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- By E. Henning
1. Kālacakra Calendar
The Kālacakra Calendar. A key component of the Kālacakra system is the calendar described in the first chapter of the Kālacakra Tantra. Introduction. One of the main topics to be discussed in the first chapter of the Kālacakra Tantra is the creation of a calendar. There are many misconceptions regarding this system. The Tibetans used it as the basis for their calendar (see Svante Janson for an extensive description of this), which theoretically started in 1027, but have mostly never followed the precise instructions as given in the original Kālacakra literature. There are therefore strong reasons for saying that the Tibetan calendar is in need of reform. So, the calendar presented here is not a Tibetan calendar as can be purchased nowadays in Lhasa or Kathmandu, but is based as closely as possible on the instructions given in the Kālacakra literature, with the exception, of course, that we need not use all of their methods, and can instead use modern technology where appropriate. However, there is one calendar that was developed in Tibet in the 15th century in the system known as the "Correction of Error" ('khrul sel) that closely followed the instructions in the original Kālacakra literature. If that calendar had been developed further and then maintained by means of regular adjustment on the basis of observation, it would be essentially the same as the calendar presented here. More about this in the description of the calendar. Another misconception – very common in the west – is that the Tibetan, and therefore the Kālacakra, calendar is based on a sidereal, rather than a tropical zodiac. Exactly the reverse is the case. Ayanāṃśa. Some Indian systems describe the difference between the beginning of the sidereal and tropical zodiacs by this term, ayanāṃśa. As the First Point of Aries of the tropical zodiac is moving slowly backwards through the sidereal zodiacal constellations (the process known as precession), its value (currently around 22°-24°) is constantly increasing. One sometimes reads that the Tibetan system uses an ayanāṃśa, and even that Tibetan almanacs print its value (Tibetan Astrology, Cornu, p.129). But such
2 The difference between statements are pure fiction – the concept does not exist in these two zodiacs is as the Tibetan system. follows. In both cases, the zodiac is a division of the It is certainly the case that the First Point of Aries in the ecliptic into twelve equal Tibetan way of measuring longitude is offset from that in a parts called signs, or zodiac proper tropical zodiac, but this is due to the belief that the signs. These are therefore solstice is observed earlier in Tibet than in India. This offset all 30° in size. The ecliptic (1;43,30 in the Phugpa tradition) does not slowly increase is the path the Sun follows with time – other than as a result of errors in the calculation through the sky during the – and has remained fixed for nearly 600 years. The fact that year, and the position of the this seasonal offset has a value similar to the current Sun, and also of the Moon ayanāṃśa is simply coincidence. The offset was fixed at a or planets, at any one time time when the ayanāṃśa was about 2⁄3 its present value. is given as a measure of angular distance from a starting point in the ecliptic. This distance is called longitude. The zodiac begins with the sign of Aries, and the point right at the beginning of Aries is called the First Point of Aries. In the west, longitude is measured in terms of degrees, or of a combination of signs and degrees. So, if the Sun is said to be at a point 10° within the sign of Gemini, as Gemini is the third zodiac sign, the Sun is therefore 70° from the First Point of Aries. The difference between the two types of zodiac lies in the definition of the position of the First Point of Aries. In the tropical zodiac, the First Point of Aries is defined as the position of the Sun at the vernal equinox – at this point the plane of the Earth's equator and the ecliptic cross, and when the Sun is in that position in the Spring, day and night are of equal length. The tropical zodiac is the one most commonly in use. Due to the phenomenon known as the precession of the equinoxes, the tropical First Point of Aries is slowly moving against the background of the stars – the movement is at a rate of approximately 50 seconds of arc each year. In a sidereal zodiac, the First Point of Aries does not move relative to the stars, but is a point within the fixed stars. It's position varies with different traditions, but it is in the region bordering the constellations of Pisces and Aries. The uncertainty regarding the definition of the sidereal First Point of Aries is not the only problem with a sidereal zodiac. Due to precession, the ecliptic moves relative to the stars, and the point of the vernal equinox on the ecliptic moves away from this point in the stars. So, if the sidereal First Point of Aries is defined for some hundreds of years ago, the Sun no longer actually crosses that same point at the time of the equinox, and as the years pass, moves further away each time it passes. Approximately 1,500 years ago, these two zodiacs coincided, but due to the precession of the equinoxes, the tropical First Point of Aries is slowly moving against the fixed stars, and has by now drifted to a point approximately on the border between the constellations of Aquarius and Pisces.
leaves no room for any such view. It describes how the calendar needs to be adjusted regularly by means of direct observation in order to correct the solar position. The point could hardly be made more clearly.htm . and the Vimalaprabhā explicitly criticises such systems for not understanding the true position of the Sun. but the methods needed were either not understood or were for some reason rejected.15. their main calendar now uses a position of the Sun which differs from that in a tropical zodiac by about 36° – more than a whole sign of the zodiac. each of which are further subdivided into 60 parts. Most Indian systems of astrology and calendars are in fact based on sidereal zodiacs. With all these wrong. The methods described by the Kālacakra system would have seemed quite radical in 10th century India. and is simply wrong – it is not a matter of sidereal or tropical. Once that has been a Tibetan gnomon determined. the Kālacakra system has quite a reforming spirit to it. then the longitude of the moon will be wrong. by means of measuring with a gnomon (thur Text book drawing of shing) the longest midday shadow of the Sun. A simple calculation will show that this equals 0° Capricorn.3 New Year in the Kālacakra calendar takes place in spring. and expected to be accurate over long periods of time. It states that such methods are meaningless. Clearly. Their solar position is also not consistent with a sidereal zodiac.) The methods used by most Indian systems rely on complex calculation systems that were described in textbooks (siddhānta). However. As most Tibetans have not adjusted their calendars according to the methods described in the Kālacakra literature. mūladhruvaka) for it's calendar. and makes the point very strongly. then the Sun's longitude has to be corrected for that time to equal 0° Capricorn. Perhaps these issues were not well understood in Tibet. (The Vimalaprabhā actually gives the corrected longitude as 20. Source: http://www. 0° Capricorn is the exact position of the Sun at winter solstice in a tropical zodiac. the Kālacakra system is opposed to this method.kalacakra. because over long periods of time small errors will accumulate and become significant. which is a measurement in a system that divides the zodiac into 27 equal bands. it will always occur in spring. New Year would slowly drift later through the seasons. and so will those of the other planets. It is surprising that so many westerners believe the Kālacakra and Tibetan calendars to be based on a sidereal zodiac. any prognostications made will also be wrong. if the calendar were instead based on a sidereal zodiac. The observation that it says is needed is to time the occurrence of the winter solstice.org/calendar/kcal. the Vimalaprabhā. and the Vimalaprabhā calls this the primary definition (rtsa ba'i nges pa. because the Kālacakra Tantra commentary. It states that without a correct value for the longitude of the Sun. The intention was to base it on the Kālacakra system and its tropical zodiac. and as the system is based on a tropical zodiac.0. and looked at in this way.
