v=OQArtolqP4k Folk music Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival. The term originated in the 19th century but is often applied to music that is older than that. Certain types of folk music are also called world music. Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted by mouth, as music of the lower classes, and as music with unknown composers. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. One meaning often given is that of old songs, with no known composers; another is music that has been transmitted and evolved by a process of oral transmission or performed by custom over a long period of time. A consistent definition of traditional folk music is elusive. The terms folk music, folk song, and folk dance are comparatively recent expressions. They are extensions of the term folk lore, which was coined in 1846 by the English antiquarian William Thoms to describe "the traditions, customs, and superstitions of the uncultured classes."[2] The term is further derived from the German expression Volk, in the sense of "the people as a whole" as applied to popular and national music by Johann Gottfried Herder and the German Romantics over half a century earlier.[3] Traditional folk music also includes most indigenous music Music in this genre is also often called traditional music. Although the term is usually only descriptive, in some cases people use it as the name of a genre. For example, the Grammy Award previously used "traditional music" for folk music that is not contemporary folk music. [edit]Characteristics From a historical perspective, traditional folk music had these characteristics:[11] It was transmitted through an oral tradition. Before the twentieth century, ordinary farm workers and factory workers were usually illiterate. They acquired songs by memorizing them. Primarily, this was not mediated by books, recorded or transmitted media. Singers may extend their repertoire using broadsheets, song books or CDs, but these secondary enhancements are of the same character as the primary songs experienced in the flesh. The music was often related to national culture. It was culturally particular; from a particular region or culture. In the context of an immigrant group, folk music acquires an extra dimension for social cohesion. It is particularly conspicuous in the United States, where Polish Americans, Scottish Americans, Irish Americans, Asian Americans and others strive to emphasize their differences from the mainstream. They learn songs and dances that originate in the countries their grandparents came from. They commemorate historical and personal events. On certain days of the year, such as Easter, May Day and Christmas, particular songs celebrate the yearly cycle. Weddings, birthdays and funerals may also be noted with songs, dances and special costumes. Religious festivals often have a folk music component. Choral music at these events brings children and non-professional singers to participate in a public arena, giving an emotional bonding that is unrelated to the aesthetic qualities of the music. North Africa Oceania and Australia: Polynesia. As a side-effect. Northern. The relevant factors may include instrumentation. Australasia. A particular rhythmic pattern. which explains their episodic structure and often their in medias res plot developments. Caucasus and South Asia Europe: Northern. Micronesia Sub-Saharan Africa: East. almost every folk song that is recorded is credited with an arranger. Melanesia. Hundreds of folk songs from the nineteenth century have known authors but have continued in oral tradition to the point where they are considered traditional for purposes of music publishing. Fusion of cultures: In the same way that people can have a mixed The songs have been performed. Central. Equally an electric guitar can be added to an old song. Western and Southern Europe Middle East and North Africa: Southwest Asia. Southeast. tunings. so too music can be a blend of influences. This encompasses such forms as traditional epic poetry. Central.http://www. sometimes accompanied by instruments. Southern. voicings. is enough to give a traditional feel to music. much of which was meant originally for oral performance. The American conception of "folk composition" has often drawn on Afro-American music. usually several generations. Southeastern. Eastern. even when it has been composed recently. the following characteristics are sometimes present: There is no copyright on the songs. with parents originating in different continents. This has become much less frequent since the 1940s. The young are usually much less offended by the dilution or adaptation of songs this way. and even production methods. it is possible to categorise them by subject matter: War song Anti-war song Sea shanty . Central and West Africa As well as dividing songs according to geography. Narrative verse looms large in the traditional folk music of many cultures. Other forms of traditional narrative verse relate the outcomes of battles and other Accordion banjo didgeridoo guitar harmonica mandolin and octave mandolin ocarina Snare Drum ukulele violin vuvuzela North. Many epic poems of various cultures were pieced together from shorter pieces of traditional narrative verse. by custom. or a characteristic instrument. Today. South American and the Caribbean Asia: East. Armenian traditional musicians. It is easy to recognize the presence of a bagpipe or a tabla in a piece of music. subject matter. over a long period of time.

youtube.. Paul and Mary Judy Collins The Seekers .http://www. Ian Tyson and Sylvia Fricker .com/watch?v=OQArtolqP4k Drinking song Work song Love song Child Ballads (tragic ballads) Protest song Murder ballad Sporting song Other folk music relates to social events: Christmas carol Pub session 1. Australian Canada.Woody Guthrie The Almanac Singers Burl Ives Pete Seeger The Weavers Harry Belafonte Odetta The Limeliters The Chad Mitchell Trio The Highwaymen The New Christy Minstrels The Serendipity Singers Bob Dylan Peter.

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