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This project titled Online Course Portal for a Campus is a web
based application for the online implementation which can be used for a campus or organization for proving it for usage by all the people means to use it at any moment and at any time from any place. The project serve administrator to view the details of faculty and students and maintain their database in an efficient and effective manner so that their maintenance will be easy. The services providing for administrator are approving the faculty and students, maintain the personal details of faculty and students, add/delete the courses, consign a announcement regarding the course, activate the exam paper for a test, view the discussion board and feedbacks, provides certification to the students and salaries to the faculty. The services provided to the faculty are the faculty can view and update their personal details, upload the content for a course, conduct a test for the students, and places key and results of a test, view the discussion board and feedbacks and reply to the students. The services provided to the students are view and update their details, view the content of a course, take a test and view the key and result of a exam, add/view the discussion, gives feedback to the admin or faculty. Whenever anything is modified by the users, then the modified data, about the person who updated is maintained in the database. By this we are providing security to the users.
The Online Course Portal for a Campus systems will include
To create a course, by providing the course title and description. To approve faculty members for a Course. To maintain the details of faculty members and student of a Course. To view all the students and faculty members. To view and publish announcements regarding course. To view discussion board. To view the course content. Scheduling the work. Receiving the Feedbacks.
To view their profile. To view their salary details. To view all the students of a course. Providing the course content to the students. To view the course content. To create course announcements. To view discussion board. Conducting tests of multiple choice questions to the students of a course. To maintain exam key and exam result.
1.3 STUDENT To view / update their profile. To update their password. To register to a course. To view announcements and discussion board. To take a test. To view contents of a course. To mail feedback.
SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
2.1 HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
Server Ram Processor Client Ram Processor : 128MB : Any Processor : 512MB : Pentium– II processor or equivalent
Hard Disk : 40GB
Hard Disk : 20GB
2.2 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
Server Operating System : Windows NT /95/98/XP Database Web Server Client Operating System : Any Operating System with : Oracle8i : Apache Tomcat 4.0/0.5
then it is not feasible to develop the product.1 FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility study is an important phase in the software development process.1 ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY It refers to the benefits or outcomes we are deriving from the product compared to the total cost we are spending for developing the product.0/0. It enables the developer to have an assessment of the product being developed It refers to the feasibility study of the product in terms of outcomes of the product.6 is supported. operational use and technical support required for implementing it. If the benefits are more or less the same as the older system. The various feasibility studies are: Economic Feasibility Operational Feasibility Technical Feasibility 3.6 SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS 3. 5 .0/0.IE 5.1. Feasibility study should be performed on the basis of various criteria and parameters. Browser : Internet Explorer Version 5.
It just needs a mouse click to do any sort of application. 3.1. the development of the new product greatly enhances the accuracy of the system and cuts short the delay in the processing of application. Here we don’t need any additional equipment except memory of required capacity. It also studies the additional training needed to be given to the people to make the application work.3 TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY It refers to whether the software that is available in the market fully supports the present application. It studies the pros and cons of using particular software for the development and its feasibility. This is achieved 6 . so the Developed system is operationally feasible. No need for spending money on client for maintenance because the database used is web enabled database. The errors can be greatly reduced and at the same time providing a great level of security.2 OPERATIONAL FEASIBILITY It refers to the feasibility of the product to be operational. Some products may work very well at design and implementation but may fail in the real time environment. In the present system. all the operations can be performed easily compared to existing system and supports for the backlog data. The software that is used for developing is server pages fully are highly suitable for the present application since the users require fast access to the web pages and with a high degree of security. the user interface is user friendly and does not require much expertise and training.1. It was found that the additional modules added are isolated modules as far as the operational is concerned. Hence there is need for additional analysis.In the present system. 3. It includes the study of additional human resource required and their technical expertise. In the present system.
2 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN The main plan for the system developed is to upgrading existing system to the proposed system. the new system is dropped and the older system is taken at the start point again.2.3 PHASE-IN METHOD 7 .1 PARALLEL RUN SYSTEM It is the most secure method of converting from an existing to new system.2 DIRECT CUT -OVER METHOD In this approach a working version of the system is implemented in one part of the organization such as single work area or department. During that period if any serious problems were identified while using the new system.through integration of web server and database server in the same environment. In this approach both the systems run in parallel for a specific period of time. 3. When the system is deemed complete it is installed through out the organization either all at once (direct cut-over) or gradually (phase-in). 3. There are mainly 4 methods of upgrading the existing system to proposed Parallel Run System Direct Cut-Over System Pilot System Phase-in Method 3.2. 3.2.
The upgraded system is working well and is implemented on the client successfully.3 IMPLEMENTATION PLANED USED The workflow Management system is developed on the basis of “Parallel Run Method” because we upgraded the system. Like most systems that life cycle of the computer-based system also exhibits distinct phases. The system already in use is treated as the old system and the new system is developed on the basis of the old system and maintained the standards processed by the older system. which describe the system’s life cycle model for developing software project. Development Phase 4. Those are. 3. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of system activities.1 GENERAL METHODOLOGY IN DEVELOPING SOFTWARE PROJECT The general methodology in developing a system in involved in different phases. which is already in use to fulfill the requirements of the client. 1. 3. Requirement Analysis Phase 2. Coding Phase 5. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed.In this method a part of the system is first implemented and over time other remaining parts are implemented. Design Phase 3. Testing Phase 8 .3.
