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Architect s Corner: IT Portfolio Management

Postado por jausch 15/12/2011 Anterior Prximo At the end of my last post, I mentioned IT Portfolio Management, but I didn t explain what that was or explain how it can help you manage your transition to the cloud. In this post, we will explore this topic a bit further. IT Portfolio Management ( is a topic that s been around for some time. There are many flavors of this from different universities and think tanks. The fundamental concept is that IT is a business investment. And like any good investment your IT portfolio should be managed. This implies that you have some form of portfolio diversification to manage long term risk. For our purposes, it is the risk management aspect that comes into play when we discuss cloud. There are a great number of ways to do IT Portfolio management. As I ve previously mentioned, I m a big fan of the work being done at Cranfield School of Management in the UK so I ll use their version here.

As you can see in the diagram above, Cranfield breaks IT investments up into four quadrants: High Potential, Strategic, Key Operational and Support. We break them down in this order because it is not unusual for investments to move through the portfolio in this order. The quadrants are defined by contribution to the business future on the X axis with the higher future value being on top and then dependence on the current solution on the Y axis with higher current dependence on the left. 1/28


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The idea is that you can take all of your IT investments and chart them against these two axes. You ll then get your own breakdown of IT investments. As an exercise, think about all the IT projects your team is working on. How would your business users chart those activities against the chart above? Are you working on mostly Key Operational tasks? Here s a hint: It s super hard to raise top line revenue if you are not working on the top half of this chart. Here s an example of how IT investments can work through this chart. Let s think about ATM s. At one time, long ago, ATM s were a futuristic technology. Large banks thought about investing in this new technology but they were not sure if customers would accept the idea of working with a machine to get their cash instead of talking to a person. This made them a High Potential technology because they had potential but their value was unproven. Then, over time ATM s became a bit more common and people really liked them. The banks who had aggressive ATM deployment programs gained significant business advantage over their rivals. Thus, the technology moved from High Potential to Strategic. The business became very dependent on the ATM s. Fast forward a few years and ATM s become ubiquitous. Every bank has one. You have to have an ATM to become a bank. Thus, ATM s become Key Operational. There is very little future business advantage to be had, but you were completely dependent on them to run your banking business. Fast forward a bit more and now we have the internet. Banks are repeating the same cycle with online banking which is now somewhere between Strategic and Key Operational for most banks. To some degree, this reduces their reliance on ATM networks. Some online banks (like ING here in the USA) have no physical presence at all. No ATM s. Thus, they become Support technologies. They re great if you need them but you may outsource the function if you can get it for cheaper someplace else. This is not to say that ATM s are in the Support box for every bank. For some, they are still Key Operational. These decisions are derived from the business, not from IT. If you work for a bank who s core strategy is growing their brick and mortar business you will probably answer this question differently than if you work for a bank that has zero physical footprint. Above the Line Sometimes the analysis of IT project portfolios comes down to a simple question: Are you operating above the line? That is to say, are you working on things that increase business advantage for your business in the future? Are you on the top half of the chart above? Naturally, IT is tasked with keeping the lights on and all of those other operational issues. I am not suggesting that an IT organization can survive completely above the line. Not at all. The goal here is balance. I m not even saying that it s 50/50. In my experience, 10% of IT spend above the line can produce huge results in the long term. What the heck does all of this have to do with cloud? Well, I ll tell you. The reality is that it s super difficult for a bunch of technical folks in IT to create projects above the line. Unless you re very lucky or very good, you probably don t have the business acumen to do this on your own. This means partnering with the business and pushing IT decision making down as far into the operational groups as you can manage. Naturally, this requires a robust platform that provides self-service, infinite scaling, rapid elasticity, etc. See where I m going? Private clouds provide the ideal platform for these types of out of the box or future looking activities. Because they re super flexible, they can easily support new applications, databases or requirements that are not well understood. In effect, your private cloud can become your strategic sandbox for all those above the line activities. Something to think about. No?

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Announcing: New Microsoft Communities

Postado por jausch 09/12/2011 Today, we are very pleased to announce that all Microsoft related communities sites have been centralized into a single top level site. This will allow us to better monitor all the Microsoft related discussions and provide better support to our community participants. The new URL is: Under this top level site, there are six sub-sites. Some of these sites are simply existing sites that have been moved (like PowerShell) and some are new dedicated sites for topics that were previously part of larger discussion sites (like SQL which was in the database site before). We have also added a completely new site for Management and Virtualization to bring together discussions around Hyper-V, System Center and other Windows management topics. The new sites are: Exchange Server: SQL Server: SharePoint: MSFT Management and Virtualization: CIFS (SMB): PowerShell: Please join us in these new sites and post your questions and discussion topics. We are looking forward to the conversation!

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Rtulos: microsoft_netapp, microsoft, msft

Architect s Corner: Top Line Revenue

Postado por jausch 08/12/2011 Alex Jauch - Architect, Microsoft Private Cloud You may have noticed a bit of a gap in my blogging activity lately. I ve been offline for a while with a long business trip to Europe, then the Thanksgiving holiday and most recently a scary bout of pneumonia. Being unable to do much of anything because you can t breathe gives a person time to think. It also makes one quite thankful for family and all the other personal things that make life worth living. At any rate, I m back and I ll be picking up the discussion where I left off. As we have been discussing in this blog for several weeks, there is a huge potential for IT 3/28


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organizations to fundamentally transform their businesses through the use of cloud business models and architectures. However, this trend seems stuck in the huge potential column. As we have discussed, I have my theories about this. As I have stated previously, I feel that this is fundamentally an organizational change management problem. IT organizations who attempt to retain traditional organizational structures and processes struggle to implement successful private clouds. One aspect of this problem is sometimes referred to as the bottom line dilemma. If an IT organization is considered a cost center, it is very difficult for that organization to create the amount of change required to add value. If you are not adding value, you are a cost center by definition. It s a quandary. Let s start with the concept of value. If you want to create value in any organization, you must introduce change. Change is by definition a value precursor. Not all change creates value, but all value creation requires change. This is a tautology (a statement that is inherently true). Think about something simple like jewelry. If I give you a lump of gold, does that lump have value? Yep. Did I add any value by giving you the lump? Nope. What if I changed the lump into a ring? Ah, I have introduced physical change to the gold. This may have value to you. Unless the ring is really ugly. Then I d rather just have the gold. See where this is headed? Need more proof? How about this great study that CSC just published on cloud adoption: There are some super interesting conclusions in this report. This is just one data point, but it s fascinating none the less. In their survey, they found that only 10% of organizations listed cost savings as their top motivation. Further into the survey, they find that 82% of respondents achieved cost savings. However, those savings were not very significant, with 35% of organizations reporting less than $20,000 in savings. So, why did they do the move? Mostly to support new demands from mobile and always on access: one-third of respondents cite their need to better connect employees who use a multitude of computing devices as the number one reason they adopt cloud. This is a very strange result to me since the availability of SSL VPN and other technologies like IPSec have pretty much eliminated any remaining barriers between mobile devices and internal resources. There is no technical reason why a cloud application would be more accessible to the mobile worker than a traditional application. However, it does speak to the change in business model. If customers are demanding services that IT cannot or will not give them (anywhere access for mobile devices) then the business will find another way. The only reason why you would move to cloud to get better mobile access is if the traditional IT gatekeepers are preventing access due to some policy that doesn t support the business requirement. Unfortunately, the survey does not attempt to assess success or failure of adoptions so there is no data allowing us to compare strategies that work and those that don t. So, if change is good (sometimes) how do we evaluate good change and compare that to bad change? One way that I really like is to use a technique called benefits management. ( Developed by the folks at Cranfield School of Management in the UK, it provides a framework for managing the realization of benefits by IT organizations. I used to teach a two day class on this topic, but the short version is that in order to have benefit and IT activity must have underlying business metrics and those metrics must have a business owner. For example, back in the old days it was common to claim that PC s increased worker productivity. OK, great. How do I measure that? Either I produce x more widgets or I fire y people. That s it. You cannot say that task x takes 10 less seconds and is performed 10,000 times a day therefore you have saved 100,000 seconds a day. Saving 100,000 seconds is entirely theoretical until it is expressed into an actual benefit like reducing labor costs or increasing production. This is why IT organizations so rarely have this discussion. It s hard. This is especially true when discussing traditional IT benefits like saving time. This implies that the organization will fire someone which nobody wants to talk about. If you have the luxury of a quickly 4/28