his system is called the "Error Correction" system. He therefore followed the instructions of the Kālacakra literature closely. Kathmandu or Lhasa. and the longitude of the Sun he derived closely agreed with a modern tropical zodiac. from the so called Phugpa and Tsurphu systems. Zhonnu Pal (gzhon nu dpal). If one looks up the longitude of the Sun in a modern Tibetan calendar. and needs to be adjusted according to the occurence of the winter solstice. Interestingly. This is the key problem with the Tibetan calendar. and at least one Tibetan calendar maker. but the Sun is considered by the main Tibetan calendars to pass any point in the zodiac later than is actually the case. respectively. notably the famous Pandita Vimalaśrī. bought in say. The developers of the Phugpa and Tsurphu calendars considered that the soltsice is observed in Tibet before it is observed in India – three weeks and two weeks earlier. Which problem came first is not clear. This means that the definitions of the months will be late. plus other errors accumulated over 500 years – the calculations have not been adjusted in that time. Tibetan astrology uses as its basis a calendar very similar to that published on this website. This was built into their calculations and is the main cause of the errors in their calculations. when deriving their calendars have fallen victim to just those errors that the Kālacakra so strongly criticises. except by Zhonnu Pal. and many hundreds of years ago Indian experts. This advice was most mostly ignored by the Tibetans. Many others were devised but survive only in textbooks. Two main Tibetan calendars survive today. the Kālacakra commentary. The main differences between these systems were the calculations they used. makes it very clear that the longitude of the Sun needs to be correct. Astrology associated with Kālacakra Introducton. Dharmsala.4 The irony of course is that the Tibetans. complained to the Tibetans that the Tibetan months were occuring one month later than they should.kalacakra. and the Vimalprabhā. who have otherwise preserved the Kālacakra system so well. also rejected the concept that the solstice was observed at different times. and these diverged significantly due to differing interpretations of the calculations and methods of the Kālacakra Tantra.htm . that longitude will be about 35° less than that found in a modern western ephemeris. (The 35° difference is a result of this calculation.) We know of course that the solstice occurs at the same time for all places on the Earth. whose Source: http://www. Closely associated with this difficulty over the longitude of the Sun is a discrepancy over the timing of the Indian months.org/calendar/kcal. The structure of that calendar is defined by calculations that are based on original methods given in the Kālacakra Tantra and its commentary the Vimalaprabhā. 2.
So. the Phugpa calendar places the Chinese months a whole two months earlier than do Chinese calendars. For what appear to be political reasons. There is no such thing as Kālacakra astrology as such. further symbolic information is added to the calendar. Once the months and their attributes are settled. Further symbolic information. by Varāhamihira. all cycling through the years. It also has its own system of symbolism applied to the planets. These notes are about the Indian system of astrology. and the naming of the months – together with their other characteristics – is clearly a critical part of this. months and double-hours (there are twelve of these in single day). by Varāhamihira. but this is more associated with the maṇ ala of Kālacakra and its meditation methods than with astrology. 1981. and the only substantial work is: Tibetan Elemental Divination Paintings. The basic structure of the calendar has symbolic information applied to it. very little is written in the English language about Chinese astrology. The Tsurphu system usually agrees with the Chinese months. the eight trigrams (known from the I Ching) and the nine numbers. by Gyurme Dorje. from both Indian and Chinese systems. and two works worth recommending are: Bṛihat Saṃhitā. Delhi. There is some material on this subject available in the English language. Ramakrishna Bhat. lunar mansions. Two volumes. From the Chinese system this consists of the five elements and the twelve animals.S. and so forth. published by John Eskenazi.5 months agreed with those in India. Bṛihat Jatak. although Kālacakra does introduce some variations on accepted methods. Unfotunately. putting the beginning of the Chinese new year – defined as the beginning of spring – back in December! This means that there is a three month error between the combinations of the Indian and Chinese months in the Phugpa system.org/calendar/kcal. the calendar published on this website takes the example of Zhonnu Pal.kalacakra. but due to occasional differences in the start of the year. for the years and days. A Kālacakra astrologer is therefore expected to be familiar with general Indian astrology. and follows the definitions of the Kālacakra literature closely. 2002. translated by M. they do not always match up. Motilal Banarsidass. The calendar developed by Zhonnu Pal seems to have been the only one developed in Tibet for which descriptions survive that would have met with the approval of both Indian and Chinese calendar makers. and defines the Chinese months in agreement with Chinese calendars. and to use this together with the Kālacakra calendar. published by Ranjan Source: http://www. and only the briefest information will be given about the various attributes from the Chinese system. Sastri.htm . translated by Prof P.
