, there was a dreadful and widespread Anavrishtior famine at Daruvana and there was no production of foodgrains for years together; there were many deaths of human beings as also cattle. Munis and others approached Gautami Rishi who provided excellent food to one and all. Those who were unscrupulous and jealous of the Muni created a Mayavi Cow and made the Muni touch the animal which died as he touched it. All the Brahmanas then refused to take the food provided by the Muni in view of the Gohatyaor the killing of the Cow and left away from his Ashram. In course of time, the Rishi came to learn of the mischief of some of the playful Brahmanas and cursed them that 33

they would be abandoned out of the purview of Vedas and would die soon and get their rebirths soon and keep on consuming impure food. The repentant Brahmanas prayed to both Mahadeva and Vishnu; in response, Bhagavan Rudra made new Shastras like Kaapaala, Naakula, Vaama, Bhairava, Purva Paschimaa, Pancha Ratra etc. by reciting which human beings would get rid of their sins and leave the recycle themselves into the vortex of quick births and deaths. Shiva for the sake of the Brahmanas appeared on Earth and commenced Bhiksha Vritthi or professional begging by wearing garlands of Kapalaas and smearing ash on the forehead carrying Nandi along as also Kaalabhairava. Vishnu on the other hand assumed the Swarupa of a maid to serve Devi Parvati along with Brahma, Agni, Indra, Yama and so on. Nandi was the gate keeper procecting Maheswari in view of the threat posed by Andhakaasura who was obsessed with the Devi. This was the background when Andhakasura arrived at the Place of Parvati Devi for whom he developed an obsession. As Kalabhairava stopped the Daitya and fought with him, Andhaka multiplied himself into innumerable Forms along with the Strong men of Army like Ghantakarna, Meghanaada, Chandesha, Chandatapana, Vinayaka, Meghavaaha and so on and defeated Nandi and Bhairaweshwara. As Andhakas army became more and more violent especially since Andhaka was multiplying manifold, Bhairava and Nandi reached Vaasudeva, and the latter made such an arrangement to exterminate the million Rupas as they emerged and Andhaka ran away from the battle field. Even before Andhaka fled away, some hundred Devis were in position and were singing hymns of victory in praise of Devi Girija and Parama Shiva. The Devis questioned Shiva, Parvati and Vishnu when Shiva explained that he was the Parama Tatwa whom none could visualise possibly; he said: Aham Naraayano Gauri Jaganmaataa Sanaatani, Vibhajya Samsthito Devaha Swaatmaanam Bahudheswarah/ Na mey viduh param tatwam Devaadyaa na Maharshayah, Ekoyam Veda Vishwaatmaa Bhavaani Vishnurevacha/ Aham hi Nishkriyah Shaantah Kevalo Nishparigrahah, Maameva Keshavam Devamaahur devimathaambikaam/ Esha Dhaataa Vidhaataa cha Kaaranam Kaaryamevacha, Karthaa Kaarayitaa Vishnurbhuktimukti phalapradah/ Bhoktaa Pumaanaprameyah Samhartaa Kaalarupadhruk, Srashtaa Paataa Vaasudevo Vishwatmaa Vishwato mukhah/ Kuutastho hyaakasharo Vyaapi Yogi Naarayanah swayam, Taarakah Purushohyaatmaa Kevalam Paramam padam/ Saishaa Maheshwari Gauri Mama Shakti Niranjanaa, Shantaa Satyaa Sadaaandaa Param mitih Shrutih/

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Asyah Sarvamidam Jaatamatriava layameshyatyi, Yeshiva Sarva Bhutaama Gateena muktamaa gatih/ Tayaaham sangato Devyaa Kevalo Nishkalahparah, Pashyaamyaseshamevedam Yastad Veda sa muchyatey/ Tasmaadanaadimadvaitam Vishnumaatmaana meeshwaram, Ekameeya vijaaneedhwam tato yasyatha nivrutthim/ Maanyantey Vishnumavyakta maatmaanam Shraddayaanvitaah, Ye bhinnadrushtyapeeshaanaam Pujayanto na mey Priyaah/ Dwishanti ye Jagatsutim Mohitaa Rouravaadishu, Pachyamaanaa ma muchyatey Kalpakoti shatairapi/ Tasmaadasesha bhutaanaam Rakshako Vishnuravraayah, Yathaavadih Vijnaaya dheyayah Sarvaapadih Prabhuh/ (I am Ishwara the composite of Narayana, Sanatana Jaganmataa Guauri and the Self divided into innumerable Forms; Neither Maharshis nor Devas are aware of Parama Tatwam; even Vishnu or Devi too are quite unaware; I am the Nishkriya or Action less, Shanta the Peaceful, Kevala or the Singular and the Nishparigrah or the Nir-Dwandya; I am also known as Keshava, Deva and Devi Ambica. This Vishnu himself is Dhata, Vidhata, Kaarana or the Cause; Kaarya or the Action, Kartha the Doer and Kaarayita or the one prompting Action; He is also Bhukti-Mukti Phala Prada; Bhokta; Aprameya; Samharta; Kaala Swarupa; Srishti-Paalana; Vishwatma, Sarvavyapaka, Vaasudeva, Kutastha, Avinaashi, Vyaapi, Yogi, Narayana, Taraka, Purusha, Atma, Kevala and Moksha. This Maheswari Gauri is Shakti, is Niranjana, Shanta, Veda, Satya, Sadaananda; Sarvot -panna and Laya Kaarana; Adwiteeya, Nishkala, and Sampurna; I visualise the Universe through her and comprhent Maha Tatwa from her; those who guess Tatwa from her would attain the Essence of Life. Those who imagine that Shiva alone is Paramatma and ignore / dislike Vishnu are not my Bhaktas and similarly those who worship Vishnu and detest Shiva are sure to be banished to Rouraka Narakas. Indeed thus no prayer is complete disregarding Vishnu or Shiva). Meanwhile Andhaka was unable to resist his obsession withe Devi Parvati and landed on the Mountain and tried to reach Mahadeva and Devi Parvati. Vaasudeva exclaimed to Mahadeva as to why he was going slowly in exterminating Andhaka, while he was capable of exterminating the Universe in entirety and why that in fact he allowed an opportunity to Andhaka earlier to run away from the battle field! Then Mahadeva lifted his Trishula which got attracted to the Daitya and commenced Tandava Nritya or the Typical Form of his dance. Brahma and Devas then realised that Andhakas hour of Paapa Vimochana arrived; Munis and Siddhaganas recited Vedas, Gandharvas and Kinnaras sang tuneful songs of eulogy of Mahadeva and Apsaraganaas danced with joy in anticipation. The top portion of the Trishula burnt off all the sins of the Daitya as he was freed from the thick blanket of Maya and he secured Mahaa Gyaana; since he was purified of his evil thoughts and deeds, Andhaka then broke down into spontateous Stuti of Maha Deva:

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Namaami Murthnaa Bhagavantamekam Samaahitaa yam Vidureesha Tatwam, Puraatanam Punyamanantarupam Kaalam Kavim Yogaviyoga-hetum/ Damshtraa karaalam Divi Nrityamaanam HutaashaVaktram Jwalanaarka rupam, Sahasra paadaakshi Shirobhiyutam Bhavantamekam pranamaami Rudram/ Jayaadi Devaamara pujitaanghryai Vibhaagaheenaamala Tatwarupa Vayavaadibhedairakhilaatma rupa/ Twaameka -maahuh Purusham Puranamaaditya varnam Tamasah parastaat, Twam pasyaseedam paripaasya -jastram twamantako Yogi gunaabhijushtah/ Ekontaraatmaa Bahudhaa Nivishto deheshu dehaadih viseshaheenah/ Twamaatma shabdam Paramaatmanatwam Bhavantamaahuh Shivameka keychit/ Twamaksharam Brahma Param Pavitramaanmada rupam Pranavaabhidhaanam, Twameeshwaro Vedapadeshu Siddhah Swayam Pabhosesha visheshah heennah/ Twamindrarupo Varunaagni rupo Hamsah Praano Mrutyurantosi Yagjnah, Prajaapatir Bhagavaaneka Rudro Nilagreevah stuyasey Vedavidbhih/ Narayanastwam Jagataamathaadih Pitaamahastwam Prapitaamahascha, Vedaanta -guhyopi nishatsu geetah Sadaa Shivastvam Parameshwarosi/ Namah parastaat Tamasah Parasmai Paraatmaney Panchapadaantaraaya, Tri Shaktiteetaaya Niranjanaaya Sahasra Shaktyaasana samsthi -taaya/ Trimurthayenantapadaatma murtey Jagannivaasaaya Jaganmayaya, Namo Lalaatorpita lochanaaya Namojanaanaam Hridi Samsthitaaya/ Phaneendra haaraaya Namostutubhyam Muneendra siddhaarchita Paada yugma/ Sahasra dharmaasana Samsthitaaya Namah Paraantaaya Bhavodbha -vaaya/ Sahasrachandraarka Vilochanaaya Namostutey Soma Sumadhyamaaya, Namostutey Deva Hiranyabaaho, Namombikaayaah Pataye Mundaaya/ Namotiguhyaaya Guhaantaraaya Vedaanta Vijnaana sunischitaaya, Trikaala heenaamala dhaamadhaamney Namo Maheshaaya Namah Shivaaya/ Yevam Stuvantam Bhagavaan Shulaagraadavaropya tam,

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Tushtah provaacha hastaabhyaam spushtaaya Parameshwarah/ (I greet that Unique Paramatma-the Puraatana, Punyadaayi, Ananta Kaala Swarupa, Kavi and Samyoga-Viyoga Swarupa- whose Maha Tatwa is sought after by Samadhi-sthita Yogis. I salute that fierce-ful, Agni-faced, Surya-like; thousand footed-thousand faced-thousand headed Adviteeya Rudra. I pay my obeisances to you Maha Deva as Devas worship your feet; you are the Indivisible Tatwa Swarupa; Agni-Vaayu- Surya Swarupa; Victory to you Purana Purusha; You are beyond Tamas and Maya and the dazzling light; Palana-Samhara Karta; Yogi Samuha Sevita or the One worshipped by Groups of Yogis; the Antaraatma or the Inner Consciousness that is distinct from the Outer Body Frame; You are the Atma Tatwa and the Paramatma Tatwa. Prabho! You are the Embodiment of Joy, the Hallmark of Purity; Omkara Shabda Vaachya; Devoid of all Padarthaas; and You are Indra, Varuna, Agni, Hamsa, Praana, Mrityu; Anta and Yagjna. Those who are conversant of Vedas address you as Nilakantha, Eka Rudra, Prajapati, and Bhagavat Swarupa. You are the Adi or the Beginning, Narayana, Pitamaha and Prapitamaha. Sada Shiva Parameshwara, you are the Secret Meaning of Vedaanta Shastraas and Upanishads. You are beyond Tamo Guna, Parama Paramatma, Pancha Padaanta Swarupa; the Tri Shakti Swarupa of Braahmi, Vaishnavi and Shaakta; Niranjana and Sahasra Shakti Rupa; Tri Murti Swarupa of Brama, Vishnu and Shiva Rupa; Anata Padaatmaka, Atma Murti, Jagannivaasa and Jaganmaya; You wear your eyes on your forehead and Nagaraja maalaas all over your body, while Munis and Siddhas keep your feet-lotuses in their inner vision. My humble salutations to you who is seated on the Dharmaishwarya or the Wealth of Virtue; your eyes are like thousand Suryas and Chandras while your mid-body is Moon-like cool. You are of Hiranya baahu or of glittering golden hands; Ambikapati Munda. My sincere Namaskaaraasto you Guhya, Guhyantara, Vedantarupa, devoid of influences caused by the Trikaalaas and the Supreme Source of Pure Radiance).Parama Shiva was so pleased with Andhakas passionate Stuti that he conferred Ganatwa under Nandi Devas leadership). As Andhka fell on her feet and prayed to her: Namaami Devavallabhamanadi madrijaamimaam, Yatah Pradhaanama Purushou nihanti yaakhilam Jagat/ Vibhati ya Shivaasaney Shivena Saamakavyayaa, Hiranyetirnirmaley Namaami taamimaamajam/ Yadanantaraakhilam Jagajjayanti yaani samkshayam, Namaami yatra taamumaa- masesha bhedavarjitaam/ Na jaayateyn na heeyatey na vardhatey cha taamumaam, Namaami yaa gunaatigaa Gireesha putrikaamimaam/ Kshamaswa Devi Shailajey krutam mayaa vimohitah, Suraa-surairarchitam Namaami tey padaambujam/ Ithyam Bhagavati Gauri Bhaktinamrena Parvatee, Samstutaa Daityapatinaa putratvey jagruhendhakam/ (My sincere apologies to Shankara Priya Devi Parvati the Prime Prakriti who along with Purusha creates and terminates the Universe in totality. Forgive my shame as I had evil feelings towards you Devi who is the Symbol of Purity and Auspiciousness seated along with Parama Shiva as you too are Ajanma or Birthless and Avyaya or Endless. Kindly absolve my unpardonable sin for ignorance as she creates and destroys and is beyond Trigunas and is worthy of worship by Deva-Danavas alike! Andhakasuras heartfelt guilt of highest order was pardoned by Devi Parvati and being a fund of mercy forgave him as typical of a Supreme Mother). Vaamana Devas incarnation and Bali Chakravartis extreme sacrifice Prahladas son King Virochana who overpowered Devas and occupied Trilokas came into contact with Brahma Manasa Putra Sanat Kumara and was greatly impressed with his teachings of Atma Jnaana or the Knowledge of the Supreme Soul. He abandoned Kingship and coronated Bali as the Emperor. Bali Chakravartii expanded his Empire further and Devas had futher difficulties as their miseries increased manifold as their hopes of recovering Swarga receded further since Bali Chakravartis administration was impeccable as per Scriptures: he was a Brahmana Bhakta, highly enlightened and progressive administrator and none could raise a finger against him or his virtues. But, the fact remained that Devas became nomads and completely lost their glory; the very many yagnas conducted by the Chakravarti under the direction of Daitya-Danava Guru Shukracharya were

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impeccable but the Yagna Phalas were purely for the advantage of Daityas but were denied to Devas. Deva Maata Aditi was highly disturbed as her own sons were roaming from pillar to post neither without a home nor with a power! The highly disillusioned mother then resorted to exreme Tapasya to Narayana seeking that vaasudeva should take to an Avatara to defeat Daitya-Danavas and restore Devas back to their original position of glory. In response to her Tapasya, Vaasudeva appeared in his full Form with Shankha-Chakra-Gadaa-Sharangas and an ever grateful Aditi prayed to him as follows: Jayaasesha duhkhoghanaashaika heto Jayaananta mahaatmya yogaabhiyukta, Jayaanaadi madhaanta vijnaana murtey Jayaasesha kalpaamalaananda rupa/ Namo Vishnavey Kaalarupaaya tubhyam Namo Naarasimhaaya seshaaya tubhyam, Namah Kaala Rudraaya Samhaara Kartrey Namo Vaasudevaaya tubhyam namastey/ Namo Vishwamaayaa vidhaanaaya tubhyam Namo Yoga gamyaaya Satyaaya tubhyam, Namo Dharma Vigjnaana nishthaaya tubhyam Namastey Varaahaaya bhuyo Namastey/ Namastey sahasraarka chandraabha murtey Namo Vedavigjnaana Dharmaabhi -gamya, Namo Devadevadi Devaadideva Prabho Viswayonetha bhuyo Namastey/ Namah Shambhaveuy Satyaishthaaya tubhyam Namo hetavey Vishwarupaaya tubhyam, Namo yoga peethaantarasthaaya tubhyam Shivaayaika rupaaya bhuyo namastey/ (Victory to you as you are the only destroyer of the root causes of difficulties and setbacks; You are constantly engaged in Yoga; the Vigjnaana Swarupa without a beginning, center and end; Victory to you the Asesha Kalpa without any rest or intermission of activities; the embodiment of spotlessness and bliss; Victory to you Kaala Rupa, Narasimha, Kaala Rudra, Vaasudeva, Mayaavidhaana or the Planner of Illusions; Satya Rupa who is comprehended by Yoga; Jnaana nishtha; Dharma; Varaha Swarupa; Unique Symbol of Magnificence comparable to thousands of Suryas and Chandras; the unparalleled medium of Dharma and Jnaana as proposed and embedded in Vedas; Devadi Deva, Adi Deva, Satya Nishtha, Vishwa Rupa, Kaarana Rupa, Eka Rupa and Yoga peetha Madhya or as situated in the Center of Yoga; my sincere salutations to You!) In response to Aditis commendation as above, Narayana bestowed his boon to soon take the Incarnation as Vamana Murti. As this development took place, King Bali noticed fearful premonitions including earth quakes and heavy rains followed by lightnings and thunders, when Bali asked his grand father Prahlada about these untoward signs. Prahlada replied that his apprehension as visioned by him was that Vaasudeva had then entered Devi Aditis garbha to destroy the Daitya elements in the Universe as they tormented Devas and dislodged them from their rightful thrones and statuses. King Bali softened his stiff stand against Devas as Prahlada explained at length that Vaasudeva was of tamasika feature as Shankara, of Raajasika nature as Brahma and of Satvika nature as Vishnu and better that King Bali took refuge in Narayana. As time passed, Vishnu arrived in his new incarnation as Vaamana Deva: Chaturbhujam Vishaalaaksham Shrivatsaangitavakshasam, Nilamegha pratikaasham bhraajamaanam Shriyaa vritam/ (Vishnu with his four hands, broad eyes, Shrivatsa Mani on his chest, with colour like blue clouds and extremely lustrous made his appearance) as Vaamana Avatara in the Brahmana clan. Then Devatas, Siddha ganaas, Sadhyas, Charanaas, besides Indra and Brahma gathered around and performed Jaata Karmas, and subsequently Upanayana followed by Vedaadhyayana under the tutorship of Bharadwaja Maharshi. As King Bali performed a Maha Yagna, Vaamana Deva

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accompanied Guru Bharadwaja attended the function with Krishna Mriga Charma or deer skin and Yagnopaveeta or the Sacred Thread, Palaasa danda, jataa, bhasma etc.that were typical of a Brahmachaari while reciting Vedaas. The Bhikshu then asked charity of a mere three feet of land and in agreement of the daanaa, King Bali performed Sankalpa or Vedic Approval and as a formality offered water in the Bhikshus hands. Then the measurement of three feet commenced formally; King Bali washed Vishnus feet and declared that he was giving away in charity the three feet of land and symbolically left water on land: Vichakramey Prithivimesha Aitaamataantariksham Divamaadi devah, Vyapetaraagam Ditigneshwaram tam Prakartukaamah sharanam prapannam/ Aakramya Lokatraya meesha paadah Praajaapadyaad Brahmalokam jagaama, Praneymuraaditya sahasrakalpam ye tatra Lokey Nivasantin Siddhhaah/ (Vishnu then sought to measure the three feet by occupying the Earth, Antariksha or the Sky and the Dyuloka; as he occupied the trilokas, the Lords feet touched the Prajapati loka and the the Brahma loka where the Siddha ganaas and others had the chance of touching the foot of Vishnu Deva; as the Sacred feet pierced through the Kapaala of Brahmanada, Sacred waters of Ganga flowed down on to Akaasha. Thus: Gatwaa Mahaantam Prakritim Pradhaanam Brahkaanamekam Purusham Swabeejam/ Atisdhthadeeshasya padam tadavyayam drushtwaa Devaastatrta tatra stutivanti/ Aalokya tam Purusham Vishwakaayam Mahaan Balirbhaktiyogena Vishnum, Nanaama Naaraayanamekamavyayam swachetasaa yam Pranamanti Devaah/ Twamabrameed Bhagavaanaadikartaa bhutwaa punar Vaamano Vaasudevh/ Mamaiva Daityadhipateyrdhunedam Lokatrayam Bhavataa Bhaavadattam/ (Vishnus feet reached upto Maha-Pradhana-Prakriti-Swabeeja Swarupa-Purusha-Brahma and got settled there; Devas prayed to that Avyaya at different positions with great devotion and so did the King when Vaamana Deva declared that the Tri Lokas were indeed under his possession). As Bali extolled Vaamana Deva, the latter instructed the King to enter Pataala Lokas and enjoy life till the end of the Kalpa and finally enter Vishnu Himself. Janardana then restored Swarga back to Indra and Devas as Siddhas, Devatas, Rishis, Kinnara, Brahma, Indra, Rudra, Adityas and Marudganas prayed to Vishnu out of gratitude. Incarnation of Shri Rama, execution of Ravana and Installation of Rameshwara Linga Devi Aditi and Kashypa Muni gave birth to Aditya and the latter had four wives viz. Sangjna, Raagjni, Prabha and Chaaya Devi; Sangjnas sons were Manu and Yama and their daughter was Yamuna; Ragjnis son was Raivata and Chhayas sons were Saavarna and Shani and daughters were Tapati and Vishta. Manus eldest son was Ikshwaku and in that illustrious lineage was born Harischandra who was famed for his Truthfulness as he sacrificed his Kingdom, wife and son. It was