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growing company, this benefit can be expressed in terms of avoided new headcount, but not everyone has the benefit of a large, growing business that s constantly hiring. No, it s much more fun to talk about creating top line revenue. Increasing production, exploring new markets, increasing customer satisfaction. Those are always great IT projects. How to we use this principal to help us plan and deploy private clouds? One way is to think about the benefits that you think the platform will bring to the organization. Things like increased agility or reduced downtime or reduced IT labor costs. Make a list. Hopefully, it s a super long list. Then you need to categorize these into top-line items (increased agility) and bottom-line items (reduced IT costs). For each top line item, you need to identify exactly who will benefit within the organization (VP of Sales, COO, VP of Product Development) and figure out exactly how much this will help their organization and what metrics you can apply. Once you have your proposed metrics, you need to go to the business owner of that activity and get them to agree to your metric. For example, the VP of Sales may not be super happy that you re asking them to commit to an additional $1M of quota because you want to deploy a new sales productivity application. See how this gets complicated? You cannot claim a benefit unless those you claim to benefit agree. That may not always happen. As I said, you re hoping for a super long list. This lack of visibility and support for IT business improvement is at the heart of failed projects. IT says that things are better but the business either disagrees or simply doesn t care. Neither of these scenarios are good. In many cases, this technique will radically change IT s implementation priorities. The organizations that WANT IT services come up in priority. Those who are unhappy or uncaring drop down. Remember what I said about running a business? You need to provide a service that your customer wants. Your customers will tell you if you are doing the right thing or not. It is a similar exercise when you use benefits management to ensure that IT is actually creating value for the organization. This is true even if you choose not to do charge back and no money ever changes hands. Recommendation: Focus at least 10% if your total IT spend on projects that raise the company top line in ways that the business is willing to sign off on. This will help you balance your IT portfolio.

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Monitoring SnapManagers and SnapDrive events in SCOM - PART 2

Postado por Santhosh Rao 08/12/2011 Author - Santhosh Harihara Rao Reference Architect - Virtualization and Cloud Computing In part 1 of the this blog post I had described how SCOM can be used to monitor important events occuring in the SnapManager suite of products. Here are the list of important event IDs for SnapManager for SQL ,SnapManager for Exchange and SnapManager for SharePoint SnapManager for SQL E ent E ent ID


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309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 379

MSG_SMSQL_BACKUP_DBCC_PERVDISK_ONEOK .Verification 380 (DBCC CHECKDB) of snapshot based full database backup named ' 1' on SQL Server ' 2' completed successfully.)
SnapManager for E change Event Description F F S S S T S S S S F S F S J J S S F S M VSS M M '' .

.L . .U M M M M M M (J ID=) E


. . , , , S .P .P M E E . . .M . .E .L P S :B S M :L N P :L :B L N :E S



M M E . [] [] E . [] . ''.

. .


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SnapManager remote database integrity verification failed on server ''. Please check the application event logs on se SnapManager for Sharepoint E ent Description General backup PRItemRestoreNew2007 PRWrapperBackup2007 PRWrapperRestore2007 PRItemRestore2010 Archiver SMSPCheckUser SMSPGetUserGroup SMSPFilerSDKTool SMSPUPProcProxy SMSPSMMOSSAgentSetup SMSPManagerUninstall SMSPAgentUninstall SMSPDiagnosticTools FileMigrator PFMigrator LotusNotesMigrator LotusNotesBrower LotusNotesStageBrower LotusNotesRestore2007 LotusNotesRestore2010 QuickPlaceMigrator QuickPlaceBackup QuickPlaceRestore2007 QuickPlaceRestore2010 eRoomMigrator ERMMigrator E ent ID 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 2000 7000 7050 7100 7150 7250 7300 7350 7400 3000 4000 5000 5100 5150 5300 5400 5500 5600 5700 5800 6000 6500

SMSPSMMOSSManagerSetup 7200

Permalink 227 Visualizaes 2 Comentrios Rtulos: storage-efficiency, monitoring;tool;provisioning;management;ontap;manage;, monitoring, sql_snapmanager, sharepoint_management, sharepoint_server, snapmanager_for_exchange_6.0_with_exchange_2010, snapmanager_for_microsoft_sql, snapmanager_for_sharepoint, scom

Don t Reseed That Exchange Server 2010 Database!

Postado por quimbey 01/12/2011 7/28


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Having to reseed a copy of the database in a DAG configuration with Exchange Server 2010 is painful enough that I actually have had nightmares involving reseed. Even though streaming online backup is deprecated in Exchange Server 2010, that code is utilized to perform a database reseed. Reseeding is notoriously slow, and doesn t scale very well. In a recent customer visit I could not achieve greater than 300MB/sec out of a source mailbox server, even with 40 concurrent database reseeds. This on a Friday was projected to take over 3 days and was painfully surprised to find on Monday that the jobs were done, but nothing had been copied. It turns out by default, after reseeding the database it will reseed the content index. The content index reseed failed, and rolled back the whole thing! If you use Exchange to reseed be sure to run with the database only switch and reseed the content index in a separate job. (update-mailboxdatabasecopy databaseonly) I found much faster throughput using a flat file copy, even eseutil (/y) can be utilized for this at the expense of requiring a dismounted source. The takeaway is that database reseeding is painful. If you utilize NetApp for your Exchange Server 2010 storage, a little disk space will save you from ever having to reseed a database. Most NetApp deployments of Exchange Server 2010 involve taking a full backup on one copy of the database utilizing SnapManager for Exchange and snapshots. Since NetApp doesn t use a copy on write snapshot scheme, there is no performance penalty to keeping multiple (hundreds) snapshots. Space is only consumed as changes are made. If you update a block, it is not touched, rather a new block is written and the pointer to the live file system is updated. Typical deployments in the 1-2GB mailbox range can expect a 1-3% daily change rate. If you have a 2% daily change rate, storing 7 days of snapshots will consume space equal to 14% of the dataset size. This is one of the points of efficiency NetApp excels at, as competing VSS solutions must at the very least copy the entire dataset and then house the changed blocks for a backup capacity cost of greater than 100% of the dataset size. Other copies of the database should run copy backup jobs that do not truncate logs. If space is at a premium, keep only enough space for one day s worth of snapshots. If you ever reboot, blue screen, or otherwise find failed database copies, you can: Suspend the failed copy Remove it Add it back with seeding postponed Restore a recent snapshot Resume the copy