and to be a guide for an understanding of the attribute being described. The style in Tibetan and ancient Indian texts. fond of fine clothes. and could include such comments as: "Will live to be 60 days or 60 or 72 years.kalacakra. The notes that are being developed for this website concern mainly the astrology of the five components. psychological interpretations. and the whole sign that is rising at any time. This would help develop the intuition. and also the twelve houses. they are little used. Delhi. lunar day. progressions and transits would not be used. There is also some information regarding the Hindu approach to Kālacakra and astrology available from Mike Magee. Western astrologers are very used to a style of astrological textbook that is full of extensive explanations. the lunar mansions are certainly the most important. yoga and karaṇa. The main methods used with the Kālacakra system in addition to these are associated with the so-called five components of the calendar: the weekday. will be ill-tempered. That style is very literal. with a father that will die young. Any other Indian classical works that do deal with astrology would probably also be relevant for anybody wishing to learn the astrology associated with Kālacakra. Such literal descriptions are designed to bring a picture to mind. the ascendant (dus sbyor. The houses that are used are equal in size. 1995. and the astrological charts and so forth would be used as guides for intuitive Source: http://www. Such an astrologer would be a regular practitioner of Kālacakra meditation. lunar mansion. and although these are known in western systems. four hundred years ago.org/calendar/kcal." That is not a literal quote. but it sums up the style correctly.htm . Amongst these. They are not to be taken literally. In fact. although concepts such as aspects. many concepts that are familar in western astrology also apply in the Indian system. to be easy to remember. mainly Tibetan. such as the works of Varāhamihira. lagna). The approach of a Kālacakra astrologer would be very intuitive. Varāhamihira lived in the 6th century. locate them in the twelve signs of the zodiac. The meanings applied to these are all essentially the same as in western systems. is very different. A Kālacakra astrologer would use the planets up to Saturn. Also. and so forth. and many classical works from that period deal with calculation (astronomy) rather than astrology. mentioned above. both here and here. and will die from the sword or snake-bite on a Tuesday. in particular the lunar mansions. it is very similar to the style found in western textbooks of astrology from. These notes are being derived from many sources. but many details can also be found in various odd places. is considered to be the first house. say. Style of astrology. worked examples. One word of warning.6 Publications.
will live a long time. will be wealthy but will run the house. Will be evil and short tempered. for the female it is good. and 2) electional astrology. Much greater emphasis is placed on two other aspects of astrology: 1) horary astrology. Will be of low class. if a daughter is born this is bad. For the male. Friday. he will be unpleasant to his mother. Monday. Wind. Another similarity between Tibetan and classical Indian texts with old western works on astrology is the reduced emphasis on natal astrology. establishment of a new building. etc. for female. Sunday. he will be a loving and important person. largely because of the lack of knowledge of people's time. others are being prepared. Fire. Wednesday.kalacakra. and would form a framework for that intuitive interpretation. with long life and popularity. a fornicator (discordant?). and will placed here over the coming months. For a male this is good. 3. It is this element that is combined with the equivalent elements for the lunar mansions to give the elemental yogas in the calendar. but she will wealthy and powerful. she will be beautiful with a light complection and content. Fire.htm . of birth. This appears bad. a start has been made on the notes on Indian astrology. health will be difficult and a female will die. At present (August 2004). but also one that has already taken place) to determine the outcome of that event. the element associated with the weekday is given first. and practise religion. They will be made available from this introductory page. Water. such as choosing the best time and date for a marriage. such as a blacksmith. Natal astrology of the five components The Weekdays at birth. using the time of an event (usually a proposed event. arrogant and bad tempered. using the time a question is put to the astrologer to determine the answer to the question or the solution to the problem posed by the question. Unhealthy. long life and a sharp mind. For a male.org/calendar/kcal. For a male he will be wealthy and fierce. In the following information. For a male it is bad. Earth. the parents will be poor. and often also date. The various literal explanations of the many attributes would have been memorised.7 interpretation. For a female. Source: http://www. for the female beauty and charisma. and for a female. Thursday. Tuesday. If survives seven days and seven months. but will have a clear mind and be intelligent. Water.
will live a long time. Steady. 6. Mṛigaśiras. softly spoken. but little merit. free from illness and have unquenchable thirst. attractive. Aśvinī. capable. good and virtuous. skilled in song. will have flourishing grains (barley. will not repay kindnesses. not skilled with the hands. mentally and physically unstable. will have wealth. intelligent and brave. charitable. If born female. arrogant and will enjoy evil. Earth. Will live 50. etc). brave. Will live from 28 to 62. will be fond of being generous in accordance with the Dharma. will have great reputation and be fond of women. angry.htm . or. skilled. will be a farmer and be rich. if female will work in the wool trade. peaceful and charitable.kalacakra. eloquent. will speak the truth. Due to having little compassion. In particular if male will be cunning. 0. 3. fond of others. Excellent physical body. it is said she will be sharptounged. stable intellect. if longer. not easy to get Source: http://www. 5. will have little compassion. lustful. not suited to horses and cattle. Will live 35 years or 65. for 95. or. glorious. Will live 80 years. wicked. angry. will not settle in one place. much desire. Punarvasu. Rohiṇī. will not settle in one place. good looking in all features. free from illness. Will live for 36 years or. industrious in his work. cruel. clear intellect.8 Saturday. will not perform good acts and will be energetic in evil deeds. will speak the truth. needs will be little. little time for mother and friends. will have many possesions and be greatly attached (to them). If born female. industrious. during early life will be evil. Āśleṣā. Kṛittikā. 90. skilled with the hands. will teach religion and be a moral person. Bharaṇī. For the male an average life span. rich and lucky. The Lunar Mansions at birth. 4. if longer. 8. will die as a result of robbers. Will live 50 or 60 years. Will strongly preserve religious vows and be truthful. dance and music. For a male.org/calendar/kcal. Will have an excellent mind. and be famous with great charisma. good physical form. good physical form. stupid and very poor. Skilled in handicrafts. skilled in medicine or will belong to a medical family. Will live 100 years. will teach religion and be a moral person. 2. much travelling and endeavour. broad and flexible nature. Puṣya. 7. with consistent intelligence. industrious and strong. physical shape good. will subsequently be born in hell. will always overcome all enemies. clever. physically and mentally unstable. will be rich. will be bad. Eloquent. savage. Will live between 60 and 80 years. for the female a short one. or if longer. 1. rich. 63. Ārdrā. stable mind. but will become good in later life. fond of evil acts and intercourse.