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also in that lineage in which Bhagiratha was born, known for his persistence and fortitude and succeeded to bring down Ganges from Heavens to wash off the impact of Kapila Maharshis curse to his great-grand fathers. Raghu and Dasaratha too belonged to that Vamsha in which Shri Rama was born as an Incarnation of Vishnu with his brothers named Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughna. Devi Sita was the daughter of King Janaka to whom Maha Deva gifted a Shiva Dhanush and the King announced that whosoever could lift and set the Dhanush would be given Devi Sita in wedding. None of the powerful and valiant Kings or others could even lift the Dhanush, let alone set it. But Shri Rama was not only able to set it but even broke it. King Dasaratha planned to make Rama the Yuva Raja or the heir apparent, but the youngest of the three Queens called Kaikeyi thwarted the plan and instead demanded Rama to be banished to spend fourteen years in Vana Vaasa or Forest Life even as her own son Bharat should be the Yuva Raja. The weak King could neither stop Rama to go to forests nor refuse Kaikeyis wish and in this dilemma succumbed to death; Rama accompanied by Devi Sita and brother Lakshmana proceeded to the forests while a faithful Bharata discarded Kingship and only acted as the Administrator on behalf of Shri Rama during his absence. During the VanaVaasa, Rama destroyed several Rakshasaas with the able assistance of Lakshmana, facilitated Maharshis to perform Yagnas and promoted virtuous deeds by shielding Dharma against Adharma (Virtue versus Vice) and Nyaya against Anyaya (Justice against Injustice). Almost at the end of the stipulated time of Forest Life moving from place to place and protecting Maharshis, Munis and the Virtuous and punishing the Evil, Rama lived in a Parnashala or thatched abode in peace when a Rakshasi called Surpanakha spotted Rama and made amorous proposals to him but being of Eka Patni Vrata or of a Single wife Practice refused her proposals of marriage; since she made desperate and insistent efforts, he instructed Lakshmana to cut off her nose as he was against the Dharma of killing a woman. The Raakshasi approached her brother Ravana the most obnoxious and vicious Demon King of Lanka across the high Sea away from the mainland of Bharata Desha. Ravana decided to score against Shri Rama, more so as Sita Devi was beautiful and charming. He despatched another Demon called Maricha to reach Sita-Ramas Parnashala by assuming the Form of a Golden Deer to tempt Sita while Rama chased the animal and while being killed by him it shouted Rama as though Rama was in trouble; Lakshmana left the Parnashala and Ravana in disguise as a Muni requested Sita for alms to cross the Lakshmana Rekha a Protective and Circular Line laced with Mantras- which was drawn by Lashmana and as soon as she crossed it, Ravana appeared in his original form with ten heads and twenty hands and kidnapped her and whisked her away to Lanka. On return to the Parna shaala, Rama was distraught and on learning from Jatayu the friend of Dasaratha that Sita was kidnapped by Ravana and took her away to Lanka, befriended Sugreeva and Hanuman, crossed the Sea and killed Ravana and the entire clan of Ravanasura. Apart from Sugreeva and the huge monkey brigade, Hanuman, a matchless Bhakta or devotee of Shri Rama played a momentous role in the Epic of Ramayana: he crossed the High Sea to Lanka; spotted Devi Sita in a Garden of Lanka under imprisonment suffering Ravanas heavy pressure of marrying her and threats of killing her husband Rama; convinced Sita that he was a genuine messenger of Rama; assuaged Sitas misery and boosted her morale by assuring that Rama was arriving; cautioned Ravana with dire consequences since Rama was of Vishnus Incarnation and would annihilate him and his entire clan; assisted Rama to construct a Rama Setu or a massive bridge across the Sea; saved Lakshmanas life on the battle field as he was hit by Indrajits arrows by reaching the Himalaya Mountain Range and bringing overnight a huge Mountain with Sanjeevanior life saving herb; took a lead role in killing countless Rakshasaas; carried Rama and Lakshmana on his broad shoulders as their personal chariot; facilitated the destruction of Indrajit, Kumbhakarna and Ravana and finally enabled the coronation of Vibheeshana, the only virtuous brother of Ravanaasura, as the King of Lanka. In the midst of Setu, Rama and Sita decided to install a Shiva Linga, not only to celebrate the victory of Virtue against Evil, but also to atone the killing of Ravana a Brahmana though a Demon. Hanuman was comissioned to fetch a genuine Shiva Linga from Varanasi Kshetra but as he could not reach the appointed spot at the auspicious Muhurta, Devi Sita prepared a Linga with Seashore sand and the

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Sand Linga so installed had thus come to stay till date-apart from the Shiva Linga brought by Hanuman though belatedly. Maha Deva appeared in his full Form along with Devi Parvati before Rama and Sita in the presence of the Rama Sena, blessed them and assured them all as follows: Yat tavyaa sthapitam Lingam drakshyanteeha Dwijaatayah, Mahaapaataka samyuktaaseshaam Paapam vinashyatu/ Anyaani chaiva Paapaani snaatasyatra Mahaadadhou, Darshanaadeva Lingasya naasham yaanti na samshayaha/ Yaavat sthaasyanti girayo yaavadeshaa cha Medini, Yaavat Setuscha taavaccha sthaasyaamyatra tirohitah/ Snaanam daanam japah shraaddham bhavishyatya-kshayam krutam, Smarana Deva Lingasya dinapaapam pranashyati/ (Darshana or viewing of this Rameshwara Linga that was installed formally by Brahmanas on behalf of Shri Rama an Devi Sita should surely have their great sins destroyed. Taking bath in the Sea and worshipping the Linga would uproot the remaining blemishes and imperfections of a devotee. Maha Deva assured that as long as Mountains were existent and P rithvi was present, Setu would be in position and would be Maha Deva in the Rameshwara Linga. Whatever holy deeds like SnaanaDaana-Japa-Shraddhaas are performed at the Place would have multiplying and lasting effects. Even the Smarana or the very thought of Rameshwara Linga from a distance would abolish the sins of the day!) After the Linga Pratishtha thus, Shri Rama administered Bharata Desha with Ayodhya as his capital for centuries and his Administration was acclaimed as Rama Rajyawhen his Subjects were happy, contented and without Tapatrayaasor the three kinds of Adhi Bhoutika like physical problems, Adhytaatmika or internal / psychological difficulties and Adhi Daivika or God-made complications like famines, earthquakes or f loods. During his Sovereignty, Shri Ramas governance excelled in Brahmana Puja, Ashwamedha Yagna and Dharma Paalana. King Jayadhwajas Vishnu Bhakti and Sapta Rishis assertion of Nishkama Bhakti to Vishnu In the context of Chandra Vamsha the glorious personalities were Chandra and Tara (the wife of Deva Guru Brihaspati)- Budha and Ila the daughter of Vaivaswata Manu- Pururava and Apsara Urvashi- Nahusha who performed hundred Yajnas and became a temporary Indra and Pitara Kanya Viraja- Yayati and Devayani the daughter of Shukracharya the Raakshasa Guru as also Sharmishtha the daughter of Raakshasa Vrishaparva- Yadu and Turvasu from Devayani and Puru from SharmishtaYadus son Kroshta, Sahasrajit etc- Sahasrajits grandson Haihaya whose son was Kartaveeryaarjuna who was killed by Parashurama; it was in this famed lineage of Sahasrabahu (Kartaveeryarjuna) was born Jayadhwaja, who was an unparalleled Vishnu Bhakta. He was of firm conviction that Dharma was the noblest feature, all the Kings on Earth were of the Amsha of Vishnu and that Vishnu was the ablest Administrator: Rajyam Paalayataavashyam Bhagavan Purushottamah, Pujaneeyo yato Vishnuh Paalako Jagatoharih/ Saatviki Raajasichaiva Taamasicha Swayambhuvah,

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Tristrastu Murtayah Proktaah Srishtisthityanta hetavah/ Satwaatmaa Bhagavaan Vishnuh Samstaapayati Sarvadaa, Srujed Brahmaa Rajo Murtih Samharet Taamaso Harah/ Tasmaan Mahipateenaam tu Raajyam Paalayataamayam, Aaraadhyo Bhagavan Vishnuh Keshavah Keshimardanah/ (Those who are Kings and Administrators ought to worship Vishnu, since Vishnu is the most competent as he as a Swayambhu possessed all the Three Gunas of Satvika-Raajasika-Taamasika nature and displays the three features of Srishti-Paalana-Samhaara and that is precisely why a King should worship Vishnu). But other brothers of Jayadhwaja viz. Shura, Shurasena, Ghrishna, and Krishna expressed their views too; they stated that Rudra was the Unique one to bestow Mukti as he was the Samhara Kaaraka responsible for the End. He assumes Tamoguna at the end of Kalpaas and as the Vidyaa /Jnaana Swarupa and Shakti Swarupa, Rudra alone would be worthy of worship, since Creation and Preservation were merely passing phases merely: Ayam hi Bhagavan Rudrah Sarvam Jagadidam Shivah, Tamogunam samaashritya Kalpaantey Samharet Prabhuh/ Yaa saa ghorataraa Murtisya Tejomayi Paraa, Samhareyd Vidyayaa Sarvam Samsaaram Shulabhrit tathaa/ King Jayadhwaja replied: Tatwena munchatey Jantuh Satvaatmaa hagavan Harih/ (It is only through Satva Guna alone, Maanavas attain Mukti and Bhagavan Vishnu is the Embodiment of Satwa Guna.) The brothers argued: Tamuchur Bhraaaro Rudrah sevitah Saatvikairjanaih, Mochayet Satwa samyuktah Pujesham tato Haram/ ( All the Satvika guna sampannas or those who always possess Satwika Guna do worship Rudra Deva and as an analogy one must worship Maha Deva.) The further argument from Jayadhwaja was that Swadharma or the Duty of a Varnaashrama-in this case of Kings-was of utmost applicability to attain Mukti. The counter argument of the brothers was that their father Kartaveeryarjuna who followed Swadharma wordshipped Rudra. As the arguments were endless and fruitless, all the brothers came to the conclusion that they should all visit Sapta Rishis to explain as to who should worship Shiva or Vishnu-being a King! Vasishtha and other Saparishis unanimously stated as follows: Ya yasyabhimataa Pumsaha saa hi tasyaiva Devataa! ( Who so ever of Devataas is acceptable by a person is the Devata worthy of worship!) Having established this as the broad Principle, the Sapta Rishis provided the following exceptions and their counsel: Kintu kaarya viseshena Pujitaashcheshtadaa Nrinaam, Viseshaat Sarvadaa naayam niyamo hyanyathaa Nripaah/

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Nripaanaam Daivatam Vishnustathaiva cha Purandarah, Vipraanaamagniraadityo Brahmaachaiva Pinaakadhryuk/ Devaanaam Daivatam Vishnurdaanavaanaam Trishulabhrit, Gandharvaanaam tathaa Somo Yakshaanaamapi kathyatey/ Vidyaadharaanaam Vagdevi Sandhyaanaam Bhagavan Ravih, Rakshasaam Shankaro Rudrah Kinnaraanaam cha Parvati/ Rishinaam Daivatam Brahma Mahadevascha Shulabhrit, Manunaamsyaadumaa Devi tathaa Vishnuh sa Bhaskarah/ Grihastaanaamcha Sarvey Syurbrahmaa vai Brahmachaarinam, Vaikhaanasaanaamarkah syad Yatinaam cha Maheswarah/ Bhutaanaam Bhagavaan Rudraha Kushmaandaanmaam Vinaayakah, Sarvbeshaam Bhagavaan Brahmaa Deva Devah Prajaapatih/ Ityevam Bhagavan Brahmaa swayam Devebhyabhaashata, Tasmaajjayadwajo nunam Vishnavaaraadhyamarhati/ (Depending on the belief that human beings repose in specific Deva-Devaas and the resultant fruits that they achieve, worship is performed by them as per their wishes and the fulfillment and that might not be a general practice. But in general, Kings worship Vishnu or Indra; Brahmanas worship Agni Deva, Surya, Brahma and Shiva; Devas worship Vishnu while Danavas perform puja to Shiva; Gandharvas and Yakshaas pray to Soma Deva; Human Beings tend to worship Uma Devi, Vishnu and Surya; Grihastas or Family men and women pray to all the Devatas while Brahmacharis worship Brahma; Vaikhaanasaas pray to Surya and Sanyasis tend to deem Maheswara as their destiny; Bhutas pray to Rudra; Ganesha is worshipped by Kushmandaas but Brahma is prayed by one and all. Sapta Rishis quoted Brahma however that Kings would better worship Vishnu.) As this kind of discussions were going on, a frightening and cruel Danava named Videha entered the Kingdom of the Five Sons of Kartaveeryaarjuna and created havoc by killing men and women mercilessly. His roars and rumbles produced panic al over and the Five Sons attacked the Demon with all their capacity: Shura released Roudrastra, Surasena with Vaarunastra, Krishna used Prajaapatastra, Ghrishna with Vayavyastra while Jayadhwaja simulteneously released Kaubera-Aindra-Agneyaastra. But the Danava destroyed all the Astras with his Shula. Finally, King Jayadhwaja made a desperate effort to pray to Vishnu: Vishnum Grasishnum Lokaadimaprameyamanaamayam, Traataaram Purusham Purvam Shri Patim Peetavaasasam/ (Jayadhwajas prayer was to Vishnu, Grasishnu or the Supreme Hold, Aprameya (Indestructible), Anamaya (devoid of sorrows), Purva Purusha (The Ageless Being), Shri Pati or the husband of Lakshmi etc).

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Instantly, Bhagavan Vishnu released Sudarshana Chakra known for its speed and positive action and the mountain-like head of the Asura Videha fell on the ground dead and there was abundant relief to the King brothers and their Subjects in the Kingdom. Jayadhwaja was complimented by his brothers for his timely and sincere prayers to Vishnu who saved the Kingdom from destruction; the bothers then approached Maharshi Vishwamitra to teach them the Puja Vidhana of Vishnu and the latter having taught the Procedure stated: Yatah Pravruttur bhutaanaam yasmin Sarvamidam Jagat, Sa Vishnuh Sarva Bhutaatma tamaashritya vimuchyatey/ Swavarnaashraya dharmenam Pujyeyam Purushottamah, Akaamahata bhavena samaaraadhyo na chaanyataa/ (Since Vishnu is the Soul of all the Beings in the World and as they are governed by him and his kindness, every Being must worship him as required by their Ashrama Dharmaas but not with any ulterior motive). As the Sage clarified that worship to Vishnu was not to seek motives but as an obligation required by Varaashrama Dharma. Jayadhwaja and the brothers all reached home and performed nishkaamapuja to Vishnu and Prameshwara alike and subsequently executed a thanks-giving Yagna under the auspices of Vasishtha and Rudrabhaktas besides Maharshis Gautama, Atri and Agastya for Loka Kalyaana or Universal Peace and auspiciousness. Krishnaavatara, Krishnas worship to Shiva, Vishnu-Shiva identity and Shiva Linga Mahima (Krishnas warning not to belittle Shiva and Vyasa Stuti of Shiva included) Maharshi Bhrigu gave a Shaap(Curse) to Madhava Vishnu to take to human birth as Vaasudeva the son of Vasudeva and Devaki by birth at Mathura in imprisonment by King Kamsa and as Krishna the son of Nanda and Yashoda by upbringing; Vishnu was inattentive when the Rishi called on the latter and hence the curse. The embriyo of the seventh son of Devakis garbha was transferred to that of Rohinis garbha by Vishnu Maya and it was believed that Balarama or Sankarshana was the son of Rohini; simultaneously it was believed that the seventh garbha of Devaki was a miscarriage. The eighth son of Vasudeva and Devaki, being Vishnu himself, was transferred by his father across the River Yamuna in rain from Mathura to Gokula into the unconscious bed of Yashoda who deliverd a female child viz. Kaushiki Devi; Vasudeva exchanged Vaasudeva to Yashoda and brought Maya to Devaki. As King Kamsa tried to lift the previous children of Devaki-Vasudeva and banged the heads of the babies against the prison walls, he desired to repeat the acts, but Kaushiki Maya flew away to skies and warned Kamsa that Vishnu or his Avatara Krishna was already born safe elsewhere and it was not far that the cruel Kamsa would soon meet his fate in death. Krishna displayed several Leelas or Miracle Acts along with Bala Rama, including the killings of Putana, Shakatasura, Dhenukaasura and other Demons; relieving the curses of Gandharva boys turned into huge trees as Yashoda tied to a huge stone in between them; providing vision of the entire Universe to Yashoda on the excuse of opening his mouth for eating sand and taking her into trance; subduing the poisonous Kaliya Snake in Kalindi lake; lifting Govardhana Mountain to provide shelter to the Gopa Prajas or the Inhabitants of the Area against cyclone and taught a lesson to Indra who demanded worship from the villagers; teasing Gopika maids by smearing butter and curds on their cheeks; enchanting Gopikas with his heavenly music of flute into bliss to the extent of engaging them into Raas Leelaasor group dances; killing Kamsa, Sishupala and several vicious and cruel Kings for establishing peace and social security; transferring the inhabitants of Mathura overnight to Dwaraka Nagari for safety and enjoyment and finally playing an outstanding role as the key figure in the Maha Bharata Battle in uprooting evil forces and protecting the Virtuous climaxing with the projection of his Vishva Swarupa and Gitaa Pravachana with the unique message viz.