At this point it will perform an incremental reseed copying just the transaction log files that are required to get up to date, a few megabytes. I'm running tests where you don't remove and then add the database copy simply restore the LUN. However, depending on the timing this can throw up Exchange errors, which may not be acceptable depending on the monitoring strategy. Please click permalink below, or the title of this blog post above to see the attached AVI for a Video demonstration of our rapid reseed. We demonstrated this live at TechEd 2011 in Atlanta in less than 2 minutes. Please keep in mind most of the elapsed time in the video are pauses in the script so that I have time to talk about what actions are being performed. Thanks, Robert

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Best Practices Guide for OCPM 3.0 is now 8/28


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Postado por sadhanab 01/12/2011

The Best Practices Guide for OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft is now available at the following location. 4.pdf The NetApp OnCommand plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft is the successor to ApplianceWatch PRO 2.1.1. Apart from a detailed section on the best practices for installing and configuring OCPM 3.0 with Microsoft System Center Operations Manager (SCOM) 200 R2 and System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM) 200 R2, the guide also includes new sections that cover the best practices around the following key features of OCPM 3.0. LUN and VHD misalignment detection alerts, reports, and PRO tips. Agentless monitoring and discovery functionality on Hyper-V hosts. Cluster shared volumes (CSVs) support for highly available VMs. MultiStore support. Rapid provisioning and cloning of VMs using PowerShell cmdlets or by using Microsoft Opalis. Disaster recovery across geographically dispersed sites and domains. There is also a troubleshooting section in the guide which covers some of the generic issues faced while working with OCPM and SCOM. The best tip for troubleshooting however is to enable OCPM debugging. The steps to enable debug logging for OCPM is covered in section . of the document.

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Rtulos: bpg, scom, ocpm, tr-3974

Windows File Service TRs

Postado por bing 29/11/2011 A series of Windows File Service related TRs have been published on NOW site, and here is the list: Data ONTAP 7G/7M: TR-3490 NetApp Storage S stem Multiprotocol User Guide was published for the update of Multiprotocol access in NetApp DataOntap system. The changes focus on the addtion of NFSV4 ACL, the interaction between NFSV4 ACL/UNIX ModeBits/NT ACL. A more detailed work flows were also added into the interaction diagrams. For people who are interested in the Multi-Protocol interaction, you may find this TR useful during the deployment. Data ONTAP 8.1 Cluster Mode: TR-3742 SMB 2 -- Ne t Generation CIFS Protocol in Data ONTAP was published for the addition of SMB2.1 on Data ONTAP 8.1 Cluster Mode. The TR covers the SMB2/SMB2.1 protocol side of Windows File Service, covers the platform up to Data ONTAP 8.1 7G/7M and Data ONTAP 8.1 Cluster Mode. TR-3967 Deplo ment and Best Practices Guide for Data ONTAP 8.1 Cluster-Mode 9/28


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Windows File Services describes Windows File Services infrastructure in Data ONTAP operating in Cluster Mode. It presents an overview of Server Message Block (SMB) functional modules, describes each SMB feature and configuration with best practices, and offers a selection of error diagnoses and SMB statistics. TR-3970 Cluster-Mode Onboard Antivirus McAfee Deployment Guide discusses the scanning configurations for McAfee VirusScan Enterprise (VSE) On-board for Data ONTAP operating in Cluster-Mode. It also discusses the best practices for deploying this solution.

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Rtulos: msbu, antivirus, cifs, windows-file-service

Cloudy with a chance of Hyper-V

Postado por Chris Lionetti 28/11/2011 You may be aware of some of the drastic changes coming to Windows and Hyper-V in the next version. While I don t want to minimize Server 2012, I do want to point you to something far closer to shipping that will give your existing virtual server farm new versatility. While Hyper-V is all about virtualization, virtualization is NOT cloud, and SCVMM is all about enabling the private cloud. Microsoft has made the release candidate of System Center Virtual Machine manager 2012 at this following location; Download: SC VMM 2012 RC - Eval - Microsoft Download Center - Download Details You should however realize that this is far from a simple update or bug fix of an existing product. There are new concepts you are going to want to understand before installing this data center tool. The complete Microsoft official documentation is located here; System Center 2012 - Virtual Machine Manager Release Candidate Instead of spending time in this blog talking about all of the advantages in VMM2012 regarding server or network management this blog entry is focusing on concepts related to storage. These are how to talk to your storage, how to conceptualize your storage, and finally how to preserve your storage and enable instant deployment. SMI-S is the new method to communicate with the storage. In the case of NetApp this means you want to download and install our free SMI-SAgent. This can be found here. Pooling is the new method to allow VMM to allocate the storage to the infrastructure. The concept of a pool to storage people is more commonly called a tier of storage. For example a Super-Fast pool might be SSD, while the slow pool is SATA. A Pool in VMM equates to an Aggregate in NetApp terms. Support for Snap-Shot and Clone operations are now inherent to the product. This feature uses the FlexClone license and automatically creates space efficient FlexClones of Volumes whenever requested. The VMM2012 method to create clones while effective is also simplistic and offers little granular control. If more granular control is required such as needing to deploy sub-lun clones or many clones per volume previous methods such as PowerShell are still available. These concepts are explained in much more detail in the following Technical report TR-3797 located at the following location; 10/28


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Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit 1.6: Windows volume and disk management.
Postado por sizemore 23/11/2011 One of our more ambitious goals for the Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit 1.6 was to simplify Volume and Disk management. Volume and Disk management in Windows is handled by the Virtual Disk Service (VDS), and has been open to developers since its inception. Administrators, were left in the dark with nothing but diskpart, and complicated parsing. As you ll soon see those dark days are in the past, as we ve made VDS a first class PowerShell citizen. It all starts with a new and improved Get-NaHostDisk, not only do we report any Disks attached to the system, but we also added an -DataOnTap, and -Uninitilized switch to the cmdlet to make finding new disks easier than ever. P C\ GtNHsDs S :> e-aotik HsDieah otrvPt -----------C\ : F\ : E\ : Ds ik --0 1 2 S eCnrlePt i otolrah -- -------- ------1. G 20 B 1. G Aol:vldmetln 00 B plo/o/sts/u1 1. G Aol:vldmetln 00 B plo/o/sts/u3