will have evil disposition. and for a long time will be highly placed socially. if male he himself will die. will make Source: http://www. mentally and physically unstable. rich and will attract many women. pure in conduct. Will live to be 70. disciplined mind. Pūrvaphalgunī. limbs and senses. will have great charisma and be very jealous and miserly. attractive. abroad. fond of the activities of Yama. including religious offerings. be agitated and deluded. 11. Will live 80 years. skilful. Jyeṣṭha. Anurādhā. will have wealth and good physical form. fond of giving. will practise religion and be very intelligent. but will not lie. mental health poor. fond of travel and serious religious practices. jealous and miserly. The mother's life will be endangered. religious. will have honour and glory. Eloquent. if he does not die. angry. 12. when up will love. will be religious and practise the seven Bodhisattva virtues. skillful and active in business. good physical form.9 on with. unstable.htm . broad and flexible in nature. loving. 13. Will live to be 35. will live to be 50 or 95. no moral control. Will live 20 or 60 years. good looking and fond of intercourse. 16. will not perform good actions and will be industriously evil. Skilled in song. will earn the living through trade or religion. or. courageous and strong. evil towards mother. enemies to his glory will be overcome. and will be happy.kalacakra. Will live to be 28. dance and music. will be angered through gossip. truthful and religious. crude speech. 14. Hastā. very good to travel abroad. will move often. good eyes. Will live 100 years. 10. very intelligent. Uttaraphalgunī. fond of being generous. if female she will die.org/calendar/kcal. much correct gossip (?). Will live 28 years. good physical form. always fond of lying. eloquent. Will gain wealth and esteem. evil towards father. will be generous in various ways. rich . ugly. will be thirsty and a thief. a wicked and sinful person. rich and moral. 9. respected and rich. wealthy. Viśākhā. unstable and lustful. eloquent. will be somehat stupid. will like travelling and composing. If not dead at nine years or nine months will live to be 95 (55). law abiding. will have many friends and be wealthy. skilled with the hands. will speak the truth without lying. moral. Maghā. Citrā. very lustful. will damage monk's robes and rugs. 15. when down will hate. If not dead before the eight year. If male. disciplined senses. virtuous. 17. honest. Both male and female will be serious. Will have no moral control or compassion. If female. disciplined mind. the cause of death will be poison. is suited for. will wear various clothes and jewels. sharp intellect. skilled at crafts and will be miserly. fond of gossip and clothes and jewelery. famous. Svātī. others will like him and gather around him. at first will be evil but good later in life. skilled in crafts. will not settle in one place.the most wealthy. deluded. soft spoken.
skillful at overcoming enemies. 24. will have clothes. Mūla. fond of practising religion and charity. skilled at song and dance. free from illnesses and strong. Will live to be 25 or 60. charitable. will die stupidly by drowning. flexible nature and broad intellect. will be like this: angry.htm . skilled in medicine. Pūrvāṣhā hā. broad nature. disciplined mind. unrefined intellect. many children and friends. will be energetic and behave independantly. very intelligent. ugly and short lived. with great pride and arrogance will be energetic in evil deeds. Śatabhiṣaj. learned.org/calendar/kcal. and will talk a lot. 22. Śravaṇa (Abhijit). Will live to be 50 or 60. Source: http://www.10 many religious offerings. owner of wealth and grains.kalacakra. skilled in crafts and will have an evil nature. brave. 62. happy/pleasant. 19. will have friends and be skilled in speaking (?). will have sons and riches. brave and tolerant. very intelligent. fond of wars and robbery. will be beautiful. even though a little arrogant. will protect/rule his territory/district and will subdue enemies. skilled in song and dance. stealing and killing. rich. 25. will engage in wordly activities. fond of deception. broad and flexible. with a smart wife. good physical form. lucky. will be rich and enjoy being generous. famous. evil disposition. charitable. Will live to be 35 or. 18. Dhaniṣṭhā. angry with little lust. angry. Will quickly die. if not. free from illnesses and will sleep a lot. will be religious and learned. in general. loving towards the king and beings (?). will be controlled by wife. 20. will attract many friends and be victorious over enemies. Will live to be 60. or 85. and recovers. excellent mind. friends will be generous. 21. 23. will be disciplined and hence attain heaven. will have a good house and will be a farmer. skilful. Pūrvabhādrapāda. fond of travelling and striving. if practise religion. miserly (not charitable). will use these as dharma offering. love for family members. will quickly lose moral control. it will be difficult to raise. Will live to be 95. Will live to be 80. stupid and will harm others. but energetic in evil acts. understanding and compassion. if hot diseases occur. will have wealth and rarely be ill. will have glory and be learned. Uttarāṣā hā. rich and will enjoy being generous. will have morality. will protect religious offerings. skilled. if longer. good mind with flexible. loving towards beings. Will live to be 60 or 62. honest. Uttarabhādrapāda. never lying. very thoughtless. if one is born. open minded. 21. rich. will not perform good deeds. will love friends but will hate others. fond of friends and will have trust in them. fond of composing. they will be difficult to cure. poor but content with his lot. the most skilled of all. Will live to be 100. skilled in crafts and all activities. fond of travel and composing. Abhijit (Śravaṇa). If female. famous. with few desires. always honest without lying. fond of ascetic practices. will not have a son. mind good.
will have keen senses and will be brave. 3. skillful. 7. Difficulties and sorrows. 13. clever in all work. Many wives and children.org/calendar/kcal. Dhruva. fond of women. optimistic. good wife. All-knowing and respected. fond of war. skilful in the use of weapons. excellent disposition. Siddhi. liberal. Viṣkambha. Gaṇ a. If he lives to old age he becomes happy. respected by kings and high personages. enjoying life. Āyuśman. Śobhana. wealthy. Handsome. Gaining all desires. Suffering from pain. Danger to mother. Fond of women. Handsome. will work hard to earn wealth and will enjoy his riches. Sukarma. 10. Prīti.kalacakra. Strong. 12. happy. well-behaved. excellent disposition. will become a carpenter. long-life. courageous and truthful. fond of jewels and intelligent. charitable and enjoying life. Danger to life. constant. Lover of good deeds. poet. 4. 9. 15. Dhṛiti. 0. truthful. hasty in all matters. jolly. 8. Very rich. rich. Source: http://www. educated. Will live to be 28 or 90. Fond of respect. 2. 6. determined. Vyatipāta. strong. 14. 11. selfish. rich. rich. will possess wealth and crops. Harṣaṇa. learned. Saubhāgya. Good reputation. Vajra. Long life. Vyāghatā. big head and small body. 1. sickly. Vṛiddhi. Politician. quarrelsome. Revatī. agreeable to all. courageous. 5. invincible and courteous. 16.htm . good enjoyment. charitable. The Yogas at birth. clever in everything. fond of wisdom and holy sacrifices. many children. rich and religious. good and virtuous. Atigaṇ a. Śūla. well-educated and farseeing. popular. if born about its end will cause destruction to the whole family.11 26. sorrows through females. landed property. will be fond of others.