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Yadaa yadaahi dharmasya glaanir bhavati Bharata, Adhyuddhaanam Adharmasya Sambhavaami Yugey Yugey/ Krishnas worship to Maha Deva : Shri Krishna had Eight Principal Wives viz. Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Mitravinda, Lakshmana, Kalindi and Maadri, but accepted sixteen thousand maidens released from the prisons of Narakaasura whom he decimated. Rukmini had eight sons viz. Charudeshna, Suchaaru, Chaaruvesha, Yashodhara, Chaarushrava, Charuyasha, Pradyumna and Shankha. Similarly other wives had several sons. But Devi Jambavati longed to get an exemplary Son like Indra and on realising this wish decided to perform Parama Tapasya to Parama Shiva and left for the Ashram of Maharshi Upamanyu on the banks of Ganges. The Maharshi wondered that Shri Krishna himself was an Avatara of Vishnu and as to why did Krishna seek to have a darshan of Mahadeva! Krishna expressed his determination to vision Shiva and Devi Parvati in person and the Maharshi explained the regulations involved in Shiva Tapasya like bhasma dharana, shaven head, Valka dharana or wearing stiff clothes, high concentration and Rudra Japa. The Maharshi cited examples of Vasishta, Krishna Dwipaayana Vyasa, Maha Yogi Yagjnyvalka and Bhrigu who succeeded in securing the Darshana of Shiva-Parvati after performing Nidaana Rupa Tapasya or Paraakashtha / Sarvottama Yoga. Following the rules very strictly, Krishna followed the Upadesha or the teachings and instructions of Upamanyu such as Paashupata Yoga, Paashupata Vrata and Paashupata Jnaana and incessantly recited Rudra Mantras with strict adherence of the formal and required form of worship to Mahadeva. After considerable effort, Shri Krishna visioned Maha Deva and Devi Parvati on the Sky as follows: Kireetinam gadinam chitramaalam Pinaakinam Shulinam Devadevam, Shaardula charmaambara samvrutaangam Devyaa Mahaadevamasou dadarsha/ Paraswadhaasakta karam Trinetram Nrisimha charmaavrita sarva gaatram, Samudgirantam Pranavam brihantam Sahasra Surya pratimam dadarsha/ Prabhum Puraanam Purusham Purastaat Sanaatanam Yoginameeshitaaram, Anorineeyamsamananta Shaktim Praaneswaram Shambhumasou dadarsha/ Na yasya Devaa na Pitaamahopi nendro na chaagnir -varuno na Mrityuh, Prabhaavamadyaapi Vadanti Rudram Tamaadi Devam Puruto dadarsha/ Tadaanvapashyad Girishasya Vaame Swaatmaanmavyakta manantarupam, Stuvantameesham Bahubhirvachobhihi Shankhaasichakraarpita hastamaadyam/ Kritaanjalim Dakshinatah Suresham Hamsaadhirudham Purusham dadarsha, Stuvantameeshasya Param Prabhaavam Pitaamaham Lokagurum Divistham/ Ganeswaraanarka sahasra kalpaan Nandeeswaraadeenamita Prabhaavaan, Triloka bhartruh Puratonwapashtat Kumaaramagni pratimam sashaakham/ Marichamatrim Pulaham Pulastham Prachertasam Dakshamathaapi Kanvam,

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Paraasharam tatparato Vasishtham Swayambhuvah chaapi Manum dadarsha/ (Shri Krishna visioned Parama Shiva wearing Mukuta/ Headgear,Gadaa / mace, Trishula, Pinaaka Dhanush / Pinaaka bow and Chitra-Vichitra/ multi-coloured garlands; he was attired with Simha Charma or Lion Skin; reciting Pranava; likened to thousands of Suryaas; and Trilochana or of Three Eyes. Krishna also viewed before him that Purana Purusha, Sanaatana, Yogeswara, the Tiniest like atom, with Endless Shakti /Energy, viz. Shambhu. Krishna visioned that Parama Shiva who could not be comprehened by Devataas, Pitamaha Brahma, Indra, Agni, Varuna and Yama till date. Krishna saw Maha Deva along with Vishnu along with Shankha-Asi or Sword and Chakra on his left side in position even as the latter was known as Atma Swarupa-Avyakta- Ananta and Adi Deva and the latter was engaged in continuous commendation of Maha Deva! To Shankaras eastern side was seated Brahma glorifying Parama Shiva, while facing the latter were Ganeshwara, Nandeswara and Kartikeya. Behind Shiva were the famed ones like Marichi, Atri, Pulaha, Pulastya, Pracheta, Daksha, Kanva, Parashara, Vasishtha and Swayambhu Manu). Thus Krishna had a full darshanof Shiva accompanied by Parvati, Shri Krishna applauded him as follows: Namostu tey Shashwata Sarvayoney Brahmaadhipam, Twaamrushayo vadanti, Tapascha Satwam cha Rajastamascha Twaameva Sarvam pravadanti Santah/ Twam Brahmaa Hariratha Vishwayoniragnih Samhartaa Dinakara mamdalaadhivaasah, Praanastwam Hutavaha Vaasavaadi bhedastwaamekam sharanamupaimi Devameesham/ Saamkhyaastwaam Vigunamathaahureka rupam Yogastwaam satatamupaasatey hrudistham, Vedaastwaamabhidadhateeh Rudramagnim twaamekam sharanamu- paimi Devameesham/ Twatpaadey kusumamathaapi patramekam Dattvaasou bhavati Vimukta Vishwa bandhah, Sarvaagham pranudati Siddhayogijushtam Smrutwaa tey padayugalam bhavatprasaadaat/ (My salutations to You Shaaswata! Sarva Mula Kaarana or the Root Cause of the Totality; Rishis affirm that you are the Master of Brahma; they assert that you are the Spring of the Three Gunas of Satwa-Rajasa-Tamasas; indeed you are the one residing in all the Lokas of Brahma, Vishnu, Vishwayoni, Agni, Samharta and also in Surya Mandala; You are the varied Forms of Praana, Hutavaha or Agni, Indra and all other Devaas; I have arrived into the shelter of Maha Deva; Saankhya Shastra Vedis extol you as the Singular and Gunaateeta Entity beyond Gunas and Maha Yogis are in constant search for you and perform Upasana; Vedas commend you as Rudra and Agni. Mahadeva! I seek indulgence and support! Human Beings place a flower or even a Bilwa Patra on your feet and you oblige them to get rid of the Shackles of Samsara! When Siddhaas and Yogis think of your sanctified feet sincerely, you are merciful to smash the burden of their sins!) Yasyaseshavibhaaga- heenamamalam hridyantaraavasthitam Tatwam Jyotiranantamekamachalam Satyam Param Sarvagam, Sthaanam praahuranaadi madhyanidhanam yasmaadidam jaayatey Nityam twaahu mupaimi Satyavibhavam Vishweswaram tam Shivam/

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Om Namo Nilakanthaaya Trinetraaya cha ramhasey, Maha Devaaya tey nityameeshaanaaya Namo namah/ Namah Pinaakiney tubhyam namo Mundaaya Dandiney, Namastey Vajrahastaaya Digvastraaya Kapardiney/ Namo Bhairava naadaay Kaalarupaaya damshtriney, Naaga Yagnopaveetaaya Namastey Vahniretasey/ Namostutey Gireeshaaya Swaahaakaaraaya tey namah, Namo Muktaattahaasaaya Bheemaaya cha namo namah/ Namastey Kaamanaashaaya namah Kaalapramaathiney, Namo Bhairava Veshaayaa Haraaya cha Nishanginey/ Namostutey Traimbakaaya Namastey Kritthivaasasey, Namombikaadhi pataye Pashunaam Pataye namah/ ( I seek shelter unto the truthfully glorified Vishweshwara Shiva, whom Tatwajnas worship as he is Indivisible, Transparent, Existent in ones interiors of heart, Luminous, Infinite, Unique, Stable, Truthful, All-Pervasive displayer of Beginning-Central-Terminating points of Life. My sincere salutations to you Pranava Swarupa, Nilakantha, Trilochana, Shakti Rupa, Maha Deva, Ishaana, Pinaaka dhanush dhaari, Munda-Danda Dhaarana, Vajra hasta dhaarana, Digvastra, Kapardini or Jataadhaari with Matted Locks; Bhairava naada, Kaala Swarupa; Naagayajnopaveeta dhari (He who wears Serpents as the Holy Thread); Agni samaana veerya nidhana (He whose semen is like Fire); Gireesha; Swaahaakaara or of the Swarupa of Offerings to Agni in Homas; Mukta -atthahaasa or He whose maddening voice reverberates; Bheema rupa; Kaamanaasha or the Destroyer of Lust; Kaala Pramathiney or He is capable of churning Mrityu Devata; Bhairava Vesha; Hara; Nishanginey or he who carries sword and bow- arrows; Triabikaaya or Three-Eyed; Kruttivaasa or Wearer of Elephant Skin; Ambikaadhipataye or the husband of Devi Ambika; Pashupati or the Supreme Chief of Beings). Namastey Vyomarupaaya Vyomaadhipataye namah, Nara naari shareeraaya Saankhya Yoga Pravartivey/ Namo Deva Naathaaya Devaanugatalinginey, Kumaara guravey tubhyam Devadevaaya tey namah/ Namo Yagnaadhipataye Namastey Brahmachaariney, Mrigavyaadhaaya mahetey Brahmaadhipataye namah/ Namo Hamsaaya Vishwaaya Mohanaaya namo namah, Yoginey Yoga gamyaaya Yogamayaaya tey namah/

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Namastey Praana Paalaaya Ghantaanaada priyaaya cha, Kapaaliney namastubhyam jyotishaam pataye namah/ Namo namo namastubhyam bhuya eva namo namah, Mahyam sarvaatmanaa Kaamaan prayachha Parameshwara/ (Namastey Akaasharupa! Akaashaadhipati! Artha Naareeshwara, Practitioner of Saankhya Yoga, Devanaatha, Shiva Linga that is worshipped by Devas always; the Guru of Kumara Skanda; Devadeva! My greetings to you Yagnaadhipati! Brahmachariney; Maha Mriga Vyaadha or hunter; Mahatey; Brahmaadhipataye; Hamsa Swarupa; Vishwa Mohana! You are the Yogi; Yoga gamya; Yoga Maya; Praana Paalaka; Ghanta naada priya or He who likes the sound of bells; Kapaalini; Jyotisha or Nakshatra Pati; Sarva Kaama Pradaata, Parameshwara; my repeated salutations to you again and again!) Shri Krishna eulogised Parameswara and fell on the feet of Shiva-Parvatis. As a gladdened Parvati was enjoying Krishnas visit, Parama Shiva embraced Krishna and said: Krishna! You are indeed the bestower of wishes to one and all yourself! Krishna smiled and said that they knew indeed whatever he approached them for; but the boon that he sought was to bless him to secure a son as renowned as Maha Deva himself! As both Shiva and Parvati granted the wish, Shri Krishna visitited Kailasha for enjoyment and rerturned to Dwaraka. On his rerturn, Maharshi Markandeya arrived at Dwaraka and together they did the Pratishtha(installation) of a Shiva Linga and formal worship of the Shiva Linga. Consequent to Shiva Darshana, Krishna was blessed with the birth of Saambu from Devi Jambavati. Krishna-Shivas Identity: Maharshi Markandeya wondered as to why Krishna who himself was worship-worthy and granted boons to his devotees, Krishna replied smilingly: Bhavataa kathitam sarvam tathyameva na samshayaha, Tathaapi Devameeshaanaam Pujayaami Sanaatanam/ Na mey vipraasti kartavyam naanavaaptam kathanchana, Pujayaami tathaapeesham jaanannetat Param Shivam/ Na vai pashyanti tam Devam Maayayaa mohitaa janaah, Tatoham swaatmano mulam jaapayanj pujayaami tam/ Na cha Lingaarchanaat Punyam Lokesmin bheetinaashanam, Tathaa Linge hitaaaishaam lokaanaam Pujayecchivam/ Yoham tallingamityaahur Vedavaada vido janaah, Tatohamaatma meeshaanam Puja- yaamyaatmanaiva tu/ Tasyaiva Paramaa Murtistanmayoham na samshayah, Naavayorvidyatey bhedo Vedeyshvevam vinischayah/

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Yesha Devo Mahaadevah sadaa samsaara bheerubhih, Dhyeyaha Pujascha Vandyascha Jneyo Lingey Maheshwarah/ (Markandeya! Whatever you said is in order and the Truth is that I am worship-worthy by others; but still I worship Ishaana; there is nothing that I cannot achieve a thing, nor is unavailable to me; yet I am aware that I perform Puja to Parama Shiva. Those who are unable to overcome Maya or Illusion could never achieve Shiva Darshana; but I do realise that my foundation is Shiva and hence I always worship Him. There is no better Punya Phala nor fearlessness than what the Sacred Task of Lingaarchana would confer and for accomplishing propitiousness human beings must resort to Shiva Puja, Shri Krishna affirms. Those who realise and experience Vedic Siddhaantaas (Principles) do recognise that Shiva Linga is my own Swarupa and that is precisely why I perform my own worship of the Atma Swarupa of Ishana, says Krishna. He further confirms: I am Shankaras Parama Murti and I am Shankara myself without doubt. Vedas have emphasised that there is no differernce whatsoever and Krishna and Shiva are just the same. This is the reason why that one should instal Shiva Linga all over!) Shiva Linga Mahatmya: Maharshi Markandeya heard the account of Shri Krishna as above signifying the Identity of Krishna / Vishnu and of Shiva and sought to comprehend the significance of the Shiva-Linga. Then Shri Krishna explained that at the time of Pralaya or Total Devastation, the Universe was totally submerged in Ekarnavaor a single sheet of Samudra Jala / Ocean Water and he as Narayana was lying floated in the midst of the Water with Shankha-Chakra-Gada and other Armaments along with thousands of heads, eyes, feet and hands. Meanwhile, he saw a Chaturmukha (Four-Headed) Brahma reciting the Chatur Vedas of Rig-Yajur-Saama-Atharva who shone like thousand Suns with Golden Colour and approached Vishnu stating that he was the Swayambhu or Self- Generated Brahma the Creator and questioned Vishnu as to who was he! Vishnu replied that he was Supreme Creator-Preserver-Destroyer of the Universe each time there was a Pralaya repeated. As there was some seemingly overlap of functions, Brahma argued and sought to establish his seniority over Vishnu. A huge, lustrous and fiery Linga emerged on its own while mutual arguments were on and the Linga seemed to have neither an end nor beginning. They consented that Brahma should travel up the Linga to ascertain its height and Vishnu should seek the bottom but finally meet at the same place after finding the height and depth. For thousands of years passed by but they could not succeed in the task and having returned to the same place prayed to the Linga Swarupa as follows: Anaadi malasamsaara roga vaidyaaya Shambhavey, Namah Shivaayha Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Muturtaye/ Pralayaarnava Samsthaaya Pralayodbhuti hetavey, Namah Shivaaya Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Murthaye/ Jwaalaamaalaavritaangaaya Jwalanastambha rupiney, Namah Shivaaya Shaattaaya Brahmanmey Linga Murtaye/ Aadi madhyaanta heenaaya Swabhaavaamala deeptaye, Nama Shivaaya Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Murtaye/ Mahaadevaaya Mahatey Jyotishenanta tejasey,

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Namah Shivaaya Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Murtaye/ Nirvikaaraaya Satyaaya Nityaayhaamala tejasey, Namah Shivaaya Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Murtaye/ Vedaanta saara rupaaya Kaalarupaaya Dheematey, Namah Shivaaya Shaantaaya Brahmaney Linga Murtaye/ (You are indeed free from various vikaaras or imbalances and stressful conditions, we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Parabrahma! You are the cause of Pralaya and the totality of water that submerged the Universe; we salute to you Shambu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma! You are of the Physique engulfed with huge garlands of flames as an Unknown Entity in the form of a Pillar; we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma! You are featureless, radiant and transparent without beginning-centre-end; we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma! You are Maha Deva, Mahaan, Jyoti Swarupa and Ananta Tejaswi; we salute to you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma! You are the Pradhana Purusha, Eshwara, Vyoma / Sky Swarupa, Vedha / Brahma; we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma! You are Nirvikaara, Satya, Nitya, Vimala Tejo Rupa; we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Parabrahma! You are the Vedanta Saara or the Essence of Vedanta, Kaala Rupa and Dheeman; we salute you Shambhu, Shiva, Shanta and Linga Murti Para Brahma!) As Vishnu and Brahma extolled the Parabrahma as above, Maha Yogi Parameshwara appeared before them with thousand crores of Faces and with unparalleled illumination and heat likened to crores of Suryaas; he has thousands of hands, feet, Trinetras signifying SuryaChandra-Agni, carrying Pinaka Dhanush and Trishula; wearing Charmaabara and Sarpa Yagnopaveeta; his voice was like thunderous clouds and addressed Vishnu and Brahma as follows: Yuvaam prasutau gaatrebhyo mama Purvam Sanaatanou, Ayam meyDakshiney Paarshvey Brahmaa Loka Pitaamahah, Vaama Parshvey cha mey Vishnuh Paalako Hridaye Harah/ (Maha Deva stated that in the Past, Brahma was born from my right side and Vishnu emerged from the left and Hara was situated in my heart). Maha Deva further stated: Pralahyasthitisargaanaam Kartaa twam Dharanipatey, Vatsa Vatsa Harey Vishvam Paalayaitaccharaacharam/ Tridhaa Bhinnousmyaham Vishno Brahmavishnu Haraakhyayaa, Sarga rakshaa Laya gunairnirgunopi Niranjanah/ (Dharanipati Vatsa Hari! You will be in over-all charge of Srishti-aalana-Pralaya and specifilally for Vishwa Paalana. I shall be the Nirguna Niranjana and at the same time would be divided into Three Rupas as Brahma-Vishnu-Hara). This was how Shri Krishna gave the Origin of Shiva Linga which came to be worshipped all over. Having stated the above, Shri Krishna cautioned all the Narayana Bhaktaas saying: Paraat parataram yaanti Naraayana paraayanaah,

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Na tey tatra gamishyanti ye dwishanti Maheswaram/ Dhyaanam homam Tapastaptam Jnaanam Yajnaadiko vidhih, Teshaam Vinasyanti Kshipram ye nindanti Pinaakinam/ Yo maam samaashrayetrityamekaantam bhava- maashritah, Vinindya Devameeshaanam sa yaanti narakaayutam/ Tasmaat saa Parihartavyaa nindaa Pashupatou Dwijaah, Karmanaa Manasaa Vaachaa tadbhakteyshwapi yatnatah/ ( Surely Narayana bhaktaas should be able to attain excellent Places of Mukti, but who ever think of Maheshwara with dislike would never ever reach any where! Those who keep hatred against and find fault with Shiva would be instantly be negated of their endeavours for Vishnu and their dhyaana, homa, Tapas and Yagnaadi Karyaas would be wasted in futility. What is worse, those who possess negative feelings for Mahadeva should be punished for thousand years of Naraka experiences. My warning to you Dwijaas therefore, Pashupati bhakti must always be retained by way of KarmanaaManasaa-Vaachaa means or by way of deeds-thoughts and speech in favour of Maha Deva!) Veda Vyasa Stuti to Maha Deva: While describing the rampant evils during Kali Yuga when human beings underwent multiple changes in terms of Varna Sankarana, dwindling standards of Dharma and predominance of Vices, Veda Vyasa advised Arjuna to spread the message of resorting to the singular and sincere Shiva Puja to fulfill their desires and destroy their innumerable sins in their lives: Evam Vidho Kali Yugey doshaanaamekashodhanam, Mahadeva Namaskaaro Dhyaanam Daanamiti Shrutih/ Tasmaadaneeshwaraananyaan tyaktwaa Devam Maheswaram, Samaashrayed Virupaaksham yadeecchet Paramam Padam/ Naarchayanteeha ye Rudram Shivam Tridashaavanditam, Teshaam daanam Tapo Yajno Vridhaa Jeevitameyvacha/ (To demolish the blemishes and turpitudes of Kali Yuga, human beings have a singular solution to salute, meditate and perform worship and charities in the name of Maha Deva as affirmed in Vedas; hence, those determined to attain Parama Pada would worship Maha Deva only and maximise the effect of the virtuous deeds like Daana-Tapa-and Yajnas). In this context, Veda Vyasa Maharshi recited the following Commendation to Parama Shiva: Namo Rudraaya Mahatey Deva Devaaya Shuliney, Traimbikaaya Trinetraaya Yoginaam Guravey Namah/ Namostu Vaamadevaaya Mahaadevaaya Vedhasey, Shambhavey Sthaanavey nityam Shivaaya Parameshthiney, Namah Somaaya Rudraaya Mahaagraasaaya Hetavey/

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Prapadeyham Virupaaksham Sharanyam Brahmachaarinam, Mahaa Devam Mahaayogameeshaanam chaambikaa patim/ Yoginaam Yogadaataaram Yogamaayaa samaavritam, Yoginaam Gurumaachaaryam Yogigamyam Pinaakinam/ Samsaara taaranam Rudram Brahmaanam Brahmanodhipam, Shaaswatam Sarvagam Shaantam Brahmanyam Braahmanapriyam/ Kapardinam Kaala Murti- mamrutim Parameshwaram, Eha Murtim Mahaa Murtim Vedavedyam Divaspatim/ Neela kantham Vishwamurtim Vyaapinam Vishwaretasam, Kaalaagnim Kaala dahanam Kaamadam Kaama naashanam/ Namsye Gireesham Devam Chandraavayava bhushanamn, Vilohitam Lelmaanama adityam Paramshthinam, Ugram Pashupatam Bheemam Bhaskaram Tamasah param/ ( My namaskaraas to Trishuladhaari Rudra! You are Traimbaka, Trilochana, and Yoga Guru; You are Mahadeva, Vedhaa, Vaama Deva, Shambhu, Sthaanu, Parameshti and Shiva! My salutations to you Soma, Rudra, Mahagraasa or he who absorbed the whole Prapancha into himself at the time of Pralaya and Kaarana Rupa or the Form of the Root Cause. I seek shelter from Virupaaksha worthy of refuge; Bramachari; Maha Yoga Swarupa, Ishaana and Ambikaapati. I seek asylum from Yoga Pradaana or the Maha Yogi who provides Yoga, the Yoga Guru, Yoga Gamya or the Destination to Yogis; I seek sanctuary from Samsaara Taarana or the Breaker of Worldly Shackles; You are Rudra, Brahma, Brahmaadhipati, Shaswata, Sarva Vyapi, Shanta, Brahmana Rakshaka, Brahmana Priya, Jataadhaari, Kala Murti, Amurti or Formless; Eka Murti, Maha Murti, Veda Vedya, Dyuloka Swami, Nila Kantha, Vishwa Murti, Sarva Vyaapi, Vishwa reta or the one whose virility created the Universe; Kaalaagni Rupa, Kaala dahana or who put Kaala to flames; Kaama Prada, Kaama Naashaka, Chandra bhushana, Raktavarna, Graasa, Aditya, Ugra, Pashupati, Bheema, Bhaskara, Paresha and Parameshti!). Having extolled Maha Deva thus, Veda Vyasa taught the formal Shiva worship to Arjuna of Pandavaas. Arjuna practised the worship with great sincerity and became invincible in the context of the Great Battle of Maha Bharatha. As he continued his devotion thus, Maha Deva put Arjuna to test by assuming the Swarupa of a hunter of a Boar; when the arrows of Arjuna and Maha Deva in disguise hit the boar simultaneously, Arjuna entered into an argument with the Hunter in disuguise followed by real fight with Maheswara and after testing Arjunas capability revealed himself and blessed Arjuna with Pashupataastra Vidya. As he was fortified himself with Paasupada Vidya, Arjuna fought with great confidence and became a renowned hero of Maha Bharata Battle, with the unique support of Shri Krishna and the blessings of Maha Deva. Varanasi Mahatmya: Krittivaasa, Kapardesha, Omkaaresha, Madhyesha & Vishweshwara Suta Maha Muni quoted Veda Vyasas reported conversation between Devi Parvati and Maheswara about the significance of Varanasi or Avimukta Kshetra, where Maha Deva was stated to have assumed Kaala Swarupa and intiated Samsara Samhara or the Universal Destruction at the time of