Now in my case I have a new LUN that isn t showing up just yet so I need to trigger a VDS rescan. P C\ SatNHsDsRsa S :> tr-aotikecn Unfortunately, the underlying VDS service offers no feedback, so there is no way of knowing when the scan is complete, but I ll offer a solution to that later. For now we see that our new LUN is found but uninitialized. P C\ GtNHsDs S :> e-aotik HsDieah otrvPt -----------C\ : F\ : E\ : Ds ik --0 1 2 3 S eCnrlePt i otolrah -- -------- ------1. G 20 B 1. G Aol:vldmetln 00 B plo/o/sts/u1 1. G Aol:vldmetln 00 B plo/o/sts/u3 1. G Aol:vldmetln 00 B plo/o/sts/u2

From here there are two choices, the easy way or the hard way. We know that 99% of the time you just want a regular GPT disk, with a single NTFS formatted volume the size of the LUN. With that in mind we have the easy way! P C\>GtNHsDs -nntaie S : e-aotik Uiiil d Mutons onPit Ds ik -----------G\ : 3 fa-10ac-05debf\ c71e-be015509 NwNHsVlm e-aotoue S eGiPts i udah -- ------ ---1. G \?Vlm e8cc00 B \\oue 528c

By default we will create a single partition the size of the volume with a 4k allocation size, and map it to the next available drive letter, but you can override any of those setting. The only thing we 11/28


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won t let you do is create a partition that is unaligned. Meaning your allocation size must be divisible by 4k. Now if you really want to do it the hard way you can, and here you can get as in-depth as your heart s content. P C\ G -ao D k-nn il e S :> e NH i Uii ai d Iiil eNH D k n ai -ao i N -ao Vlm -ae "B"-ie5b-loainn S e6k e NH o e Lbl D1 S g Alc oUi i 4b F m -i * o a L D k i :3 GiP h da : \?Vlm e8cc-c71e-be \\o e 528cfa-10ac015509 \ 05debf V I d d :e235-fe4d-24d209c3 66f503-1281-059206 Lbl ae :D1 B M nPi o on : G\ : Wiah mP : \. o \i 2Wn2Vlm.eieD"\\ \\ o cm :i3_o eD cI=\\? \Vlm-. \o e.. S e i :56792 38010 D kne i Id :3 T aAlc inn o lloa oUi :899 11 Aalbeloainn ialAlc oUi :801 16 Alc inn S e loa oUi i :656 53 Ta iin ae n oS :Sal be Vllg oFa :Cn ed Cnhik I albe aE n, aS n, n lal, F N Spo e,P mnnD m nSpo e a o p d e ae i o p d FFa lg :Nn oe O c f o e o cna oj a l mnpl eei ig o m . F i ac ai a n l e o n ne mnpl iga o m ai a n l e iei a ipea aLNo FeVli OTP ml U l o n NA. P C\>G -ao Vlm -ahG\ S : e NH o e P : M nPi o on D k i -----------G\ : 3 fa-10ac-05debf\ c71e-be015509 S -ao VlmS e-ie8b e NH o ei S g S eGiP h i da -- ------ ---80G \?Vlm e8cc. B \\o e 528c

Mount point manipulation is also as easy, and surprisingly flexible. Flipping a drive from a drive letter to a Mount Point is a one liner. P C\ D m n-ao Vlm -onPi G\ S :> i o NH o e M on : M nPi C\B o on :D1 M nPi o on D k i -----------C\B :D1 3 fa-10ac-05debf\ c71e-be015509 M n-ao Vlm o NH o e

S eGiP h i da -- ------ ---80G \?Vlm e8cc. B \\o e 528c

Or you could simply add an additional access path. Did you know you could even do that in NTFS? I didn t until we developed the new cmdlets. P C\ G -ao Vlm C\B S :> e NH o e :D1 M nPi o on ---------M n-ao Vlm -onPi J o NH o e M on : S eGiP h i da -- ------ ---12/28

D k i ---


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C\B,J\ :D1 : 71 0 -1 -05 509 \ 015

80G \?V . B \\

528 8

We ve added some special sauce to volume deletion. Here by adding the -Reclaim switch, we ll actually leverage SCSI UNMAP to unallocated the blocks in WALF before we delete the volume. Customers using thin provisioned LUNs will then see the actual space reclaimed on the Controller. P C\ R S :> - H N V P J\: R

Finally you can simply reformat an existing volume; we again added the option to reclaim the actual space on the controller. P C\ F S :> - H V N P F\: L "B"D1 R M P D S G P ------------- ------ ---F\ : 1 1. G \?V 00 B \\ 19-11 2 -0 6666 \ 061 - 8 86 93

3 565 90-

Armed with this new functionality you can finally manage the entire lifecycle of a Data ONTAP LUN! For instance the following is an example script that will fully provision a LUN. P ( $ P L =' / / 1 / 5 ' , $ S L =1 0 , $ C =' A ' ) B (G ( M I M OTP NA )' D OTP) NA'


- C N

$ C



#C LN U $ =N - L N P #G SS IN CI Q $ =G - H I N #F $G I W

$ P L

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I G =G - I N O ( . $ I LN U P $ . P G $G I . I


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. P

$ C



NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

As I stated earlier we set out with the goal to make Volume and Disk management in Windows as easy as Volume management is in Data ONTAP. I hope you ll join me in agreement that we hit that high mark.

Permalink 460 Visualizaes 0 Comentrios Rtulos: vds, powershell_toolkit, powershell

Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit 1.6 feature highlight: Virtual Disks

Postado por sizemore 15/11/2011 Perhaps the most exciting capability added to the Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit 1.6 was the ground breaking work we did around Virtual Hard Disks (VHD). We took a different approach, and think we ve redefined VHDs for the long term. So what did we do? Well we ll start from the beginning with VHD creation. It is well documented, and common knowledge that VHD s and the file systems contained within them must be properly aligned with the underlying storage. Failure to do so can cause up to a 50% performance hit. Unfortunately, due to the file format itself it is no possible to align dynamic VHDs. This has caused enough pain that Microsoft is introducing a new VHD format called VHDX in Windows 8. Our customers know all of this and yet, we run into customers who have gotten themselves in trouble using dynamic VHDs. We asked ourselves why that was, and what we could do to help. Our analysis found two key pain points. VHD creation time, and wasted storage due to all those zero s. There is also a performance penalty during the VHD Creation when using fixed VHDs. Think about it; you re zeroing a 100GB file, which means you re physically writing 100GB. So how did we fix it? We removed the writes Let me explain. We start by creating a sparse file on the targeted NTFS volume. We don t allocate anything. We then write a valid VHD footer in our new file. At this point you have a valid VHD, except there may be data on the underlying blocks so we have to zero it somehow. This is where we got fancy; instead of writing zeros we leverage SCSI UNMAP to de-allocate the blocks on the controller, hence no writes! In fact, what we were left with was a thin Fixed VHD, a VHD That was fully allocated in Windows, but was thin on the controller. It is also important to note here that Data ONTAP returns zero whenever you attempt to read an unmapped block. This ensures that Windows sees what it s expecting to see. All unused sectors on disk always return zero until Widows writes to them. So how do you get it? Just download the Data ONTAP PowerShell toolkit version 1.6. Let s see this in action!
P C\ MaueCmad NwNVrulik-ulaeG\0B-ie1G S :> esr-omn e-aitaDs FlNm :1G S 0B Slc-betTtleod eetOjc oaScns Ttleod oaScns ---------07126 .820 P C\ MaueCmad NwNVrulik-ulaeG\0G -ie10B S :> esr-omn e-aitaDs FlNm :10B S 0G Slc-betTtleod eetOjc oaScns 14/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