good wife and happy. Determined. clever in music and dancing. 19. 21. 23. high intelligence.kalacakra. Source: http://www. liberal. Nāga. Clever in preparing medicines. Sādhya. Kaulava. fond of cows. Viṣṭi. rich. Varīyas. commanding respect. travelling in foreign countries in search of rare articles. friendly and obliging. intelligent. poet. Indra. doing good work. 26. learned in the Vedas. Siddha. If born in a royal family. Learned. obliging friends. clever in vicious deeds. Śiva. Vaidhṛiti. Attentive to his interests. Even when poor he becomes rich. determined to do daring and tyrannous deeds. Vālava. respect for holy men. Jolly. good principles. Parigha. Kintughna. contented. Pious. sure to become a king. God fearing. happy spending money. great pleasure when he gains his desires. Catuṣpada. healthy. sweet speech. liberal. Gara. Agreeable. happy good. Exalted above his castemen. veterinary skill. Vaṇija. rich. wise. poet. 20. Fond of pilrimage. obliging. Gaining desires. worshipful. famous. Philosopher. Good enjoyment.org/calendar/kcal. happy and commanding respect among exalted personages. enjoyment. Śakuni. 22. mechanical skill. popular. doctor. educated. short-lived. 24. Strong. wise. happy. fond of others' wives. good cultivation. 18. Good deeds. fond or ornaments. rich. The Karaṇas at birth. various houses.htm . Śubha. sensitive. 25. fond of bad and passionate women. popular. Clever in the use of weapons. Popular. just. Doing evil work. good speaker. Happy. Śukla. Vava. Taitila. Brahma. bold and warlike. clever in every work. Living by trade.12 17.
for example. Most of the information given is in terms of electional astrology – for example. albeit with much less explanation! The second way in which this information is presented is by means of a listing of various activities. together with the auspicious and inauspicious factors for each: good and bad lunar mansions. There are two ways in which the information on electional astrology is given in Tibetan texts. The information given is usually very brief. or not? The same basic symbolism would also be applied to horary astrology. when a person asks a question of an astrologer. This is very similar to the manner in which western astrology is often taught.kalacakra. with the activities described for which each is favourable or unfavourable. the "White Beryl" (bai ūrya dkar po. in the listings given below.org/calendar/kcal. Source: http://www. the "Brihat Samhita" of Varaha Mihira. Clearly. the intention is to build up by means of what is essentially a set of keywords. The Tibetans inherited most of their electional astrology from India. good and bad rising signs. See. The Lunar Mansions and activities. say. lunar day. mentioned above. The nature of the question will usually be related to some activity as defined in the categories for electional astrology. More information will be added to this page at a later date. A selection of these activities is given below. and does not say how this information is to be used.13 Horary and electional astrology of the five components Introduction. and these lists go into surprisingly pedantic detail. However. by sde srid sangs rgyas rgya mtsho) gives no more information than this. both classical and modern texts on Indian systems give almost identical material. a picture of the meaning of each factor: each lunar mansion. but many are surprised to find needlework and the cutting of hair and fingernails in such lists. and the "Treasury of Jewels" (rin po che'i gter mdzod) by Pawo Tsuklag Threngwa. It is understandable that such activities as marriage and moving house would be included. and the modern work "The Nakshatras" by Dennis M. is a particular lunar day favourable for a certain activity. and so forth.htm . First is a listing of. some foods are associatd with the lunar mansions. after some of the most important characteristics of the lunar mansions. The original Tibetan text these are taken from (bai ūrya dkar po. perhaps the most important of all the factors that are considered. and so forth. For example. There is no great distinction made in Tibetan texts between the information given for electional and horary astrology. The following information on the lunar mansions is mainly based on two Tibetan sources. the lunar days or rising signs.
Marriage. 14. sex. Ārdrā. Medical treatment. and other permanent things. 7. Buying a home. Medical treatment. deceit. Travel.kalacakra. Travel. Medical treatment. Installing a deity or building a temple. etc. deceit. Marriage. 12. setting out on a journey. Medical treatment. Mṛigaśiras. etc. Learning astrology or astronomy. 1. Planting and sowing. deceit. setting out on a journey. ornaments. Travel. Buying a home. Planting and sowing. Āśleṣā. Planting and sowing. Studying the Vedas or the Shastras. etc. Coronation. Sex. Travel. setting out on a journey. Svātī. attacks. Marriage. Medical treatment. Surgical treatment. Surgical treatment. Destruction. Learning astrology or astronomy. sowing of seeds. separation of friends. Learning music or dance. Buying a home. Medical treatment. incantations. 6. making friends. Making a will. Marriage. 13. etc. Buying a home. Medical treatment. etc. Maghā. sowing of seeds and other permanent things. ornaments. Uttaraphalgunī. Travel. Citrā. fine arts. Rohiṇī. 10. Learning astrology or astronomy. sex. Buying a home. Punarvasu. 4. sex. Installing a deity or building a temple. Trade. Installing a deity or building a temple. Learning music or dance. Mixed type of work. Learning astrology or astronomy. Planting and sowing. Temporary works. Laying the foundation of a home. Laying the foundation of a home. Coronation. setting out on a journey. 5. Marriage. Installing a deity or building a temple. Bharaṇī. Aśvinī. 3. 9.htm . 8. Planting and sowing. Planting and sowing. 11. murders. Installing a deity or building a temple. etc. Temporary work. Laying the foundation of a home. Planting and sowing. Studying the Vedas or Source: http://www. Planting and sowing. Laying the foundation of a home. Trade. Trade. Attacks. etc. fine arts. marriage. Learning music or dance. Learning music or dance.org/calendar/kcal. fine arts. Installing a deity or building a temple. Learning astrology or astronomy. Marriage. Puṣya.14 Harness. Installing a deity or building a temple. setting out on a journey. 0. 2. Destruction. Hastā. Incantations. Pūrvaphalgunī. Kṛittikā. Laying the foundation of a home. etc. Destruction. Medical treatment. etc.
