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VISHWANATH PRATAP SINGH CENTRAL LIBRARY GURU GHASIDAS VISHWVIDYALAYA, BILASPUR Email ID firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT The article explores the changing role of Librarianship in 21 st century. Since the libraries are largely using computer and related technologies, there should be a corresponding change in the information technology skills and knowledge of library and library professionals. The different thoughts about the changing role and importance of Librarianship are also discussed. Keyword: Library; Library Service; Archivist; EResource; OPAC; ETD; ICT Introduction Librarianship is the art of organizing information sources in various forms. But the use of that information sources and disseminate it to the right patron at the right time in the right way requires an extra skill, which is an art by itself. This art can be best described as Librarianship. 21st century librarianship includes 21st century libraries and 21st century librarians. A 21st century library result forms a completely new mindset, a new perspective in stark contrast with the traditional 19th and 20th century libraries of India. It stems from a new focus on patroncentered librarianship. Thus to become an excellent librarian in the 21 st century, the librarian has to play a dynamic role to satisfy the varied information requirement of the society. Changing Role of Libraries in 21st Century
Since the 1980s each new step in library automation has change library services, In hindsight we can see a number of trends, among them access from multiple locations, making more resources available, making information available in rawer forms, and a diminishment in the role of intermediaries, These trends have been enabled by technological developments in the areas of networking, file storage, and more graphic user interfaces. The applications of ICT (Information Communication and Technology) in the libraries and information centre have able to provide new services to the users in the 21st century Collection Development Library as Publisher Bibliographic Services Database Services EResources ETD (Electronic Thesis and Dissertation) Translation Services Current Awareness Services Security System Online Access of Institution’s Research Publications Frequently Ask Questions and Ask a Librarian OPAC (Online Public Access Catalogue) Document Delivery Services by Post to Electronically Resource Sharing
Changing Role of Librarians in 21st Century: Today the librarian plays a significant role in information handling and information transfer. The role of librarian as an information officer changes with the change in the needs of society of the users. One primary role of librarians is to provide leadership and expertise in the design, development, and ethical management of knowledgebased information systems in order to meet the information needs and obligations of the patron. Some importance role of librarians such as: Librarian as Facilitator Librarian as Information Educator Librarian as Information Analyst Librarian as Information manager Librarian as Information Researcher Librarian as Information Scientist Librarian as EndUser Trainer Librarian as Web site Builder/Manager Librarian as Interface Designer
Librarian as Policy Maker Librarian as Archivist Skills, knowledge, competencies required for LIS Professionals Librarians and information professional involved in information gathering, storage, retrieval and dissemination on one hand and on the other hand the computer specialists who supports the library and informational professionals in this endeavor. For successful implementation of the Library in 21st century, it is essential that LIS professionals are well trained and possess requisite knowledge and skills in this respect. I) Knowledge & Skills The ability to recognize a need for information The ability to distinguish ways in which the information ‘gap’ may be addressed. Knowledge of appropriate kinds of resources, both print and nonprint. Selection of resources with ‘best fit’ for task at hand. The ability to understand the issues affecting accessibility of sources. The ability to construct strategies for locating information. The ability to compare and evaluate information obtained from different sources. The ability to organize, apply and communicate information.
II) Technical Knowledge required: Operating systems Windows, UNIX, LINUX. World processing, Graphics, Spread sheet & Presentations. Database Management Systems including the skills in Bibliographic Database Management Systems. General purpose programming, Networking Web page Development and Content Management Library software packages, acquaintances with Digital Library Tools. Electronic Presentation Skills Computer Network Knowledge Installing Computer Software onto a Computer System Videoconferencing skills ComputerRelated Storage Devices (Knowledge: disks, CDs, USB drives, zip disks, DVDs, etc.) Educational Copyright Knowledge Computer Security Knowledge III) Competencies that required possessing in LIS professional:
Acceptance of change. Knowledge of user interaction with knowledge resources. Be adoptive, flexible and resistant. Be resourceful Posses excellent communication skills, constantly update personal knowledge base by keeping in touch with the latest development Create awareness among the users, make them accept the changes Be an information management strategist, etc.