Ttleod oaScns ----------2957 .838 P C\ MaueCmad NwNVrulik-ulaeG\00B-ie10G S :> esr-omn e-aitaDs FlNm :10G S 00B Slc-betTtleod eetOjc oaScns Ttleod oaScns ----------1.919 9064

As you can see we have simply removed the penalty traditional Fixed VHDs once had. Truthfully, VHD creation would have been enough, but we didn t stop there. We know what the real world is like, and also included the ability to resize a VHD while still maintaining our thin provisioning.
P C\ StNVrulikie-ulaeG\0Bvd-ie2g S :> e-aitaDsS FlNm :1G.h S 0b Md oe ----aLsWieie atrtTm -----------Lnt egh ----Nm ae --1G.h 0Bvd

1/521 1:5A 244392 02/01 14 M 17869

It s important to note that we re not merely growing the file. We re actually reaching into the VHD and growing the file system within it as well. Of course growing is easy, shrinking is hard. Unfortunately we re limited by the rules of NTFS so we can only shrink a file to the minimum NTFS supports based on the disk initial geometry. With that in mind we made it easy, and added a minimum switch. P C\ StNVrulikie-ulaeG\0B-iiu S :> e-aitaDsS FlNm :1G Mnmm
Md oe ----aLsWieie atrtTm -----------1/521 1:3P 02/01 20 M Lnt egh ----1532 2844 Nm ae --1G.h 0Bvd

With a little scripting we can quickly reclaim all the free space within a group of offline VHDs.
GtCidtmG\-itr".h" e-hlIe : Fle *vd $ie=$.egh s _Lnt $ _ StNVrulikie-iiu -ofr:Fle e-aitaDsS Mnmm Cnim$as StNVrulikie-ie$ie-ofr:Fle e-aitaDsS S s Cnim$as FrahOjc oec-bet

We also included the necessary cmdlets for mounting/dismounting a VHD from the host system. This could be used for any number of things, for instance if your still provisioning Server 2003 it s a straight forward process to get the base VHD ready for loading.
NwNVrulik-ulaeG\i232gl.h -ie4g e-aitaDs FlNm :WnkR_odvd S 0b MutNVrulik on-aitaDs NwNHsVlm -oon e-aotoue NMut Dson-aitaDs -ofr:Fle imutNVrulik Cnim$as

And just like that we have a thinly provisioned property aligned partition to install windows onto. As if that wasn t enough to get you excited, we went the final mile, and brought sub-lun cloning to the toolkit as well. Copy-NaHostFile uses the same technology as OCPM, and as we ve shown it s simply the fastest VM provisioning possible.
P C\ mauecmad S :> esr-omn 1.0 FrahOjc .1 oEc-bet Cp-aotie-oreieG\i232gl.h -etntoFl o NHsFl SucFl :WnkR_odvd Dsiainie 15/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

G\M_vd :V$.h

Dy as Hus or Mnts iue Scns eod Mlieod ilscns Tcs ik

:0 :0 :3 :3 8 :75 5 :28525 17520

That s 400GB of Virtual machines provisioned in less than four minutes. Simply incredible, and it s only going to get faster as we continue to tune the engine going forward. So what does this all mean? Everything I ve explained today was developed together. It s a suite of tools that enable you to get the absolute maximum savings out of your Hyper-V/NetApp environment. By combining our thin thick VHD creation with Sub-LUN cloning you start from a true thin architecture. Add on to that Dedupe, compression, FlashCache, and we re talking next generation storage efficiency!

Permalink 417 Visualizaes 0 Comentrios Rtulos: storage_efficiency, vhd, powershell;, powershell_toolkit;

Architect s Corner: Understanding your core customers

Postado por jausch 08/11/2011 Alex Jauch Architect, Microsoft Private Cloud As we have been discussing in this series of posts, it is the business model transition from traditional IT to the cloud that is the most difficult part of our journey to the cloud. If we are to become true service providers to our internal customers, we must understand our customers in a way that we have never understood them before. First question is, who are our customers? For many private clouds, the target customer is the business unit IT administrator. However, the ultimate power of the pocketbook may not reside there. Just like toys are marketed to moms as much as to children, the actual consumer of the private cloud infrastructure will most likely not be the business unit IT folks, but rather their end customer within the business. This implies that we have a very indirect value proposition. This is always tricky to pull off. Intel has done a great job of this over the years with their Intel inside program. Others, not so much. Oh yeah, you didn t think you would be planning marketing campaigns when you became an IT person, did ya? Well, think again. Actually, the idea of IT organizations running internal marketing campaigns is not new. I have a vivid memory of my boss boss dressing up in a flight suit and coming into a company all hands as Captain GUI to help launch Windows 3.1 when I was a fresh nugget out of college in my first real job with a Fortune 500 IT shop. We all thought it was pretty funny, but I think he definitely had the right idea. We wanted the business to adopt this change because it made them more productive. Just slapping a new PC on their desk with Windows on it wasn t going to help anyone if they didn t know how to use it. So, we had this huge internal marketing campaign helping folks make the transition. I don t honestly think that folks in the workforce today really need any help understanding what a mouse is anymore but I m sure that they re super confused about the cloud 16/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

and what it s good for. All of this goes back to your customer. Who is your customer? Suggestion: Your customer is anyone in the company directly involved in making money for the company. Full stop. When I was at Microsoft, they hired Kevin Turner to be the COO. He came from Wal-Mart and is a very no-nonsense guy. One thing he said that really sticks in my mind is At Microsoft, we do two things: we make software and we sell software. If you don t do one of those two things, you re overhead. You don t often get crystal clear guidance like that from leadership. Once you understand who exactly you re selling TO, you need to understand WHAT it is you are trying to sell them. Understanding what you re selling can be trickier than it seems. This is the difference between wholesale and retail. In the wholesale business, you sell to professionals. In the IT world, when I sell a SAN, or a Private Cloud to a well-run IT shop, we really focus on the bits and bytes. How does it work and how much will it cost. On the other hand, if you are selling to a business leader or and end user, these things are less important. Consumer electronics firms like Apple understand this. Apple products do not focus on the HOW but rather the WHAT. Steve Jobs was famous for saying that Apple products are magical and for being very short on details. This can frustrate a professional engineer but is exactly right for a consumer audience. The reality is that people don t buy features or products. They buy solutions. If I have a business pain, how do I make that go away? For private cloud, the selling proposition usually goes like this: If you deploy our private cloud solution, you will be able to help your internal customers deploy applications and solutions faster at a lower cost point than traditional solutions. Sound familiar? However, the goal of the IT organization is not to sell their internal private cloud product to other IT people. Usually the key audience is internal business users or perhaps business unit IT leadership. Those folks must sign off on the budget you are hoping to capture. Even if you are not doing charge-back you need to act as if you are. In the end, budget will need to be procured. Nothing simplifies the budget process like other departments screaming for your services, I can assure you. Suggestion: You are selling business agility, safety and reduced cost. Something like this: Our internal cloud allows business unit IT organizations to quickly respond to your departmental initiatives at a lower price point than traditional systems without the risk of placing business critical data outside the company s firewall. Or try out this tagline: Internal Cloud: We say YES. Faster.