25. Medical treatment. 20. Learning astrology or astronomy. Medical treatment. Dhaniṣṭhā. Mixed type of work. 17. Incantations. Planting and sowing. etc. Mūla. Temporary works. Marriage. making friends. Buying a home. Learning music or dance. marriage. Laying the foundation of a home. Learning music or dance. Incantations. Śatabhiṣaj. etc. Marriage. sowing of seeds and other permanent things Marriage. 16. Jyeṣṭha. Planting and sowing. ornaments. Medical treatment. setting out on a journey. Travel. deceit. Trade. marriage. Learning astrology or astronomy. 15. Surgical treatment (Tue&Sat). Installing a deity or building a temple. Notice that the categories given here also relate to the activities given in the list above. Studying the Vedas or the Shastras. Uttarāṣā hā. Surgical treatment. Nature of the Lunar mansions. 21. Learning music or dance. Travel. Learning music or dance. Destruction. Travel. setting out on a journey. Planting and sowing. 22. Destruction. etc. Medical treatment. Temporary works. setting out on a journey. Medical treatment. 24. Learning music or dance. The following is a list of keywords associated with the lunar mansions. 19. Coronation. Pūrvabhādrapāda. 23. Installing a deity or building a temple. Laying the foundation of a home. Travel. Learning music or dance. Coronation. fine arts. Śravaṇa. Medical treatment. etc. Laying the foundation of a home. Learning music or dance. Marriage. Travel. the four lunar mansions given in the list above as suitable for trade are categorised in the list below as "unstable". 21. 26. attacks. Buying a home. Buying a home. Sex. 18.htm . Pūrvāṣhā hā. Sex. Planting and sowing. sex. attacks.org/calendar/kcal. For example.15 the Shastras. Revatī.kalacakra. Studying medicine. Viśākhā. deceit. etc. sowing of seeds and other permanent works. Medical treatment. Source: http://www. setting out on a journey. Temporary works. Uttarāṣā hā. etc. Studying medicine. ornaments. Abhijit. setting out on a journey. etc. Anurādhā. making friends.
Mṛigaśiras. Pastry. 18. pollution. good fortune. traveller. 10. Maghā. "nag rtsa". mixed. Balanced. honey. Yoghurt/honey. dreadful. 21. Punarvasu. honey. Quick change. permanent. mild and tender. Quickly good. Quick change. 21. Flour. traveller. Abhijit. water. Uttaraphalgunī. Rice and roasted sesame. rice. pollution. 6. Pūrvāṣhā hā. grain ears. Nepalese dal.16 0. tree fruit? 19. Honey. Svātī. ephemeral. Fruit. Bad. enemies. . 4. Game (wild) meat. Blood. Success in stable aims. Hastā. Viśākhā. Curd. light and swift. Bharaṇī. Fresh butter. accomplishment. Balanced. dreadful. bird meat. Unstable. Bird meat. repetition. Unstable. enemies. permanent. Very stable. Quickly good. pollution. repetition. Sesame. 3. severe. repetition. light and swift. accomplishment. pollution. Ārdrā. rabbit. Jyeṣṭha. Uttarāṣā hā. 16. mild and tender. 5. severe. Very stable. 1. Unstable. Kṛittikā. Rohiṇī.kalacakra. sesame soup. Meat. Sesame soup. ephemeral. severe. 17. 14. Banyan. Bad. 15. Red rice. severe. Pūrvaphalgunī. repetition. permanent. 20. light and swift. 13. 12. Alcohol. Sesame. light and swift. Mūla. Quick change. flowers. Quickly good. 11. small pulses. Success in stable aims. Snake meat. Bad. dreadful. Anurādhā. death. Honey. mild and tender. mixed. Millet. Citrā. Success in stable aims. Indian dal. ephemeral. 7. Source: http://www. rabbit. Bad. good fortune. traveller. Puṣya. Wind. 2. Śravaṇa. good fortune. dreadful. Very stable. enemies. Milk. Āśleṣā. accomplishment. enemies. repetition. 9. Aśvinī.org/calendar/kcal.htm . 8. Success in stable aims. rice soup. Unstable.
Trigram: Kham. Success in stable aims. Bloody mutton. Bad: Weekday: Tuesday. Śatabhiṣaj. Jyeṣṭha. Puṣya. the Chinese material has also been included. good fortune. Dragon. Āśleṣā. Bharaṇī. Sunday. Quick change. 24. This text is the 'bras rtsis bai dkar dgongs don kun phan me long. ephemeral. Svātī. death. Lunar date: 1. Dhaniṣṭhā. Taking a new home. Others will be added later once they have been translated and checked. Revatī. The numbers associated with the activities are those from the original list. Saturday. Goat meat. Punarvasu. 26. and although the purpose here is to cover Indian astrology. Śravaṇa.org/calendar/kcal. Snake (good for Nāgas). Scorpio. Viśākhā. traveller. Solar day: Tiger. Lunar date: 15. Gemini. Leo. Nepali dāl. Quick change.htm . Lunar Mansion: (Protectors:) Mṛigaśiras. Mūla. Ascendant: Cancer. Activities.17 22. Uttarāṣā hā. mouse meat. ephemeral. Good: Weekday: Monday. Sagittarius. Thursday). The original lists give information from both Indian and Chinese astrology together. Dhaniṣṭhā. 8.kalacakra. Lunar Mansion: Maghā. severe. Aquarius. Source: http://www. Horse. Uttarāṣā hā. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Uttarāṣā hā. mild and tender. Uttarāṣā hā. Offerings to deities. Mince. (Wednesday. Pūrvāṣhā hā. 23. Uttarāṣā hā (?). Any that are not mentioned are considered neutral. Indian dāl. All of this information comes from a small (but very legible) text which follows the methods of the "White Beryl". Quickly good. Gin. Uttaraphalgunī. permanent. Dhaniṣṭhā. (General:) Rohiṇī. Revatī. Ascendant: Taurus. Hastā. Anurādhā. Aries. Very stable. Friday. 6. Zin. Solar day: Sheep. Śatabhiṣaj. 25. death. The following is a selection from one of the major lists of activities and their associated astrology – which factors are auspicious and which are not. Kṛittikā. accomplishment.