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Maha Pralaya. Parama Shiva affirmed that this was his most beloved Kshetra and the devotees worshipping there with Ganga Snaana, Daana, Japa, Yajna, Tapas, Karma, Dhyana, Adhyayana of Scriptures and Jnaanaarjana or Earning of Jnaana would have multiplier effects; those who enter the Kshetra would have their thousands of past and current sins destroyed while by chance they die at the Place-be they Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, others, women, Mlecchaas, or any other species like animals, repliles, birds and even Krimi/ Keetaas- would instantly assume Shiva Swarupas and attain Kailasa: Naavimukey Mritaha kaschinnarakam kilimbishi, Ishwaraanugraheetahi Sarvey yaanti Paramam Gatim/ Moksham sudurlabham matvaa Samsaaram chaati bheeshanam, Ashmanaa charanou hatwaa Vaaranaasyaam vasennarah/ (Those extreme and confirmed sinners who die at Varanasi would certainly not visit Narakaas and by the grace of Ishwara would secure Parama Gati. That should be the reason that human beings might even break their feet with stones but still prefer reside at Varanasi). Those who suffer hurdles and difficulties but still prefer to stay at Varanasi would indeed never regret as they were sure of permanent bliss instead of shirking passing troubles. Indeed there are countless Sacred Tirthaas in Bharata Desha such as Prayaga, Naimishaaranya, Shrishaila, Kedara, Bhadrakarna, Gaya, Pushkara, Kurukshetra, Rudrakoti, Narmada, Amraatakeshwara, Shaaligraama, Kubjaagra, Prabhasa, Vijayeshaana, Gokarna and Bhadrakarna and so on and their Mahima too was of consequence, but those bhaktas who attain the Punya by dying at Varanasi were stated to be of unparalleled impact. Bathing in Ganga which was called Tripatha Gaamini or the Holy River that travelled in Triloklas of Swarga-Bhumi-Pataalaas has unique signficance as it washes of the blemishes of thousands of births.The presence of Ganga, the superiority of Maha Devas residence there and the combined effect of Shraaddha, Daana, Tapa, Japa and Vrata woud indeed make the stay of Bhaktas the most important event ever and also the easiest in terms of effort.This Kshetra is called Avimukta as it should be never left away nor deserted; it provides Brahma Gyaan and those who die there are provided the Upadesha or Instruction of Tataka Brahma by Maha Deva Himself! Yat tat parataram Tatwamaviktamiti shrutam, Ekena Janmanaa Devi! Vaaranaasyaam tadaapnuyaat/ (That Paraatara Tatwa as instructed to the persons on death bed is called Avimuktaand that Upadesha might indeed be possible in a single life itself!) Varanasi Kshetra is basically in between the two Rivers called Varuna and Asi. The Kshetra is famed for Five Sacred Lingas viz. Krittivaaseshwara, Madhyameshwara, Vishweshwara, Omkaareshwara and Kapardeshwara.Veda Vyaasa showed the Five Lingas to his disciples and explained to them of their significance: Krittivaasa Linga was signified as a Daitya who assumed the Form of an Elephant used to kill Brahmana devotees in meditation of Shiva and the latter killed the elephant and sported the wearing of the elephant skin and hence the name of Krittivaaseshwara. The Mahtmya of Kapardeeshwara Linga or Shiva of Matted Locks was explained by Vyaasa to his students: Once a Tiger chased a deerkid and killed it in the presence of Kapardeshwara Linga and most surprisingly the killed deer-kid was received by a Shiva-like Purusha and Gandharvas sang melodies and rained flowers on it! Vyasa said that those who performed Kapardeswara Lingaarchana after taking bath in a Pishacha Sarovara would be blessed by Maha Deva at once and narrated the legend of a Learned and Virtuous

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Brahmana named Shankhukarna who was always engaged in Shiva Linga Puja with high earnestness. One day, he saw a Piscacha swooning with hunger and thirst approached him crying as it was unable to withstand its pitiable condition. Shankhukarna asked the Piscacha about his background and the latter revealed that he too was a Brahmana but he never performed any worship nor Atithi (Guest) Puja and not even a small good turn excepting looking after himself and his family. Only once he came across a Shiva Linga, touched it and greeted it with sincerity and almost at the same time died suddenly; the Yama dutaasarrived but converted him as a Piscacha and eversince then was wandering with extreme hunger and thirst! Shankhukarna heard the story and appreciated that atleast once the Piscacha before his death visioned touched and greeted a Shiva Linga as he died and became a Piscacha! That occurrence was significant enough and asked to take bath in a Pond near the Kapardeshwara Linga; as the Pischa took bath as advised by sincerely praying to Mahadeva and instantly the Piscacha fell and a Celestial Form emerged and flew up in a Vimanaas Gandharvas and Apsaras welcomed him into it! Shankukarna witnessed the happening about the Piscacha and could not resist the recitation of a long Prayer to Kapardi which began and ended as follows: Kapardinam twaam Paratah Parastaad Goptaaramekam Purusham Puraanam, Vrajaami Yogeshwara meeshitaaramaadityamagnim Kapilaadhirudham/ Vrajaami nityam sharanam Guhesham Sthaanum prapadye Girisham Puraarim, Shivam Prapadye Haramindumoulim Pinaakinam twaam sharanam vrajaami/ (I seek sharanamor sanctuaryto you Paratara, Paraatpara, Adwiteeya, Sarva Rakshaka, Purana Purusha, Yogeshwara, Niyamaka, Aditya, Agni Swarupa, Vrishabha Vaahana!- I crave for the protection of Shaanu Swarupa, Guhesha or Buddhi Incarnate, Gireesha, Chandramouli Hara, Shiva, Pinaakidhara!). As Shankukarnas Stuti ended, he fell down unconscious and Kapardi Swami appeared before him and absorbed in his fold! Omkareshwara Linga Mahima was explained by Veda Vyasa to his sishyas that even by pronouncing its name, massive sins get crunched. Maha Vidwaans who comprehended the purport of Jnaana realised that Pashupati was an embodiment of Panchaarthaviz. Ateeta Shanti or Supreme Bliss, Shanti or Harmony and Amity, High degree of Vidya or Knowledge, Pratishtha or Utmost Reputation and Nivruitti or Detachment or Path of Liberation; all these Five Essentials were derivated from Omkara Swarupa as the composite Form of the Panchayatana Rupa of Maha Deva; a devotee who had the comprehension of the Omkara Swarupa at the Time of his / her termination would enter into that Territory of Effulgence and through it would get absorbed into Parameshwara. That indeed was the most powerful worship possible to Omkareshwara, stated Veda Vyasa. Devarshis, Brahmarshis and Maha Siddhaas do realise the scope, depth and intensity of worshipping Omkareshwara as a part of Nyasaor Unification of the Self and the Supreme! Veda Vyasa and his pupils visited Madhyameshwara Linga on the banks of River Mandakini an extension of Ganga and some of the very keen devotees of Madhyamesha enquired about Veda Vyaasa and the latters followers introduced their Guru as Krishna Dwaipaayana Vyaasa of the Amshaof Narayana himself and the regular devotees of the Linga extended their courtesies to Vyasa. It was learnt that in the past Shri Krishna performed Paashupata Vrata to this very Linga and stayed there for a year by shaving his head, applying ash and wearing Rudraksha Malaas and finally had Shambhus darshan and secured boons. Even one time worship to Madhyeshwara in ones lifetime after taking bath in Mandakini, daana, tapas, shraaddha and Pindadaana to Pitras would annul life time sins of even Brahmahatya nature, said Vyasa. He affirmed that Mandakini snaana and worship to Madhyameshwara would yield ten times bigger fruits than that of Kurukshetra at the time of Solar Eclipse.

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While referring to Varanashi Kshetra Mahima, Veda Vyasa enlightened his followers about several Punya Tirthas attached to the banks of Ganga such as Vishwarupa Tirtha, Taala Tirtha, Akaasha Tirtha, Gauri Tirtha, Prajapatya Tirtha, Swarga Dwaara, Jambukeshwara, Jnaana Tirtha, Yama Titha, Agni Tirtha and so on and finally reached Brahma Tirtha. It is believed that once Brahma brought a Linga and went to have his bath and meanwhile Vishnu installed it and told Brahma that he had greater faith in Rudra Deva than Brahma but however the Linga would be known to have been installed at Brahma Tirtha. Having further visited quite a few other Tirthas, Vyasa finally had his bath along with his sishyas and performed Vishweshwara Linga Puja; he settled down at Varanasi for some time and asked his sishyas to settle down at their will. Mahatma Vyasa then stayed there by performing Rudraabhishekaas thrice a day while taking food from his bhiksha or charity. One day, he could not secure the bhiksha and a furious Vyasa threatened that he would curse to the inhabitants of Varanasi to create Vighnasor obstacles and Devi Parvati appeared and requested Vyasa not to curse but take food from herself instead. Having given the bhiksha, Devi asked Vyasa not to stay in Varanasi further since he was short tempered; Vyasa apologised and requested her to let him visit the Place only on Chaturthis and Ashtamis and Devi agreed accordingly. Suta Maha Muni gave Phala Shruti of about the Mahatmya of Varanasi as follows: as follows: Yah pathedavimuktasya Mahatmyam Shrunuyaadapi, Shravayeda vaa Dwijaan Shaantaan sopi yaati paraam gatim/ Shraaddevaa Dauvikey Kaarye Raatraavahani vaa Dwijaah, Nadeenaam chaiva Teereshu Devataanataneshu cha/ Snaatwaa Samaahita manaa damhamaatsraya varjitah, Japedisham Namaskrutya sa yaati Paramaam Gatim/ (Whoever would read, hear or narrate about the Avimuta or Vaaranasi Kshetra would definitely secure Maha Punya; if a person took bath and engaged in performing shraaddhaas, Deva Karyaas, either in the day or night, on the banks of Ganga or in Mandirs, freed from dambhaor self-pride or Matsara or narrow-mindedness, and meditate Maha Deva, would indeed secure Parama Gati). Triveni Sangama (Prayaga) Mahatmya On the conclusion of Maha Bharata Battle at Kurukhsherta, Yuddishtara was crowned as the King, but a huge feeling of remorse haunted him as he was responsible for the killings of close relatives like grandfather-figures, Gurus, uncles, his own elder brother, first cousins and their sons apart from countless soldiers. He then expressed his wish to atone for the killings and requested Mahatma Markandeya to suggest the best way out perform Prayaschitta or formal expiation as per Vedic course. Markandeya readily suggested Prayaga Tirtha Darshana for the purpose of penance and reparation. He stated that the Kshetra was protected against Evils by some sixty thousand Bows and Arrows in favour of Ganga and by Sabita Deva riding seven horses protecting River Yamuna while Devi Saraswati was flowing as Antarvaahini or under ground-current at this famed Triveni Sanagamam or the Confluence of the Three Rivers of Ganga-Yamuna-Saraswati. Markandeya also affirmed that Indra Deva along with Devas stayed at the Prayaga Kshetra and Vishnu himself protected the Prayaga Mandali. Further, Maha Deva himself secured Parayaga and the Vata Vrikhsa or the Banyan Tree on its River-Banks. Indeed, a person who might have committed even a minute sin was not eligible to Moksha but let alone him or her committing high proportion of sins could be qualified for Salvation instantly: Prayaagam smaranaamasya Sarvamaayaati Sankshamam,

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Darshanaat tasya Tirthasya naama samkirtinaadapi, Mrittikaa labhanaad vaapi Narah Paapaat Pramuchyatey/ (Prayaga Smarana or the very thought of Prayaga would suffice to unleash sins; Prayaga Darshana, Naama Samkirtana, or even a touch of the dust of Prayaga would destroy serious sins. There are Five Kundaas in the Confluence of Prayaga and each one of them were excellent points of Purification. If by mischance, a human being were to suffer diseases, taken to the Triveni Sangama and died there, then transportation of Sun-Radiant Like Vimanas to Parama Pada. Markandeya stated further that Pitru oriented or even Self-oriented deeds must be accompanied by charities in the intermediate place of Ganga and Yamuna and such charities would have multiplier effect. Charity of a Kapila Cow with golden or silver covered horns and with clothing all over its body would have the Punya of accomplishing Rudra loka for thousand years! Markandeya warned those reaching Prayaga by a Vrishabha as they would be liable to reach Narakas. But auspicious deeds like weddings in the intermediate region of Ganga and Yamuna Sangam would avoid Narakas and assure joy for long long time. A person performing Snaana and severe / difficult Vrataas at the Sangam would reap the benefit of Ashwamedha and Rajasuya Yagnaas. Along with the banks of Yamuna and Ganga are countless Tirthaas, each of which had a description to provide; for instance, Yamunas southern side two Maha Nagas called Kambal and Ashwatara who were Parama Bhaktas of Maha Deva stayed and sacred snaanaas at that Tirtha would wash off Maha Paapas. On Gangas eastern side there was a famed Sarva Saamudra Gahvara or Cave and those who could stay there for three days and nights observing Brahmacharya and mental control would secure Ashvamedha Yagna Punya. Another Tirtha named Hamsaprapatana near Pratishthanapura and the belief was that Apsara Urvashi landed there by her Hamsa and bathing there would fetch Yagna Phala. Then there was a very Sacred Koti Tirtha where if a person died then he or she would spend Swarga Loka for a crore of years. Siddha Kshetra on Ganaga banks near Prayaga is reputed as the one which provided salvation to human beings on Earth, to those in Pataala Lokas and also to Devas in Higher Lokas, thus the Tirtha was reputed as Tripathaga. Maharshi Markandeya emphasised Sangama Snaana in Magha Month for three days as that would secure passage to Higher Lokas. Another revelation was that those who could perform Karishagni Sevaor Tapasya within a circle of flames of dried cow-dung at the Sangama Place would preserve his or her Sarvaangaas in tact without any kind of illnesses through out their lives with physical fitness! Yet another Tirtha on the nothern side of River Yamuna called Runa Vimochana or freedom from indedtedness. . ISHVARA GITA

Delineation of Atma Tatwa Swarupa (Guhya Jnaana) Suta Maha Muni quoted Veda Vyasa to the Rishis at Naimisha Forest that Brahmavaadisor those who cogitated about Brahma Gyanaor the Knowledge of Brahma like Sanat Kumara,Sanaka, Sanandana, Angira, Bhrigu, Kanaada, Kapila, Vaama Deva, Shukra and Vasishtha prayed to Narayana Maharshi at Badarikaashrama and the latter appeared along with Nara Maharshi. The Brahmavaadis requested Narayana Maharshi to answer certain queries which had not been replied satisfactorily in their comprehension such as to what was the raison dtreor the cause of Creation; which was the Shakti that scripted, sustained and decimated it; what precisely that Atma or Soul meant and what indeed was the Paramartha or the Final Goal all about! On hearing this, Maharshi Narayana discarded the Form of a Tapaswi and assumed the distinct Swarupa of Vishnu with Four Hands and Ornamentation of Shankha-Chakra-Gadaa-Saaranga besides Srivatsa accompanied by Devi Lakshmi. Simultaneously, Maha Deva too appeared at the behest of Vishnu as both of them were

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seated comfortably and when Vaasudeva posed the same questions that the Maharshis gave, Maheswara provided replies while cautioning confidentialty of the explanations: Atmaa yah Kevalah Swasthaha Shaantah Sukshmah Sanaatanah, Asti Sarvaantaraha Saakshaa- cchinmaatrastamasah Parah/ Sontaryaami sa Purushaha sa Praanah sa Maheswaraha, Sa Kaalogni-stadavyaktam sa Ye Vedamiti Shrutih/ Asmaad Vijaayatey Vishwamaschaiva pravileeyatey, Sa maayi Maayaya baddhah karoti Vividhaastanuh/ (Vedas affirmed that Atmaor The Soul which was Unique or Singular, Vigorous, Wholesome, Tranquil, Tiny, Ancient, Intrinsic and beyond Tamo Guna was the Purusha, the Praana or Life and Maheshwara himself as also Agni, Kaala and the Unknown! This Samasara or the Universe was created by Parameshwara who also absorbed it into him; the Maha Maya which surrounded lesser layers of Maya created various Beings; indeed, the Pure Atma was not subject to changes nor features; it neither allowed transformation nor was prone to motivation). Na chaapyam samsarati na cha Samsaarayet Prabhuh, Naayam Prithi na Salilam na Tejah Pavano Nabhah/ Na Praano na Mano Vyaktam Na shabdah sparsha yevacha, Na Rupa rasaghandhaascha naaham Kartaa na Vaagapi/ Na Paani paadow no paayurna chopastham Dwijottamaah, Na Kartaacha na Bhoktaa vaa nacha Prakritin Purushou, Na Maayaa naiva cha Praanashchaitanyam Paramaarthathah/ (The Supreme Atma was neither Earth, nor Water, Tejas / Radiance, Wind nor Sky. It was neither Life, nor Mind, nor the Unknown, nor Shabda /Sound-Rasa/ Taste-Gandha /Smell; it was not the feeling of the Self nor of the Voice. One coud not identify the Soul as hands, feet, nor the Marmaavayaas; neither the Kartaa the Performer nor Bhokta- the one who experienced the performance; The Atma was not Prakriti and Purusha; not the Maya /Illusion and Life; in fact the Universe and Paramatma are clearly separated entities! Yathaa Prakaasha tamasoh sambandho nopapadyatey, Tadvaikyam na sambanthah Prapancha Paramaatmanoh/ Chaayaa tapou yathaa lokey Paraspara vilakshanou, Tadah tasya Bhaven muktirjanmaantara shatairapi/ Pashyanti Mumanayo yuktaah swaatmaanam Paramaardhatah, Vikaara heenam Nirduhkha maanaanda -atmaanavyayam/ Aham Kartaa Sukhi Duhkhi Krusha Sthuleti yaa matih,

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Saa chaahankaara krutwaadaatmanya ropyatey Janaih/ ( Just as darkness and light were clearly distinctive, Samsara and Paramatma had no relevance of each other. Purusha and Prapancha too were quite different like sunshine and shadow. If Atma were unclean, diseased and full of malices by nature, then it could never have been purified even after thousands of lives and Yogis or Sages could never have visioned a spotless, blissful, indestructible and eternal Soul otherwise!) Paramatma therefore emphasised thus: Aham Kartaa Sukhi Duhkhi Krushah Sthuleti yaa matih, Saa chaahankaara kartutwaa daatma -atmanyaa ropyatey janaih/ Vadanti Veda Vidwaamsaha saakshinaam Prakruteyh Param, Bhoktaara -maksharam Shuddham Sarvatra Samavasthitam/ Tasmaadajnaana mulo hi Samsaarah Sarva dehinaam, Ajnaanaadyanyathaa Jnaanam taccha Prakriti sangatam/ ( Human Beings tend to attribute their feelings as per their own mind-set and Ahamkaara/self- pride as though they were the Kartas or the responsible persons for their happiness, unhappiness, thinness or stoutness and so on; accordingly they reflect their emotions and sentiments to their inner consciousness and Atma (Soul). But those who were enlightened and learned with the knowledge of Vedas and Scriptures would indeed realise that there was a force beyond them and their nature and that indeed was the Eternal and All-Pervasive Para Tatwa; ignorance of that Reality which was far different from the illusion was the High Divider.) Nityoditah Swayam Jyotih Sarvagah Purushah Parah, Ahamkaaravivekena Kartaahamiti manyatey/ Pashyanti Rishayovyaktam Nityam Sadasaad makam, Pradhaanam Prakritim buddhwaa kaaranam Brahma vaadinah/ Tenaayam samgatohyatmaa Kutasthopi Niranjanah, Swaatmaanamaksharam Brahma naavabudhyet Tatwath/ Anaatmanyaatma vijnaanam tasmaad duhkham tathetaram, Raagadweshaadayo doshaah Sarvey bhraanti nibandha naah/ Karmanyasya bhaved dosah Punyaapunyamiti stitih, Tadhshaa Deva Sarveshaam Sarva Deva samudbhavah/ (Due to ones own ego and ignorance, human beings tended to confuse themselves as Parama Purusha -the Self-Illuminated one- and declared that whatever was achieved or not was due to their own effort or lack of it. Brahmavaadi Rishis would clearly distinguish the Supreme, the Prakriti, and the Cause as also the Truth and Fallacy and thus seek Saakshaatkaaraor Ready Realisation. The dormant, invisible and unfelt Truth would indeed coexist with the illusions of life vis--vis the Eternal which got camouflaged! In the Anaatma Tatwa or of the Non-Soul, even Atma Vijnana too woud get polluted due to bhranti or illusions as likings and dislikings were produced leading to Depravities or Moralities. This was the reason why PaapaPunyaas got generated and different kinds of human beings came into existence.)