The design phase is of main importance because in this activity.1.3. coding generation and testing.3 DEVELOPMENT PHASE The development phase includes choosing of suitable software to solve the particular problem given. the purpose of the evaluation for problem to be known. the software design involves three technical activities: design.1.1 REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS PHASE This phase includes the identification of the problem. decisions ultimately affect the success of software implementation and maintenance. One of the software requirements have been analyzed and specified.2 DESIGN PHASE Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of software. The design phase leads to modules that exhibit independent functional characteristics. the software is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions.1.3.4 CODING PHASE 9 . we have to know information about the problem. The various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software give a better development of the problem.3. 3. It even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with the external environment.3. 3. We have to clearly know about the client’s requirements and the objectives of the project. in order to identify the problem.e. 3.1. The design of the system is in modular form i.3.
Providing content for number of courses at a time is a tedious task. Possibility of missing lectures.5 PROPOSED SYSTEM 10 . 3. Major problem is to maintain the information of all the registered users. Conducting exam and announcing results for such courses is very hard and it is a time consuming process. which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design. 3. 3. hesitation in asking doubts.3.The coding phase is for translating the design of the system-produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language. Drawbacks of Existing System Limited to classroom. At times.5 TESTING PHASE Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm. sample data debugging is also one of following the above testing.4 EXISTING SYSTEM Up to now the existing system is a system in which every thing is used to maintain manually by the institution. programming code.1.
Discussion board will help u ask doubts in privacy. Because this is also done in online. The system contains all the up-to-date information and stores information about all the latest courses and registered users.The proposed system is fully computerized. All the information about the faculty and students can be maintained in an efficient and effective manner. 11 . Advantages of the proposed system Simulates an international classroom. Proposed system is an online application that can be accessed throughout the organization and outside as well with proper login provided. Saves a lot of time by conducting exams at a time for particular courses. No possibility of missing lectures. which removes all the drawbacks of existing system.
The primary activity during data design is to select logical representations of data objects identified during requirement analysis and software analysis. We have data design. Design process is in between the analysis and implementation process.4. A data dictionary should be established and used to define both data and program design. A data dictionary explicitly represents the relationships among data objects and constraints on the elements of the data structure. These are explained in the following section.1 DESIGN Design of software involves conceiving. architectural design and user interface design in the design process. SOFTWARE DESIGN 4. testing and maintenance activities. The goal of design process is to provide a blue print for implementation. The following design diagrams (Data Flow Diagrams and E-R Diagrams) make it easy to understand and implement 12 . planning out and specifying the externally observable characteristics of the software product.
1 SYSTEM DESIGN OR TOP LEVEL DESIGN In the system design the focus is on deciding which modules are needed for the system.1. Client – server. Trace ability. on the other hand. Detailed Design or Logical Design. No 13 . 4.1. Some properties for a software system design are • • • • • Verifiability.2 CLIENT SERVER MODEL When an architect designs a building. Completeness. he has a vision of the finished product and produces a result based on that vision. is more like Darwinian model of evolution of a living species. System Design or Top Level Design. the specification of these modules and how these modules should be interconnected. Simplicity/Understandability. 4.2 DETAILED DESIGN OR LOGICAL DESIGN In detailed design the interconnection of the modules or how the specifications of the modules can be satisfied is decided. 4.The design process for software system has two levels. 1. Consistency.
reading input transaction in a ‘batch’. day-today events and gradual changes affect it over time in reaction to those events. replacement and insertion. Record retrieval was usually a set of subroutines embedded in the updating program. This new function was separated from the application code and involved defining the structure of the database. and so forth. Since it was function had to be introduced database administration. the power can be spread across the client and the server. Advantages of Client – Server Model The hardware and software can be placed where it will do the most good. value ranges backup. an Active X object is used to present data By having the client side it can do more work The client software supplies the interface (Such as windowed program) and the knowledge of how to pass the request to the server and the 14 . Much of the time database functions in the application included retrieval.one has a vision of the finished products. and the output was paper. In Client – Server model PCs. rollback. rather. Database processing was one of the first major functions to be removed from application control. Common functions gradually migrated from the application to the operating system. On client side. In the beginning. processing them against a data store. application was fairly simple.
format of the data for the user when it’s returned from the server.3 UML DIAGRAMS UML APPROACH UML stands for Unified Modeling Language. Software design is a process that gradually changes as various new. The server’s job is to manipulate the data according to the user’s request. 4. This is the step while developing any product after analysis. visualizing and documenting the system. The representation of the entities that are to be used in the product being developed need to be designed. There are various kinds of methods in software design. They are as follows : Use case Diagram Sequence Diagram Activity Diagram 15 . better and more complete methods with a broader understanding of the of the whole problem in general come into existence. UML is a language for specifying. The goal from this is to produce a model of the entities involved in the project which later need to be built.