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Data ONTAP DSM 3.5 Released now with PowerShell

Postado por sizemore 07/11/2011 For the uninitiated, a Device Specific Module (DSM) plugs into the Microsoft Multipath I/O framework. The function of a DSM is to increase Windows knowledge of and interoperability with any SAN attached LUNs. In our case it also enables significantly greater management of the Multipath I/O subsystem. In addition to the enhanced discovery available via the DSM, we also enhance your knowledge of the storage subsystems health via Windows ELT logging. It works with either iSCSI or FC and in our case offers up to a 30% performance increase over the MSDSM. It is highly recommended that the ONTAP DSM be installed on any system using NetApp LUNs, and is required for customers running ALUA. 17/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

So let s take a look at what we mean by greater manageability. For starters you can see the direct correlation between disks in Windows, and the actual controller information!

Drilling down into specific disk you see all the details of every path between both the Controller and the host.

Anyone who has ever troubleshot LUN connectivity instantly recognizes just how important this information is in a time of crisis, but this is not merely a reporting engine. Through the ONTAP DSM you can control every aspect of how the Controller and your Windows host interoperate, but none of that is really new. What is new is the addition of a PowerShell Snap-In management interface! Today marks a bit of a mile stone here at NetApp for this is the first in a series of releases aimed at improving our products integration, and extensibility for the Windows administrator by offering native PowerShell support, and by support we mean complete coverage. To get started we simply open a PowerShell prompt, and import the Snap-In.
P C\ AdPSai nam S :> d-Snpn tpp

Once loaded we can get, and set any of the ONTAP DSM configuration parameters, the defaults DSM uses when determining how to manage a new LUN.
P C\ GtOtpsprm S :> e-nadmaas PtVrfEald ahei nbe PtVrfctoPro aheiiaineid Rt Cut er on :0 :3 0 :6

Rt Itra er nevl :2 POeoeeid DRmvPro :10 3 DfutodaacPlc ealLaBlneoi :DQ LD SpotdodaacPlce :F,R,Rw,DQ,W,At upreLaBlneoiis O R RS LD P uo 18/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community




:6 :2 :6 0 :2 0 :1 :00000000 ::::::: :6 :2 :1 :0



Fo in ance o inc ea e logging o cap i ne e o o ld n:

P C\ S S :> O E

e an pa h an i ion o e e a ion change

he DSM


Of co

e all he ich info ma ion e had in he GUI i e po ed a Po e Shell Objec .

P C\ G S :> S D I LNMID U PO M S --- -------- - ----------D U D U D U D U D U D U D U D U D U D S 4 2 2 0 3 1 6 0 9 2 1 3 0 7 0 8 1 5 3 0 0 I MI D PO MI D PO MI D PO MI D PO MI D PO S MI D PO S MI D PO S MI D PO S MI D PO MI D PO A S S N S L P --------- --- ------ ------3O K 0/ 1O K 0/ 2O K 0/ 5O K 1/ 8O K / 9O K / 6O K / 7O K / 4O K 0/ 0O K / D P I O / D N -----LP B P C

---- -------- ---2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 4

5Z/ G J 1 G 0 D .. . 5ZOOQ59 M D G 00 / .. . 5ZO G 195GD 02 / .. . 5ZO6 120GD G S 04 / .. . 5Z /D 52 G D G GF 10 / .. . 5Z / X52 G D G 10 / .. . 5Z ZF 52 G D G 6 10 / .. . 5Z Z3 52 G D G 10 / .. . 5Z JT37 G D G 8 02 / .. . 9JMLJ10G D F LY 0 / _. .. 4 S A S


P C\ G S :> S D I DM SI

T A T G I T P I --- ----- ------ -------- ----- ---- -------- --------- ----- ---- ---- --- -------------------------- -----D 4 0000 0000 A 3012 3013 E SS CI T 0 121..1/20UK 7.622836 N UK N D 4 0000 0000 A 3022 3023 121..1/20UK 7.632836 N E UK N SS CI T 0

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NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

P C\ GtSntt -ikds0 S :> e-asas Ds ik DsI PtI ikd ahd NmeORasNmeOWie NmeOBtsed ubrfed ubrfrts ubrf eRa

NmeOBtsrte NmeOIErr NmeOFiOesOttnigeuss ubrf eWitn ubrforos ubrfalvr usadnRqet --- ----- --- -------------- ------------------------ ------- -------- ----------------- -------------------------- -------- --------Ds0 0000 175 ik 2011 73 267 61 36848 7750 17972 9411 0 0 0 Ds0 0000 169 ik 1001 15 6289 5812 0 Ds0 0000 0 ik 1012 0 0 Ds0 0000 0 ik 2002 0 0 39 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20370 5342 0

As we mentioned earlier this is a complete implementation. You have the abilit to change even the most minor details, but more importantl ou can control the big ones! For instance: Set the load balancing polic on particular disk:
P C\ StSnik-ikds4-boi R S :> e-ads Ds ik Lplc R

Disable SAN Traffic over a particular path:

P C\ StSnah-ah0000 -ikds4-tt dsbe S :> e-apt Pt 2011 Ds ik Sae ial

Adjust the weight of a given path, telling windows which link to use over others:
P C\ StSnah-ikds6-ah0000 -egt0 S :> e-apt Ds ik Pt 3013 Wih P C\ StSnah-ikds6-ah0000 -egt1 S :> e-apt Ds ik Pt 3023 Wih

Perhaps the best part of this particular implementation is that ever cmdlet supports remote management of other s stems ONTAP DSM.
P C\ GtSnah-ikds0-optraeHpr6-rdnil S :> e-apt Ds ik CmueNm eV Ceeta FSTAKOsgAmn ATRC\pMrdi DsI DMd ikd SI TreAatr agtdpe --- ----- -PtI ahd ----Oeainltt prtoaSae Amntt Pooo PeerdWih diSae rtcl rfre egt TreGopdTrePrI agtruI agtotd ------------------- ---- ------------ ---- ---- --Tu re Tu re Fle as Fle as 0 0 0 0

----------------------------- -----Ds0 0000 0000 Atv/piie ik 2010 2011 cieOtm d Eald nbe F C 5:A0:48:0D:0So:d 00 00:98:D3:D4 lt0 02 0000 0002 Ds0 0000 0000 Atv/piie ik 1000 1001 cieOtm d Eald nbe F C 5:A0:38:0D:0So:c 00 00:98:D3:D4 lt0 02 0000 0001 Ds0 0000 0000 Atv/o-piie Eald ik 1010 1012 cieNnOtm d nbe F C 5:A0:39:0D:0So:.c00 00:98:D3:D4 ltv0 03 0000 0011 Ds0 0000 0000 Atv/o-piie Eald ik 2000 2002 cieNnOtm d nbe F C 5:A0:49:0D:0So:.d00 00:98:D3:D4 ltv0 03 0000 0012

