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UNIT 6 GRAMMAR WORKSHEET We can use different ways to express future actions in English.

The choice depends on the situation. Form Future Simple with will + base form Meaning/use 1. decisions made at the moment of speaking 2. predictions, often with I believe, hope, expect, think, etc. 3. offers or willingness Example OK, Ill see you this evening at eight. Ill have tea, please. I think it will be a difficult game. Ill give you a lift if you like. All right. Ill water the plants. 4. requests 5. firm intentions, promises 6. threats 7. facts about the future be going to + base 1. intentions, plans form Will you do me a favour? Ill love you forever. I wont speak to you ever again! Christmas day will fall on Tuesday this year. I am going to phone him tomorrow.

2. prediction in the immediate Look at these clouds! Its going to rain. future because of the evidence in present That building is going to collapse soon.

shall + base form

1. suggestions 2. offers (with I or we) 3. asking for advice

Shall we go for a walk? Shall I help you with those bags What shall I say if she calls? Well be waiting outside the station. Ill be going by bus as usual. Im having my hair cut today.

Future Continuous will be + -ing

1. activities planned to a future time 2. arrangements, routines

Present Continuous am/are/is + -ing

arrangements, often with tonight, at eight, this weekend, etc.

be + to-infinitive

official arrangements, especially when announced

The President is to visit Brussels next week.

Present Simple

firm plans or timetables, especially after when, as soon as, until, etc.

The boat leaves the island on Friday. Ill phone you as soon as I arrive.

would + base form

reporting predictions in the past, often with I believed, hoped, etc.

I thought it would be a difficult game.

We often use Present Continuous to talk about the near future rather than the distant future: Im taking the children to the cinema this evening. Im getting up at 6.30 tomorrow. We can use be going to for more distant events: We are going to sail round the world next year. Present Continuous is also possible: We are sailing round the world next year. Note that Present Simple always suggests a fixed timetable. Present Continuous can suggest the possibility of change: The sun rises at six tomorrow. Im seeing him at six. The train leaves at eight. But: My train is leaving in 20 minutes. (If there is no delay) Future Continuous often refers to a routine or to things which will happen in the normal course of events. It emphasizes that no other arrangement is necessary: I can give you a lift to the station. Its no trouble to me Ill be going that way anyway. We also use it to ask about someones plan or arrangement: Will you be using the library this afternoon? In the Future Continuous, the activity has already been decided: This time tomorrow Ill be lying on the beach. We use the Future Perfect to talk about something that will finish by some time in the future: Rosie says she will have finished her work by Saturday. (maybe earlier, but not later than Saturday) I. Complete these sentences using be going to, will, Present Continuous or Present Simple. Use the verbs in brackets : 1. Look that car over there _____ (crash). 2. I cant come tonight because I ______ (stay in) to watch TV. 3. The Prime Minister ______ (visit) Paris tomorrow. 4. The match ____ (start) at 3pm as always. 5. Dont worry about the car; I ____ (phone) for a taxi. 6. Nina often ____ (visit) her parents. 7. I ____ (be) rich one day! 8. According to my diary, we ____ (meet) at 2pm tomorrow. 8. I think we ____ (win) the European Cup next year. 10. The National Theatre ____ (celebrate) its thirtieth anniversary soon.

II. Put the verb in brackets into the most suitable form of the future: 1. What ___ you ___ this evening? (do) - Nothing. Well, ___ we ___ to that new pizzeria? (go) 2. In 2010 the Olympic Games ___ in Sochi. (take place) 3. Which show do you want to go to? the film ___ at nine and eleven. (start) 4. I ___ work at five so shall we meet at a quarter past? (finish) 5. Seven oclock isnt possible as I ___ something else then. 6. This lesson is boring. When ___it ___ to ___ ? (finish)