Revatī. Gemini. Punarvasu. Mṛigaśiras. Monkey. Thursday (not W). Pisces. Lunar Mansion: Bharaṇī. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Ārdrā.kalacakra. Ascendant: Cancer. Hastā. 7.org/calendar/kcal. Jyeṣṭha. Citrā. Leo. Śatabhiṣaj. Saturday. 17. Thursday. 30. Maghā. Virgo. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Hastā. Svātī. Ascendant: Aquarius. Pūrvāṣhā hā. Leo.. Aries. Uttaraphalgunī. Dhaniṣṭhā. Sagittarius. Friday (not S & W). Aquarius. Good: Weekday: Monday (S only). Śravaṇa. 20. Āśleṣā. 14. Uttaraphalgunī. Astrology and divination. Libra. Solar day: Horse. Trigram: Dva (bad E). 19. Friday. Virgo. 22. Uttarāṣā hā. Friday. Lunar date: 3. Tuesday. Āśleṣā. Anurādhā. Lunar Mansion: Kṛittikā. Solar day: Monkey (N & E). Ārdrā. Monday). Uttarāṣā hā. (Sunday. Puṣya. Śravaṇa.18 Good: Weekday: Monday. Puṣya. Wednesday (not NE). Rohiṇī. 12. Source: http://www. Starting a journey. Uttaraphalgunī. Viśākhā. Pisces. Libra. Tuesday. Hastā. Mūla. Uttarāṣā hā. Svātī. Dhaniṣṭhā. Ascendant: Sagittarius. Uttarāṣā hā. Anurādhā. Maghā. Maghā. Lunar Mansion: Aśvinī. Dog. Snake. Scorpio. Pūrvaphalgunī. Taurus. Wednesday. Śravaṇa. Mouse. Pūrvaphalgunī. Mṛigaśiras. Viśākhā. Puṣya. Thursday. Ascendant: Capricorn. Dragon. Mūla. Kṛittikā. Sheep. Saturday. Citrā. Taurus. Bad: Weekday: Saturn. 12. Mṛigaśiras. Uttarāṣā hā. Bird. 25. Solar day: Tiger. Taurus. Lunar date: 10. Good: Weekday: Thursday. 38. Pūrvaphalgunī. Sunday (good for nomads to visit monastery). Revatī. Lunar Mansion: Aśvinī. Punarvasu. Punarvasu.htm . Wednesday. Lunar Mansion: Rohiṇī. 11. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Mūla. 15.
Ascendant: Aries. Bad: Weekday: Tuesday. 30. Thursday. Pisces.org/calendar/kcal. Friday). Mūla. Citrā. Tuesday. Sagittarius. Uttarāṣā hā. Pūrvāṣhā hā. Saturday. 28. Solar day: Horse. Lunar date: 9. 40. Virgo. 5. Good: Weekday: Monday. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Bharaṇī. Puṣya. 4. 21. Kṛittikā. 6. Trigram: Kham. Citrā. Dog. Rohiṇī. Hastā. Ascendant: Scorpio. Maghā. Friday. Taurus. Viśākhā. 27. Good: Weekday: Sunday. Rabbit.kalacakra. Capricorn. Lunar date: 1. 42. Leo. Gemini. Pūrvaphalgunī. 19. Śatabhiṣaj. 8. Source: http://www. Pig. Leo. Saturday. 12. 17. Maghā. Lunar Mansion: Bharaṇī. (Aquarius. Snake. Sheep. Jyeṣṭha. Citrā. Abhijit. Ascendant: Libra. Mouse.19 Bad: Weekday: Tuesday. Pisces. Marriage. Solar day: Mouse (bad for divination). Lunar Mansion: Kṛittikā. Capricorn. 15. 15. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Lunar Mansion: Mṛigaśiras. Revatī. Ascendant: Taurus. Scorpio. (Wednesday. Virgo). Trigram: Li. Ārdrā. Aśvinī. 19. Horse. Cancer. 3. Ārdrā. Pūrvaphalgunī. 29. Ox. Anurādhā. Sagittarius. Uttarāṣā hā. Solar day: Bird. Lunar Mansion: Bharaṇī. Aries. Uttarāṣā hā. Punarvasu. Jyeṣṭha. Mṛigaśiras. Ascendant: Others. Lunar Mansion: (Svātī). Monday. Uttarāṣā hā. Ox. Rabbit. 8. Āśleṣā. Libra. Solar day: Tiger. Thursday. Making weapons such as arrows and lances. Dhaniṣṭhā. 30. Dragon. Āśleṣā. Uttaraphalgunī.htm . Mūla. Pūrvāṣhā hā. Wednesday. Viśākhā. Śravaṇa. Mouse. Bird. Hastā. Solar day: Monkey. 7.