We chose to ship a Snap-In, and not a module for compatibilit reasons. In this initial offering we needed to support customers still running PowerShell V1. However if ou so desire there is nothing stopping ou from making it a module ourself, to do so simple run the following.
#Udt tepmdl pt pae h soue ah $n:Soueah='0;1'- $n:Soueah ':PormFlsNtp\PO evPMdlPt { { f evPMdlPt, C\rga ie\eApMI' #Gnrt amdl mnfs eeae oue aiet NwMdlMnfs -ashu` e-oueaiet PsTr -ah':PormFlsNtp\POnam.s1 ` Pt C\rga ie\eApMI\tpppd' -oueeso '.'` MdlVrin 35 20/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

-UD(gi]:eGi(.ud ` GI [ud:Nwud)gi) -uhr$n:srae` Ato evuenm -opnNm 'eAp ` Cmayae Ntp' -oyih 'oyih ()21 Ntp. Alrgt rsre. ` Cprgt Cprgt c 01 eAp l ihs eevd' -ecito 'aaOTPDM ` Dsrpin Dt NA S' -oeSeleso '.'` PwrhlVrin 20 -oNtrmwrVrin'.'` DteFaeokeso 35 -omtTPoes'tppFra.sxl ` Frasorcs nam.omtp1m' -etdoue 'tppdl ` NseMdls nam.l' -oueorcs ' ` MdlTPoes ' -yeTPoes@)` Tpsorcs ( -eurdsebis@)` RqieAsmle ( -ieit@) FlLs ( #Sehwyu mdl i nwlse e o or oue s o itd GtMdl LsAalbe e-oue itvial #Uei s t Ipr-ouenam motMdl tpp

In fact the resulting module can be xcopy deployed. Meaning, if you simply copy the C:\Program Files\NetApp\MPIO\ntapmp folder to a valid modules folder on your administrative system, you can remotely manage the ONTAP DSM without installing anything! Simply import the module and away you go. Anyone running a previous version of the DSM should head on over to NOW and get it while its hot, we hope youre as pleased with the manageability, and performance weve included in this most recent release.

Permalink 386 Visualizaes 0 Comentrios Rtulos: powershell, mpio, windows_mpio, dsm, data_ontap_dsm, netapp_data_ontap_dsm, automation

Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit 1.6 Released! (724 Cmdlets)

Postado por sizemore 31/10/2011 Well Toolkit fans it s that time again, and man have we been busy. Truth be told there is simply too much to cover in a single post. Version 1.6 added 197 cmdlets, as well as enhancements across the board! We ve continued to fine tune the Data ONTAP 7-mode cmdlets, and included our first public beta of the Cluster-mode cmdlets. We did a substantial amount of work simplifying windows volume disk management, and added exciting capabilities with virtual disks. We ll discuss all the new functionality in time over the next several months, but until then I give you the Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit v1.6. Majo fea e :

VHD file utilities Space reclamation Windows disk and volume management File cloning 21/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

*Data ONTAP 8.1 (Cluster-mode) SSH setup Vfiler migration More complete Data ONTAP (7-mode) coverage Ne cmdlets: Copyoffload (3 cmdlets) Fcp (2 cmdlets) Fpolicy (1 cmdlet) Lun (2 cmdlets) Nameservice (3 cmdlets) Net (2 cmdlets) Radius (8 cmdlets) Secureadmin (1 cmdlet) Snapmirror (3 cmdlets) Snapshot (1 cmdlet) Vfiler (4 cmdlets) Wafl (1 cmdlet) Host File (2 cmdlet) Host Volume (8 cmdlet) Virtual Disk (4 cmdlet) Host Disk (4 cmdlet) Enhancements The Toolkit now offers more standardized data size inputs that may be specified as bytes or as string-formatted values with units. Cmdlets which change data size values (i.e. Set-NaLunSize) all accept absolute size values, positive or negative size increments, and positive or negative percentages. Get-NaSystemLog offers several improvements: better performance when -StartTime parameter is specified, correct -Follow switch behavior through a log rotate, -EventType and -Severity parameters accept arrays, and the cmdlet supports the snapmirror log. Add-NaHostIscsiTargetPortal and Connect-NaHostIscsiTarget now include -RadiusGenerate and RadiusVerify switches. Set-NaVfilerAddress now allows IP addresses to be configured without requiring the user to create an IpbindingInfo object. The Toolkit reports connection timeouts more clearly. Fi es Enabled monitoring by Invoke-NaSysstat of LUNs owned by a vfiler. Add-NaNetVlan now works with 8.0.2. The -Gvrp switch can be used to enable GVRP on created VLAN interfaces. Minor documentation issues.

Permalink 575 Visualiza es 0 Comentrios Rtulos: virtulization, powershell, powershell_toolkit, automation, dataontap

Getting started with OCPM 22/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

Postado por sadhanab 30/10/2011

OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft(OCPM), formerl known as ApplianceWatch PRO, is an enterprise-class storage monitoring application that provides integration with Microsoft System Center Operations Manager(SCOM) and System Center Virtual Machine Manager(SCVMM) and enables administrators to monitor and manage and NetApp Storage. The following is a quick start guide for OCPM 3.0. Before getting started with OCPM however, please ensure that Microsoft SCOM and SCVMM are installed and configured. Make sure all installation requirements have been fulfilled and confirm proper functionality prior to proceeding with OCPM installation. Refer to the Microsoft documentation for SCOM, SCVMM, or Reporting for more details(
1. Download OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft from Required).
2. Install OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft: 1. Run OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft executable on SCOM server. 3. Discover Network Devices: 1. Open SCOM, Administration, click Discovery wizard and discover Network

2. Make sure SNMP isset up appropriately on SCOM server and NetApp storage prior

to running NetworkDevice Discovery. Please refer to OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft Installation and AdministrationGuide for configuring SNMP.
4. Add NetApp storage controller: 1. After Network Device Discovery is complete, go to Monitoring, Discovered

Inventory (make sure Discovered Inventory scope is set to Management Server), select Data ONTAP:Add Controller.
5. Add NetApp storage credentials: 1. Select DataONTAP: Manage Controller Credentials and provide the controller

credentials in the credentials manager. The getting started demo at illustrates the above steps to install OCPM and also to add and discover a NetApp storage controller. 6. Enable Discovery:
1. Go to Authoring,Rules, Filter & Look For: Data ONTAP: Discovery Rule under

Management Server (not Data ONTAP Management server). Enable PRO and MetroCluster discovery if installed and configured.
2. Right click rule, select Overrides, Override the Rule, For all objects of class:

ManagementServer, select Override for Enabled and set Override Value to True."Save all OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft overrides to a new Management Pack. The demonstration on enabling discovery is available here: "". 7. PRO Environments:
1. Install OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft Agent on all Hyper-V Parent Nodes

managed by SCVMM if monitoring is required by OnCommand Plug-in 3.0 for Microsoft. 8. Enable PRO tips: 23/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

1. From SCVMM Console, Administration, General, PRO Settings, Enable PRO tips.

PRO tips are covered in the OCPM virtualization demo available here: ""

Permalink 341 Visualizaes 0 Comentrios Rtulos: ocpm, netaapp_ocpm_3.0, ocpm_getting_started, ocpm_demo, ocpm_pro_tips, ocpm_discovery

Project Frankenvisor: virtualizing Hyper-V on VMware vSphere.