either human or technological. The stick man represents what’s called an actor. 16 . and everything outside are actors (basically not part of system). Use case diagrams can be useful for getting an overall view of the system and clarifying who can do and more importantly what they can’t do. An actor represents an outside entity. Notice the curved rectangle on the diagram this represents the system boundary everything inside that is part of that system.3. Use case Diagram consists of use cases and actors and shows the interaction between the use case and actors. In this example its human (Stick man). Class Diagram State Chart Diagram 4. The purpose is to show the interactions between use cases and actor.1 USECASE DIAGRAMS Use case diagrams model behavior within a system and helps the developers understand of what the user require.
3. It must be remembered that the use-cases are the functions that are to be performed in the module. An actor could be the end-user of the system or an external system. 4. To represent the system requirements from user’s perspective.1.1 USECASE FOR ADMINISTRATOR 17 .
3.1.L og in C re at e a C ou rs e A pp ro ve F a c u lt y V iew S t u de n t s /F a c u lt y A dm in P u blis h A nn ou nc em en t s V iew C o urs e C o nte nt S c he du le W ork R ec ie ve F e ed b a c k P a y m e nt o f S a la ry 4.2 USECASE FOR FACULTY 18 .
3.3 USECASE FOR STUDENT 19 .R egis ter fo r a C ou rs e A p prova l fro m A dm in Login V iew / U pd ate P rofile V iew S alary D etails F ac ulty V ie w S tude nts P rovide C o ntent V iew D ic c us s io n/C la rify D oub ts C on duc t Tes t V iew R es ults 4.1.
Login Register Update/View Profile View Announcement/diccussions Student Study Course Content Take test Feedback 4.3.4 USECASE FOR SYSTEM 20 .1.
lo g in vie w fa c u lty a p p ro ve fac ulty fa c u lty lo g in a d d /d e le t e c o u rs e s a dd /d e le t e s t u de n t s pp ayym ee nt t a m n U p lo a d C o n te n t V iew C o n ten t A d m in P u b lis h a n n o n c e m e n t F a c u lt y D is c u s s io n b o ard exam F eedback S t u den t 21 .
5. 3. Use-Case ID Use-Case Name Priority1 Stability2 Verifiability3 1. 7.The table below offers a consolidated view of the Use-Cases. Detailed descriptions of the use cases are given in the Use-Case Specification section following this table. 6. Medium or Low 2 Stability: Stable / Unstable 3 Verifiability: Verifiable / Not Verifiable 22 . 2. Faculty Login View Courses Payments Add/delete Students High High High High Stable Stable Stable Stable Verifiable Verifiable Verifiable Verifiable 1 Priority: High. Login View Faculty Approve Faculty High High High Stable Stable Stable Verifiable Verifiable Verifiable 4.
Upload course content High Stable Verifiable 10. Feedbacks High Stable Verifiable 4.2 SEQUENCE DIAGRAM 23 .8. Add/delete Courses High Stable Verifiable 9. Discussion Board High Stable Verifiable 13. Exams High Stable Verifiable 14. View Contents High Stable Verifiable 11. Publish Announcement s High Stable Verifiable 12.3.
In other Words. we call it mapping processes in terms of data transfers from the actor through corresponding objects.3. 4.The purpose is to show of the functioning through a use case.2.1 SEQUENCE DIAGRAM FOR REGISTRATION 24 . It must be remembered that the sequence diagram display Objects and not the classes. To represent the logical flow of data with respect to a process.
3.2.2 EXAM 25 .Admin Faculty Student View Faculty Approve Faculty View Students Recieves payment add/delete students 4.
3 DISCUSSIONS 26 .2.Admin Faculty Student Announcement for Exam Set the paper for Exam Activate Exam Take a test Place Reults View Results 4.3.
3.3 ACTIVITY DIAGRAM 27 .Admin Faculty Student Publish Announcements Publish Announcements Publish announcements Upload Content View Conents Queries Place Answers Add Feedback View Feebacks View Feedbacks 4.
4 CLASS DIAGRAM 28 . Activity diagrams can show activities that are conditional or parallel.3. Li on g A i dn m Sd t t e un Vw i e Fu a ly ct Vwo s i Cr e e u Ce r ag y t o Fu a ly ct Ri t r es ge de f c et a l e l g f rf c on a i o L i fr on g o Sd t t e un A r vF po a p e c Vw i e Pfe ri o l Vw i e Sd t t es un Vw i e Pf e ri o l Ua pt de Da e is t l S Ua t pt u de D is el t a P m. .Activity diagrams describe the workflow behavior of a system. The activity diagrams are similar to state diagrams because activities are the state of doing something .The diagrams describe the State of activities by showing the sequence of activities performed. a e y . Sd t t e un Ua p d l o Ct n oe n t Vw i e Ct n oe n t Cd t ou nc Em x a Se l c de hu Tk as s Pc l e a Ru e ls st Te a a k Em x a Vw i e Ru e ls st A d d a o cmt n u ee nn n Vw i e A o cmt n u ees nn n Vw i e dcsi n i u o s s s A /i w dv de dcsi n i u o s s Vw i e Fd c ebk ea Fu a ly ct sd t t e un A d d Fdc ebk ea Lo ou gt 4.