Importance of Libraries and Librarians in 21st Century
Importance S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Librarians To provide intellectual access to Libraries aren't just books information in any format To provide an active service for Not everyone can afford books maximum use of information with minimum cost and time Old books are valuable To provide information in organize way To provide right information to right Digital libraries are not the internet seeker at right time To designing instructional program for The internet isn’t free information access He is intermediates between the user and Not everything is available on the the information resources that are internet potentially available Physical libraries can adapt to To selecting, organizing and preserving cultural change information in all format Library attendance isn't falling – it's To make unuser as user just more virtual now
Future of the Libraries In India many libraries are making use of computer for automating their operations and services. New technological developments in the form of computers,
telecommunications, electronics, reprography and micrography have been adopted in libraries bringing new concept to library systems. It could be possible on account of libraries being receptive to new technological developments. Computer and telecommunication developments have been more responsible for bringing drastic changes in libraries as compared to other technologies. Initially, libraries concentrated on using computer in routine activities. After realizing users need and usefulness of new technology in effective information communication libraries have started exploiting computers in handling huge information resources. It is very difficult to predict whether printonpaper media will survive or die? Whether ideal ‘paperless libraries’ will take over conventional print on paper libraries. It is difficult to say at this moment that all printed matter will be transformed to electronic media or not. But one thing is sure that like petrol or coal and other minerals, raw material used to manufacture paper i.e. ‘wood’ will exhaust one day and no more paper will be manufactured. A time may come when man has to rely on some other alternate media. It may be an ‘electronic’ or it may be an altogether new media. About the future of the library Lancaster has said. ‘’ It is quite obvious that the Library of the future cannot be looked at in isolation. It can only be considered within the context of social change in general and, more particularly, of change within those segments of society with which the library is inextricably entwined with the future of the publishing industry. Development of microelectronics made it possible to build a miniaturized, very small unit, called ‘microchip’. The ‘chip’ is an electronic circuitry, where circuit is printed with thin film technology. ‘Chip’ has capacity to record information and data with high density, which has resulted in reducing bulk of paper and also the size of all types of computers. They are not only highly capable but surprisingly cheap. It is estimated that by 1990 computer’s upper logic speed will have increased 10,000 times over that of 1979, while its logic cost will have been cut 400 times and its memory costs reduced by 400 times. The time will come when persons will move with the whole required information, i.e. books, journals, articles, reports, handbooks, data books, encyclopedias and other information material stored in the form of microchip in the pocket and the desired information would be retrieved through personal or home computers or connect them with other equipment whenever required. The Libraries and Librarians will have to change themselves and develop proper attitude towards this new development and actively participate in emerging electronic evolution. In this fast developing information technology era, future of the library is uncertain, as the specialists in the related fields estimate that many more far reaching technological innovations are yet to come Conclusion:
There are many, highly valued, roles that libraries can fill in the 21 st century, but the most powerful will be the ‘community information intermediary’, a body that understands and has empathy with its community of users, has deep understanding of the information universe and its organization, and actively develops and promotes the mechanisms that link the two together, But, while this paper has attempted to demonstrate the commonality that underpins all libraries, and to elucidate the complex technologyrich world in which they must now operate, it has not demonstrated that there is any inevitability about these roles, The ability to see possibilities, and even to point to exemplars, does not mean that libraries will of necessity occupy a central place in future society. That place has to be earned. It is librarians who must earn it.
References: 1. Brophy, Peter; the library in the twentyfirst century: new services for the information age; p; 181184 2. Bavakutty, M; Future Librarianship in knowledge society; p; 95331. 3. Ojha,D.C.; Advances in Library & Information Science Vol.1: Computer application. 2nd ed. P; 2326. 4. Buckland, Michael (1992). Redesigning Library Services, A Manifesto. Chicago, ALA. 5. Brophy, Peter (2001). The Library in the 21st Century, New Services in the information Age. London, Lib. Assoc. Pub. 6. Schwartz, C A. (Ed). 1997. Restructuring Academic Libraries, Organizational Development in the Wake of Technological Change. Chicago, ACRL. 7. National Assessment and Accreditation Council. (2006). Library and Information Services: Case Study 8. Gorman, Michael. (2000). Our Enduring Values: Librarianship in the 21st Century. Chicago, ALA