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Nityah Sarvatragohyaatmaa Kutastho Dosha Varhitah, Eka sa bhidyatey Shaktyaa Maayaya na swabhavatah/ Tasmaadadvaitamevaahur Munayah Paramaartaah, Bhedo Vykaswabhaavena saa cha Maayaatmasamshrayaa/ Yathaa hi dhumasamparkaannaakaasho maliney bhavet, Antahkaarana jairbhaavairaatmaa tadatra lipyatey/ Yathaa swaprabhayaa bhaati Kevalah Spatikomalah, Upaadhiheeno Vimalaastathaivaatmaa Prakaashatey/ Jnaana swarupameyvaahur jagatetad Vichakshanaah, Artha swarupamevaajnaah pashyantanye kudrushtayah/ ( That was also the reason why the Unique Partamatma was displayed in variegated types of Beings due to Maya Shakti or the Power of Illusion. Munis therefore believed firmly that Atma by itself was Advaita or Singular but due to interaction with Maya looked as several entities, just as hot sunshine would pollute the Sky and hence the Purity of Atma was affected) . Yadaa Sarvani Bhutaani Swaatmanyevabhi pashyati, Sarva Bhuteshu chaatmaanaam Brahmaa sampadyatey tadaa/ Yadaa Sarvaani Bhutaani samaadhistho na pashyati, Ekibhutah parenaasou tyadaa bhavanti kevalah/ Yadaa Sarvey pramuchyatey Kaamaa yesya hrudi sthitaah, Tadaasaavamrutibhutah kshemam gacchati Panditah/ Yadaa Bhuta prudhakbhaavamekastha manupashyati, Tata eva cha vistaaram Brahmaa sampadyatey tadaa/ Yadaa pashyati chaatmaanam kevalam Paramaarthatah, Mayaa maatram Jagat krutstnam tadaa Bhavai Nivrutah/ (When Yogis could view all the Beings as existed in their own selves, that would become the achievement of Brahma Bhava. When Yogis reached a Samadhi Position or an Elevated Status of Enlightenment perceiving that all Beings in the World were just the same then they would have reached Atma Darshana or the Vision of the Soul and Brahma Bhava or the feeling of Oneness. Yogis woud then have no further desires and reach a stage of Fulfillment; then they feel equality of all Beings and sincerely reach a sensation of Oneness or Brahma Prapti. When Yogis vision Paramaartha and the Uniqueness of the Supreme then Maya or Illusion would have been destroyed and the entire Universe would look as a Single Entity.) Yadaa Janma jaraa duhkhavyaadheenaa meka bheshajam,

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Kevalam Brahma Vijnaanam Jaayatosow tadaa Shivah/ Yathaa Nadee nadaa lokey Saarenaikataam yayuh, Tadaatmaakharenaasou nishkalenai -kataam vrajet/ ( When Yogis realise that birth, old-age, misery and disease would happen due to Karma or previous actions and of the awareness of that Brahma Gyan, then Shiva Rupa would have been realised. Just as Rivers and Rivulets would reach the Ocean finally, the individual Jeevatmaas would get submerged into Paramatma.) Tasmad Vigjnanamevaasti na Prapancho na Samsrutih, Agjnaanenaavrutam Loko Vigjnaanam tena muhyati/ Tad jnaanam Nirmalam Sukshmam Nirvikalpam yadavyayam, Agjnaana mitarat Sarvam Vgjnaanamiti mey matam/ Etad vah Paramam Sankhyam bhaashitam Jnaana muttamam, Sarva Vedaanta saaram hi yogatastraikachittataa/ Yogaat sanjyayatey Jnaanam Jnaanaad yogah pravartatey, Yogi Jnaanaabhi yuktasya naavaapyam Vidyatey kwachit/ Yadeva Yogino yaanti Saankhyaistadadhigamyatey, Evam Saankhyam cha yoga cha pashyati sa tatwavit/ (Hence, Vigjnaanaa was ever-existent and not Samsara; Vigjnaana / Knowledge was surrounded by Agjnaana/ignorance. In other words, what ever was Nirmala, Sukshma and Avyaya was Jnaana and the rest was worthy of discarding. Sankhya Yoga was that Jnaana only and was the Essence of Vedas. That was what worth concentrating about.) Having explained the above, Parameswara told the Brahmavadi Maharshis further as follows: Esha Atmaahamavyakto Maayaavi Parameshwarah, Keertitah Sarva Vedeshu Sarvaatmaa Sarvato mukhah/ Sarva Kaamah Sarva rasah Sarvagandhojaraamarah, Sarvatah paanipaadohamantaryaami Sanaatanah/ Apaani paado javano graheetaa hridi samsthitah, Achakshurapi pasyaami tathaa karnah shrunomyaham/ Vedaaham Sarvamevedam na maam janaati kaschana, Praahumarhaantam Purusham maamekam Tatwa darshanah/ Pashyanti Rishayo hetumaatopanah Sukshma darshanah, Nirgunaamala rupasya attaddaishwaryamuttamam/

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Yatra Devaa vijaananti mohiyaa mama Maayayaa, Vakshye samaahitaa yuyam Shrunudhwam Brahma vaadinah/ Naaham prashastaa Sarvasya Maayaatitah swabhavatah, Preranaami yathaapeedam kaaranam Sooraye Viduh/ Yasmey guhyatamam deham sarvagam Tatwadarshanah, Pravishtaa mama Saayujyam labhantey Yoginovyayam/ Teshaam hi vashamaapannaa Maayaa mey Vishwarupini, Labhantey Paramaam Shuddhim Nirvaanam tey mayaa saha/ Na teshaam punaraavrittih Kalpakoti shatairapi, Prasaadaan mama Yogeendraa etad Vedaanushaasanam/ Naaputra sishya yogibhyo daatavyam Brahma -vaadibhih, Maduktametad Vigjnaanam Samkhyayoga samaashrayam/ ( I am Antaryami, Avyakta, Maayavi , Parameshwara, Sarva Veda Swarupa, Sarvatma, Sarva Kaama, Sarva Rasa, Sarva Gandha, Ajara, Amara, Sanaatana and full bodied with hands and feet, although I can move without hands and feet. I am fully aware of the ins-and-outs of the Prapancha but none knows about me. Some call me Adviteeya and some hetuvaadaas claim that they are aware of the Cause of their existence, but for sure even Devas are not aware of my Reality as they are all steeply immersed in Maya. Now, listen to me carefully: Even being fully independent of and distinct from Maya, I provoke Maya to create situations due to reasons of such situations and accordingly Maya generates the specific situations. My all-pervasive dehaor Physique [which certainly not the outcome of Pancha Buthas or Gunas or Tatwas which were my branded products] is perhaps partly visioned by Tatva darshis and Maha Yogis and some selected few are even absorbed into me which is called Sayujya! Such handpicked ones would not have Punarjanma for even crores of Kalpas; indeed that would be my Directive and Discretion. The Atma Tatwa or the Saankhya Yoga Samanvita Vijnaana that I am now indicating in a hazy form may be taught to Brahma Vaadis to their sons, dicsiples or trusted Yogis only and to none else!) Shiva Bhakti, Shiva Shakti, Shiva Tatwa and Shiva Tandava Parama Shiva asserted: Naaham Tapobhirvividhairna Daanena na cheyjyayaa, Shakyo hi Purushair jaaturmutey Bhaktiamanuttamaam/ ( I am always realisable by Bhakti or Pure Devotion and not necessarily by Tapasya, Daana or Charity and Yagnaas!) Na madbhaktaa vinashyanti madbhaktaa veeta kalmashaah, Aadaavetat pratigjaanam na mey bhaktah pranashyati/ Patram Pushpam Phalam toyam madaaraadhana kaaranaat,

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Yo mey dadaati niyatah sa meyBhaktah Priyomatah/ (My Bhaktaas would never be destroyed nor harmed but would be washed off their sins as I took a vow that my Bhaktas are protected. Bhaktas are merely required to perform my Puja with utmost sincerity and offer leaves, flowers, fruits and even water as I would be pleased). Shiva Shakti: Aham hi Jagataa maadou Brahmanaam Parameshthinam, Vidhaaya dattavaan Vedaanasehaanaatmanih srutaan/ Ahamevahi Sarveshaam yoginaam Gururavyayah, Dhaarmika naam cha goptaahey nihantaa Vedavidwishaam/ Aham vai Sarva samsaaraan mochako yoginaamiha, Samsaara hetureyvaaham sarva Samsaara Varjitah/ ( I had in the beginning created Brahma and gave him Vedas as the Guidelines; I am also the Yoga Guru and provided protection to the Virtuous Persons and punished those who negated the values enunciated in Vedas; and I am the liberator of Yogis, the Cause of Samsara and yet also displeased with Samsaara.) Ahamevahi Samhartaa Srashtaaham Paripaalakah, Maayaavi Maamikaa Shaktirmayaa Loka Vimohini/ Mamaiva cha Paraa Shaktiryaa saa Vidyoti geeyatey, Naashayaami tayaa Maayaam yoginaam hridi samsthitah/ Aham hi Sarva Shaktinaam Pravartak nivartakah, Adhaara bhutah sarvaasaam nidhaanamamrutasya cha/ Ekaa sarvaantaraa Shaikih karoti vividham Jagat, Aasthaaya Brahmano rupam manmayee madadhishtitaa/ Anyaa cha Shaktirvipulaa Samsthaapayati mey Jagat, Bhutwaa Naaraayanonanto Jagannaadho Jaganmayah/ Triteeyaa Mahati Shaktirnihanti sakalam Jagat, Taamasi mey samaakhyaataa Kaalaakhyaa Rudra Rupini/ ( I am the Maayavior the Great Magician and my Shakti is Maya who is the Top Temptress of the World. Parashakti is my product and is known as Vidya; I stay in the hearts of Yogis and counter the Maya ; All types of Shakti emerge from me and also submerge into me!) Shiva stated further: I am the Adhaaraor the Huge Hold of the Prime Shakti; One facet of that Shakti is Brahma the Srashta; my secondary Shakti is identified as Jagannadha Narayana.; the Third Ramification is Taamasi Shakti viz. Rudra-Kaala Shakti, which terminates the Creation).

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Dhyanena maam prapashyanti kechirjjnanena chaaparey, Aparey bhakti yogena chaaparey/ Sarveshaameva bhaktaamaamishtah Priyataro mama, Yohi jnaanena maam nitya maadhaaraahyayati nyaayathaa/ Anye chaye trayo Bhaktaa madaaraadhana kaankshinah, Teypi maam praapunanteva naavartantey cha vai punah/ (Some persons seek my Darshan through Dhyaana or meditation, some by Jnaana, but those by Bhakti are most dear to me and they would have no re-birth). Shiva Tatwa: Mayaa tatamidam krutsnam Pradhaana Purushaatmakam, Mayyeva Samsthitam Vishwam mayaa sampreryatey Jagat / Naaham prerayitaa Vipraah Paramam Yogamaashritah, Prerayaami Jagatkrutsnametadyo Veda somrutah/ Pashyaamaseshamey Vedam Vartamaanam Swabhaavatah, KarotiKaalo Bhagavaan Mahayogeshwarah swayam/ Yogah samprochyatey yogi Maayaa Shaastreshu Sooribhih, Yogeshwaro sou Bhagavan MahadevoMahaan Prabhuh/ Mahatwam Sarva tatwaanaam Paratwaan Parameshthinah, Prochyatey Bhagavan Brahmaa Mahaan Brahma mayomalah/ Yo maamevam Vijaanaati Mahayogeswareswaram, So Vikalpena Yogena yujjatey naatra samshayah/ Soham prerayitaa Devah Paramaananda maashritah, Nrityaami Yogi satatam yastad Veda sa Vedavit/ Iti guhyatamam Jnaanam Sarva Vedeshu nisthitam, Prasanna chetasy deyam Dharmakaayaahitaagnaye/ ( My Purusha Swarupa is spread all over and the Samasara in totality is prompted by it. Yet I am always engrossed in Yoga and as such am not the Prompter either; indeed this is the key secret and those who realise this know every thing. As far as I am concerned, I do note the evolutions of the lives of the Beings and keep analysing the changes no doubt; but whatever actions need to be taken are performed Bhagavan Kaala himself. Vidwans of Shastras use the nomeclature of Maya and attribute it to the Maha Yogeshwara himself; Paramatma is far above and distinct Tatwas yet at the same time significance of Tatwas is hidden in Bhagavan! Those Maha Yogeshwaras visualise that Bhagavan is

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perhaps in Nirvikalpa Samaadhi and even the prompting of actions are not done my him! This indeed appears to be the Guhya Jnaana unsolved and appears to have been hidden still in the unknown depths of Vedas! Perhaps the solution is left in the tranquil imagination of Dharmic and Ever engaged Agnihotris! Shiva Tandava (The Cosmic Dance of Maha Deva): Veda Vyas described Shiva Tandava on the clear skies along with Vishnu when Maharshis visioned as a feast to their eyes and to the full contentment of their life-time. Those Maharshis who imagine Shivas sacred feet in their imagination and get freed from their fears arising from their ignorance had the fill of their ambition; indeed they had actually seen and heard most memorable action with reverberating sounds across the skies! They visioned Parama Rudra with thousand resplendent heads, hands and feet with matted hair, half moon on his head, tiger skin as his clothing, huge hands swaying Trishula, Danda held in palms, Three Eyes of Surya, Chandra and Agni representing Three Vedas, Three Gunas, Tri Lokas; his physique encompassing the Brahmanda; producing Agni Jwaalaasfrom each thumping of his dancing feet and with an awesome and frightening body profile! The Brahmavaadis had actually seen with their inner eyes while Maha Deva was being worshipped by Brahma, Indra and Devatas besides Yogis and Maha Munis with their heads down, feet prostrated and hands folded kept on their heads; they all witnessed glimpses of Narayana also taking part in the Cosmic Dance. Sanat Kumara, Sanaka, Bhrigu, Sanatana, Sanandana, Rudra, Angira, Vamadeva, Shukra, Atri, Kapila and Marichi had all witnessed too the Celestial Scene and thanked themselves with exclamations of Dhanyaor applauses of rare and fortunate blessings! As the Tandava was in progress, there were echos of Omkara and Veda Mantras and the enraptured Maharshis resorted to Stuti as follows: Twamekameesham Purusham Puranam Praneshwaram Rudramananta yogam, Namaama Sarvey Hridi Samnivightam Prachetasam Brahmamayam Pavitram/ Ttwaam Pashyanti Munayo Brahmayonim Daantaah Shaantaa Vimalam Rukmavarnam, Dhyaatwaatmasthamachalam swye Sharitey Kavim Parebhyah Paramam tatparamcha/ Twattah prasutaa Jagatah Prasutih Sarvaatmabhustwam Paramaanubhutah, Anoraneeyaan Mahato Maheeyaam swatmeva Sarvam pravadanti Santah/ Hiranyagarbho Jagadantaraatmaa twattodhijaatah Purushah Puraanah, Sanjaayhamano bhavataa visishto yadhaavidhaanam sakalam sasarja/ Twatto Vedaah sakalaah samprasutaa-stwayyevaantey samsthitim tey labhantey, Pashyaamastwam jagato hetubhutam nrityantam swey hridaye samnivishtam/ Twayyai Vedaah bhraamyatey Brahma chakram Maayaavi twam Jagataamekanaathah, Namaamastwaam sharanam sampraannaa Yogaatmaanam chipytanti Divanrittyam/ Pashyamastwaam Paramaakaasha madhye nrittyatam tey Mahimaanam smaraamah, Savaatmaanam bahudhaa samnivishtam Brahmaanandamanu bhuyaanbhuya/ Omkaarastey vaachako Mukti beejam twamaksharam Prakrutai gudha rupam, Tatwaam Satyam pravadanteeh Santah Swayamprabham bhavato yatprakaasham/

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Stuantitwaam Satatam Sarva Vedaa Namanti twaamrishayah ksheena doshaah, Shaantaatmaanah Satyasandhaa Varishtam vishantitwaam yatayo Brahma nishthaah/ Eko Vedo Bahu shaakho hyanantastwaameyvaikam bodhayatyeka rupam, Vedyam twaam sharanam ye prapaanaasteshaam Shaantih Shaswati netareshaam/ Bhavaaneeshonaadi maamstejoraashir Brahmaa Vishwam Parameshthi Varishthah, Swaatmaanada manubhuyaadhishete Swayam Jyotirachalo nitya muktah/ Eko Rudraswam karisheeha Vishwam twam paalayasyakhilam Vishwarupah, Twaamevaantey nilayam vindateedam Namaamaswaam sharanam samprapannah/ Twaamekamaahuh Kavimeka Rudram praanam brihantam Harimagnimeesham, Indram mrityu -manilam chenitaanam Dhaataaramaadityamanekarupam/ Twamaksharam Paramam Veditavyam twamasya Vishwasya param nidhaanam, Twamavyayah Shaswata dharma goptaa Sanaatanastwam Purushotthamosi/ Twaamekamaahuh Purusham Puraanamaadityavarnam Tamasah parastaat, Chinmaatram avyaktam achintyarupam Swam Brahma shunyam Pratakritim Nirgunamcha/ Yadantaraa Sarvamidam vibhaati yadavyayam nirmalamekarupam, Kimapyachintyam tawa rupametatam tadantaraa yatpratibhaati Tatwam/ Yogeshwaram Rudramanata Shaktim paraayanam Brahmatanum pavitram, Nanaama Sarvey Sharanaarthinastaam praseeda bhutaabhipatey Mahesha/ Twadpaadapadma smaranaadasesha samsaara beejam vilayam prayaati, Mano niyamyapranidhaaya Kaayam Prasaadayaamo vayamekameesham/ Namo Bhavaayastu Bhadbhavaaya Kaalaaya Sarvaaya Kapardine tey Namognaye Deva nama Shivaaa! (We pray to Ishwara, Purana Purusha, Praneshwara, Ananta Yoga Rupa, Hridaya Nivishtha or present in heart, Pracheta or responsible in-charge; and Brahma Maya; you are the Controller of Senses, Shanta, Achala, Nirmala, Swarna Swarupa, Para and Tatpara. You are the Creator of Samsara, Atma Swarupa and Anu rupa or of the Form of an Atom; Paramatma! Indeed you are the Minutest and the Grossest; Brahma the Hiranya garbha and the Srashta of the Universe is engrossed in prayers to you; indeed, you are the Vedotpanna or Creator of Vedas besides being the Preserver and the Destroyer. We can witness your Cosmic Dance in the center of the Sky; you are the Jagat Kaarana; the Regulator of Brahma Chakra; Mayavi; the Unique Swami of the Jagat; we are able to enjoy glimpses of your profile and are thrilled at the feast to our eyes. Paramatma! Your Omkara Vachaka is the seed of Mukti and is secretly absorbed in Prakriti; Sages call you as Satya Swarupa and Swayam Prakaasha; all the Vedas and Scriptures never tired of your magnificence; Rishi ganaas are always engaged in commending you while Yatis with Brahma nishtha try to enter into the glow of your profile! The