The private attributes are represented by a padlock to left of the name. The diagram break the class into three layers. The relationships are drawn between the classes. One has the name . Developers use the Class Diagram to develop the classes. This is one of the most important of the diagrams in development. 29 . Analyses use it to show the details of the system.the second describes its attributes and the third its methods. Architects look at class diagrams to see if any class has too many functions and see if they are required to be split.
.3. <<Interface>> Admin (from directory) CourseDetails Name : String Price : Integer LoginId : String Password : String createCourse() approveFaculty() publishAnnouncements() scheduleWork() payment() 1:N 1:M Student Name : String StudId : String Pswd : String Email : String Address : String register() studyContent() takeExam() viewResult() placeDicussion() N:M N:1 Faculty FacId : String Pswd : String Name : String Course : String EmailId : String Address : String Qualificatin : :String register() provideContent() conductTest() viewResults() viewDiscussion() Course Coursecode : String CouseName : String Price : Integer 1:M addtoCart() remove() DiscussionBoard CourseName : String Query : String N:M Registration Name : String LoginId : String Pswd : String EmailId : String Address : String 4. Most of the objects in a complex system maintain states.5 STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM The purpose is to model various states in which an object can exist. depending upon which modifies its behavior. 30 .
5. 4. It is method for describing the system’s architecture in detail on various behaviors of the component. they are Merely for documentation.3. Implementation takes start state and stop state. The details are not used for generating the code by Rational Rose.1 ADMINISTRATOR A D M IN L o g in V iew D e t a ils V ie w F a c u lt y A p p ro ve F a c u lt y P lac e A n no u nc e m e nt V ie w F eedback Id l e U p d ate D e t a ils R e c ie ve s P a y m en ts A d d / d e le t e S tude nts V iew D i s u s s io n Lo g out 31 .
126.96.36.199.4.2 FACULTY Faculty Login Register Update Details Conduct E xam A dd/view Discus sion Idle V iew Details Update Content Place Res ults V iew Feedbac k Logout 4.3 STUDENT S TUD E NT L o g in R e g is t e r U p d a te D e t a ils A d d / vie w D is u s s io n A dd Fedback id le V ie w Te k e a E xam V ie w R e s u lt Logout 32 .
2 MODULE FOR ADMINISTRATOR LEVEL 0: ADMINISTRATOR .1 DATAFLOW DIAGRAMS LEVEL 0 faculty student Online Course portal administrator 188.8.131.52.6.LOGIN SERVICE administrator Login id Login services valid services invalid 33 .6.3.6 DATAFLOW DIAGRAMS 4.
LEVEL 1: ADMINIS TRATOR -SERVICES View courses Add a course View content administrator access services Maintain Details of faculty Receive feedbacks View Discussion board Publish Announcement On a course LEVEL 2: ADMINIS TRA TOR-A DD A COURSE administrator add Add a course course 34 .
SERVICES View profile View students faculty access services Add content View Discussion board Add Question Paper logout 35 .6.3.LOGIN SE RVICE faculty Login id Login services valid services invalid LEVEL 1: FACULTY.4.3 MODULE FOR FACULTY LEVEL 0: FACULTY.
LEVEL 2: FACULTY -ADD QUES TION PAPER SERVICE Add question paper faculty Add Question paper Exam paper FACULTY -A DD CONTENT SERVICE Add content faculty Add content Course content 36 .
184.108.40.206 MODULE FOR STUDENT
LEVEL 0 : STUDE NT- LOGIN SE RVICE
Login id student Login
LEVEL 1: STUDENT
logout View profile View courses
Register To a course
View Announcem ents Mail feedback View Content of a course
Take a test
LEVEL 2: STUDENT - TAKE A TEST SERVICE
Take a test
LEVEL 3: STUDE NT- REGISTE R TO A COURSE SERVICE
Register to a course
4.3.7 E-R DIAGRAM
name loginid activate exam Admin approves view result loginid offers add exam na me qualification Courses cid duration course m na e register Exa m pid Paper na me Faculty add/view Contents
Add/view discus sions
4.4 DATA BASE DESIGN
4.4.1 PHYSICAL DATA BASE DESIGN
Data dictionaries are integral component of structured analysis, since data flow diagrams by themselves not fully describe the subject of the investigation. The data dictionary provides additional information about the system. A data dictionary is a catalog – repository provides additional information about the system. A data dictionary is a catalog – repository of the elements in a system. In a data dictionary we will find a list of all elements composing the data flowing through the system. The major elements are data flows, data stores and process. The data dictionary stores details and descriptions of those elements.
Why is a data dictionary important?
