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Overview on UE Modes, Mobility and Communication Management

- UE modes - Mobility Management and - Communication Management for CS and PS modes

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Oct-11

UE Modes
Idle mode (paging area is known; paging needed) UE is identified by non-access stratum identities such as IMSI, TMSI and P-TMSI UTRAN has no own information about the individual UEs in idle mode (no RRC connection) UTRAN can only address e.g. all UEs in a cell or all UEs monitoring a specific paging occasion Connected mode (cell or URA is known; RRC connection) connected mode is entered when the UTRAN establishes and maintains information about the individual UE (RRC connection) RRC connection is established between UE and Serving RNC UE is assigned a radio network temporary identity (U-RNTI and possibly a C-RNTI) to be used as UE identity on common transport channels (RACH, FACH, PCH) connected mode does not require assignment of physical channel resources
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

CS mode: Overview on Modes and States


UE MSC CM: call state (active, null) VLR MM state (detached, idle, connected) RNC Signaling connection RRC connection UE mode
MM: Mobility Management CM: Connection Management
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

GMSC HLR

CS Mobility Management States


MM in CS mode is highly related to connection management
no active call (nor signaling) MMIdle call completion call setup or LA update active call (or signaling) MMConnecte d cell known LA known (paging possible)

IMSI detach

IMSI attach or LA update (UE is switched on)

MMDetached UE switched off

LA unknown (no paging)


MM state is maintained in UE and MSC/VLR

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Oct-11

PS mode: Overview on Modes and States


UE SGSN SM: PDP context (active, inactive) HLR PMM state (detached, idle, connected) RNC Signaling connection RRC connection UE mode
PMM: Packet Mode Mobility Management (also GMM GPRS Mobility Management) SM: Session Management
Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

GGSN

UMTS Networks

Session Management (SM)


Fundamental differences of PS mode
Connection (e.g. voice, CS data) clearly defined start and end no burstiness
connection setup connection release Differences require different solutions to mobility mgmt and communication mgmt minutes

Packet session (e.g. web surfing) start and end times are typically unknown to the UMTS system traffic is highly bursty
hours

seconds
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

PS Mobility Management States


M S M M S ta te s 3 G -S G S N M M S ta te s

PM MDETACHED

PM MDETACHED

GPRS detach
P S D e ta c h

D e ta c h , P S A tta c h R e je c t, P S D e ta c h P S A tta c h P S A tta c h R A U R e je c t

D e ta c h , P S A tta c h R e je c t, R A U R e je c t

GPRS attach
P S S ig n a lli n g C o n n e c t i o n R e le a s e P M M -ID L E S M - A C T IV E o r IN A C T IV E P S S ig n a lli n g C o n n e c t i o n E s t a b lis h

P S S ig n a lli n g PMM CO NNECTED S M - A C T IV E o r IN A C T IV E P M M -ID L E S M - A C T IV E o r IN A C T IV E P S S ig n a lli n g C o n n e c t i o n E s t a b lis h C o n n e c t i o n R e le a s e PMMCO NNECTED S M - A C T IV E o r IN A C T IV E

Paging only (no signaling connection between MS and SGSN)

Signaling connection between MS and SGSN (addressing by U-RNTI)

S e r v in g R N C r e lo c a t i o n

PS Mobility Management (PMM) is independent of Session Management (SM), e.g. availability of IP address & traffic activity
PMM is independent of the number and state of PDP contexts for the subscriber In both the PMM-IDLE and the PMM-CONNECTED states, session management may or may not have activated a PDP context (assigned a dynamic IP address)

U-RNTI: UTRAN - Radio Network Temporary Identity Source: 3GPP 23.060-4.1.0


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Oct-11

Session Management PS Mode


States of SM (state of PDP contexts) inactive: no packet data transfer, no valid routing information active: packet data transfer possible, valid routing information Dominant packet data protocol (PDP): IP Attributes of packet session: PDP context defines all parameters of the packet data session by end-to-end attributes and QoS one PDP context per PS services with a certain QoS, e.g. for web serving, streaming video, packet voice, etc.

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Oct-11

Session Management: States of PDP Context


GPRS subscription

A GPRS subscription contains the subscription of one or more IP addresses Each IP address is described by one or more PDP contexts in the MS, SGSN, and GGSN Each PDP context is associated with A QoS profile a traffic flow template (TFT) to discriminate flows sharing the same PDP address Every PDP context exists independently in one of two PDP states The PDP state indicates whether data transfer is enabled for that PDP address and TFT or not
Oct-11

PDP address

PDP context

PDP state active

PDP state inactive

Reference: 3G 23.060, ch 9
UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Session Management: States of PDP Context


Inactive state: no valid routing or mapping information to process data related to PDP address -> no data transfer -> no updates due to location changes (even in GPRS-attached states) PDP context activation (transition to active state): MS-initiated PDP context activation network-requested PDP context activation

P D P C o n te x t IN A C T IV E

A c tiv a te P D P C o n te x t D e a c tiv a te P D P C o n te x t o r P M M -D E T A C H E D

P D P C o n te x t A C T IV E

Reference: 3G 23.060, ch 9
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

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Session Management: States of PDP Context


Active state: valid routing or mapping information to process data related to PDP address (MS, SGSN, GGSN) Requires MM state PMM-idle or PMM-connected -> data transfer possible -> updates due to location changes PDP context deactivation: PDP context deactivation procedure MM state changes to PMMdetached PDP context modification, e.g. to modify QoS profile
Oct-11

P D P C o n te x t IN A C T IV E

A c tiv a te P D P C o n te x t D e a c tiv a te P D P C o n te x t o r P M M -D E T A C H E D

P D P C o n te x t A C T IV E

Reference: 3G 23.060, ch 9
UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

11

Relation between PDP Context and MM


GPRS subscription

Relation between MM and PDP states: All PDP contexts of a subscriber are associated with the same MM context for the IMSI of that subscriber

PDP address Single MM context PDP PDP context context

PDP context

PDP context

The MM state is independent of the number and state of PDP contexts for the subscriber
In both the PMM-IDLE and the PMM-CONNECTED states, session management may or may not have activated a PDP context
Oct-11

PDP state active

PDP state inactive

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

12

RRC Connection, Signaling Connection


C o re N e tw o rk

Iu RNS

Iu

RNS Iu r RNC RNC

signaling connection

UTRAN

Iu b N ode B

Iu b N ode B

Iu b N ode B

Iu b N ode B

RRC connection -> connected mode


UE

RRC connections and signaling connections are logical links


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim Oct-11

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Relations between CM/SM, MM/PMM, RRC States and UE modes


CM/SM state(s) Subscription (UE-SGSN-GGSN)
Core Network MM/PMM state (UE, SGSN, HLR) Signaling connection (UE-SGSN) RRC state (UE-RNC) UE UE mode

PDP address

inactive

active

detached

idle

connected

none

yes

UTRAN

idle

connected

idle
Paging using TMSI/P-TMSI

connected
Addressing using RNTI
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UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mckenheim

Oct-11