Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

68 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Faith For Healing Is Based On Knowledge.docx
- HEALING BALM.doc
- Receiving Comes Before Giving
- Burning Fire SHUT UP in my BONES!
- The Multiplication of Seed
- Raised With Him – Kenyon
- The Reality of Redemption
- Waves
- When Your Prayers Seem Unanswered.docx
- 2014/07/20 The Promise Of Protection - Joseph Prince (Sermon Summary)
- Benson Idahosa
- God Reproducing Himself in Us
- Living the Lectionary - 4thSundayAfterPentecost
- Mark Scheme Trial PHYSICS 2013 Sem 3
- God’s Word - The Seed Of His Blessing - Article
- Seedtime Outline
- Why Have the People Failed
- The Integrity of the Word
- The Price is Paid
- Charles Capps God's Creative Power

You are on page 1of 14

Contents

1- Introduction. 2- Requirements for ideal fluid flow. 3- Relationships between stream function (), potential function () and velocity component. 4- Basic flow patterns. 5- Combination of basic flows. 6- Examples. 7- Problems sheet; No. 3

1- Introduction

Velocity vector

q = ui + vj + wk

q = u r r + u + wk

Divergence of q = q

q = u v w + + x y z

Continuity equation

q = 0

Or

u v w + + =0 x y z

w v u w v u q = y z i + z x j + x y k q = xi + y j + z k

1- non viscous. 2- incompressible. 3- q = 0 4- q = 0

3- Relationships between stream function (), potential function () and velocity component

u= = y x = v= x y In cylindrical coordinates :

1 = r r 1 = u = r r ur =

1- Uniform flow a- Uniform flow in the x- direction

2- Source flow

3- Sink flow

4- Doublet flow

Stream function and Potential function for Basic flow patterns: Type of flow Uniform flow in the x- direction uy ux Uniform flow in the y- direction -vx vy General uniform flow uy-vx ux+vy Source k k ln r Sink -k -k ln r sin cos Doublet Free vortex Note: k = strength of the source =

Q m or (= ) 2 2

2 r ln r 2 2 2 r

= q s ds

c

Circulation = vorticityarea = z A

1- Uniform flow and a source.

= Uy + k = U .r sin + k

ur = and u = = U . sin r

Q ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the 2

1 k = U . cos + r r

= Uy + k1 k 2 = Uy + k tan 1

y y k tan 1 x+b xb

u= =U + y k (x + b )1 + y x+b

2

k y 2 (x b )1 + x b

The dividing streamline ( = 0 ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the same shape, forming an oval called a Rankine oval. 3- Uniform flow and a doublet: (Non lifting flow over a cylinder)

= Uy sin 2 r

= U .r sin 1

where R2 =

R2 r2

2U

ur = and u = R2 = U . sin 1 + 2 r r R2 1 = U . cos 1 2 r r

The dividing streamline ( = 0 ) could be replaced by a solid surface of the same shape, forming a circular cylinder with radius R =

. 2U

Ps = Po + 1 U 2 1 4 sin 2 2

The pressure distribution is symmetrical around the cylinder and the resultant force developed on the cylinder = zero.

4- Doublet and free vortex in a uniform flow: (Lifting flow over a cylinder)

= U .r sin 1

R2 + ln r r 2 2

ur = and u = R2 = U . sin 1 + 2 r r 2r R2 1 = U . cos 1 2 r r

r = R ; sin = 4RU

b- ( < 4RU)

c- ( = 4RU)

d- ( > 4RU)

1 1 Ps = Po + U 2 2U . sin 2 2 2R

2

The lift force on the cylinder is Lift = UL where L = length of the cylinder

6- Examples:

1- Does the stream function ( = xy) represent a physically possible flow? If so, determine the velocity at a point (2,3). Solution:

2- A velocity potential in two-dimensional flow is given by ( = y+x2-y2); find the stream function for this flow. Solution:

3- A stream function in two-dimensional flow is ( = 9+6x-4y+7xy); find the velocity potential for this flow. Solution:

1- Show that the two-dimensional flow described by the equation = x + 2 x 2 2 y 2 is irrotational. Find the velocity potential for this flow. [ = y 4 xy + c ] 2- A certain flow field is described by the velocity potential = A ln r + Br cos where A and B are positive constants. Determine the corresponding stream function and locate any stagnation points in this flow field.