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several branches of Vedas and Scriptures stress repeatedly about the Infinity and Singularity of Your Swarupa or the Uniqueness of your Mahatmya as also the extreme plurality of your manifestations; but they fail to realise you and as such seek their unqualified protection and security.That feeling itself provides great peace of mind and contentment. Ishwara! You are the Anaadi or without a beginning; the Fund of Illumination; Brahma; Vishwarupa; Parameshthi; and Varishtha. Maharshis do experience pointers and hints of your glorious splendour and perform hard endeavour to enter near your orbit. We seek refuge into you Rudra the Srashta- Sharanya and Samhaara.You are commended as Adviteeya, Kavi, Eka Rudra, Praana, Brihat, Hara, Agni, Esheara, Indra, rityu, Anila, Chekitana, Dhata, Aditya, and Aneka rupa.You are Aninaashi or Perpetual; Parmaashraya or the Greatest Sanctuary; You are Avyaya, Shaswata, Dharma Raksha, Sanatana, Purushottama; Vishnu and Chaturmukha Brahma; Vishwa Naabhi, Prakriti, Pratishtha, Sarweswara and Parameshwara! You are addressed as Purana Purusha, Aditya Varna, Tamogunatita, Chinmatra, Avykta, Achintya Rupa, Aakaasha, Brahma, Shunya, Prakriti and Nirguna. It is due to you Mahadeva that the Universe gets illuminated and all the Tatwas are displayed. Our humble salutations to you Parama Yogeshwara, Brahma Murti, Ananta Shakti Rudra, Ashraya Swarupa, Bhutaadhipati, Mahesha! Even a thought about you would uproot the seed of Karma and the cycle of Janma- Mrityu. The two regulatory deeds of controlling Mind and Thought as also physical restrictions would indeed take one to step fast to Maheshwara. Our greetings to you Bhava, Bhavodbhava, Kaala, Sarva, Jatadhari, Agni Rupan Shiva, and Shiva the most Auspicious!!) As the Maharshis eulogised to Shiva, the latter displayed his Viraat Swarupa along with the Full Form of Four Arms with Shankha- Chakra-Gada-Saranga and his typical and alluring smile! Unfolding of Ishwara Vibhutis (faculties) and concepts of Pashu-Paasha-Pashupati Parameshwara addressed Maharshis and explained about his own Vibhutis as follows: Paraat Parataram Brahma shasvatam nishkalam dhruvam, Nityaanandam Nirvikalpam taddhaama Paramam mama/ (My Supreme Destination is far beyond Paraatpara, Brahma, Everlasting, Spotless, Steady, Blissful and Nirvikalpa / State of Oblivion): He is the Swayambhu Brahma among Brahmajnaanis; Avyaya Deva Hari among Mayavis; Parvati among yoginis; Vishnu among Dwadasa Adityaas; Paavaka among Ashta Vasus; Shankara among Ekaadasha Rudras; Garuda among birds; Iravata among elephants; Parashurama among Shastradhaaris or weapon holders; Vasishtha among Rishis; Prahlada among Sura dweshis or the Detestors of Devas; Vyaasa among Munis; Vinayaka among Shiva Ganaas; Veerabhadra among the Valiant; Sumeru among Mountains; Chandrama among Nakshatraas; Vajraayudha among diamonds; Satyanarayana among Vratas; Anantadeva among serpents; Kartikeya among Senaanis or Chiefs of Soldiers; Grihastaashrama among the Ashramas; Maheshwara among Ishwaraas; Maha Kalpa among Kalpaas; Satya Yuga among Yugas; Kubera among Yakshaas; Veeraka among Ganeshwaraas; Daksha among Prajaapatis; Nirruti among Rakshasaas; Vayu Deva among the Balavaans and Pushkara among Dwipaas. Shiva furter states: I am a lion among animals; Dhanush among Yantraas; Sama Veda among Vedas; Shata Rudreeya among Yajurmantras; Savitri among the Japa Mantras; Pranava among the confidential Mantras; Purusha Sukta among the Veda Suktas; am the Jyeshtha Saama among Saama Mantras; Swayambhu Manu among those who know the meanings of all Vedas; Brahmaavarta among various Deshas; Amimukta among Kshetras; Atma Vidya among the Vidyas; Ishrara Jnaana among Jnanas; Aakaashaamong Pancha Bhutas; and Mrityu/ Yama among Satwaas Parama Shiva then annotated the words of Pashu-Paasha-Pashupati as follows: Vidyaanaamaatmavidyaaham Jnaanaamaishwaram param,

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Bhutaanaamasmyaham Vyoma Satvaanaam Mrutyurevacha/ Paasshaanaa masmyaham Maayaa Kaalah Kalayataamaham, Gateenaam Muktirevaaham Pareshaam Parameshwarah/ Atmaanah Pashavah Proktaah Sarvey Samsaarvartinah, Teshaam Patiraham Devah smrutah :Pashpatirbudhaih/ Maayaa paashena badhnaami Pasunetaan swaleelayaa, Maameva mochakam praahuh Pashnaam Vedavaadinah/ Maayaa paashena badhnaanaam mochakonyo na Vidyatey, Maamrutey Paramaatmaanam Bhutaadhipatimavyayam/ ( I am Parameshwara who is the Maya among Paashaas or the hard rope strings, Kaala or the Mrityu among the destroyers and among the Pathways am the destination of Mukti; You should realise that the Most Lustrous and the Mightiest Satwa Padaartha or the Virtuous Entity is myself and am the highest powerful provocator of actions among all of the Pashus or Jeevaas / Beings in the Univese is myself; as the Beings in Srishti are Pashus, I am indeed the Pashupati. I tie up the Pashus with Paashaas for fun; Vedagnaas seek to help release the Pashus from the Samsaara Paashaas and are called the facilitating Mochakaas or Helping Liberators as I tie them all with the strong strings from their birth to death. Let it be made clear that there could be none else that might liberate from these Paashaas excepting Paamatma the Eternal. The twenty four Tatwaas, Maya, Karma and Tri- Gunas all put together hold the Jeevas or Pashus as Paaashasare enforced by Pashupati. The Tatwas are Manas or Mind, Buddhi or thought , Ahamkara or Ego, Prithvi, Jala, Vaayu and Akasaha; Ear, Skin, Eyes, Tongue, Nose, the two Marmendriyas, hands, feet, voice, shabda, sparsha, Rupa, Rasa, and Gandha which are all a part of Prakriti and the rest are all Vikaras or aberrations. There are two kinds of Paashaas viz. Dharma and Adharma besides the Karma bandhana; Avidya, Asmitaa or Ego, Raaga , Dwesha, Abhinivesha or attachment these Five are constant Paashaas called Taatvika bandhanas. Maya is stated to be the root of these bandhanas. Mula Prakriti, Pradhaana, Purusha, Mahat, Ahamkaaran are all manifestations of Sanatana Deva; he is the one creating bandhanaas; he is the Paasha-Pashu-and in the final analysis, he is the Pashupati! Rudiments of Yoga Practice, Yoga Mahima and re-emphasis on the Oneness of Shiva-Narayana Parameshwara himself describes to the Maharshis about the significance of Yoga in the quest of the Truth; just as Surya Deva is readily viewed on the Sky so could be the vision of Paramatma. Yogarupi Agni demolishes the store of sins and facilitates the attainment of such Jnaana that leads to Mukti. Yogaat sanjaayatey Jnaanam Jnaanaad Yogah pravartatey, Yoga jnaanaabhi yuktasya praseedati Maheshwarah/ (From Yoga is achieved Jnaana and Jnaanaa transforms Yoga to the further pursuit to Maheswara). Yoga practice might as well be performed once or twice or even thrice a day. Yoga could be in two forms: Abhaava Yoga or Maha Yoga; the former type aims at Nirvikalpa Swarupa or Atma Sakshaatkara (Vision of the Inner Soul) while Maha Yoga targets Parameswara (Super Soul).

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The Ashtanga Yoga Sadhana has the following Eight-Steps viz. Yama-Niyama-Aasana-PraanayaamaPratyaahara- Dharana-Dhyaana-Samaadhi. Briefly stated, Yama is meant by Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya or celibacy and Aparigraha (non-possession) and Yama purifies the heart and mind. Ahimsa is denoted by creating no problem at all by way of Mind, Conversation or Deed. Similarly, Satya or Truth should be such that it should not hurt any body and Asteya, Bramacharya and Aparigraha too should be such that ones inner-conscience is clear in an objective manner. Niyama refers to Tapa, Swaadhyaaya, Santosha, Shoucha and Ishwara Puja. Tapa is meditation cum Upavaasas or fasting and observance of Vratas like Kruccha Chandrayana. Swadhyaaya or self-practice of recitation of Vedaanta Shastras, Shata Rudreeya and Pranava etc. providing Satwika-Vriddhi; Swaadhyaaya is of three types viz. Vaachika or Oral that could be heard by self and others, Upaamshu or which could be heard by the self and Manasika or what is recited mentally. Santosha means contentment and inner happiness or of non-complaining nature. Shoucha includes Baahyaantara-Shuchi or physical and mental cleanliness and Ishwara Puja denotes Stuti by way of Manas or Mind, Vaani or recitation and Karma or deed perfoming Puja of Shodasopachaaras or the Sixteen kinds of Services like Dhyaana- Avaahana-Pushpa-Gandha-Naivedyas. Aasana is the prescribed way of comfortable Seating. Padmaasana is considered to be the best and that means keeping both feet lifted and placed on the opposite thighs. Pranaayama denotes regulation of the Prana or the Life-Air of a Being (actually Aayama means nirodhana or stoppage). Recitation of Pranava Mantra viz. AUM by twelve times is called Dwadasha Matra; alternatively recitation of Gaytri Mantra viz. Om-Bhu-Bhuvah-Swah-Mahah-Janah-Tapah-Satyam three times is Tri Gayatri. Pranayama is denoted by Dwadasha Pranava or Tri Gayatri. A complete Pranayama consists of three operations viz. Rechaka or exhalation, Puraka is inhalation and retaining the air is kumbhaka. Pratyahara involves managing the senses and going beyond them by conquering them instead of avoiding and suppressing them (taking cognizance of them but ignoring or sifting them) and that is a perfect starting point of commencing the stage of Dharana or practice of concentration; in fact the last three aspects of Ashtanga or the Eight-Limbed Yoga viz. Dharana, Dhyaana and Samadhi are the most crucial ones. Dharana is the skill of controlling the senses, rejecting the unimportant mental features and pushing the Self inward on the way of Dhyaana. Imagining an Ashtadala Kamala or an Eight-leafed Lotus, one must concentrate on the Hiranmaya Kosha (Sheath) in which the Vishudda Parama Jyoti exists and nothing else would matter: Yetad guhyatamam dhyaamam dhyaanantaramathocchatey, Chintayitwaa tu Purvoktam Hritaye Padmamuttamam/ Atmaanamatha kartaaram tatraanala samatvisham, Madhye vahnishikhaakaaram Purusham Panchavimshikam/ Chintayet Paramaatmaanam tanmadhye Gaganam Param, Omkaara bodhitam tatwam shaswatam Shivamachyutam/ ( Indeed this is a guarded meditation: by envisaging a famed Lotus inside ones own heart which should be prayed to as there is a splendrous Agni-like Profile with twenty five Tatwas enclosing Paramatma who is Unknown, absorbing Prakriti, filled with Omkara, Niranjana, Nitya, Maheswara). Maha Deva himself suggests the Pashupati Yoga Yoga which is the Essence of Vedas and is accessible to those who firmly believe in Brahmacharya, Ahimsa, Kshama or fortitude, Shoucha, Tapa, Dama, Santosha, Satya and Asthikata or Unswerved Faith in the Supreme as these are the pre requisites of the Pashupata Vrata.[Refer to Essence of Linga Purana as translated and edited by the same Author for the details of the Vrata.] Parama Shiva says:

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Veeta raaga bhaya krodhaa manmayaa maamupaashritaah, Bahavenena yogena putaa madbhaavamaagataah/ Ye yathaa maam praadyantey taamstayaiva bhajaamyahjam, Jnaana yogena maam tasmaad yajeta Parameshwaram/ Athavaa Bjhakti yogena Vairaagyena parena tu, Chetasaa bodha yuktena pujayenmaamsadaa shuchih/ (Those who shun desire, fear and anger do approach me by performing the Pashupati Vrata and had all been blessed; they could adopt the medium of Jnaana Yoga or Bhakti Yoga but I relieve them of Samsara Bandhanas for good). He further affirms: Adveshata Sarva bhutaanaam maitrah Karuna yevacha, Nirmomaa nirahankaaro yo madbhaktah sa mey Priyah/ Santhushtah Satatam Yogi yatatatmaa drudha nischayah, Mayyarpitamano buddhiryo madhaktah sa mey priyah/ Yasmaannuddejito loko Lokaannujjeto cha yah, Harshaamarsha bhayodvegairmukto yah sa hi mey priyah/ Anapekshah Shuchirdaksha udaaseeno gatvyathah, Sarvaarambha parityaagi Bhaktimaan yah sda mey priyah/ ( Those Bhaktaas who treat every Being without malice, hatred, and self-pride; but with friendliness, kindness and affection are dear to me; those who are contented, self-controlled, strong willed, everengaged in Yoga and totally dedicated to me are dear to me; those who neither get excited nor prone to exciting others, but are fearless, placid and composed are dear to me; those who never crave for worldly desires, but are ready to sacrifice, are impartial, are ready to face challenges of the right kind and are not non-starters due to hesitation are indeed near and dear to me.) Having given his preferences, Maha Deva underscores that his bhaktas should perform Shiva-Linga Puja always and any where that is clean and pro-active, but with extreme devotion and dedication- be it in water, inside Agni, addressed to Surya or Sky and even in ones own heart! What is of signifiance is that any Puja to Shiva performed in faith, concentration and total bhakti and that shall be rewarded without doubt. Re-emphasis on the Oneness of Shiva-Narayana: In the context of the above, Maha Deva emphasised again as in earlier pages about the identity of himself and Vishnu Deva; this was necessary since a seperate Ishwara Gitain the current Kurma Purana sought to clarify that its contents were in no way contradictory ; even in the description of Shiva Tandava described above, Vishnu too was stated to have joined the Celestial Dance! Maha Deva thus confirmed as follows: Ayam Narayano yohameeshwaro naatra samshayah, Naantaram ye prapashyanti teshaam Devamidam param/ Mamaushaa Paramaa Murtirnaaraayana samaahvayaa, Sarva Bhutaatmabhutasthaa Shantaa chaakshara sangjnitaa/ 69

Ye twanyathaa prapashyanti lokey bheda drusho janaah, Na tey maam samprapashyanti jayentey cha punah punah/ Yetwimam Vishnu mavyaktam maam vaa Devam Maheswaram, Ekibhavena pashyanti na teshaam punarudbhavah/ Tasmaadanaadi nidhanam Vishnumaatmaanamayayam, Maameva samprapashayadhvam Puja-yadhvam tathaiva hi/ Yenyathaa maam prapashyanti matvemam Devataantaram, ye yantin Narakaan ghoraan naaham teshu vyavasthitah/ Murkham vaa Panditam vaapi Brahmanamvaa madaasrayam, Mochayaami shvapaakam vaa Naaraayana nindakam/ Tasmaadesha Maha Yogi Mad Bhaktaih Purushottamah, Archaneeyo Namaskaarye Matpreeti jananaaya hi/ ( That Narayana is Ishwara that is me undoubtedly. There is indeed no difference between us and he too is to be worshipped. Narayana is Shaanti-Akshara imprinted in every bodys heart. Some imagine otherwise that we are figured other wise and they continue to get into the cycle of birth and death and could never ever attain Mukti. Those who visualise me and Narayana as just the same would have no rebirth. As such, Vishnu has no beginning or end as in my case, meaning thereby we are both the same. Those who confuse Vishnu as another Deva would for sure reach Narakas. Those who are my bhaktaas being either Murkhaas or Stupids, Panditas or Learned Vidvans or even untouchables should indeed have the possibility of Mukti, provided they do not dislike or distrust him. Hence my bhaktaas ought to perform puja to Vishnu with all humilty and belief.) Then both Vishnu and Shiva disappeared simultaneously, stated Vyasa Muni. Veda Vyasa thus concluded ISHWARA GITA with the Phala Shruti that whosoever reads, or hears or anylises the contents of this important Part of Kurma Purana would be freed from sins and attain Brahma loka. Shraaddha Prakarana : Profile, Significance, Procedure and Dos & Donts Vyasa Maha Muni narrated the details of Shraadhha Karma as follows: As Amavasya of a Month arrives at the noon time, Brahmanas are required to perform Pindaan-vaahaaryaka with sincerity and devotion.This Deed may be done only by those eligible to light up Agnihotra ( not by widowers) and is performed after Pitru Yajna and this is a Nitya Shraaddha on every Amavasya. Excepting on Chaturdashi in Krishna Paksha, these Shraaddaas could be done on any days, especially on the three Ashtamis of Pusha,Maagha and Phalgunas; also during the Rainy Season when Crops reach home as Trayodhashi preferably coinciding with Makha Nakshatra. On Chandra and Surya Grahana Timings or on the days of death of relatives too Naimittika Shraaddha is to be done failing which, visits to Naraka Lokas are expected to be certain. Shraaddhhas during the Uttaraayana and Dakshinaayana timings as also Vishu Kaala are also certain to provide Ananta Phala or Ever lasting Punya. Samkraanti and Janma Dina shraaddhas are also stated to be highly fruitful. Kaamya Shraaddhaas are helpful in any Nakshatras; Kritthika Nakshatra bestows Swarga Prapti; Rohini Shraaddha is to provide Santana Prapti; Mrigashira yields Brahma Teja prapti; Ardra nakshatra

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for Roudra Karma Siddhi or Shourya Siddhi; Punarvasu : Bhumi; Pushya : Lakshmi Prapti; Aslesha Shraaddha for fulfillment of desires; Magha for Soubhaagya; Uttara Phalguni for wealth; Purva Phalguni for destruction of sins; Hasta Nakshatra Shradda for Jaati Sreshthata or Superiority in the Jaati; Chitra for Putra Prapti; Swati :Vyapaara Siddhi; Vishakha : Suvarna Prapti; Anuraha for Bahu Mitrata or for Great Friendships; Jyeshtha for Rajya Prapti; Moola for Krishi; Purvaashadha for Samudra Yatra; Uttashadya for Kamya Siddhi; Sravana for Bahu Sreshthata; Dhanishta for Sarva Kaamna; Satabhisha for Parama Bala; Purva bhadra for Dhaatu Prapti or precious metals like gold and Silver; Uttaabhadra for Shubha Griha or construction; Revati Nakshatra Shraddha for Bahu-Dhenu prapti; Ashwini for Ashwa Prapti and Bharani Nakshatra Shraaddha for long life. Dina Phalas of Shraadhas are: Sunday-Arogya; Monday: Sowbhagya; Tuesdays; Vijaya or Victory; Wednesday: Kaamna Siddhi; Thursday:Abhishta Vidya Siddhi; Friday Shraaddha: Wealth and Saturday: Ayu Prapti. Tithi-wise Shraaddha Phalaas are: Pratipada: Putra Prapti; Dwitiya : Kanya; Tritiya: Vandijana or Persons with Praises: Chaturthi: Kshudra Pashu or low class animal; Panchami: Sundara Putra; Shashthi: Gambling succsess; Saptami: Krishi; Ashtami: Business Success; Navami: Sukha; Dashami: Pashu Laabha; Ekaadashi: Silver material and Putra with Brahmavarchas; Dwadashi: Gold and Silver; Trayodhashi: Superiority of Jaati; Chaturdashi Shraaddha is Varjita or to be avoided; Purnima or Amavasya: Fulfillment of desires. One should perform Abhudaya Shraaddhaas at the beginning of a Kaarya-Praarambha or at the commencement of a Deed, at the birth of a son or Festival Days. Manu Deva prescribed five kinds of Shraaddhhaas viz. Nithya Shraaddha, Kaamya Shraaddha, Ekodishtaadi Naimitthika Shraaddha, Vriddhi Shraaddha, and Paarvana Shraadha; additionally there could be Yatraa Samaya Shraaddhas. Brahma prescribed Shuddi Shaaddha and Daivika Shraaddha and the latter relieves of fear. Shraaddhaas are never to be performed in the evenings and nights as a rule. How ever as exceptions, Shraaddhas may be performed during the Eclipse Timings of Surya and Chandra. Shraaddhas performed in Ganga, Prayaga and Amarakantaka Kshetras are of such superior quality that Pitaras sing hymns saying: Yeshtavyaa bahavah putraah Sheelavanto gunaanvitaah, Teshaam tu samavetaanaam Yadyekopi Gayaam Vrajet/ Gayaam praapyaanushangena yadi Shaaddham samaacharet, Taaritaah Pitarastena sa yaati Paramaam Gatim/ ( Pitaras sing hymns saying that one should be blessed with many sons since atleast some of them might reach Gaya and perform Shraaddha so that the Pitaras attain Uttama Gati High Class Journeys and the Karthaas could secure Paramagati.) Varaha Parvata where Hari and Ganga reside, as also Maha Kshetras like Vaaranasi, Ganga Dwaar (Hari Dwaar), Prabhasa, Bilvaka Tirtha, Nila Parvata, Kurukshetra, Kubjaagra Tirtha, Bhrugu tunga, Mahalaya, Kedara Parvata, Phalgu Tirtha, Naimisharanya, Saraswati River, Pushkara, Narmada, Bhadrakarnika, Vetravati, Vipaasha, Krushaavarta, Shrishaila,Godavari, and such other Sacred Places, Pitru Shraadhas and Pujas would be of great significance. Pitaras are highly satisfied with materials like Vrihi, Yavas, Maasha, Moolaas, Phalaas, Wheat, Tilaas, and such other food materials as al so fruits like mangoes, Draaksha / grapes, pomegranate, Bhumi Kushmanda, etc besides honey and sugar with fruits. But, food materials like buffalo milk, Kaala shaakam or pippili, Masoor dal, Raajamaasha, brinjal, pinda mula etc. should be avoided.