III. Put each verb in brackets into a suitable future form. a) I can't see you on Thursday afternoon. I (visit) ... am visiting our Birmingham branch. b) George (not be) back until six. Can I take a message? c) What.. (you buy) with the money you won in the lottery? d) I don't think you. (have) any problems at the airport. e) ..(you take) your dog with you to Scotland? f) All the hotels are full. Where .(we spend) the night? g) You'd better not come in July. My mother (stay) with me then. h) What time (your plane leave) ? IV. Put each verb in brackets into a suitable future form. a) By the time we reach home, the rain (stop) ...will have stopped b) This time next week I ..(lie) on the beach in Spain. c) In ten years' time I. (work) for a different company. d) If we don't get there by 6.00, Jack.. (leave). e) In July they ..(be married) for twenty years. f) In the year 2500 a lot of people (live) on the Moon. g) When you get to the station, I (wait) for you outside. h) Don't worry! The plane (land) in a moment. i) By the time you come home, I .(finish) the decorating. j) Come round between eight and nine. We .(watch) the match on television then. V. Complete these pairs of sentences using the Future Simple, the Future Continuous or the Future Perfect. Use the verb given in brackets. 1 a ................part in our play? You're a really good actor, we need you! (take) b I know you're a keen member of the drama group. I suppose you .......... part in the play this year. (take) 2 a I ................ in London next year, still doing the same old job. (be) b I ................ in London for ten years by next June. (be) 3 a By Friday, I............... this new book by Marquez. (finish) b If I don't have too much work this year, I think I ............all of Marquez's novels. (finish) 4 a This time tomorrow, Maria ..............on a beach in Majorca. (sunbathe) b I expect she .............. until she gets badly burnt - that's what she did last year. (sunbathe) 5 a Don't make too much noise after midnight - I ............. soundly, I hope. (sleep) b Wake me up by nine o'clock - I ................................... long enough by then. (sleep) 6 a We ............... Australia later this summer. It's a long flight. (fly) b It's strange that when we get to Sydney, we ...........halfway round the world. (fly) 7 a Look, I can give you a lift to the station I.that way anyway. (drive) b You'll be late for your train - I ............. you to the station if you like. (drive) 3

VI. Fill in the spaces using the Future Simple, the Future Continuous or the Future Perfect of the verb in brackets. The first (0) is given as an example.

When shall I ...come round (0 come round)? Is Thursday still OK? Well, don't come at six - I ............. (1 work) then. What time do you think you ............. (2 be) free? Let's see, I .............. (3 work) on the manuscript all day as I told you and I expect I .

(4 complete) the second chapter by about seven. OK?


Yes, because I .............. (5 be) quite busy at about six tomorrow as well. I've got an

appointment with my dentist and I don't think she (6 finish) much before seven.

Well, we really must be getting on with the book, you know - by the end of this month we

(7 work on) the project for a whole year. It's taking far too long.

Yes, I................ (8 jump) for joy when it's finished. Me too. By the way, ............ (9 go) near the post office? Probably. It's not far from the dentist.

MARIA You see, I've been expecting an important parcel and I think it .. (10 arrive) by Thursday. If you (11 go) past there anyway, could you collect it for me? ROSA No problem. So, I ............ (12 see) you later. Bye for now.

VII. Read the text and decide which answer best fits each space. There is an example (0):

The Mystery of the Marie Celeste Example: 0 A Because of B As for C Since D As a result We spotted the Mary Celeste drifting in mid-Atlantic on December 5, 1872. (0) the ship looked damaged, the captain said the three of us (1) board her at once .. (2) investigate and .. (3) him back any information we could get hold of. We .. (4) climb on board without too much difficulty but we couldnt see any sign of life anywhere. The crew of the Mary Celeste .. (5) have abandoned ship ..(6) the ships small lifeboat was missing. Some navigational equipment which a ship of that kind .. (7) had on board was also missing. The crew .. (8) had much time to abandon the ship because they had not .. (9) with them many of their personal possessions. Luckily, we .. (10) to find the ships log which helped us a great deal in our .. (11). The last time the captain of the Mary Celeste had .. (12) an entry in the ships log was November 21. Something extraordinary must have taken .. (13) between this date and December,5. The captain of the ship, Benjamin Briggs, had extensive .. (14) of the high seas so what had made him .. (15) the decision to abandon ship in the middle of nowhere?

1 A have 2 A in order that 3 A take 4 A couldnt 5 A cant 6 A since 7 A shouldnt 8 A ought not have 9 A taken 10 A could 11 A information 12 A took 13 A part 14 A qualification 15 A bring

B had to B so that B get B managed B must B on account of B should have B must not B fetched B able B solution B passed B care B education B choose

C could C in order to C carry C unable C hadnt C as a result of C shouldnt have C couldnt have C brought C knew C suggestion C wrote C place C experience C have

D ought D for to D bring D were able to D could D owing to D should be D would have D had D managed D investigation D made D control D travel D take