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FLOTTWEG DECANTERS

for municipal waste and industrial water treatment

Clean water is an indispensable resource efficient wastewater treatment is a basic requirement

Modern and effective waste water treatment is determined by high cleaning capacity: the higher this capacity, the higher the quantity of sewage sludge which has to be thickened and/or dewatered for further processing.

In order to meet the requirements of different kinds of wastewater sludge as well as increasingly stricter legal regulations, a variety of cleaning processes have been developed.

In all processes sewage sludge is generated which has to be dewatered whether it goes to agriculture, incineration or landfills.

discharge wastewater influent aeration tank primary treatment secondary clarification

digested sludge (26 % ds)

digestion thickening dewatering

surplus (waste) sludge (0.51.0 % ds)

FLOTTWEG OSEDECANTER

(48 % ds)

FLOTTWEG HTSDECANTER
solids (2535 % ds)

Typical wastewater treatment plant: mechanical and biological treatment

Decanters for sewage sludge processing


Decanter centrifuges are used for the thickening and dewatering of a variety of sludges at different stages of wastewater and water treatment. Sludge dewatered in a decanter centrifuge is typically suitable for reuse or disposal, whether for agriculture, incineration or landfilling.

FLOTTWEG DECANTERS adaptable to any waste water treatment process

Depending on the size of a sewage plant as well as on the origin of the sludge, different processes for waste water treatment are applied. As a

consequence, the diverse kinds of sludge generated differ in their physical and chemical characteristics and thus in their dewatering behavior.

Due to decades of experience and consequent development FLOTTWEG DECANTERS provide the optimum dewatering result for any kind of sludge.

1. biological reactor
influent

2. biological reactor
influent

3. clarification
influent

permeate waste water

bioreactor

4. clarification
retentate
effluent

membrane reactor

FLOTTWEG HTS-DECANTER
surplus sludge (0,81,5 % ds) dewatering solids (typ. 2025 % ds)

FLOTTWEG DECANTER

solids (2025 % ds)

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR)

Aeration plant with membrane reactor

Sequence Batch Reactor (SBR)


Biological treatment takes place in several sequential stages. Sludge from static postclarification is dewatered using a decanter. Cake dryness in the dewatered sludge normally ranges between 20 and 25 % ds.

Aeration plant with oxidation ditch


Biological treatment takes place in an oxidation ditch. Sludge from the static post-clarification is dewatered using a decanter. Cake dryness in the dewatered sludge normally ranges between 20 and 30 % ds.

Aeration plant with membrane reactor


Membrane reactors are used after biological treatment if the water coming from the sewage plant has to be particularly clean, e.g. if it has to meet the requirements for bath water quality. This water can be reused

directly as process water or for irrigation. Sludge from the membrane reactor is directly dewatered using a decanter. Cake dryness in the dewatered sludge normally ranges between 20 and 25 % ds.

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FLOTTWEG OSE-DECANTERS for the thickening of sewage sludge

Surplus sludge is thickened from around 0.5 1 % dry substance to an adjustable 5 8 % dry substance, thereby reducing its volume by approximately 90 95 %. This significantly supports the ensuing digesting process; the digester's capacity can be used more efficiently. An optimized digesting process results in cost reduction and in an improvement of sludge quality.

Instead of pure surplus sludge, it is also possible to process mixed or primary sludge.

As a rule, the additional use of polymer flocculating aids is not necessary.

Based on many years of experience, the FLOTTWEG OSEDECANTER (OSE = Optimum Sludge Thickening) was developed specifically for sludge thickening. Its outstanding qualities are high economic effectiveness, high reliability, and minimum maintenance cost.

FLOTTWEG OSE-DECANTERS are available for flow rates ranging from around 20 to 250 m3/h (90 to 1100 gpm) per decanter.

FLOTTWEG OSE-DECANTERS advantages in comparison to other thickening processes


Compact design, small footprint, yet high flow rates Closed design that prevents odor emission. Easy to operate and control through continuous and automatic operation. 24-hour operation without monitoring. Limited or no polymer demand, thereby reducing operation costs and supporting the ensuing digesting process. Low specific energy consumption. All product wetted parts are made of high quality stainless steel. Wear protection results in lowmaintenance and long life. Easy cleaning by flushing

FLOTTWEG HTS-DECANTERS for the dewatering of sewage sludge

In order to ensure cost-effectiveness, the dewatered sludge has to be as dry as possible for further processing no matter if the dewatered sludge is transported, reused, disposed of in landfills or incinerated.

The FLOTTWEG HTS-DECANTER (HTS = High

for high-efficient dewatering of sewage sludge. The FLOTTWEG HTSDECANTER can handle sludge flow rates from 5 to 150 m3/h (45 to 660 gpm).