Solar day: Sheep. Dhaniṣṭhā. Mind. Punarvasu. 12. Dog. 30. Virgo. Funereal activities. 17. 27.htm . 15. Lunar Mansion: Āśleṣā. Dog. Destructive activity. (Pūrvabhādrapāda). Uttarāṣā hā. 15. Libra. Viśākhā. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Thursday. 45. Uttarāṣā hā. Uttaraphalgunī. Svātī (bad for entombment). 19.kalacakra. Monday. Jyeṣṭha. Pūrvaphalgunī. Śatabhiṣaj. Capricorn. Ārdrā. 5. Tuesday. Li. Scorpio. Svātī. 25. Lunar date: 1. Pūrvaphalgunī. Revatī. 18. 19. Ārdrā. Khon Earth-lords also need to be considered. Śatabhiṣaj. Uttarāṣā hā (bad for cremation & burial). Rabbit. Good: Weekday: Wednesday. Lunar Mansion: Aśvinī. Puṣya. temples. Abhijit. 28. Śravaṇa. Saturday. Anurādhā. Cancer. Āśleṣā (bad for transporting the body). 10. Punarvasu. Jyeṣṭha. Lunar Mansion: Rohiṇī. Mūla (bad for entombment). Pisces. Anurādhā (good for repairing stups). 46. Kṛittikā. Lunar date: 20. Mūla. 1. Tuesday. 27. Ox. Tiger. Saturday. Snake (bad for displaying? the wood). Dragon. Many earth-lords and other factors should also be considered. Kṛittikā. Source: http://www. Leo. 21. 22. Ascendant: Aries. Ascendant: Taurus. Viśākhā. Good: Weekday: Wednesday. Bird (bad for virtuous acts). Mṛigaśiras. Thursday. Monday. Puṣya. 61. Mṛigaśiras. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Pūrvāṣhā hā.20 Many earth-lords also bad. Monkey. Waxing and such times are good. Sagittarius. Citrā. Bharaṇī. Friday. Solar day: Dragon (bad for recitations over the corpse?). Speech. Lunar Mansion: Rohiṇī. 29. Hastā. 23. Setting up supports of Body. Trigram: Dva (bad fro cremation). Bharaṇī. Capricorn. Gemini.org/calendar/kcal. 8. Lunar date: 7. Citrā. Śravaṇa. 13. Friday. Hastā. Maghā. 20. Solar day: Tiger. Lunar date: 10. 9. Pig (bad for entombment). etc. 29. Dhaniṣṭhā.
Pisces. 63. Dog. Aśvinī. 4. Lunar Mansion: Rohiṇī. Thursday). 21. Source: http://www. Uttaraphalgunī. 23. Wednesday. Lunar Mansion: Jyeṣṭha. Bad: Weekday: Monday. Dhaniṣṭhā. Viśākhā. Ascendant: Libra. Lunar date: 4. (Cancer). Friday. Trigram: Zon. Good: Weekday: Friday. Śatabhiṣaj. 14. Anurādhā. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Lunar Mansion: Mṛigaśiras. 5. Sagittarius. Revatī. Uttarāṣā hā. Bharaṇī. Scorpio. Maghā. Thursday). Lunar Mansion: Pūrvabhādrapāda. Svātī. 18. Pacifying activity. Tuesday. Āśleṣā. Mṛigaśiras. Monday. 19. Bad: Weekday: Monday. Leo. Dragon. Śravaṇa. 28. Solar day: Snake. Black years months and days are good. Abhijit. Śravaṇa. Thursday. 26. Zin-phung and Vishti. Uttarāṣā hā. Lunar date: 1. Taurus. 12. rest bad). Puṣya. Sunday. Hastā. Kṛittikā. Svātī. (Sunday. Wednesday. Avoid days when Za-geu searches for food. Solar day: Tiger. Virgo. Kṛittikā. Aśvinī. Āśleṣā. Mṛigaśiras. Ārdrā. Rabbit. Viśākhā. 9. Aries. Punarvasu.kalacakra. Lunar date: 15. 62. (Friday. Capricorn.21 Good: Weekday: Tuesday. Pūrvaphalgunī. Solar day: Pig. Jyeṣṭha. Controlling activity. 30. 29. (these merely acceptable:) Anurādhā. Uttaraphalgunī. 25. Aquarius (these are middle. 16. Uttarāṣā hā. 3. Bharaṇī. Good: Weekday: Wednesday. Ascendant: Leo. Ārdrā. Saturday. Ascendant: Sagittarius. Hastā. Ascendant: Taurus. 11. Puṣya. Citrā. 8. Pūrvāṣhā hā. 15. Aśvinī. Saturday. Libra. 7.org/calendar/kcal. Pūrvāṣhā hā. Abhijit. Mūla. Lunar Mansion: Punarvasu. Maghā. 22. Hastā. Sheep.htm . Uttarāṣā hā. Mūla. Uttaraphalgunī. Revatī. Also the demons Rahu.
Aśvinī. Ascendant: Gemini. Mūla. Jyeṣṭha. Rohiṇī. . Svātī. Viśākhā. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Solar day: Dragon. Saturday. Ascendant: Gemini. Pūrvaphalgunī. 6. Anurādhā. 13. Puṣya. Pūrvāṣhā hā. . Thursday). Pūrvabhādrapāda. Śravaṇa. Virgo. Monday. Scorpio. Śatabhiṣaj. Bad: Weekday: Saturday. (Sunday. Lunar Mansion: Jyeṣṭha. Accomplishing health and wealth. Mṛigaśiras. 17. Aquarius. 27. Lunar date: Apart from 9. waxing all good. Solar day: Sheep. Monkey. Taurus. Lunar Mansion: Punarvasu. Cancer. Ascendant: Aries. Tuesday. month and days. Bird. Pūrvabhādrapāda. Citrā. (Monday. Pūrvāṣhā hā. waning bad. Bad: Weekday: Sunday. Tuesday. 6. 7. Uttarāṣā hā. 20. Svātī. All others are bad. 65. Maghā. Maghā. Citrā. Anurādhā. Cancer. Lunar date: 2. Virgo. Śravaṇa. Sagittarius. Pūrvāṣhā hā. Trigram: Gin. Pūrvaphalgunī. (These neutral:) Kṛittikā. Uttaraphalgunī. Uttarāṣā hā. Good: Weekday: Saturday. Mūla. Friday. Bharaṇī. Āśleṣā. 64. Puṣya. Dhaniṣṭhā.htm . (Leo. Abhijit. Gemini. Mouse. Thursday. Ascendant: Others should be avoided. Hastā. Pisces. Wednesday. Good: Weekday: Wednesday. 3. Rohiṇī. Āśleṣā.org/calendar/kcal. Taurus. Black years. Sagittarius. Capricorn.kalacakra. Bharaṇī. Revatī. Lunar Mansion: Aśvinī. Abhijit. Tuesday.22 Ascendant: Aquarius. Increasing activity. Lunar Mansion: Punarvasu. 10. Lunar Mansion: (These acceptable:) Mṛigaśiras. Ārdrā. Ārdrā. Taurus). Śravaṇa. Friday). Leo.000 - Source: http://www.