Analysis use data dictionaries for five important reasons:
To manage the details of the large system To communicate a common meaning for all system elements To document the features of the system To facilitate analysis of the details in order to evaluate characteristics and determine where system changes should be made To locate errors and omissions in the system
220.127.116.11 DATABASE TABLES Domain Definitions Seq .# 1 Name Format When Used ID Type Varchar2(6) For Columns representing the database generated Unique id.2 LOGICAL DATA BASE DESIGN 4.4. 41 .
Column Name Column ion Column PK/F K? Null/ Not Null Remar ks Descript Type Loginid Login id of user. Se q.1. Password Passwor d of user.: Table Name: 1 login Table Description: This table contains all the loginid and password of admin. User Type Type of user Varchar2(1) Not Null Relationships: login Constraints: loginid: primary key. student and faculty.4. Varchar2(10 ) Not Null 3.4. 42 . Varchar2(7) PK 2. # 1.2.1 TABLE DEFINITIONS Table No.
2. Colum n Descri ption Column Type PK/F K? Null/ Not Null Varchar2(1 0) PK Rema rks 1. # Column Name This table contains the details of the coursecategory. Constraints: coursecode: primary key.: Table Name: 2 coursecategory Table Description: Se q. Varchar2(2 0) Not Null Relationships: coursecategory.Table No. Categor yname Name of particul ar course categor y. Coursec ode Code of particul ar course categor y. 43 .
sounds. HYPER TEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL The standard web transfer protocol is HTTP. Although the use of TCP for the transport connection is very common. application execution. The three tier architecture is used when an 44 . animation and video. The World Wide Web initially started as a text only medium but now ranges of features are added like graphics. It contains Web pages that provide information and controls.5 TECHNOLOGIES USED IN THE PROJECT WORLD WIDE WEB –WEB TECHNOLOGIES The World Wide Web is an open ended information system where the information can be retrieved and is designed to use in the Internet’s distributed environment. using a web browser as client. followed by one RFC 822 MIME – like response. it is not formally required by the standard. Several versions are in use and others are under development. Each interaction consists of one ASCII request. A large portion of internet is organized as the world wide web. A Web application is defined as multi –tier application based on the internet standards. HTTP is constantly evolving. This middle tier provides process management where business logic and rules are executed and can accommodate hundreds of users (as compared to only 100 users with the two tier architecture) by providing functions such as queuing.4. THREE TIER ARCHITECTURE The three-tier software architecture emerged in the 1990s to overcome the limitations of the two-tier architecture The third tier (middle tier server) is between the user interface (client) and the data management (server) components. and database staging.
• • Tier 2: the middle tier is also known as the application server. This application is also known as a thin client. scalability while hiding the complexity of distributed processing from the user. including simple control and user input validation. • Tier 1: the client contains the presentation logic. These characteristics have made three layer architectures a popular choice for Internet applications and net-centric information systems. Tier 3: the data server provides the business data. flexibility. APACHE TOMCAT Apache Tomcat is a web container developed at the Apache Software Foundation (ASF).effective distributed client/server design is needed that provides (when compared to the two tier) increased performance. maintainability. Tomcat implements the servlet and the 45 . which provides the business processes logic and the data access.
We can also use word processing software if we remember to save documents as “text only with line breaks”. 46 . Tomcat is a web server that supports servers and JSPs. tomcat can also function as an independent web server. that perception no longer exists.JavaServerPages (JSP) specifications from Sun Microsystems. HTML The Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is a collection of platform independent styles. providing an environment for Java code to run in cooperation with a web server. The accompanying Tomcat Jasper Compiler compiles JSPs into servlets.HTML documents are plain text that can be created using text editor. The title is shown as part of the browser’s windows. running on any operating system that has a Java Runtime Environment. However. <head>. <title> and <body> and their corresponding end tags should be used in each HTML file. The file extension “. Tomcat is increasingly used as a standalone web server in high traffic. Html” also indicates this is an HTML document and must be used. The HTML tags <html>. <HEAD> The <head> element identifies the part of our HTML coded document that contains the title. high availability environments. Tomcat is cross-platform. indicated by the markup tags that define invented by Tim Beners Lee while at CERN. <HTML> This element tells the browser that the file contains HTML coded information.
there are seven basic tags. Tables are very useful for presenting tabular information and are boon to creative HTML authors who use the table tags to present their regular web pages. A few basic tags and you can create complete web pages. TABLES Before HTML tags for tables were finalized. <CAPTION> Defines the caption for the title of the table. authors had to carefully format their tabular information within <PRE> tags containing spaces previewing their output. <TABLE> The main tag. Defines a table in HTML if the border attributes is present. you could get away with only using these seven tags. 47 . In fact. Within the body of a webpage. The default position of the title centered at the top of the table.<TITLE> The <title> element contains the document title and identifies its content in global context. This portion of our HTML code is displayed within the text area of the browser window. the browser displays the table with a border. <BODY> The largest part of the HTML document.