Postado por sizemore 28/10/2011 We re in the midst of several product refreshes and need to be able to test multiple daily builds of various products to determine if were heading in the right direction. With that in mind we started a project we deemed Frankenvisor, the single goal of this effort was to develop the ability to rapidly provision virtual Hyper-V clusters! Our research and testing lead to two initial configurations both based on the free hypervisors from VMware, and Microsoft. While we were able to virtualize HyperV on Hyper-V, we couldn t start any of the Virtual Machines. This is because Hyper-V cannot pass the VT bit to a guest VM. So we turned to VMware and it s recently released ESXi 5.0 free hypervisor. The 32GB vRAM cap wasn t going to let us create massive hosts, but our goal was large clusters. Thanks to this blog post from Veeam building the ESX version was a snap. What we were missing was the vhv.allow ESX parameter. Any guess as to what vhv stands for? After flipping the bit my guess is virtual Hyper-V, because once applied Hyper-V springs to life! Undocumented parameters aside it was time to build our gold master image, this was a simple matter of installing Server 2008 R2 Core, and several key features PowerShell, Hyper-V, and Remote Management. Gold master built we syspreped the VM, and started our provisioning. Simply being able to virtualize Hyper-V was only half the battle as we needed to develop a means to rapidly provision entire clusters. Fortunately, rapid provisioning is kind of our strong suit, and as you might guess here we turned to our Data ONTAP PowerShell Toolkit as the VM s in question were sitting on a NFS Export.
#Muttedtsoe on h aatr MutNCnrle -aevdt0-ot/o/maa on-aotolr Nm maa Ro vlvdt0 $ae='MV bs SH' 1.6 .1 FrahOjc oEc-bet $ae="0 10 "- $ae $ nm :0 f bs, _ #i drcoydenteitcet i f ietr os' xs rae t i (Nt(etPt "maa:$nm ") f -o Ts-ah vdt0\ ae ) mdr"maa:$nm " ki vdt0\ ae SatNCoe-oreah" ` tr-aln SucPt /o/maa/MV/MV-ltvd" -etntoPt "vlvdt0$nm /MV-ltvd" Dsiainah /o/maa/ ae SatNCoe-oreah"vlvdt0SH0SH0vd"` tr-aln SucPt /o/maa/MV/ -etntoPt "vlvdt0$nm / nm .mk Dsiainah /o/maa/ ae $ ae vd" Rmv-Srv vdt0 eoePDie maa



NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

Now the real fun began as we needed to script the creation of the VMs that would ultimatel leverage our newl cloned VHDs. For this we turned to an old friend PowerCLI, and whipped up a PowerShell script to provision the actual guest VMs.
Prm aa( $Mae='MV' VNm SH3 , $MKah='vdt0 SH0/MV3vd' VDPt [maa] , $xrOtos= Etapin @'oio.ita_xc=hrwr"'yevsrcudv''as' {mntrvrulee'"adae;hprio.pi.0=fle ) Poes rcs { $ofg=NwOjc Vwr.i.itaMcieofgpc-rpry@ cni e-bet MaeVmVrulahnCniSe Poet { 'ae =$Mae nm' VNm 'eso'="m-8 vrin vx0" 'usI'="idw7evr4us" getd wnosSre6Get 'ie'=NwOjc Vwr.i.itaMcieieno-rpry@ fls e-bet MaeVmVrulahnFlIf Poet { 'mahae =$MKahslt)0 vPtNm' VDPt.pi([] 'ol'=NwOjc Vwr.i.olCniIf -rpry@ tos e-bet MaeVmTosofgno Poet { 'fePwrn =$re atroeO' tu 'feRsm'=$re atreue tu 'eoeusSady =$re bfrGettnb' tu 'eoeusSudw'=$re bfrGethton tu 'eoeusRbo'=$re bfrGeteot tu 'uCU'=2 nmPs 'eoyB =89 mmrM' 12 'lg'=NwOjc Vwr.i.itaMcielgno-rpry@ fas e-bet MaeVmVrulahnFaIf Poet { 'itaMusg'="n vrulmUae o" 'itaEeUae ="vn vrulxcsg' hO" 'pFaueak =NwOjc Vwr.i.itaMciepIIfSe -rpry cuetrMs' e-bet MaeVmVrulahnCudnopc poet @ { 'prto'="dt oeain ei" 'no =NwOjc Vwr.i.otpIIf -rpry@ if' e-bet MaeVmHsCudno poet { 'ee'=1 lvl 'c'="----:----:----:----" ex --:----:----:---H:--

'xrcni'=Frah(Oto i $xrOtosGtnmrtr) { etaofg oec $pin n Etapin.eEueao() NwOjc Vwr.i.pinau -rpry@ e-bet MaeVmotovle Poet { 'e'=$pinKy Ky Oto.e 'au'=$pinVle Vle

'eiehne =@ dvcCag' ( NwOjc Vwr.i.itaDvcCniSe -rpry@ e-bet MaeVmVruleieofgpc Poet { 'prto'="d" oeain ad 25/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

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$ol=NwOjc Vwr.i.aaeOjcRfrne(RsucPo-aropo e-bet MaeVmMngdbeteeec "eoreolh-ot po" ol) 26/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

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Script in hand we quickly provisioned all VMs.

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Provisioning complete, it was time to get everything running. Since we were using PowerShell this was a superbly simple task. Leveraging the VIX integration and the Invoke-VMScript PowerCLI cmdlet we renamed all the hosts, and enabled PowerShell remoting, and then added everything to the domain.
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At this point we had 16 Hyper-V hosts running on ESX, and were able to use our existing processes and tools to configure the cluster, provision storage, and create test VMs. All in all it took a little over 2 hours to provision a full cluster, and all the software required for a test run. As you ll see in the coming months this ability will enable us to more rapidly evolve our product offerings in the Hyper-V space. We share this not to brag, but because we practice what we preach. To us storage efficiency, virtualization, and cloud are not buzzwords; they re a skill set, and our experience build real world solutions for our customers enables us leverage that collective 27/28


NetApp for Microsoft Environments ... NetApp Community

knowledge as we continue to innovation. We would have preferred to use Hyper-V, and thus be able to fully utilize our hardware, but fortunately we have a very deep roster at NetApp and had no trouble with vSphere. In fact had vSphere not worked we had several other hypervisors to try out. That said it did work, and being honest vSphere s ability to host a third party embedded hypervisor is quite impressive, and works surprisingly well!

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Rtulos: hyper-v, vmware, virtualization

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