A A [ = A + Br sin + c ; ,0 , ] B B

3- The velocity components in a two-dimensional flow field for an incompressible fluid are expressed as: u =

y3 x3 . + 2 x x 2 y ; v = xy 2 2 y 3 3

a) show that these functions represents a possible case of irrotational flow. b) obtain expressions for the stream function and velocity potential. 4- The formula = 0.04 x 3 + axy 2 + by 3 represent the velocity potential of a two-dimensional ideal flow. Evaluate the constants a and b, and calculate the pressure difference between the points (0,0) and (3,4)m, if the fluid has density of 1300 kg/m3. [a = -0.12, b = 0 ; 5.85 kN/m2] 5- The two-dimensional flow of a non-viscous, incompressible fluid in the vicinity of the 90o corner of figure is described by the stream function = 2r 2 sin 2 . a) determine the corresponding velocity potential. b) if the pressure at point(1,0) on the wall is 30kPa, what is the pressure at point (0,0.5) , assume = 1000 kg/m3 , and x-y plane is horizontal. [ = 2r 2 cos 2 + c ; 36 kPa] 6- The stream function for an incompressible flow filed is given by the equation = 3tx 2 y ty 3 . Find the potential function and determine the flow rates across the faces of the triangular prism OAB shown in figure having a thickness of 5 units in the z-direction at time t = 1. [ = tx 3 3txy 2 + c ; 40; 0; 40]

Problem No. 5

Problem No.6

7- Prove that for a two-dimensional flow, the vorticity at a point is twice the rotation (angular velocity). 8- The pressure far from an irrotational vortex in the atmosphere is zero gage. If the velocity at r = 20 m is 20 m/s, find the velocity and pressure at r = 2 m. ( = 1.2 kg/m3) [200 m/s ; -23.76 kPa] 9- A non viscous incompressible fluid flow between wedge shaped-wall into small opening as shown in figure. The velocity potential which described the flow is = 2 ln r . Determine the volume rate of flow (per unit length) in the opening. [-/3 m3/s per m] 10- A source with strength 0.2/2 m3/s.m and a vortex with strength 1/2 m2/s are located at the origin. Determine the equations for velocity potential and stream function. What are the velocity components at x = 1 m , y = 0.5 m? [0.0285 m/s ; 0.143 m/s] 11- In an infinite two-dimensional flow filed, a sink of strength 3/2 m3/s.m is located at the origin, and another of strength 4/2 m3/s.m at (2 , 0). What is the magnitude and direction of the velocity at point (0 , 2). [0.429 m/s ; -68.22o] 12- Flow over a plane half-body is studied by utilizing a free-stream at 5 m/s superimposed on a source at the origin. The body has a maximum width 2 m. Calculate: a) the coordinates of the stagnation point. b) the width of the body at the origin. c) the velocity at a point (0.5 , /2). [(0.32 , ) ; 1 m ; 5.93 m/s] 13- The shape of a hill arising from a plain can be approximated with the top section of a half-body as is shown in figure. The height of the hill approaches 61 m. When a 18 m/s wind blows toward the hill, what is the magnitude of the air velocity at point (2) above the origin. What is the elevation of point (2) and what is the difference in pressure between [21.34 m/s ; 30.5 m ; 448.83 Pa] point (1) and point (2). (air = 1.23 kg/m3) 14- A circular cylinder 0.5 m diameter rotates at 600 rpm in a uniform stream of 15 m/s. Locate the stagnation points. Calculate the minimum rotational speed for detached stagnation point in the same uniform flow. [-31.6 o and -148.4o ; 1146 rpm] 15- A circular cylinder 20 m long is placed in a uniform stream of 100 m/s (= 0.7 kg/m3). The lift force generated by the cylinder is 2100 kN. The stagnation points are at (-60o and -120o). Derive a relationship between the locations of the stagnation points and the circulation around the cylinder. Calculate the diameter of the cylinder. [2.75 m]

Problem No. 9

Problem No. 13

- Faith For Healing Is Based On Knowledge.docxUploaded bynoxa
- HEALING BALM.docUploaded byOdd Dets
- Receiving Comes Before GivingUploaded byIbrahim Isaac
- Burning Fire SHUT UP in my BONES!Uploaded byLew White
- The Multiplication of SeedUploaded byDr. A.L. and Joyce Gill
- Raised With Him – KenyonUploaded byangelkimi
- The Reality of RedemptionUploaded byLisa
- WavesUploaded byantonycuttack
- When Your Prayers Seem Unanswered.docxUploaded bynoxa
- 2014/07/20 The Promise Of Protection - Joseph Prince (Sermon Summary)Uploaded byDipankar Kuzzuk Subba
- Benson IdahosaUploaded bysnehalraj
- God Reproducing Himself in UsUploaded byLisa
- Living the Lectionary - 4thSundayAfterPentecostUploaded byJay Winters
- Mark Scheme Trial PHYSICS 2013 Sem 3Uploaded byZuraini Arshad
- God’s Word - The Seed Of His Blessing - ArticleUploaded bysunil C
- Seedtime OutlineUploaded byaniemekesamuel
- Why Have the People FailedUploaded byLisa
- The Integrity of the WordUploaded byLisa
- The Price is PaidUploaded byLisa
- Charles Capps God's Creative PowerUploaded byHighly Anointed
- EW Kenyon and His Message of FaithUploaded bySamuel Mohau Hlonyana
- 2007-03-04 : Can You Drink the Cup I Am Going to Drink?Uploaded bylifechurch
- Be an Example of the BelieversUploaded bykavahei
- GR Vol4iss1 (Web)Uploaded byTreasure Image and Publishing
- 112956153-Seed-Faith-2000-PDFUploaded byremminger
- God-Inside MindedUploaded byLisa
- GR Vol1iss3 WebUploaded byTreasure Image and Publishing
- Joshua Ch02Uploaded byliving2serve
- EW Kenyon This Jesus Kind of LoveUploaded byEugene Yeboah