In fact. you could get away with only using these seven tags. authors had to carefully format their tabular information within <PRE> tags containing spaces previewing their output. We may define default attributes for the entire row. there are seven basic tags. TABLES Before HTML tags for tables were finalized. The <title> element contains the document title and identifies its content in global context. Within the body of a webpage. 48 .<TR> Specifies a table row thin a table. Tables are very useful for presenting tabular information and are boon to creative HTML authors who use the table tags to present their regular web pages. This portion of our HTML code is displayed within the text area of the browser window. <BODY> The largest part of the HTML document. Defines a table in HTML if the border attributes is present. <TABLE> The main tag. the browser displays the table with a border. A few basic tags and you can create complete web pages.
<TD> Defines a table data cell. The default position of the title centered at the top of the table. <TR> Specifies a table row thin a table. Table data cells may contain other attributes to determine the characteristics of the cell and its contents. We may define default attributes for the entire row. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) has assumed a prominent place in the computer world. The end products. Until recently. HTML has evolved to meet the increasing demand for eye-catching and mind-catching web sites. however the evolutionary process mostly involved new and improved tags and attributes.<CAPTION> Defines the caption for the title of the table. DYNAMIC HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE (DHTML) With the explosion of interest in the World Wide Web. By default. the text in this cell is aligned left and concerned vertically. clearly showed a new direction was in order. Dynamic HTML is that new direction. It combines HTML with Cascading Style Sheets and scripting languages. static web pages that often required repeated timeconsuming round trips between client and server machines. 49 .
That means that as long as computer has a JVM. such as graphical user interface (GUI). Java bytecodes help make “write once. You can compile your program into bytecodes on any platform that has a Java compiler. It’s the base for the Java platform and is ported onto various hardware-based platforms. the same program written in the Java Programming language can run on Windows 2000. The Java programming language is unusual. The bytecodes can then be run on any implementation of the JVM. The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. The interpreter parses and runs each Java bytecode instruction on the computer. a Solaris workstation. With the compiler.With most programming languages. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. THE JAVA PLATFORM The Java platform has two components: • • The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) You’ve already been introduced to the JVM. you either compile or interpret a program so that you can run it on your computer. in that a program is both compiled and interpreted. 51 . or on an iMac.the platform-independent codes interpreted by the interpreter on the Java platform. Compilation happens just once. run any where” possible. first you translate a program into an intermediate language called java bytecodes .
Applications written in Java will run on all the major platforms. the compiled code runs on a specific hardware platform. The following sections will say more about their components: JAVA IS PORTABLE One of the biggest advantages Java offers is that it is portable. However. These byte codes go to the Java Virtual Machine. these libraries are known as packages. 3. Java consists of three components 1. Java Programming Language.The Java API is grouped into libraries of related classes and interfaces. another program to run on windows machine. As a platform-independent environment. smart compilers. Java Virtual Machine. which makes program design focus on what you are dealing with rather than on how you are going to do something. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. still another to run on a UNIX machine. Java Library of Classes and Interfaces. 2. the Java platform can be a bit slower than native code. Native code is code that after you compile it. which executes them directly or translate them into the language that is understood by the machine running it. This makes it more useful for programming in sophisticated projects because one can break the things down into 52 . JAVA IS OBJECT ORIENTED The Java programming language is object oriented. A programmer no longer has to write one program to rum on a Macintosh. well-tuned interpreters. and so on.
Java systems not only verify all memory access but also ensure that no viruses are communicated with an applet. A big benefit is that these components can then be reused. running an audio track and displaying text all at the same time. a multimedia program might often be running a movie. it was return so that extending it is very easy. a person who is new to the java can learn some pretty neat 53 .understandable components. For example an application could be faxing a document at the same time it is printing another document. JAVA IS SECURE Security becomes an important issue for a language that is used for programming on Internet. The absence of pointers in java ensures that programs cannot gain access to memory locations without proper authorization. Programmers can modify existing classes for write their own new classes or they can write a whole new package. While writing servlets developer require a pretty extensive knowledge of Java. Sun introduced Java Server Pages (JSP). It was purposely written to be lean with the emphasis on doing what is does very well. Multithreading is particularly important in multimedia. JAVA IS MULTI THREADED Multithreading is simply the ability of a program to do more than one thing at a time. JAVA SERVER PAGES (JSP) To make creating dynamic content easier. JAVA IS EXTENSIBLE A big plus for Java is the fact it can be extended. instead of trying to do everything from the beginning.
JSP files contain traditional HTML along with embedded code that allows the page designer to access data from Java code running on the Server. exception handling. With JSP. directory services. including those for cross-platform database access. it enjoys all of the advantages that the Java language provides with respect to development and deployment. distributed computing. use of JSP does not lock you into using specific hardware platform. and automatic memory management. Java Server Pages is a Java – based technology that simplifies the process of developing dynamic web sites. • JSP is a vendor – neutral. developers and system architects can select best-of-breed solutions at all stages of JSP deployment. • Because compiled Java bytecode is portable across all platforms that support JVM. and cryptography. or server software. web designers and developers can quickly incorporate dynamic elements into web pages using embedded Java. 54 . BENEFITS OF JSP • • As a Java – based Technology. • • • Provides support for a re-useable component such as Java-Beans Technology. JSP can readily take advantages of all of the other standard Java APIs. It provides the easy way to develop the code as compared to Servlet Technology of the Java. JSP represents an attractive alternative of Microsoft’s ASP. operating system. use of Java leads to increase programmer productivity and more robust code. As an Object Oriented Language with a strong typing encapsulation.tricks in JSP in a snap.
