HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE AND THE CITY IV

Soviet Architecture 1917 – 1932 Russian Revolution in 1917 destroyed the Tsarist Aristocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.

The Tsar was removed in March 1917 and the Bolshevik (Communist) government took power in the October Revolution.

Lenin Marx and Engels – Manifesto of the Communist Party - 1848
“A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies. “

Malevich
8 Red Rectangles 1915

Malevich
Supremus no 58 1916

Malevich
Arkitecton among Modern City Buildings 1920

Malevich
Composition of Arkitectons 1920

Malevich Vertical Arkitecton 1920 .

Malevich Vertical Arkitecton 2 1920 .

Malevich Vertical Arkitecton 3 1920 .

Malevich Vertical Arkitecton 4 1920 .

Malevich Arkitecton 1923 .

Mies van der Rohe Concrete Country House Project 1923 .

Malevich Horizontal Arkitectons 1923 .

Malevich Horizontal Arkitectons 1923 .

Malevich Horizontal Arkitectons 1923 .

Chasnik Arkitecton Sketch .

Khidekel Spatial Composition 1926 .

Bauhaus publication: “Point and Line to Plane” in 1926 Kandinsky Yellow. Blue 1925 . Red.

Kandinsky On White II 1923 .

Kandinsky Transverse Line 1923 .

El Lissitzky Proun Bridge 1919 .

El Lissitzky Proun 19D 1922 .

El Lissitsky Proun 1925 .

El Lissitzky Proun 12E 1920 .

El Lissitzky Design for a Lenin Tribune 1924 .

Rodchenko Spatial Constructions .

Rodchenko Spatial Construction 1918 .

Rodchenko Spatial Construction #5 1918 .

Rodchenko Architectural Composition 1919 .

Rodchenko ArchitecturalComposition 1919 .

Rodchenko Painted Constructions 1919 .

Rodchenko Hanging Construction 1920 .

Rodchenko Spatial Construction 1920 .

Rodchenko
Hanging Construction 1920

Rodchenko
Spatial Constructions II

Rodchenko
With cloth of his own design

Rodchenko photograph .

Rodchenko photograph .

Rodchenko photograph .

Rodchenko photograph .

Rodchenko photograph .

Gabo Kinetic Construction 1920 .

Ladovsky
Experimental Designs 1919

Ladovsky
Experimental Designs 1919

Vkhutemas
student’s works mid 1920

Urban planning.1926 More intuitive than functionalist Founder: Nikolai Ladovsky El Lissitzky Melnikov (temp.) OSA -Union of Contemporary Architects -1925 -1930 The architect is first sociologist. founded in 1914 Constructivists: ASNOVA . and third technician. Popova VkhUTEMAS school.Association of New Architects . Rodchenko Malevich. communal dwelling (domkommuna) Founder: Moisei Ginzburg Alexander Vesnin Leonidov . Lissitzky.Suprematists: founder: Malevich Productivists: Tatlin. second politician.

Tatlin Experimental Monument to the Third International 1919/ 1920 .

Tatlin Experimental Monument to the Third International 1919/ 1920 .

Tatlin Experimental Monument to the Third International 1919/ 1920 .

Boullé Cénotaphe a Newton 1784 .

Tatlin Experimental Monument to the Third International 1919/ 1920 .

Francisco Alonso de Santos Propuesta para la Plaza de Castilla Madrid. 1987 .

Tatlin Operating flying machine .

Alexander Popova Festival on Khoynskoe Field .

Vesnin Brothers Palace of Labour Comp. 1922/ 1923 .

1922/ 1923 .Vesnin Brothers Palace of Labour Comp.

Vesnin Alexander Stagedesign for The Man who was Thursday 1922 .

Vesnin Alexander Stagedesign for The Man who was Thursday 1922 .

Vesnin Alexander Stagedesign for The Man who was Thursday 1922 .

Vesnin Alexander and Victor Leningradskaya Pravda Comp. 1924 .

1924 .Vesnin Alexander and Victor Leningradskaya Pravda Comp.

Chernikov Architectural Fantasies 1925 .

Chernikov Architectural Fantasies 1925 .

El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .

El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .

1991 El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 . Arizona.Project Phoenix.Steven Holl Edge of a City .

2006 El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .Steven Holl T-Husene Copenhagen.

2010 El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .Steven Holl Museum for Art and Architecture Nanjin.

Steven Holl Museum for Art and Architecture Nanjin. 2010 El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .

Ministry Georgia. ex-USSR El Lissitsky Cloudhanger Project 1925 .

El Lissitzky RussischeAusstellung 1929 .

1924 .Konstantin Melnikov Leningradskaya Pravda Comp.

Melnikov Leningradskaya Pravda Comp. 1924 .

Melnikov Leningradskaya Pravda Comp. 1924 .

Melnikov Indoor Car Park Paris. 1925 .

1925 .Melnikov Indoor Car Park Paris.

1925 .Melnikov Indoor Car Park Paris.

1925 .Melnikov Indoor Car Park Paris.

Melnikov USSR Pavilion 1925 .

Leonidov Lenin institute 1927 .

Leonidov Lenin institute 1927 .

Leonidov Lenin institute 1927 .

Leonidov Lenin institute 1927 .

Leonidov Palace of Culture Project 1930 .

1983 .Buckminster Fuller 1895 .

1967 .Buckminster Fuller American Pavilion Montreal.

Buckminster Fuller Dome over Manhattan .

Konrad Wachsmann Hangar 1945 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov House-Studio 1927 .

Melnikov Zuev Club 1927 .

Melnikov Rusakov Working Club 1927 .

Le Corbusier Centrosoyus 1929 .

Le Corbusier League of Nations competition 1927 .

Le Corbusier League of Nations competition 1927 .

Corbusier Palace of the Soviets 1931 .

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Corbusier Palace of the Soviets 1931 .

Boris Iofan Palace of the Soviets. final approved version 1934 .

final approved version 1934 .Boris Iofan Palace of the Soviets.

Association of New Architects . second politician. Lissitzky. founded 1920 Constructivists: ASNOVA .1926 More intuitive than functionalist Founder: Nikolai Ladovsky El Lissitzky Melnikov (temp. and third technician. Rodchenko Malevich. Urban planning.Suprematists: founder: Malevich Productivists: Tatlin. Popova VkhUTEMAS school. communal dwelling (domkommuna) Founder: Moisei Ginzburg Alexander Vesnin Leonidov .) OSA -Union of Contemporary Architects -1925 -1930 The architect is first sociologist.

1927 Design for a compact kitchen module with concealing screens. by the Building Company of the Economic Council of the USSR.Ol. 1928 . Ivanov and Lavinsky Interlocking duplex flats with central corridor OSA competition.

Ivanov and Lavinsky Interlocking duplex flats with central corridor OSA competition. 1927 .Ol.

1947 .52 . 1927 Le Corbusier Unité d’habitation. Marseille. Ivanov and Lavinsky Interlocking duplex flats with central corridor OSA competition.Ol.

Joseph Brodsky Less then one – Selected Essays .

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Melnikov Commisariat of Heavy Industry 1934 .

Melnikov Commisariat of Heavy Industry 1934 .

Melnikov Commisariat of Heavy Industry 1934 .

Vesnin Brothers Commisariat of Heavy Industry 1934 .

Vesnin Brothers Commisariat of Heavy Industry 1934 .

Palaceof Soviets / Approved Project 1946 .

Totalitarian architecture in Germany .

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