- cad/cam/question bankUploaded byganesh_withucad
- Applied Thermodynamic notesUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CS-GATE'13Uploaded byVinothsaravanan Ramakrishnan
- relaiabilityUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- racUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- arc weldingUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- MathematicsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- GATE EEUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- questionsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- gate meUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- GATE_ECUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- ME_solutionsUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Question Bank.pdfUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- Arc-Welding-2.Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- ukdividend_factsheetUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CH-GATE-2012Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- CE_GATE_2012_Key.Uploaded byMukesh Kumar
- ignou cncUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- GATE CE 2012 Question PaperUploaded bybhustlero0o
- Calculus Cheat Sheet DerivativesUploaded bysofttamil
- cncUploaded byMukesh Kumar
- strength of materialsUploaded bySaurabh Sharma
- Calculus Cheat Sheet Limits Definitions Limit at Infinity :Uploaded byapi-11922418
- 1Uploaded bynaruto20254663
- Mech_All.pdfUploaded bytoshugo
- khairulUploaded byaviraj2006
- Introduction to CncUploaded byRameshkumar Kandaswamy
- Statics and Strength of Materials Formula SheetUploaded byRichard Tseng
- june_06_FABUploaded byBookMaggot

- Alkyl GroupsUploaded byjojkokno
- STABILITY INDICATING RP-HPLC METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR ESTIMATION OF DALFAMPRIDINE IN ITS BULK AND FORMULATIONUploaded byIJAR Journal
- 4,4'-Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate _ C15H10N2O2 - PubChemUploaded byTiago Rodrigues
- Chemistry-chapter-9-Alloys.pptxUploaded byJian Jet Lee
- 1998-Heinfling-AEM-64-2788Uploaded byErika Canales Ide
- PolymerizationUploaded byRamana Mv M V
- Revision Notes on Waves & Sound Waves _ AskIITiansUploaded byRupeshSonkamble
- FL SOPUploaded bySara Johnson
- DislocationsUploaded bypavankcvs
- Modelling Agglomerations Gas HydratesUploaded byEric Mauricio Gonzalez Fontalvo
- A Selection of Generally Used or Traded Scheduled ChemicalsUploaded byHovoFunny
- Analysis of Polymers ATR FTIR AnUploaded byanbuchelvan
- ass1Uploaded byWilfBerT
- Experiment No. 1 CalorimetryUploaded byElah Mae Evangelista Quintila
- methanation catalystUploaded byBạch Trung Phú
- Redox Properties and Prooxidant Cytotoxicity of Benzofuroxans-2009-Chemija_VOL_20_p109-115Uploaded byJonas Sarlauskas
- Thermo QuestionsUploaded byHimanshu Vasistha
- 5_a Thermodynamics and HeatUploaded byProf.Dr.Mohamed Fahmy Mohamed Hussein
- Physical GeologyUploaded byVoosky Gzero
- Carbonate AnalysisUploaded byPaschal Bartholomeo Maziku
- Polyester Based Hybrid Organic CoatingsUploaded byUsama Awad
- Summary of Qualitative TestsUploaded bydanavalerie
- Moving Charge and MagnetismUploaded byKAPIL SHARMA
- 9 Science Work and Energy Test 01 Answer 98h4Uploaded bymdtowfiq010
- Simple PendulumUploaded byMaliha Khan
- Liquid Liquid ExtractionUploaded bybh72
- AlldKetAcidDerAcidUploaded byMartyna Równiak
- 1-s2.0-S0307904X08000267-mainUploaded byAshwani Kansara
- Modern Recovery Methods in Used Oil Re-refiningUploaded byrickescher
- Semiconductor-Physics-Part-II-GATE-Problem.pdfUploaded byUdai Singh