Quite a lot of things happen behind the scene when a JSP page is deployed in a web container and is first served to a client request. Request for the JSP page result in the execution of the JSP page implementation class. Deploying and serving a JSP page involves two distinct phases TRANSLATION PHASE In this phase the JSP page is transformed into a Java servlet and then compiled. JSP pages can be precompiled before they are deployed using tools that perform the translation phase when the server starts up. JSP SCRIPTING ELEMENTS There are three kinds of scripting elements in JSP: • • • Declarations Scriptlets Expressions 55 . EXECUTION PHASE This phase (also known as the Request Processing Phase) is executed each time the JSP page is served by the web container. To avoid this delay. This phase occurs only once for each JSP page and must be executed before the JSP page is served. IMPLEMENTATION CLASS The translation phase results in a delay when a JSP page is requested for the first time.
JDBC If a java programmer uses J2EE he must uses the JDBC. Without using JDBC he can’t 56 . Statement. Scriptlets are embedded between <% and %> delimiters. Declarations in the JSP pages are embedded between <%! and %> delimiters.Types. JDBC is a open specification.DECLARATIONS Declarations are used to define methods and instance variables. They do not produce any output that is sent back to the client.sql. Java soft has provided some classes like Java. ResultSet etc. If the output is a Java object.sql. Java. DATABASE JAVA DATA BASE CONNECTIVITY (JDBC) We can’t assume our java programs without database. The contents of Scriptlets go within the _jspService () method. DriverManager. Java..sql. develop the project. EXPRESSIONS Expressions in JSP pages are used to write dynamic content back to the browser and are embedded in <%= and %> delimiters. SCRIPTLETS Scriptlets are used to embed Java code within JSP pages. the result of calling the toString () on the object is written back to the browser.Time and set of interfaces like Connection.sql. The lines of code embedded in JSP pages should compile with the syntactical and semantic constructs of Java.Date. Java.
Using the JDBC 2. Depending on various factors. There are four types of JDBC drivers each having it’s own functionality. which is partly written in and most of it is implemented using native methods to access the database. This approach suited for applets. They are classified based on how they access the data from the database. Please note that they are not substitute one another. from relational databases to spreadsheets and flat files. All Java JDBC Net Drivers: A JDBC net driver when uses a common network Protocol to connect an intermediate server. 3. Where the request must go through the intermediate server. JDBC Technology Drivers To use the JDBC API with a particular database management system. This is useful in case of java application that can run only on some specific platforms.0 API. you need a JDBC technology based driver to mediate between JDBC technology and the database. 1. Native JDBC Driver: A JDBC driver. 2. Which in turn employees native calls to connect to the database. you can access virtually any data source.The JDBCTM API provides universal data access from the JavaTm programming language. Each having their own suitability aspects. Writing this type is easier when compared to writing other drivers. a driver might be written purely in the java programming language or in a mixture of the java programming language and JavaTM Native Inerface (JNI) native methods. JDBC – ODBC Bridge Driver: A bridge driver provided with JDBC can Convert the JDBC call into equivalent ODBC calls using the 57 .
Testing is a process of technical investigation.native methods. This includes. but is not limited to. that is intended to reveal quality-related information about the product with respect to the context in which it is intended to operate. would make an application truly portable across databases. 5. ODBC complaint. The modules are tested separately. security and quality of developed computer software. the process of executing a program or application with the intent of finding errors.e. This is also known as “Module Testing”. in order to answer the question “Does this software behave as specified?” Software testing is used in association with Verification and Validation.1. This testing carried out during programming 58 . which are industry standards as of now. Software Testing is the process of executing software in a controlled manner. TESTING Testing is the process used to help identify the correctness completeness. Since ODBC provides connection to any type of database i.1 UNIT TESTING Unit testing focuses verification efforts on the smallest unit of the software design. to connect a number of databases simultaneously is very simple matter this approach is a recommended one since using ODBC drivers. the module. TYPES OF TESTING 5.