Dry Substance) is the consequent step in development of FLOTTWEG's SCHNELLDEKANTER from the 1970s. It was developed especially

FLOTTWEG HTS-DECANTERS advantages in comparison to other dewatering aggregates


Rotor with extra long, cylindrical clarifying zone and optimized cone angle provides very high separation efficiency. Scroll with specially shaped feed zone, clarifying zone, and pressing zone in the conical part provides outstanding results in dewatering. High bowl speed and resulting high centrifugal force allow for flexibility in order to achieve good dewatering results despite often poor sludge quality. Compared to conventional decanter centrifuges, the dewatered sludge is up to 10 % drier with minimal polymer consumption. Cake dryness generally equals the one achieved in filter presses with polymer conditioning and often even exceeds it. Nearly constant cake dryness of the dewatered sludge, even with varying feed concentration and rates. 24-hour automatic operation possible Small footprint through high compactness and high flow rates.

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Assembly and function of FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS-DECANTERS

Scroll
The scroll rotates at a low differential speed relative to the bowl and conveys the deposited solids toward the conical end of the bowl. In order to achieve high cake dryness, an appropriate scroll design is critical. Special constructive measures have been taken to cause a compression effect in the conical part of the

FLOTTWEG HTS DECANTERS. The best separation results are achieved when the solids have a maximum resident time in the bowl which is achieved by extremely low diffential speed of the scroll. The finely adjustable scroll gear named SIMP-DRIVE ,

Feed
Sewage sludge enters the feed zone of the scroll through a central feed pipe. The sludge is then accelerated circumferentially and delivered through distribution ports into the bowl.

with its powerful torque, allows for handling a high solids load necessary for high dewatering (HTS).

FLOTTWEG DECANTER Z6E-4

Bowl
The bowl has a cylindrical/ conical shape and rotates at a preset speed optimized for each individual job. Inside the bowl, the sewage sludge reaches full circumferential speed and forms a concentric layer at the bowl wall. Under centrifugal force, the solids contained in the sewage sludge settle on the inside wall of the bowl.

Dosage of Polymer Flocculant Aids


Flocculant polymers (polyelectrolyte) are used in sludge dewatering and at times in sludge thickening, in order to enhance drainage capacity and a clarifying effect.

The flocculant polymers enter via a mixing pipe and are thoroughly mixed with the sludge in the feed zone to make sure sludge flaking does not occur before entering the separation zone. This results in an optimized use of polymer.

Rotor Bearing
A special bearing design which meets the requirements of high-speed centrifuges results in high availability and long lifetime. According to type and application, the bearings have grease or air - oil droplet lubrication.

Overflow Weir
The clarified liquids flow to the cylindrical end of the bowl where they exit over weir plates. Easily adjustable precision weir plates allow for the precise adjustment of the pond depth in the bowl. Overflow is then collected in a centrate chamber and discharged by gravity.

Solids Discharge
The solids are ejected with the defined cake dryness through ports at the conical end of the bowl into the solids housing and fall through the discharge chute.

feed inlet

solids discharge

discharge by gravity

Liquid-solid separation FLOTTWEG DECANTER with gravity overflow

Materials of Construction
For all product wetted parts, FLOTTWEG exclusively uses high-quality, corrosion- and acid-proof stainless steel. The bowl is made of high tensile strength duplex centrifugal casting, the scroll is of stainless steel centrifugal casting.

Wear Protection
All FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS DECANTERS have comprehensive protection against erosion. The scroll flights are hard-faced with tungsten carbide or tiles (optional). All feed and discharge ports are protected by

bushes made of different types of hard metal, such as hard cast or silicon carbide ceramics which can be replaced on site. Other areas exposed to wear, such as bowl wall, feed zone, housing, etc., also feature highly efficient wear protection.

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FLOTTWEG SIMP-DRIVE
The FLOTTWEG SIMP-DRIVE controls the differential speed in relation to the scroll torque. Therefore the decanter adapts itself to varying load conditions and dewaters the sludge in

order to reach maximum cake dryness. At the heart of it is a multi-stage planetary gear, the SIMP-DRIVE, with special coupling, which allows for entirely independent drives capability of the bowl and the scroll.

You benefit from


Low specific power consumption due to:
High efficiency Completely motoric drive system

High availability:
No over-dimensioned drive motors No energy linkage via circuit coupling Standard frequency inverters and electric motors applicable

High cake dryness:


Uniform drive Constant torque

FLOTTWEG SYSTEMS
FLOTTWEG provides complete process lines on demand. Due to many years of experience in the layout and manufacturing of thickening and dewatering systems, FLOTTWEG is able to offer customized optimum

solutions. Our own production of control units and systems allows for quick and competent handling of orders. FLOTTWEG SYSTEMS are available as permanent, mobile, and semi-mobile units (Plug and Play).

Noise Protection
All FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS-DECANTERS include a noise protection cover as a standard. Sound pressure varies, depending on operating conditions, between 75 and 85 dB(A).