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Eligibility of Brahmanas for Shraddhaas: Brahmanas who are Veda Paraayanas or Experts in Vedas being eligible for Havya-Kavya-Daana-Tirthas should therefore perform Pitru Tarpanas and Pindaanvaahaaryaka Shraaddhhas on Amavasyas. Their eligibility qualifications are as follows: They should be Somapayis, Rajoguna rahitaas, Dharma vidas, Shanta Chitttas, Vrata Parayanaas, Niyama baddhaas, Panchaagni Sevakaas, Adhyayana Nirataas, Agnihotra paaraayanaas, Nyaaya Vetthaas; Vedaanga Jnaataas (Viz. Siksha, Kalpa, Vyakarana , Nirukta, Chhanda and Jyotisha Disciplines), Rishika or Rishi Putra, Yagjna karta, Samskaara Shudda like Naama Karama and Sandhyo- paasaka; Dana Karta, Chandraayana Vrata Karta; Satyavaadi, Purana Jnaana Sahita; Guru-Deva-Agni Pujaasakta; Jnaana Parayana; Brahma Jnaani; and so on. The best such Brahmanas could be the most ideal in the Shraadha Karyas. Matahaha, Pitamaha, Matula, Swashura, Jamaata, Guru and such intimate relatives are also eligible. But friends are not to take part in the Pankti Bhojana. Employees of Officials, Veda Vikrayas, Gram Purohitas, Patitas and their progeny, Naastikas, Napumsakas, Kaapaalikas, Madya Sevakaas, husbands of widows, Mitra drohis, those who sacrifice parents,wife and children; Santaana heenas, Rogis, and such other disqualified Brahmanas are not to be engaged in the Shraaddha Karmas. Shraddhaas should not be performed in the houses of others and if not possible in ones own, may be organised in common places like Punya Tirthas, Forests, Deva Mandiras, Choultries and such other Saarvajanikaor common places where there is no owenership of an individual where black Tilaas are freely spread over to ensure that no evil spirits could enter and the Shraaddha Bhumi gets purified. Then, there must be facility for cooking various Annas/ food, besides bhojya, bhakshya, peya and other kinds of food material. Shraaddha Vidhi: As the mid- day arrives, the Karta and the participating Brahmanas should take their baths to ensure physical purity and inward cleanliness before the commencement of the Sacred Deed. The designated Brahmanas are to be seated over three Kushas looking Purvaabhi mukha. The Karta should then sprinkle Tilodaka and offer the seat to the Pitru Brahmana with the Sankalpa Mantra viz. Aasadhwam etc.Vaishvadeva (Agni Deva) sambandhi Brahmanaas-two of them-would be Purvaabhimukha and Pitru sambandhi Brahmanas-three of them- would be Uttaraabhimukha; keeping in view the factors of Desha-Kaala-kaaranas and of availability, even one Brahmana each might suffice for the representatives of Pitrus and Devas. All the Pitru Karyaas must be followed after Vaishvadeva Karmas. Shraadhhiya Annaor the Cooked Rice meant for Shraaddha, without salt but with ghee is served to Agni. The formal Prathama or the first Naivedya must be done ( in house) at Deva Mandira. Pitru Brahmanas may be offered ornaments if any, besides garlands, Yagjna Sutras,dhupa, Vastra, Gandha etc. Thereafter Deva Brahmana/s should be seated Uttaabhimukha and Vishvey deevaasa etc Rucha be recited to invoke (Aavahana) Devas; they would take two Pavitra Kushas and recite the Mantra viz. sham no Devi, pour water into the Paatra or vessel and recite again the Mantra viz. Yavooseetim placing Yavas with water into the Vessel; then along with the Mantra viz. Yaa divyaa etc. the Karta should leave the Arghya Patra jala into the hands of the the Deva Brahmana. The next step is that the Karta would perform Apasayvaof the Yajnopaveeta facing Dakshinaamukhaand invoke Pitras with the Rucha viz. Ushantastwaa etc. Then recite the Mantra Sham no Devi etc and pour water with Tilas reciting the Mantra Tilomsi etc. As done earlier in case of Deva Brahmanas, Arghya or water be poured into the hands of the Pitru Brahmanas; then the Anna with ghee is taken in hand, after making Savyamor from left shoulder to right of Yagmopavita and keeping kusha on hand , make the offering to Agni reciting: Agnow karishye! Then the response would be Kurushwaa. Always, Pitru Kaarya should be done in Apasavya and Deva karyaas are to be in Savya. The Karta should keep the right Jaanu (Knee) on the ground for all Deva karyas and vice versa recite the Mantra Somaaya vai Pitrumatey swadhaanamah and perform havan to Agni saying Agnaye Kavyavaahanaaya Swadhaa/ Then keep towards the Southen side Three Pindas or Rice balls of equal size-representing three generations of the deceased (viz the father, grand father and great grand father) on a cow-dung cleaned Bhuvedi(Platform) over Kushas spread and arranged with right palms turned to left as the spare morsels be sprinkled and dressed all around the Pindas. Then the

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Karta should perform Aachamana of three spoons full of water, slowly breathe and greet the Pitaras placed in vertical order. The Pindaas be worshipped with Dhupa-Deepa-Naivedya and the rest of the Prashad is consumed by Brahmanas.The wife of the Karta desirous of securing good sons should consume the middle pinda.Then the Karta should clean his hands with water, perform Achamana and serve the food to family members, relatives and friends. On the night when shraaddhai is performed, the Karta should observe celibacy and any departure from the rule would attract Maha Rourava naraka to the husband and wife concerned. Shraddha Kartha as well as those Brahmanas involved in the Shraddha should be placid, peaceful and pure-minded and to the extent possible observe Swaadhyaaya; they should also observe one meal that day; the Karta is required not to travle that day. Those who perform Shraaddhaa without Agni Karya, who are definitely required to travel or are unwell or would have to perform Aama Shraddha only giving away uncooked rice and other material to a Brahmana and the recipient should recite Agnoukarana Mantra while accepting the material and dakshina. Those who perform the Shraaddha as prescribed are blessed by Pitras who not only lessen the impact of sins committed by the Karta but bring in auspicious tidings to him and his family. There after the Karta should pray the Pitras as follows: Daataaram nobhivardhantaam Vedaah santatirevacha, Shraddaacha no maa vyagmad bahudeyam cha nostwati/ ( May our Vamsha be full of persons who give large daanaas ( donations) and who possess Veda Jnaana; may our progeny be increased in good srtength; may not the persons in my clan lessen our devotion to Brahmanas, Pitaras and Devas as also our great interest in Shastras and Scriptures! Tirtha Mahima: Gaya, Pushkara, Sarasvata, Kaalanjara and many other Tirthas Romaharshana (Veda Vyasa) addressing the Sages at Naimisha Forest provided brief descriptions of several Tirthas and a few of them are mentioned here-below: Gaya: Gayaa Tirtham param guhyam Pitrunaam chaativallabham, Krutwaa pinda pradaanam tu na bhuyovjaayatey narah/ Sakrud Gayaabhigamanam krutwaa pidam dadaati yah, Taaritam tarastena yaasyanti Paramaa Gatim/ (Gaya Kshetra is one of the most beloved Tirthaas of Pitru Devataas and human beings who offer Pindas to Pitras have no rebirth. Even if once the sacred deed of Pinda Pradana is executed at Gaya, Pitraas would be freed from Narakaas and are forwarded to Parama Gati.). At Gaya the most hallowed signs of Rudra Devas feet are imprinted on a Stone and offering Pindaas there would most certainly bless the Karta and redeem the Pitraas. Even while a person is in a position to visit Gaya and perform the Pinda Pradana, he is lazy or careless and the Pitras would feel disgruntled and dissatisfied. The Pitraas woud avow: Yadi syaat paatakopetah swaadharmarati varjitah, Gayaam yaasyati yah kaschit sosmaan santaarayishyati/

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(Even if a person in my Vamshaa were highly sinful for any reason and did not observe Swadharama but had visited Gayan Tirth and gave away Pinda Pradana, he would still be liberated!). Prabhasa: is a Holy Place where Bhgavan Shri Krishna and Yadava Chiefs spent the last months of their lives there. Worship at that Kshetra by way of Snaana, Tapa, Shraaddha and Brahmana Puja would have lasting benefits including Uttama Loka Prapti. Traiyambaka Tirtha is worshipped by Devas and Rudraaraadhanaat the Jyotir Linga there would bestow Jyotishtoma Yajna phala; Aaraadhana of Kapardi and Suvarnaaksha Maha Deva would yield Gaanapatya Pada prapti. Someshwara Linga Tirtha and puja there grants Sarva Vyadhi Nivaarana or relief from all kinds of diseases. Vijaya Tirtha housing Vijaya Maheshwara Linga is known for a Six-month long day-time Upavaasa ending with Evening worship would grant Parama Gati. Ekaamra Kshetra is famed for Shankara in the banks of Maha Nadi especially during Eclipse Timings; Snaanaas and worship would secure devotees the Ganapatya Phala and Kingship in their instant lives. Viraja Nadi Snaana assures of Brahma Loka; Purushottama Kshetra puja of Narayana grants of Vishnu Loka Prapti; Gokarneshwara Lingaabhisheka with milk and bilwa secures Shiva Sayujya. Pushkara Tirtha: The unique Tirtha of Brahma is widely renowned in the World as Pushkara whose mere thought is enough to secure a wipe-out of sins and ensure an access to Brahma Loka. It is believed that besides human beings, Deva-Gandharva-Yaksha-Naaga-Raakshasa-Siddhas were constantly engaged in the worship of Parameshthi Brahma Deva and when one worshipped at the Tirtha. Indra darshan too is available at the Tirtha besides fulfillment of wishes and also of Brahma Loka Prapti. Saptasaaraswata Tirtha is a well known Place of Shiva worship that is stated to fetch Ashwamedha Yagna Phala. The belief was that one Muni named Manganaka who was an unparalleled Shiva Bhakta excelled in the constant Japa of the Panchaakshari Mantra of Om Namah Shivaaya for several years and started performing Shiva Tandava with ecstacy. Shankara once approached the Muni and asked for the reason of his excessive joy and an over confident Muni replied that his happiness was due to his devotion of Shiva and the effect of constant Panchaakshari Japa. Shiva decided that the Muni became arrogant and decided to show down the Muni; he surpassed the Munis Tandava and revealed himself with thousand heads, eyes and feet with fire all round and fearful. The Muni got frightened and intensified his Rudraadhaaya Japa and prostrated before Maha Deva. The latter then cooled down and having embraced the Muni rewarded him with his vision of Tripurasamhaara Maheshwara along with Devi Parvati. Maha Deva then warded off the Munis terror and explained about himself to the Muni: Aham Sahasra nayanah Sarvaatmaa Sarvao mukhah, Daahakah Sarva paapaanaam Kaalah Kaalaaro Harah/ Mayaiva preryatey krutsnam Cheanaachetanaatmakam, Sontaryaami sa Purusho hyaaham vai Purushottamah/ Tasya saa Paramaa Maayaa Prakritistrigunmaatmikaa, Prochatey Munibhih Shaktirjagardyonih Sanaatani/ Sa yesha Maayayaa Vishwam Vyaamohayati Vishwavit, Naraayanah Paro Vyakto Maayaarupa iti Shrutih/ Yevamekajjagat Sarvam Sarvadaa Sthaaapa-yamyaham,

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Yojayaami PrakrityaahamPurusham Pancha vimshikam/ ( I am the thousand faced and thousand eyed Sarvaatma who demolishes sins of my devotees; I am Kaala as also the Creator of Kaala; it is through me that the Chetana ( Conscious and fully aware) or Achetana or unaware Jagat gets materialised. I am the Antaryami or the Hidden Purushottama whose Prakriti Rupa of Three Gunas is called Maya the captivator and whom Munis realise as Sanatatana Shakti which is the the root cause of the Universe. I am the Sarvajna Purusha who through the Maya Shakti mesmerises and whom Shritis acclaim as the Narayana, Para and Avyakta. This is how I establish the World and act as a catalyst of Prakriti in creating the Maha Tatwa which in turn was the product of the Twenty Five Tatvas.)--Evametaani Tatwaani Pradhaana Purusheswaraah, Vishnu Brahmaacha Bhagavaan Rudrah Kaala iti Shrutihi/ Trayamedanaadyantam Brahmanyeva Vyavasthitam, Tadaatmakam Tadavyaktam Tadaksharamiti Shrutih/ Atmaanandaparam Tatwam Chinmaatram Paramam Padam, Aakaasham Nishkalam Brahma tasmaayanna Vidyatey/ ( This is how all these Tatwaas are of Pradhaana Purusheswara. Shrutis confirmed that the three Entities of Vishnu, Brahma and Kaala Rudra are manifested out of the same Parama Purusha who was Avyakta /Unknown, Akshara Imperishable, Atmaananda Swarupa, Parama Tatwa, Chinmaya, Parama pada Rupa, Aakaasha Rupa and Nishkala (Spotless) Brahma and none else. In fact, there is none and nothing else beyond!). Manganaka Muni heard every word of Maha Deva, who blessed the Muni to secure Shiva Loka. Kalanjara Tirtha: A King named Shweta at Kalanjara was a passionate devotee of Rudra Deva and having formally installed a Linga with high dedication worshipped for several years. On one auspicious day Maha Deva granted his appearance but as a scary and dancing Figure with a Trishula in his powerful hands with garlands of human skulls and serpents; the Rajarshi got startled and holding the Shiva Linga tight recited Shata Rudriya loudly with disbelief and shock. Shiva consoled the King and transformed himself into a peaceful Swarupa along with Devi Parvati as the King prayed to him still in a trance: Namo Bhavaaya hetavey Haraaya Visdhwa sambhavey, Namah Shivaaya dheematey namopavarga daayine/ Namo namo namostutey Mahaa Vibhutaye namah, Vibhaagarupiney namo Naraadhipaaya/ Namostutey Ganeshwara prapanna duhkha naashana, Anaadi nithya bhutaye Varaaha shringa dhaariney/ Namo Vrishabhadhwajaaya tey Kapaala maaliney namah, Namo Mahaa nataaya tey namo Vrishabhadhwajaya tey/

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(Salutations to Bhava the Cause and Creation of the World; Hara; the bestower of Moksha; Maha Vibhuti Swarupa or of Manifestations and Faculties of Shiva; the Destroyer of Sorrows of those dedicated to him; You are the one without beginning and termination and indivisible too; You are the Shringa or horn of the Varaharupa (with which Bhu Devi was rescued from Rasaatala); You are the wearer of skulls as garlands and Vrishabha Vahana). As the Prayer was over, Maha Deva granted Ganapatyaor the Status of the Chief of Ganaas. Such was the background of Kalanjara Tirtha, where Shiva -Araadhanawas stated to be of immence consequence. Other Sacred Tirthaas: Mahaalaya is a Secret Tirtha where a Shilaatala Charana or the Sacred Feet of Maha Shiva got materialised as a proof and warning to Nastiks or Non-Believers and is continued as a Maha Tirtha where ash-smeared bodied Bhaktas engaged in recitations of Maha Nyasa are visible to date. Kedara Kshetra continues to attract global attention, despite natural deterrents of snow and other difficulities of access on high- altitude where Vrishaketu Maha Deva Linga is venerated with singular devotion after taking bath in the Kshetra, besides performing Shraaddhas, Daanaas and other Karmas with great sense of endurance and fulfillment. Godavari and Kaveri River Banks are dotted with Kshetras where Pitru Tarpanas and Shraddhas are performed on all occasions like Eclipses and Parva Dinasof localised popularity besides being the Halllowed Places of Nimajjanaasor formal immersionsof human ashes adfter deaths. Brahma Tirtha enjoys international fame for Pitru Karyas like Shraddhas and Brahma Puja, where Sacred River Saraswati literally goes under ground and provides glimpses at intermittent places like Prayaga Sangama before merging into the Ocean ; the much famed Vyasa Tirtha in a mountain cave exists as per belief from where Vyasa Muni scripted Maha Bharata while noted by Ganeshwara himself from a nearby cave by telepathy. Maanasa Sarovara snaana is stated to result in Indras Arthaasana or of half of Indras half throne. This is a popular Mountain of extraordinary vegetation and natural surroundings of medicinal properties and there is a strong belief that bathing in the Pushkarini near by would wash off Brahma Hatya Maha Patakaor the heinous sin of killing a Brahmana; the Puranic belief was that Indra who killed Vritrasura a Brahmana suffered the chase of Brahma Hatya Paapa Devi who could not locate Indra hiding in the stem of a lotus flower inside the Sarovara and that was how the disappearance of Indra led the temporary crowning of King Nahusha as Indra as the former performed ninty nine Ashwamedhas; the qualifier to become Indra was to perform hundred such Yagnas. On reaching Badarikaashrama, human beings would have got rid of sins typical of Kali Yuga. This is the hallowed Kshetra where Nara-Narayana Mahashris stayed and performed great Tapasyas. Also, Badari had been the spot that Mahadeva as particularly fond of. Also, Badari is the Place where Pitru Pujas are immensly valuable as the process of redemption to Pitras is stated to be quick and effective. Shiva Linga Patana at Deva Daaru Vana, Brahmas reproof to Munis and their remorse ( Brahma extols Shiva Mahima, Muni Stuti and Shivas discourse on Karma & Jnaana Yogas) In the days yore, thousands of Munis were engaged in their Tapasya along with their wives and families observing an orderly routine of Vedic duties and performing Yagnas frequently. Into this routine, Maha Deva landed as an attractive and healthy youth along with Vishnu as Maya Devi of enticing body features and matchless beauty. Apparently, both of the Maha Devas viz.Shiva and Vishnu desired to teach the Maharshis about the Pravrutthi Marga(Karma Yoga of Grihastis) as against the Nivrutti Marga (Sanyasa Yoga).There was a commotion in the Society as the womenfolk got mesmerised with the body features of Shiva as a romantic male and the sons of Munis went berserk with Vishnu as a dazzling female. The presence of the couple was highly disturbing especially as they were displaying romance in public and were even dancing in provocative postures. Some of the elderly Maharshis encountered the male youth and asked him about his antecedents and the latter replied smilingly that they desired to perform Tapasya; the Rishis asked the male youth to do so without his wife but Shiva replied that neither his wife desired to possess another male nor he would leave her any way. Asked as to who was he, Shiva replied that he was a Siddha and had been residing