After validation test has been conducted one of two possible conditions exists. one module can have adverse efforts on another. Integration testing is systematic testing for construction the program structure while at the same time conducting tests to uncover errors associated with in the interface. But the simple definition is that validation succeeds when the software function in a manner that can reasonably expected by the customer. the next step is output testing of the proposed system since no system could be useful if it does not produce the required output in the specified format.3 VALIDATION TESTING At the conclusion of integration testing software is completely assembled as a package.stage itself. Thus in the integration testing stop.1.1.1. Asking the users about the format required by them tests the outputs generated by the system under consideration. validation test begins. 5. 5. Validation test can be defined in many ways. The objective is to take unit tested modules and build a program structure. In this testing each module is found to be working satisfactorily as regards to the expected output from the module.4 OUTPUT TESTING After performing validation testing.2 USER ACCEPTANCE TESTING User acceptance of a system is the key factor of the success of any system. all the errors uncovered are corrected for the text testing steps. 5. interfacing errors have been uncovered and corrected and a final series of software tests begins. The system under study is tested for the user acceptance by constantly 59 .2 INTEGRATION TESTING Data can be grossed across an interface. 5.
60 .keeping in touch with the prospective system users at the time of developing and making changes wherever required. 6. OUTPUT SCREENS HOMEPAGE The homepage of OCP mainly consists of the Member Login via which three different types of users could login. The homepage as shown below has 8 buttons showing various activities in home page.
The courses categories present on the site are displayed.The screen below is displayed on selecting the courses button present on the home page. 61 .
HOW TO REGISTER 62 .
FEEDBACK TO SITE 63 .The screen below is displayed on selecting the “how to register” button on the home page. This shows the way of registration process to the courses on the site.
BENEFITS OF SITE 64 . This is provided to the users who visit the site in order to get feedback from them.The screen is displayed when the user clicks on the feedback button on the homepage.
ONLINE CERTIFICATION 65 . This shows the benefits of online education over traditional education to users.This screen is displayed when user clicks on the benefits button on the home page.
The details of the certification are show to user through this button. HELP SCREEN 66 .This screen is displayed when user clicks on the certification button on the home page.
This “helps” the users to know about the site and its various activities involved.This is displayed when user clicks on the help button. This mainly designed on view of a people without minimum knowledge on computers. ADMINISTRATOR MODULE SCREENS 67 .
The various services provided to him is displayed to right of the screen.HOMEPAGE FOR ADMIN The screen below is provided for administrator after Login. COURSE CATALOGUE 68 .
The screen below shows the courses available in the Beginners category along with the price of the course and its duration. ADD COURSE 69 .
The screen below is displayed when admin selects the add course link via this the admin is able to add new courses to any categories. This screen shows the addition of course in the beginners category. DELETE COURSE 70 .
The screen below is displayed when the admin selects the delete courses link. VIEW FACULTY 71 . The admin is able to delete more than one course at a time.
FACULTY MODULE SCREENS 72 .The admin is providing with this service in order to view faculty for each course. At first course list is provided to make a selection to a course before he could view faculty for that particular course.
UPDATE PROFILE The faculty is provided with a service to update the details. VIEW STUDENTS 73 .
The students assigned to a particular faculty of a particular course are shown below when faculty. UPLOAD CONTENT 74 .
DISCUSSION BOARD 75 .The screen below shows how a faculty could upload contents of a particular course.
EXAM SECTION 76 . The screen below is of such functionality.The faculty could view the queries posted based on the courses registered. He could answer to those queries and submit them.
HELP FOR FACULTY 77 .The faculty is responsible to set the exam paper of the courses he is registered. The screen below shows how it is done.
EXAM SECTION 78 .The faculty is also provided with a help service through which he could know functionality of the site more quickly and easily.
This shown when and what time the exam is activated and of what duration. EXAM RESULTS 79 .The admin when selects the activate link the screen below is displayed.
CERTIFICATION 80 .The exam result in core java subject is shown.
The view of certificate is shown below. STUDENT MODULE SCREENS 81 .
HOME PAGE FOR STUDENT The home page for student is shown below with limited services after a student is registered. UPDATE PROFILE 82 .
The screen below shows how a student could update profile. COURSE CATALOGUE 83 .
PAYMENT 84 .The student after a selection made to courses displayed all are added to cart. The view of cart is shown below.
FEEDBACK FORM 85 .The payment details of the student is taken through his screen.
The student could give feedback to a particular faculty through this screen. CONCLUSION 86 . 7.
It is very easy to implement or add many features to this tool. The user is provided with a very friendly interface. 87 . hiding all the technical intricacies. Proper care has been taken during database design to maintain data integrity and to avoid data redundancy. Design procedures and user manuals are also included in the project to help the users better understand the system. This project is purely user friendly and platform independent.The project is able to successfully incorporate all the requirements specified by the user. so user can run this tool in any environment. Finally it is a very need full and simple tool for any big organizations. The project is designed and coded in such a way that any further modifications that are needed in the future can be easily implemented without affecting the functionality of the system. A client side validation has also been done with utmost care by considering all the possibilities and the requirements of different users to avoid data inconsistency. The technical documentation provided in the project report helps the application developers understand the internal architecture of the system and thus assists them in enhancing the system.
com 88 .Hoffer. BIBLIOGRAPHY System Analysis and Design –James A senn Database System Design –ElmasreeKorth Modern Databse Management –McFadden.google.8.com www.sun.Prescott Software Engineering Concepts –Robert Pressman Java Server Programming –Wrox Publications Websites www.com www.javasoft.
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