FLOTTWEG DECANTER Z4E-4

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Technical Data

FLOTTWEG OSE-DECANTERS for thickening

FLOTTWEG DECANTER Z92-4

Type Materials of construction Dimensions L W H Gross weight*

C3E-4

Z4E-4

Z5E-4

Z6E-4

Z73-4

Z92-4

All product wetted parts are made of high grade stainless steel such as 1.4463 (Duplex), 1.4571 (AISI 316 Ti), etc.

2 980 mm (118") 3 500 mm (138") 4 200 mm (165") 4 800 mm (190") 4 815 mm (190") 5 740 mm (226") 940 mm (37") 1 000 mm (40") 1 600 mm (63") 1 705 mm (68") 2 350 mm (93") 2 780 mm (110") 900 mm (35") 1 200 mm (48") 1 150 mm (45") 1 500 mm (60") 1 500 mm (60") 1 730 mm (68") 1 700 kg 3 800 lb 18,5 kW 25 hp 4 kW 5 hp 3 000 kg 6 700 lb 22 30 kW 30 40 hp 4 kW 5 hp 6 200 kg 13,700 lb 45 75 kW 60 102 hp 5,5 kW 7,5 hp 9 230 kg 20,500 lb 55 90 kW 75 122 hp 5,5 kW 7,5 hp 11,000 kg 24,500 lb 75 110 kW 102 150 hp 5,5 kW 7,5 hp 16,200 kg 36,000 lb 110 200 kW 150 272 hp 7,5 kW 10 hp

Motor for bowl drive Motor for scroll drive (FLOTTWEG SIMP-DRIVE) Feed capacity

15 30 m3/h 60 120 gpm

20 40 m3/h 90 180 gpm

35 70 m3/h 150 300 gpm

50 90 m3/h 200 400 gpm

80 130 m3/h 350 600 gpm

120 250 m3/h 500 1000 gpm

* The listed figures are guidelines for information only. Actual capacity depends on the characteristics of the feed.

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FLOTTWEG HTS-DECANTERS for dewatering

FLOTTWEG DECANTER C3E-4

Type Materials of construction Dimensions L W H Gross weight*

C3E-4

Z4E-4

Z5E-4

Z6E-4

Z73-4

Z92-4

All product wetted parts are made of high grade stainless steel such as 1.4463 (Duplex), 1.4571 (AISI 316 Ti), etc.

2 980 mm (118") 940 mm (37") 900 mm (35") 1 700 kg 3 800 lb 18,5 kW 25 hp 4 kW 5 hp

3 500 mm (138") 1 000 mm (40") 1 200 mm (48") 3 000 kg 6 700 lb 22 37 kW 30 50 hp 7,5 kW 10 hp

4 200 mm (165") 1 600 mm (63") 1 150 mm (45") 6 200 kg 13,700 lb 45 90 kW 61 122 hp 7,5 15 kW 10 20 hp

4 800 mm (190") 1 705 mm (68") 1 500 mm (60") 9 230 kg 20,500 lb 75 110 kW 102 150 hp 15 22 kW 20 30 hp

4 815 mm (190") 2 350 mm (93") 1 500 mm (60") 11,000 kg 24,500 lb 90 132 kW 122 180 hp 22 30 kW 30 40 hp

5 740 mm (226") 2 780 mm (110") 1 730 mm (68") 16,200 kg 36,000 lb 160 250 kW 218 340 hp 30 45 kW 40 61 hp

Motor for bowl drive Motor for scroll drive (FLOTTWEG SIMP-DRIVE) Feed capacity

5 20 m3/h 20 80 gpm

15 30 m3/h 60 120 gpm

25 50 m3/h 100 200 gpm

40 70 m3/h 160 280 gpm

50 110 m3/h 200 440 gpm

80 150 m3/h 320 600 gpm

* The listed figures are guidelines for information only. Actual capacity depends on the characteristics of the feed.

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FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS-DECANTERS for thickening and dewatering of sewage sludge
Robust design
FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS DECANTERS are designed

ISO certification
FLOTTWEG is ISO 9001 certified and manufactures all products in compliance with all current technical standards.

References
FLOTTWEG OSE and HTS DECANTERS are operating reliably in many municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants around the world, in big

to meet the requirements for sewage sludge processing. They stand out for: long lifetime high availability low maintenance downtime

FLOTTWEG products are designed and manufactured in GERMANY!

cities such as Hamburg, Berlin, Baltimore, Rome, Athens, Los Angeles, Sydney, and others, but also in small towns with mobile waste management and industrial

Service
FLOTTWEG DECANTERS are designed and manufactured for ease of operation and maintenance: minimum lubrication of bearings (grease or oil-air) outside-mounted gearbox interchangeable rotors on-site interchangeable wear parts All these features result in our machines' unique availability at minimum maintenance cost and downtime.

companies, such as dairies, tanneries, breweries, paper mills, and refineries.

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Representative:

PR 0004 L 10 4 05 / 09