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earlier in the Brahma Maya Mandala! As Shiva in the form of a Male Youth gave such careless replies, the Munis surrounded him despising the youths semi-nakedness and assaulted him physically with blows and punches and said: Dushtaa charanti Girisham nagnam vikruta lakshanam, Prochuretad Bhavaallingamutpaatayatu Durmatey/ (When the semi-nude Girisha faced the Munis, the latter shouted on them and said : Durmatey! You better drop off your Linga, the Symbol of man-hood)! Shiva replied that if they so insisted likewise, he would do so and having done so, Shiva disappeared and so did Vishnu in the feminine form. While this happened, there was sudden darkness all around, severe earthquakes were experienced, Planets were out of their positions and oceans were highly disturbed . Maharshis prayed to Brahma Deva at this occurrence and a highly nervous and distressed Brahma replied: Ha kashtam bhavataamadya jaatam Sarvaarthanaashanam, Dhigbalam dhik tapascharyaa mithyaiva bhavataamiha/ Sampraapya Punyasamskaaraannadheenam Paramam nidhim, Upekshitam vridhaachaarairbhavadbhiriha mohitaih/ Kaamkshatey Yogino nityam yatnanto yatayo nidhim, Yameva tam samaasaadya haabhavadbhirupekshitam/ (Ha! What a huge misfortune had befallen; fie on your stupidity and senselessness! What ever Tapasya had been done all these years and decades had come to nought! Alas! Whatever physical and mental sacrifices that were made and almost reached fruition had been ruined and got wasted! Alas indeed, the great Nidhi / Fund that Maha Yogis and Yatis craved for their life times was no doubt achieved but slipped through fingers irretrievably!) Brahma further expressed his dismay and sorrow at this most unfotunate incident to the Maharshis and described Parama Shivas magnificence as follows: At the time of Pralayas or the Great Universal Exterminations repeatedly occuring for thousands of Yugas in the Timeless Past, Bhagavan Shankara assumes Kaala Swarupa and annihilates Devas, Rishis, Pitaras and all Physical Beings in Creation. He then resumes Stishti after each such Pralaya. Since there is no difference between him and Vishnu, some times he transforms himself as he pleases into Vishnu Swarupa with Chakra, Vajra and Shri Vatsa symbol; during Krita yuga Shiva assumes Yogi Swarupa; in Treta Yuga he adopts Yagna Swarupa; in Dwapara Yoga he assumes Kaaala Rupa and in Kali Yuga as Dhumaketu. Rudra has manifested as Three Murtis encompassing the entire Universe. It was stated that the Prime Form of Tamoguna is Agni, Brahma signifies Rajo guna and Vishnu represents Satwa guna. Shivas another Swarupa is stated to be Digambara (Nude), Shaswata and Shivatmika and is known as Para Brahma; his one-half of physical Form is his wife as Artha Nariswara; indeed he is Paramatma Narayana who creates and absorbs every thing into him. He indeed is the Supreme Enchanter and the Final Destiny! Sahasra Purushah Sahasraakshah Sahasrapaat, Eka Shringo Mahatmaanaa Puraanashtaksharo Harih/ Chaturvedaschaturmurtir- trigunaha Parah,

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Ekamurtirameyaatmaa Narayana iti Shrutih/ (Maha Purusha Shri Hari , the Ashtaakshara Murti of Om Namo Narayanaaya, who possesses thousands of heads, eyes and feet had the distinction of pulling up the Universe with one shringa / horn; the Shritis underscore that Narayana is of the Manifestations of Chatur Vedas, Chatur Murtis, Tri Murtis and Tri Gunaas and yet is really of a Single Form!) Narayana who is the Prime Form of Water is the decider of the Karma Phala of every Being. All the virtuous practitioners of Dharma look to him as an Example and through various Stutis and Mantras seek solace from him in their strife for Salvation. That Paramatma who creates and ends up the Samsara is neither born nor terminated nor even grown. In the Swarupa of Brahma, He sows the seed; as Vishnu he preserves and as Shiva uproots. Thus Paramatma assumes different Swarupas depending on their end-objectives! Having said this, Brahma instructed the Maharshis to instal Lingas along the Pratimas of Devi and Putras and worship vigourously with the help of relevant Mantras. The installation of Lingas has to be accomplished with utmost reverence along the recitations of Vedas and Shata Rudriyas and the next generations too should be sensitized to worship the Shiva Linga with increased vigour and faith. After Brahma explained on the above lines and disappeared, the Maharshis felt ashamed of their thoughtless action and resolved to propagate universal awareness of Linga Pratishtha and regular Shiva Linga Puja. Then they prostrated before Bhagavan Shiva in their own hearts, minds and inner visions and most repentantly made the following Stuti: Namo Devaadi Devaaya Mahadevaaya tey namah, Traiyambakaaya Namastubhyam Trishula vara dhaariney/ Namo Digvaasasey tubhyam Vikrutaaya Pinaakiney, Sarva Pranata dehaaya Swayam Pranataatmaney/ Antakaanta krutey tubhyam Sarva Samhaaranaayacha, Namostu Nrittya sheelaaya Namo Bhairava Rupiney/ Naranaari shariraaya yoginaam Guravey namah, Namo Daantaaya Shaantaaya Tyaapasaaya Haraaya cha/ Vibhishanaaya Rudraaya Namastey Krittivaasasey, Namastey Lolihaanaaya Shitikanthaaya tey namah/ Aghoraghora rupaaya Vaamadevaaya vai namah, Namah Kanakamaalaaya Devyaah Priyakaraaya cha/ Ganga saliladhaaraaya Shambavey Parameshtiney, Namo Yogaadhipataye Brahmaadhipataey Namah/ Praanaaya cha Namastubhyam namo Bhasmaanga raaginy, Namastey Ghana vaahaaya damshtriney Vahniretasey/ Brahmanaas cha Shiro hatrey namastey Kaala rupiney, 78

Aaaganti tey na jaaneemo ganti naiva cha naiva cha, Vishweshwara Maha Deva yosi sosi namostutey/ Namah Pramathanaayaaya Daatrey cha Meedhushtamaaya tey, Namah Kanaka Lingaaya Vaari Lingaaya tey namah/ Namo Vahnyarkya Lingaaya Jnaana Lingaaya tey namah, Namo bhujanga haaraaya Karnikaara priyaaya cha, Kirtiney Kundaliney Kaal Kaalaaya tey namah/ Vaama deva Maheshaana Devadeva Trilochana, Kshamyataam yatkrutam mohaat tatwameva sharanam hi nah/ Charitaani vichitraani gruhaani gahanaanicha, Brahma deenaam cha Sarveshaam Durvijayosi Shankara/ Ajnaanaad yadi vaa Jnaanaad yatkinchit kurutey Narah, Tatsarvam Bhagavaaneva kurutey Yogamaayayaa/ (Our sincere salutations to you Devaadi Deva, Maha Deva, Trishula dhaari, Traimbaka, Digambara, Vikruta Rupa, Pinaakini; You are the refuge to one and all while you do not require anybodys shelter or support; if Yama is the destroyer, you are capable of destroying Yama, if need be; You are the Greatest Dancer and is Bhairava; You are of Nara-Naari Swarupa or Ardha Naarishwara and the Yoga Guru; our greetings to you the Daanta, Shaanta and Taapasa Swarupa; Rudra! You are the Most Ferocious one, wearing Animal Skins ; Lolihaana (Serpent: an epithet for Shiva); Sthitikantha ( white throated); Aghora; Ghora Rupa or of Grotesque Form; Vaama Deva; garlanded by Kanaka pushpas; Devi Priya Karta; Gangaadhara; Pramatha naatha; Shambhu; Yogadhipati; Brahmaadhipati; Of Ash leden Limbs; Praana Rupa; Megha Vahana or The One carried by Clouds; Damshtri! Vahni Reta or Fire-Spermed; Brahma Shira Harana or He who snipped one of Brahmas heads; Kaala Rupa; Gamanaagama Jnaana nirata or he who knows about the Entry and Exit of all Beings; Vishweswara! Maha Deva! We salute you in the same Swarupa as You were when you disappeared; You are Pramadha Nadha! Sampada daata or the Bestower of Prosperity; Kapaala dhaari! Meedhushta Linga! Kanaka Linga! Vaari Linga! Agni Linga! Surya Linga! Jnaana Linga! Sarpamaalaa Dhara! Karnikaara Pushpa Maalaa Dhara! Kireeta-Kundala Dhara! Kaala Kaala! Vaama Deva! Trilochana! Maheshaana! Devaadhi Deva! You have hypnotized us and we are ashamed of what we did to you; do very kindly pardon us for our inexcusable and disgraceful action but we are all in your protection! You defy description as you are deep, secretive and complex. Maha Deva! Brahma and others could simply not comprehend you! Whatever Human beings act is only the product of what Maya does and indeed Mayas actions are the product of your own choice!) As Munis made the above submission to Maha Deva, the latter granted to them his appearance; there after select Maharshis like Bhrigu, Angira, Vasishtha, Vishwamitra, Goutama, Atri and so on made a request to Maha Deva as to how one should worship him; should it be by the means of Karma Yoga or Jnaana Yoga! In fact Maha Deva entered Deva Daru Vana like a semi-lunatic as an attractive youth along with Vishnu in Stree Swarupa only to clarify on this very subject of worship: should it be by the Pravrutti Marga or Nivrutti Marga?

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Shivas discourse on Karma and Jnaana Yogas: Mahadeva replied to the above queries on the same lines of what he revealed to Brahmadeva too: To attain Mukti, human beings have two options of Sankhya Yoga; one is Karma Yoga another is Jnaana Yoga; Karma Yoga alone would not secure Moksha and it has to be supplemented with Jnaan Yoga: Na kevalena Yogena drushyatey Purushah Parah, Jnaanam tu kevalam samyagapavarga phala Pradam/ Bhavantah kevalam yogam sdamaashritya vimuktayey, Vihaaya Saamkhyam Vimalamakur-vanta parishramam/ Etasmaat kaaranaat Vipraa Nrunaam kevaladharminaam, Aaagatohamimam desham jnaapayan Moha sambhavam /(Merely Karmayoga shall not reach one to Mukti; Jnaana nishtha or the discipline of Jnaana too is essential. You persons are merely following karma sadhana without jnaana and that was the reason why I had to descend down in disguise to correct you!). You should all try to learn, understand and visualise the Jnaana route to Mukti. Atma (Inner Soul) is pure, unadulterated with inhibitions, transparent and permanent. That is the Brahma bhava; Yatis who practise the vision of Vishwa Swarupa become aware of that Jnaana and distinguish wood for the forest! Karma yoga or the relentless practice of virtuous deeds is no doubt useful and essential upto a point but knowing of Paramatma and of his qualities of Omni Presence, Omni-Science, Omni Potence, of His Infinity and Permanance needs to be understood clearly and then continuous meditation be resorted to). Jnaana yogarataah Shaantaamameva sharanam gataah, ye hi maam bhasmanirataa dhyaayanti satatam hridi/ Madbhakti Paramaa Nityam yatayah ksheenakalmashaah, Naashayaamyachiraat teshaam ghoram Samsaara saagaram/ Those who truly understand the futility of Samsara in their hearts would smear Bhasma on their face and body as a sign of Vairagya, seek my protection recognising my Supremacy and engage in my Dhyana constantly). My Bhaktas must practise equanimity of sorrows and joys; from temporary failures and successes besides worldly distractions and joys.Then they should practise Brahmacharya, accord least importance to dress and related attributes of physical looks, false prestiges and vanity; enforce physical-mental control and think of nothing else than me. Mahadeva stated that in the past, he prescribed Paashupata Vrata: Yesha Paashupato Yogah sevaneeyo Mumukshubhih, Bhasmacchannairhi satatam nishkaamairiti vishrutih/ Veetaraaga bhayakrodhaa manmaaa maamupaashritaah, Bahavonena yogena putaa madbhaava maagataah/ (Those Mumukshus who aim at Moksha have no desires and are always in the practice of Pashupata Yoga with Bhasma and Nishkaama as their hall-marks. They are fully rid of desire, fear and anger and surrender themselves into my sanctuary).

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Bhagavan further asserted: Veda murtiraham Vipraa naanya Shaastraardhavedibhih, Jnaayatey matswarupam tu muktwaa Vedam Sanaatanam/ Sthaapayadhwamidam Maargam Pujayadhwam Maheshwaram, Achiraadaishwaram Jnaanamut- pashyati na samshayah/ Mayi Bhaktischa Vipulaa Bhavataamastu Sattamaah, Dhyaatamaatrohi Saamnidhyam daasyayaami Munisattamaah/ (Brahmanaas! I am the Veda Murti. Persons like you who ignored Sanaatana Vedas and sought to adopt novel interpretations of Shastras could indeed never realise me; You must now on revise your ways of thinking and observe Ishwara Puja which should provide you the Sanatana Jnaana of Ishwara without doubt. May you all be granted with enormous devotion to me; as you ponder about me and meditate to me, you should be able to come near to me!) As Maha Deva preached the above and disappeared, the Maharshis commenced worship with full vigour and in the process and passage of time, they broadened their vision and raised certain relevant and germane queries in the quest of further knowledge: Kimasya Jagato Mulamaatmaa chaasmaka meva hi, Kopi syaat Sarva bhaavaanaam hetureeshwara eva cha/ (What is the root cause of this Universe! The reply would be : The Atma is the genesis of the Universe!; What is the causation or inter-connection between Atma and the Material in the Universe! The reply would be: Maha Deva is the Creator of all Bhaavaas or Material.) To annotate these pertinent queries, Devi Parvati appeared and the Maharshis who visioned her with thousands of Tejojwaalaas or innumerable strings of extra- ordinary flames as the Maharshis came to realise that Maheshwari was the Mula Shakti- the Paramasya Beejam or the Supreme Seed- which was the Causation! They commended Parvati as the Maha Maya Shakti and saluted her: Iyam hi saa Jajato yonirekaa Sarvaatmikaa Sarvaniyaamikaa cha, Maaheshwari Shaktiranaadi Siddhaa Vyomaabhidhaanaa Divi Raajateeva/ Asyaam Mahat Parameshthi Parastaanmaheshwarah Shiva Ekotha Rudrah, Chakaara Vishwam Para Shakti nishthaam Maayaamathaaruhya sa Deva Devah/ Eko Devah Sarva Bhuteshu Goodho Maayee Rudrah Sakalo nishkalascha, Sa yeva Devi na cha Tadvibhinnametatjjyaatwaa hyamrutatvam vrajanti/ (This Maheshwari Shakti is indeed the core source of the Samsara and its Supreme Enforcer and Regulator; Devadi Deva Parameshthi the Unique and Adviteeya depends on his own manifestation as Maya does ably assist in the Creation and deeds of the Universe). Kurma Purana Phala Shruti and Kurma Deva Stuti by Maharshis

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Etat Puranam Paramam Bhashitam Kurmarupinaa, Sakshaat Devaadi Devena Vishnunaa Vishwa yoninaa/ Yah pathet satatam Martyo niyamena samaahitah, Sarva paapa vinirmukto Brahma lokey mahiyatey/ ( Kurma Purana is stated to have been recited by the Kurma Rupa dhari Adideva Vishnu himself. Those who read the Purana with concentration and sincerity would have their Paapaas demolished and attain Brahma Loka.) If one could formally write down the Purana and gift it to a Vedajna Brahmana during the Vaishakha Month that commendable deed would secure prosperity in the current life and enjoyment of Swarga Sukhaas therafter; in the subsequent life, he would be reborn with Brahma Vidya. Even reading one chapter of the Purana and assimilate its purport, the Reader would secure Parama Punya. Persons who aspire for Moksha, especially those who desire to assimiltate the latent and intensive meaning of Vedas must read, hear, cogitate and digest the contents of this Purana. Gifting of this Purana to a learned and mature Pandita would add on to the fund of Punya as it would open new vistas of further learning to the receiver as also to the donor. In short, this Purana opens up fresh frontiers of Learning, especially to visualise Bhagavan Narayana who is stated to be Avyaktam Shaswatam Vishnum -anatamajamavyayam or Unknown, Everlasting, Omni Present, Endless , Unborn and Indestructible. Stuti of Kurma Deva by Maharshis Namastey Kurmarupaaya Vishnavey Paramatmaney, Narayanaya Vishwaaya Vaasudevaaya tey namah/ Namo namastey Krishnaaya Govindaaya Namo namah, Maadhavaaya Namastubhyam namo Yajneshwaraaya cha/ Sahasra shirasey tubhyam sahasraakshaaya tey namah, Namah Sahasra Hastaaya Sahasra Charanaayacha/ Om Namo Jnaanarupaaya Paramaastaswa rupiney, Anandaaya Namastubhyam Mayatitaaya tey namah/ Namo gudha shariraaya Nirgunaaya Namostutey, Purushaaya Puraanaya Satthaamaatra swarupiney/ Namah Sankhyaaya Yogaaya Kevalaaya Namostutey, Dharmajnaadhigamyaaya Nishkalaaya Namo namah/ Namostu Vyoma tatwaaya Maha Yogeshwaraaya cha, Paraavaaranaam Prabhavey Veda Vedyaaya tey Namah/

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Namo Buddhaaya Shuddhaaya Namo Yuktaaya Hetavey, Namo Namo Namastubhyam Maayiney Vedhasey Namah/ Namostutey Varaahaaya Narasimhaaya tey Namah, Vaamanaaya Namastubhyam Hrishikeshaaya tey Namah/ Namostu Kaala Rudraaya Kaalarupaaya tey Namah, Swargaapavaraga daatrey cha Namo Pratihataatmaney/ Namo Yogaadhi gamyaaya Yoginey Yogadaayiney, Devaanaam Pataye tubhyam Devaarti shamanaaya tey/ Bhagavamstat prasaadena Sarva Samsaara naashanam, Asmaabhi vanditam Jnaanam Yajjatwa amritamashnitey/ Shrutaastu vividhaa Dharmaa Vamshaa Manvanta raani cha, Sargascha Pratisargascha Brahmaandasyaasya vistarah/ Twam hi Sarva Jagatsaakshi Vishvo Naaraayana parah, Traatumarhasyanantaatmamstwameva Sharanam gatih/ (Our salutations to Kurmarupa Vishnu, Vishwarupa, Narayana, Vaasudeva, Krishna, Govinda, Maadhava, Yagneshwara! You possess thousands of heads, eyes, hands and feet. You are the Pranava Swarupa, Jnaana Rupa, Ananda Rupa Paramatma! You are of Undisclosed Physique, Nirguna and Mayaateeta or Beyond Falsity! You are Purana Purusha, Sattamaatra (Shakti) Swarupa, Sankhya Yoga Rupa, Advitiya or Unique, and Nishkala. Narayana! You are attainable only by Dharma and Jnaana; Vyoma (Sky) Tatwa Swarupa; Maha Yogeshwara; Creator of Paraapara Material; Veda Vedya; Shudda / Jnaana Swarupa and Embodiment of Purity; Nirakara Swarupa or of Shapeless Form; Buddha or Jnaana Swarupa; Yoga Yukta; Hetu Rupa or the Cause of the Universe; Mayavi or Maya Niyantraka or the Regulator of Illusions; and Vedha or Prapancha Srashta.Our sincere Pranaams to you Vishnu Bhagavan! You had assumed incarnations like Varaha Rupa, Narasimha, and Vamaa Rupa! You are Hrishikesha or Indriyeshwara; Kaala Rudra, Kaala Rupa; and Swargaapavarga Pradaata or the Decider of Heaven or otherwise to various Beings. Bhagavan, You are Apratihataatma or the Everlasting and Imperishable Soul; Yogaadi gamya or the Goal of Yoga; Maha Yogi and Yoga daataa; Deva Swami and Deva Kashta Shamana or the Reliever of Difficulties faced by Devas.Our prostrations to you Bhagavan! It is through your grace that one secures Mukti from Samsara. It is through your elegance that one obtains Jnaana with which to learn Amritatwa. Kurma Deva! Through you from this Kurma Purana that we have learnt innumerable facts about Dharma, Sarga, Prati Sarga, Brahmanada, and so on. Indeed you are the Permanent Evidence of the Universes that came or in position and yet to emerge; We seek protection from You Vishwarupa, Parama Narayana and Anantaatma!)

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